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Details of Syllabus

B. Sc. Telecommunication

You are here: Home | Undergraduate | B. Sc. Electrical/Electronic Engineering | Details of Syllabus

Engineering

B. Sc. Electrical/Electronic

The four - year course is divided into eight (8) semesters. Students are expected to complete a minimum of 140 credit

Engineering hours to be eligible for graduation. However, students are not allowed to take more than 21 credit hours in a semester.

Details of Syllabus Below are the details of the course content.

How to Apply

Students' Associations

FIRST YEAR COURSES

EE 151 APPLIED ELECTRICITY (2 2 3)

Network Theorems: Kirchoffs Laws, superposition, Thevenins, Nortons and Reciprocity theorems, Delta-star and

star-delta transformations.

Alternating Voltage and Current: Average and r.m.s values, harmonics, phasor representation of sinusoidal quantities,

addition and substraction of sinusoidal quantities.

A.C. Circuits: Active, reactive and apparent power, power factor, reactive and active loads and sources, solving single

phase circuits using j operator and the concept of apparent power, solving 3-phase balanced and unbalanced l;oads.

Magnetic Circuits: Magnetomotive force, magnetic fields strength, permeability of free space, relative permeability, B-

H curves of materials, solving magnetic circuits.

Nature of atom, the vacuum valves, (diode, triode, tetrode pentode) Basic concepts of semiconductors charge

carriers, effective mass, mobility, conductivity, life time and recombination, continuity equations, flow-equations, Hall

effects, PN junctions, choke; rectification and filteration. Bipolar transistors, its characteristics, CB, CC, CE

configurations the transistor and a switiching devices (ac - dc load lines) Small signal amplifiers.

General

Familiarisation tour of laboratories in the Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, equipment identification in

the laboratories.

Electronic/Autotronic

Identification of electronic components, PCB making, soldering, automobile checklists

Electrical

Identification of electrical machines and parts, identification of power cables, electrical wiring: types of switches, wires,

lights, fans, heaters, fridges, air conditioners

Computer

Autocad, PCB making software, familiarisation with computer hardware components

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Electrical and Electronic symbols; Wiring, connection or breadboarded diagrams; schematic diagrams; printed circuit

diagrams; electrical power diagrams.

Principles of Electromechanical Energy Conversion:

Force and Torque as rate of change of energy with position. Basic Transducers: Single Excitation, Alignment Force

and Torque; Double Excitation, Alignment and Interaction Forces and Torque.

Transformers:

Construction. Basic Theory. Phasor Diagram. Equivalent Circuits. No-load and Short-Circuit Tests. Voltage

Regulation. Efficiency. Cooling Methods. Polarity. Polyphase Transformer Connections. Per-Unit Calculation. Parallel

Operation of Transformers Auto Transformers. Tap-Changing Transformers. Instrument Transformers.

Introduction to computers: components of a PC and their functions, memory and storage devices; introduction to

operating systems (windows, UNIX, etc); introduction to computer networks; internet and electronic mail; introduction

to number systems and codes; data representation: integer and floating poit numerals; introduction to computer

programming: visual basic.

________________________________________.

Algebra:

The set R of real numbers, Relation of order in R, Principle of Mathematical Induction, Complex numbers; Analysis:

Functions: Odd, Even and Periodic functions Hyperbola functions and their graphs; Co-ordinate geometry: Conic

sections in rectangular co-ordinates, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola; Parametric equations: Plane polar co-ordinates,

polar curves;

Differentiation:

Rolles theorem and the mean-value theorems, Taylors theorem, Repeated Differentiation, Applications for

Differentiation, Indeterminate form; Vector algebra and its application.

Algebra:

Matrix Algebra: Determinants and their properties, Applications to systems of linear equations, Homogeneous

systems, Eigen values and Eigen vectors;

Analysis:

Series: Convergence of series of real numbers, Tests of convergence,Series of functions and power series

convergence of power series;

Integration: The Definite Integral; Definition: The Riemann Sum; Techniques of integration including advanced

methods of substitution, partial fractions, by parts and reduction formulae, Applications; Improper Integrals;

Convergence; Partial Differentiation, total derivations.

