Anda di halaman 1dari 318

580N

580SN-WT
580SN
590SN
Loader Backhoe

OPERATORS MANUAL

Part number 84261053


1st edition English
September 2010
Contents

1 GENERAL INFORMATION
Intended use. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
CNH America LLC technical manuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Note to the owner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Read the Operators Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Manual storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Identification numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Component Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Right, left, front and rear of the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8

2 SAFETY INFORMATION
Safety rules and signal word definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Proposition 65 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Safety rules - General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Safety rules - Air conditioning system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Safety rules - Basic operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Safety rules - Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Safety rules - Electrical storm safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Safety rules - Fire or explosion prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Safety rules - Fuel handling precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Safety rules - Hazardous chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Safety rules - Lifting and overhead loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Safety rules - Maintenance precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Safety rules - Mounting and dismounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Safety rules - Operator precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Safety rules - Specific precautions to this machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Safety rules - Transporting precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Safety rules - Utility precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Safety rules - Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Ductile iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Operator protective structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Seat belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Safety decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Bucket and hydraulic coupler decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
Hand signals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Do Not Operate hang tag. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-37

3 CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS
ACCESS TO OPERATORS PLATFORM
Machine access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
OPERATORS SEAT
Operator seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
FORWARD CONTROLS
Front console - Left-hand switch panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Front console - Right-hand switch panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Steering column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Gear selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Pedal controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
RH SIDE CONTROLS
Loader functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Console controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Heating, ventilation or air-conditioning control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
Advanced instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
REARWARD CONTROLS
Console controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-37
Backhoe controls - Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-40
Backhoe controls - Pilot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-46
OVERHEAD CONTROLS
Dome light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-51

4 OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
COMMISSIONING THE UNIT
Run in period of a new machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Engine speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1

STARTING THE UNIT


Before starting the engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Normal engine starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Cold temperature operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Hot temperature operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Booster battery procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6

STOPPING THE UNIT


Shutting down the engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7

MOVING THE UNIT


Before operating the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Uniform braking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Transmission gears. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Machine direction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Traveling on a hill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Differential lock system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Ride control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
5 TRANSPORT OPERATIONS
RECOVERY TRANSPORT
Towing the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Transporting on a trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3

6 WORKING OPERATIONS
GENERAL INFORMATION
FNR shift sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Display brightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Maximum throttle/Cold start idle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Brake enabled idle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Throttle sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
LOADER OPERATIONS
Personal safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Job layout. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Comfort Steer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Detent position for 4 in 1 bucket control switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Loader digging force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Bucket level, position and depth indicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Return to dig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Lifting with the loader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Changing loader attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20

BACKHOE OPERATIONS
Personal safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Basic instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Backhoe danger area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
Swing lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
Extendahoe lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
Stabilizer pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
Backhoe transport position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-28
Before operating the backhoe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-30
Filling the backhoe bucket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
Power lift. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
Moving the machine while digging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-34
Lifting with the backhoe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
Changing backhoe attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37

7 MAINTENANCE
GENERAL INFORMATION
Safety rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
General safety before you service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Hour meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Support strut for loader lift arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Hood latch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Fire extinguisher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
Welding on the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7
Battery access and care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
Consumables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Fuses and relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13
Diagnostic/service tool port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16
Heater coolant shutoff valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16
MAINTENANCE CHART
Maintenance Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17
At warning message display
Engine air filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-19
Hydraulic filter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-21
Fuel system water separator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-22

Initial 10 hours
Air conditioning belt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-24
Wheel nut and bolt torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26
Every 10 hours or daily
Engine oil level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-27
Loader, backhoe, extendahoe grease fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-29

Initial 20 hours
Transmission fluid level. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38
Front axle fluid level - Four wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Rear axle fluid level. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
Every 50 hours
Fuel system water separator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-41
Coolant reservoir (deaeration reservoir) fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44
Hydraulic reservoir fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45
Front axle grease fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46
Loader hydraulic coupler lock pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47
4 in 1 bucket pivots and grease fittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47

Initial 100 hours


Hydraulic filter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-49
Transmission filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-51
Fuel filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-53
Service brakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-56
Parking brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-57

Every 100 hours


Backhoe swing control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-58
Extendable dipper control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-58
Spark arresting muffler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-59

Every 250 hours


Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-60
Air conditioning belt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-61
Front axle fluid level - Four wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-63
Front axle breather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-64
Front axle drive shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-64
Rear axle fluid level. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
Rear axle breather. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
Rear axle drive shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
Fuel tank. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-66
Transmission fluid level. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-67
Air conditioning compressor seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-68

Every 500 hours


ROPS cab and seat mount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-69
Operators seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-71
Fuel filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-72
Engine oil and filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-75

Every 600 hours


Battery fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-76

Every 1000 hours


Hydraulic fluid and filter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-78
Hydraulic reservoir breather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-80
Cab intake filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-81
Engine valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-81
Crankcase ventilation filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-81
Front axle fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-82
Rear axle fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-84
Transmission fluid and filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-85
Engine air filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-87
Parking brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-89

Every 2000 hours


Cooling system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-90

As required
Bleed air from the fuel system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-93
Prime turbocharger lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-95
Hydraulic pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-96
Tire pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-97
Operators seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-98
Grille screen and radiator area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-100
Fan belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-101
Ride control accumulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-102
Pilot control accumulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-102
Disable parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-103
Auxiliary hydraulic pressure and flow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-105

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Stop, tail, flasher and turn signal lamps - Cab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-107
Stop, tail, flasher and turn signal lamps - ROPS canopy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-110
Driving and flood lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-112
Dome lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-115
Instrument cluster lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-116
8 TROUBLESHOOTING
ALARM(S)
Seat switch alarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
9 SPECIFICATIONS
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Powertrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
Hydraulics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-6
Travel speeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-7
Machine overall dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10
Loader lift capacities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-16
Backhoe/extendahoe lift capacities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-16
Noise levels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-26
Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-27
10 ACCESSORIES
General accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION

1 - GENERAL INFORMATION
Intended use
This loader backhoe, with standard equipment and authorized attachments, is intended for general earth moving pur-
poses, handling, ditch digging, etc. Use only approved accessories and attachments designed for your machine. This
Operators Manual does not include instructions for attachments. Read the manual(s) provided with the authorized
attachment to learn safe maintenance and operation of the machine. Make sure the machine is suitably equipped for
the type of work to be performed. Contact your dealer if you have any questions concerning the use of attachments
for these machines.

All persons who will be operating this machine shall posses a valid local vehicle operating permit and/or other appli-
cable local age work permits.

Do not use this machine for any purpose or in any manner other than as described in the manual, decals, or other
product safety information provided with the machine. These materials define the machines intended use.

Consult an authorized dealer or CNH America LLC on changes, additions, or modifications that can be required for
this machine to comply with various country regulations and safety requirements. Unauthorized modifications will
cause serious injury or death. Anyone making such unauthorized modifications is responsible for the consequences.
ATTENTION: The fuel system and engine on your machine are designed and built to government emissions stan-
dards. Tampering by dealers, customers, operators, and users is strictly prohibited by law. Failure to comply could
result in government fines, rework charges, invalid warranty, legal action, and possible confiscation of the machine
until rework to original condition is completed. Engine service and/or repairs must be done by a certified technician
only!

CNH America LLC technical manuals


Manuals are available from your dealer for the operation, service, and repair of your machine. For prompt convenient
service, contact your dealer for assistance in obtaining the manuals for your machine.

Your dealer can expedite your order for Operators Manuals, Parts Catalogs, Service Manuals, and maintenance
records.

Always give the machine name, model, and product identification number (PIN) of your machine so your dealer can
provide the correct manuals for your machine.

The company is continually striving to improve its products and therefore reserves the right to make improvements
and changes when it becomes practical and possible to do so, without incurring any obligation to make changes or
additions to the equipment sold previously.

All data given in this manual is subject to production variations.


NOTICE: Operating and service messages displayed on the electronic operating panel may vary from what is shown
in the Operators Manual. Should this occur, adhere to the latest instruction on the electronic operating panel.

Dimensions and weights are approximate only and the illustrations do not necessarily show the machine in standard
condition. For exact information about any particular machine, consult your dealer.

1-1
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION

Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC)


Interference may arise as a result of addon equipment which may not necessarily meet the required standards. As
such interference can result in serious malfunction of the unit and/or create unsafe situations, you must observe
the following:
The maximum power of emission equipment (radio, telephones, etc.) must not exceed the limits imposed by the
national authorities of the country where you use the machine.
The electromagnetic field generated by the addon system should not exceed 24 V/mat any time and at any
location in the proximity of electronic components.
The addon equipment must not interfere with the functioning of the onboard electronics. Failure to comply with
these rules will render the warranty null and void.

Note to the owner


This manual contains important information about the safe operation, adjustment, and maintenance of your loader
backhoe. This manual is divided into chapters as outlined in the table of contents. Refer to the index at the end of this
manual for locating specific items about your machine. The loader backhoe conforms to current safety regulations.

Use this manual as a guide. Your machine will remain a reliable working tool as long as it is kept in working condition
and serviced properly.

DO NOT operate or permit anyone to operate or service this machine until you or the other persons have read and
understand the safety, operation, and maintenance instructions in this manual. Use only trained operators who have
demonstrated the ability to operate and service this machine correctly and safely.

The information in this manual is provided on the basis of information that was available at the time that the manual
was written. Settings, procedures, part numbers, software, and other items can change. These changes can affect
the service that is given to the machine. Ensure that you have the complete and most current information from your
dealer before you start any machine operation.

The Operators Manual is to be stored in the manual compartment equipped on this machine. Make sure this manual
is complete and in good condition. Consult your dealer to obtain additional manuals or manuals in other languages.
A safety video is included with each machine. Take the time to watch this safety video and understand its content.

Contact your dealer for any further information or assistance about your machine. Your dealer has Corporation ap-
proved service parts. Your dealer has technicians with special training that know the best methods of repair and
maintenance for your machine.

1-2
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION

Read the Operators Manual


Improper operation of this machine can cause death or serious injury. Before using the machine, make certain
that every operator
is instructed in safe and proper use of the machine.
reads and understands the manual(s) pertaining to the machine.
reads and understands all safety decals on the machine.
clears the area of other persons and domestic animals.
learns and practices safe use of machine controls in a safe, clear area before operating this machine on a job site.

It is your responsibility to observe pertinent laws and regulations and follow CNH America LLC instructions on machine
operation and maintenance.

Manual storage
Keep the Operators Manual and the safety video in the
storage compartment provided on the loader backhoe.
The Operators Manual and safety video must be avail-
able for use by all operators.

RCPH09TLB001AAF 1

1-3
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION

Identification numbers
Record the machine and part identification numbers. If needed, give these numbers to your dealer when you need
parts or information for your machine. Keep a record of these numbers and your Manufacturers Statement of Origin
in a safe place. If the machine is stolen, report the numbers to your local law enforcement agency.
Machine identification
Model name

PIN

Model year

The PIN plate is located on the left-hand side beneath the


pivot for the loader lift cylinder. The PIN is 17 characters
long.
NOTE: Hoses removed for illustration clarity. RCPH09TLB007AAF 1

NOTE: The PIN is also stamped on the chassis.

RCPH10TLB325AAF 2

Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS)

RCPH09TLB002AAF 3

Engine - Mechanical (580N)

The PIN plate is on the oil pan.

RCPH10TLB407AAF 4

1-4
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION

Engine - HPCR (580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN)

The PIN plate is on the valve cover.

RCPH10TLB325AAF 5

Transmission

RCPH09TLB004AAF 6

Front drive axle (4WD)

RCPH10TLB394AAF 7

Rear axle

RCPH09TLB006AAF 8

1-5
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION

Hydraulic pump
Not shown

Control valve
Not shown

Loader bucket
Not shown

Bucket type

PIN

Backhoe bucket
Not shown

Bucket type

PIN

1-6
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION

Component Identification

RCPH10TLB008FAF 1

1. Loader bucket 6. Backhoe bucket


2. Bucket cylinders 7. Stabilizer (shown in transport position)
3. Cab 8. Fuel tank and operators step
4. Boom 9. Loader lift cylinder
5. Dipper (Extendahoe shown) 10. Lift arm support strut

1-7
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION

Right, left, front and rear of the machine


The terms right-hand and left-hand, when used in this manual, indicate the right and left sides of the machine as seen
from the operators seat.

RCPH09TLB002FAF 1

1. Left 3. Front
2. Right 4. Rear

1-8
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

2 - SAFETY INFORMATION
Safety rules and signal word definitions

Personal safety

This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal injury hazards. Obey all
safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible death or injury.

Throughout this manual and on machine decals, you will find the signal words DANGER, WARNING, and CAUTION
followed by special instructions. These precautions are intended for the personal safety of you and those working
with you.

Read and understand all the safety messages in this manual before you operate or service the machine.

DANGER indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. The
color associated with DANGER is RED.

WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
The color associated with WARNING is ORANGE.

CAUTION, used with the safety alert symbol, indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result
in minor or moderate injury. The color associated with CAUTION is YELLOW.

FAILURE TO FOLLOW DANGER, WARNING, AND CAUTION MESSAGES COULD RESULT


IN DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.

Machine safety
NOTICE: Notice indicates a situation which, if not avoided, could result in machine or property damage. The color
associated with Notice is BLUE.

Throughout this manual you will find the signal word Notice followed by special instructions to prevent machine or
property damage. The word Notice is used to address practices not related to personal safety.

Information
NOTE: Note indicates additional information which clarifies steps, procedures, or other information in this manual.

Throughout this manual you will find the word Note followed by additional information about a step, procedure, or
other information in the manual. The word Note is not intended to address personal safety or property damage.

2-1
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Proposition 65

RCIL08CCH001EAA 1

2-2
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Safety rules - General

Understand that your safety and the safety of other workers or bystanders is measured by how you service and oper-
ate this machine. Know the positions and operation of all controls before you try to operate. CHECK ALL CONTROLS
IN A SAFE AREA BEFORE STARTING YOUR WORK.

READ THIS MANUAL COMPLETELY and make sure you understand the controls. All equipment has a limit. Make
sure you understand the speed, brakes, steering, stability, and load characteristics of this machine before you start
to operate.

Most accidents involving machine operation and maintenance can be avoided by following basic safety rules and
precautions. Read and understand all the safety messages in this manual, the safety manual, the safety decals
on the machine, and the safety video before you operate or service the machine. See your dealer if you have any
questions.

The safety information given in this manual does not replace safety codes, insurance needs, or federal, state, and
local laws. Make sure your machine has the correct equipment according to these rules or laws.

CNH America LLC is continuing to work for your safety by making loader backhoes with better protection and by
providing rules for safe operation.

Do not rush. Walk, do not run. Wear the seat belt to maximize the protection capa-
bility of the cab or ROPS. Inspect the mounting bolts
Dirty or slippery steps, ladders, walkways and plat-
for the seat belt and the ROPS, if equipped, on a daily
forms can cause falls. Make sure these surfaces re-
basis to ensure their integrity.
main clean and clear of debris.
Do not permit riders on the machine or attachments.
Wear protective equipment when appropriate. Hard
hats, protective glasses, protective shoes, gloves, re- Remove all loose objects stored in the machine. Re-
flector type vests, respirators, and ear protection are move all objects which do not belong in or on the ma-
examples of equipment that may be required. chine and its equipment.
Certain protective equipment should be replaced and Do not operate this machine or perform maintenance
renewed upon age and wear. Old hard hats may not work if you have not had appropriate training, and read
afford the original users intention. Faded and soiled and fully understand the instructions and warnings in
vest are no longer as highly visible as original intent. this manual.
See the manufactures recommendation.

Safety rules - Air conditioning system

The air conditioning system is under high pressure. Always wear safety protection when working around
Do not disconnect any lines. The release of high pres- the liquid refrigerant. The refrigerant can cause seri-
sure can cause serious injury. ous injury to eyes and skin.
Only a trained service technician shall service, repair,
or recharge the air condition system.

2-3
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Safety rules - Basic operating

Always check the operating and the road safety of the Never operate the machine with the shields removed.
machine before starting. Always close access doors or panel before operating
Always make sure the working area is clear of other the machine.

persons, domestic animals, tools, etc. before you start Before starting the engine, be sure all operating con-
operating the machine. trols are in the neutral or park lock position.
Another worker or bystander within the operating area Start the engine only from the operators seat.
of a machine can be struck or crushed by the machine Operate controls only when seated in the operators

or its equipment. DO NOT allow anyone to enter the seat, except for those controls expressly intended for
work area. use from other locations.
Always sound horn before starting the machine. Do not allow other persons to ride on the machine or

Never operate the engine in enclosed spaces as on an attachment/implement.
harmful exhaust gases may build up. Operate and drive the machine with care and at speed

Check brakes, steering, and other machine control compatible with conditions. Use extra caution when
devices in accordance with maintenance instructions, operating over rough ground, on slopes, and when
prior to starting operation. Observe all gauges or turning.
warning instruments for proper operation. Operate all If your machine has a cab, make sure that all win-

controls to ensure proper operation. If any malfunc- dows are clean and that the windshield wipers work
tions are found, remove the key and attach a Do Not correctly.
Operate tag on the machine until the malfunction is
corrected. Dust, fog, smoke, etc., can decrease your vision and
cause an accident. Stop the machine or decrease the
If a failure that causes loss of control such as steering, speed until you can see.
service brakes, or engine occurs, stop the machine
motion as quickly as possible. Make sure the machine Understand the machine limitations and keep the ma-
is securely parked. Remove the key and attach a Do chine under control.
Not Operate tag on the machine until the malfunction Before you operate at night, check that all lamps illu-
is corrected or the machine can be safely towed. minate.
WARNING Select a gear that will prevent excessive speed when
going downhill. Do not coast downhill.
Escaping fluid!
Hydraulic fluid or diesel fuel leaking un- DO NOT attempt to remove material from any part of
der pressure can penetrate the skin and the machine while it is being operated or components
cause infection or other injury. To prevent are in motion.
personal injury: Relieve all pressure be- When using the backhoe:

fore disconnecting fluid lines or perform-
ing work on the hydraulic system. Before Position the stabilizer pads for maximum stability.
applying pressure, make sure all connec- Install a guard rail and warning signs to keep other
tions are tight and all components are in persons away from the machine if operating in an
good condition. Never use your hand to area with reduced visibility, such as a building.
check for suspected leaks under pressure.
Use a piece of cardboard or wood for this Place the direction control lever and the transmis-
purpose. If injured by leaking fluid, see sion in neutral and apply the parking brake before
your doctor immediately. turning the operators seat around to the backhoe
Failure to comply could result in death or position.
serious injury. Ensure the seat is locked into position.
W0178A

Know which control pattern is engaged before ac-


tuating the hydraulics (pilot control machines only).
Make sure all components are in good condition and Use caution when swinging the backhoe com-
tighten all connections before starting the engine or pletely to the side to prevent contact with the
pressurizing the system. stabilizers.
Make sure all guards and shields are in good condi-
tion and properly installed before operating machine.

2-4
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Before leaving the vehicle: WARNING


Park the vehicle on a hard, level surface. Some components may continue to run
Put all controls in neutral or park lock position. down after disengaging drive systems.
Make sure all drive systems are fully
Engage the parking brake; use wheel chocks if re-
disengaged.
quired.
Failure to comply could result in death
Lower all hydraulic equipment, attachments/imple- or serious injury.
W0113A
ments or tools, to the ground.
Shut down the engine and remove the key. Disengage all drive systems.
In a rare circumstance when the engine must be run- Put the transmission in neutral.
ning without an operator in the cab, take these pre- Apply the parking brake.

cautions:
Reduce engine speed to low idle.

Safety rules - Battery

Follow manufacturers instructions when storing and Frozen electrolyte can cause the battery to explode.
handling batteries. Do not charge a frozen battery or use a frozen battery
to booster start the machine. Always keep the battery
Always wear eye protection when working with a bat-
at full charge to prevent the electrolyte from freezing.
tery.
Do not create sparks or have open flame near the WARNING

battery. Battery acid causes burns. Batteries con-


Do not weld, grind, or smoke near a battery. tain sulfuric acid.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing.
Ventilate when charging or using a battery in an en-
Antidote (external): Flush with water. An-
closed area.
tidote (eyes): flush with water for 15 min-
When disconnecting the battery terminals, remove the utes and seek medical attention immedi-
negative (-) cable first; then remove the positive (+) ca- ately. Antidote (internal): Drink large quan-
ble. When connecting the battery terminals, connect tities of water or milk. Do not induce vom-
the positive (+) cable first; then connect the negative iting. Seek medical attention immediately.
(-) cable. Failure to comply could result in death or
Disconnect the battery (both terminals) before welding serious injury.
W0111A

on any part of the machine. Failure to do so may


cause damage to sensitive electrical components. For
additional welding precautions, refer to page 7-7. Keep batteries out of reach of children and other unau-

When using auxiliary batteries or connecting booster thorized persons.
cables to start the engine, use the procedure shown Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories con-

in this manual. DO NOT short across terminals. tain lead and lead compounds. Wash hands after han-
When working around storage batteries, remember dling.
that all of the exposed metal parts are live. Never lay
a metal object across the terminals because a spark,
short circuit, explosion, or personal injury may result.

2-5
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Safety rules - Electrical storm safety

Do no operate machine during an electrical storm. If an electrical storm should strike during operation, re-
If you are on the ground during an electrical storm, main in the cab. Do not leave cab or operators plat-

stay away from machinery and equipment. Seek shel- form. Do not make contact with the ground or objects
ter in a permanent, protected structure. outside the machine.

Safety rules - Fire or explosion prevention

Leaked or spilled fuel/oil on hot surfaces or electrical cleaning of the machine may be necessary depend-
components can cause a fire. ing on the operating environment and conditions.
Sparks from the electrical system or engine exhaust If the machine has an oil, fuel, or hydraulic fluid leak,
can cause an explosion and fire. Before you operate always repair the leak and clean the area before op-
the machine in an area with flammable dust or vapors, erating.
use good ventilation to remove the flammable dust or Keep the cooling system clean and maintain the cor-

vapors. rect coolant level.
Engine fuel can cause an explosion or fire. Do not fill Do not store oily rags or other flammable materials on

the fuel tank with the engine running, if you are near the machine.
an open fire, or if you are welding, smoking, etc.
Inspect the electrical system for loose connections or
Do not weld or flame cut any items that contain frayed insulation. Repair or replace loose or damaged
flammable material. Clean items thoroughly with parts.
non-flammable solvent before welding or flame cut-
ting. Promptly investigate any unusual smells or odors that
may occur during operation of the machine.
Always have a fire extinguisher near or on the ma-
chine. Make sure the fire extinguisher(s) is maintained If you weld, grind, or use a cutting torch on the ma-
and serviced according to the manufacturers instruc- chine:
tions. Clean the area to be repaired.
If a fire extinguisher has been used, always recharge Disconnect or isolate the drive train controller.
or replace the fire extinguisher before operating the
machine. Keep the ground cable from the welder as near to
the work area as possible.
Do not expose the machine to flames, burning brush,
or explosives. Sparks or flame can cause the hydrogen gas in a bat-
tery to explode. To prevent an explosion:
At least once each day, and at the end of the day, re-
move all trash and debris from the machine especially Connect the negative (-) cable last.
around hot components such as engine, transmission, When connecting booster cables to start the en-
exhaust, battery, etc. More frequent cleaning of the gine, use the procedure shown in this manual.
machine may be necessary depending on the operat-
ing environment and conditions. Do not short circuit the battery posts with metal
items.
At least once each day, remove debris accumulation
around moving components such as bearings, pul- Do not weld, grind, or smoke near the battery.
leys, belts, gears, cleaning fan, etc. More frequent

2-6
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Safety rules - Fuel handling precautions

Do not smoke or permit open flames while fueling or Tighten the fuel tank cap securely. Should the fuel cap
near fueling operations. be lost, replace it only with the original manufacturers
Do not fill the fuel tank completely to the top. Allow approved cap. Use of a non-approved cap without

room for expansion. proper venting may result in pressurization of the tank.

Clean up spilled fuel immediately and dispose of con- Never use fuel for cleaning purposes.

taminated material in an environmentally correct man- Use the correct fuel grade for the operating season.
ner.

Safety rules - Hazardous chemicals

If you are exposed to, or come in contact with, haz- in the MSDS, on manufacturers containers, as well
ardous chemicals you can be seriously injured. The as the information in this manual when servicing the
fluids, lubricants, paints, adhesives, coolants, etc. re- machine.
quired for the function of the machine can be haz- Dispose of all fluids, filters, and containers in an envi-

ardous. They may be attractive and harmful to do- ronmentally safe manner according to local laws and
mestic animals as well as humans. regulations. Check with local environmental and recy-
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) provide informa- cling centers or your dealer for correct disposal infor-
tion about chemical substances within a product, safe mation.
handling procedures, first aid measures, and proce- Store fluids and filter in accordance with local laws and

dures to be taken in the event of a spill or accidental regulations. Use only appropriate containers for the
release. MSDS are available from your dealer. storage of chemicals or petrochemical substances.
Before you service the machine, check the MSDS for Keep out of reach of children or other unauthorized

each lubricant, fluid, etc. used in the machine. This persons.
information indicates the associated risks and will help
you service the machine safely. Follow the information

Safety rules - Lifting and overhead loads

Never lift loads in excess of capacity. Never enter or permit anyone to enter the area under-
neath raised equipment. Equipment and/or loads can
Carry loads in recommended positions for maximum
fall unexpectedly and crush persons underneath it.
stability.
Do not leave equipment in raised position while parked
Never use buckets, forks, etc. or other lifting, han-
or during service, unless securely supported. Hy-
dling, or digging equipment to lift persons.
draulic cylinders must be mechanically locked or sup-
Do not use raised equipment as a work platform. ported if they are left in a raised position for service or
Know the full area of movement of the machine and access.
equipment and do not enter or permit anyone to enter Buckets, forks, etc. or other lifting, handling, or dig-
the area of movement while the machine is in opera- ging equipment and its load will change the center of
tion. gravity of the machine. This can cause the machine
to tip on slopes or uneven ground.

2-7
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Load items can fall off the bucket or lifting equipment Do not lift load higher than necessary. Lower loads to
and crush the operator. Care must be taken when transport. Remember to leave appropriate clearance
lifting a load. Use proper lifting equipment. to the ground or other obstacles.
Use the recommended machine ballast and counter- Equipment and associated loads can block visibility
weighting. and cause an accident. Do not operate with insuffi-
cient visibility.

Safety rules - Maintenance precautions

Keep area used for servicing the machine clean and coolant can spray out if a cap is removed while the
dry. Clean up spilled fluids. system is hot. Allow the system to cool before remov-
ing cap. When removing a cap, turn it slowly to allow
Service machine on firm level surface.
pressure to escape before completely removing the
Do not attempt service unless trained. Refer to man- cap.
uals and experienced service personnel for help.
Engine, transmission, exhaust components, and hy-
Wear protective glasses and other required safety draulic lines may become hot during operation. Take
equipment when servicing the machine. care when servicing such components. Allow sur-
Wear gloves to protect hands when handling cables. faces to cool before handling or disconnecting hot
components. Wear protective equipment where ap-
Disconnect the battery before working on the electri- propriate.
cal system. Know the consequences of disconnecting
any electronic or computer devices. Continuous long term contact with hydraulic fluid may
case skin cancer. Avoid long term contact and wash
Do not attempt to clean, lubricate, clear obstructions, the skin promptly with soap and water.
or make adjustments to the machine while it is in mo-
tion or while engine is running. When replacing hardened pins, use a brass drift or
other suitable material between the hammer and pin.
If the engine must be in operation to make certain ad-
justments, place the transmission in neutral, apply the When welding, follow the instructions in this manual.
parking brake, place the equipment in a safe position, Always disconnect battery before welding on ma-
securely block the wheels, and use extreme caution. chine. Always wash your hands after handling battery
components.
Unsupported hydraulic cylinders can lose pressure
and drop the equipment causing a crushing hazard. Keep the brakes and steering systems in good oper-
Do not leave equipment in a raised position while ating condition.
parked or during service, unless securely supported. Replace all missing, illegible, or damaged safety
Shut down the engine, remove the key, and relieve signs. Keep all safety signs clean.
the pressure before disconnecting or connecting fluid Install guards and shields after servicing the machine.
lines.
Close all access doors and install all panels after ser-
Shut down the engine and remove the key before dis- vicing the machine.
connecting or connecting electrical components.
Always make sure working area is clear of tools, parts,
Replace damaged or worn tubes, hoses, electrical other persons, and domestic animals before you start
wiring, etc. operating the machine.
Scalding can result from incorrect removal of coolant
caps. Cooling system operates under pressure. Hot

2-8
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Safety rules - Mounting and dismounting

Face the machine when mounting and dismounting. Do not use the steering wheel or other controls or ac-
Mount and dismount the machine only at designated cessories as hand holds when entering or exiting the

locations that have hand holds, steps, or ladders. cab or operators platform.

Maintain a three-point contact with steps, ladders, and Make sure steps, ladders, and platforms remain clean

hand holds. and clear of debris and foreign substances. Injury may
result from slippery surfaces.
Do not jump off the machine.
Never mount or dismount from a moving machine.

Safety rules - Operator precautions

Continuous long term contact with hydraulic fluid may flector type vests, respirators, and ear protection are
cause skin cancer. Avoid long term contact and wash examples of equipment that may be required.
the skin promptly with soap and water. Walk around the work area before you start and look

Know and understand the job site traffic flow patterns for hazards. Note and avoid all hazards and obstruc-
and obey signalmen, road signs, and flagmen. tions such as ditches, underground lines, trees, cliffs,
overhead electrical wires, or areas where there is dan-
Know and use the hand signals required for particular
ger of a slide.
jobs, and know who has the responsibility for signal-
ing. Refer to page 2-33. Do not operate the machine if you do not feel well.
This can be dangerous for you and for the people
Know and understand that job site conditions may
around you.
change on an hourly basis. Hills of dirt, debris, or ob-
structions may grow and change from the time you Do not operate the machine while under the influence
began the day. It is your responsibility to monitor the of alcohol, drugs, or while otherwise impaired.
changes and keep the machine, tools, and attach- OSHA requirements make it the employers respon-

ments/implements, etc. a safe distance. sibility to fully instruct each operator in the proper
Keep clear of moving parts. Loose clothing, jewelry, and safe operation of all operative equipment. Both
watches, long hair, and other loose or hanging items employer and employee should thoroughly familiarize
can become entangled in moving parts. themselves with this manual and the safety video.
Wear protective equipment when appropriate. Hard
hats, protective glasses, protective shoes, gloves, re-

2-9
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Safety rules - Specific precautions to this machine

Keep the load or tool as low as possible while moving Release all hydraulic pressure before servicing the
the machine around the work site. machine.
Adjust the rear window before actuating the backhoe You must know which circuits have accumulators and
hydraulics. The rear window could come into contact how to release pressure properly.
with the control lever.
Always use the lift arm support strut when servicing
Pilot control machines are equipped with two backhoe the machine with lift arms up.
control patterns. You must know which pattern the
machine is in, before operating the machine (actuating
the hydraulics).

Safety rules - Transporting precautions

Comply with local laws and regulations. Lock the brake pedals together when roading to pro-
vide equalized brake application.
Use appropriate lighting as defined by local regula-
tions. A rotating beacon is recommended. Lift implements and attachments high enough above
ground to prevent accidental contact with road.
Make sure the slow moving vehicle (SMV) and/or
speed indicator symbol (SIS) is visible. Be aware of overhead structures or power lines and
make sure the machine and/or attachments can pass
Never transport the machine without the backhoe in
safely under.
the transport position with the swing lock pin installed.
Travel speed should be such that complete control
Incorrect towing procedures can cause accidents.
and machine stability is maintained at all times.
When towing a disabled machine, follow the proce-
dure in this manual. Use only rigid tow bars. Slow down and signal before turning.
When absolutely necessary to tow the machine, do Pull over to allow faster traffic to pass.
not exceed the recommended towing speed. Be sure Use approved drawbar and/or attachment point, (if

the towing machine has sufficient braking capacity to equipped), if using your machine to tow another ma-
stop the towed load. If the towed machine cannot chine. If a cable or chain is used, keep people away
be braked, a towbar must be used or two towing ma- from the tow line.
chines must be used - one in front pulling and one in
the rear to act as a brake. Avoid towing over long dis- Follow correct towing procedure for equipment with or
tances. without brakes.

2 - 10
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Safety rules - Utility precautions

During operation it is likely that you will be working Water Blue


around or near buried utility lines which may include, Sewer Green/Brown
but are not limited to: Proposed excavation White
Electrical power line Surveying Pink
Reclaimed water and slurry Purple
Gas line
Water line Make sure the machine has sufficient clearance to
Communication line - telephone or cable television pass in all directions. Pay special attention to over-

head power lines and hanging obstacles. High volt-
Sewer line age lines may require significant clearance for safety.
When digging or using ground engaging equipment, Contact local authorities or utilities to obtain safe clear-
be aware of buried cables and other services. Con- ance distances from high voltage power lines.
tact your local utilities or authorities, as appropriate, Retract raised or extended components, if necessary.
to determine the locations of services. Remove or lower radio antennas or other accessories.
In U.S.A. and Canada call one of many One Call Sys- Should contact occur between the machine and an
tem Director services. If you do not know the local electric power source, the following precautions must
number, call the national number (U.S.A. and Canada be taken:
only): 1-888-258-0808. This number will direct you to Stop the machine movement immediately.
the state or regional utility that assists with excavation
activity. Apply the parking brake, shut down the engine,
and remove the key.
After locating any buried utility lines, carefully dig a
hole by hand and/or automatic vacuum equipment to Check if you can safely leave the cab or your ac-
the utility line to verify the location and depth of the tual position without contact with electrical wires.
line. If not, stay in your position and call for help. If
you can leave your position without touching lines,
Where applicable, know the utility color code. jump clear of the machine to make sure you do not
make contact with the ground and machine at the
Electric Red same time.
Gas, oil, or petroleum Yellow
Communication, telephone, Orange Do not permit anyone to touch the machine until
television power has been shut off to the power lines.

Safety rules - Wheels and tires

DANGER Tires are heavy. Handling tires without the proper


equipment could cause death or serious injury.
Explosion hazard!
Welding to a wheel can create an explo- Make sure tires are correctly inflated. Do not exceed
sive air and gas mixture. Removing air recommended load or pressure. Follow instructions in
from the tire or loosening the tire on the this manual for proper tire inflation.
wheel (breaking the bead) will NOT elimi- Always have a qualified tire technician service the tires
nate the hazard. ALWAYS remove the tire and wheels. If a tire has lost all pressure, take the tire
completely from the wheel before welding. and wheel to a tire shop or your dealer for service. Ex-
Failure to comply will result in death or se- plosive separation of the tire can cause serious injury.
rious injury.
D0033A

2 - 11
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Ductile iron
Before you weld, cut, or drill holes on any part of this machine, make sure the part is not cast ductile iron. See your
dealer if you do not know if a part is cast ductile iron. The following are cast ductile iron parts:
two wheel drive steering link
dump links
front axle
stabilizers
extendable dipper
swing tower
bucket linkage

Unauthorized modifications to cast ductile iron parts can cause injury or death. Welding, cutting, or drilling can cause
cast ductile iron to break. Do not weld, cut, or drill to repair or to attach items to cast ductile iron parts on this machine.

