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PERANCANGAN BALOK PROFIL WF

Proyek : TGA - 2003


Elemen : BALOK - 102 - SNI 03-1729-2002

Modulus Elastisitas (E) = 200000.00 MPa


Tegangan leleh (fy) = 240.00 MPa
f r, = 70.00 MPa rolled shape 70 MPa
welded shape 115 MPa
Data beban dan geometri struktur
Momen maksimum (Mu) = 154425400.00 Nmm
Gaya geser maksimum (Vu) = 117801.20 N
Momen A (MA) = 18910000.00 Nmm (momen pada 1/4 bentang)
Momen B (MB) = 37793700.00 Nmm (momen pada tengah bentang)
Momen C (MC) = 95712200.00 Nmm (momen pada 3/4 bentang)
Jarak sokongan lateral (L) = 2000.00 mm

Dicoba Profil WF 350x175x7x11


Data Profil
ht 350.00 mm Ix 136000000.00 mm4
bf 175.00 mm Iy 9840000.00 mm4
tw 7.00 mm rx 147.00 mm
tf 11.00 mm ry 39.50 mm
r 14.00 mm Sx 775000.00 mm3
A 6314.00 mm2 Sy 112000.00 mm3

Menentukan konstanta-konstanta untuk profil simetris ganda

tf

tw
h h2 ht

h1
bf

h1 = t f +r = 25.00 mm

h2 = ht 2 h 1 = 300.00 mm

h = ht t f = 339.00 mm
ht t f

3
J b3t = 192784.67 mm4
2
Iw
Iy h
= = 2.83E+11 mm6
4
X1 =
Sx
EGJA
2
= 12649.74 MPa

2
X2 = S
4 x
GJ [ ] Iw
Iy
= 0.000290 mm2/N2

tw h 2
Zx = t
+( b f t w )( ht t f ) t f = 840847.00 mm3
4

Perancangan lentur balok


Menentukan kuat nominal lentur penampang dengan pengaruh tekuk lokal
Penampang kompak, l < lp
Untuk tekuk lokal pelat sayap

bf 170
< maka, 7.95 < 10.97
2 tf f y
Pelat sayap termasuk elemen kompak
Untuk tekuk lokal pelat badan

h2 1680
< maka, 42.86 < 108.44
tw f y
Pelat badan termasuk elemen kompak
Menentukan batasan momen plastik, Mp
Mn = Mp , dengan Mp adalah :

Mp = fy Zx = 201803280.00 Nmm

Jadi digunakan Mn = Mp = 201803280.00 Nmm

Menentukan kuat nominal lentur penampang dengan pengaruh tekuk lateral


Kontrol penampang, termasuk bentang pendek, menengah, atau bentang panjang :
L = 2000.00 mm

Lp = 1,76 r y
E
fy
= 2006.87 mm
fL =
1,76 r y

fy - f r
E
fy
= 170.00 MPa

Lr = ry
[ ] X1
fL
1+ 1+ X 2 f
L2
= 5925.05 mm

Jadi : L < Lp (termasuk bentang pendek)

Menentukan kuat lentur plastis Mp


Mn = Mp , dengan Mp adalah :

Mp = fy Zx = 201803280.00 Nmm

Bentang pendek, L Lp
Mn = Mp = 201803280.00 Nmm

Menentukan momen nominal yang paling menentukan


Momen nominal berdasar pengaruh tekuk lokal = 201803280.00 Nmm

Momen nominal berdasar pengaruh tekuk lateral = 201803280.00 Nmm

Jadi Mn aktual yang paling menentukan = 201803280.00 Nmm

Kontrol kekuatan penampang berdasar Mn yang paling menentukan


Mu Mn
154.43 < 181.62 kNm Aman

Kontrol kuat geser nominal balok tanpa pengaku


Ketebalan minimum pelat badan tanpa adanya pengaku :

h2
tw
6, 36
E
fy
Jadi tebal pelat badan memenuhi syarat
42.86 < 183.60

Kuat geser pelat badan tanpa adanya pengaku :


Aw = tw ht = 2450.00 mm2

Vn = 0,6 f y A w = 352800.00 N

Vu Vn
Vn
117.80 < 317.52 kN Aman

Kesimpulan : Jadi profil WF 350x175x7x11 aman


Kesimpulan : Jadi profil WF 350x175x7x11 Aman
Rasio lentur = 117.61 %
Rasio geser = 269.53885 %
Standard Sectional Dimension of Wide Flange-steel and Its Sectional
Area, Unit Weight and Sectional Characteristic

Note :

