Anda di halaman 1dari 11

c 

 


 
Laboratorio de Química General Ip
drabajo Práctico Nº 9p

p
Determinación del peso molecular de un ácido mediante el
análisis volumétrico (titulación).

p
 p p 
p p p p p p p p p
à
  pp
à

p p
p
p
p
pp pp p
p
p
›p   p p
p  p p  p  pp p  p  p
›p Ñ  p p  p p  p   p

p
pp
p
p
Lp p p p p p  ! p "#p
$! 
%&pp p'p !pp(!p pppp!pp
p!pp#p!p pp "! p
!p p (p !p p  p p )p p p p p p
 p !#pp(p*p p ( p pp
p !)'p!pp pp p p !pp+pp pp
p ! pp !p(p pp !% p p
Lp  p p  p ( !p  p  ! p p p p p !p !p
 ! pp!p"p,ppp!p ! pp!p" p
!'p!p pp p !p*p!p pp p( pp
p- pp
.p ! pp!pp! 
p( p*p(p!p ! p
p!p'p(!p !p!p p/ppp!p pp0  pp
1p "+p !p  p 
 p  p "! p p  !p !p p p
p p pp!p%p( pp!p !'p!p pp
p23p! 
p(  p!p ppp23p( !p!p ! p
pppp!p ! pp p
1p %p p ! 
p (p "!p p p p p !p (p !p
 !%pp(pp!pppp'pp p p
p#pp ppp %p(p #p !#'p !)p
pp%pp! 
% p
1p #p p  
p p !p !p !p p !p p p
 !p *p !p 
p p p p  !%'p p p !p  p
c 
 


 
Laboratorio de Química General Ip
drabajo Práctico Nº 9p

p
p  p p p p !p p  p 
p p p ! 
%p p
p !% p
1 p+ pp p %ppppp!pp! ppp  'p
"p,p!p,ppppp p
p  p !p p p (p p ! 
p+  4p $562707&p p
 p
p
pp
p
1pp,(pp(%pp p(pp!p p(p#pp
 p !#'p(pp p! p-pp"pp!ppp
!p (p !p )p !p p p !p p "p p + + )p !p
pp!p(pppp'p ppp !p p  !pp
! p p p ( !p *p p ,p !p (p p "p *p (p
p pppp( p
 
p  p -p p p  !p !p p (p "p p !p
-'p p! ppp+p(p p"!p 8 p
-p 9! p
-p pp((% p
-p :"pp! p
-p :" pp
-p ;
p1 * p
-p (p! p
-p ;
p !# p
-p  p
-p <ppp !pp!p p
-p < + ) p
-p ( p
p
p
p
 p  p
p
o  

Lp  %p p ! %p p !p #p p p  p !)p
!p p  p 'p !p p ! 
p (p p p %p
p p !p p  p p p !p p p p  !p
-!"p !p (( p +! p p p ! 'p p p p #p p
 p !# p.pp p= >pp=! >' 2pp !p
*p %p p $!p  !%p p p  !%p (%&p p ! 
p
(p !p p p !p  !%p  p  '5p p %p
 p . 
p !p !p  p (p ?p  p  p p
c 
 


 
Laboratorio de Química General Ip
drabajo Práctico Nº 9p

p
( pp pp,p !ppp!p!pp 
p
 p (!p + p 1 p (!p + p p  p (!p p  p !p + 
p p  %'p *p p
pp p!pp!p p$pp & p@ pp p
p  !p !p p  p (!p p  !  A p p p  p p
 p ?p p "! p  p p p  p p  'p  "p  ( p  p
p $p p p p ( (% p 1p p  %p  p p +!
p +!'p  p (!p + p p p  %p p  p (!p p  p !p  p (p  p
pp,pB'p*pp!p p !%ppppp
p  p p +p (p p p !p  p p "'p ,p
!p (p +p p  p $p p  & p !p !p
!p#p(pp p(!p+ pp!p%8pp!pp!p
p ! p $p p  & p 1p !p ! %p p  %p 
p ( 'p (!p !p !p p p ('p p p + + )'p !p p
 p p(p !p pp !p p(pp"! pp*p
!p'5 p0p-( pp p -pp  'pp p-ppppp
*p  p p  !p  p 3p p p ! p  !p !p
 p 1p  "!p 'p p p p p p p (!p p
+!p  p *p (!p p p CC p p -( 'p !p
! %p p  %p ,p !p ! 
p ("p p (p p
 !%pp$D &pp !pp( !p!+p!pp
p  p + p p p (!p !p  p  p !p  p (" p
(!#p  p (!p p  ! 'p *p !p ,p p p  !%p ! p
$("&p*p(p!p p p# p !pp( p