Operator protective structure


DANGER
Crushing hazard!
DO NOT operate the machine with the Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS) removed. Remove the
ROPS only for service or replacement.
Failure to comply will result in death or serious injury.
D0032A

Your machine is equipped with a ROPS (cab or canopy) protective structure.

A ROPS label is fastened to the protective structure and shows the ROPS PIN, the gross weight, approval, regulation,
and model numbers of the machine.

The protective structure is a special safety component of your machine.

DO NOT attach any device to the protective structure for pulling purposes. DO NOT drill holes into the protective
structure.

After an accident, fire, tip over, or roll over, the following MUST be performed by a qualified technician before
returning the machine to field or job side operation:
The protective structure MUST be replaced.
The mounting or suspension for the protective structure, operators seat and suspension, seat belt and mounting
components, and wiring within the protective structure MUST be carefully inspected for damage.
All damaged parts MUST be replaced.

DO NOT WELD, DRILL HOLES, ATTEMPT TO STRAIGHTEN, OR REPAIR THE PROTECTIVE STRUCTURE. MOD-
IFICATION IN ANY WAY CAN REDUCE THE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF THE STRUCTURE WHICH COULD
CAUSE DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY IN THE EVENT OF FIRE, TIP OVER, ROLL OVER, COLLISION, OR ACCI-
DENT.

Seat belts are part of the protective system and must be worn at all times. The operator must be held to the seat
inside the frame in order for the protective system to work.

2 - 12
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Seat belt
WARNING
Roll-over hazard!
Securely fasten the seat belt. Your machine is equipped with a Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS)
cab, ROPS canopy, or ROPS frame for your protection. The seat belt can help ensure your safety if it
is properly used and maintained. Never wear a seat belt loosely or with slack in the belt system.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0143A

Seat belts must be worn at all times.

Keep seat belts in good condition.


Keep sharp edges and items that can cause damage away from the belts.
Periodically check belts, buckles, retractors, tethers, slack take-up system, and mounting bolts for damage.
Replace all parts that have damage or wear.
Replace belts that have cuts that can make the belt weak.
Check that bolts are tight on the seat bracket or mounting.
If belt is attached to seat, make sure seat or seat brackets are mounted securely.
Keep seat belts clean and dry.
Clean belts only with soap solution and warm water.
Do not use bleach or dye on the belts, because this can make the belts weak.

Fasten/release
1. Pull the right-hand belt strap from the retractor.
2. Insert the metal end into the latch mechanism of the
left-hand side of the seat.

RCPH10TLB155AAF 1

3. To release, press the red button on the latch mecha-


nism. The seat belt will automatically retract.

RCPH10TLB156AAF 2

2 - 13
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Safety decals
Make sure that you read all the safety decals and all instructional decals. The decals are intended for the personal
safety of you and those working with you. Please take this manual, walk around your machine and note the content
and location of the decals. Review the decals with all machine operators.
NOTE: Some decal locations may vary slightly between various model configurations.

It is the owners/operators responsibility to keep the decals legible. When you clean the decals, use only a cloth,
water, and soap. Do not use solvent, gasoline, etc.

You must replace a decal if the decal is damaged, missing, or cannot be read. If a decal is on a part that is replaced,
make sure the decal is on the new part. Part numbers are on the decal. See your dealer for new decals.

Operator instruction

RCPH10TLB190AAF 1
Front console

RCIL10TLB002EAF 2
Machines without ride control

RCIL10TLB001EAF 3
Machines with ride control

2 - 14
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Read operators manual

RCPH10TLB151AAF 4 RCIL10TLB009AAF 5

Right console

Explosion hazard, ether


NOTE: Machines with grid heater only.

RCPH10TLB328AAF 6
Frame, left-hand

RCIL10TLB014BAF-2 7

2 - 15
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Explosion and run over hazard, booster start

RCPH10TLB426AAF 8
Battery compartment/operators step, right-hand

RCIL10TLB005BAF 10
RCPH10TLB094AAF 9
Chassis, inside, right-hand

Do not start in gear/start only from operators seat

RCPH10TLB094AAF 11 RCIL10TLB008AAF 12

Chassis, inside, right-hand

2 - 16
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Entanglement hazard

RCPH10TLB327AAF 13 RCIL10TLB016AAF 15

Chassis frame, left-hand

RCPH10TLB129AAF 14
Chassis frame, right-hand

2 - 17
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Hot liquid under pressure hazard

RCPH10TLB327AAF 16
Chassis frame, left-hand

RCIL10TLB004BAF 17

2 - 18
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Fuel under pressure


NOTE: Machines with HPCR engine only.

RCPH10TLB324AAF 18 RCIL10TLB029AAF-2 20
Chassis frame, left-hand

RCPH10TLB326AAF 19
Chassis frame, right-hand

Pressurized system
NOTE: Machines with ride control only.

RCPH10TLB108AAF 21 RCIL10TLB012AAF 22

Mounting bracket for ride control

2 - 19
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Do not jump/use seat belt

RCPH10TLB335AAF 23
C-post, also on A-post (not shown)

RCIL10TLB002BAF 24

Do not pressure wash


NOTE: Machines with cab only.

RCPH10TLB329AAF 25 RCIL10TLB030AAF-2 26
Outside frame, left-hand, B-post

2 - 20
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Do not modify ROPS or FOPS

RCPH10TLB323AAF 27 RCIL10TLB011AAF 28

ROPS canopy/cab frame, inside, above operator

Crush hazard, loader arm

RCPH10TLB114AAF 29 RCIL10TLB014AAF 30

Support strut for loader lift arm

RCPH10TLB095AAF 31 RCIL10TLB015AAF 32

Frame, right-hand side, below loader lift arm

2 - 21
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Rollover, crush hazard

RCPH10TLB128AAF 33 RCPH10TLB436AAF 34

Backhoe control column, mechanical control

RCPH10TLB135AAF 35
Left-hand backhoe control tower, pilot control

RCIL10TLB001BAF 36

2 - 22
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Crush hazard, backhoe

RCPH10TLB170AAF 37
Rear frame, inside cab, left-hand side

RCIL10TLB004EAF 38

2 - 23
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Not a step/exit
NOTE: Machines with ROPS canopy only.

RCPH10TLB127AAF 39
Rear frame, one on each side

RCIL10TLB008BAF 40

Compressed spring

RCPH10TLB134AAF 41 RCIL10TLB007AAF 42

Operators seat, support post

2 - 24
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Operate backhoe from operators seat only

RCPH10TLB128AAF 43 RCIL10TLB023AAF 44

Backhoe control tower, mechanical control, with


standard dipper

RCPH10TLB175AAF 45 RCIL10TLB024AAF 46

Backhoe control tower, mechanical control, with


extendahoe

RCPH10TLB151AAF 47 RCIL10TLB023AAF 48

Right-hand console, pilot control

2 - 25
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Parking brake

RCPH10TLB151AAF 49
Right-hand console

RCIL10TLB007BAF 50

Two backhoe control patterns


NOTE: Machines with pilot control only.

RCPH10TLB137AAF 51 RCIL10TLB021AAF 52

Backhoe control tower, right-hand

2 - 26
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Before adjusting rear windows


NOTE: Machines with pilot control only.

RCPH10TLB121AAF 53
Rear frame, left-hand

RCIL10TLB006BAF 55
RCPH10TLB122AAF 54
Rear frame, right-hand

2 - 27
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Bucket and hydraulic coupler decals


Crush hazard

RCPH10TLB117AAF 1
4 in 1 bucket, left-hand side

RCIL10TLB012BAF 2

Pinch point

RCPH10TLB117AAF 3 RCIL10TLB025AAF 4

4 in 1 bucket, left-hand side, beneath crush hazard


decal

2 - 28
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Keep out from under loader/attachments

RCPH10TLB117AAF 5
4 in 1 bucket, rear, left-hand

RCIL10TLB011BAF 6

2 - 29
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Read manual for attachment

RCPH10TLB118AAF 7 RCIL10TLB026AAF 9

4 in 1 bucket, rear, center

RCPH10TLB123AAF 8
Hydraulic coupler, rear, center

2 - 30
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Do not use hands to find hydraulic leaks/relieve pressure before disconnecting lines

RCPH10TLB118AAF 10
4 in 1 bucket, rear, center

RCIL10TLB009BAF 11

Safety instructions

RCPH10TLB118AAF 12 RCIL10TLB032AAF 13

4 in 1 bucket, rear, center, equipped with hydraulic


coupler

2 - 31
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Fully engage latch pins before operating/keep others clear

RCPH10TLB123AAF 14 RCIL10TLB033AAF 15

Hydraulic coupler, rear, center

2 - 32
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Hand signals
When operating the machine, never attempt to carry out tasks calling for fine control or work in areas where visibility
is poor without seeking the assistance of a signalman. Make sure that both you and the signalman understand the
signals that will be used.

Start the engine Move away from me


Wave hands forward and rearward with palms out

RCIL09TLB011BAF 1 RCIL09TLB006BAF 2

Stop the engine Go this far

RCIL09TLB023BAF 3 RCIL09TLB009BAF 4

Come to me All stop and hold


Wave hands forward and rearward with palms in

RCIL09TLB005BAF 5 RCIL09TLB007BAF 6

2 - 33
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Stop Lower load or bucket


Wave one hand back and forth

RCIL09TLB019BAF 7 RCIL09TLB021BAF 8

Emergency stop Raise load or bucket slowly


Wave both hands back and forth

RCIL09TLB024BAF 9 RCIL09TLB008BAF 10

Raise load or bucket Lower load or bucket slowly

RCIL09TLB020BAF 11 RCIL09TLB022BAF 12

2 - 34
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Turn machine left Dump loader bucket


To stop machine movement, stop moving hand and
make a fist

RCIL09TLB015BAF 13
RCIL09TLB003BAF 14

Turn machine right Raise backhoe boom


To stop machine movement, stop moving hand and
make a fist

RCIL09TLB016BAF 15 RCIL09TLB010BAF 16

Roll back loader bucket Lower backhoe boom

RCIL09TLB012BAF 18
RCIL09TLB004BAF 17

2 - 35
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Backhoe dipper in Backhoe bucket dump

RCIL09TLB014BAF 19 RCIL09TLB018BAF 20

Backhoe dipper out Retract telescopic dipper (HED), if fitted

RCIL09TLB017BAF 21 RCIL09TLB002BAF 22

Backhoe bucket dig Extend telescopic dipper (HED), if fitted

RCIL09TLB013BAF 23

RCIL09TLB001BAF 24

2 - 36
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

Do Not Operate hang tag


Before you start servicing the machine, attach a Do Not
Operate warning tag to the machine. Attach the tag in an
area that is easily visible.

RH99E029 1

2 - 37
2 - SAFETY INFORMATION

2 - 38
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS
ACCESS TO OPERATORS PLATFORM

Machine access
Face the machine when mounting and dismounting.

Do not use the steering wheel or other controls or acces-


sories as hand holds when entering or exiting the cab or
operators platform.

Push down on the door latch lever to open door.

RCPH10TLB333AAF 1

OPERATORS SEAT

Operator seat
Standard pedestal seat
Seat height:

Lift the lever to move the seat up or down. Release the


lever and ensure the seat is locked in position.

RCPH10TLB133AAF 1

Swivel:

Lift the lever to rotate between the normal


driving/loader operation position and the
backhoe operation position.

RCPH10TLB133AAF 2

3-1
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Forward/rearward:

Lift the lever to move the seat forward or


rearward. Release the lever and ensure the
seat is locked in position.

RCPH10TLB133AAF 3

Suspension seat (mechanical or air)


Swivel:

Lift the lever to rotate between the normal


driving/loader operation position and the
backhoe operation position.

RCPH10TLB433AAF 4

Forward/rearward:

Lift the lever to move the seat forward or


rearward. Release the lever and ensure the
seat is locked in position.

RCPH10TLB433AAF 5

Backrest tilt:

Located on the left-hand side of the seat. Lift the lever


to tilt the seat backrest. Release the lever to lock the
backrest in position.

RCPH10TLB171AAF 6

3-2
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Height/weight:
NOTE: Mechanical suspension seat only.

Use the hand crank on the knob. Turn the knob clockwise
to increase the seat height and suspension firmness. Turn
counter-clockwise to decrease the seat height and sus-
pension firmness.

RCPH10TLB172AAF 7

Ride firmness adjustment:


NOTE: Air suspension seat only.

Turn the knob counter-clockwise for a firmer


ride. Turn to the mid-point for travel.

RCPH10TLB432AAF 8

Seat height:
NOTE: Air suspension seat only.

Press the top of the switch to raise the seat.

Press the bottom of the switch to lower the


seat.

RCPH10TLB431AAF 9

3-3
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Lumbar adjustment:

Turn the wheel down (clockwise) to increase lumbar sup-


port. Turn the opposite direction (counter-clockwise) to
decrease lumbar support.

RCPH10TLB173AAF 10

Armrest adjustment:

A knob is located on each armrest. Turn the knob clock-


wise to raise the armrest. Turn counter-clockwise to lower
the armrest.

The armrests may be folded completely up or completely


down. The low or bottom armrest position may be ad-
justed to tip up.

RCPH10TLB174AAF 11

3-4
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

FORWARD CONTROLS

Front console - Left-hand switch panel


Comfort Steer, if equipped:

The rocker switch is momentary and springs


back to center when released. Press the
emblem end to enable Comfort Steer. The
emblem illuminates. Press the opposite end to
disable Comfort Steer. The emblem no longer
illuminates.

NOTE: Comfort Steer is only available when the trans-


mission is in 1st or 2nd gear. Comfort Steer automatically
disengages if the key switch is placed in the OFF position,
the machine loses electrical power, or the operator places
the machine in 3rd or 4th gear. RCPH10TLB340AAF 1

Front wiper:

Three position rocker switch. Press the


emblem once (center) to turn the front wiper to
low. Press the emblem again to turn the front
wiper to high. Press the opposite end all the
way to turn off the front wiper.

RCPH10TLB340AAF 2

Front windshield washer:

Press and hold the emblem end of the rocker


switch to activate the front windshield washer.
Release to stop the front windshield washer.

RCPH10TLB340AAF 3

Loader quick coupler, if equipped:

Press the left emblem of the rocker switch to


disconnect the coupler.

Press the right emblem to connect (couple)


to the attachment.

RCPH10TLB340AAF 4

3-5
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Auto/manual shift, if equipped:

Powershift H-type transmissions only. Press


the emblem end of the rocker switch to
engage auto shift. Press the opposite end to
disengage auto shift.

RCPH10TLB340AAF 5

3-6
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Front console - Right-hand switch panel


Front work lights:

Press the emblem end of the rocker switch


to activate the front work lights. Press the
opposite end to turn off the front work lights.

RCPH10TLB338AAF 1

Hazard flasher lights:

Press the emblem end of the rocker switch to


activate the hazard (flashing) lights. Press the
opposite end to turn off the hazard lights.

RCPH10TLB338AAF 2

Rotating beacon, if equipped:

Press the emblem end of the rocker switch to


activate the beacon light. Press the opposite
end to turn off the beacon light.

RCPH10TLB338AAF 3

NOTE: The two remaining switch place holders are not used at this time.

3-7
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Steering column
Direction control lever
The direction control lever is on the left-hand side of
the steering column and controls the direction of travel
for the machine.
The center position (N) is neutral. Make sure the di-
rection control lever is in Neutral before you start the
engine or before you operate the backhoe.
The top position (F) is forward. To travel forward, lift
the lever and push completely forward.
The bottom position (R) is reverse. To travel in re-
verse, lift the lever and pull completely rearward.

RCPH10TLB112AAF 1

Horn, light, and turn signal control lever


The control lever is on the right-hand side of the steering
column and activates the horn, driving lamp switch, and
the turn signals.

Horn:

Push the control lever away from you to


activate the horn. Release to deactivate the
horn.

Driving lights:

Pull the control lever towards you to turn on


the driving lights. Push the control lever back RCPH10TLB163AAF 2
(returned to previous position) to turn off the
driving lights.

Turn signals:

Push the control lever up to signal a left


turn. The left turn signal indicator lamp is
illuminated. Push the control lever down
to signal a right turn. The right turn signal
indicator lamp is illuminated. Place the control
lever in the center position to turn off (cancel)
the turn signal for any direction.

NOTE: The turn signal does not self-cancel after you have
completed the turn. You must return the control lever to
the center position to turn off the turn signal.

3-8
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Turn signal display


When a turn signal direction is selected from the control
lever, the corresponding green lamp in the display illumi-
nates.

RCPH10TLB141AAF 3

1. Illuminates when the left turn signal is activated.


2. Illuminates when the right turn signal is activated.

Steering wheel tilt lever, if equipped


Pull the lever up toward the operator to adjust the steering
wheel. Release the lever when the desired position is
reached. Gently pull and/or push on the steering wheel
to confirm the steering wheel is locked into position.

RCPH10TLB164AAF 4

3-9
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Gear selector
NOTICE: Transmission is declutched when the parking brake is engaged.

Manual transmission
The transmission shift lever (1) is located to the right of
the steering column. Press the clutch cutout button (2)
before you shift (change gear). Release the clutch cutout
button to engage the clutch after shifting.

RCPH10TLB111AAF 1

Powershift S-type transmission


For machines with the Powershift S-type transmission, the
gear selection control is located on the direction control
lever on the left-hand side. To select a gear, rotate the
hand grip to align the number indicator mark on the control
lever. The machine will stay in the gear selected until the
operator changes the section. The operator may select
gears without stopping the machine.

RCPH10TLB352AAF 2

Powershift H-type transmission


For machines with the Powershift H-type transmission,
the gear selection control is located on the direction con-
trol lever on the left-hand side. To select a gear, rotate the
hand grip to align the number indicator mark on the con-
trol lever. The operator may select gears without stopping
the machine.

Use the auto/manual mode button on the left-hand side of


the front console to enable or disable automatic mode.

RCPH10TLB353AAF 3

3 - 10
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Kickdown control
NOTE: Powershift S-type or Powershift H-type transmis-
sions only.
Kickdown is used to increase digging force. The kickdown
control lets the operator temporarily switch from 2nd gear
to 1st gear, without changing the gear selection control
setting. Press the button at the end on the control lever to
shift from 2nd to 1st gear. Press the button again to shift
up to 2nd gear.
NOTE: For Powershift H-type transmissions, kickdown
control is available in manual or automatic mode.
NOTE: A button for kickdown control is also provided on
the loader control lever.

RCPH10TLB351AAF 4

3 - 11
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Pedal controls
Left service brake pedal:

When the service brake pedals are unlocked, as shown,


press the left pedal to help turn the machine to the left.

RCPH10TLB147AAF 1

Right service brake pedal:

When the service brake pedals are unlocked, as shown,


press the right pedal to help turn the machine to the right.

RCPH10TLB147AAF 2

NOTE: Lock the service brake pedals for uniform braking


and maximum stopping ability.
Electronic foot throttle:

Push down on the foot throttle to increase the engine


speed. Release the foot throttle to decrease the engine
speed.

RCPH10TLB147AAF 3

3 - 12
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

RH SIDE CONTROLS

Loader functions
Bucket control, 4 in 1 bucket only:

The bucket control switch opens or closes the bucket. An


illustration of the different functions are provided on the
decal and explained below.

The bucket control switch can also be adjusted to activate


a detent position for specific attachments or working con-
ditions.

RCPH10TLB337AAF 1

Roll the switch upward to open the bucket (1).


Release the switch to stop.

Roll the switch downward to close the bucket


(2). Release the switch to stop.

RCIL10TLB031AAF-2 2

Clutch cutout:

The clutch cutout button lets the engine


increase speed and supply the loader with
more hydraulic oil for greater loader power
and faster control function. When you push
the clutch cutout button, the transmission is
disengaged from the drive wheels. Release
the clutch cutout button to engage the
transmission power. The machine can move
freely when the clutch cutout button is pushed.
If required, use the service brake to stop the
machine.
RCPH10TLB337AAF 3

3 - 13
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Transmission kickdown:

Powershift S-type or Powershift H-type transmissions


only.

Kickdown is used to increase digging force. The kickdown


control lets the operator temporarily switch from 2nd gear
to 1st gear, without changing the gear selection control
setting. Press the kickdown button to shift from 2nd to 1st
gear. Press the button again to shift up to 2nd gear.
NOTE: For powershift H-type transmissions, kickdown
control is available in manual or automatic mode.
NOTE: A button for kickdown control is also provided on RCPH10TLB337AAF 4

the gear selection/direction control lever on the steering


column.
Differential lock:

The differential lock button engages or


disengages the differential lock. To engage
the differential lock, ensure that neither rear
wheel is spinning freely and press and hold
the button. Release the button to disengage
the differential lock.

RCPH10TLB337AAF 5

Joystick controls
The loader control lever works as a joystick to perform lift
arm and bucket functions. An illustration of the different
functions are provided on the decal and explained below.
Neutral:

The joystick is at center (not pushed or pulled


in a direction of control). The loader lift arms
and the bucket stop moving when the control
lever is in the neutral (hold) position. The
joystick automatically returns to neutral when
you stop pushing the control lever in the
direction of another position (such as raise).
The float position is the only control that does
not automatically return to the neutral position.
You must manually move the control lever
from the float position to the neutral position to
stop the float control. RCIL10TLB031AAF-2 6

3 - 14
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Float:

From the neutral position, push the loader


control lever all the way forward past the lower
position to the float position. When in the float
position, the bucket can follow the level of the
ground without movement of the control lever.

To stop the float control, push the control lever


back to the neutral position.

RCIL10TLB031AAF-2 7

Lower:

From the neutral position, push the loader


control lever forward to move the lift arms
down.

RCIL10TLB031AAF-2 8

Raise:

From the neutral position, push the loader


control lever back to move the lift arms up.

RCIL10TLB031AAF-2 9

Rollback:

From the neutral position, move the control


lever to the left to roll back (curl) the bucket.

RCIL10TLB031AAF-2 10

3 - 15
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Dump:

From the neutral position, move the control


lever to the right to dump the bucket.

RCIL10TLB031AAF-2 11

Return to dig:

After the bucket is dumped, use the return to


dig feature to place the bucket in position for
another dig cycle.

Move the control lever to the rollback position


and the float position. The bucket will roll
backward until the bottom of the bucket is
level and then stops. The loader arms will
lower until the bucket reaches the ground or
you manually move the control lever to the
neutral position.
RCIL10TLB031AAF-2 12
NOTE: The seat must be locked in the loader operation
position to use the return to dig feature.

3 - 16
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Console controls
4WD, front axle:

Press the emblem end of the rocker switch


to engage the front drive axle. The emblem
illuminates. Press the opposite end to
disengage. The emblem no longer illuminates.

When the front drive axle is engaged,


operate the machine only in 1st or 2nd
gear. Disengage the front drive axle before
operating on the hard surface or in 3rd or 4th
gear.

RCPH10TLB078AAF 1

Ride control, if equipped:

To engage ride control, lower the loader


attachment (for example, bucket) to or near
the ground line and press the emblem end of
the rocker switch. The emblem illuminates.
There can be a slight loader arm drop when
ride control is engaged. Press the opposite
end to disengage. The emblem no longer
illuminates.
Ride control reduces fore and aft pitching
motion during transport and material
hauling operations, while allowing increased
productivity and operator comfort. When RCPH10TLB078AAF 2
engaged, loader down pressure is limited to
the weight of the loader and the attachment.
The weight of the attachment is hydraulically
cushioned during transport. Ride control also
reduces shock loads to the machine. Ride
control should not be used for fine grading with
the loader bucket, during backhoe operation,
or when precise placement of the loader is
required.
Parking brake:

The parking brake is a Spring Applied Hydraulic Released


(SAHR) brake. The parking brake should be applied if the
engine is stopped. The parking brake is always engaged
on startup.

At start up, cycle the switch from the park emblem to the
O emblem. Cycle the switch, regardless of the position
the switch was in at startup.

Press the top emblem of the rocker switch to


set the parking brake.
RCPH10TLB078AAF 3

Press the bottom emblem to release the


parking brake.

NOTICE: Transmission is declutched when the parking


brake is engaged.

3 - 17
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Key switch:

The key switch has four positions.


ACC - Turn the key counter-clockwise from the OFF
position to ACC, to give power to the accessories.
OFF - To shut down the engine, turn the key to the
OFF position. After the engine has stopped, remove
the key.
ON - Turn the key clockwise to the ON position. There
will be a momentary delay as the system powers up.
For example, allow two or three seconds with the key
switch at ON before cranking the engine on machines
with the advanced instrument cluster. RCPH10TLB078AAF 4

START - Turn the key completely clockwise to the


START position to actuate the starter motor. After the
engine starts, release the key. The key will return au-
tomatically to the ON position.

3 - 18
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Heating, ventilation or air-conditioning control


Inside temperature control
Air conditioning, if equipped:

Turn the knob clockwise to increase air


conditioning flow to decrease the temperature
in the cab. Turn completely clockwise
for the coldest setting. Turn completely
counter-clockwise to stop the flow.

NOTE: During some conditions, it is possible to have ice


on the air conditioning core. Ice can be caused by oper-
ating at the maximum cold setting of the air conditioning
control with the blower speed at low. It is best to oper-
ate air conditioning at the center range of the temperature
control with the blower speed at medium or high. If ice RCPH10TLB078AAF 1
does block the core, you will feel a reduction of air flow in
the cab. Close the recirculation grille, turn the tempera-
ture control to off and run the blower at high speed. An-
other cause of ice can be a restricted air filter in the cab.
Blower:

Turn the knob clockwise to increase the air flow


in the cab. Turn completely counter-clockwise
to stop the flow.

RCPH10TLB078AAF 2

Heater:

Turn the knob clockwise to increase heater


flow to increase the temperature in the cab.
Turn counter-clockwise to decrease flow.

RCPH10TLB078AAF 3

3 - 19
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Air circulation control


The air louvers in this cab are adjustable and can be com-
pletely closed. Move the two bars in each louver to the
center to stop air flow. Move each bar outward to start
enable flow.
Defrost:

There are two louvers in the front of the cab and two in
the rear of the cab. To get maximum air flow, close the
recirculation grille in the center of the cab and the two main
louvers by the center posts.

RCPH10TLB349AAF 4

Main:

The two louvers by the B-posts are used to direct the flow
of air for heating and cooling.

RCPH10TLB349AAF 5

Recirculation grille:

The grille between the main louvers is used for recircula-


tion of the cab air. To get maximum pressure in the cab,
close the recirculation grille. To get maximum heat in the
winter and maximum cooling in the summer, open the re-
circulation grille.

RCPH10TLB349AAF 6

3 - 20
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Lower vents:

These vents are used to direct the flow of air for heat-
ing and cooling. To get maximum air flow from the lower
vents, close the overhead louvers and the recirculation
grille.
Front of the cab, center

RCPH10TLB088AAF 7

Rear of cab, side console

RCPH10TLB089AAF 8

3 - 21
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Side windows
The front and rear side windows can be opened for oper-
ator comfort.
Release latch:

Push the tab to release the window (shown closed).

RCPH10TLB086AAF 9

Hold open rod:

Secures the window in the partial open position, as


shown. Place the hold open rod in the stored position
when not in use.

RCPH10TLB085AAF 10

Hold together latches:

Secures the window in the fully open position. Release


the window (1) and then press the hold together latch (2)
to fully open the window.

RCPH10TLB331AAF 11

3 - 22
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

The opposite end (1) of the hold together latch will connect
with the receiving end (2) of the hold together latch for the
other window.

RCPH10TLB330AAF 12

Ensure the windows are securely latched together.

RCPH10TLB332AAF 13

3 - 23
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Rear windows
WARNING
Unexpected machine movement!
Turn off the backhoe control system before
adjusting the windows.
Failure to comply could result in death or se-
rious injury.
W0181A

The rear windows in the cab have four positions:


All closed - Top window up and bottom window halfway
up.
Top window up and bottom window full down.
Top window halfway down and bottom window full
down.
Both windows full down.
Use the window handles to raise or lower the rear win-
dows. A handle is at each side of the window. Press
down on the handles and move the window up or down
as needed. Ensure the window locks into place.

RCPH10TLB335AAF 14

3 - 24
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Instrument cluster
NOTE: 580N machines with manual (powershuttle) transmission only.

Indicator/warning lamps
Driving lights:

Indicator lamp. Illuminates when the driving


lamp switch is in the ON position.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 1

Air conditioning system pressure:

Indicator lamp. Illuminates when the air


conditioner has stopped due to refrigerant
pressures that are too high.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 2

Parking brake:

Indicator lamp. Illuminates when the parking


brake is set.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 3

Low engine oil pressure:

Warning lamp. Illuminates when, with the


engine running, there is no or low oil pressure
in the engine. Do not run the engine when this
lamp illuminates. A continuous audible alarm
will sound when this condition exists.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 4

3 - 25
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Alternator:

Warning lamp. Illuminates when, with the


engine running, the alternator is not charging
the battery.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 5

Hydraulic filter:

Indicator lamp. Illuminates when, with the


engine running, the hydraulic filter is restricted
and requires service.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 6

Air filter restriction:

Warning lamp. Illuminates when, with the


engine running, the air filter element is
restricted and requires service. Replace the
primary and secondary filters when this lamp
illuminates.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 7

Engine pre-heat:

Indicator lamp. Illuminates when, with the


key switch in the ON position, the incoming
engine air needs to be pre-heated due to cold
temperatures. Wait until the lamp goes off
before turning the key switch to the START
position.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 8

3 - 26
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Low fuel level:

Warning lamp. Illuminates when the fuel level


is low.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 9

Gauges and meters


Engine coolant temperature:

Indicates the coolant temperature of the


engine. The temperature of the coolant is
normal when the gauge needle is in the green
area of the gauge. When the gauge needle
goes into the red area, a continuous audible
alarm will sound. Stop the engine and check
the level of the coolant in the coolant reservoir,
check for debris on the radiator/oil cooler,
and/or check for a thermostat that does not
operate correctly.
RCPH10TLB278AAF 10

Oil temperature, torque converter:

Indicates the oil temperature of the torque


converter. The temperature of the oil is normal
when the gauge needle is in the green area of
the gauge. When the gauge needle goes into
the red area, move the direction control lever
to the neutral position and run the engine at
full throttle. If this procedure does not reduce
the temperature of the oil, check the oil level
and check for obstruction in the radiator and
oil cooler.
RCPH10TLB278AAF 11

Tachometer:

Shows the engine speed in revolutions per


minute (RPM). Each tick mark on the gauge
is equal to 1000 RPM. It is recommended that
the engine be run in the green area of the
gauge.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 12

3 - 27
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Engine hour meter:

Shows the hours the engine has run. The digit all the way
to the right shows tenths of an hour.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 13

Voltmeter:

Indicates the condition of the electrical system.


The electrical system voltage is normal when
the gauge needle is in the green area of the
gauge ( 11 - 15.3 V) when the key switch is in
the ON position. When the gauge needle is in
the lower red area, the charge of the battery
is too low or the alternator is not charging
enough. Damage to the battery can result if
this condition continues.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 14

Fuel level:

Indicates the level of fuel in the machine.


When the fuel level is low, the low fuel level
warning light also illuminates.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 15

3 - 28
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Advanced instrument cluster


NOTE: The AIC is only available for 580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines or 580N machines with Powershift S-type
transmission. Not all AIC functionality may be applicable for your machine.

The vehicle controller, engine controller, and electronic transmission controller, if equipped, on the machine monitors
machine functions and controls. The control modules also activate warning lamps and audible alarms and display
information on the AIC display.
NOTICE: Before starting the machine, turn the key switch to the ON position and wait two seconds before turning the
key switch to the START position. The two second delay is required as it allows the engine controller time to power
up before engine cranking is allowed.

Indicator/warning/danger lamps
Machine fault:

Warning lamp. Illuminates when a


machine fault (vehicle, engine, or electronic
transmission controller) has been detected. A
one second audible alarm will sound per key
cycle.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 1

Driving lights:

Indicator lamp. Illuminates when the driving


lamp switch is in the ON position.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 2

Low engine oil pressure:

Warning lamp. Illuminates when, with the


engine running, there is no or low oil pressure
in the engine. Do not run the engine when this
lamp illuminates. A continuous audible alarm
will sound when this condition exists.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 3

3 - 29
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Stop engine:
NOTICE: Always stop the machine and shut down the
engine whenever this lamp illuminates.

Danger lamp. Illuminates with a continuous


audible alarm when a critical condition is
detected by the vehicle controller, engine
controller, or electronic transmission controller,
if equipped.

Examples of critical conditions:


engine coolant temperature is too high.
engine oil pressure is too low or too high. RCPH10TLB138AAF 4

transmission oil pressure is too low.


transmission oil temperature is too high.

Alternator:

Warning lamp. Illuminates when, with the


engine running, the alternator is not charging
the battery.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 5

Parking brake:

Indicator lamp. Illuminates when the parking


brake is set.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 6

Air filter restriction:

Warning lamp. Illuminates and a one second


audible alarm sounds when, with the engine
running, the air filter element is restricted and
requires service. Replace the primary and
secondary filters when this lamp illuminates.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 7

3 - 30
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Hydraulic filter:

Warning lamp. Illuminates when, with the


engine running, the hydraulic filter is restricted
and requires service.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 8

Air conditioning system pressure:

Indicator lamp. Illuminates when the air


conditioner has stopped due to refrigerant
pressures that are too high.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 9

Engine pre-heat:

Indicator lamp. Illuminates when, with the


key switch in the ON position, the incoming
engine air needs to be pre-heated due to cold
temperatures. Wait until the lamp goes off
before turning the key switch to the START
position.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 10

Low fuel level:

Warning lamp. Illuminates and a one second


audible alarm sounds when the fuel level is
low.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 11

3 - 31
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Gauges and meters


Engine coolant temperature:

Indicates the coolant temperature of the


engine. The temperature of the coolant is
normal when the gauge needle is in the green
area of the gauge. When the gauge needle
goes to the end of the red area (last tick mark),
a continuous audible alarm will sound. Stop
the engine and check the level of the coolant
in the coolant reservoir, check for debris on
the radiator/oil cooler, and/or check for a
thermostat that does not operate correctly.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 12

Oil temperature, torque converter:

Indicates the oil temperature of the torque


converter. The temperature of the oil is normal
when the gauge needle is in the green area
of the gauge. When the gauge needle goes
to the end of the red area (last tick mark), a
continuous audible alarm will sound.

When the gauge needle goes into the red


area, move the direction control lever to the
neutral position and run the engine at full
throttle. If this procedure does not reduce the
temperature of the oil, check the oil level and RCPH10TLB138AAF 13
check for obstruction in the radiator and oil
cooler.
Tachometer:

Shows the engine speed in revolutions per


minute (RPM). Each tick mark on the gauge
is equal to 1000 RPM. It is recommended that
the engine be run in the green area of the
gauge.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 14

Voltmeter:

Indicates the condition of the electrical system.