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Geometrical construction; Orthographic projection and other projections; Descriptive geometry, intersections and

development.

Introductory concepts of engineering mechanics involving basic principles in statics and dynamics with simple

applications, Simple machines and conservation laws.

Humans and Nature. Introductory ecology. Electromagnetic Spectrum. Ozone and global warming. Natural resources.

Population. Concepts of environmental: Noise, air, land and water pollution. Impact of engineering projects on the

environment and control measures. Environmental Laws and regulations in Ghana.

The study of parts of speech the noun, verb, pronoun, adjective, adverb, and so forth. The use of articles, the study

of sentence ultimately leading to paragraph writing.

Communication process, skills in communication, channels of communication in an organization, preparation of

official documents such as letters, memos, reports, minutes and proposals. Oral presentation skills. Formal speech

making. Conducting interviews and meetings.

________________________________________

SECOND YEAR COURSES

Armature Winding, Emf and Mmf Developed:

Commutator Windings. A.C. Windings. Winding Factors. Emfs Produced by Armature Windings. Mmfs Produced By

Armature Windings.

D.C. Machines:

Basic Theory. Construction. Emf. And Torque Equations. Steady State characteristics of Shunt, Series and

Compound Machines. Efficiency. Starters and their Industrial control circuits.

Basic Theory. Construction. Phasor Diagrams. Equivalent circuits. Circle Diagram. Testing And Efficiency. Torque

equations. Power factor correction. Starting methods and their industrial control circuits. High torque cage motors.

Induction Generator.

Basic Theory. Construction Phasor Diagram and Equivalent Circuit of Non-Salient_pole Machine. Machine

characteristics. Two Axis Theory. Phasor Diagram of salient-Pole Machine. Assessment of Reactance. Determination

of Voltage Regulation. Parallel operation: Synchronizing, effects of changing excitation and Mechanical Torque, Load

sharing of two machines, Hunting, performance equations, Circle Diagrams. V-Curve of Synchronous Motor. Starting

of Synchronous Motor and its industrial control circuit. Synchronous induction Motor. Single-phase synchronous

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generator.

PN Junction: Junction diodes and their static and dynamic properties at high frequencies, switching.

Metal-Semiconductor junctions: Energy band diagram of the Schottky barrier, MIS Schottky diode, ohmic contact,

applications of Schottky-Barrier diodes, heterojunctions. Solar Cell and light-emitting diode: optical absorption in a

Semiconductor, Photovoltaic effect, Schottky-barrier and MIS solar cells, LEDs, eye snsitivity and brightness,

Quantum efficiency.

MOS Devices: MOS capacitor, MOS transistor (DC characteristics, depletion - MOST and JFET). Polysilicon gate

technology, Metal gate technology, comparison. Control of threshold voltage through iron implantation. Frequency and

small signal properties of MOST, special MOS devices (CMOS, VMOS, DMOS, CCD). Examples of CCD in electro-

optical applications and signal processing.

Bipolar Junction Devices: The BJT transistor action, Ebers-Molls model, Hybrid-pi and h equivalent circuit, the BJT

as a switch, breakdown voltages, lateral PNP transistor, PNPN devices, Noise source in BJT.

Digital Devices and Circuits: Logic gates based on the MOS transistor: Switching times of basic inverters in NMOS

and CMOS, logic gates, transmission gates, dynamic circuits. Logic gates based on the Bipolar Junction Transistor:

Switching times of the basic inverter, logic gates of TTL, ECL and I2L types.

Latches, flip-flops of types D, SR, JK and master slave, NMOS, CMOS, and I2L implementations.

Regernerative circuits: Schmitt, uni-stable multivibratiors.

Logic Theory: Logical operations, Boolean algebra, combinations and their various realizations. Minimization

techniques. Various codes. Synchronous and asynchronous sequential logic, state assignment and minimization

finite state machines.

Reliability, fault diagnosis and threshold logic. Limitations of sequential circuits. Design examples of Digital Systems.

Electrostatics and electromagnetism: the electric fields, conductors, insulators, capacitance, the magnetic field in free

space, magnetic effects of iron. Calculation of inductance, field plotting, electromagnetic induction Maxwells

equations differential plus integral form. Electromagnetic waves theory: EM waves in a homogeneous medium

uniform plane wave propagation, conductors, dielectric, skin effect reflection, reflection of plane waves. Poynting

Vector

Review and application of Network theorems to AC Networks:

Superposition, substitution, Thevenin, Duality; Norton; Reciprocity.

Network Topology:

Graph or network: Trees; Node voltages and current equation. Use of nodal voltage method and mesh current method

in network analysis.

Two prot Networks: Relationship between terminal quantities; choice of parameters; network models; interconnection

of networks; validity tests. Application of interconnection rules; Loaded two ports; Reciprocity and symmetry.

Multiport Networks : Network equations; effect of dependent and independent internal sources.

n-terminal networks. The indefinite admittance matrix; connection of a terminal to earth; connection of two terminals

together; suppression of terminal; connection of networks in parallel.

Two port devices: Impedance converter, Generalized impedance converter, Negative impedance converter,

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Operational principles and dynamic analysis of measuring instruments: moving coil instruments, moving iron

instruments. Electrostatic, electrodynamics, industrial instruments. Instrument Transformers. Measurement of current,

voltage, power energy, phase, power factor, frequency.

Measurement of resistance, capacitance and inductance, bridge methods; resonance methods, sensors, and

transducers. Methods of measuring non-electric quantities: heat, light, sound, pressure, strain. stress. mechanical

displacement, flow, liquid level, humidity, speed, velocity and time. The C.R.O. and its application. Electronic

measuring instruments such as logic analysers, spectrum analysers and computer controlled automatic measuring

instruments. SCADA systems and remote metering .

Laboratory work in the following areas Transducers, single-phase and polyphase transformers, measuring

instruments, characteristics of semiconductor devices and amplifiers design and construction. At least 6 experiments

to be performed.

Laboratory work related to the following:

EE 262, EE 271, EE 278, EE 288. At least 3 assignments to be performed.

Analysis III: (Pre-requisites:- Algebra I and II, Analysis II) Differentiation under the integral sign; Multiple integrals; line;

surface; volume integrals; Triple scale and vector products; differentiation of vectors; Vector fields; Differential

equations: (Pre-requisites: Analysis II) Ordinary Differential equations; First order differential equations; Second order

linear differential equations; Systems of linear equations with constant coefficients; Laplace transforms.

Analysis IV: (Pre-requisites : - Algebra I and II, Analysis II) Differentiation of implicit functions; Extrema; Gamma and

beta functions; Functions of complex variables; Conformal mapping; Contour integration; Differential equations II:

(Pre-requisites:- Differential equations I) Solutions in series Fourier series; Classification of second order linear partial

differential equations and reduction to canonical forms; Solutions of simple boundary problems by separation of

variables.

Introduction: About C, C and unix, Dialects of C, Common C, ANSI C; Using C with UNIX: writing the program,

compiling the program, the C compiler (cc), Make, a Program Builer, Improved Type Checking Using Lint, Running the

Program, Constant and Variable Types: Global Variables, External Variables, Static Variables; Constants and Arrays,

Expressions and Operators: Assignment Statement, Arithemtic Operators, Type Conversion, Comparison, Logical

Connectors, Control Statements: The if else Statement, The switch Statement, Loops, The Standard Input Output File,

Character Input/Output, Formatted Input/Output; Handling Files in C. Structures in C, The C Preprocessor, Programs

with Several Files, UNIX Library Functions, Precedence of C Operators, Special Characters, Formatted Input and

Output Function Types

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Literature as Poetry: What is a poem, and its characteristics? Difference between a poem and a song. The figure of

speech and the literary device. Practical appreciation. Literature as Drama: What is a play, and its characteristics?