p p p ! 
p ")p p p !p p ('p p p p  p
(!p+ pp!*p(Ep*p'p!p( p"p(!pp p(p
p p !*p "+p *p(p!p pp  pp p p  *p
!p "p +p p  p p p  p  p p *p  p (!p p
 ! pp p! %pp % p1ppp ppp'p
*pp p

à   

   
  

1p !p ! %p p  %'p p p !p (%p p  p  p p
p p +p ) !p $p p  !%& p p p !p p p !p ) !p p !p
 !%'ppp!  pp p pp!*ppp p!p
p 
'p! p ! p:! !p p( p*)pp p! pp p
p p p  !%p !'p (!p !p p  p p p
#p p  p p "! p + 'p (p p   p .p p
pp!pp pp!p+ppp! p*pp !*ppp
 p 1 p ! p p p p  %p (!p  ! p
pp ppp p p!p p!pp
p ! p p  !p (p p p  %'p p p p  p
! 
p (p  p p  !p p p p p $" p p !p
+p &p (p (p  p p  p ! p p p p
c 
 


 
Laboratorio de Química General Ip
drabajo Práctico Nº 9p

p
 %p p p !p " p ;!p  p  !p !p p
 p  p (p p p % p p  'p p !p  !p "!p
?p p  p +p p p  !%p p  
p (p p  p (p p p
 !% p1pp p ppp!p p%8pppp
!p *p p p p p !p !p (!p p p p
!p (%p *p  p !p  p !p p  'p p p !p p
%p(!pppp p(p p(pp p% pp(p
?pp !%pp p!p(ppp!p p%pp
'p p p+%p p !p  p # p p # p p  !p +p
!p!p !  p: "!p p ,p(!p !p  p p
 !%p p p !p *p  p p p )p  p $(p
p p  p p %& p p -( 'p p ,%p p p
 !p p , p  !p  p p  !%p p !p F6p "p
)"p(pp! p!p pp% p

Èpà
 p

@ p p!ppp266p p (p*p p:pp 2 p:""p6 Gp"p


p !p $p "&p *p (p p 
p :p p  5p Hp 2p /p
 p
@@ p :?p  p p (,p 56p  p p "!p *p "p (p !p p
! p p!p%  p
@@@ p p p +p  !p p !p 
p  !#p p 266p  p :""p p
"!p  p p $2Gp p 56p  &p (p  p p !p *p (p p  p

'p-!"p p"p*p ppp( !?ppp"!p
*p""p p
p !# p
@ p p(p !p -!"!p p ( p 266p  p p p  p 
p
 !#p*p(  p
 p :"p (p p p p p  !%p p p  p 
p
 !# p
@ p (p p
pp!p!p((p"!p*pp26p pp p
 !%p*p pp!p+ p$;
p1 *& p
@@ p :""pppp"p pp+ + )pp p+ 'p*p! p
-p p !p !p p  !%p %,p p 'p p ! p p
+-pp!p"p p(p! p
@@@ p p@ p !p -p p (( p -p  p 
p !p p p +p
 p (p "!p  p p p !'p *p p  p  p p %,p
pp !p(p p! p
@I p :p p p(p !p"p"pp"p p%,pp p !%pp
p p p + 'p p "'p p "p !p p !p "p p
(!
p!p %pp( p
I p 1 p p  p p p  !*p p "!8p p  p  'p
 p  p p *p p p 'p  p p p  !%p 30p
! 
p*p!pp%"p
 p pp( p$p
p p !p p(& p p
c 
 