The electrical system voltage is normal when
the gauge needle is in the green area of the
gauge ( 11 - 15.3 V) when the key switch is in
the ON position. When the gauge needle is in
the lower red area, the charge of the battery
is too low or the alternator is not charging
enough. Damage to the battery can result if
this condition continues.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 15

3 - 32
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Fuel level:

Indicates the level of fuel in the machine.


When the fuel level is low, the low fuel level
warning light also illuminates.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 16

Display screen
In addition to the indicator/warning lamps, the vehicle con-
trol module displays information on the display screen.
The menu screens can also be used to program machine
functionality and perform diagnostics and troubleshooting.

RCPH10TLB138AAF 17

Use the two rocker switches on the side console to move


through the menu screens.
Escape (1) - Return to the previous top menu or es-
cape back to the main screen.
Enter (2) - Select specific display screens or store
screen-defined configuration settings to memory.
Up arrow (3) - Move backward through the menu
screens.
Down arrow (4) - Move forward through the menu
screens.

RCPH10TLB140AAF 18

Main (engine hour):

On start up, shows the main screen graphic along with the
machine hours.

RCPH10TLB194AAF 19

3 - 33
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

FNR sensitivity:
NOTE: Machines with Powershift S-type or Powershift
H-type transmissions only.

Displays and lets you specify the sensitivity setting for For-
ward/Neutral/Reverse shift.

RCIL10TLB035AAF 20

Display dimmer/brightness:

Displays and lets you specify the incremental value for


the screen brightness. Four bars are maximum screen
brightness.

RCPH10TLB196AAF 21

Service interval:

Lets you specify what service interval, when reached,


displays on the screen at key up.
Heavy service hours: 500 to 1000 hours at 100 hour
increments.
Light service hours: 50 to 500 at 50 hour increments.
NOTE: The screen displays --- if no service interval is
specified.

RCPH10TLB198AAF 22

Stored fault code:

Lets you access stored fault code information to view re-


ported error codes, the number of occurrences, and time
of last occurrence.

RCPH10TLB199AAF 23

3 - 34
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Engine pre-heat presence:

Displays and lets you specify activation of the engine pre-


heat system. The system is on select or deselect.
NOTE: If the machine is not equipped with a grid heater,
a diagonal line appears on the screen.

RCPH10TLB200AAF 24

Engine speed:
NOTE: Machines with HPCR engine only.

Lets you access the Idle Increment screen to adjust the


cold start idle and maximum throttle values for special op-
erating conditions.

RCPH10TLB201AAF 25

Machine hardware:

Displays machine hardware information.

RCPH10TLB422AAF 26

Machine software:

Displays machine software information.

RCPH10TLB421AAF 27

3 - 35
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Brake enabled idle:


NOTE: Machines with HPCR engine only.

Displays and lets you specify activation of the brake en-


abled idle feature (shown on).

RCPH10TLB204AAF 28

Throttle sensitivity:
NOTE: Machines with HPCR engine only.

Displays and lets you specify the sensitivity setting for the
electronic hand throttle, where 1 is least aggressive and 3
is most aggressive. Operators can change the electronic
throttle sensitivity for working conditions or personal pref-
erence.

RCPH10TLB195AAF 29

3 - 36
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

REARWARD CONTROLS

Console controls
The rearward console is next to the instrument cluster on the right-hand side of the machine.
NOTE: When using the rearward console, the seat will be turned around so that the operator faces the backhoe and
the controls will be by the operators left-hand.

Hand throttle
NOTICE: Only use the hand throttle to control engine
speed for backhoe operations.
Electronic throttle control:
NOTE: Not available for 580N machines.

Turn the dial clockwise to increase engine speed. Turn


counter-clockwise to decrease engine speed. When the
foot throttle is used and released, the engine will default
to the speed at which this throttle control is set.
NOTE: The hand throttle is disallowed (uncaptured)
whenever the seat is turned. If the brake enabled idle
feature is active, the hand throttle is also disallowed when
either brake pedal is pressed. In both cases, return the
hand throttle dial to the idle position to restore (recapture)
the hand throttle. RCPH10TLB336AAF 1

Mechanical throttle control:


NOTE: 580N machines only.

Push the handle outward to increase engine speed. Pull


the handle back toward the inside of the machine to de-
crease engine speed.

RCPH10TLB364AAF 2

Switch/button operations
Rear and side work lights:

Three position rocker switch. Press the


emblem end once (center) to activate the rear
work lights only. Press the emblem end again
to activate the side work lights (rear work lights
remain on). Press the opposite end all the
way to turn off the rear and side work lights.

RCPH10TLB336AAF 3

3 - 37
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Rear wiper:

Three position rocker switch. Press the


emblem end once (center) to turn the rear
wiper to low. Press the emblem end a second
time to turn the rear wiper to high. Press the
opposite end all the way to turn off the rear
wiper.

RCPH10TLB336AAF 4

Rear window washer:

Press and hold the emblem end of the rocker


switch to activate the rear window washer.
Release to stop the rear window washer.

RCPH10TLB336AAF 5

Power lift, if equipped:


NOTE: Not available for 580N machines.

The rocker switch is momentary and springs


back to center when released. Press the
emblem end of the rocker switch to activate
power lift. The power lift image appears in the
AIC display screen. Press the emblem end
again to turn off power lift.

If power lift will not engage, a slash appears


through the image in the display screen and
an audible alarm sounds. Ensure that the
RCPH10TLB336AAF 6
engine is warm, the direction control lever is
in neutral, and the operators seat is locked
in the backhoe operation position. If it still
does not engage, troubleshoot the electronic
throttle system.

3 - 38
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Horn:
580N machines: Press and hold the emblem end of
the rocker switch to activate the horn. Release to de-
activate the horn. The switch returns to the off position.

RCPH10TLB364AAF 7

580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines: Push and hold


the button to activate the horn. Release to deactivate
the horn.

RCPH10TLB336AAF 8

Auxiliary hydraulics control, if equipped:

Machines with dual auxiliary hydraulics only. The auxiliary


hydraulic switch enables power for the selected hydraulic
flow only. For example, if the switch is enabled for bi-di-
rectional control, the uni-directional controls (such as the
foot pedal) are disabled. Once the switch is enabled, use
the auxiliary hydraulic control for the attachment as nor-
mal.

Press the top emblem to enable bi-directional


auxiliary hydraulics. Use the auxiliary
hydraulic control (lever or buttons) for the
attachment as normal. RCPH10TLB336AAF 9
Press the bottom emblem of the rocker switch
to enable uni-directional auxiliary hydraulics.
Use the auxiliary hydraulic control (pedal or
button) for the attachment as normal.
Backhoe quick coupler, if equipped:

Press the top emblem of both rocker switches


to disengage or retract the backhoe quick
coupler pins.
Press the bottom emblem of both rocker
switches to engage or extend the backhoe
quick coupler pins.

RCPH10TLB336AAF 10

3 - 39
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Backhoe controls - Mechanical


Backhoe controls with foot swing

RCPH10TLB128AAF 1

1. Control levers, left or right stabilizer


2. Control levers, bucket, boom, or dipper
3. Release lever, backhoe boom latch
4. Control pedals, swing

3 - 40
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Example: Backhoe controls with foot swing

RCPH10TLB006GAF 2

1. Left swing 4. Dipper


2. Stabilizers, left and right 5. Boom
3. Bucket 6. Right swing

3 - 41
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Example: Backhoe controls with foot swing and extendahoe

RCPH10TLB005CAF 3

1. Left swing 5. Boom


2. Stabilizers 6. Right swing
3. Bucket 7. Extendahoe
4. Dipper

Backhoe controls with hand swing

RCPH10TLB175AAF 4

1. Control levers, boom and swing or bucket and dipper


2. Control levers, left or right stabilizer
3. Control pedal, extendable dipper (if equipped)

3 - 42
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Example: Backhoe controls with hand swing

RCPH10TLB001GAF 5

1. Boom and swing 3. Right stabilizer


2. Left stabilizer 4. Bucket and dipper, right

3 - 43
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Example: Backhoe controls with hand swing and extendable dipper

RCPH10TLB002GAF 6

1. Boom and swing 4. Bucket and dipper


2. Left stabilizer 5. Extendable dipper
3. Right stabilizer

3 - 44
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Auxiliary hydraulic controls


Control pedal, uni-directional control

RCPH10TLB115AAF 7

Control lever, bi-directional control

RCPH10TLB177AAF 8

3 - 45
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Backhoe controls - Pilot


WARNING
Unexpected machine movement!
Pilot controls have two different backhoe controls patterns; before operating the machine, check
which control function is active.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0185A

Left control tower


Backhoe control lever:
Control pattern #1 - Controls the boom and swing func-
tions.
Control pattern #2 - Controls the dipper and swing
functions.
NOTE: The control pattern switch illuminates when pat-
tern #2 is enabled. The control pattern switch is located
on the right control tower.

RCPH10TLB135AAF 1

Uni-directional auxiliary hydraulics:

On/off button.

RCPH10TLB179AAF 2

Bi-directional auxiliary hydraulics:

Proportional control buttons.

RCPH10TLB179AAF 3

3 - 46
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Horn:

Push and hold the button to activate the horn. Release to


deactivate the horn.

RCPH10TLB179AAF 4

Wrist rest:

Turn the knob counter-clockwise and reposition the left


wrist rest. Turn clockwise to tighten in position.

RCPH10TLB135AAF 5

Tower tip:

Located on the backhoe side of the tower. Turn the knob


counter-clockwise and tip the upper part of the left tower.
Turn clockwise to lock in position.

RCPH10TLB176AAF 6

Stabilizers:

Push the switch forward to lower the stabilizer. Pull rear-


ward to raise the stabilizer.

Stabilizer auto up function: Pull the switch all the way


back, momentarily past the detent position. Release the
switch and the stabilizer automatically raises to the full up
(transport) position. To cancel auto up, push the switch
up or down.
NOTICE: Lower both the right and the left stabilizers at
the same time.
RCPH10TLB135AAF 7

1. Left stabilizer control


2. Right stabilizer control

3 - 47
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Right control tower


Backhoe control lever:
Control pattern #1 - Controls the dipper and bucket
functions.
Control pattern #2 - Controls the boom and bucket
functions.
NOTE: The control pattern switch illuminates when pat-
tern #2 is enabled. The control pattern switch is located
on the right control tower.

RCPH10TLB136AAF 8

Extendahoe controls, if equipped:


Extend - Push and hold the button to extend the dipper.
Release to stop.

RCPH10TLB076AAF 9

Retract - Push and hold the button to retract the dipper.


Release to stop.

RCPH10TLB076AAF 10

NOTE: The extendahoe control buttons are proportional.


Push the button harder to increase the speed of extend
or retract.
Engine idle:

Push to the button to reduce engine speed to idle. Push


again to restore engine speed.

RCPH10TLB076AAF 11

3 - 48
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Tower adjustment handles:

The left and the right towers can be moved forward or


rearward for operator comfort. Squeeze the handles to-
gether and adjust as necessary. Release the handles to
secure the towers in the desired position.

RCPH10TLB137AAF 12

Wrist rest:

Turn the knob counter-clockwise and reposition the right


wrist rest. Turn clockwise to tighten in position.

RCPH10TLB137AAF 13

Tower tip (not shown):

Located on the backhoe side of the tower. Turn the knob


counter-clockwise and tip the upper part of the right tower.
Turn clockwise to lock the tower tip in position.
Backhoe and stabilizer control switch:

Press the emblem end of the rocker switch to activate


all backhoe controls.
Press the opposite end to turn off only the backhoe
hydraulic controls.
Place the switch in the center (neutral) position to ac-
tivate only the stabilizer controls.
NOTE: When turning the pilot control switch to the ON po-
sition, wait approximately half a second before activating
the stabilizers, extendahoe (if equipped), or bi-directional
auxiliary hydraulics (if equipped). If an operator attempts RCPH10TLB077AAF 14
to operate the functions before the delay passes, the func-
tions will not operate. Cycle the power switch and wait for
the delay to pass.

3 - 49
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

Backhoe control pattern switch:

Lets the operator select the backhoe control pattern. To


change the switch position, push the orange locking tab
up towards the center of the switch to release the lock.
NOTE: To prevent accidental switching of the patterns,
use two hands to change the switch position.

For information on the functions controlled by the two pat-


terns, refer to the decal on the tower and/or the examples
that follow.

RCPH10TLB077AAF 15

Example: Backhoe control pattern #1

RCPH10TLB125AAF 16 RCPH10TLB006BAF 17

1. Boom and swing 2. Dipper and bucket

Example: Backhoe control pattern #2

RCPH10TLB125AAF 18 RCPH10TLB157AAF 19

1. Dipper and swing 2. Boom and bucket

3 - 50
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

OVERHEAD CONTROLS

Dome light
The dome light switch has three positions:
Auto On - Dome light illuminates only when the door
is opened. The light turns off when the door is closed.
Off - Dome light remains off.
On - Dome light illuminates continuously.

RCPH10TLB350AAF 1

3 - 51
3 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS

3 - 52
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
COMMISSIONING THE UNIT

Run in period of a new machine


During the first 20 hours of operation (new machine or after an engine rebuild), make sure you:
Operate the machine with normal loads for the first 8 hours.
Do not work the engine hard at stall speeds (wheels slowly turning or stopped and the engine running at full
throttle).
Keep the engine at normal operating temperature.
Do not run the engine at idle speeds for long periods of time.

Engine speed
It is recommended that you run the engine at full throttle when operating conditions permit and when safe.

Do not run the engine at idle speed for long periods. This can cause a low operating temperature. Low operating
temperature can cause acids and deposits in the engine oil.

4-1
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

STARTING THE UNIT

Before starting the engine


WARNING
Inhalation/asphyxiation hazard!
Make sure there is proper ventilation before starting the engine.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0091A

WARNING
Hazard to bystanders!
Make sure the area surrounding the machine is clear of all persons before starting the engine.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0090A

WARNING
Unexpected machine movement!
Before starting the engine, be sure all controls are in neutral or disengaged. This prevents the acci-
dental start up of power-driven equipment.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0169A

NOTICE: If the machine has not been run for several weeks, prime the turbocharger lines with oil. For detailed in-
structions refer to page 7-95.

Starting for the first time


Before you start the engine for the first time:
Make sure the machine is properly lubricated and greased. Refer to the maintenance section of this manual.
Check the engine oil level, engine coolant level, and transmission oil. Refer to the maintenance section of this
manual.
Check that the machine fuel tank is filled with clean fuel that meets the specifications provided in this manual.
Remove any water or sediment from the water separator of the fuel tank.
Check the tire air pressure and the wheel bolt torque.

At the start of each day


Adjust the position of the seat so that all controls may be moved through their entire range of motion.
Fasten the seat belt.
In the loader operation position, confirm that you are able to push the brake pedals all the way to the end of pedal
action, while sitting with the seat belt fastened.
In the backhoe operation position, confirm that you are able to reach all backhoe control levers and switches and
the throttle control. Confirm you can move all necessary controls through their entire range of motion.

4-2
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Normal engine starting


1. Make sure the seat is facing forward (in the loader operation position).
2. Adjust the seat and fasten the seat belt.
3. Make sure the parking brake is applied, the direction control lever is in neutral, and the engine hand throttle is
pushed back to the idle position.
4. Turn the key switch to the ON position and wait two to three seconds for the instrument cluster (standard or ad-
vanced) to self-check and power up.
5. If the machine is equipped with an engine pre-heating system, wait for the engine pre-heat lamp to turn off.
6. Push the foot throttle 1/4 down and turn the key switch to the START position to actuate the starter motor.
7. If the engine starts and stops, do not actuate the starter motor again until the starter motor stops turning.
NOTE: Do not operate the starter motor more than 30 seconds at one time. Let the starter motor cool for two minutes
before you actuate the starter motor again. While the starter motor is engaged, white or black smoke must be seen
at the exhaust pipe. If no smoke is seen, check the fuel supply.

8. After the engine starts:


A. Check the instrument cluster to make sure the gauge indications are correct.
B. Run the engine at 1000 RPM until the coolant temperature is warm.

4-3
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Cold temperature operation


Cold weather conditions cause special problems. During these conditions, your machine will require special attention
to prevent serious damage. Cold weather maintenance will extend the service life of your machine.

To start and operate your machine during cold ambient temperatures, observe the following recommendation/instruc-
tions.

Battery and electrical components:


Ensure the batteries are at full charge.
If you add water to the batteries, charge the batteries or run the engine for approximately two hours to prevent
battery freezing in ambient temperatures below 0 C (32 F).
Inspect the battery cables and terminals. Clean and coat each terminal with a corrosion prevention product.

Engine:
Use engine oil with the correct viscosity for the ambient temperature range.
Allow longer warm up periods to bring the machine and components up to operating temperature.
WARNING
Explosion hazard!
DO NOT use ether starting fluid. Explosion, death, serious personal injury, or serious engine dam-
age could occur.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0148B

Pre-heat system, if equipped. Turn the key switch to the ON position, the engine pre-heat lamp illuminates as the
heater conditions indrawn air. Wait for the lamp to stop illuminating before starting the engine. If the engine fails
to start after two attempts, allow the battery to recover for 4 to 5 minutes before repeating the procedure.

Fuel system:
Check with your dealer for the correct cold water fuel.
Check for water in the fuel system. Inspect the water separator every 50 hours of operation. If water is found,
check the fuel tank.
Fill the fuel tank after each operating day to prevent condensation in the fuel tank and water entering the fuel
system.

Cooling system
Use a mixture of 50 % ethylene glycol and 50 % water. This mixture protects the engine cooling system to -34 C
(-29 F).

Machine start up in cold weather


580N machines at temperatures below -2 C (29 F):
1. Fully open the throttle.
2. Turn the key switch to the ON position and check the instrument cluster.
3. If the machine is equipped with a pre-heat system, wait for the engine pre-heat lamp to stop illuminating.
4. Turn the key switch to the START position until the engine starts, then release the key.
NOTE: If the engine fails to start after a maximum of 30 seconds of cranking, repeat the starting procedure. Do
not operate the starting motor for more than 60 seconds.

580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines at temperatures of -15 C (5 F) or lower:


Do not wait longer than 30 seconds after the engine pre-heat lamp has stopped illuminating before cranking the
engine. If the delay is longer, the start up cycle is aborted and the process must be restarted.
The ECU limits the maximum speed of the engine to 1200 RPM until the engine is properly warmed.

4-4
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Warm up the hydraulic system


When the temperature is below 4 C (40 F) and the engine has been warmed up:
1. Leave the boom in the transport position with the swing lock pin installed.
2. If the machine is equipped with pilot controls, ensure the backhoe and stabilizer control switch is enabled for all
backhoe controls.
3. Raise the engine throttle between 1600 - 1800 RPM.
4. Place and hold the boom control in the down position.
5. While holding the boom control to the end of the levers, stroke cycle the backhoe bucket in and out.
NOTE: Watch the filter restriction indicator lamp. If the oil is too cold the lamp will illuminate while the operator
cycles the functions.
6. Cycle the functions for approximately 30 seconds.
7. Release the controls and leave the machine throttle set for approximately 15 seconds.
8. Repeat steps 5 and 6 until the filter restriction indicator lamp remains off while cycling functions.
NOTE: Immediately after the warm up procedure, the machine may operate a bit slower than normal, but will quickly
warm to normal operating speeds.

Hot temperature operation


Hot weather conditions cause special problems. During these conditions, your machine will require special attention
to prevent serious damage. Hot weather maintenance will extend the service life of your machine.

Use the correct solution of ethylene glycol and water in the cooling system.

To prevent damage to the machine:


1. Keep the coolant at the correct level in the coolant reservoir and in the radiator.
2. See your dealer and have the deaeration cap tested before hot weather starts. Replace the cap as required.
3. Clean all dirt and debris from the radiator, coolers, and engine area.
4. Check the condition of the fan drive belt.
5. Use lubricants of the correct viscosity.

4-5
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Booster battery procedure


WARNING
Explosion hazard!
If battery electrolyte is frozen, attempting to charge the battery or jump-start the engine can cause the
battery to explode. Always keep batteries at full charge to prevent frozen battery electrolyte. Never
charge a frozen battery.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0203A

WARNING
Explosive gas!
Batteries emit explosive hydrogen gas and other fumes while charging. Ventilate the charging area.
Keep the battery away from sparks, open flames, and other ignition sources. Never charge a frozen
battery.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0005A

WARNING
Battery acid causes burns. Batteries contain sulfuric acid.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Antidote (external): Flush with water. Antidote (eyes): flush
with water for 15 minutes and seek medical attention immediately. Antidote (internal): Drink large
quantities of water or milk. Do not induce vomiting. Seek medical attention immediately.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0111A

Two persons are required for this procedure. Make sure the person making the connection is wearing hand and face
protection.
1. Sit in the operators seat and have the other person
make the connections. Make sure the booster batter-
ies are 12 volt.
2. If using another machine for power, make sure the two
machines do not touch.
3. Connect the positive (+) jumper cable to the positive
(+) terminal as shown.
4. Connect the negative (-) jumper cable to the frame, as
far away as possible from the positive (+) cable.
5. Start the engine and have the other person disconnect
the negative (-) jumper cable first and the positive (+)
jumper cable last. RCPH10TLB053AAF 1

4-6
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

STOPPING THE UNIT

Shutting down the engine


1. Before you leave the machine, make sure the machine is parked on a level surface. The machine must be on
level ground before you do scheduled maintenance.
2. Lower the loader bucket to the ground.
3. Apply the parking brake and place the direction control lever in the Neutral position.
4. Run the engine at idle speed for two minutes (or more if the engine has been working at full load) to cool the engine
parts evenly.
NOTICE: Shutting down the engine when at a higher RPM than idle will damage the turbocharger.
5. Move the backhoe into the transport position or lower the backhoe bucket to the ground. Move the hand throttle
to the Idle position and stop the engine.
6. Turn the key switch to the OFF position to shut down the engine. Remove the key.

Parking on a hill
WARNING
Unexpected machine movement!
The parking brake will not prevent this machine from moving if one wheel is raised above the ground.
Before raising one wheel above the ground, always block the front and rear of the other three wheels.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0193A

NOTE: If you must temporarily park the machine on a hillside, put the front of the machine toward the bottom of the
hill. Make sure the machine is behind an object that will not move.

4-7
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

MOVING THE UNIT

Before operating the machine


WARNING
Equipment failure could cause accident or injury!
Before operating the machine, check for correct operation of steering, brakes, hydraulic controls,
instruments, and safety equipment. Make sure the transmission control lever is in the neutral position.
Make all adjustments before operating the machine.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0204A

Check the instrument panel


Turn the key switch to the on position and verify that warning/indicator lights illuminate and turn off as designed.

Test the parking and service brakes


NOTE: Review the procedures in their entirety before proceeding. Ensure you allow surplus room for machine travel.

1. To test the parking brake:


A. Ensure the operators seat is in the loader operation position and fasten the seat belt.
B. Engage the parking brake.
C. Disengage four wheel drive, if equipped.
D. Place the direction control lever in neutral and the transmission in 2nd gear.
E. Start up the engine.
F. Ensure the loader bucket, backhoe bucket, and stabilizers are raised in preparation of forward travel.
G. Press and hold the service brakes and release the parking brake.
H. Place the direction control lever in forward.
I. Release the service brakes.
J. Increase the engine speed to full throttle.
K. Travel forward approximately 8 m (26 ft).
L. Engage the parking brake. The machine should to come to a stop within 2 m (6.5 ft) of engaging the parking
brake and the transmission should declutch. Contact your dealer for service as needed.
2. To test the service brakes:
A. Move the brake pedal lock to the right to hold both pedals together.
B. Ensure the operators seat is in the loader operation position and fasten the seat belt.
C. Engage the parking brake.
D. Disengage four wheel drive, if equipped.
E. Place the direction control lever in neutral and the transmission in 2nd gear.
F. Start up the engine.
G. Ensure the loader bucket, backhoe bucket, and stabilizers are raised in preparation of forward travel.
H. Press and hold the service brakes and release the parking brake.
I. Place the direction control lever in forward.
J. Release the service brakes.
K. Increase the engine speed to full throttle.
L. When the machine is moving at full speed in 2nd gear, push the brake pedals and stop the machine. The
machine must stop smoothly and the brake pedal effort must feel firm. Contact your dealer for service as
needed.

4-8
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Uniform braking
WARNING
Loss of control hazard!
Uneven brake force exists on left-hand and right-hand brakes. To ensure uniform brake application
and maximum stopping ability, always lock the service brake pedals together when operating the ma-
chine in 3rd or 4th gear or before road travel.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0146A

The lock lever locks the two service brakes for uniform
braking.
To engage, move the lock lever up and slide the lock-
ing pin all the way to the right into the lock engaged
position, as shown.
To disengage, move the lock lever up and slide the
locking pin all the way to the left.

RCPH10TLB148AAF 1

4-9
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Transmission gears
NOTICE: Transmission is declutched when the parking brake is engaged.

The transmission is synchronized in all gears. You may shift to any gear without stopping the machine.

When shifting gears, always make sure the engine speed remains in the normal (green) area of the tachometer.

Manual transmission
Push the clutch cutout button on the shift lever before you
shift gears.

RCPH10TLB111AAF 1

Powershift S-type transmission


To select a gear, rotate the hand grip to align the number
indicator mark on the control lever.

Number on gear Transmission gear


selection control
1 1st gear, forward or reverse
2 2nd gear, forward or reverse
3 3rd gear, forward or reverse
4 4th gear, forward

RCPH10TLB352AAF 2

4 - 10
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Powershift H-type transmission


To select a gear, rotate the hand grip to align the number
indicator mark on the control lever.

Use the Auto/manual mode button on the left-hand side


of the front console to enable or disable automatic mode.

RCPH10TLB353AAF 3

In manual mode, the machine will stay in the gear selected


until the operator changes the section.

Manual mode
Number on gear Transmission gear
selection control
1 1st gear, forward or reverse
2 2nd gear, forward or reverse
3 3rd gear, forward or reverse
4 4th gear, forward

In automatic mode, the machine will reach the maximum


gear selected by the gear selection control.

Automatic mode
Number on gear Transmission gear
selection control
1 1st gear only, no automatic shifting
2 2nd gear only, no automatic shifting
3 Automatic shifting between 2nd and
3rd gear
4 Automatic shifting between 2nd, 3rd
and 4th gear

NOTE: When operating in automatic mode, some incline


and load conditions may cause the transmission to con-
stantly shift. For example shifting from 4th to 3rd and back
to 4th or shift from 3rd to 2nd and back to 3rd. If this shift-
ing occurs, downshift until the transmission discontinues
shifting between gears.
NOTE: The Powershift H-type transmission will automat-
ically engage four wheel drive to assist in braking if the
machine is in two wheel drive mode and in 3rd or 4th gear
when the service brake is pressed.

4 - 11
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Machine direction
The transmission direction control lever must be in the neutral (center) position before you can start the engine.
To travel forward, lift up the direction control lever and push completely forward.
To travel in reverse, lift up the direction control lever and pull completely rearward.
NOTE: For smooth operation, reduce the engine speed
before you change directions.

Traveling on a hill
WARNING
Driving hazard!
Hillside operations can be dangerous. Rain, snow, ice, loose gravel, or soft ground, etc. can change
the ground conditions. You must make a judgment if it is safe to operate your machine on any hillside
or ramp.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0144A

Before you operate the machine on a hill:


Always put the transmission in a lower gear and test the service brakes.
DO NOT let the machine move down the hill with the transmission in neutral.
DO NOT let the engine speed increase greater than 2500 RPM.
Use caution if you must use the clutch cutout when you are digging with the loader on a hill.

Differential lock system


The differential lock gives equal power to both rear wheels and is used in conditions where traction is poor.
NOTE: The differential lock will release automatically when the load on the axle is removed.
NOTICE: You can cause damage to the rear axle if you try to engage the differential lock when the machine is turning
or if one rear wheel is rotating faster than the other rear wheel.
If operating through a soft or muddy area:
1. Make sure that the machine is moving in a straight
direction and that one of the rear wheels is not rotating
faster than the other rear wheel.
2. Push and hold the differential lock button.
3. After you have moved through the area, release the
button.

If the machine is stuck:


1. Make sure the rear wheels are not moving.
2. Push and hold the differential lock button.
RCPH10TLB337AAF 1
3. Release the button once traction has been regained.

4 - 12
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Ride control
Ride control reduces fore and aft pitching motion during transport and material hauling operations, while allowing
increased productivity and operator comfort. Ride control also reduces shock loads to the machine.

When ride control is activated, the loader down pressure is limited to the wight of the loader and the attachment
(bucket). The weight of the loader attachment is hydraulically cushioned during transport.
NOTE: Ride control should not be used for fine grading with the loader bucket, during backhoe operation or when
precise placement of the loader is required.

Enable/disable
WARNING
Unexpected machine movement!
Stand clear of the loader arms. With ride control enabled and the key switch in the ON or ACC position,
the loader arms can drop slightly due to the hydraulic accumulator.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0177A

1. Lower the loader bucket to or near the ground line.


2. Press the emblem end of the rocker switch to enable
ride control. The emblem illuminates.
3. To disable, press the opposite end of the rocker switch.
The emblem no longer illuminates.

RCPH10TLB078AAF 1

4 - 13
4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

4 - 14
5 - TRANSPORT OPERATIONS

5 - TRANSPORT OPERATIONS
RECOVERY TRANSPORT

Towing the machine


WARNING
Loss of control!
Only tow at safe speeds. Use caution when making corners or meeting traffic.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0126A

NOTICE: Towing the loader backhoe is not recommended.


NOTICE: The loader/backhoe engine should not be started by towing the machine. The drive train components will
be damaged!

If your machine is disabled, you must make a judgement if the machine can be moved without damage. If possible,
repair the machine at the job site.

The towing machine must have power, steering, and braking ability to stop both machines. The speed at which the
disabled machine is moved must not exceed 2.4 km/h (1.5 mph).

The machines must be attached as closely as possible.

The disabled machine must be moved only far enough to reach a safe repair location or onto a trailer.

Before moving a disabled machine you must be able to answer these questions:
Does the towing machine have braking and steering capacity for both machines?
Does the towing hardware, chains, cables, have the proper capacity to move the machine safely?
Will the disabled machine have steering and braking capability?
Will moving the machine cause damage to drivetrain or moving parts that lack lubrication?

Additional considerations:
Be certain that all personnel involved are shielded in the event that towing apparatus might break.
An operator may only be allowed on the towed vehicle if it has steering and braking capability.
Always block the disabled machines wheels before releasing the brakes or drive train component.

Tow procedure - engine runs


1. Engage the parking brake.
2. Block the wheels with wheel chocks.
3. Place the transmission in neutral.
4. Place the direction control lever in neutral.
5. Place the 4wd switch in neutral, if equipped.
6. Raise all tools and attachments off the ground.
7. Attach a rigid drawbar to the disabled loader backhoe.
8. Attach the rigid drawbar to the towing machine. Make sure the towing machine has enough power and braking
ability to move and stop both machines.

5-1
5 - TRANSPORT OPERATIONS

9. Remove the wheel chocks.


10. Release the parking brake. If the parking brake will not disengage (for any reason), disable the parking brake.
Refer to page 7-103.
11. No riders! Ensure all other workers or bystanders are out of the area.
12. Tow the disabled loader backhoe a maximum speed of 2.4 km/h (1.5 mph).

Tow procedure - engine does not run


1. Block the wheels with wheel chocks.
2. Place the transmission in neutral.
3. Place the direction control lever in neutral.
4. Place the 4wd switch in neutral, if equipped.
5. Attach a rigid drawbar to the disabled loader backhoe.
6. Attach the rigid drawbar to the towing machine. Make sure the towing machine has enough power and braking
ability to move and stop both machines.
7. Disconnect the rear drive shaft (two wheel drive machines) or both the front and rear drive shafts (four wheel drive
machines).
NOTE: The loader backhoe is equipped with SAHR parking brake integrated in the transmission. The parking
remains engaged if the engine is disabled.
8. Remove the wheel chocks.
9. No riders! Ensure all other workers or bystanders are out of the area.
10. Tow the disabled loader backhoe a maximum speed of 2.4 km/h (1.5 mph).

5-2
5 - TRANSPORT OPERATIONS

Transporting on a trailer
WARNING
Transport hazard!
The machine can slip or fall from a ramp or trailer. Make sure the ramp and trailer are not slippery.
Remove all oil, grease, ice, etc. Move the machine on or off the trailer with machine centered on the
trailer or ramp.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0152A

NOTE: The machine shown may be different from your machine. The procedure is the same.

You must know the rules or laws for safety that are used in each area that you will be in. Make sure that the truck and
trailer are equipped with the correct safety equipment.
Load the loader backhoe onto a trailer:
1. Park on a level surface.
2. Put a block at the front and rear of the trailer wheels.

RCPH10TLB056AAF 1

3. Put the backhoe in transport position.


4. Fasten the seat belt, shift the transmission to 1st gear,
and slowly drive the machine onto the trailer.
5. Lower the loader bucket onto the trailer, shift the di-
rection control lever to neutral, and apply the parking
brake.
6. Release the backhoe from the transport position.
7. Lower the backhoe bucket or attachment to the floor
of the trailer.
8. Place the transmission in neutral.
9. Shut down the engine and remove the key.
10. Put a block at the front and rear of each tire of the
loader backhoe.
11. If equipped, make sure all windows are completely
closed and secured.
NOTICE: Wind pressure can break the window latches
or glass.

5-3
5 - TRANSPORT OPERATIONS

12. Use chains and binders to fasten the machine to the


trailer. Use the machine tie down locations.
Side chassis (both sides):

RCPH10TLB071AAF 2

Backhoe (both sides):

RCPH10TLB062AAF 3

13. Measure the distance from the ground to the highest


point of the machine. You must know the clearance
height of the machine.
14. After you have driven a few miles, stop the truck and
trailer and check your load. Make sure the chains are
still tight and that the loader backhoe has not moved
on the trailer.
Unload the loader backhoe from a trailer:
1. Remove the chains and blocks from the loader back-
hoe.
2. Fasten the seat belt.
3. Start the engine.
4. Put the backhoe in the transport position or raise the
backhoe bucket or attachment off of the trailer floor.
5. Raise the loader bucket off of the trailer floor.
6. Shift the transmission to 1st gear, release the parking
brake, and drive slowly off the trailer.

5-4
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

6 - WORKING OPERATIONS
GENERAL INFORMATION

FNR shift sensitivity


NOTE: Machines with Powershift S-type or Powershift H-type transmissions only.
Change FNR shift sensitivity:
1. Press Enter (2) to access the menu screens.
2. Press the up arrow (3) or the down arrow (4) to navi-
gate through the menu screens.

RCPH10TLB140AAF 1

3. When the FNR Shift Sensitivity screen displays, press


Enter. The setting bar flashes.
4. Press the up arrow or the down arrow to adjust the
setting, where 1 is least aggressive and 3 is most ag-
gressive.
5. Press Enter to save the selection.