Drama as Theatre. Shakespeare. The modern Play.

Texts to be studied: Selected African and English poems. One Shatespeare play and one Modern African play.

See detailed description for first semester segment ENGL 263.

This course is aimed at equipping students with basic French communication skills. The course is specially tailored for

students from various departments who have little or no knowledge in French. French techniques of expression,

drawn from short dialogues, are exploited to help students have the ability to communicate freely. Attention will be

paid to the correct intonation and pronunciation.

This course is aimed at helping students to grasp basic French vocabulary to be able to function in everyday

situation. Spoken French and oral comprehension are emphasized. This will be supplemented with exercises aimed at

giving students ample opportunity to maximize their use of the language. The communicative approach is used to

enable students express themselves in different situations.

The nature and scope of economics. Consumer choice. Determination of prices. Different market conditions.

Production theory, and theory of distribution.

A survey of national income its measurement and determinants. Fluctuations in economic activity and trends in

Ghanas national income. Index number. International trade and national economy, role of government.

________________________________________

Properties of high voltage insulation and breakdown phenomena in materials and air with different types of

electrodes.

Transients: lightning phenomena, surges in transmission lines due to lightning and switching.

Protection of equipment/appliances against such transients.

Transformers: Harmonica, unbalanced loading, 3-winding HV transformers, impulse testing.

High voltage test equipment including impulse generators, a.c. and d.c. HV test sets and portable insulation test sets

used in industries for oil and other insulation testing. Destructive and non-destructive testing including partial

discharge techniques.

Applications of HV techniques in bio-medical engineering.

Overhead Line: Mechanical design: determination of right of way, tower/pole spotting, wood pole steel-tower

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configuration. Sag, tension, equivalent span, vibrations due to wind loading. Electrical Design: Voltage selection, line

power ratings, selection and arrangement of ground wires.

Determination of line clearances, spacing and tower footing resistance, use of arching rings. Size, number and

spacing of insulators, Performance characteristic.

Insulators: types of insulators, flashover characteristics of insulators, electric stress, Corona and Corona loss. Cables:

Types and construction, Electrical stress, thermal characteristics, charging currents, sheath currents, cost factors

compared to over-head lines.

Cable fault localization. System Earthing: Principles of system earthing, component earthing, substation earthing,

earthing schemes, sizing and time rating of rating of neutral devices, determination of earth resistance.

Substations: Elements of a substation, substation layout and operation, busbar and switching arrangements, location,

appearance and surroundings, voltage regulation equipment, determination of ratings and use of application curves,

area load density and load diversity. Economic view point.

Illumination Design.

Nature of light; sensitivity of the eye; common terms used in lighting design; laws of illumination; polar curves;

lighting schemes; lighting sources; filament lamps,

electric discharge lamps and are lamps; effect of voltage variation; starters; efficiency and costs;

Lighting installation; interior lighting design, floodlighting design and street lighting design. Electrical Drawing For

Architectural Plans: Commonly used electrical and electronic symbols; number of lamps in one circuit and number of

lamps controlled by one switch; one and multi-position control of lamps; lamps, their switching and circuit connections;

radial and ring circuit connection of socket-outlets; bathroom requirements for socket-outlets, and lamps switches and

lamps; lighting arresters; telephone installations.

Introduction to computer graphics and design applications. E.g. autocad etc

Thyristors and Power Transistors. A.C. Line-Commutated Converters: rectification, Inversion, Commutation, A.C.

Characteristics, Cycloconverter. A.C. and D.C. Chopper: Forced Commutation. Bridge, Parallel and Series Inverters.

Energy Sources: Location and characteristics of fossil and nuclear fuel. Fuel processing and environmental and safety

limitations. Thermal Power Plant: (a) Basic thermodynamic cycles. Principles of energy conversion using steam. Brief

description performance and efficiency of steam turbines, internal-combustion power plant, gas turbine. (b) Nuclear

power plant: schematics of nuclear power plant; brief treatment of fission and fusion reaction and expected yield.