 
Laboratorio de Química General Ip
drabajo Práctico Nº 9p

p
I@ p
 
p p ! p*p p p pp!  p p
ppppp
±pp  p!
 p
p
     !"#$#%&
  '  
(  pppp 
  
( ! pppp 
p
p
"p#
  p
p

p
p
p
^p  p
p
Vpà   
  

݉௧௢௧௔௟ ൌ  ݉௩ െ  ݉௦௢௟௨௖௜×௡ 

݉௧௢௧௔௟ ൌ ሺͷ͸ ൅ ͲǤͷሻ݃Ǥ

݉௦௢௟௩௘௡௧௘ ൌ ͷ͸Ǥͷ݃Ǥ



Vpà    

c 
 


 
Laboratorio de Química General Ip
drabajo Práctico Nº 9p

p
‫ݒ‬ଶ 8ଶ
8ൌ 
‫ݒ‬ଵ

ሺͺǤͺ݈‫ݐ‬ሻሺͲǤͲͲͻͳሻ
8 ൌ 
ͲǤͳ݈‫ݐ‬

8 ൌ ͺǤͳͻ‫ି Ͳͳݔ‬ଶ


Vp à    

L௘௤௨௜ ൌ ሺ8 ௖௜ௗ௢ ሻሺ‫ ݒ‬௖௜ௗ௢ ሻ

L௘௤௨௜ ൌ ሺͺǤͳͻ‫ି Ͳͳݔ‬ଶ ሻሺͲǤͳ݈‫ ݐ‬ሻ

L௘௤௨௜ ൌ ͺǤʹ‫ିͲͳݔ‬ଷ 

Vp à    

݉
L௘௤௨௜ ݃ ൌ  
݁‫݅ݑݍ‬
ͲǤͷ݃
L௘௤௨௜ ݃ ൌ  
ͺǤʹ‫ି Ͳͳݔ‬ଷ
p
L௘௤௨௜ ݃ ൌ ͸ͳ݃ p
p
p
Vp à  à 

2  ൌ ሺ͸ͳ݃ሻሺ8݉݁‫ ݏܽ݃ݎܽܿ݁݀ݏ݋ݎ‬ሻ

2  ൌ ሺ͸ͳ݃ሻሺ8݉݁‫ ݏܽ݃ݎܽܿ݁݀ݏ݋ݎ‬ሻ

2  ൌ ሺͳʹʹሻ

Vp Ñ     

c 
 


 
Laboratorio de Química General Ip
drabajo Práctico Nº 9p

p
ௌ௧௘௢௥Ǥିௌ௘௫௣Ǥ ଵଶ଺ିଵଶଶ
 ‫ ͲͲͳݔ‬ൌ  ‫ ͲͲͳݔ‬ൌ ͵Ǥͳ͹Ψ
ௌ௧௘௢௥Ǥ ଵଶ଺

p
×p  p
p
#
p #
p
©p $   p &p &p )
$
p   p %#p
" p
 p  p
 Ñp '    ('     c p
p p p ))p p pp)ͳͲ ିଷ ppppp p !*p

p
p

$pp% pp
   p

1p p(p('p*p p 


p p! p'pp !pp
p +'p p p !p (p p !p !p p (! p +!p  p
)'p p !p p p p p !p !*p (p
,(% p
3pp!pp !pp pp"pppp!p
pp )p!p! 'pp!p(p% p
p p  p  ! p  p (p  ! p  p p !p p !p p !p
-'p p! p+p !pp!( % p
p
p
p
 p&p   p
p

Vp p !p  p -p p  p 0p p p !'p (!p p p !p
 )p!p!  p
Vp :"p (p %p  p 
p p 1 *p (!'p p !p
()p+!p ppp p %pp p p
Vp p p pppp+ + )pp p( p
Vp !p !p p ! p*p ppp pp(p(  p
Vp :("p p p p(p ppp((% p
Vp 3!pp p!p(pp+!p*p !p(!pp!*p
( "p$pp"& p
Vp p"!p(p ppp(p p(+p*p(p p
*!pp('p(ppp"p(  p p
Vp ;p p (p (p *p p p p p - p 1p p p
p  "p (!p p p 'p (p p p
"!'p p !"pp!p(? p
Vp *p !p"!p(pp(p p!ppp p(!  p
c 
 