RCIL10TLB035AAF 2

6. Use the arrows to navigate to a different menu screen


or press Escape (1) until you return the main screen
(engine hour meter).

RCPH10TLB140AAF 3

6-1
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Display brightness
NOTE: Machines equipped with the AIC only.
Adjust the brightness of the AIC display:
1. Press Enter (2) to access the menu screens.
2. Press the up arrow (3) or the down arrow (4) to navi-
gate through the menu screens.

RCPH10TLB140AAF 1

3. When the Instrument Cluster Dimmer screen displays,


press Enter.

RCPH10TLB196AAF 2

4. Press Enter to access the setting screen.


5. Press Enter again. The setting bar flashes.
6. Press the up arrow or the down arrow to adjust the
screen brightness.
7. Press Enter to save the selection.

RCPH10TLB197AAF 3

8. Press Escape (1) to return to the Instrument Cluster


Dimmer screen.
9. Use the arrows to navigate to a different menu screen
or press Escape until you return the main screen (en-
gine hour meter).

RCPH10TLB140AAF 4

6-2
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Maximum throttle/Cold start idle


NOTE: Machines with HPCR engine only.

The Idle Increment (engine speed) menu lets the operator configure the cold start idle and/or the maximum engine
throttle settings.
NOTE: The settings do not reset at key cycle.
Cold start idle - Sets the minimum engine speed (up
to 1500 RPM) that the engine idles while cold. For
example, if set to 1500 RPM, the cold engine will idle
at that RPM until the engine warms to the cold start idle
temperature specified in the vehicle control module
(VCM).

RCPH10TLB424AAF 1

Maximum throttle - Sets the maximum engine speed


during operation. The engine will not exceed this
speed.

RCPH10TLB423AAF 2

1. Press Enter (2) to access the menu screens.


2. Press the up arrow (3) or the down arrow (4) to navi-
gate through the menu screens.

RCPH10TLB140AAF 3

6-3
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

3. When the Idle Increment screen displays, press Enter.

RCPH10TLB201AAF 4

4. Press the up arrow or the down arrow until the cold


start idle or the maximum throttle screen appears.
5. Press Enter. The setting flashes.
6. Press the up arrow or the down arrow to adjust the
setting.
7. Press Enter to save the setting.
8. Press Escape (1) until you return to the Idle Increment
screen.
9. Press the up arrow or the down arrow to adjust another
setting, or press Escape to return to the Idle Increment
screen.
10. Use the arrows to navigate to a different menu screen
or press Escape until you return the main screen (en-
gine hour meter).

RCPH10TLB140AAF 5

6-4
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Brake enabled idle


NOTE: Machines with HPCR engine only.
NOTE: Electronic hand throttle operation only.

Brake enabled idle disallows (uncaptures) the electronic hand throttle when the hand throttle is above idle and either
brake pedal is pressed. The hand throttle is disallowed whenever the seat is turned around (regardless of whether
the brake enabled idle feature is turned on). Return the hand throttle dial to the idle position to restore (capture) the
hand throttle.

The Brake Enabled Idle Selection screen lets the operator turn off the brake enabled idle feature so that pressing the
brake pedal will not disallow the hand throttle.
NOTE: The brake enabled idle features returns to the on setting by default at the next key cycle.
Disable the brake enabled idle feature:
1. Press Enter (2) to access the menu screens.
2. Press the up arrow (3) or the down arrow (4) to navi-
gate through the menu screens.

RCPH10TLB140AAF 1

3. When the Brake Enabled Idle Selection screen dis-


plays, press Enter. The menu screen flashes.

RCPH10TLB204AAF 2

4. Press Enter to deselect the brake enabled idle feature.


The display screen changes to indicate the feature is
disabled.

RCPH10TLB205AAF 3

6-5
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

5. Use the arrows to navigate to a different menu screen


or press Escape (1) until you return the main screen
(engine hour meter).

RCPH10TLB140AAF 4

6-6
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Throttle sensitivity
NOTE: Machines with HPCR engine only.
Change the throttle sensitivity:
1. Press Enter (2) to access the menu screens.
2. Press the up arrow (3) or the down arrow (4) to navi-
gate through the menu screens.

RCPH10TLB140AAF 1

3. When the Throttle Sensitivity screen displays, press


Enter. The setting bar flashes.
4. Press the up arrow or the down arrow to adjust the
setting, where 1 is least aggressive and 3 is most ag-
gressive.
5. Press Enter to save the selection.

RCPH10TLB195AAF 2

6. Use the arrows to navigate to a different menu screen


or press Escape (1) until you return the main screen
(engine hour meter).

RCPH10TLB140AAF 3

6-7
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

LOADER OPERATIONS

Personal safety
This manual contains only basic information that you need to operate the machine, it does not include all possible
conditions for loader operation.

If you are a new operator, always operate in a clear area at a decreased engine speed.

Be a careful operator. You can prevent accidents. Do not allow yourself to become complacent.

Fasten the seat belt before you start the engine.

Confirm that you can reach all controls and move through their entire range of motion with the seat belt fastened.

6-8
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Job layout
WARNING
Hazard to bystanders!
Always know the location of all workers in your area. Warn them before you start operating the ma-
chine. Always keep all unauthorized bystanders clear of the work area.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0206A

WARNING
Hazard to bystanders!
Material can spill from a loaded bucket. You must manually roll back a loaded bucket before lowering
the loader. The self-leveling feature does not automatically roll back the bucket.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0197A

RCPH10TLB005GAF 1

Machine positioning is very important for efficient cycles.


Set up the work cycle as short as possible.
Spend a few minutes leveling off the work area, if necessary. Smooth runways for the machine and a level parking
area for trucks will speed up the job.

6-9
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Comfort Steer
WARNING
Loss of control hazard!
Quick response steering (Comfort Steer) may adversely affect machine stability under some operating
conditions. Operate the machine in a safe, open area until you are accustomed to the faster steering
response.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0145A

With normal steering, the operator must turn the steering wheel three full turns to move the wheels, full left to right or
right to left, lock to lock. Comfort Steer requires slightly less than one and a half turns of the steering wheel for the
same lock to lock movement.

Comfort Steer activation is based on the selected gear as shown on the gear selection lever, not the engaged gear.
Use Comfort Steer for cyclic loader work to reduce operator fatigue.
1. Start up the machine.
2. Place the machine in 1st or 2nd gear.
NOTE: Comfort Steer is not available in 3rd or 4th
gear.
3. Press the emblem end of the rocker switch all the way.
The switch springs back to center and the emblem
illuminates.
4. To disengage, press the opposite end all the way. The
emblem no longer illuminates.
NOTE: Comfort Steer automatically disengages if the
key switch is placed in the OFF position, the machine RCPH10TLB340AAF 1
loses electrical power, or the operator places the ma-
chine in 3rd or 4th gear.

6 - 10
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Detent position for 4 in 1 bucket control switch


NOTE: 4 in 1 bucket, if equipped

The operator or a service technician may enable a detent position into the 4 in 1 cycle by adjusting the switch. The
switch comes from the manufacture with the open U shape up. In this configuration, the switch will spring back to
neutral when released from any position.

The detent position will alter the cycle to allow the operator to touch the switch to hold open the circuit until the operator
pulls the switch out.
Enable the detent position for the switch:
1. Pry off the cap that covers the switch screw.

RCPH10TLB260AAF 1

2. Using a Phillips head screwdriver, remove the screw


that holds the switch.

RCPH10TLB261AAF 2

3. Remove the top of the switch.


4. Rotate the top of the switch 180 and start the screw
back into the top of the switch.
NOTE: The open U shape should be to the bottom.

RCPH10TLB262AAF 3

6 - 11
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

5. Carefully replace the top of the switch and screw into


position. Do not overtighten.

RCPH10TLB264AAF 4

6. Test the detent operation:


A. Push the switch up. The switch should hold in
place (not spring back to center), as shown.
B. Pull the switch out of the detent position.

RCPH10TLB265AAF 5

7. Replace the cap that covers the screw.

RCPH10TLB263AAF 6

6 - 12
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

8. Take the machine to an open, safe area and test the


switch by moving it through the entire range of motion
in both directions.

RCPH10TLB006CAF 7

6 - 13
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Loader digging force


Clutch cutout button
Press the clutch cutout button to increase engine speed and supply the loader with more hydraulic oil for greater
loader power and faster control function.

When you push the clutch cutout button, the transmission is disengaged from the drive wheels. Release the clutch
cutout button to engage the transmission power. The machine can move freely when the clutch cutout button is
pushed. If required, use the service brake to stop the machine.
Shift lever (manual transmission only):

RCPH10TLB111AAF 1

Loader handle:

RCPH10TLB337AAF 2

6 - 14
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Transmission kickdown
NOTE: Powershift S-type or Powershift H-type transmissions.

Kickdown is used to increase digging force. The kickdown control lets the operator temporarily switch from 2nd gear
to 1st gear without changing the gear selection control setting. Press the button to shift from 2nd to 1st gear. Press
the button again to shift up to 2nd gear. The button is located on the gear control lever and on the loader control lever.
NOTE: For Powershift H-type transmissions, kickdown control is available in manual or automatic mode.
Gear control lever:

RCPH10TLB191AAF 3

Loader control lever:

RCPH10TLB337AAF 4

6 - 15
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Bucket level, position and depth indicators


Level indicator - Standard bucket
The level indicator has two pointers on the bucket links.
The bucket is level on the ground when the two pointers
are opposite each other.

RCPH10TLB285AAF 1

Position indicator - 4 in 1 bucket


The bucket position indicator (1) is located on the bucket
links. This shows you the correct bucket angle when you
use the bucket as a clam, loader, scraper, or dozer. Put
the loader bucket 304 mm (12 in) above the ground and
tilt the bucket to the desired position displayed on the de-
cal (2).

RCPH10TLB286AAF 2

Dozer:

Tilt the bucket to the dozer position and open


the clam completely.

RCPH10TLB235AAF 3

6 - 16
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Scraper:

Tilt the bucket to the scraper position. Open


the clam to the desired depth of cut. Refer to
the depth indicator later in this chapter.

RCPH10TLB234AAF 4

Loader:

Tilt the bucket to the loader position. Close the


clam completely. The bucket now operates
as a standard bucket.

RCPH10TLB233AAF 5

Clam:

Tilt the bucket to the clam position. Place the


open bucket over the material to be moved.
Close the clam to pick up the material. Place
the bucket over the new location for the
material and open the bucket to dump the
material.

RCPH10TLB236AAF 6

Depth indicator - 4 in 1 bucket


Scraper position only. The depth indicator is located on
the right side of the bucket. The bucket opening or, depth
of cut, is shown on this indicator. The 4 in 1 bucket can
make a cut up to 102 mm (4 in) in depth.

RCPH10TLB287AAF 7

6 - 17
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Return to dig
After the bucket is dumped, use the return to dig feature to place the bucket in position for another dig cycle. Move
the loader control lever to the rollback position and the float position. The bucket roll backwards until the bottom of
the bucket is level and then stops. The loader arms will lower until the bucket reaches the ground or you manually
move the control lever to the neutral position.

RCPH10TLB006FAF 1

1. Bucket in float position


2. Bucket in rollback position
Adjust return to dig bucket position:
1. Park the machine on a level surface.
2. Apply the parking brake.
3. Lower the loader bucket to the ground and make sure
the bottom of the bucket is at the desired digging an-
gle.
4. Shut down the engine.
5. Loosen the adjusting bolts for the return to dig switch
and move the switch in the slot so that the roller on the
switch is resting on the edge of the cam on the loader
arm.
NOTE: When moving the switch bracket forward or
rearward for adjustment, be sure the bracket is pushed
in toward the machine as the bolts are tightened. This
will assure full contact of the switch with the actuating
cam.
6. Tighten the adjusting bolts.

RCPH10TLB257AAF 2

6 - 18
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

7. Start up the engine.


8. Raise the loader bucket to full height and dump the
bucket.
9. Put the loader control lever in the return to dig position.
The loader bucket will lower to the ground.
10. Shut down the engine.
11. Check the position of the loader bucket. If the bucket
is not in the correct position:
Move the return to dig switch rearward if the bucket
did not roll back far enough.
Move the return to dig switch forward if the bucket
rolled back too far.
12. Repeat the procedure until the bucket returns to the
correct position.

6 - 19
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Lifting with the loader


WARNING
Equipment failure could cause accident or injury!
Only use rigging equipment that has the capacity to lift the loads that you are moving. Always check
the rigging equipment each day for damaged or missing parts. Make sure other workers or bystanders
are not under the load while it is moving.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0205A

NOTICE: This machine is not a crane. Be very careful when lifting a load.
Use the lifting points when using the loader to lift a load.

RCPH10TLB275AAF 1

Changing loader attachments


The loader hydraulic coupler, if equipped, lets the operator
install and remove front end attachments without using
special tools or additional personnel.

RCPH10TLB268AAF 1

Install an attachment:
1. Tilt the loader hydraulic coupler forward and engage
the top coupler pins (1) in the attachment upper mount-
ing hooks (2).

RCPH10TLB270AAF 2

6 - 20
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

2.
Press and hold the left emblem of the rocker
switch to retract the coupler lock pins.

RCPH10TLB340AAF 3

3. Lift the loader arms and rotate the coupler rearward


until the coupler lock pins are aligned with the attach-
ment lower mounting bores.
4. Release the rocker switch.

RCPH10TLB267AAF 4

5.
Press the right emblem of the rocker switch to en-
gage the loader coupler pins in the attachment mount-
ing bores.

RCPH10TLB340AAF 5

6. Visually confirm the lock pins secured the attachment.

RCPH10TLB266AAF 6

6 - 21
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Remove an attachment:
1. With the attachment resting on the ground, press and

hold the left emblem of rocker switch to retract


the coupler lock pins.
2. Raise the attachment a maximum of 25.4 - 50.8 mm
(1 - 2 in) off the ground and slowly rotate the top of the
attachment outward until the lock pins are clear of the
attachment mounting bores.
3. Release the rocker switch.

RCPH10TLB340AAF 7

4. Carefully lower the attachment to the ground while ro-


tating the top of the coupler outward.
5. When the upper coupler mounting pins are free, back
away from the attachment.

6 - 22
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

BACKHOE OPERATIONS

Personal safety
This manual contains only basic information that you need to operate the machine, it does not include all possible
conditions for backhoe operation.

Be a careful operator. You can prevent accidents. Do not allow yourself to become complacent.

Basic instructions
WARNING
Unexpected machine movement!
Before you turn the operators seat around to the backhoe operation position, shift the direction con-
trol lever and the transmission to neutral and apply the parking brake.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0194A

NOTICE: Be careful when you swing the backhoe completely to the side. In some positions, the backhoe can contact
the stabilizers and can cause damage.

Dig cycle
The backhoe will dig more material in less time with a smooth, short dig cycle. Keep each dig cycle smooth.

Working on a hill
WARNING
Overturning hazard!
Be careful when you operate the machine on a hillside. You must be in the operators seat (loader
operation position) when you move the machine forward. Always engage the parking brake and shift
the direction control lever and the transmission to neutral before you operate the backhoe.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0220A

WARNING
Tip-over hazard!
When you operate the machine on a hillside, make the machine level with the stabilizers and place the
earth or other material from the trench on the highest side of the trench.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0199A

Too large load


When you force the bucket to dig a load that is too large, you will cause a hydraulic stall (dipper control lever pulled
back and the bucket is not moving). The main relief valve of the hydraulic system will make a noise when a hydraulic
stall occurs.

A hydraulic stall causes


longer cycle times.
increased hydraulic oil temperature.
increased fuel consumption.

6 - 23
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Backhoe danger area


WARNING
Hazard to bystanders!
Always know the location of all workers in your area. Warn them before you start operating the ma-
chine. Always keep all unauthorized bystanders clear of the work area.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0206A

WARNING
Hazard to bystanders!
When working in an area with reduced visibility, such as next to a building, always install a guardrail
and post warning signs to keep bystanders away from the machine.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0200A

WARNING
Tip-over hazard!
Do not dig the ground under the backhoe stabilizers. The machine can fall into the excavation site if
the embankment collapses.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0198A

RCPH10TLB010FAF 1

6 - 24
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Swing lock
Before operating the boom, remove the swing lock pin
from the lock location and place it in the storage loca-
tion. Remove the swing lock pin from the storage location
and place it in the lock position every time the backhoe is
placed in the transport position.
Example: Pin in the lock location

RCPH10TLB279AAF 1

Example: Pin in the storage location


NOTE: The swing lock pin is stored inside the cab at the
right-hand side (backhoe operation position).

RCPH10TLB342AAF 2

Extendahoe lock
Before operating the extendable dipper, remove the Ex-
tendahoe lock pin from the lock location (2) and place it
in the storage location (1). Retract the dipper and place
the Extendahoe lock pin in the lock position before plac-
ing the backhoe in the transport position.

RCPH10TLB363AAF 1

6 - 25
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Stabilizer pads
WARNING
Tip-over hazard!
Put the stabilizers in the operating position before you lower the boom and extend the dipper. The
front of the machine can raise above the ground and become unstable if the stabilizers are not down
in the operating position.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0196A

WARNING
Tip-over hazard!
Before you raise the stabilizers from the operating position, put the backhoe in the transport position
or completely retract the dipper and raise the boom. Make sure the machine tires are touching the
ground. The machine can become unstable when the tires are not on the ground.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0195A

Always position the stabilizer pads for maximum stability. If you dig next to a building, wall etc., change the position
of the stabilizer pads.

Change the position of a stabilizer pad:


1. Remove a retaining ring from the pin on each stabilizer pad.
2. Use a hammer and drift pin and remove each pin.
3. Put the stabilizer pads into position. For correct stabilizer pad position, refer to stabilizer pad positions later in this
chapter.
4. Install the pins and retaining rings.

Stabilizer pad position


NOTE: Examples are shown for right stabilizers (backhoe operation position). Arrow indicates front of machine.
Standard two position stabilizer pads:

Digging to the side (working next to buildings, walls


etc.)

RCPH10TLB419AAF 1

Maximum stability for digging to the rear and minimum


width for traveling

RCPH10TLB418AAF 2

6 - 26
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Cemetery stabilizer pads with rubber pads:

Digging to the side (working next to buildings, walls


etc.)

RCPH10TLB414AAF 3

Maximum stability for digging to the rear and minimum


width for traveling

RCPH10TLB415AAF 4

Combination flip-over stabilizer pads:

Working on paved surfaces (rubber pad down)

RCPH10TLB417AAF 5

Working on unpaved surfaces (rubber pad up)

RCPH10TLB416AAF 6

6 - 27
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Backhoe transport position


Remove the backhoe from transport position before operating the backhoe. The backhoe must be in transport position
before you use the loader or before you move the machine on a road or highway.
Move the backhoe out of transport position:
1. Make sure the direction control lever and transmission
are in neutral.
2. Make sure the parking brake is applied.
3. Place the operators seat in the backhoe operation po-
sition.
4. Make sure the stabilizers are down and the rear
wheels are above the ground.
5. Remove the swing lock pin from the transport position
and place it in the storage position. The storage po-
sition is at the operators right-hand side when seated
in the backhoe operation position.
6. Release the boom lock:
A. Push the boom control lever forward and, at the
same time, step down on the release lever (1) for
the boom latch.
B. Pull the boom control lever rearward to move the
boom forward (over center).

RCPH10TLB362AAF 1

7. If your machine is equipped with an extendable dipper,


place the extendahoe lock pin in the storage hole.
Place backhoe in transport position:
1. Make sure the direction control lever and transmission
are in neutral.
2. Make sure the parking brake is applied.
3. Place the operators seat in the backhoe operation po-
sition.
4. Use the swing controls and put the backhoe bucket
straight behind the machine.
5. If your machine is equipped with an extendable dipper,
retract the dipper and install the extendahoe lock pin
to lock the dipper.
6. Make sure the stabilizers are down and the rear
wheels are above the ground.
7. Use the hand throttle and run the engine at about ap-
proximately 1200 RPM.
8. Retract the dipper and curl in the bucket.

6 - 28
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

9. Engage the boom lock:


A. Pull the boom control lever rearward. The backhoe
boom will move toward you, past the vertical posi-
tion.
B. When the boom reaches the vertical position,
rapidly push the boom control lever forward. The
boom will continue to move toward you until the
boom stop is reached.
C. Once the boom stop is reached, the boom lock
automatically engages. The boom, dipper, and
bucket are now in the transport position.
RCPH10TLB246AAF 2

10. Raise the stabilizers completely.


11. Decrease the engine speed to idle.
12. Turn the operators seat to the loader operation posi-
tion.
13. Shut down the engine.
14. Install the swing lock pin in the transport position.

6 - 29
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Before operating the backhoe


Before you operate the backhoe:
1. Make sure the direction control lever and the transmis-
sion are in neutral.
2. Apply the parking brake.
3. WARNING
Unexpected machine movement!
Turn off the backhoe control system before
adjusting the windows.
Failure to comply could result in death or
serious injury.
W0181A

Position the windows in the desired position and se-


cure.
NOTICE: Rear windows can interfere with backhoe con-
trol levers. Make sure window adjustment is locked into
position before actuating the hydraulics.
4. For pilot control machines, adjust the control towers
as needed:
Adjust the control towers forward or rearward.

RCPH10TLB126AAF 1

Adjust the control towers left or right.

RCPH10TLB299AAF 2

5. Remove the swing lock pin from the transport position


and place it in the storage position. The storage po-
sition is at the operators right-hand side when seated
in the backhoe operation position.
6. Make sure all controls are easily reached, the seat is
locked into position, and the seat belt is secure.
7. Start the engine.
8. If the machine is equipped with ride control, make sure
the ride control switch is in the off position.

6 - 30
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

9. Dump the loader and lower the bucket to the ground.


Raise the front wheels above the ground.
NOTE: If needed, the bottom of the loader bucket can
be positioned flat on the ground.

RCPH10TLB241AAF 3

10. Use the hand throttle and increase the engine speed.
11. Lower the stabilizers. Use the stabilizers to raise the
level of the machine until the rear tires are above
ground.
12. Move the machine out of the transport position.
13. If your machine is equipped with the extendable dip-
per, remove the Extendahoe lock pin from the lock po-
sition and put it in the storage hole during operation.

6 - 31
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Filling the backhoe bucket


Fill the bucket by moving the dipper in. Keep the bottom of the bucket parallel with the cut. Let the bucket teeth and
cutting edge cut through the ground like a knife blade. The type of material that you dig determines the depth of the
cut.
NOTICE: Do not back fill a trench with the backhoe by swinging the bucket against the soil.

RCPH10TLB004GAF 1

1. Correct bucket position


2. Incorrect bucket position
3. Correct trenching method

6 - 32
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Power lift
NOTE: Not available for 580N machines.

If equipped, power lift increases hydraulic system pressure to improve the performance, both above and below grade,
on all backhoe functions. For example, lift capacities and break out and dig out capacities. Power lift also lowers
engine RPMs, increasing precision when placing the bucket or attachment and proving steady and smooth movement.
1. When performing backhoe operations, press the em-
blem end of the rocker switch to activate power lift.
The switch springs back to the center position. The
power lift image appears in the AIC display screen and
the engine speed decreases.
NOTE: If power lift is equipped but not available, the
unavailable screen appears in the AIC display screen.
Check your machine and backhoe operating require-
ments (for example, ensure the seat is locked in back-
hoe operation position).
2. To disengage, press the emblem end of the rocker
switch again.
RCPH10TLB336AAF 1
NOTE: Power lift automatically disengages after each
key cycle.

6 - 33
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Moving the machine while digging


You can use the backhoe to move the machine forward as you trench.

1. Make sure the front wheels of the machine are straight


forward.
2. Decrease the engine speed to 1200 RPM. Make sure
the parking brake is released and the transmission is
in neutral.
3. Raise the boom and retract the dipper. Move the boom
as required to put the backhoe bucket teeth on ground
that is firm. Lower the backhoe bucket to the ground.
4. Raise the stabilizers and the loader bucket about 300
mm (12 in) above the ground.
5. Use the boom and dipper to move the machine. Slowly RCPH10TLB277AAF 1

move the dipper out. At the same time, lower the


boom.
6. At the new position:
A. Lower the stabilizers and the loader bucket to the
ground and level the machine.
B. Apply the parking brake.

6 - 34
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Lifting with the backhoe


WARNING
Equipment failure could cause accident or injury!
Only use rigging equipment that has the capacity to lift the loads that you are moving. Always check
the rigging equipment each day for damaged or missing parts. Make sure other workers or bystanders
are not under the load while it is moving.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0205A

The backhoe is NOT a crane. For this reason, always be very careful when you lift a load with the backhoe. Refer to
the backhoe lift capacities in this manual.

WARNING
Equipment failure could cause accident or in-
jury!
Do not use the hook end of the coupler when
lifting loads. The sling can come out of the
coupler and the load can fall.
Failure to comply could result in death or se-
rious injury.
W0221A

RCPH10TLB406AAF 1

1. Install a clevis hook in the lift eye. Ensure the clevis


hook is certified to lift the weight of the load.
NOTICE: Ensure the clevis hook does not get caught
in the linkage.
2. Attach safety approved sling, cable, or chain to the
clevis hook.

RCPH10TLB400AAF 2

6 - 35
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

3. Know and understand each signal from the signalman


before you start.
4. Always know the location of all workers and/or by-
standers in your working area.
5. Lower both stabilizers and raise the machine so that
both rear tires are about 25 - 50 mm (1 - 2 in) above
the ground. Make sure the machine is level.
NOTE: If the ground is soft, put a wide pad (wood
boards) under each stabilizer pad.
6. Dump and lower the loader bucket to the ground.
7. Connect a hand line to the load before you start. Make
sure the worker holding the hand line is away from the
load.
8. Test the lift capacity before you start your job:
A. Put the machine close to the load.
B. Use a cable or sling to fasten the load to the end
of the dipper at the lift eye.
C. Lift the load with the backhoe so the load is 25 - 50
mm (1 - 2 in) above the ground.
D. Swing the load all the way to one side.
E. Move the load away from the machine. Make sure
you keep the load 25 - 50 mm (1 - 2 in) above the
ground.
F. Lower the load to the ground if one of the stabilizers
is raised above the ground or if there is any indica-
tion that the stability of the machine is reduced.
9. Always move the load slowly. Do not move the load
over the top of workers or bystanders.
10. When the load is raised, keep all workers and by-
standers away until the load is placed on blocks or is
placed on the ground.
NOTICE: Remove the clevis hook when lifting is com-
plete. Damage to the clevis hook or the linkage can occur
if the clevis hook is not removed when digging.

6 - 36
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

Changing backhoe attachments


WARNING
Equipment failure could cause accident or injury!
Use only authorized auxiliary hydraulic attachments. Always read and understand the manual or in-
structions supplied by the manufacturer to avoid injury or damage. Understand the operation and
safety instructions before you attach, remove, or operate the attachment.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0231A

NOTICE: Not all pre-N series attachments (buckets or other mounted equipment) may be compatible with N series
machines. A pin and bushing retrofit kit (mechanical or hydraulic coupler) is required for compatible attachments.
Please note the compatible, retrofitted attachment may have reduced performance or rotation. Contact your local
CASE dealer for compatible attachments and their required retrofit kits.

Before you change a backhoe bucket or other attachment:


1. Park the machine on a level surface.
2. Lower the stabilizers to the ground.
3. Level the machine.
4. Make sure all unauthorized workers or bystanders are away from the machine.

Case coupler (standard)


1. Make sure the bucket has a Case coupler pin installed.
2. Rotate the bucket out, leaving the bucket off the
ground.

RCPH10TLB399AAF 1

3. Remove the snap ring, the steel washer, and the


bucket pin.

RCPH10TLB399AAF 2

6 - 37
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

4. Rotate the bucket out and lower to the ground.


5. Rotate the coupler out of the bucket.
6. Pick up the next bucket and raise the boom.

RCPH10TLB397AAF 3

7. With the bucket suspended off the ground, retract the


bucket cylinder until the bucket starts to rotate out.
8. Install the bucket pin, the steel washer, and the snap
ring.

RCPH10TLB398AAF 4

Case quick coupler


NOTE: It is necessary to press both rocker switches for the quick coupler at the same time to remove or attach a
bucket or other attachment.
Remove a bucket:
1. Make sure the bucket has a hydraulic Case coupler
pin installed.
2. Rotate the bucket out and lower to the ground.

RCPH10TLB402AAF 5

6 - 38
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

3.
Press the tops of the quick coupler switches to
disengage/retract the quick coupler pins.
Example: Coupler pin retracted

RCPH10TLB403AAF 6

4.
Continue pressing the tops of the quick coupler
switches and extend the bucket cylinder to rotate the
quick coupler out of the bucket.
5. Back the coupler away from the bucket.

RCPH10TLB404AAF 7

Install a bucket:
1. Move the backhoe into position to pick up the bucket.
2. Retract the bucket cylinder to engage the bucket into
the quick coupler.

RCPH10TLB405AAF 8

3.
Press the tops of the quick coupler switches to
disengage/retract the quick coupler pins.
4.
Continue pressing the tops of the quick coupler
switches and lift the bucket to allow the bucket to rotate
into the locking position.

RCPH10TLB403AAF 9

6 - 39
6 - WORKING OPERATIONS

5.
Press the bottoms of the quick coupler switches
to engage/extend the quick coupler pins.
6. Visually check the bucket and make sure the quick
coupler pins are fully extended into the bucket ears
before operating the backhoe.

RCPH10TLB402AAF 10

Hydraulic lines
NOTICE: Before using any uni-directional hydraulic attachment, ensure the auxiliary (hammer) valve is set up to work
within the parameters of the attachment. For detailed instructions, refer to page 7-105.
Connect the hydraulic lines for the attachment to the fit-
tings located on the dipper.
NOTICE: Reverse connection could cause hazardous or
unintended operation of, or damage to, the attachment.

RCPH10TLB413AAF 11

1. Pressure fitting
2. Return fitting

6 - 40
7 - MAINTENANCE

7 - MAINTENANCE
GENERAL INFORMATION

Safety rules
DANGER
Improper operation or service of this machine can result in an accident.
Do not operate this machine or perform any lubrication, maintenance, or repair on it until you have
read and understood the operation, lubrication, maintenance, and repair information.
Failure to comply will result in death or serious injury.
D0010A

WARNING
Maintenance hazard!
Always perform all service procedures punctually at the intervals stated in this manual. This ensures
optimum performance levels and maximum safety during machine operation.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0132A

WARNING
Pressurized system!
Before attempting any service procedure, it is your responsibility to know the number of accumulators
on the machine, and the correct procedure for releasing the pressure of each accumulator.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0136A

NOTICE: Extreme working and environmental conditions require shortened service intervals.

Use Case fluids, lubricants, and filters for the best protection and performance of your machine. All fluids, lubricants,
and filters must be disposed of in compliance with environmental standards and regulations. Contact your dealer with
any questions regarding the service and maintenance of this machine.

Read the safety decals and information decals on the machine. Read the Operators Manual and safety manual.
Understand the operation of the machine before you start any service.

Before you service the machine, put a Do Not Operate tag on the steering wheel or over the key switch. Ensure the
tag is at a location where everyone who might operate or service the machine may see clearly. One tag is included
with your new machine. Additional tags are available from your dealer.

Plastic and resin parts


Avoid using gasoline, paint thinner, etc. when cleaning plastic parts, console, instrument cluster, etc.
Use only water, mild soap, and a soft cloth when you clean these parts.

Using gasoline, thinners, etc. can cause discoloration,


cracking, or deformation of the part being cleaned.

7-1
7 - MAINTENANCE

General safety before you service


Unless otherwise instructed, always perform these steps before you service the machine:
1. Park the machine on a flat, level surface.
2. Place the backhoe in the transport position with the swing lock pin installed for transport.
3. Place the loader bucket on the ground, with the bottom of the loader bucket parallel to the surface.
4. Place the direction control lever and the transmission in neutral.
5. If you need to open the hood to perform service, raise the loader arms and install the support strut.
6. Shut down the engine.
7. Place a Do Not Operate tag on the key switch so that it is visible to other workers or remove the key.

Hour meter
The engine hour meter displays the amount of actual hours the engine has run. Use the engine hour meter along with
the Maintenance Chart in this manual to service your machine at the correct time periods. When you service your
machine, use only high quality Case Akcela lubricants.
Standard instrument cluster:
NOTE: 580N machines only.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 1

Advanced instrument cluster:


NOTE: 580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines only.

RCPH10TLB139AAF 2

7-2
7 - MAINTENANCE

Support strut for loader lift arm


WARNING
Crushing hazard!
If you service the machine with the loader lift arms raised, always use the support strut. Remove the
retaining pin and place the support strut onto the cylinder rod. Install the retaining pin into the support
strut. Lower the lift arms onto the support strut.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0230A

Raise and support loader lift arms:


1. Empty the loader bucket.
2. Raise the loader lift arms to the maximum height.
3. Shut down the engine.

RCPH10TLB230AAF 1

4. Remove the retaining pin.


5. Lower the support strut onto the cylinder rod.
6. Install the retaining pin.

RCPH10TLB221AAF 2

7. Start the engine.


8. Slowly lower the lift arms so that the end of the support
strut rests on the cylinder.

RCPH10TLB227AAF 3

7-3
7 - MAINTENANCE

Lower supported loader lift arms:


1. Raise the lift arms so that the end of the support strut
no longer rests on the cylinder.
2. Shut down the engine.

RCPH10TLB227AAF 4

3. Remove the retaining pin from the support strut.


4. Raise the support strut up to the storage position and
secure with the retaining pin, as shown.

RCPH10TLB231AAF 5

5. Start the engine.


6. Lower the loader to the ground.

7-4
7 - MAINTENANCE

Hood latch
Open the hood:
1. Shut down the engine.
2. Turn the handle counter-clockwise to release the hood
latch.

RCPH10TLB166AAF 1

3. Lift the hood and rotate forward.

RCPH10TLB356AAF 2

NOTICE: To avoid damage to the hood parts, always


close the hood before moving the loader.
Close the hood:
1. Lower the hood.
2. Turn the handle clockwise to lock the hood latch.

RCPH10TLB167AAF 3

7-5
7 - MAINTENANCE

Fire extinguisher
It is recommended that you have a fire extinguisher on
your machine. The fire extinguisher shown is available
from your dealer and can be installed on the machine.

This dry chemical fire extinguisher has a 2 kg (5 lb) ca-


pacity and is approved for class A, B, and C type fires.
The operating temperature is from -54 - 49 C (-65 - 120
F).

RCPH10TLB341AAF 1

Fire extinguisher care


Every month - Inspect the fire extinguisher for damage
and to ensure that the gauge is working correctly.
Once a year - Have the fire equipment representative
inspect the fire extinguisher. Reference NFPA Stan-
dard No. 10-1992.
Every 6 years - Have the dry chemical removed and
refilled by a fire equipment representative. Reference
NFPA Standard No. 10-1992.
Every 12 years - Have the fire equipment represen-
tative hydrostatically test the fire extinguisher. Refer-
ence NFPA Standard No. 10-1992.