Hydro Power Plants: Principles of energy conversion using water. Criteria for siting of plant. Elements of hydroelectric

plant, types of hydraulic turbines, performance and efficiency characteristics; Technical description of hydro power

schemes in Ghana. Brief treatment of pumped storage schemes. Economics of Power Generation: Capital plant cost,

operational/production costs. Determination of unit cost of energy generated. Incremental cost curves. Optimal active

power dispatch using equal incremental cost techniques for lossless and lossy networks. Single Line Diagram: Circuit

arrangements of arrangements of transmission and distribution systems. Elements and layout of generating stations.

Normal power system voltage and line ratings. Comparison of d.c. 1-ph and 3-ph a.c. transmission circuits. Per Unit

Notation: Reduction of system values of power systems to per unit with reference to base values. On line and

impedance diagrams.

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Transmission Lines parameters, generalised line parameters (A B C D) short, medium and long lines equations,

natural load. Losses of transmission lines. Computer based solutions to problems to be encouraged.

Load Flow Analysis: Formation of a.c. load flow equations.

Gauss-Seidel iterative method of solution. Cartesian and polar forms of load flow equations, formation of the jacobian

matrix and solution using the Newton-Raphson method. Digital computer study of load flow.

Fault Analysis: Causes of faults, types of faults, 3-phase symmetrical fault calculations, unsymmetrical shunt and

series fault calculations. Simultaneous faults. Applications to digital computation. Operation and Control:

Characteristics of governors and their operation, speed changer settings, load-sensitive components of a power

station, load-frequency characteristics, Exciter characteristics, block diagram representation of voltage control

systems, voltage and reactive power control. Stability: Equal area criterion and solution of differential equations.

Device fabrication technology, Small signal transistor models, basic amplifier structures (CC, CB, CE). Design of BT

amplifiers.

FET amplifiers, Bias stability of transistor amplifiers. Frequency response of wide-band and narrow-band amplifiers.

Large signal (power) amplifiers (class A, B, AB, C etc). Differential amplifiers and current sources. The ideal Op-Amp,

the practical Op-Amps, Op-Amp selection, application to instrumentation and telecommunication. Feedback and

stability. Quasi-linear circuits: Feedback

limiters, comparators, Schmitt Triggers. Analog Multipliers And modulators. Voltage Regulators, application to power

supplies. Phase-Locked-Loop (PLL) circuits. IC oscillators and timers: IC oscillators and timer circuits, frequency-to-

voltage, voltage-to-frequency converters.

The EM Spectrum impact of visible light/infrared, X-Rays, etc. on industry, agriculture, health, etc. Carrier

transmission. Spectrum translation, SSB, DSB. FUSB Continuous amplitude modulation (AM) and Angle modulation

(FM, PM). Comparison of modulation techniques, Power calculations of transmitting power required for reliable

communications (AM systems). Pulse-modulation techniques.(PAM,PCM). Sampling theorem.

Signal sources and types. Random signals and noise: Power spectral density and autocorrelation. The Gaussian

Processes. Discrimination between finite number of possible signals. The optimal receiver of known signals

embedded in additive white Gaussian noise. The correlation receiver, matched filter and the associated probability of

error. Modulation methods: ASK, PSK, FSK, MSK. Applications to PCM and radar. Efficient signal design for binary

communication. Detection of signals with unknown phase.

Definitions and basic concepts. SDL. The structure of switching centers. Selectors and crosspoint matrices, blocking

and non-blocking networks. Control systems in switching centers. Principles of traffic queing theorems for circuit

switching centers. Time division switching centers. A model of an electronic exchange.

Sampled Data Control Systems Laplace transform of sampled signals.

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Sampling theorem, relation between S-plane and Z-plane. General relation between signals and pole location,

inversion of Z transforms. Discrete transfer function, discrete compensaters, discrete PID control, people placement

and deadbeat control.

Design in the z and w domains. Polynomial design. Analog approximation. Analysis of computational delays.

Realization of digital controllers. Finite word-length effects.

Laplace transforms, mathematical modelling of physical processes. Transfer functions, signal flow diagrams, block

diagram manipulation. Step, impulse and frequency response of linear systems. Bode Plots, Nyquist Plots, Root locus,

Nichols chart and application to design of compensators.

Feedback, feedforward and tacho feedback compensation. PID control, identification of linear systems, stability of

linear systems.

Laboratory work related to EE 367, EE 375, EE 371, EE 381, EE 387, EE 366, EE 368, EE 376.

At least 3 assignments to be performed.

Methods Of Solving Systems Of Linear Equations

Direct Methods: Gaussian Elimination with/without pivoting, Factorization Methods (LU Decomposition with/without

pivoting, Choleski Method)

Iterative Methods: Jacobi Method, Gauss Seidel Method and Successive-Over Relaxation Method

Methods Of Solving Systems Of Non-Linear Equations: Newtons Method, Generalized Newtons Method and

Continuation Method

Methods of finding Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors:Characteristic Equation Approach, Power Method, Inverse Power

Method and Gerchgorims Circle Method

Numerical Integration: Trapezoidal Method, Simpsons Method and Gaussian Quadrature

Interpolation Methods: Lagrange Approximation, Error Terms and Bounds, Newton Polynomials, Polynomial

Approximation, Nodes and Centres; Forward, Backward and Divided Differences.

Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations: Finite Difference Methods, Single-Step Methods, Multi-Step

Methods and Predictor Corrector Methods

Introduction to Probability Theory: Random Experiments, Definition of terms and notations and determination of

Measure of Probability. Basic Laws/Rules of Probabilty including Compound Events, Computation of Probabilities

involving Simple Events, Application to Counting Techniques and Decision Problems

Random Variables and Probability Distribution: Concept of random variables, Properties of Probability distributions,

Cumulative Distribution Functions and Sketching of Distribution Functions. Expected Value, Median and Variance of

Random Variable and their Applications to Decision Problems

Moments and Moment Generating Functions: Definition of Moments about the Origin and the Mean and their uses;

Definition, properties and Uses of Moment Generating Functions

Some Special Probability Theorems: The Central Limit Theorem, Empirical Rule, Chebyshevs Inequality and the

(Weak) Law of large Numbers; Applications of the Theorems.

Properties and Applications of some Special Probability Theorems:

Discrete Distributions: independent Bernoullis Trials and related probability distributions such as Bernoulli, Binomial,

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Geometric and negative Binomial. The Poisson, Hypergeometric and Multinomial Distributions; Relationships existing

between some of the distributions, Proof of properties of the distributions

Continuous Distributions: Uniform, Exponential, Normal, Gamma, Chi-Square and Beta Distributions; Use of the

Normal Distribution Table, Normal Approximation to Binomial and Poisson Distributions; Proof of properties of the

distributions

Joint Probabilty Distributions: Definitions and properties of the distributions, Marginal and Conditional Distributions,

Independent Random Variables, Covariance and Correlation Coefficient of Random Variables; Distribution of Linear

Combination of Random Variables. Transformation of Random Variables and their Probability Distributions; Moment

Generating Functions of Bivariate Random Variables.

Microprocessor system: Basic concept and terminology, input, output, interface, memories. Architecture: ALU,

registers, program counters etc. Hardware: System bus structure, data, address and control bus. Microprocessor

interfacing. Types of microprocessors, 4 bit, 8 bit and 16 bit. Families (Intel, Motorola and Zilog). Assembler language

programming; development aid, application development. Application of microprocessor in PLC.

Review of standard combinational modules (e.g. decoders, encoders, multiplexers, de-multiplexers); standard

arithmetic modules (e.g. adders, multipliers); standard sequential modules (e.g. registers, counters).

Levels of implementation of a digital system, hierarchical implementation; computer-aided design (CAD) tools;

description of digital systems for design purposes; synthesis and optimization for verification.

Hardware description language (VHDL will be used); fundamentals of register transfer logic (RTL) system design;

design of the digital computer as an RTL system (using VHDL).