 
Laboratorio de Química General Ip
drabajo Práctico Nº 9p

p
Vp p (!p p p p  p Lp + p p (
p p p
! p(!p(p+ pp p%p p! p+ p
Vp !p !p p(p p'pp!p p

p   p


p

p!pp pp*p 
p(p(p  !p !p
 
p p-p((!ppp  p(p pp(pp
 p p !# p

Lp! %pp!p#p !#pp p !)p!pp p


 p

Lp+ + )ppppp p

p  !*p !p p ,(%p p ! p p p (p ( 'p
(pppp+ p

#p p !p p *p ( p  p #p p  p  !#p
p!*p(pp p ! p p(pp!pp*pp p

p
p'  (
 )p

I.p JJJ "+4 p


II.p (8DD JK( "DJKp
III.p (8DD  " p
IV. p (8DD! (  p
V. p (8DD JK( "DJKD p
VI. p 9.3'p:L p=<!ppL!)> p1 pp p
3p1% p;#, p< p566B p
VII.p :M;03p:3N p=L!)'p3p1%> p1 p
;NJp p3p1% p;#, p< p566 p
p
p

p
p
p p
p
p
c 
 


 
Laboratorio de Química General Ip
drabajo Práctico Nº 9p

p
p
p
p
p
p
p
p
p
p
p
p
Èpp* pp p
p
*%'+%p p %*,p
0  
 
 ×p+p
0   0  ×p+p
d 
 


  ^$p-p

 
    $$±×"p%p
    $$$Èp(
p
        $$^p.+/0 .-12p
c  
     ×p(
/ p
 
p
p
±pp  pp
p
p

 pHp 5p/p 50p
p
5pHp
 pp50p
p
5pHp2p p6 6FOBp
p
5pHp6 OF6p
p
pGpGpHppGpG p
p

GpHp p
£
 + 
GpHp$6 OF6pp,p6 6BFpL&D$6 65p ,p62 2pP &p
 + Ô
p
GpHp6 6627p
p
c 
 


 
Laboratorio de Química General Ip
drabajo Práctico Nº 9p

p
 % pHpGp,p5DpHp ͹Ǥ͸‫ି Ͳͳ ݔ‬ସ p
p
o
%p: pH Hp5F OBp"D p
o
 po
1 ! pp"pHp Hp OOp"p¶p ×p(
p
!
p
('p  p,p('p   
3p4p pp p
('p 
p-p,p)--
3p4p pp p
-
p
1pHp6 662pQp
p
p
"pp  p
p
d c cd
0  
 
 [*
0   0  [*+

     #*"+#+& 
 
    ###,  
 
    ####-"
  !    !  ["*-& . 
" 
 "#
 /**& . 
à      ###)
p
p
^pp
 p&p
  p
p
›p :"p(p%p p!pp*pp p: !ppp p
Rp ) p
›p p pp(p( p p"! p p( p
›p Lp(
pp: !ppp!*p( !? p
›p : p p p !'pp !ppp p(
pp p(p p
!pp* p
p
p
×pp% pp  p
p
Lp! p+!p+p p(-p pp+!p)pp  p
!ppp 
p p(p*p p ! p!ppp
c 
 


 
Laboratorio de Química General Ip
drabajo Práctico Nº 9p

p
!p !  p p "!p p p *p p p
pp p! p p
p
p
$p   p
p
›p "!pp p1 ! pp"p p: ! p
›p . 
p p L*p p p (p +p (p p p  %p
p p pp%"p*p p pp: ! p
›p  ! p pp p,( p
p
p'  (
 )p
p
›p (8DD  " D !S7F  p
›p 9.3'p:L p=<!ppL!)> p1 pp p3p1% p
;#, p< p566Bp
›p :M;03p:3N p=L!)'p3p1%> p1 p;NJp p3p
1% p;#, p< p566 p
p