7-6
7 - MAINTENANCE

Welding on the machine


Before welding on the machine you must do the following.
If you have any questions about welding on the machine
contact your dealer.

Disconnect the batteries.


Disconnect the alternator terminal wires.
Disconnect the instrument cluster.
One connector for mechanical fuel injection en-
gines.
Two connectors for HPCR (high pressure common
rail) engines.
Disconnect the engine control unit (ECU), if equipped
(three connectors).
NOTE: The third connector is behind the hose in the
illustration.

RCPH10TLB046AAF 1

Disconnect the controller for backhoe pilot controls, if


equipped (one connector).
Disconnect the transmission controller, if equipped
(one connector, located under the front steering cowl-
ing).
Disconnect the controller for the loader 4 in 1 bucket
or auxiliary hydraulics, if equipped (one connector, lo-
cated under the loader valve at the rear, left underside
of the machine).

7-7
7 - MAINTENANCE

Battery access and care


WARNING
Battery gas can explode!
To prevent an explosion: 1. Always disconnect the negative (-) battery cable first. 2. Always connect
the negative (-) battery cable last. 3. Do not short circuit the battery posts with metal objects. 4. Do
not weld, grind, or smoke near a battery.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0011A

WARNING
Hazardous chemicals!
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid. Contact with skin and eyes could result in severe irritation
and burns. Always wear splash-proof goggles and protective clothing (gloves and aprons). Wash
hands after handling.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0006A

Do not run the engine with battery cables disconnected or with the alternator wires disconnected.
Before using an electric welder, disconnect the alternator wires, instrument cluster and batteries.
Do not use a steam cleaner or a cleaning solvent to clean the alternator.
Keep the battery vents clean. Ensure the battery vents are not restricted.

Battery access
1. If your machine is equipped with a tool box, use a16
mm tool to release the tool box pivot before removing
the battery access door.
2. Use a 13 mm tool to remove the four bolts that secure
the battery compartment and remove the access door.

RCPH10TLB426AAF 1

3. Always disconnect the negative (-) terminals (1) first,


then disconnect the positive (+) terminals (2).

RCPH10TLB429AAF 2

7-8
7 - MAINTENANCE

Capacities
Engine crank case
Specification: Case Akcela No. 1 15W-40, API CI-4/SL
Capacity:
With filter change 13.6 l (14.4 US qt)

Fuel tank
Specification: No. 2 diesel
Capacity: 159 l (42 US gal)

Cooling system
Specification: 50 % water and 50 % ethylene glycol
Capacity:
580N
Without heater 16.1 l (17.0 US qt)
With heater 16.8 l (17.8 US qt)

580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN


Without heater 17.3 l (18.3 US qt)
With heater 18.0 l (19.0 US qt)

Hydraulic system
Specification: Case Akcela Hy-Tran Ultra
Capacity:
580N
Total system 106.0 l (112.0 US qt)
Total system with Extendahoe 111.7 l (118.0 US qt)
Reservoir with filter change 47.1 l (12.45 US gal)
Reservoir without filter change 45.2 l (11.95 US gal)

580SN
Total system 119.2 l (126 US qt)
Total system with Extendahoe 124.9 l (132 US qt)
Reservoir with filter change 47.1 l (12.45 US gal)
Reservoir without filter change 45.2 l (11.95 US gal)

580SN-WT
Total system 124.9 l (132 US qt)
Total system with Extendahoe 130.6 l (138.0 US qt)
Reservoir with filter change 47.1 l (12.45 US gal)
Reservoir without filter change 45.2 l (11.95 US gal)

590SN
Total system 132 l (139 US qt)
Total system with Extendahoe 137.7 l (145 US qt)
Reservoir with filter change 47.1 l (12.45 US gal)
Reservoir without filter change 45.2 l (11.95 US gal)

7-9
7 - MAINTENANCE

Transmission
Specification: Case Akcela Hy-Tran Ultra
Capacity:
Manual (powershuttle)
Two wheel drive Four wheel drive
Total system 17.0 l (18 US qt) 19.4 l (21 US qt)
Refill (with or without filter change) 10.5 l (11 US qt) 13.0 l (14 US qt)

Powershift S-type
Two wheel drive Four wheel drive
Total system 21.7 l (23 US qt) 20.7 l (22 US qt)
Refill (with or without filter change) 15.3 l (16 US qt) 14.3 l (15 US qt)

Powershift H-type
Four wheel drive only
Total system 18.0 l (19 US qt)
Refill (with or without filter change) 11.4 l (12 US qt)

Front drive axle - Two wheel drive


Specification: Case Akcela Transaxle SAE 80W140
Capacity:
Each hub 0.8 l (0.8 US qt)

Front drive axle - Four wheel drive


Specification: Case Akcela Transaxle SAE 80W140
Capacity:
580N, 580SN
Differential 7.7 l (8.1 US qt)
Each planetary hub 0.5 l (0.5 US qt)

580SN-WT, 590SN
Differential 8.6 l (9.1 US qt)
Each planetary hub 1.0 l (1.1 US qt)

Rear axle (differential)


Specification: Case Transaxle Akcela
Capacity:
580N, 580SN 13.6 l (14.4 US qt)
580SN-WT, 590SN 18.6 l (19.7 US qt)

Brake master cylinder


Brake fluid supplied by the transmission.

7 - 10
7 - MAINTENANCE

Consumables
For the very best protection of your investment, use the CASE family of lubrication and service products. Contact your
dealer for these products and any questions you might have about the machines service and lubrication requirements.

Always remember the environment before you service the machine and before you dispose of the old fluids and
lubricants.

You must follow local, state, and regional regulations when disposing of fluids, filters, fuels, and lubricants.
Do not put oil or fluids into the ground or into containers that can leak.
Check with your local environmental or recycling center or your dealer for correct disposal information.

Systemgard lubrication analysis


Ask your dealer about the lubricant analysis program,
Systemgard. Through this service, your lubricants are
tested in an independent laboratory. You simply remove
a sample of lubricant from your machine and send the
sample to the Systemgard laboratory. After the sample
is processed, the laboratory will report back to you and
guide you with maintenance requirements. Systemgard
can help support your equipment up time and provide
you with a service that can pay back dividends when you
trade for another piece of CASE equipment.

RCPH10TLB297AAF 1

7 - 11
7 - MAINTENANCE

Engine oil selection


NOTICE: Do not put performance additives or other oil additive products in the engine crankcase. The oil change
intervals given in this manual are according to tests with Case Akcela lubricants.

Case Akcela No. 1 engine oil is recommended for use in your Case engine. Case Akcela engine oil will lubricate your
engine correctly under all operating conditions.

If Case Akcela No. 1 Multi-Viscosity or Single Viscosity engine oil is not available, use a commercial oil that meets
API engine oil service category CI-4 (preferred) or CH-4.

RCPH10TLB002FAF 2
Oil viscosity/temperature usage recommendation

7 - 12
7 - MAINTENANCE

Fuses and relays


The machine is equipped with two fuse boxes. A front console box and a side console box.

Front console box


1. Turn the thumb screw (1) to loosen the panel cover (2)
for the fuse box. Remove the panel cover.

RCPH10TLB320AAF 1

2. Remove the fuse box cover.

RCPH10TLB307AAF 2

RCPH10TLB303AAF 3

7 - 13
7 - MAINTENANCE

3. Refer to the decal on the interior side of the panel cover


for fuse, relay, and/or diode functions.

RCPH10TLB310AAF 4

Side console box


1. Turn the thumb screws (1) to loosen the panel cover
(2) for the fuse box. Remove the panel cover.

RCPH10TLB437AAF 5

RCPH10TLB301AAF 6

2. Remove the fuse box covers as needed.

RCPH10TLB302AAF 7

7 - 14
7 - MAINTENANCE

3. Refer to the decal on the interior side of the panel cover


for fuse, relay, and/or diode functions.

RCPH10TLB319AAF 8

7 - 15
7 - MAINTENANCE

Diagnostic/service tool port


The diagnostic/service tool port is located in the fuse box at the side console. Connect the Electronic Service Tool
(EST) or DATAR to this port to update software and/or perform service and diagnostic tests.
1. Turn the thumb screws (1) to loosen the panel cover
(2) for the fuse box. Remove the panel cover.

RCPH10TLB437AAF 1

2. Unscrew the cap for the diagnostic/service tool port.


NOTE: You do not have to remove the fuse box cov-
ers.

RCPH10TLB302AAF 2

Heater coolant shutoff valve


The heater coolant shutoff valve controls the flow of hot
coolant to the heater.

In warm ambient temperatures, turn the shutoff valve


clockwise to stop hot coolant flow to the heater.
In cold ambient temperatures, turn the shutoff valve
counter-clockwise to allow hot coolant to flow to the
heater.

RCPH10TLB159AAF 1

7 - 16
7 - MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE CHART

Maintenance Chart
Charging
Bleed
Change fluid
Adjust
Lubricate
Cleaning
Grease
Tighten
Check
Replace
Interval Page Maintenance Action Nb.
Nb. of
pts
At warning 7-19 Engine air filters X
message display 7-21 Hydraulic filter(s) X
7-22 Fuel system water separator X
Initial 10 hours 7-24 Air conditioning belt X
7-26 Wheel nut and bolt torque X
Every 10 hours or 7-27 Engine oil level X
daily 7-29 Loader, backhoe, extendahoe grease fittings X
Initial 20 hours 7-38 Transmission fluid level X
7-39 Front axle fluid level X
7-40 Rear axle fluid level X
Every 50 hours 7-41 Fuel system water separator X
7-44 Coolant reservoir (deaeration reservoir) fluid X
level
7-45 Hydraulic reservoir fluid level X
7-46 Front axle grease fittings X
7-47 Loader hydraulic coupler lock pins X
7-47 4 in 1 bucket pivots and grease fittings X
Initial 100 hours 7-49 Hydraulic filter(s) X
7-51 Transmission filter X
7-53 Fuel filters X
7-56 Service brakes X
7-57 Parking brake X
Every 100 hours 7-58 Backhoe swing control X
7-58 Extendable dipper control X
7-59 Spark arresting muffler X
Every 250 hours 7-60 Battery X
7-61 Air conditioning belt X
7-63 Front axle fluid level X
7-64 Front axle breather X
7-64 Front axle drive shaft X
7-65 Rear axle fluid level X
7-65 Rear axle breather X
7-65 Rear axle drive shaft X
7-66 Fuel tank X
7-67 Transmission fluid level X
7-68 Air conditioning compressor seals X

7 - 17
7 - MAINTENANCE

Charging
Bleed
Change fluid
Adjust
Lubricate
Cleaning
Grease
Tighten
Check
Replace
Interval Page Maintenance Action Nb.
Nb. of
pts
Every 500 hours 7-69 ROPS cab and seat mount X
7-71 Operators seat X
7-72 Fuel filters X
7-75 Engine oil and filter X
Every 600 hours 7-76 Battery fluid level X
Every 1000 hours 7-78 Hydraulic fluid and filter(s) X
7-80 Hydraulic reservoir breather X
7-81 Cab intake filter X
7-81 Engine valve X
7-81 Crankcase ventilation filter X
7-82 Front axle fluid X
7-84 Rear axle fluid X
7-85 Transmission fluid and filter X
7-87 Engine air filters X
7-89 Parking brake X
Every 2000 hours 7-90 Cooling system X
As required 7-93 Bleed air from the fuel system X
7-95 Prime turbocharger lines X
7-96 Hydraulic pump X
7-97 Tire pressure X
7-98 Operators seat X
7-100 Grille screen and radiator area X
7-101 Fan belt X
7-102 Ride control accumulator X
7-102 Pilot control accumulator X
7-103 Disable parking brake X
7-105 Auxiliary hydraulic pressure and flow X

7 - 18
7 - MAINTENANCE

At warning message display

Engine air filters


Replace the engine air filter whenever the warning lamp

remains illuminated while the engine is running.


1. Clean the area around the outside front cover of the
air filter housing.
2. Inspect the hose clamps and hose component that
attach to the air filter housing.
3. Release the clips that secure the air filter housing
cover in place.

RCPH10TLB036AAF 1

4. Remove the primary filter.

RCPH10TLB037AAF 2

5. Remove the secondary filter.

RCPH10TLB038AAF 3

6. Dispose of the filters in accordance with local, re-


gional, and federal regulations.

7 - 19
7 - MAINTENANCE

7. Clean the filter housing and cover of dirt and debris.

RCPH10TLB039AAF 4

8. Install the secondary air filter.


9. Install the primary air filter.
10. Fasten the clips that secure the air filter housing in
place.
11. Start up the engine.
12. Ensure the warning lamp does not illuminate.

7 - 20
7 - MAINTENANCE

Hydraulic filter(s)
Replace the hydraulic oil filter whenever the warning lamp

remains illuminated while the engine is running at nor-


mal operating temperature.
The hydraulic filter is located under the left rear portion of
the machine just in front of the rear axle.

RCPH10TLB042AAF 1

1. Slowly open the hydraulic reservoir cap to help re-


lieve pressure.

RCPH10TLB428AAF 2

2. Clean the area around the filter head area before


removing the old filter. Wear eye protection to keep
dirt and debris from eyes.
3. Use a filter wrench and remove the old filter. Have
a suitable container ready to capture any fluid that
might leak or spill.
4. Dispose of the filter in accordance with local, re-
gional, and federal regulations.
5. Lubricate the gasket of the new filter with clean oil.
6. Install the new filter and turn it clockwise until the
gasket contacts the head of the filter assembly.
RCPH10TLB045AAF 3
7. Continue to tighten the filter for 1/3 turn.
8. Tighten the hydraulic reservoir cap.
9. Start up the engine.
10. Ensure the warning lamp does not illuminate.
11. After running for three or four minutes, shut down the
engine.
12. Inspect for leaks.

7 - 21
7 - MAINTENANCE

Fuel system water separator


NOTE: 580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines only.
Drain the water separator and check the fuel tank when-
ever the engine fault indicator lamp (1) illuminates, the au-
dible alarm sounds, and the water in fuel system screen (2)
appears in the display.
NOTICE: The indicator lamp only illuminates at potential
problems. To ensure the machine operates correctly, follow
the maintenance service interval guidelines listed on the
maintenance decal and in this manual.

RCPH10TLB027AAF 1

NOTE: A clear bowl is available to allow a visible check


of the fuel for water. When the bowl is installed, you do
not need to remove the connector and drain the fuel. If
desired, contact your dealer for the service kit to install the
clear bowl. If your machine is updated to include the clear
bowl, then visibly check the bowl for water in the fuel. If
water is present, drain water out of the filter and the fuel
tank.

RCPH10TLB420AAF 2

1. Remove the wire connector (3) attached to the bot-


tom of the drain valve (2) for the water separator (1).

RCPH10TLB055AAF 3

Press on the wire clasp that holds the connec-


tor to the drain to remove.

RCPH10TLB031AAF 4

7 - 22
7 - MAINTENANCE

2. Hold a small container under the water separator and


loosen the drain valve.
3. Collect a small amount of fluid and inspect for water
or sediment.
4. Drain until water or sediment is no longer present.
5. Close the drain valve.
6. If water or sediment was found in the water separator,
drain the fuel tank.
A. Place a collection container under the drain
plug and remove the plug .
B. After water and sediment are removed, install
and tighten the plug.
NOTE: The drain plug for the fuel tank is underneath the
machine. Illustration shows looking up at the drain plug.

RCPH10TLB358AAF 5

7 - 23
7 - MAINTENANCE

Initial 10 hours

Air conditioning belt


Inspect the tension of a new air conditioning belt after the
first 10 hours of operation and then every 250 hours of
operation.

580N machines
1. Check the belt at the location shown with a belt ten-
sion gauge. Specification is 61 - 74 Nm (45 - 55 lb
ft).

RCPH10TLB024AAF 1

2. If the belt tension does not meet specification:


A. Loosen the bracket pivot bolt (1).
B. Loosen the two compressor bracket pivot bolts
(2).
C. Pry the compressor bracket out away from the
machine to tighten the belt. Allow it to move
inboard to loosen.
D. When adjustment is complete, tighten the two
compressor bracket pivot bolts and the bracket
pivot bolts.

RCPH10TLB024AAF 2

580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines


1. Check the belt at the location shown with a belt ten-
sion gauge. Specification is 122 - 149 Nm (90 - 110
lb ft).

RCPH10TLB020AAF 3

7 - 24
7 - MAINTENANCE

2. If the belt tension does not meet specification:


A. Loosen the pivot bolt (1).
B. Loosen the lock nut (2).
C. Turn the adjustment bolt (3) clockwise to
tighten the belt. Turn the adjustment bolt
counter-clockwise to loosen the belt.
D. When adjustment is complete, tighten the ad-
justment bolt lock nut and the bracket pivot
bolt.

RCPH10TLB019AAF 4

7 - 25
7 - MAINTENANCE

Wheel nut and bolt torque


Check the torque of the wheel nuts and bolts at the first 10
hours of operation whenever a wheel is removed or for a
new machine. If the nuts and bolts loosened, retighten and
check after an additional 10 hours of operation. Repeat
until the nuts and bolts remain tight.

Front wheels
Specification:
Two wheel drive - 156 - 203 Nm (115 - 150 lb
ft)
Four wheel drive - 251 Nm (185 lb ft)
NOTICE: Nuts must be tightened in a crossing pattern (se-
quence), as shown.
When installing a front wheel:
1. Tighten the eight mounting nuts in sequence
until the wheel is snug again the axle hub.
2. Tighten the nuts in sequence to a torque of 122
Nm (90 lb ft). RCPH10TLB074AAF 1

3. Turn the nuts in sequence an additional 90 to


set the preload.
4. Ensure the nuts are tightened to specification.

Rear wheel
Specification: 305 Nm (225 lb ft)
NOTICE: Nuts must be tightened in a crossing pattern (se-
quence), as shown.
When installing a rear wheel:
1. Tighten the ten mounting nuts in sequence until
the wheel is snug again the axle hub.
2. Tighten the nuts in sequence to a torque of 136
Nm (100 lb ft).
3. Tighten the nuts a second time, in sequence,
to a torque of 271 Nm (200 lb ft).
4. Turn the nuts in sequence an additional 30 to RCPH10TLB075AAF 2
set the preload.
5. Ensure the nuts are tightened to specification.

7 - 26
7 - MAINTENANCE

Every 10 hours or daily

Engine oil level


Check the engine oil level before you start the engine each
day or before the start of each 10 hour shift.
1. To ensure an accurate level reading:
A. Park the machine on level ground.
B. Shut down the engine.
C. Allow time for the oil to drain down into the pan.
2. Push the dipstick (1) completely in and then pull the
dipstick out.
580N machines:

RCPH10TLB047AAF 1

580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines:

RCPH10TLB296AAF 2

3. Inspect the dipstick. The oil level should be at the


mark for maximum capacity.

RCPH10TLB029AAF 3

7 - 27
7 - MAINTENANCE

4. Add oil as needed at the fill location (2) for the ma-
chine.
580N machines:

RCPH10TLB047AAF 4

580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines:

RCPH10TLB296AAF 5

7 - 28
7 - MAINTENANCE

Loader, backhoe, extendahoe grease fittings


Grease the pivot points, pins, and fittings every 10 hours
of operation or each day. Use Case Moly 251 EP-M. If
you operate the machine in severe conditions, grease more
often. Always clean the fittings before greasing.

Loader

RCPH10TLB007FAF 1

1. Lift arm pivot 4. Bucket cylinder trunnion


2. Lift cylinder 5. Bucket cylinder, rod end
3. Bucket link 6. Bucket pivots
1. Lift arm pivot - four total, two on each side

RCPH10TLB381AAF 2

7 - 29
7 - MAINTENANCE

2. Lift cylinder, closed end and rod end - four total, two
on each side

RCPH10TLB438AAF 3

3. Bucket link - Two total, one on each side

RCPH10TLB379AAF 4

4. Bucket cylinder trunnion - Two total, one on each side

RCPH10TLB380AAF 5

5. Bucket cylinder, rod end - Two total, one on each side

RCPH10TLB388AAF 6

7 - 30
7 - MAINTENANCE

6. Bucket pivots - Four total, two on each side

RCPH10TLB389AAF 7

7 - 31
7 - MAINTENANCE

Backhoe/extendahoe

RCPH10TLB012FAF 8

1. Stabilizer cylinder, closed end 8. Boom cylinder, rod end 15. Bucket link
2. Boom pivot 9. Dipper cylinder, closed end 16. Bucket pivot, with hydraulic
coupler
3. Trunnion 10. Boom cylinder, closed end 17. Bucket links
4. Swing cylinder, rod end 11. Dipper cylinder, rod end 18. Bucket pivot, without coupler
5. Upper swing pivot 12. Dipper pivot 19. Extendable dipper
6. Lower swing pivot 13. Bucket cylinder, closed end
7. Boom release 14. Bucket cylinder, rod end
1. Stabilizer cylinder, closed end - Two total, one on
each side

RCPH10TLB378AAF 9

7 - 32
7 - MAINTENANCE

2. Boom pivot - Two total, one on each side

RCPH10TLB390AAF 10

3. Trunnion - Four total, two on each side

RCPH10TLB377AAF 11

4. Swing cylinder, rod end - Two

RCPH10TLB367AAF 12

5. Upper swing pivot - One

RCPH10TLB382AAF 13

7 - 33
7 - MAINTENANCE

6. Lower swing pivot - One

RCPH10TLB383AAF 14

7. Boom release - One

RCPH10TLB371AAF 15

8. Boom cylinder, rod end - One

RCPH10TLB371AAF 16

9. Dipper cylinder, closed end - One

RCPH10TLB376AAF 17

7 - 34
7 - MAINTENANCE

10. Boom cylinder, closed end - One

RCPH10TLB372AAF 18

11. Dipper cylinder, rod end - One

RCPH10TLB372AAF 19

12. Dipper pivot - Two total, one on each side

RCPH10TLB373AAF 20

13. Bucket cylinder, closed end - One

RCPH10TLB374AAF 21

7 - 35
7 - MAINTENANCE

14. Bucket cylinder, rod end - One

RCPH10TLB375AAF 22

15. Bucket link - One

RCPH10TLB384AAF 23

16. Bucket pivot, with hydraulic coupler- Two

RCPH10TLB366AAF 24

17. Bucket links - Six total, three on each side

RCPH10TLB366AAF 25

7 - 36
7 - MAINTENANCE

18. Bucket pivot, without coupler - One

RCPH10TLB385AAF 26

19. Extendable dipper, if equipped - Two total:


Top

RCPH10TLB386AAF 27

Bottom

RCPH10TLB387AAF 28

7 - 37
7 - MAINTENANCE

Initial 20 hours

Transmission fluid level


Check the fluid level of the transmission after the first 20
hours of operation on a new machine or after a component
rebuild. Then check the fluid level every 250 hours of op-
eration.
1. WARNING
Rotating parts!
The engine is running. Keep clear of ro-
tating fans and belts.
Failure to comply could result in death or
serious injury.
W0275A

Start up the engine. The engine must be running to


accurately check the transmission fluid level.
2. Turn the dipstick handle counter-clockwise and pull
out the dipstick.

RCPH10TLB055AAF 1

3. Check the fluid level on the dipstick. The level should


be between the high (H) mark and the (L) mark.

RCPH10TLB054AAF 2

4. Add fluid as needed. Do not fill above the high mark.

7 - 38
7 - MAINTENANCE

Front axle fluid level - Four wheel drive


NOTE: The illustrations may not match your machine. The drain plugs, drain position, and the check/fill position are
the same.
Check the oil level of the front wheel drive axle after the first
20 hours of operation with a new machine or after a com-
ponent rebuild. Then check the oil level every 250 hours of
operation.
NOTE: You must check the center bowl and planetary
ends.
1. Raise the wheels about 25 mm (1 in) above the sur-
face with the loader.
2. Rotate each wheel so that the oil level plug is in the
position shown.
3. Lower the loader to place the wheels on the surface.
4. Slowly remove the plug. Oil should be even with the
plug orifice.
5. Add oil as needed.
6. Install the plug.
7. Repeat the procedure for the other wheel.

RCPH10TLB393AAF 1

8. Slowly remove the plug from the center bowl. Oil


should be even with the orifice.
9. Add oil as needed.
10. Install the plug.

RCPH10TLB059AAF 2

7 - 39
7 - MAINTENANCE

Rear axle fluid level


Check the oil level of the rear axle after the first 20 hours of
operation with a new machine or after a component rebuild.
Then check the oil level every 250 hours of operation.
1. Place the machine on a firm level surface.
2. Slowly remove the oil check/fill plug. Oil should be
even with the plug orifice.
3. Add oil as needed.
4. Install the plug.

RCPH09TLB006AAF 1

7 - 40
7 - MAINTENANCE

Every 50 hours

Fuel system water separator


Check the fuel filter for water or sediment every 50 hours
of operation.

580N machines
1. Hold a suitable container under the fuel filter drain.
2. Open the drain and capture a small amount of fuel to
inspect for water or sediment.

RCPH10TLB051AAF 1

3. Drain until water or sediment is no longer present.


4. Close the drain.
5. If water or sediment was found in the water separator,
drain the fuel tank.
A. Place a collection container under the drain
plug for the fuel tank.
B. Slowly remove the plug and inspect a small
quantity of fuel.
C. Install the plug.
D. If water or sediment is found, drain and clean
the fuel tank as needed.
NOTE: The drain plug for the fuel tank is underneath the
machine. Illustration shows looking up at the drain plug.
RCPH10TLB358AAF 2

7 - 41
7 - MAINTENANCE

580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines


NOTE: A clear bowl is available to allow a visible check
of the fuel for water. When the bowl is installed, you do
not need to remove the connector and drain the fuel. If
desired, contact your dealer for the service kit to install the
clear bowl. If your machine is updated to include the clear
bowl, then visibly check the bowl for water in the fuel. If
water is present, drain water out of the filter and the fuel
tank.

RCPH10TLB420AAF 3

1. Remove the wire connector (3) attached to the bot-


tom of the drain valve (2) for the water separator (1).

RCPH10TLB055AAF 4

Press on the wire clasp that holds the connec-


tor to the drain to remove.

RCPH10TLB031AAF 5

2. Hold a small container under the water separator and


loosen the drain valve.
3. Collect a small amount of fluid and inspect for water
or sediment.
4. Drain until water or sediment is no longer present.
5. Close the drain valve.

7 - 42
7 - MAINTENANCE

6. If water or sediment was found in the water separator,


drain the fuel tank.
A. Place a collection container under the drain
plug and remove the plug .
B. After water and sediment are removed, install
and tighten the plug.
NOTE: The drain plug for the fuel tank is underneath the
machine. Illustration shows looking up at the drain plug.

RCPH10TLB358AAF 6

7 - 43
7 - MAINTENANCE

Coolant reservoir (deaeration reservoir) fluid level


Check the deaeration reservoir fluid level every 50 hours
of operation.
1. To ensure an accurate level reading:
A. Park the machine on level ground.
B. Shut down the engine.
C. Allow time for the coolant to completely cool.
Coolant must be cold before proceeding.
2. Check the coolant level on the reservoir. The coolant
level should be between the HOT MAX mark (1) and
the COLD MIN mark (2)

RCPH10TLB032AAF 1

3. CAUTION
Burn hazard!
Hot coolant can spray out if you remove
the filler cap while the system is hot. After
the system has cooled, turn the filler cap
to the first notch and wait for all pressure
to release before proceeding.
Failure to comply could result in minor or
moderate injury.
C0043A

Add coolant as needed. Open the filler cap by slow-


ing turning the cap counter-clockwise until it is re-
moved. It is not necessary to remove the hoses in RCPH10TLB032AAF 2

order to remove the cap.

7 - 44
7 - MAINTENANCE

Hydraulic reservoir fluid level


Check the fluid level of the hydraulic system every 50 hours
of operation or each week, whichever occurs first.
1. To ensure an accurate level reading, ensure the fluid
is cold or at ambient temperature.
2. Check the gauge (1) for the hydraulic reservoir. The
hydraulic reservoir is full when hydraulic fluid comes
to the FULL COLD mark in the gauge.
3. Add hydraulic fluid as needed. Slowly turn the reser-
voir cap (2) to relieve pressure and the remove the
cap.

RCPH10TLB428AAF 1

7 - 45
7 - MAINTENANCE

Front axle grease fittings


Grease the king pins and the front axle pivot every 50 hours
of operation, or more frequently, if the machine has been
working in water or extremely muddy conditions.
King pins, two-wheel drive - Four total, two on
each side

RCPH10TLB063AAF 1

King pins, four wheel drive - Four total, two on


each side

RCPH10TLB369AAF 2

Front axle pivot, remote fitting - One

RCPH10TLB370AAF 3

7 - 46
7 - MAINTENANCE

Loader hydraulic coupler lock pins


If equipped, grease the lock pins for the hydraulic coupler
every 50 hours of operation. Use Case Moly 251 EP-M.
NOTE: There are two total fittings, one on each side.

RCPH10TLB269AAF 1

4 in 1 bucket pivots and grease fittings


Grease the pivots and fittings for the 4 in 1 bucket, if
equipped, every 50 hours of operation. Use Case Moly
251 EP-M.
Bucket pivot - Two total, one on each side

RCPH10TLB258AAF 1

Cylinder, rod end - Two total, one on each side

RCPH10TLB258AAF 2

7 - 47
7 - MAINTENANCE

Cylinder, closed end - Two total, one on each


side

RCPH10TLB258AAF 3

7 - 48
7 - MAINTENANCE

Initial 100 hours

Hydraulic filter(s)
Replace the hydraulic filter after the first 100 hours on a
new machine or if a major component has been rebuilt.
Then replace the hydraulic filter every 1000 hours of op-
eration.
NOTICE: Always replace the hydraulic filter whenever the

warning lamp remains illuminated while the engine is


running.
The hydraulic filter is located under the left rear portion of
the machine just in front of the rear axle.

RCPH10TLB042AAF 1

1. Slowly open the hydraulic reservoir cap to help re-


lieve pressure.

RCPH10TLB428AAF 2

2. Clean the area around the filter head area before


removing the old filter. Wear eye protection to keep
dirt and debris from eyes.
3. Use a filter wrench and remove the old filter. Have
a suitable container ready to capture any fluid that
might leak or spill.
4. Dispose of the filter and collected fluid in accordance
with local, regional, and federal regulations.
5. Lubricate the gasket of the new filter with clean oil.
6. Install the new filter and turn it clockwise until the
gasket contacts the head of the filter assembly.
RCPH10TLB045AAF 3
7. Continue to tighten the filter for 1/3 turn.
8. Tighten the hydraulic reservoir cap.
9. Start up the engine.

7 - 49
7 - MAINTENANCE

10. After running for three or four minutes:


A. Ensure the warning lamp does not illuminate.
B. Shut down the engine.
11. Inspect for leaks.

7 - 50
7 - MAINTENANCE

Transmission filter
Replace the transmission filter after the first 100 hours on
a new machine or if a major component has been rebuilt.
1. Clean the area around the transmission dipstick and
remove the dipstick.

RCPH10TLB055AAF 1

2. Clean the area around the transmission filter head.


Clean the surrounding areas to help eliminate con-
tamination.
Powershift S-type transmission - The filter is lo-
cated on the left-hand side, near the fuel tank.

RCPH10TLB395AAF 2

Manual (powershuttle) or Powershift H-type


transmission - The filter is on the right-hand
side, between the chassis and the transmis-
sion.
3. Place a suitable container under the transmission fil-
ter to capture fluid during the procedure.
4. Remove the filter. Use a filter removal tool, if neces-
sary.

RCPH10TLB023AAF 3

5. Dispose of the filter and collected fluid in accordance


with local, regional, and federal regulations.

7 - 51
7 - MAINTENANCE

6. Lubricate the gasket of the new filter with clean oil.

NOTICE: Never use a filter removal tool to install the filter.


7. Install the new filter and turn clockwise until the gas-
ket contacts the head of the filter assembly.
8. Continue to tighten the filter another 1/3 turn.
9. Replace the transmission dipstick.
10. Start up the engine.
11. Check for leaks around the filter
12. Operate the machine in 1st and 2nd gear for a few
minutes.
13. Park the machine on a level surface.
14. Check the fluid level and add if necessary.

7 - 52
7 - MAINTENANCE

Fuel filters
Replace the fuel filters after the first 100 hours of operation
on a new machine or if a major component has been rebuilt.
Then replace the fuel filters every 500 hours of operation
or after a loss of engine power.
NOTE: The fuel tank should be full before proceeding.

580N machines
1. Open the fuel tank cap slightly to release pressure.
2. Clean the area around the inline fuel filter and the
filter head of dirt and debris.
3. Remove the inline filter. Have a suitable container
ready to capture fuel that might spill below the ma-
chine.
4. Dispose of the inline filter in accordance with local,
regional, and federal regulations.

RCPH10TLB026AAF 1

NOTICE: Do not place fuel into the new filter before installing.
5. Install the new inline filter. Make sure to follow the
arrow on the filter for proper direction.
6. Clean the area around the primary fuel filter and the
filter head of dirt and debris.
7. Remove the primary filter. Use a filter removal tool,
if necessary.
8. Apply clean engine oil to the new primary filter seal.
9. Turn the new primary filter clockwise onto the filter
head until the filter gasket makes contact with the
filter body.
10. Continue to tighten the primary filter and additional
1/2 to 3/4 turn.
RCPH10TLB048AAF 2

11. Tighten the fuel tank cap.


12. Dispose of the filters and collected fluid in accor-
dance with local, regional, and federal regulations.

7 - 53
7 - MAINTENANCE

NOTICE: Air in the fuel system causes excessive engine cranking before the engine starts. It is crucial that all air be
removed from the system.
13. WARNING
Pressurized system!
Only use the bleed screw to bleed air from
the fuel system. DO NOT loosen the fuel
or injector lines to bleed air. Injury or
damage can occur. Fuel or injector lines
are under very high pressure.
Failure to comply could result in death or
serious injury.
W0285A

Bleed air from the system. For detailed instructions,


refer to page 7-93.

580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines


1. Open the fuel tank cap slightly to release pressure.
2. Clean the area around the water separator of dirt and
debris.
3. Remove the wire connector (1) at the base of the
water separator.

RCPH10TLB030AAF 3

Press on the wire clasp that holds the connec-


tor to the drain to remove.

RCPH10TLB031AAF 4

7 - 54
7 - MAINTENANCE

4. Remove the black collar (1) and the filter (2). Use a
filter removal tool, if necessary.
5. Apply clean engine oil to the new fuel filter seal.

RCPH10TLB043AAF 5

NOTICE: Never use a filter removal tool to install a new filter.


6. Install the new filter.
7. Install the black collar and turn until it snaps into
place.
8. Continue to tighten the filter and additional 1/2 to 3/4
turn.
9. Install the wire connector. You should hear it click
into position.
10. Clean the area around the primary fuel filter of dirt
and debris.
11. Turn the primary filter counter-clockwise to remove.
Use a filter removal tool, if necessary.
12. Apply clean engine oil to the new primary filter seal.
13. Turn the new primary filter clockwise onto the filter
head until the filter gasket makes contact with the
filter body.
14. Continue to tighten the primary filter and additional
1/2 to 3/4 turn.
RCPH10TLB044AAF 6

15. Tighten the fuel tank cap.


16. Dispose of the filters and collected fluid in accor-
dance with local, regional, and federal regulations.

NOTICE: Air in the fuel system causes excessive engine cranking before the engine starts. It is crucial that all air be
removed from the system.
17. WARNING
Pressurized system!
Only use the bleed screw to bleed air from
the fuel system. DO NOT loosen the fuel
or injector lines to bleed air. Injury or
damage can occur. Fuel or injector lines
are under very high pressure.
Failure to comply could result in death or
serious injury.
W0285A

Bleed air from the system. For detailed instructions,


refer to page 7-93.

7 - 55
7 - MAINTENANCE

Service brakes
Check the operation of the service (pedal) brakes on a hard
level surface after the first 100 hours of operation.
1. Make sure the area is clear of other workers or by-
standers.
2. Lock both pedals together with the brake pedal lock.
3. Shift the transmission to 2nd gear.
4. Drive the machine forward at full throttle.
5. When the machine is moving at full speed, remove
your foot from the throttle and stop the machine.
6. The machine must stop smoothly in a straight line
and the brake pedal effort must feel firm.
NOTICE: If the machine does not stop in a straight line or
if the brake pedal effort feels soft, contact your dealer for
service.

7 - 56
7 - MAINTENANCE

Parking brake
Check the operation of the parking brake after the first 100
hours of operation. Then check the parking brake every
1000 hours of operation.
1. Make sure the area is clear of other workers or by-
standers.
2. Disconnect the connector for SAHR brake solenoid
on the transmission. For detailed instructions, refer
to page 7-103.
3. Ensure the operators seat is in the loader operation
position and fasten the seat belt.
4. Disengage four wheel drive, if equipped.
5. Engage the parking brake.
6. Place the direction control lever in neutral and the
transmission in 3rd gear.
7. Start up the engine.
8. Ensure the loader bucket, backhoe bucket, and sta-
bilizers are raised in preparation of forward travel.
9. Disengage the parking brake.
10. Place the direction control lever in forward and in-
crease the engine speed to 1500 RPM. The machine
must not move. Contact your dealer for service as
needed.
11. Connect the connector for the SAHR brake solenoid
to the transmission. The connector must be attached
before returning the machine to operation. For de-
tailed instructions, refer to page 7-103.
12. Test the parking brake to ensure it engages and dis-
engages correctly. For example, transmission is de-
clutched when the parking brake is applied.

7 - 57
7 - MAINTENANCE

Every 100 hours

Backhoe swing control


Grease the two fittings for the swing pedals, if equipped,
every 100 hours of operation.
1. Remove the two plastic plugs on the backside of the
backhoe control tower to access the fittings.
2. Wipe dirt and debris away from the fittings and
around the area.
3. Grease the fittings with Case Moly 251 EP-M and
replace the plugs.

RCPH10TLB128AAF 1

Extendable dipper control


Grease the fitting of the foot pedal control for the extend-
able dipper, if equipped, every 100 hours of operation.
1. Remove the plastic plug on the backside of the back-
hoe control tower to access the fitting.
2. Wipe dirt and debris away from the fitting and around
the area.
3. Grease the fitting with Case Moly 251 EP-M and re-
place the plug.

RCPH10TLB175AAF 1

7 - 58
7 - MAINTENANCE

Spark arresting muffler


Inspect and clean the spark arresting muffler every 100
hours of operation.

WARNING
Burn hazard!
Exhaust surfaces are hot! Always wear protec-
tive gloves when cleaning or working on the
muffler, catalytic converter, or exhaust stack.
Failure to comply could result in death or seri-
ous injury.
W0329A

Ensure the engine and exhaust components have


completely cooled.
1. Inspect the muffler for breaks in the metal or weld-
ments. If damage is found, replace the muffler. If
damage is not found, continue with the steps to clean
the muffler.
2. Place a suitable collection container under the muf-
fler cleanout plugs (pipe plugs).
3. Remove the cleanout plugs. Particles or soot mixed
with condensation or other oily liquids may drain from
the muffler.
4. When the initial drainage has stopped, gently tap the
muffler near the location of the cleanout plugs to re-
move additional particles or soot. Be careful not to
damage the muffler.

RCPH10TLB434AAF 1

5. Use an approved, industrial vacuum cleaner, if avail-


able, to complete the muffler cleaning.
6. If an approved, industrial vacuum cleaner is not avail-
able:
A. Start up the engine.
B. Place the direction control lever and transmis-
sion in neutral.
C. Alternately place the engine in low and high
idle (or as directed by the attachment) for two
to three minutes.
D. Shut down the engine.
E. Allow the engine and exhaust components to
completely cool.
7. Install the cleanout plugs.
8. Dispose of collected particles or soot in accordance
with local, regional, and federal regulations.

7 - 59
7 - MAINTENANCE

Every 250 hours

Battery
WARNING
Hazardous chemicals!
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid. Contact with skin and eyes could result in severe irritation
and burns. Always wear splash-proof goggles and protective clothing (gloves and aprons). Wash
hands after handling.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0006A

Check the batteries for dirt, corrosion, and damage every


250 hours of operation.
Dirt mixed with electrolyte or moisture on the top of the
battery can cause a discharged condition in the battery.
1. If your machine is equipped with a tool box, use a 16
mm tool to release the tool box pivot.
2. Use a 13 mm tool to remove the battery access door.
3. Use baking soda or ammonia and flush the outside
of the battery with water.
4. Use the Case battery saver to prevent corrosion on
the battery terminals. Follow the instructions on the
bottle. The battery saver does not require water. If
the battery saver is not available, use a suitable, spe-
cial cleaner designed to prevent corrosion.
5. Keep the battery vents clean. Make sure the vents
are not restricted.

7 - 60
7 - MAINTENANCE

Air conditioning belt


Inspect the tension of the air conditioning belt every 250
hours of operation.

580N machines
1. Check the belt at the location shown with a belt ten-
sion gauge. Specification is 61 - 74 Nm (45 - 55 lb
ft).

RCPH10TLB024AAF 1

2. If the belt tension does not meet specification:


A. Loosen the bracket pivot bolt (1).
B. Loosen the two compressor bracket pivot bolts
(2).
C. Pry the compressor bracket out away from the
machine to tighten the belt. Allow it to move
inboard to loosen.
D. When adjustment is complete, tighten the two
compressor bracket pivot bolts and the bracket
pivot bolts.

RCPH10TLB024AAF 2

580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines


1. Check the belt at the location shown with a belt ten-
sion gauge. Specification is 122 - 149 Nm (90 - 110
lb ft).

RCPH10TLB020AAF 3

7 - 61
7 - MAINTENANCE

2. If the belt tension does not meet specification:


A. Loosen the pivot bolt (1).
B. Loosen the lock nut (2).
C. Turn the adjustment bolt (3) clockwise to
tighten the belt. Turn the adjustment bolt
counter-clockwise to loosen the belt.
D. When adjustment is complete, tighten the ad-
justment bolt lock nut and the bracket pivot
bolt.

RCPH10TLB019AAF 4

7 - 62
7 - MAINTENANCE

Front axle fluid level - Four wheel drive


NOTE: The illustrations may not match your machine. The drain plugs, drain position, and the check/fill position are
the same.
Check the oil level of the front wheel drive axle every 250
hours of operation.
NOTE: You must check the center bowl and planetary
ends.
1. Raise the wheels about 25 mm (1 in) above the sur-
face with the loader.
2. Rotate each wheel so that the oil level plug is in the
position shown.
3. Lower the loader to place the wheels on the surface.
4. Slowly remove the plug. Oil should be even with the
plug orifice.
5. Add oil as needed.
6. Install the plug.
7. Repeat the procedure for the other wheel.

RCPH10TLB393AAF 1

8. Slowly remove the plug from the center bowl. Oil


should be even with the orifice.

RCPH10TLB059AAF 2

9. Add oil as needed.


10. Install the plug.

7 - 63
7 - MAINTENANCE

Front axle breather


Clean the front axle breather every 250 hours of operation.
If you operate the machine in severe conditions, clean it
more frequently.
The front axle breather is located on the left side of the front
axle.
1. Remove dirt and debris from the area around the
breather and clean with solvent.
2. CAUTION
Eye injury hazard!
Wear protective goggles when using
compressed air.
Failure to comply could result in minor or RCPH10TLB058AAF 1
moderate injury.
C0035A

Blow dry the area with compressed air.


3. Spin the top cap to ensue that it is free to turn.

Front axle drive shaft


Grease the front slip spline every 250 hours of operation.
Use Case Moly 251 EP-M.

RCPH10TLB430AAF 1

7 - 64
7 - MAINTENANCE

Rear axle fluid level


Check the oil level of the rear axle every 250 hours.
1. Place the machine on a firm level surface.
2. Slowly remove the oil check/fill plug. Oil should be
even with the plug orifice.
3. Add oil as needed.
4. Install the plug.

RCPH09TLB006AAF 1

Rear axle breather


Clean the rear axle breather every 250 hours of operation.
If you operate the machine in severe conditions, clean it
more frequently.
1. Remove dirt and debris from the area around the
breather and clean with solvent.
2. CAUTION
Eye injury hazard!
Wear protective goggles when using
compressed air.
Failure to comply could result in minor or
moderate injury.
C0035A
RCPH10TLB295AAF 1

Blow dry the area with compressed air.


3. Spin the top cap to ensue that it is free to turn.

Rear axle drive shaft


Grease the rear axle drive shaft every 250 hours of opera-
tion. Use Case Moly 251 EP-M.

RCPH10TLB061AAF 1

7 - 65
7 - MAINTENANCE

Fuel tank
Inspect the fuel tank for water and sediment every 250
hours of operation.
1. Park the machine on a firm, level surface.
2. Place a collection container under the drain plug for
the fuel tank and slowly remove the drain plug.
NOTE: The drain plug for the fuel tank is underneath the
machine. Illustration shows looking up at the drain plug.
3. Allow a small amount of fluid into the collection con-
tainer and install and tighten the drain plug.
4. If water or sediment is found, drain and clean the fuel
tank as needed.

RCPH10TLB358AAF 1

7 - 66
7 - MAINTENANCE

Transmission fluid level


Check the fluid level of the transmission every 250 hours
of operation.
1. WARNING
Rotating parts!
The engine is running. Keep clear of ro-
tating fans and belts.
Failure to comply could result in death or
serious injury.
W0275A

Start up the engine. The engine must be running to


accurately check the transmission fluid level.
2. Turn the dipstick handle counter-clockwise and pull
out the dipstick.

RCPH10TLB055AAF 1

3. Check the fluid level on the dipstick. The level should


be between the high (H) mark and the (L) mark.

RCPH10TLB054AAF 2

4. Add fluid as needed. Do not fill above the high mark.

7 - 67
7 - MAINTENANCE

Air conditioning compressor seals


Run the air conditioning to lubricate the compressor seals
every 250 hours of operation.
1. WARNING
Rotating parts!
The engine is running. Keep clear of ro-
tating fans and belts.
Failure to comply could result in death or
serious injury.
W0275A

Start up the engine. The engine must be running for


this procedure.
2. In temperatures below 0 C (32 F), put a cover over
the air conditioning condenser. This ensures the re-
frigerant and lubricants in the system are at operating
temperature.
3. Turn the air conditioning control to the maximum set-
ting and run for at least 15 minutes.

7 - 68
7 - MAINTENANCE

Every 500 hours

ROPS cab and seat mount

RCPH10TLB007GAF 1

Check the ROPS canopy or cab, the lower frame, and the
seat mount every 500 hours of operation for damage or
wear and for proper hardware torque.
1. Check the torque of the ROPS mounting bolts. Spec-
ification is 298 - 358 Nm (220 - 264 lb ft).
2. Tighten the bolts as needed.
3. Check the seat mounting bolts for damage, wear, or
looseness.
4. Tighten or change the mounting bolts as needed.

7 - 69
7 - MAINTENANCE

5. Check the seat belt, buckles, retractors, tethers, and


slack take-up system for damage or wear. Keep
sharp edges and items that can cause damage away
from the belts.
6. Replace as need. Replace belts that have cuts that
make the belt weak.
7. Check for cracks, rust, or holes in the ROPS and
ROPS parts. Age, weather, and accidents can cause
damage to the ROPS and ROPS parts. If you have
any doubt about the integrity of the ROPS system,
contact your dealer.

7 - 70
7 - MAINTENANCE

Operators seat
Inspect, clean, and lubricate the operators seat every 500
hours of operation.
1. Clean the seat slides.
2. Apply graphite grease to the seat slides.

RCPH10TLB182AAF 1

NOTICE: Do not apply graphite grease to the bearing area. Use compressed air only, to clear dirt and debris.
3. CAUTION
Eye injury hazard!
Wear protective goggles when using
compressed air.
Failure to comply could result in minor or
moderate injury.
C0035A

Use compressed air to keep the seat bearing area


clear of debris and dirt.

RCPH10TLB182AAF 2

4. Tip the backrest fully forward.


5. Wipe the area clean with a rag.
6. Apply graphite grease to the tilt mechanism (3) on
each side.

RCPH10TLB131AAF 3

7 - 71
7 - MAINTENANCE

Fuel filters
Replace the fuel filters every 500 hours of operation or if
there is a loss of engine power.
NOTE: The fuel tank should be full before proceeding.

580N machines
1. Open the fuel tank cap slightly to release pressure.
2. Clean the area around the inline fuel filter and the
filter head of dirt and debris.
3. Remove the inline filter. Have a suitable container
ready to capture fuel that might spill below the ma-
chine.
4. Dispose of the inline filter in accordance with local,
regional, and federal regulations.

RCPH10TLB026AAF 1

NOTICE: Do not place fuel into the new filter before installing.
5. Install the new inline filter. Make sure to follow the
arrow on the filter for proper direction.
6. Clean the area around the primary fuel filter and the
filter head of dirt and debris.
7. Remove the primary filter. Use a filter removal tool,
if necessary.
8. Apply clean engine oil to the new primary filter seal.
9. Turn the new primary filter clockwise onto the filter
head until the filter gasket makes contact with the
filter body.
10. Continue to tighten the primary filter and additional
1/2 to 3/4 turn.
RCPH10TLB048AAF 2

11. Tighten the fuel tank cap.


12. Dispose of the filters and collected fluid in accor-
dance with local, regional, and federal regulations.

7 - 72
7 - MAINTENANCE

NOTICE: Air in the fuel system causes excessive engine cranking before the engine starts. It is crucial that all air be
removed from the system.
13. WARNING
Pressurized system!
Only use the bleed screw to bleed air from
the fuel system. DO NOT loosen the fuel
or injector lines to bleed air. Injury or
damage can occur. Fuel or injector lines
are under very high pressure.
Failure to comply could result in death or
serious injury.
W0285A

Bleed air from the system. For detailed instructions,


refer to page 7-93.

580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines


1. Open the fuel tank cap slightly to release pressure.
2. Clean the area around the water separator of dirt and
debris.
3. Remove the wire connector (1) at the base of the
water separator.

RCPH10TLB030AAF 3

Press in on the connector clasp to release.

RCPH10TLB031AAF 4

7 - 73
7 - MAINTENANCE

4. Remove the black collar (1) and the filter (2). Use a
filter removal tool, if necessary.
5. Apply clean engine oil to the new fuel filter seal.

RCPH10TLB043AAF 5

NOTICE: Never use a filter removal tool to install a new filter.


6. Install the new filter.
7. Install the black collar and turn until it snaps into
place.
8. Continue to tighten the filter and additional 1/2 to 3/4
turn.
9. Install the wire connector. You should hear it click
into position.
10. Clean the area around the primary fuel filter of dirt
and debris.
11. Turn the primary filter counter-clockwise to remove.
Use a filter removal tool, if necessary.
12. Apply clean engine oil to the new primary filter seal.
13. Turn the new primary filter clockwise onto the filter
head until the filter gasket makes contact with the
filter body.
14. Continue to tighten the primary filter and additional
1/2 to 3/4 turn.
RCPH10TLB044AAF 6

15. Tighten the fuel tank cap.


16. Dispose of the filters and collected fluid in accor-
dance with local, regional, and federal regulations.

NOTICE: Air in the fuel system causes excessive engine cranking before the engine starts. It is crucial that all air be
removed from the system.
17. WARNING
Pressurized system!
Only use the bleed screw to bleed air from
the fuel system. DO NOT loosen the fuel
or injector lines to bleed air. Injury or
damage can occur. Fuel or injector lines
are under very high pressure.
Failure to comply could result in death or
serious injury.
W0285A

Bleed air from the system. For detailed instructions,


refer to page 7-93.

7 - 74
7 - MAINTENANCE

Engine oil and filter


Change the engine oil and replace the filter after every 500
hours of operation or once a year, whichever occurs first.
1. Start up the engine and run until the engine is warm.
A warm engine allows a more complete removal of
foreign material.
2. Clean around the engine oil dipstick, oil pan drain
plug, engine fill cap, and engine oil filter and head.
3. Slowly open the drain plug for the engine oil pan and
drain the oil into a suitable container. The drain plug
is on the left side of the oil pan.

RCPH10TLB430AAF 1

4. Turn the oil filter counter-clockwise to remove. Use


a filter removal tool, if necessary.
5. Dispose of the filter and collected oil in accordance
with local, regional, and federal regulations.
6. Use a clean cloth and wipe the sealing surface of the
oil filter base to remove all dirt.
7. Apply a thin layer of clean grease or oil to the gasket
of the new oil filter.

RCPH10TLB034AAF 2

NOTICE: Do not use a filter wrench to install the oil filter. The wrench can dent the filter and cause a leak.
8. Turn the new oil filter onto the base until the gasket
makes contact with the base.
9. Continue to tighten the filter for 3/4 turn.
10. Install the drain plug for the engine oil tank.
11. Put new oil into the engine.

7 - 75
7 - MAINTENANCE

Every 600 hours

Battery fluid level


WARNING
Hazardous chemicals!
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid. Contact with skin and eyes could result in severe irritation
and burns. Always wear splash-proof goggles and protective clothing (gloves and aprons). Wash
hands after handling.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0006A

Check the battery fluid level every 600 hours of operation


or every 120 days, whichever comes first. You should also
check the battery fluid level if the machine has not been
operated in a long time.
NOTE: In very warm climates, it is highly recommended
that you check the fluid on a monthly basis.
1. Shut down the engine.
2. Clean the area around the battery to prevent external
material or contaminants from entering the battery
vent wells.

NOTICE: Use caution when working with metallic tools or conductors. Contact can create sparks and short circuits.
3. Use a Phillips head screwdriver and remove the cap
(2) for the vent well (2).

RCPH10TLB291AAF 1

4. Check the fluid level in each vent cell. Specification


(2) is 3 - 10 mm (0.12 - 0.39 in) from the base of the
vent well (1) to the start of the electrolyte level.
5. Add distilled water to each cell as needed.

RCPH10TLB396AAF 2

6. Reinstall the vent cap and tighten the screw. Do not


overtighten! Screw torque must not exceed 1 Nm
(12 lb in).

7 - 76
7 - MAINTENANCE

7. In temperatures of 0 C (32 F) and below, connect


a battery charger to the batteries (or run the engine)
for approximately two hours to ensure the electrolyte
mixes with the added water.

7 - 77
7 - MAINTENANCE

Every 1000 hours

Hydraulic fluid and filter(s)


Change the hydraulic fluid and filter after 1000 hours of
operation. If a major component of the system has been
replaced or rebuilt, change the filter after the initial 10 hours
of operation.

NOTICE: Always replace the hydraulic filter whenever the warning lamp remains illuminated while the engine is
running at normal operating temperature.
1. Start up the engine and run until the hydraulic fluid is
near operating temperature.
2. Clean the areas around the hydraulic reservoir cap,
the hydraulic reservoir drain plug, and the hydraulic
filter.
3. Slowing remove the fill cap (1) for the hydraulic reser-
voir.
4. Place a suitable container under the drain plug (2) for
the hydraulic reservoir and slowly remove the drain
plug.
5. Allow the fluid to completely drain.

RCPH10TLB428AAF 1

6. Turn the hydraulic filter counter-clockwise to remove.


Use a filter removal tool, if necessary.
7. Lubricate the gasket on the new filter with clean oil.
8. Install the new filter and turn clockwise until the gas-
ket makes contact with the filter head assembly.

RCPH10TLB045AAF 2

9. Continue to tighten the filter for 1/3 turn.


10. Dispose of the filter and collected fluid in accordance
with local, regional, and federal regulations.
11. Install the hydraulic reservoir plug.
12. Fill the hydraulic reservoir to specification.
13. Replace the reservoir fill cap.

NOTICE: Failure to charge the hydraulic pump can cause severe damage to the hydraulic pump and the machine.
14. Charge the hydraulic pump. Refer to the Service
Manual or contact your dealer for the proper start up
procedure.

7 - 78
7 - MAINTENANCE

15. Before starting the engine, ensure


the new hydraulic filter is installed and tight-
ened correctly.
the drain plug for the hydraulic reservoir is in-
stalled and tightened correctly.
the hydraulic pump is charged.
16. Start up the engine.
17. Operate the loader and backhoe controls for three to
four minutes.
NOTE: Ensure the warning lamp does not illuminate.
18. Shut down the engine and inspect for leaks.
19. Check the fluid level and add as needed.
NOTE: When the hydraulic fluid is low, a small amount of
hydraulic fluid will remain on the lower portion of the sight
gauge window. This condition does not show a correct fluid
level.

7 - 79
7 - MAINTENANCE

Hydraulic reservoir breather


Change the breather for the hydraulic reservoir after 1000
hours of operation.
1. Clean the areas around the top of the hydraulic reser-
voir, including the breather and the hydraulic tubing
above the breather.

RCPH10TLB427AAF 1

2. Slowly remove the fill cap for the hydraulic reservoir.


3. After pressure is released, replace the reservoir cap.

RCPH10TLB428AAF 2

4. Remove and discard the breather from the hydraulic


reservoir tank. Turn counter-clockwise to unscrew.
5. Ensure the o-ring is seated correctly in the new
breather and install the new breather in the hydraulic
reservoir tank. Turn clockwise to tighten. Hand
tighten or tighten to approximately 10 Nm (7.4 lb ft).

RCPH10TLB427AAF 3

7 - 80
7 - MAINTENANCE

Cab intake filter


Clean and inspect the cab air intake filter every 1000 hours
of operation.
1. Remove the two thumb screws that hold the cab air
intake filter in place.
2. Pull the filter out and inspect for dirt and debris.
Clean or replace as needed.

RCPH10TLB345AAF 1

Engine valve
Adjust the engine valves every 1000 hours of operation.
Contact your dealer to for service. Special tools are re-
quired.

Crankcase ventilation filter


Replace the crankcase ventilation (CCV) filter every 1000
hours of operation.
Refer to the Service Manual or contact your dealer for ser-
vice.

7 - 81
7 - MAINTENANCE

Front axle fluid


NOTE: Two wheel drive axles only.
Change the front axle fluid every 1000 hours of operation.
1. Start up the engine and run until the front axle fluid
is at operating temperature.
2. Use the loader and raise the front wheels about 25
mm (1 in) above the surface.
3. Rotate both front wheels so that the oil level plug is
in the drain position, as shown.

RCPH10TLB069AAF 1

4. Lower the loader to place the wheels on the surface.


5. Clean the areas around the planetary plugs.
6. Place a suitable container under the planetary drain
plugs and slowly remove the plugs.
7. Clean the areas around the check/fill plug (1) and the
drain plug (2) for the center bowl.
8. Slowly remove the check/fill plug.
9. Place a suitable container under the drain plug and
slowly remove the plug.
10. After the oil has drained from the axle, install the
drain plug.

RCPH10TLB059AAF 2

11. Use the loader and raise the front wheels about 25
mm (1 in) above the ground.
12. Rotate both front wheels to the check/fill position, as
shown.

RCPH10TLB067AAF 3

7 - 82
7 - MAINTENANCE

13. Lower the loader to place the wheels on the surface.


14. Fill the axle at the center bowl check/fill plug and at
the planetary check/fill plugs to specification. Fluid
should just begin to flow out of the openings, when
at the proper level.
15. Install the center bowl and the planetary check/fill
plugs.

7 - 83
7 - MAINTENANCE

Rear axle fluid


Change the rear axle fluid every 1000 hours of operation.
1. Start up the engine and run until the rear axle fluid is
at operating temperature.
2. Clean the areas around the axle drain plug (2) and
the check/fill plug (1).
3. Place a suitable container under the axle drain plug
and slowly remove the plug.

RCPH09TLB006AAF 1

4. Clean the area around the left rear (1) and the right
rear planetary drain plug.
5. Place containers under the planetary drain plugs and
drain.

RCPH10TLB068AAF 2

6. Install the axle drain plug and both planetary drain


plugs.
7. Remove the check/fill plug and fill to specification.

7 - 84
7 - MAINTENANCE

Transmission fluid and filter


Change the transmission fluid, replace the transmission fil-
ter, and clean the transmission breather every 1000 hours
of operation.
1. Clean the area around the transmission dipstick area
and remove the dipstick.

RCPH10TLB055AAF 1

2. Clean the area around the transmission filter.


Powershift S-type transmission - The filter is lo-
cated on the left-hand side, near the fuel tank.

RCPH10TLB395AAF 2

Manual (powershuttle) or Powershift H-type


transmission - The filter is on the right-hand
side, between the chassis and the transmis-
sion.
3. Have a suitable container ready and remove the
transmission filter. Use a filter removal tool, if nec-
essary.

RCPH10TLB023AAF 3

7 - 85
7 - MAINTENANCE

4. Clean the area around the transmission drain plug.


5. Place a suitable container under the transmission
drain plug and slowly remove the drain plug.

RCPH09TLB004AAF 4

6. After all the fluid has drained from the system, lu-
bricate the gasket of the new transmission filter with
clean oil.

NOTICE: Never use a filter removal tool to install the filter.


7. Install the new filter and turn clockwise until the gas-
ket contacts the head of the filter assembly.
8. Continue to tighten the filter another 1/3 turn.
9. Install the transmission drain plug.
10. Fill the system to specification.
11. Install the transmission dipstick.
12. Start up the engine.
13. Check for leaks around the filter.
14. Operate the machine in 1st and 2nd gear for several
minutes.
15. Park the machine on a level surface and, with the
engine running, check the fluid level.
16. Add fluid as needed.

7 - 86
7 - MAINTENANCE

Engine air filters


Replace the engine air filter elements and clean the air filter
housing every 1000 hours of operation.
NOTICE: Always service the air filter elements whenever

the warning lamp remains illuminated while the engine


is running.
1. Clean the area around the outside front cover of the
air filter housing.
2. Inspect the hose clamps and hose component that
attach to the air filter housing.
3. Release the clips that secure the air filter housing
cover in place.

RCPH10TLB036AAF 1

4. Remove the primary filter.

RCPH10TLB037AAF 2

5. Remove the secondary filter.

RCPH10TLB038AAF 3

6. Dispose of the filters in accordance with local, re-


gional, and federal regulations.

7 - 87
7 - MAINTENANCE

7. Clean the filter housing and cover of dirt and debris.

RCPH10TLB039AAF 4

8. Install the secondary air filter.


9. Install the primary air filter.
10. Fasten the clips that secure the air filter housing in
place.
11. Start up the engine.
12. Ensure the warning lamp does not illuminate.

7 - 88
7 - MAINTENANCE

Parking brake
Check the operation of the parking brake every 1000 hours
of operation.
1. Make sure the area is clear of other workers or by-
standers.
2. Disconnect the connector for SAHR brake solenoid
on the transmission. For detailed instructions, refer
to page 7-103.
3. Ensure the operators seat is in the loader operation
position and fasten the seat belt.
4. Disengage four wheel drive, if equipped.
5. Engage the parking brake.
6. Place the direction control lever in neutral and the
transmission in 3rd gear.
7. Start up the engine.
8. Ensure the loader bucket, backhoe bucket, and sta-
bilizers are raised in preparation of forward travel.
9. Disengage the parking brake.
10. Place the direction control lever in forward and in-
crease the engine speed to 1500 RPM. The machine
must not move. Contact your dealer for service as
needed.
11. Connect the connector for the SAHR brake solenoid
to the transmission. The connector must be attached
before returning the machine to operation. For de-
tailed instructions, refer to page 7-103.
12. Test the parking brake to ensure it engages and dis-
engages correctly. For example, transmission is de-
clutched when the parking brake is applied.

7 - 89
7 - MAINTENANCE

Every 2000 hours

Cooling system
CAUTION
Burn hazard!
Hot coolant can spray out if you remove the filler cap while the system is hot. After the system has
cooled, turn the filler cap to the first notch and wait for all pressure to release before proceeding.
Failure to comply could result in minor or moderate injury.
C0043A

Drain, flush, and replace the engine coolant every 2000


hours of operation or every year, whichever comes first.
1. Shut down the engine.
2. Allow time for the engine and the coolant to cool.
3. Use a 16 mm tool to remove the six bolts (1) that
secure the radiator bumpers (2) and remove the
bumpers.

RCPH10TLB193AAF 1

4. Tip the grille up from the bottom and lift away from
the machine.

RCPH10TLB150AAF 2

5. Place a piece of hose onto the radiator drain valve


and drain into a suitable container.

RCPH10TLB040AAF 3

7 - 90
7 - MAINTENANCE

6. CAUTION
Burn hazard!
Hot coolant can spray out if you remove
the filler cap while the system is hot. After
the system has cooled, turn the filler cap
to the first notch and wait for all pressure
to release before proceeding.
Failure to comply could result in minor or
moderate injury.
C0043A

Open the filler cap on the deaeration reservoir.


Open the filler cap by slowing turning the cap
counter-clockwise until it is removed. It is not nec- RCPH10TLB032AAF 4

essary to remove the hoses in order to remove the


cap.
7. Use a 13 mm tool to remove the two bolts that secure
the coolers.
8. Swing the coolers out and clean of dirt and debris.
9. Check the hoses, elbows, and system components
for wear or damage.
10. After cleaning, swing the coolers back in and replace
the two bolts.

RCPH10TLB041AAF 5

11. After all the coolant has been drained, close the drain
valve. Do not detach the drain hose.
12. Add Case radiator flush and follow the directions on
container.
13. After the Case radiator flush has been used, close
the radiator drain valve and detach the drain hose.
14. Add a mixture of 50 % ethylene glycol and 50 % water
into the deaeration reservoir until the level reaches
between the COLD MIN mark (2) and the HOT MAX
mark (1) on the tank.
15. Install the filler cap.

RCPH10TLB032AAF 6

16. Start up the engine.


17. Run the engine for a few minutes and stop the engine
before it reaches operating temperature.
18. Check the system for leaks.
19. Start up the engine again and allow the engine to
reach operating temperature.

7 - 91
7 - MAINTENANCE

20. Shut down the engine.


21. Check the fluid level in the deaeration reservoir.
22. If necessary, allow the components to cool and add
coolant to the reservoir.

7 - 92
7 - MAINTENANCE

As required

Bleed air from the fuel system


NOTICE: Air in the fuel system causes excessive engine cranking before the engine starts. It is crucial that all air be
removed from the system.
WARNING
Pressurized system!
Only use the bleed screw to bleed air from
the fuel system. DO NOT loosen the fuel
or injector lines to bleed air. Injury or
damage can occur. Fuel or injector lines
are under very high pressure.
Failure to comply could result in death or
serious injury.
W0285A

Remove the air from the fuel system if one or more


of these conditions have been met:
The fuel filters are replaced.
The components of the fuel system have been
replaced or serviced.
The machine has been stored for three months
or more.
The engine has stopped because the fuel tank
ran dry.
1. 580N machines:
A. Loosen the bleed screw on the head of the
primary filter head. Loosen two or three turns
with a 13 mm tool.

RCPH10TLB048AAF 1

B. Activate the hand primer pump until fuel with


no air flows from the bleed screw.
C. Tighten the bleed screw.

RCPH10TLB050AAF 2

7 - 93
7 - MAINTENANCE

2. 580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines:


A. Open the bleed screw (2) on the head of the
water separator.
B. Activate the hand primer (1) until fuel flows
freely from the bleed screw. Approximately 35
to 45 pumps.
C. Tighten the bleed screw.

RCPH10TLB043AAF 3

D. Loosen the bleed screw on the head of the


primary filter head. Loosen two or three turns
with a 13 mm tool.
E. Activate the hand primer on the water separa-
tor head until fuel flows freely from the bleed
screw on the primary filter. Approximately 100
to 125 pumps.
F. Tighten the bleed screw on the primary filter.

RCPH10TLB044AAF 4

3. Start up the engine.


DO NOT crank the engine for more than 30
seconds.
If the engine will not start, repeat the bleeding
process.
NOTE: The engine will start hard the next four or five times.
Generally, the engine will crank for ten seconds the second
time it is started and about five seconds the third time it is
started.
4. Run the engine for several minutes and then shut
down the engine.

7 - 94
7 - MAINTENANCE

Prime turbocharger lines


Prime the turbocharger lines with oil whenever the machine
has not been run for several weeks.
1. Prevent the engine from starting:
580N machines: Disconnect the electrical con-
nector to the injection pump solenoid.

RCPH10TLB284AAF 1

580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines: Dis-


connect the three electrical connectors on the
ECU.
NOTE: The third connector is behind the hose in the illus-
tration.

RCPH10TLB046AAF 2

2. Ensure all workers or bystanders are clear of the


machine and sound the horn to signal that you are
cranking the engine.
3. Turn the key switch to the START position and crank
the starter for 10 to 15 seconds.
4. Reconnect the electrical connectors you removed in
step 1.
5. Ensure all workers or bystanders are clear of the ma-
chine and sound the horn to signal that you are start-
ing the engine.
6. Start the engine and run at idle speed for two min-
utes.
7. Shut down the engine and check for leaks.
8. Allow time for the engine oil to drain to the bottom of
the pan and then check the oil level.
9. Add oil as needed.

7 - 95
7 - MAINTENANCE

Hydraulic pump
NOTICE: Failure to charge the hydraulic pump can cause severe damage to the hydraulic pump and the machine.
Charge the hydraulic pump whenever the hydraulic fluid
supply to the pump has been interrupted due to hydraulic
fluid change, pump replacement, or a broken line. Refer
to the Service Manual or contact your dealer for the proper
start up procedure.

7 - 96
7 - MAINTENANCE

Tire pressure
DANGER
Explosion hazard!
Welding to a wheel can create an explosive air and gas mixture. Removing air from the tire or loosen-
ing the tire on the wheel (breaking the bead) will NOT eliminate the hazard. ALWAYS remove the tire
completely from the wheel before welding.
Failure to comply will result in death or serious injury.
D0033A

WARNING
Explosion hazard!
When inflating tires, use a clip-on air chuck with a gauge, remote valve, and hose long enough to
allow you to stand to one side and NOT in front of or over the wheel assembly. Keep others out of the
DANGER AREA. Never inflate a tire beyond the maximum allowable pressure printed on the tire.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0059A

Check the condition and pressure of the tires as needed.