VHF & UHF antennas. Parabolic reflectors. Special application antennas for microwave transmission: Terrestrial,

satellite, HAP, mobile broadcast, etc. Analytical and numerical methods of analysis and design of wire antennas. (Use

of Fortran for analysis). Propagation characteristics of these antenna systems.

________________________________________

Commutator Machines: Commutator Action. Armature reaction.

Compensating Windings, Communication Process, Interpole, Cross field Machine: Operating Principle, Compensated

Cross-field Machine, steady state characteristics. Generalized Machine Theory: Circuit Model of Machines.

Convention. Primitive Machine: Circuit Equations, Torque Equations. Transformation. Invariance of Power, Active

Transformation, Passive Transformation. Transformation of Synchronous, D.C., Cross-field And Induction Machines

To Primitive Machines. Transient Analysis of D.C. And Induction Machines.

Drive Systems Mechanics, Equation of Motion. Transient.

Electrical Braking of D.C. and A.C. Motors. Speed Control, Variable Speed D.C. And A.C. Drives. Analysis of Heating

And Cooling of Electrical Machines. Application Aspects, Motor Selection.

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Single-phase Induction Motors. Single-phase series Motor. Hysteresis, Motor, Single-phase Reluctance Motor.

Synchros. Two-phase servomotors. D.C. Servo Motors (Conventional And Brushless). A.C. And D.C.

Tachogenerators. Stepper Motors. Resolves.

Brief review of optimization theory including constrained and unconstrained minimization, linear programming and

dynamic programming. Application. Application to the power dispatch problem, generation planning and, transmission

planning. Load forecasting techniques. Use of capacity outage tables.

Generation, Transmission and Distribution system expansion; maintenance planning and scheduling.

Industrial power system planning and layout to include power panel arrangements and specifications. Energy

conservation in buildings.

The controllability of electric power systems. The influence of controllability and the possible solution of the control

problem. Control of equilibrium points. Static optimization. Frequency and load control. Voltage and reactive power

control. Hierarchical control in power systems. The effect of voltage regulators on rotor angle damping. The role of the

human operator. Optimal control of power systems.

Switchgear: Arc phenomena, arc control, D.C. and A.C. interruption, recovery, voltage, transients, types of circuit-

breakers, applications and limitations, rating and testing.Protection:Current and voltage transformers, principles of

relaying. Electromagnetic relays and solid state electronic equipments. Pilot circuits. Applications to over current,

differential and distance (impedance) relaying. Characteristics of fuses, selection and application of fuses. Brief

description of reclosers and their applications. Brief treatment of protection devices coordination using time-current

characteristics. Principles of surge protection: lighting arrestors. Arching rings; arrangement of protection devices,

selection of arresters, rating and coordination with apparatus insulation.L.V. protection equipment and systems

including methods of motor overload and short circuit protection. Special protection measures in the design of power

electronic interface equipment. Protection of building electrical services. Use of MCBS and fuses, extended to

protection of appliances. Advances towards computer based monitoring and protection of industrial and utility

protection systems.

Types of electric heating equipment. Heating element design and estimation of heat data and thermal efficiency.

Resistance ovens and methods of temperature control. Special types of resistance furnaces. Dielectric heating; choice

of frequency and applications of dielectric heating. Are furnaces, power supply and control. Electric welding; types of

welding and welding equipment. Operation of common types of welding plant. Refrigeration and air-conditioning,

principles of operation and power requirements. Domestic, commercial and industrial types. Sizing of air conditioners

for rooms. Equipment and device cooling methods.

Introduction:

Basic concepts and terminology in DSP, comparison between analog and digital signal processing.Tools and

techniques for DSP:

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Description of discrete signals and systems in time domain, Description of discrete signals and systems in frequency

domain, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) and inverse transform properties, Circuit convolution and its relation to

DFT, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT): Properties

Filters:

Filter Realization; Methods for the realization of a transfer function. Filters with finite impulse response and linear

phase. Filter Design of Infinite Impulse response (IIR) digital filters from analog filters, Computer-Aided design of IIR

digital filters. Properties of FIR filters, Design of FIR filters using windows, computer-Aided design of FIR filters.

