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Name: Justin Angelito D.

Fajardo Signature: Grade & Section: XII- Cottam


Date Performed: July 7, 2017
Date Submitted: July 11, 2017

I Objectives

The Slow Ball experiments objective is to determine how an object moves at a


constant speed. This is made possible by using a slowball apparatus which is a glass
tube filled with viscose liquid where a steel ball floats inside. Moreover, it will also
prepare the students to develop their laboratory specifically on how to use the
different apparatuses that are mentioned below.

II Materials and Experimental Setup (DRAWING AND LABEL)

III Procedure

To perform the Slow Ball experiment, the student must have the above-
mentioned materials to study how an object moves at a constant speed. Second,
one must set the vertical support stand to 25.0 cm. Third, prepare the
millisecond timer by connecting the upper photo-eye to the A input of the device
and the lower photo eye to the B input. Fourth, is to alter the separation of the
photo-detectors based on the given measurement in table 1; after that the
student must use the magnet to bring the steel ball to the high end of the tube
and release it. Lastly, after recording the results from table 1 the student can
proceed to table 2 and execute the given measurements by changing the position
and then make conclusions through observation of the acquired results.
IV. Data and Results

Table 1
A&B Time #1 Time #2 Time #3 Average Time Average Speed

15-65 20.393 secs 20.395 secs 20.351 secs 20.384 secs 2.453 cm/secs
20-60 16.390 secs 16.280 secs 16.273 secs 16.314 secs 2.452 cm/secs
25-55 12.328 secs 12.231 secs 12.359 secs 12.306 secs 2.438 cm/secs
30-50 8.221 secs 8.176 secs 8.196 secs 8.198 secs 2.440 cm/secs
35-45 4.115 secs 4.137 secs 4.138 secs 4.130secs 2.421cm/secs

Table 2

A &B Time #1 Time #2 Time #3 Average Time Average Speed

15-25 4.076 secs 4.053 secs 4.066 secs 4.065 secs 2.460 cm/secs
25-35 4.013 secs 3.988 secs 4.034 secs 4.011 secs 2.493 cm/secs
35-45 4.056 secs 4.026 secs 4.045 secs 4.042 secs 2.474 cm/secs
45-55 4.130 secs 4.109 secs 4.120 secs 4.120 secs 2.427 cm/secs
55-65 4.126 secs 4.141 secs 4.147 secs 4.138 secs 2.417 cm/secs

V. Data Analysis

On our groups results, it can be clearly seen that the speed of the
metal ball became relatively slower in every attempt. Even with the constant separation
between point A and B, the speed was still decreasing. The average speed in table 1 showed an
average differential of 6.8 cm/ secs decline until the fourth attempt which surprisingly had a 2
cm/ sec incline. Meanwhile in table 2, it also showed a sudden incline in speed. However, similar
to the attempts in table 1, the quick incline was then followed by declines in the remaining
attempts.

VI. Conclusion

The Slow Ball experiment aimed to determine the motion of an


object moving at constant speed. The data in both table 1 and 2 displayed a dominant rate of
speed decline as to a predicted incline. With all of the observations and calculations conducted
in the experiment, the results go to show that in order to achieve constant velocity an object
must travel at a constant speed whilst having a constant direction.
VII. Supplementary Reading

To achieve a constant velocity, the key ingredients that must be included are constant speed and
constant direction. Without these two, an inconsistent motion would occur in the objects
travel.

Constant Velocity
Constant Velocity. (2016). Boundless. Retrieved from
https://www.boundless.com/physics/textbooks/boundless-physics-textbook/two-
dimensional-kinematics-3/motion-in-two-dimensions-40/constant-velocity-217-6226/

The experiment should be introduced first in the beginning of the conclusion. Lastly, the results
must be linked to the conclusion. It must also be short and concise as much as possible.

Sample Conclusions
Sample Conclusions. (2017). Science Buddies. Retrieved 10 July 2017, from
https://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_sample_conclusions.shtml

Einsteins theory of General Relativity paved way to new experiments which then were
explained by the GTD (Gravitational Time Dilation). Spacetime curves can interpret why objects
with huge masses have a faster rate of crashing to the earth than objects with lesser masses.

Does time go faster at the top of a building compared to the bottom?


Does time go faster at the top of a building compared to the bottom?. (2017). Science Questions
with Surprising Answers. Retrieved 10 July 2017, from
http://wtamu.edu/~cbaird/sq/2013/06/24/does-time-go-faster-at-the-top-of-a-building-
compared-to-the-bottom/

Our daily lives revolve around the law of acceleration and so as its effects. We might not notice
that constant force and constant motion are happening with our very own actions. Complex
matters in simple moments fueled by the roots of physics.

Constant Force and Constant Motion


(2017). Wired.com. Retrieved 10 July 2017, from https://www.wired.com/2012/03/constant-force-
and-constant-motion/
Looking Back

A.) With a different value of h the speed seems to change. How can you explain this?

As h (vertical value) increases, the speed of the metal ball will increase, however with
the presence of oil in the tube, alterations occur in the travel time of the object. On the other
hand, if h decreases, the speed of the object is predicted to become slower. This can be all
explained by the gravitational time dilation effect which proved that objects with a lot of mass
creates a stronger gravitational field that leads to a greater spacetime curve.

B.) A fighter pilot ejects from his damaged plane. The plane nose-dives to earth at a terrific
speed while the pilot floats down gracefully with a parachute. Why the difference in speed?

The mass of the plane and the pilot are both susceptive to gravity. However, as the plane
plummeted to the ground a presence of an opposite force was not present during the fall. On
the other hand, the pilot ejected a parachute which was designed to create enough air
resistance to slow down the gravitational pull of the earth. Therefore. the plane fell faster than
the pilot in crashes.

C.) If there is trouble in a space capsule, could the astronaut eject with a parachute?

No, if the astronaut ejected a parachute in space it would just spread out and float in the
area. This is because the presence of air is unavailable. Therefore, no gravity, no air resistance,
no plummeting downward.