Tires will loose air on a regular basis. Check the tire pres-
sure and condition more often when working in extreme
conditions or weather.
NOTE: Tire inflation pressure affects the amount of weight
that a tire may carry.
It is recommended that you have a qualified tire mechanic
service the tires and rims on these machines. It is recom-
mended that you have this mechanic inflate the tires.
Inspect the tire for damaged tread or side walls.
Inspect the rim for damage.
Confirm that the wheel is properly mounted to
the machine.
Use an air hose with a remote shutoff and
stand behind the tire tread.

RCPH10TLB072AAF 1

7 - 97
7 - MAINTENANCE

Operators seat
Check the condition of the seat cover and the moving
parts. Clean or grease as needed.
Clean the seat cover.
Grease the seat slides.
Clean the bearing area. DO NOT grease the
bearing area.
Grease backrest tilt mechanism.
Replace the armrest pads.

Seat cover
Always try to clean the stain or loose dirt as soon as pos-
sible.
1. Brush and vacuum loose dirt.
2. Clean using cold water on cloth covers or warm
soapy water on vinyl covers. If additional treatment
is needed, use an automobile or home product
cleaner for the same cover type.
NOTE: If alcohol based cleaners are used, on either cloth
or vinyl, it is recommended to test a small area first.

Seat slides and bearing area


1. Use graphite grease to grease the seat slides (1).
NOTICE: Do not apply graphite grease to the bearing area.
Use compressed air only to clear dirt and debris.
2. CAUTION
Eye injury hazard!
Wear protective goggles when using
compressed air.
Failure to comply could result in minor or
moderate injury.
C0035A

Use compressed air to keep the seat bearing area


RCPH10TLB182AAF 1
(2) clear of debris and dirt.

Backrest tilt mechanism


1. Tip the backrest fully forward.
2. Grease the tilt mechanism on each side with graphite
grease.

RCPH10TLB131AAF 2

7 - 98
7 - MAINTENANCE

Armrest pad
1. To remove the armrest pad (2), loosen the screw (1)
at the front, underside of the armrest.
2. To install the armrest pad, snap the rear of the pad
into position. Secure the front of the pad with the
screw.

RCPH10TLB174AAF 3

7 - 99
7 - MAINTENANCE

Grille screen and radiator area


Check the radiator, coolers, and engine compartment for
build up of debris, dirt, and other material that might impede
cooling components.
1. Shut down the engine and place a Do Not Operate
tag on the key switch.
2. Allow time for the engine to cool.
3. Use a 16 mm tool to remove the six bolts (1) that
secure the radiator bumpers (2).
4. Remove the radiator bumpers.

RCPH10TLB193AAF 1

5. Tip the grille up from the bottom and lift away from
the machine.

RCPH10TLB150AAF 2

6. Use a 13 mm tool to remove the two bolts that secure


the coolers.
7. Swing the coolers out to clean.

RCPH10TLB041AAF 3

7 - 100
7 - MAINTENANCE

Fan belt
Replace the fan drive belt as needed.
1. Remove the air conditioning belt, if equipped.
2. Install a 1/2 inch breaker bar in the tension pulley
bracket.

RCPH10TLB052AAF 1

3. Push the breaker bar up just enough to release the


tension on the fan drive belt.
4. Remove the fan drive belt first from the water pump
pulley, and then from the other pulleys.
5. Remove the old fan drive belt.
6. Install the new fan drive belt on the water pump pulley
and the crankshaft pulley.
7. Use the breaker bar to move the tension pulley
bracket just far enough to install the fan drive belt on
the alternator pulley.
8. Remove the breaker bar.
9. Reinstall the air conditioning drive belt, if equipped.

7 - 101
7 - MAINTENANCE

Ride control accumulator


WARNING
Pressurized system!
The accumulator contains highly pressurized nitrogen gas. If the accumulator system does not func-
tion correctly, replace the accumulator. DO NOT attempt to repair the accumulator.
Failure to comply could result in death or serious injury.
W0290A

If the ride control accumulator must be replaced for any


reason, always follow the instruction on the decal located
on the accumulator mounting plate.
1. Discharge all hydraulic pressure from the hydraulic
system.
2. Disconnect the hydraulic line between the accumu-
lator and the solenoid valves.
3. Test the accumulator and solenoid. Refer to the Ser-
vice Manual for complete instructions.

Pilot control accumulator


NOTE: Machines with backhoe pilot controls only.
The pilot control accumulator allows the backhoe to be low-
ered to the ground with the engine off. It also allows pres-
sure to be relieved from backhoe hydraulic circuits.
Replace the pilot control accumulator as needed.
1. Raise the backhoe dipper so that it is parallel to the
ground.
2. Shut off the engine.
3. Turn the key switch to the ON position but DO NOT
start up the engine.
4. Press the emblem end of the backhoe and stabilizer
control switch to activate all backhoe controls.
NOTE: When turning the backhoe and stabilizer control
switch to the ON position, wait approximately half a second
before activating the stabilizers, extendahoe (if equipped)
or bi-directional auxiliary hydraulics (if equipped). If an op-
erator attempts to operate the functions before the delay
passes, the functions will not operate. Cycle the power
switch and wait for the delay to pass.
5. Move each pilot control joystick in one complete cir-
cle, stopping in the neutral (center) position.
6. Lower the dipper. If the dipper lowers, the accumu-
lator is working correctly.

7 - 102
7 - MAINTENANCE

Disable parking brake


For disabled loader backhoes, disable the parking brake
whenever the parking brake fails to disengage.
1. Chock the wheels to prevent movement.
2. Remove the mat and floor plate.
3. Locate the solenoid block for the parking brake on
the transmission.
4. Clean the area of dirt and debris.

RCPH10TLB064AAF 1

5. Remove the two bolts that secure the solenoid block.

RCPH10TLB065AAF 2

6. Carefully lift up and rotate the solenoid block 90 (1).


7. Reinstall the bolts and tighten the bolts to a torque of
20 Nm (15 lb ft).
8. Attach the grease supply to the fitting (2) and pump
approximately 65 pumps.
NOTICE: Extreme pressure is NOT needed to release the
parking brake. Over pressurization may damage the seals.
Moderate effort is required on the grease gun.

RCPH10TLB070AAF 3

9. Carefully remove the wheel chocks, as the machine


may now be moved.
NOTICE: The machine should be free to roll. If the machine
does not roll, there may be an issue in the parking brake or
drivetrain. Contact your dealer.
NOTICE: After grease has been used to release the park-
ing brake it will be necessary to clean and flush the en-
tire system before placing the machine back into operation.
Contact your dealer for this procedure.

7 - 103
7 - MAINTENANCE

10. To enable the parking brake:


A. Slowly loosen and remove the two bolts that
hold the solenoid block in position. Grease
trapped in the parking brake will come out un-
der the block.
B. Confirm that the three O-rings are in the cor-
rect position and that all surfaces are free of
contamination.
C. Return the solenoid block to its original posi-
tion.
D. Reinstall the bolts and tighten the bolts to a
torque of 20 Nm (15 lb ft).
E. Test the parking brake to ensure it functions
correctly. For example, the transmission is de-
clutched when the parking brake is applied.

7 - 104
7 - MAINTENANCE

Auxiliary hydraulic pressure and flow


NOTE: Uni-directional attachments only.
Adjust the pressure and flow for the uni-directional auxiliary
hydraulic valve (hammer valve) as needed to work within
the parameters of the attachment.

NOTICE: Refer the information provided by the manufacturer of the attachment for the recommended operating pres-
sure and flow.

Pressure adjustment
NOTE: The uni-directional auxiliary hydraulic valve is preset from the factory to approximately 103 bar (1500 psi).
1. For machines equipped with dual auxiliary hy-
draulics, ensure the auxiliary hydraulic control switch
in the enabled for unidirectional control.
2. Install the swing lock pin to prevent accidental swing
movement.
3. Remove the cap for the auxiliary hydraulic pressure
port.
4. Install a pressure gauge capable of 207 bar (3000
psi) in the pressure port. If needed, convert the male
ORFS port to a snap-type connection. Contact your
dealer for the correct CNH reducer, tube nut, and test
port required to convert the connector to a snap-type
connection.

RCPH10TLB425AAF 1

5. Start up the engine.


6. Warm up the auxiliary hydraulics to 50 C (120 F):
For 580N machines, stall a function for 30 sec-
onds and then release the function. Repeat
until temperature is reached.
For 580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN machines,
hold the boom control to boom down with the
boom in the latched transport position for 30
seconds. Release the boom control for 30
seconds. Repeat until temperature is reached.
7. While operating the uni-directional hydraulics, have
another worker read the pressure on the gauge.

7 - 105
7 - MAINTENANCE

8. If the pressure is does not meet recommendations


for the attachment, adjust the relief valve installed on
the uni-directional auxiliary line:
A. Shut down the engine.
B. Loosen the lock nut on the relief valve.
C. Turn the adjustment screw in small increments
of about 1/8 to 1/4 a turn to adjust the pres-
sure. Turn clockwise to increase pressure or
counter-clockwise to decrease pressure.
D. Tighten the lock nut.
E. Repeat the procedure to test the pressure and
RCPH10TLB410AAF 2
adjust as needed until the correct pressure is
obtained.
9. Remove the pressure gauge and adaptor, if installed,
from the auxiliary hydraulic pressure port.
10. Reinstall the cap on the pressure port.

Flow adjustment
The N series machines are equipped with a cable and a
knob to let you remotely adjust the auxiliary hydraulic flow.

NOTICE: Do not adjust flow while the attachment is active.


To adjust the flow, turn the knob to the detented position
that corresponds to the desire flow. Refer to the table that
follows.

NOTE: For 580N machines, the higher detented positions are limited by the available pump flow.

Knob position 580N 580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN


1 60.6 l/min (16 US gpm) 60.6 l/min (16 US gpm)
2 75.7 l/min (20 US gpm) 75.7 l/min (20 US gpm)
3 94.6 l/min (25 US gpm) 94.6 l/min (25 US gpm)
4 109.8 l/min (29 US gpm) 109.8 l/min (29 US gpm)
5 109.8 l/min (29 US gpm) 121.1 l/min (32 US gpm)
6 109.8 l/min (29 US gpm) 136.3 l/min (36 US gpm)

NOTE: Attachments will low operating pressures may continue to run after the control for the uni-directional auxiliary
circuit is released. To resolve this, a CNH check valve (with adapters) can be installed in the pressure line. Contact
your dealer for assistance.

7 - 106
7 - MAINTENANCE

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

Stop, tail, flasher and turn signal lamps - Cab


Turn signal/flasher lamps
Turn signal/flasher lamps are at the front of the cab on the
left and the right side.

RCPH10TLB317AAF 1

Turn signal/flasher lamps are also at the rear of the cab on


the left and the right side.

RCPH10TLB316AAF 2

Replace the bulb in a turn signal/flasher lamp:


1. Remove the two screws that secure the lamp assem-
bly to the cab.

RCPH10TLB304AAF 3

7 - 107
7 - MAINTENANCE

2. Gently pry the lamp assembly from the cab. If de-


sired, disconnect the electrical connector to the bulb
socket.

RCPH10TLB308AAF 4

3. Remove the socket from the lens.

RCPH10TLB305AAF 5

4. Replace the bulb in the socket.

RCPH10TLB306AAF 6

5. Reinstall the bulb socket in the lens and reconnect


the electrical connector, if detached earlier.
6. Reinstall the lamp assembly and secure to the cab.

7 - 108
7 - MAINTENANCE

Tail/stop lamps
Tail/stop lamps are at the rear of the cab on the left and the
right side.

RCPH10TLB316AAF 7

Replace the bulb in a tail/stop lamp:


1. Remove the two screws that secure the lens to the
cab and remove the lens.

RCPH10TLB321AAF 8

2. Replace the bulb in the socket.

RCPH10TLB300AAF 9

3. Reinstall the lens and secure to the cab.

7 - 109
7 - MAINTENANCE

Stop, tail, flasher and turn signal lamps - ROPS canopy


NOTE: The procedure is the same to replace the bulb in a turn signal/flasher lamp or in a tail/stop lamp.
Turn signal/flasher lamps are at the front of the ROPS
canopy on the left and the right side.

RCPH10TLB361AAF 1

Turn signal/flasher lamps are also at the rear of the ROPS


canopy on the left and the right side.

RCPH10TLB360AAF 2

Tail/stop lamps are at the rear of the ROPS canopy on the


left and the right side.

RCPH10TLB360AAF 3

7 - 110
7 - MAINTENANCE

Replace the bulb in a turn signal/flasher or a tail/stop lamp:


1. Remove the two screws that secure the lens (1) to
the ROPS canopy and remove the lens.
2. Replace the bulb (2) in the socket.
3. Reinstall the lens and secure to the ROPS canopy.

RCPH10TLB001BAF 4

7 - 111
7 - MAINTENANCE

Driving and flood lamps


NOTICE: The driving/work lamps use halogen bulbs. Touching the bulbs with your hand/fingers can shorten bulb life.
Use a clean shop towel to handle a new bulb.
NOTE: The procedure is same to replace the bulb in a driving/work lamp on a cab or on a ROPS canopy.

Cab
Two driving lamps (1) and two work lamps (2) are at the
front of the cab.

RCPH10TLB317AAF 1

One work lamp (3) is at each side of the cab (towards the
rear) and four work lamps (4) at the rear of the cab.

RCPH10TLB316AAF 2

ROPS canopy
Two driving/work lamps at the front of the ROPS canopy.

RCPH10TLB361AAF 3

7 - 112
7 - MAINTENANCE

One work lamp is at each side of the ROPS canopy (to-


wards the rear) and two work lamps at the rear of the ROPS
canopy.

RCPH10TLB360AAF 4

Bulb replacement
Replace the bulb in a driving/work lamp:
1. Remove the two screws that secure the lens to the
lamp assembly.

RCPH10TLB312AAF 5

2. Disconnect the electrical connector and remove the


lens.

RCPH10TLB313AAF 6

3. Compress the wire spring holder for the bulb.

RCPH10TLB314AAF 7

7 - 113
7 - MAINTENANCE

4. Move the wire spring holder and remove and discard


the bulb.
5. Install the new bulb and ensure it is properly seated
in the wire spring holder.

RCPH10TLB315AAF 8

6. Reconnect the electrical connector and reinstall the


lens.
7. Secure the lens to the lamp assembly.

NOTICE: Moving the lamp without loosening the cross bolt can cause damage to the housing, allowing the lamp to
fall out of position.
8. Adjust the position of the driving/work lamps as
needed.
A. Loosen the cross bolt in the lamp mounting
bracket.
B. Move the lamp into position.
C. Tighten the cross bolt.

RCPH10TLB312AAF 9

7 - 114
7 - MAINTENANCE

Dome lamp
Remove the lens and replace the bulb

RCPH10TLB350AAF 1

7 - 115
7 - MAINTENANCE

Instrument cluster lamps


Standard instrument cluster - 580N only
NOTICE: Use only the Case part specified for bulb assembly replacement, any other bulbs used could damage the
instrument cluster.
1. Disconnect the negative (-) battery cable(s).
2. Remove the two screws that fasten the instrument
cluster in the right-hand console.
3. Disconnect the electrical connector from the rear of
the instrument cluster.
4. Remove the instrument cluster.

RCPH10TLB278AAF 1

5. Remove the two screws that fasten the rear cover to


the frame.
6. Remove the rear cover from the frame.

RCPH10TLB007AAF 2

7. Turn the bulb holder counter-clockwise to remove.


NOTE: The bulb and bulb holder are serviced together.
8. Install the new bulb.

RCPH10TLB005AAF 3

7 - 116
7 - MAINTENANCE

9. Install the rear cover. Make sure the O-ring is in


position.

RCPH10TLB006AAF 4

10. Install the instrument cluster in the right-hand con-


sole.
11. Reconnect the negative (-) battery cable(s).

7 - 117
7 - MAINTENANCE

7 - 118
8 - TROUBLESHOOTING

8 - TROUBLESHOOTING
ALARM(S)

Seat switch alarm


The seat switch sounds when
1. the direction control lever is in gear and
2. the seat is rotated approximately 15 - 20 from the loader operation position towards the backhoe operation po-
sition.
NOTE: For machines with the electronic hand throttle, the engine is placed into idle if the seat is rotated while the
engine is running.

Test the seat switch alarm:


1. Sit in the operators seat, with the seat in the loader operation position and with the seat belt fastened.
2. Start the engine.
3. Park the machine on a level surface in a clean area. Make sure all other persons are clear of the area.
4. Make sure the parking brake is off, the transmission shift lever is in neutral and the loader bucket is on the ground.
5. Put your foot on the service brake and keep it there.
6. Place the direction control lever in forward and turn the seat approximately 15 - 20 . The seat switch alarm sounds.
7. Place the direction control lever in reverse and turn the seat approximately 15 - 20 . Both the seat switch alarm
and the backup alarm sounds.
8. If the seat switch alarm does not sound, troubleshoot the alarm system.

8-1
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

9 - SPECIFICATIONS
Engine
580N
Model Diesel, 445T/M3, emissions compliant
Type Four cylinder, turbocharged
Firing order 1-3-4-2
Bore and stroke 104 mm x 132 mm ( 4.09 in x 5.19 in)
Displacement 4.5 l (274 in)
Compression ratio 17.5 to 1
Fuel injection Direct mechanical
Horsepower - rated at 2200 RPM
Gross 63 kW (85 Hp)
Net with 39 fan 58 kW (78 Hp)
Net with 33 fan 59 kW (79 Hp)
Peak torque at 1400 RPM
Gross 374 Nm (276 lb ft)
Net with 39 fan 364 Nm (268 lb ft)
Net with 33 fan 366 Nm (270 lb ft)
Maximum torque rise 36 % 5 RPM
Engine speeds
Rated speed, full load 2200 RPM
Low idle 875 - 1025 RPM
High idle, no load 2300 - 2450 RPM
Converter stall 2180 - 2310 RPM
Backhoe stall 2230 - 2330 RPM
Loader stall 2230 - 2330 RPM
Combine stall 1610 - 1890 RPM

580SN
Model Diesel, 445TA/E3, emissions compliant
Type Four cylinder, turbocharged
Firing order 1-3-4-2
Bore and stroke 104 mm x 132 mm ( 4.09 in x 5.19 in)
Displacement 4.5 l (274 in)
Compression ratio 17.5 to 1
Fuel injection Direct HPCR
Horsepower - rated at 2200 RPM
Gross 72 kW (97 Hp)
Net with viscous fan 71 kW (95 Hp)
Net 68 kW (92 Hp)
Peak torque at 1400 RPM
Gross 453 Nm (334 lb ft)
Net with viscous fan 452 Nm (333 lb ft)
Net 445 Nm (328 lb ft)
Maximum torque rise 45 % 5 RPM
Engine speeds
Rated speed, full load at 2200 RPM
Low idle 900 - 1000 RPM
High idle, no load 2330 - 2430 RPM
Converter stall 2080 - 2260 RPM
Backhoe stall 2160 - 2300 RPM
Loader stall 2240 - 2335 RPM
Combine stall 1695 - 1930 RPM

9-2
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

580SN-WT
Model Diesel, 45TA/E3, emissions compliant
Type Four cylinder, turbocharged
Firing order 1-3-4-2
Bore and stroke 104 mm x 132 mm ( 4.09 in x 5.19 in)
Displacement 4.5 l (274 in)
Compression ratio 17.5 to 1
Fuel injection Direct (HPCR
Horsepower - rated at 2200 RPM
Gross 72 kW (97 Hp)
Net with viscous fan 71 kW (95 Hp)
Net 68 kW (92 Hp)
Peak torque at 1400 RPM
Gross 453 Nm (334 lb ft)
Net with viscous fan 452 Nm (333 lb ft)
Net 445 Nm (328 lb ft)
Maximum torque rise 45 % 5 RPM
Engine speeds
Rated speed, full load at 2200 RPM
Low idle 900 - 1000 RPM
High idle, no load 2330 - 2430 RPM
Converter stall 2150 - 2295 RPM
Backhoe stall 2330 - 2420 RPM
Loader stall 2330 - 2420 RPM
Combine stall 2090 - 2270 RPM

590SN
Model Diesel, 445TA/E3, emissions compliant
Type Four cylinder, turbocharged
Firing order 1-3-4-2
Bore and stroke 104 mm x 132 mm ( 4.09 in x 5.19 in)
Displacement 4.5 l (274 in)
Compression ratio 17.5 to 1
Fuel injection Direct HPCR
Horsepower - rated at 2200 RPM
Gross 82 kW (110 Hp)
Net with viscous fan 81 kW (108 Hp)
Peak torque at 1400 RPM
Gross 516 Nm (381 lb ft)
Net 515 Nm (380 lb ft)
Maximum torque rise 45 % 5 RPM
Engine speeds
Rated speed, full load at 2200 RPM
Low idle 900 - 1000 RPM
High idle, no load 2320 - 2430 RPM
Converter stall 2125 - 2290 RPM
Backhoe stall 2190 - 2300 RPM
Loader stall 2240 - 2335 RPM
Combine stall 1830 - 2010 RPM

9-3
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Powertrain
Transmission
Electronic F/R shuttle control
On the go electric four wheel drive control
Clutch disconnect buttons on the transmission shift (manual) and the loader control lever (powershift S-type or
powershift H-type)

Manual
Four speed, manual gear shift, fully synchronized
Toque converter ratio: 3.2
Speed selection: 4 forward and 4 reverse
Gear ratios: Forward Reverse
1st 5.603 4.643
2nd 3.481 2.884
3rd 1.584 1.313
4th 0.793 0.657
Splitter gear ratio for drive to front axle (four wheel drive): 1.222 to 1

Powershift S-type
Four speed, hydraulic gear shift, fully synchronized clutching and shifting
Torque converter ratio: 2.6
Speed selection: 4 forward and 3 reverse
Gear ratios: Forward Reverse
1st 5.603 4.643
2nd 3.481 2.884
3rd 1.584 1.313
4th 0.793 N/A
Splitter gear ratio for drive to front axle (four wheel drive): 1.222 to 1

Powershift H-type
Four speed, hydraulic gear shift, full powershift
Torque converter ratio: 2.6
Speed selection: 4 forward and 3 reverse
Gear ratios: Forward Reverse
First 5.533 4.549
Second 3.359 2.762
Third 1.533 1.260
Fourth 0.811 N/A
Splitter gear ratio for drive to front axle (four wheel drive): 1.244 to 1

Differential lock
On the go, push button activation on the loader control lever

9-4
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Axle, differential and planetaries


Four wheel drive machines

Front axle
Differential ratio 2.0
2.1 (heavy duty, 590SN)
2.3 (heavy duty, 580SN-WT)
Planetary hub ratio 6.0
Total reduction ratio 12.0
12.8 (heavy duty, 590SN)
13.7 (heavy duty, 580SN-WT)
Rear axle
Differential ratio 2.5
Planetary hub ratio 6.4
Total reduction ratio 16.0

Brakes
Service
Foot pedal operated
Boosted hydraulic actuated
Self adjusting, maintenance free
Outboard mounted
Wet disc, two discs per side

Parking
Electronic console switch
NOTICE: Transmission is declutched when the parking brake is engaged.
Transmission mounted
SAHR
Electronic forward/reverse neutral interlock

9-5
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Hydraulics
Components
Pump 580N: Single section, gear type pump,
580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN: Variable displacement, axial piston
Filtration Seven micron spin on filter; full flow replaceable cartridge on return line
Oil cooler Heavy duty
Loader
Valve Single lever manual control for lift and tilt functions; positive hold float and return to
dig positions; electro-hydraulic control for auxiliary hydraulics
Machines with mechanical control backhoe - Monoblock open center loader valve
Machines with pilot control backhoe (excluding 580N) - Sectional, closed center,
compensated for multifunction operation

Operation Loader joystick; also houses auxiliary hydraulics with proportional thumb switch
control with available detented ON position
Backhoe
Valve Mechanical control: Monoblock open center control valve; open center parallel circuit
for all functions; pilot operated check valves for stabilizer circuits
Pilot control: Closed center control valve with open center inlet (580N) or closed
center inlet (580SN, 580SN-WT, 590SN) and circuits in parallel; compensated
backhoe hydraulics for simultaneous multifunction operation
Operation Mechanical control: Levers and pedals
Pilot control: Joysticks
Auxiliary operation Mechanical control: Foot pedal
Pilot control: Buttons on left joystick

Flow
580N
2200 RPM
No load 115 l/min (30.5 US gpm) no load.
231 bar (3350 psi) 108 l/min (28.5 US gpm)

580SN, 580SN-WT
No load 2200 RPM 156.2 l/min (41 US gpm)
Loader at 2200 RPM 143.8 l/min (38.3 US gpm) at 161 bar (2340 psi)
Auxiliary: 0 - 120 l/min (0 - 31.7 US gpm)
Backhoe at 2200 RPM: 143.8 l/min (38.3 US gpm) at 214 bar (3100 psi)
Auxiliary: 0 - 136 l/min (0 - 36 US gpm)
Power lift at 1400 RPM 55 l/min (14.65 US gpm) at
580SN: 250 bar (3625 psi)
580SN-WT: 261 bar (3780 psi)

590SN
No load 2200 RPM 162.6 l/min (43 US gpm)
Loader at 2200 RPM 149.9 l/min (39.6 US gpm) at 161 bar (2340 psi)
Auxiliary: 0 - 120 l/min (0 - 31.7 US gpm)
Backhoe at 2200 RPM: 149.9 l/min (39.6 US gpm) at 214 bar (3100 psi)
Auxiliary: 0 - 136 l/min (0 - 36 US gpm)
Power lift at 1400 RPM 66 l/min (17.5 US gpm) at 250 bar (3625 psi)

9-6
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Travel speeds
580N
Manual (powershuttle) transmission
2293 RPM 19.5L x 24 rear tire 17.5L x 24 rear tire
Forward 1 6.1 km/h (3.8 mph) 5.7 km/h (3.5 mph)
Forward 2 9.8 km/h (6.1 mph) 9.1 km/h (5.7 mph)
Forward 3 20.8 km/h (12.9 mph) 19.5 km/h (12.1 mph)
Forward 4 39.1 km/h (24.3 mph) 36.6 km/h (22.8 mph)
Reverse 1 7.3 km/h (4.5 mph) 6.8 km/h (4.2 mph)
Reverse 2 11.7 km/h (7.3 mph) 11.0 km/h (6.8 mph)
Reverse 3 24.9 km/h (15.5 mph) 23.4 km/h (14.5 mph)
Reverse 4 46.9 km/h (29.1 mph) 43.9 km/h (27.3 mph)

Powershift S-type transmission - optional


2293 RPM 19.5L x 24 rear tire 17.5L x 24 rear tire
Forward 1 6.1 km/h (3.8 mph) 5.7 km/h (3.5 mph)
Forward 2 9.8 km/h (6.1 mph) 9.1 km/h (5.7 mph)
Forward 3 20.8 km/h (12.9 mph) 19.5 km/h (12.1 mph)
Forward 4 39.1 km/h (24.3 mph) 36.6 km/h (22.8 mph)
Reverse 1 7.3 km/h (4.5 mph) 6.8 km/h (4.2 mph)
Reverse 2 11.7 km/h (7.3 mph) 11.0 km/h (6.8 mph)
Reverse 3 24.9 km/h (15.5 mph) 23.4 km/h (14.5 mph)

580SN
Powershift S-type transmission
2312 RPM 19.5L x 24 rear tire 17.5L x 24 rear tire
Forward 1 6.1 km/h (3.8 mph) 5.7 km/h (3.5 mph)
Forward 2 9.7 km/h (6.0 mph) 9.1 km/h (5.7 mph)
Forward 3 20.6 km/h (12.8 mph) 19.4 km/h (12.1 mph)
Forward 4 38.6 km/h (24.0 mph) 36.5 km/h (22.7 mph)
Reverse 1 7.3 km/h (4.5 mph) 6.8 km/h (4.3 mph)
Reverse 2 11.6 km/h (7.2 mph) 10.9 km/h (6.8 mph)
Reverse 3 24.7 km/h (15.4 mph) 23.3 km/h (14.5 mph)

Powershift H-type transmission - optional


2312 RPM 19.5L x 24 rear tire 17.5L x 24 rear tire
Forward 1 6.2 km/h (3.9 mph) 5.8 km/h (3.6 mph)
Forward 2 10.1 km/h (6.3 mph) 9.4 km/h (5.8 mph)
Forward 3 21.4 km/h (13.3 mph) 20.0 km/h (12.4 mph)
Forward 4 38.0 km/h (23.6 mph) 35.6 km/h (22.1 mph)
Reverse 1 7.4 km/h (4.6 mph) 7.0 km/h (4.3 mph)
Reverse 2 12.1 km/h (7.5 mph) 11.3 km/h (7.0 mph)
Reverse 3 25.7 km/h (16.0 mph) 24.0 km/h (14.9 mph)

Manual (powershuttle) transmission - optional


2312 RPM 19.5L x 24 rear tire 17.5L x 24 rear tire
Forward 1 6.1 km/h (3.8 mph) 5.7 km/h (3.5 mph)
Forward 2 9.7 km/h (6.0 mph) 9.1 km/h (5.7 mph)
Forward 3 20.6 km/h (12.8 mph) 19.4 km/h (12.1 mph)
Forward 4 38.6 km/h (24.0 mph) 36.5 km/h (22.7 mph)
Reverse 1 7.3 km/h (4.5 mph) 6.8 km/h (4.3 mph)
Reverse 2 11.6 km/h (7.2 mph) 10.9 km/h (6.8 mph)

9-7
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Reverse 3 24.7 km/h (15.4 mph) 23.3 km/h (14.5 mph)


Reverse 4 46.3 km/h (28.8 mph) 43.8 km/h (27.2 mph)

580SN-WT
Powershift S-type transmission
2295 RPM 21L x 24 rear tire
Forward 1 6.3 km/h (3.9 mph)
Forward 2 10.0 km/h (6.2 mph)
Forward 3 21.4 km/h (13.3 mph)
Forward 4 38.8 km/h (24.1 mph)
Reverse 1 7.6 km/h (4.7 mph)
Reverse 2 12.0 km/h (7.5 mph)
Reverse 3 25.7 km/h (16.0 mph)

Powershift H-type transmission - optional


2295 RPM 21L x 24 rear tire
Forward 1 6.3 km/h (3.9 mph)
Forward 2 10.3 km/h (6.4 mph)
Forward 3 21.9 km/h (13.6 mph)
Forward 4 37.0 km/h (23.0 mph)
Reverse 1 7.6 km/h (4.7 mph)
Reverse 2 12.4 km/h (7.7 mph)
Reverse 3 26.3 km/h (16.3 mph)

Manual (powershuttle) transmission - optional


2295 RPM 21L x 24 rear tire
Forward 1 6.3 km/h (3.9 mph)
Forward 2 10.0 km/h (6.2 mph)
Forward 3 21.4 km/h (13.3 mph)
Forward 4 38.8 km/h (24.1 mph)
Reverse 1 7.6 km/h (4.7 mph)
Reverse 2 12.0 km/h (7.5 mph)
Reverse 3 25.7 km/h (16.0 mph)
Reverse 4 46.6 km/h (28.9 mph)

590SN
Powershift S-type transmission
2306 RPM 21L x 24 rear tire
Forward 1 6.3 km/h (3.9 mph)
Forward 2 10.1 km/h (6.3 mph)
Forward 3 21.3 km/h (13.2 mph)
Forward 4 38.9 km/h (24.2 mph)
Reverse 1 7.6 km/h (4.7 mph)
Reverse 2 12.1 km/h (7.5 mph)
Reverse 3 25.6 km/h (15.9 mph)

Powershift H-type transmission -optional


2306 RPM 21L x 24 rear tire
Forward 1 6.4 km/h (4.0 mph)
Forward 2 10.5 km/h (6.5 mph)
Forward 3 22.0 km/h (13.7 mph)
Forward 4 37.0 km/h (23.0 mph)
Reverse 1 7.7 km/h (4.8 mph)

9-8
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Reverse 2 12.6 km/h (7.8 mph)


Reverse 3 26.4 km/h (16.4 mph)
Reverse 4 444.4 km/h (27.6 mph)

Manual (powershuttle ) transmission - optional


2306 RPM 21L x 24 rear tire
Forward 1 6.3 km/h (3.9 mph)
Forward 2 10.1 km/h (6.3 mph)
Forward 3 21.3 km/h (13.2 mph)
Forward 4 38.9 km/h (24.2 mph)
Reverse 1 7.6 km/h (4.7 mph)
Reverse 2 12.1 km/h (7.5 mph)
Reverse 3 25.6 km/h (15.9 mph)
Reverse 4 46.7 km/h (29.0 mph)

9-9
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Machine overall dimensions


580N, 580SN
Four wheel drive - 19.5L x 24 rear tires
General purpose bucket 4 in 1 bucket
A. Overall operating height, fully raised 4183 mm (164.7 in) 4160 mm (163.8 in)
B. Height to bucket hinge pin, fully raised 3417 mm (134.5 in) 3417 mm (134.5 in)
C. Overall height, travel position
Standard dipper 3366.7 mm (132.5 in)
Extendahoe extended 3536.5 mm (139.2 in)
D. Overall length with bucket on the ground 7118.7 mm (280.3 in) 7059.7 mm (277.9 in)
(straight links)
E. Dump angle at full height 47 47
F. Dump height, 45 dump 2690 mm (105.9 in) 2714 mm (106.9 in)
2955 mm (116.3 in)
with clam open
G. Dump reach, 45 dump 801 mm (31.5 in) 738 mm (29.1 in)
388 mm (15.3 in)
with clam open
H. Dump height Same as F.
I. Dump height Same as G.
J. Roll back at ground 42
K. Height to bucket hinge pin at SAE carry 345 mm (13.6 in) 345 mm (13.6 in)
L. Bucket rollback at SAE carry 42 42
M. Bucket rollback at full height Adjustable
N. Digging depth below grade, with bucket flat 155 mm (6.1 in) 122 mm (4.8 in)
103 mm (4.1 in)
with clam open
P. Wheelbase 2134 mm (84.0 in)
Overall width (rear tires) 2077 mm (81.8 in)
Bucket cutting edge width 2095 mm (82.5 in) 2083 mm (82.0 in)

9 - 10
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

RCIL10TLB004FAF 1

9 - 11
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

580SN-WT
Four wheel drive - 21L x 24 rear tires
General purpose bucket 4 in 1 bucket
A. Overall operating height, fully raised 4243 mm (167.0 in) 4223 mm (166.3 in)
B. Height to bucket hinge pin, fully raised 3497 mm (137.7 in) 3497 mm (137.7 in)
C. Overall height, travel position
Standard dipper 3365.2 mm (132.5 in)
Extendahoe 3528.1 mm (138.9 in)
D. Overall length with bucket on the ground (straight 7105.9 mm (279.8 in) 7041.9 mm (277.2 in)
links)
E. Dump angle at full height 45 45
F. Dump height, 43 dump 2726 mm (107.4 in) 2771 mm (109.1 in)
3014 mm (118.7 in)
with clam open
G. Dump reach, 45 dump 685 mm (27.0 in) 685 mm (27.0 in)
353 mm (13.9 in)
with clam open
H. Dump height Same as F.
I. Dump height Same as G.
J. Roll back at ground 40 41
K. Height to bucket hinge pin at SAE carry 324 mm (12.8 in) 324 mm (12.8 in)
L. Bucket rollback at SAE carry 46 46
M. Bucket rollback at full height Adjustable
N. Digging depth below grade, with bucket flat 156 mm (6.1 in) 151 mm (5.9 in)
88 mm (3.5 in)
with clam open
P. Wheelbase 2146 mm (84.5 in)
Overall width (rear tires) 2332 mm (91.8 in)
Bucket cutting edge width 2392 mm (94.2 in) 2362 mm (93.0 in)

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9 - SPECIFICATIONS

RCIL10TLB004FAF 2

9 - 13
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

590SN
Four wheel drive - 21L x 24 rear tires
General purpose bucket 4 in 1 bucket
A. Overall operating height, fully raised 4242 mm (167.0 in) 4219 mm (166.1 in)
B. Height to bucket hinge pin, fully raised 3496 mm (137.6 in) 3496 mm (137.6 in)
C. Overall height, travel position
Standard dipper 3538.2 mm (139.3 in)
Extendahoe 3830.9 mm (150.8 in)
D. Overall length with bucket on the ground (straight 7253.5 mm (285.6 in) 7197.5 mm (283.4 in)
links)
E. Dump angle at full height 45 45
F. Dump height, 45 dump 2727 mm (107.4 in) 2772 mm (109.1 in)
3008 mm (118.4 in)
with clam open
G. Dump reach, 45 dump 741 mm (29.2 in) 707 mm (27.8 in)
351 mm (13.8 in)
with clam open
H. Dump height Same as F.
I. Dump height Same as G.
J. Roll back at ground 40 41
K. Height to bucket hinge pin at SAE carry 325 mm (12.8 in) 325 mm (12.8 in)
L. Bucket rollback at SAE carry 46 46
M. Bucket rollback at full height Adjustable
N. Digging depth below grade, with bucket flat 157 mm (6.2 in) 150 mm (5.9 in)
89 mm (3.5 in)
with clam open
P. Wheelbase 2146 mm (84.5 in)
Overall width (rear tires) 2332 mm (91.8 in)
Bucket cutting edge width 2355 mm (92.7 in) 2362 mm (93.0 in)

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9 - SPECIFICATIONS

RCIL10TLB004FAF 3

9 - 15
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Loader lift capacities


Lift capacity to full height
General purpose bucket 4 in 1 bucket
580N 3086 kg (6803 lb) 2930 kg (6459 lb)
580SN 3195 kg (7044 lb) 3040 kg (6703 lb)
580SN-WT 3821 kg (8425 lb) 3640 kg (8025 lb)
590SN 3721 kg (8202 lb) 3541 kg (7807 lb)

Backhoe/extendahoe lift capacities


NOTE: Figures apply straight to the rear of prime mover. 580N machines equipped with a 610 mm (24 in) trenching
bucket and standard links. 580SN, 580SN-Wt, 590SN machines equipped with a 610 mm (24 in) heavy duty universal
bucket and coupler.

