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Name : Achmad Fahrur Rozi / 201410360311200

Major & Class : IR / D

The Analysis of US lose in Vietnam War

The Viet Cong were protecting their way of life and their choice of government from a foreign
and aggressive invader. Ho CHi Minh was a liberator from the foreign imperial oppression of the
French. The US were nothing more that a replacement of the French power which sought to
perpetuate the Western control over the region. The Viet Cong had the will to win. The US relied
on young conscripted soldiers that were less willing to fight than the Viet Cong.

The US, though, had all the advantages of military technology, whereas the Viet Cong had
very little; WW1 guns, machetes, bicycles, and the idea to dig themselves into the ground. US
weapons included long range bombers, cluster bombs, napalm, chemical weapons, jet planes,
helicopters, and all the latest ballistic equipment. Machine guns, radios etc.. the best in the world.
The behaviour of the US ought to be seen as the most shameful and disgraceful act of aggression.
They extended the war to include Cambodia and Laos. Part of the reason the US lost the war was
due to people at home protesting. But the real answer is the dogged and unremitting effort of the
people of Vietnam and their design to rid themselves of a foreign invader.

The Analysis of The Soviet Union collapse

My own opinion is that Gorbachev had more to do with the end of the USSR. Gorbachev's 2
main policies for reform (glasnost & perestroika) combined to create political instability and the
eventual dissolution of the Union. Perestroika tried to combine a centrally-controlled economy
with free-market concepts. The main effect of this was economic hardship for the people of the
Soviet Union. Prices began to rapidly increase (inflation). Shortages of basic consumer goods
became widespread. Overall, Soviet quality of life deteriorated as a result of perestroika, and
people became disillusioned with the Soviet system and Moscow's rule.

Also, the poor performance of the Soviet economy during perestroika forced the government
into spending cuts, and it could no longer afford to keep Red Army divisions stationed in Eastern
Europe. This hastened the anti-communist revolutions in Eastern Europe, which themselves
hastened the collapse of the Soviet Union. Glasnost equated to a liberalisation of Soviet
censorship. It permitted people to criticise the Soviet government, and also called for political
openness. People immediately began to express their views that the Soviet government was a
failure.The republics found it convenient to blame Moscow for the poor shape of their
economies. Referendums held in the republics were mostly in favour of independence from the
Soviet Union, and the USSR was officially dissolved in December 1991.