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Oxidation State: 7,6,4,2,3

Crystal Structure: Cubic Body Centered


Experimental Information

Collect Mn3s region to enable straightforward identification of Mn oxidation


state.
Some compounds/alloys of manganese are magnetic.
Degauss samples if possible before analysis.

Interpretation of XPS spectra

Mn2p peak has significantly split spin-orbit components (?metal=11.2eV).


Mn2p peaks have asymmetric shape for metal.
Mn oxide peaks are significantly shifted to higher binding energy than the
metal.
A well resolved Mn2p spectrum for metal shows multiplet splitting.[1]
Second component (shifted by 0.9eV from main peak) can be neglected
when fitting mixed oxide/metal spectra.
Method for chemical analysis of Mn oxides.

Mn2p peaks for Mn oxides have many multiplet-split components, similar to the
Cr2p region in chromium oxides.
MnO2 has a much narrower Mn2p3/2 peak compared to MnO or Mn2O3.
Also has an identifiable shape at the top of the Mn3/2 peak.
MnO has a satellite feature (~647 eV), which is not present for either Mn2O3 or
MnO2

Possible to distinguish Mn oxidation states using Mn3s peak.

This peak has two, multiplet split components.


Caused by coupling of non-ionized 3s electron with 3d valence-band
electrons.
Magnitude of peak splitting is diagnostic of oxidation state.
?E for MnO (Mn2+) 6.0eV, Mn2O3 (Mn3+) = 5.3eV, MnO2 (Mn4+) 4.7eV