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48 1 Vol. 48No.

1
2011 1 Journal of Peking University Philosophy and Social Sciences Jan. 2011

M. A. K.






H0 05 A 1000-5919201101-0137-10



Wolfgang
Dressler Teun van Dijk
text
linguistics

text linguistics
Textlinguistik
textlinguistics


AILA
J. R. Firth 20 80

1985


Sydney Lamb 200449
Robert Lees 1959

2010-12-05

2010 11 12 12

text discourse
Association Internationale de linguistique Applique
138 2011


Hasan 1978
texture





totalizing




1968








discourse genre



activity type
setting


Berstein




/ Ruqaiya Hasan





Carmel
Cloran

1977
Halliday
1 M. A. K. 139







Hasan
2009



thickly Matthiessen Teruya
Wu 2008








Lemke
1998 Martinec 2005
Baldry Thibault 2008


2009



Kress
van Leeuwen
1996 Michael
OToole
1994
2011




1999
Caldwell 2010
McDonald Widdowson
140 2011

2000162






symbolic articulation

motif
Hasan
1985



Zhang
1998


deviant




indexical


















1 M. A. K. 141



design


engineered


20 60
Leech1966 Klemperer1957 2000


















Roger Fowler

Gunther Kress 20

70 Fowler1987

Norman Fairclough


Fairclough1989


discourse
142 2011

b + / b 2 4 ac
x =
2a
Widdowson2000 185 ax bx c 0 x
Jim Martin b b 4ac
2aBeller
Martin
2004

Fairclough2000a
2000b
IT
ICT information and

communication technology


MacGillivray Boyle in Wilsdon
Butt Lukin
ed. 2001 118
Matthiessen 2004
2010
2010





















2
ax + bx + c = 0
1 M. A. K. 143


20 50

1956




Martin 2000 Martin White
2005



20 80






Mann Matthiessen
PENMAN Robin
Fawcett GENESYS




Teich 2009113









Gerald Edelman 1992
Terrence Deacon
1997

144 2011




ASIC


Jon Patrick

2009

Patrick
2008





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TextDiscourse and Information A Systemic functional Overview


M. A. K. Halliday
Department of LinguisticsUniversity of SydneyAustralia

Abstract This paper discusses some important notions in discourse analysis from the systemic functional
perspective. The author begins with the two terms oftextanddiscoursereviewing briefly the history of
discourse analysis. Then he comes to the question of discourse as variationarguing that we need to distinguish
the type of discourse variation associated not with register and genre but with what Bernstein calledcodeand
that we need the concept not just ofmultimodaldiscourse but of discourse that is multisemiotic this is
followed by a discussion of whether there arespecialtypes of text for exampleworks of literature and if
soin what sense they are specialand whether the critical feature might be the role of metaphorlexical or
grammatical. The author notices that many scholars who undertake discourse analysis approach the task from a
particular angle. A case in point is the approach known as critical discourse analysis provoking Jim
Martins counterproposal for positive discourse analysis. Unlike matterwhich has expansion in space
much of meaning cannot be measured but people seem to hanker for a balance between ideational and
interpersonal meaningwhich may account for the popularity of interpersonal topics among todays researchers
into discourse. In the last sectionthe author turns to the relation between discourse and technologybringing
out the many-sided role of the computer in discourse analysisincluding machine translation.
Key words discourse analysissystemic-functional linguisticsinformationtechnology