Distance from swing pivot


Standard dipper/Extendahoe retracted
Boom lift 580N, 580SN, 580SN-WT 590SN
+ 4.9 m (16 ft) 2.56 m (8.4 ft)
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 2.74 m (9.0 ft) 3.46 m (11.4 ft)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 3.47 m (11.4 ft) 4.05 m (13.3 ft)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 3.95 m (13.0 ft) 4.46 m (14.6 ft)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 4.29 m (14.1 ft) 4.75 m (15.6 ft)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 4.50 m (14.8 ft) 4.94 m (16.2 ft)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 4.62 m (15.2 ft) 5.05 m (16.6 ft)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 4.65 m (15.3 ft) 5.07 m (16.6 ft)
Ground level 4.59 m (15.1 ft) 5.01 m (16.4 ft)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 4.43 m (14.5 ft) 4.87 m (16.0 ft)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 4.18 m (13.7 ft) 4.64 m (15.2 ft)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 3.79 m (12.4 ft) 4.30 m (14.1 ft)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 3.23 m (10.6 ft) 3.82 m (12.5 ft)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 2.35 m (7.7 ft) 3.13 m (10.3 ft)
- 3.7 m (12 ft) 1.96 m (6.4 ft)
Dipper lift 580N, 580SN, 580SN-WT 590SN
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 2.8 m (9.2 ft)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 3.28 m (10.8 ft) 3.63 m (11.9 ft)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 3.42 m (11.2 ft) 3.70 m (12.1 ft)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 3.36 m (11.0 ft) 3.59 m (11.8 ft)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 3.08 m (10.1 ft) 3.18 m (10.4 ft)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 2.43 m (8.0 ft) 2.60 m (8.5 ft)

9 - 16
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Extendahoe extended
Boom lift 580N, 580SN, 580SN-WT 590SN
+ 5.5 m (18 ft) 3.82 m (12.5 ft)
+ 4.9 m (16 ft) 3.64 m (11.9 ft) 4.54 m (14.9 ft)
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 4.30 m (14.1 ft) 5.07 m (16.6 ft)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 4.78 m (15.7 ft) 5.48 m (18.0 ft)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 5.13 m (16.8 ft) 5.78 m (19.0 ft)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 5.38 m (17.7 ft) 6.01 m (19.7 ft)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 5.55 m (18.2 ft) 6.16 m (20.2 ft)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 5.65 m (18.5 ft) 6.24 m (20.5 ft)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 5.67 m (18.6 ft) 6.26 m (20.5 ft)
Ground level 5.62 m (18.4 ft) 6.21 m (20.4 ft)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 5.50 m (18.0 ft) 6.10 m (20.0 ft)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 5.30 m (17.4 ft) 5.92 m (19.4 ft)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 5.01 m (16.4 ft) 5.66 m (18.6 ft)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 4.62 m (15.2 ft) 5.32 m (17.5 ft)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 4.08 m (13.4 ft) 4.87 m (16.0 ft)
- 3.7 m (12 ft) 3.33 m (10.9 ft) 4.27 m (14.0 ft)
- 4.3 m (14 ft) 2.08 m (6.8 ft) 3.43 m (11.3 ft)
Dipper lift 580N, 580SN, 580SN-WT 590SN
+ 4.9 m (16 ft) 4.43 m (14.5 ft)
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 4.18 m (13.7 ft) 4.72 m (15.5 ft)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 4.40 m (14.4 ft) 4.88 m (16.0 ft)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 4.48 m (14.7 ft) 4.92 m (16.1 ft)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 4.45 m (14.6 ft) 4.85 m (15.9 ft)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 4.28 m (14.0 ft) 4.67 m (15.3 ft)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 3.96 m (13.0 ft) 4.34 m (14.2 ft)

9 - 17
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Lift capacity - 580N


Standard dipper
Boom lift
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1121 kg (2472 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1296 kg (2857 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1345 kg (2966 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1353 kg (2983 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1344 kg (2963 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1329 kg (2929 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1312 kg (2892 lb)
Ground level 1297 kg (2858 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 1285 kg (2834 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 1282 kg (2827 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 1294 kg (2853 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 1338 kg (2949 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1506 kg (3319 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1970 kg (4343 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1827 kg (4027 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1865 kg (4112 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 2070 kg (4563 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 2449 kg (5398 lb)

Extendahoe - Retracted
Boom lift
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1030 kg (2271 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1199 kg (2644 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1246 kg (2748 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1252 kg (2761 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1242 kg (2739 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1225 kg (2701 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1207 kg (2662 lb)
Ground level 1191 kg (2625 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 1178 kg (2598 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 1174 kg (2588 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 1183 kg (2609 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 1224 kg (2698 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1385 kg (3052 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1877 kg (4139 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1735 kg (3826 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1774 kg (3910 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1976 kg (4357 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 2348 kg (5177 lb)

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9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Extendahoe - Extended
Boom lift
+ 4.9 m (16 ft) 768 kg (1693 lb)
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 897 kg (1979 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 964 kg (2124 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 985 kg (2172 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 984 kg (2169 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 985 kg (2173 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 982 kg (2165 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 977 kg (2153 lb)
Ground level 977 kg (2153 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 973 kg (2145 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 972 kg (2143 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 977 kg (2154 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 993 kg (2189 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1030 kg (2270 lb)
- 3.7 m (12 ft) 1102 kg (2429 lb)
- 4.3 m (14 ft) 1413 kg (3115 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1431 kg (3154 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1352 kg (2981 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1281 kg (2823 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1295 kg (2855 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1365 kg (3010 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1337 kg (2948 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1581 kg (3486 lb)

9 - 19
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Lift capacity - 580SN


Standard dipper
Boom lift Standard Power lift
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1378 kg (3039 lb) 1490 kg (3285 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1548 kg (3413 lb) 1674 kg (3691 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1587 kg (3499 lb) 1716 kg (3784 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1581 kg (3485 lb) 1709 kg (3768 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1559 kg (3438 lb) 1686 kg (3717 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1530 kg (3374 lb) 1655 kg (3648 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1500 kg (3307 lb) 1622 kg (3575 lb)
Ground level 1475 kg (3251 lb) 1594 kg (3513 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 1452 kg (3201 lb) 1569 kg (3459 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 1440 kg (3175 lb) 1556 kg (3430 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 1443 kg (3182 lb) 1559 kg (3437 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 1478 kg (3258 lb) 1597 kg (3520 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1561 kg (3441 lb) 1686 kg (3717 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 2641 kg (5822 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 2540 kg (5600 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 2523 kg (5562 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 2829 kg (6236 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 3368 kg (7424 lb)

Extendahoe - Retracted
Boom lift Standard Power lift
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1287 kg (2837 lb) 1398 kg (3083 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1452 kg (3201 lb) 1578 kg (3479 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1488 kg (3281 lb) 1618 kg (3566 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1480 kg (3263 lb) 1608 kg (3546 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1457 kg (3213 lb) 1584 kg (3492 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1427 kg (3146 lb) 1551 kg (3420 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1396 kg (3077 lb) 1517 kg (3345 lb)
Ground level 1369 kg (3018 lb) 1488 kg (3280 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 1345 kg (2965 lb) 1462 kg (3223 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 1331 kg (2935 lb) 1447 kg (3190 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 1333 kg (2938 lb) 1448 kg (3193 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 1364 kg (3007 lb) 1483 kg (3269 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1440 kg (3175 lb) 1565 kg (3451 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 2548 kg (5618 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 2449 kg (5399 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 2431 kg (5360 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 2735 kg (6030 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 3267 kg (7203 lb)

9 - 20
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Extendahoe - Extended
Boom lift Standard Power lift
+ 4.9 m (16 ft) 959 kg (2115 lb) 1043 kg (2298 lb)
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1086 kg (2395 lb) 1181 kg (2603 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1151 kg (2536 lb) 1250 kg (2757 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1176 kg (2593 lb) 1278 kg (2818 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1163 kg (2564 lb) 1264 kg (2786 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1156 kg (2549 lb) 1257 kg (2770 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1144 kg (2521 lb) 1243 kg (2741 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1129 kg (2489 lb) 1227 kg (2706 lb)
Ground level 1129 kg (2489 lb) 1227 kg (2706 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 1118 kg (2466 lb) 1215 kg (2680 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 1109 kg (2446 lb) 1206 kg (2659 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 1108 kg (2443 lb) 1205 kg (2656 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 1118 kg (2465 lb) 1215 kg (2679 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1148 kg (2530 lb) 1248 kg (2750 lb)
- 3.7 m (12 ft) 1228 kg (2707 lb) 1335 kg (2943 lb)
- 4.3 m (14 ft) 1469 kg (3239 lb) 1597 kg (3521 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1942 kg (4281 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1835 kg (4046 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1807 kg (3984 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1775 kg (3913 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1889 kg (4166 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1861 kg (4102 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 2200 kg (4850 lb)

9 - 21
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Lift capacity - 580SN-WT


Standard dipper
Boom lift Standard Power lift
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1378 kg (3039 lb) 1580 kg (3484 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1548 kg (3413 lb) 1775 kg (3913 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1587 kg (3499 lb) 1821 kg (4015 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1581 kg (3485 lb) 1817 kg (4005 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1559 kg (3438 lb) 1795 kg (3957 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1530 kg (3374 lb) 1764 kg (3890 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1500 kg (3307 lb) 1733 kg (3820 lb)
Ground level 1475 kg (3251 lb) 1706 kg (3761 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 1452 kg (3201 lb) 1683 kg (3710 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 1440 kg (3175 lb) 1672 kg (3686 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 1443 kg (3182 lb) 1678 kg (3699 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 1478 kg (3258 lb) 1720 kg (3792 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1561 kg (3441 lb) 1792 kg (3951 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 2641 kg (5822 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 2540 kg (5600 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 2523 kg (5562 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 2829 kg (6236 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 3368 kg (7424 lb)

Extendahoe - Retracted
Boom lift Standard Power lift
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1287 kg (2837 lb) 1489 kg (3282 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1452 kg (3201 lb) 1679 kg (3701 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1488 kg (3281 lb) 1722 kg (3797 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1480 kg (3263 lb) 1716 kg (3783 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1457 kg (3213 lb) 1693 kg (3732 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1427 kg (3146 lb) 1661 kg (3662 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1396 kg (3077 lb) 1628 kg (3590 lb)
Ground level 1369 kg (3018 lb) 1600 kg (3528 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 1345 kg (2965 lb) 1576 kg (3474 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 1331 kg (2935 lb) 1563 kg (3446 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 1333 kg (2938 lb) 1567 kg (3455 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 1364 kg (3007 lb) 1606 kg (3541 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1440 kg (3175 lb) 1671 kg (3685 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 2548 kg (5618 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 2449 kg (5399 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 2431 kg (5360 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 2735 kg (6030 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 3267 kg (7203 lb)

9 - 22
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Extendahoe - Extended
Boom lift Standard Power lift
+ 4.9 m (16 ft) 959 kg (2115 lb) 1110 kg (2447 lb)
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1086 kg (2395 lb) 1256 kg (2769 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1151 kg (2536 lb) 1331 kg (2935 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1176 kg (2593 lb) 1361 kg (3001 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1163 kg (2564 lb) 1348 kg (2972 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1156 kg (2549 lb) 1343 kg (2961 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1144 kg (2521 lb) 1331 kg (2935 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1129 kg (2489 lb) 1317 kg (2904 lb)
Ground level 1129 kg (2489 lb) 1317 kg (2904 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 1118 kg (2466 lb) 1307 kg (2882 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 1109 kg (2446 lb) 1300 kg (2866 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 1108 kg (2443 lb) 1301 kg (2869 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 1118 kg (2465 lb) 1315 kg (2899 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1148 kg (2530 lb) 1351 kg (2979 lb)
- 3.7 m (12 ft) 1228 kg (2707 lb) 1446 kg (3187 lb)
- 4.3 m (14 ft) 1469 kg (3239 lb) 1705 kg (3759 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1942 kg (4281 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1835 kg (4046 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1807 kg (3984 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1775 kg (3913 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1889 kg (4166 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1861 kg (4102 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 2200 kg (4850 lb)

9 - 23
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Lift capacity - 590SN


Standard dipper
Boom lift Standard Power lift
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1788 kg (3942 lb) 1895 kg (4177 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1887 kg (4160 lb) 2000 kg (4409 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1907 kg (4204 lb) 2021 kg (4456 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1896 kg (4180 lb) 2009 kg (4430 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1873 kg (4128 lb) 1984 kg (4374 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1843 kg (4064 lb) 1953 kg (4305 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1815 kg (4001 lb) 1923 kg (4239 lb)
Ground level 1788 kg (3942 lb) 1894 kg (4175 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 1766 kg (3893 lb) 1870 kg (4123 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 1752 kg (3863 lb) 1856 kg (4091 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 1751 kg (3861 lb) 1854 kg (4088 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 1774 kg (3910 lb) 1878 kg (4141 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1854 kg (4088 lb) 1964 kg (4329 lb)
- 3.7 m (12 ft) 1925 kg (4245 lb) 2038 kg (4494 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 2768 kg (6102 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 3017 kg (6651 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 3126 kg (6891 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 3242 kg (7147 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 3256 kg (7178 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 3731 kg (8226 lb)

Extendahoe - Retracted
Boom lift Standard Power lift
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1673 kg (3688 lb) 1779 kg (3923 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1768 kg (3898 lb) 1881 kg (4147 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1786 kg (3937 lb) 1900 kg (4188 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1773 kg (3908 lb) 1886 kg (4158 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1748 kg (3853 lb) 1859 kg (4099 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1717 kg (3785 lb) 1827 kg (4027 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1687 kg (3720 lb) 1795 kg (3957 lb)
Ground level 1659 kg (3657 lb) 1765 kg (3891 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 1635 kg (3606 lb) 1740 kg (3836 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 1620 kg (3572 lb) 1724 kg (3800 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 1617 kg (3565 lb) 1720 kg (3793 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 1637 kg (3609 lb) 1741 kg (3839 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1713 kg (3776 lb) 1822 kg (4017 lb)
- 3.7 m (12 ft) 1769 kg (3900 lb) 1882 kg (4149 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 2655 kg (5853 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 2907 kg (6409 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 3016 kg (6650 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 3131 kg (6903 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 3142 kg (6928 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 3608 kg (7953 lb)

9 - 24
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Extendahoe - Extended
Boom lift Standard Power lift
+ 5.5 m (18 ft) 1156 kg (2548 lb) 1229 kg (2710 lb)
+ 4.9 m (16 ft) 1262 kg (2783 lb) 1343 kg (2961 lb)
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1346 kg (2967 lb) 1431 kg (3156 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 1378 kg (3037 lb) 1465 kg (3231 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 1384 kg (3051 lb) 1472 kg (3246 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 1384 kg (3052 lb) 1473 kg (3247 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 1378 kg (3037 lb) 1466 kg (3231 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 1366 kg (3011 lb) 1453 kg (3203 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 1353 kg (2983 lb) 1440 kg (3174 lb)
Ground level 1347 kg (2970 lb) 1433 kg (3160 lb)
- 0.6 m (2 ft) 1336 kg (2946 lb) 1422 kg (3134 lb)
- 1.2 m (4 ft) 1329 kg (2929 lb) 1413 kg (3116 lb)
- 1.8 m (6 ft) 1326 kg (2924 lb) 1411 kg (3111 lb)
- 2.4 m (8 ft) 1334 kg (2941 lb) 1419 kg (3129 lb)
- 3.0 m (10 ft) 1354 kg (2985 lb) 1440 kg (3175 lb)
- 3.7 m (12 ft) 1407 kg (3102 lb) 1497 kg (3300 lb)
- 4.3 m (14 ft) 1500 kg (3307 lb) 1596 kg (3519 lb)
Dipper lift
Boom at 65
+ 4.9 m (16 ft) 1956 kg (4312 lb)
+ 4.3 m (14 ft) 1823 kg (4020 lb)
+ 3.7 m (12 ft) 2382 kg (5252 lb)
+ 3.0 m (10 ft) 2200 kg (4849 lb)
+ 2.4 m (8 ft) 2243 kg (4945 lb)
+ 1.8 m (6 ft) 2118 kg (4670 lb)
+ 1.2 m (4 ft) 2007 kg (4424 lb)
+ 0.6 m (2 ft) 2315 kg (5103 lb)

9 - 25
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Noise levels
Sound levels with engine at 2200 RPM.

Exterior </= 78 dB(A)


Interior </= 77 dB(A) w/ROPS canopy
</= 72 dB(A) w/cab

9 - 26
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Torque
Use the torques in this chart when special torques are not given. These torques apply to fasteners with both UNC
and UNF threads as received from suppliers dry, or when lubricated with engine oil. Not applicable if special graphite
lubricants, Molydisulfide greases, or other extreme pressure lubricants are used.

Decimal hardware
Grade 5 bolts, nuts, and studs
Size Nm lb in/lb ft
1/4 in 12 - 15 Nm 108 - 132 lb in
5/16 in 23 - 28 Nm 204 - 252 lb in
3/8 in 48 - 57 Nm 420 - 504 lb in
7/16 in 73 - 87 Nm 54 - 64 lb ft
1/2 in 109 - 130 Nm 80 - 96 lb ft
9/16 in 149 - 179 Nm 110 - 132 lb ft
5/8 in 203 - 244 Nm 150 - 180 lb ft
3/4 in 366 - 439 Nm 270 - 324 lb ft
7/8 in 542 - 651 Nm 400 - 480 lb ft
1 in 787 - 944 Nm 580 - 696 lb ft
1-1/8 in 1085 - 1193 Nm 800 - 880 lb ft
1-1/4 in 1519 - 1681 Nm 1120 - 1240 lb ft
1-3/8 in 1980 - 2278 Nm 1460 - 1680 lb ft
1-1/2 in 2631 - 2983 Nm 1940 - 2200 lb ft
Markings for Grade 5 hardware

Grade 8 bolts, nuts, and studs


Size Nm lb in/lb ft
1/4 in 16 - 20 Nm 144 - 180 lb in
5/16 in 33 - 39 Nm 288 - 348 lb in
3/8 in 61 - 73 Nm 540 - 648 lb in
7/16 in 95 - 114 Nm 70 - 84 lb ft
1/2 in 149 - 179 Nm 110 - 132 lb ft
9/16 in 217 - 260 Nm 160 - 192 lb ft
5/8 in 298 - 358 Nm 220 - 264 lb ft
3/4 in 515 - 618 Nm 380 - 456 lb ft
7/8 in 814 - 976 Nm 600 - 720 lb ft
1 in 1220 - 1465 Nm 900 - 1080 lb ft
1-1/8 in 1736 - 1953 Nm 1280 - 1440 lb ft
1-1/4 in 2468 - 2712 Nm 1820 - 2000 lb ft
1-3/8 in 3227 - 3688 Nm 2380 - 2720 lb ft
1-1/2 in 4285 - 4827 Nm 3160 - 3560 lb ft
Markings for Grade 8 hardware

NOTE: Use thick nuts with Grade 8 bolts.

9 - 27
9 - SPECIFICATIONS

Metric hardware
Grade 8.8 bolts, nuts, and studs
Size Nm lb in/lb ft
4 mm 3 - 4 Nm 24 - 36 lb in
5 mm 7 - 8 Nm 60 - 72 lb in
6 mm 11 - 12 Nm 96 - 108 lb in
8 mm 26 - 31 Nm 228 - 276 lb in
10 mm 52 - 61 Nm 456 - 540 lb in
12 mm 90 - 107 Nm 66 - 79 lb ft
14 mm 144 - 172 Nm 106 - 127 lb ft
16 mm 217 - 271 Nm 160 - 200 lb ft
20 mm 434 - 515 Nm 320 - 380 lb ft
24 mm 675 - 815 Nm 500 - 600 lb ft
30 mm 1250 - 1500 Nm 920 - 1100 lb ft
36 mm 2175 - 2600 Nm 1600 - 1950 lb ft
Markings for Grade 8.8 hardware

Grade 10.9 bolts, nuts and studs


Size Nm lb in/lb ft
4 mm 4 - 5 Nm 36 - 48 lb in
5 mm 9 - 11 Nm 84 - 96 lb in
6 mm 15 - 18 Nm 132 - 156 lb in
8 mm 37 - 43 Nm 324 - 384 lb in
10 mm 73 - 87 Nm 54 - 64 lb ft
12 mm 125 - 150 Nm 93 - 112 lb ft
14 mm 200 - 245 Nm 149 - 179 lb ft
16 mm 310 - 380 Nm 230 - 280 lb ft
20 mm 610 - 730 Nm 450 - 540 lb ft
24 mm 1050 - 1275 Nm 780 - 940 lb ft
30 mm 2000 - 2400 Nm 1470 - 1770 lb ft
36 mm 3500 - 4200 Nm 2580 - 3090 lb ft
Markings for Grade 10.9 hardware

Grade 12.9 bolts, nuts, and studs


Size Nm lb in/lb ft
Typically the torque values specified for grade 10.9 hardware can be used satisfactorily on grade 12.9 hardware.
Markings for Grade 12.9 hardware

9 - 28
10 - ACCESSORIES

10 - ACCESSORIES
General accessories
Cab power connections
Two auxiliary power connections are provided on the right-
hand side console for 12 volt equipment.

RCPH10TLB322AAF 1

Coat hook
Left-hand B-post.

RCPH10TLB347AAF 2

Garment strap
Left-hand B-post.

RCPH10TLB348AAF 3

Internal rear view mirror

RCPH10TLB349AAF 4

10 - 1
10 - ACCESSORIES

Radio ready package


Right-hand B-post. The radio ready package includes the
radio mounting box (1), wiring harness, speakers (2), and
antenna. The radio is not included.
NOTE: Another speaker is on the left-hand B-post.

RCPH10TLB346AAF 5

Vandal lockup kit


NOTE: Machines with ROPS canopy only.

The vandal lockup kit secures the right-hand side console.


Example: Storage position

RCPH10TLB109AAF 6

Example: Locked position

RCPH10TLB110AAF 7

10 - 2
Index

ACCESS TO OPERATORS PLATFORM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1


Machine access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1

ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
General accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1

ALARM(S) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Seat switch alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1

As required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-93
Auxiliary hydraulic pressure and flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-105
Bleed air from the fuel system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-93
Disable parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-103
Fan belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-101
Grille screen and radiator area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-100
Hydraulic pump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-96
Operators seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-98
Pilot control accumulator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-102
Prime turbocharger lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-95
Ride control accumulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-102
Tire pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-97

At warning message display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-19


Engine air filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-19
Fuel system water separator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-22
Hydraulic filter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-21

BACKHOE OPERATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23


Backhoe danger area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
Backhoe transport position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-28
Basic instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Before operating the backhoe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-30
Changing backhoe attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Extendahoe lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
Filling the backhoe bucket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
Lifting with the backhoe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
Moving the machine while digging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-34
Personal safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Power lift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
Stabilizer pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
Swing lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25

COMMISSIONING THE UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1


Engine speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Run in period of a new machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1

CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Advanced instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Backhoe controls - Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-40
Backhoe controls - Pilot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-46
Console controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Console controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-37
Dome light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-51
Front console - Left-hand switch panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Front console - Right-hand switch panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Gear selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Heating, ventilation or air-conditioning control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Instrument cluster. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
Loader functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Machine access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Operator seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Pedal controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Steering column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-107


Dome lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-115
Driving and flood lamps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-112
Instrument cluster lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-116
Stop, tail, flasher and turn signal lamps - Cab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-107
Stop, tail, flasher and turn signal lamps - ROPS canopy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-110

Every 10 hours or daily . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-27


Engine oil level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-27
Loader, backhoe, extendahoe grease fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-29

Every 100 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-58


Backhoe swing control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-58
Extendable dipper control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-58
Spark arresting muffler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-59

Every 1000 hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-78


Cab intake filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-81
Crankcase ventilation filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-81
Engine air filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-87
Engine valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-81
Front axle fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-82
Hydraulic fluid and filter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-78
Hydraulic reservoir breather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-80
Parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-89
Rear axle fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-84
Transmission fluid and filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-85

Every 2000 hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-90


Cooling system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-90

Every 250 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-60


Air conditioning belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-61
Air conditioning compressor seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-68
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-60
Front axle breather. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-64
Front axle drive shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-64
Front axle fluid level - Four wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-63
Fuel tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-66
Rear axle breather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
Rear axle drive shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
Rear axle fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
Transmission fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-67

Every 50 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-41


4 in 1 bucket pivots and grease fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47
Coolant reservoir (deaeration reservoir) fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44
Front axle grease fittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46
Fuel system water separator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-41
Hydraulic reservoir fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45
Loader hydraulic coupler lock pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47

Every 500 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-69


Engine oil and filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-75
Fuel filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-72
Operators seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-71
ROPS cab and seat mount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-69

Every 600 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-76


Battery fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-76

FORWARD CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5


Front console - Left-hand switch panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Front console - Right-hand switch panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Gear selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Pedal controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Steering column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8

GENERAL INFORMATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1


CNH America LLC technical manuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Component Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Identification numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Intended use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Manual storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Note to the owner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Read the Operators Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Right, left, front and rear of the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8

GENERAL INFORMATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1


Brake enabled idle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Display brightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
FNR shift sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Maximum throttle/Cold start idle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Throttle sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7

GENERAL INFORMATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1


Battery access and care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
Consumables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Diagnostic/service tool port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16
Fire extinguisher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
Fuses and relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13
General safety before you service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Heater coolant shutoff valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16
Hood latch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Hour meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Safety rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Support strut for loader lift arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Welding on the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7

Initial 10 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-24


Air conditioning belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-24
Wheel nut and bolt torque. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26

Initial 100 hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-49


Fuel filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-53
Hydraulic filter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-49
Parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-57
Service brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-56
Transmission filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-51

Initial 20 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38


Front axle fluid level - Four wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Rear axle fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
Transmission fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38

LOADER OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8


Bucket level, position and depth indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Changing loader attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Comfort Steer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Detent position for 4 in 1 bucket control switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Job layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Lifting with the loader. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Loader digging force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Personal safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Return to dig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18

MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
4 in 1 bucket pivots and grease fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47
Air conditioning belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-24
Air conditioning belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-61
Air conditioning compressor seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-68
Auxiliary hydraulic pressure and flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-105
Backhoe swing control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-58
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-60
Battery access and care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Battery fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-76
Bleed air from the fuel system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-93
Cab intake filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-81
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
Consumables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Coolant reservoir (deaeration reservoir) fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44
Cooling system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-90
Crankcase ventilation filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-81
Diagnostic/service tool port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16
Disable parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-103
Dome lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-115
Driving and flood lamps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-112
Engine air filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-19
Engine air filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-87
Engine oil and filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-75
Engine oil level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-27
Engine valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-81
Extendable dipper control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-58
Fan belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-101
Fire extinguisher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
Front axle breather. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-64
Front axle drive shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-64
Front axle fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-82
Front axle fluid level - Four wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Front axle fluid level - Four wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-63
Front axle grease fittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46
Fuel filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-53
Fuel filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-72
Fuel system water separator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-22
Fuel system water separator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-41
Fuel tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-66
Fuses and relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13
General safety before you service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Grille screen and radiator area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-100
Heater coolant shutoff valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16
Hood latch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Hour meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Hydraulic filter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-21
Hydraulic filter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-49
Hydraulic fluid and filter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-78
Hydraulic pump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-96
Hydraulic reservoir breather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-80
Hydraulic reservoir fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45
Instrument cluster lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-116
Loader hydraulic coupler lock pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47
Loader, backhoe, extendahoe grease fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-29
Maintenance Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17
Operators seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-71
Operators seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-98
Parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-57
Parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-89
Pilot control accumulator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-102
Prime turbocharger lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-95
Rear axle breather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
Rear axle drive shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
Rear axle fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-84
Rear axle fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
Rear axle fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
Ride control accumulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-102
ROPS cab and seat mount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-69
Safety rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Service brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-56
Spark arresting muffler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-59
Stop, tail, flasher and turn signal lamps - Cab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-107
Stop, tail, flasher and turn signal lamps - ROPS canopy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-110
Support strut for loader lift arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Tire pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-97
Transmission filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-51
Transmission fluid and filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-85
Transmission fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38
Transmission fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-67
Welding on the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7
Wheel nut and bolt torque. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26

MAINTENANCE CHART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17


Maintenance Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17

MOVING THE UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8


Before operating the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Differential lock system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Machine direction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Ride control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Transmission gears . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Traveling on a hill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Uniform braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1


Before operating the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Before starting the engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Booster battery procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Cold temperature operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Differential lock system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Engine speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Hot temperature operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Machine direction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Normal engine starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Ride control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Run in period of a new machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Shutting down the engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Transmission gears . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Traveling on a hill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Uniform braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8

OPERATORS SEAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1


Operator seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1

OVERHEAD CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-51


Dome light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-51

REARWARD CONTROLS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-37


Backhoe controls - Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-40
Backhoe controls - Pilot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-46
Console controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-37

RECOVERY TRANSPORT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1


Towing the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Transporting on a trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3

RH SIDE CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13


Advanced instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Console controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Heating, ventilation or air-conditioning control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Instrument cluster. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
Loader functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13

SAFETY INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1


Bucket and hydraulic coupler decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
Do Not Operate hang tag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-37
Ductile iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Hand signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Operator protective structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Proposition 65 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Safety decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Safety rules - Air conditioning system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Safety rules - Basic operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Safety rules - Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Safety rules - Electrical storm safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Safety rules - Fire or explosion prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Safety rules - Fuel handling precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Safety rules - General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Safety rules - Hazardous chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Safety rules - Lifting and overhead loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Safety rules - Maintenance precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Safety rules - Mounting and dismounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Safety rules - Operator precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Safety rules - Specific precautions to this machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Safety rules - Transporting precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Safety rules - Utility precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Safety rules - Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Safety rules and signal word definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Seat belt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13

SPECIFICATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Backhoe/extendahoe lift capacities .................................................................................................................9-16
Engine ...............................................................................................................................................................9-2
Hydraulics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . 9-6
Loader lift capacities ........................................................................................................................................9-16
Machine overall dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . 9-10
Noise levels ......................................................................................................................................................9-26
Powertrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............................. . . . . . . .. . .. .. . . . . . 9-4
Torque ..............................................................................................................................................................9-27
Travel speeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . 9-7
STARTING THE UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Before starting the engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Booster battery procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Cold temperature operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Hot temperature operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Normal engine starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3

STOPPING THE UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7


Shutting down the engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7

TRANSPORT OPERATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1


Towing the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Transporting on a trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Seat switch alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1

WORKING OPERATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1


Backhoe danger area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
Backhoe transport position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-28
Basic instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Before operating the backhoe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-30
Brake enabled idle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Bucket level, position and depth indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Changing backhoe attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Changing loader attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Comfort Steer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Detent position for 4 in 1 bucket control switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Display brightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Extendahoe lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
Filling the backhoe bucket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
FNR shift sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Job layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Lifting with the backhoe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
Lifting with the loader. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Loader digging force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Maximum throttle/Cold start idle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Moving the machine while digging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-34
Personal safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Personal safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Power lift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
Return to dig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Stabilizer pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
Swing lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
Throttle sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Dealersstamp

CNH America LLC reserves the right to make improvements in design and changes in specifications
at any time without notice and without incurring any obligation to install them on units previously sold.
Specifications, descriptions, and illustrative material herein are as accurate as known
at time of publication, but are subject to change without notice.

Availability of some models and equipment builds varies according to the country
in which the equipment is being used. For exact information about any particular product,
please consult your Case dealer.

PrintedinU.S.A.

Copyright 2010 CNHAmerica LLC. All Rights Reserved.


CaseisaregisteredtrademarkofCNH America LLC.
Racine Wisconsin 53404 U.S.A.