Comparison if 11R and FIR digital filters.Statistics Methods for Filtering Principles; Randon sequences, auto

correlation function, power spectrum.Quadratic Optimization:

Introduction to Kalman filter, Wiener filter adaptive algorithms. Signal detection in noisy environment. Mini computers,

Microprocessors, Programmable Signal procsessors, Matrix processors, special Ics, Spectrum Analyzers, AD/DA

converters.

Areas of Application of DSP.

Image and voice processing, Telecommunications, Industrial Control, Radar and Sonar, Biomedical Analysis.

Programming and organization of a computer, its model: representation of members, letters and instructions:

translation from the problem into the machine language. Assembler language: Instructions and pseudo-instructions,

structure of program, symbols, loops and subroutines. Recursion and re-entrant. Assembler structure: One and two-

pass assemblers. Loader: relocation, linkage, internal and external symbols. Macros: Their definition and use.

Introduction to operation system: CPU status, interrupt systems, I/O programs, multiprogramming and

multiprocessing.

Phase plane analysis, Describing functions, stability of nonlinear systems. Lyapunov stability theorem, the inverted

pendulum, bang-bang control systems, La-salle asymptotic stability theorem, variable structure controllers, model

reference controllers, adaptive systems.

Stochastic processes, prediction of ARMX systems, spectral factorisation, wiener-Hops theorem, dynamics

programming Eulere-lagrange equations, Bellmans equations, Riccatti equation, LQG control, I alman filters and

optimal estimation.

EE 497 PROJECT I (0 6 3)

Supervised research project by individual student in partial fulfillment of the requirement for graduation.

EE 498 PROJECT II (0 10 5)

Supervised research project by individual student in partial fulfilment of the requirement for graduation.

Introduction to management (Definition and introduction to the main functions of management); Engineering economy;

accounting and cost accounting; Project management.

Entrepreneurship and free enterprise.Business planning. Product and service concepts for new ventures. Marketing

and new venture development. Organising and financing new ventures. Current trend (Internet commerce, e-

commerce). Business Law/Law of contract. Mini-project in business plan development for self employment.

http://archive.knust.edu.gh/pages/sections.php?siteid=ee&mid=338&sid=2377&id=790 Page 12 of 13

Department of Electrical/Electronic Engineering - Details of Syllabus 7/6/14 2:34 PM

Fundamentals of wireless communications. Radio-based systems: Toposcatter systems, microwave radio, Analog and

Digital Radio Relays satellite communications. Light-based sytems: Dynamics of laser transmission, licencing

requirements, bandwidth capacities, applications, fiber optic systems. Cellular communications: Dynamics of cellular

transmission, cellular components, coverage and channels, routing cellular cells. Security concerns with wireless

communications. VSATs. Wireless LAN systems.

Introduction to wireless communication systems. Cellular concept. System design fundamentals. Mobile radio

propagation. Small and large scale modulation techniques for mobile radio. Basic satellite system. Satellite orbits.

Frequency and propagation considerations. Communication link design. Multiple Access Techniques. Communication

satellites. Earth stations. Digital Terrestrial Transmission. Future trends.

General structure of data network architectures emergency theorem, Topological design, Protocols, Routing,

congestions control; communication satelite, local area networks, random access techniques; error detection and

correction codes.

Technology of MOS integrated circuits. Layout and design rules for MOS circuits. Principles of VLSI design. Two

phase clocking. Layout of random logic. Structured layout, PLA, computer aided design for VLSI, simulation,

automatic layout. MOS memories, Technology of bipolar integrated circuit, A to D and D to A converters. Trends in

VLSI engineering, custom VLSI, gate arrays.

KNUST Website by Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Based on a work at www.knust.edu.gh.

http://archive.knust.edu.gh/pages/sections.php?siteid=ee&mid=338&sid=2377&id=790 Page 13 of 13

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