Y
*) Material : JIS G 3101 - SS 400

tf
r
tf
tw
Desain X X
Fy = 2450 kg/cm if 16 mm

h2
ht
h1
bf
Y Fy = 2350 kg/cm if tf 16 mm

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Informative Reference
S TAN DAR D S E C T I O NAL D I M E N S I O N Sec.of Unit Geometrical Radius of Modulus of
Area Weight Moment of Gyration of Section
Nominal ht x bf tw tf r h1 h2 A Inertia (cm4) Area (cm) (cm3)
Dimensional (mm x mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (cm) (kg/m) Ix Iy ix iy Sx Sy
WF 100x100x6x8 100 x 100 6.0 8.0 10.0 18.0 64.0 21.90 17.20 383 134 4.18 2.47 76.5 26.7
WF 125x125x6,5x9 125 x 125 6.5 9.0 10.0 19.0 87.0 30.31 23.80 847 293 5.29 3.11 136 47
WF 150x75x5x7 150 x 75 5.0 7.0 8.0 15.0 120.0 17.85 14.00 666 49.5 6.11 1.66 88.8 13.2
WF 148x100x6x9 148 x 100 6.0 9.0 11.0 20.0 108.0 26.84 21.10 1020 151 6.17 2.37 138 30.1
WF 150x150x7x10 150 x 150 7.0 10.0 11.0 21.0 108.0 40.14 31.50 1640 563 6.39 3.75 219 75.1
WF 175x175x7,5x11 175 x 175 7.5 11.0 12.0 23.0 129.0 51.21 40.20 2880 984 7.50 4.38 330 112
WF 198x99x4,5x7 198 x 99 4.5 7.0 11.0 18.0 162.0 23.18 18.20 1580 114 8.26 2.21 160 23
WF 200x100x5,5x8 200 x 100 5.5 8.0 11.0 19.0 162.0 27.16 21.30 1840 134 8.24 2.22 184 26.8
WF 200x200x8x12 200 x 200 8.0 12.0 13.0 25.0 150.0 63.53 49.90 4720 1600 8.62 5.02 472 160
WF 248x124x5x8 248 x 124 5.0 8.0 12.0 20.0 208.0 32.68 25.70 3540 255 10.40 2.79 285 41.1
Standard Sectional Dimension of Wide Flange-steel and Its Sectional
Area, Unit Weight and Sectional Characteristic

Note :

Y
*) Material : JIS G 3101 - SS 400

tf
r
tf
tw
Desain X X
Fy = 2450 kg/cm if 16 mm

h2
ht
h1
bf
Y Fy = 2350 kg/cm if tf 16 mm

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Informative Reference
S TAN DAR D S E C T I O NAL D I M E N S I O N Sec.of Unit Geometrical Radius of Modulus of
Area Weight Moment of Gyration of Section
Nominal ht x bf tw tf r h1 h2 A Inertia (cm4) Area (cm) (cm3)
Dimensional (mm x mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (cm) (kg/m) Ix Iy ix iy Sx Sy
WF 250x125x6x9 250 x 125 6.0 9.0 12.0 21.0 208.0 37.66 29.60 4050 294 10.40 2.79 324 47
WF 250x250x9x14 250 x 250 9.0 14.0 16.0 30.0 190.0 92.18 72.40 10800 3650 10.80 6.29 867 292
WF 298x149x5,5x8 298 x 149 5.5 8.0 13.0 21.0 256.0 40.80 32.00 6320 442 12.40 3.29 424 59.3
WF 300x150x6,5x9 300 x 150 6.5 9.0 13.0 22.0 256.0 46.78 36.70 7210 508 12.40 3.29 481 67.7
WF 300x300x10x15 300 x 300 10.0 15.0 18.0 33.0 234.0 119.80 94.00 20400 6750 13.10 7.51 1360 450
WF 346x174x6x9 346 x 174 6.0 9.0 14.0 23.0 300.0 52.68 41.40 11100 792 14.50 3.88 641 91
WF 350x175x7x11 350 x 175 7.0 11.0 14.0 25.0 300.0 63.14 49.60 13600 984 14.70 3.95 775 112
WF 350x350x12x19 350 x 350 12.0 19.0 20.0 39.0 272.0 173.90 137.00 40300 13600 15.20 8.84 2300 776
WF 396x199x7x11 396 x 199 7.0 11.0 16.0 27.0 342.0 72.16 56.60 20000 1450 16.70 4.48 1010 145
WF 400x200x8x13 400 x 200 8.0 13.0 16.0 29.0 342.0 84.10 66.00 23700 1740 16.80 4.54 1190 174
WF 400x400x13x21 400 x 400 13.0 21.0 22.0 43.0 314.0 218.70 172.00 66600 22400 17.50 10.10 3330 1120
Standard Sectional Dimension of Wide Flange-steel and Its Sectional
Area, Unit Weight and Sectional Characteristic

Note :

Y
*) Material : JIS G 3101 - SS 400

tf
r
tf
tw
Desain X X
Fy = 2450 kg/cm if 16 mm

h2
ht
h1
bf
Y Fy = 2350 kg/cm if tf 16 mm

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Informative Reference
S TAN DAR D S E C T I O NAL D I M E N S I O N Sec.of Unit Geometrical Radius of Modulus of
Area Weight Moment of Gyration of Section
Nominal ht x bf tw tf r h1 h2 A Inertia (cm4) Area (cm) (cm3)
Dimensional (mm x mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (cm) (kg/m) Ix Iy ix iy Sx Sy
WF 450x200x9x14 450 x 200 9.0 14.0 18.0 32.0 386.0 96.80 76.00 33500 1870 18.60 4.40 1490 187
WF 500x200x10x16 500 x 200 10.0 16.0 20.0 36.0 428.0 114.20 89.60 47800 2140 20.50 4.33 1910 214
WF 600x200x11x17 600 x 200 11.0 17.0 22.0 39.0 522.0 134.40 106.00 77600 2280 24.00 4.12 2590 228
WF 588x300x12x20 588 x 300 12.0 20.0 28.0 48.0 492.0 192.50 151.00 118000 9020 24.80 6.85 4020 601
WF 700x300x13x24 700 x 300 13.0 24.0 28.0 52.0 596.0 235.50 185.00 201000 10800 29.30 6.78 5760 722
WF 800x300x14x26 800 x 300 14.0 26.0 28.0 54.0 692.0 267.40 210.00 292000 11700 33.00 6.62 7290 782
Tidak ada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0