Anda di halaman 1dari 7

# LA CALDERA:

K1

K2

R3 K3

R1
R2

R4

DATOS:

ALTURA 3.2m
DIAMETRO 1.3m
ESPESOR 1 0.004m
ESPESOR 2 0.045m
ESPESOR 3 0.025m
TEMPERATURA 1 450C
TEMPERATURA 2 ? C
TEMPERATURA 3 ? C
TEMPERATURA 4 45C
TEMPERATURA AMBIENTE 18C
CONDUCTIVIDAD TRMICA 1 (K) 54 W/mC
2
= r h
= 3.1416 0.65 3.20
= 6.5353

## volumen 6.535 1 hora

volumen X 20 horas

X = 130.7m3

A=2rL

## A1 = 2 x 3.1416 x 0.65m x 3.20m = 13.07m2

2 = 2 3.1416 0.654 3.20 = 13.152
3 = 2 3.1416 0.699 3.20 = 14.0542
4 = 2 3.1416 0.724 3.20 = 14.562

2 1
A1Ln = = 13.112
2
(1)
3 2
2 = = 13.602
3
(2)
4 3
3 = = 14.3062
4
(3)

2 1
1 = = 5.65106
1 1
3 2
R2 = = 6.36103
k2 x A2Ln
4 3
3 = = 4.37103
3 3

1 4 450 45
= = = 36818.182
0.011

## T3 = T2 QR2 = 447.92 36818.182 x 6.36103 = 213.76

Perdida de calor:

## T2 T3 = 447.92 213.76 = 234.16

La tubera:

Datos:

ALTURA 30m
DIAMETRO 0.18m
CAPA DE ACERO (ESPESOR 1) 0.025m
CAPA DE FIBRA DE VIDRIO (ESPESOR 2) 0.03m
CAPA DE MADERA (ESPESOR 3) 0.004m
TEMPERATURA 1 190C
TEMPERATURA 2 ? C
TEMPERATURA 3 ? C
TEMPERATURA 4 45C
TEMPERATURA AMBIENTE 18C

A=2rL

## A1 = 2 x 3.1416 x 0.09m x 30m = 16.965m2

2 = 2 3.1416 0.115 30 = 21.682
3 = 2 3.1416 0.145 30 = 27.332
4 = 2 3.1416 0.149 30 = 28.092

2 1
A1Ln = = 19.232
2
(1)
3 2
2 = = 24.42
3
(2)
4 3
3 = = 27.712
4
(3)

2 1
1 = = 2.7105
1 1
3 2
R2 = = 2.4103
k2 x A2Ln
4 3
3 = = 3.61104
3 3

1 4 190 45
= = = 52008.61
2.788103

## T3 = T2 QR2 = 188.596 52008.61x 2.4103 = 63.78

Perdida de calor:

Proceso: