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Derivative Review Derivatives Review Worksheet: 1-10

I. Derivative Formulas
d
A. c
dx
d
B. kx
dx
C.
d
dx

xn

D.
d
dx

( f ( x)) n
d
E. f ( x) g ( x)
dx
d f ( x)
F.
dx g ( x)

Find the derivative of each function.


2x 3 1 2
1. f x x 3 3x 2 2. f x 3. f x
x2 3x 2

4. f x 1 x 3 5. f x x 2 x 1
5

3x 2 4 5 x4 x2
6. f x 7. f x 8. f x
x2 5 2x 2
1 3
x

Derivative Review of Trig Functions Derivative Review for Trig Worksheet: 1-10
I. Derivative Formulas for Trig. II. Pythagorean Identities
d
A. sin u A. sin 2 x cos 2 x 1
dx
d
B. cos u B. tan 2 x 1 sec 2 x
dx
d
C. tan u C. cot 2 x 1 csc 2 x
dx
d
D. cot u
dx
d
E. sec u
dx
d
F. csc u
dx

Find the derivative of each function.


1. y tan 5 x 2 2. f ( x) sin 4 5 x 3 3. f ( x) cot x cos x 2

sin x x sin 2 x
4. y 5. h( x) x 3 tan 4 x 6. y
x2 2 4

Complete each statement.


7. cos 2 x 1 8. sec 2 x 1 9. cot 2 x csc 2 x

Name____________________________ Calculus Derivative Review for Trig Worksheet

Find the derivative of each function.


1. y cot 8 x 3
x csc 5 x
2. y 3. g ( x) sec x sin x 2
4 3

tan x sin x
4. y 5. f x
x4 1 cos x

6. p( x) x 2 cot 2 x 7. f ( x ) cos 3 4 x 2

Complete each statement.


8. 1 sin 2 x ________ 9. csc 2 x 1 ________ 10. tan 2 x sec 2 x _____

4-1 Antiderivateves and Indefinite Integration page 249: 9-19 odd

I. Antiderivative the answer to an indefinite integral.


II. Indefinite Integration (Antidifferentiation)
dy
If f (x)
dx

then

and

III. Basic Integration Formulas


A) 0dx
B) kdx
x dx
n
C)
D) kf ( x) dx
E) f x g x dx

Evaluate each indefinite integral.


1
x 5x
8
1. dx 2. 5
x dx 3. 2
dx

1 1
5x dx 5 dx 8 x
3 x 4 dx
2
4. 2 3
6.
x x

4-1 Continued p. 249: 5, 7, 21-33 odd

Evaluate each indefinite integral.


1 2
u du x 2
2
1. 5 2. dx
u3

x3 8 x3 x2 5
3. x2
dx 4. 3
x
dx

5. Find the general solution of the differential equation.


2
dy
5x 3
dx

4-1 Integration with Trig Functions p. 249: 35-41 odd, 49-61 odd

I. Trig Integration Formulas II. Reciprocal Identites III. Pythagorean Identities


1
A. cos xdx A.
sin x
A.
sin 2 x cos 2 x 1
1
B. sin xdx B.
cos x
B.
tan 2 x 1 sec 2 x
1
sec xdx
2
C. C. C.
tan x
cot 2 x 1 csc 2 x
1
csc xdx
2
D. D.
cot x
1
E. sec x tan xdx E.
sec x

1
F. csc x cot xdx F.
csc x

Evaluate each trig integral.


cos x
1. (sin x 2 cos x)dx 2. 1 cos 2
x
dx

8
3. sec x dx 4. 5 5 csc x cot x dx

5. Find the equation for y, given the derivative and the indicated point on the curve.
dy
12 x 2 24 x 1; 1,2
dx

6. Solve the differential equation.


f ( x) 20 x 3 10, f 1 1, f 1 5

7. A ball is thrown vertically upward from ground level with an initial velocity of 20 ft / sec .
How high will the ball go?

4-2 Sigma Notation p. 261: 1-21 odd, 31-33 odd, 39


I. Sigma Notation
n

x
i 1
i

i
xi
1
n

II. Summation Formulas


n
A. c
i 1
n
B. i
i 1
n
C. i
i 1
2

n
D. i
i 1
3

n
E. cx
i 1
i
n
F. x
i 1
i yi

1. Find the sum of p p 1 .


p 1

2. Express the sum in sigma notation.


31 3 2 3 3 3 8
...
11 11 11 11

3. Use the properties of sigma notation and summation formulas to evaluate the sum.
20

k
k 1
2

4. Find a formula for the sum of n terms. Use the formula to find the limit as n .

1
lim i 1
n
i 1 n2

4-2 Area p. 262: 27, 29, 47, 49, 63


I. Area of a Plane Region Under a Curve
A. Left Endpoints of n rectangles for:
y x 2 with 4 subintervals on 0,1

B. Right Endpoints of n rectangles for:


y x 2 with 4 subintervals on 0,1

C. Midpoints of n rectangles for:


y x 2 with 4 subintervals on 0,1

II. Area of a Region in a Plane


Let f be a continuous and nonnegative on [a,b]. Then the area of the region bounded by the graph of f x ,
The x-axis and the vertical lines x a and x b is:
A

1. Use the limit process to find the area under the curve of y x 2 on [0,1].

2. The speed of a runner was detected at half-second intervals for the first three seconds and recorded in the
given chart. Approximate the distance she traveled during the first three seconds by using midpoints
of three subintervals.
t s 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0
v ft / s 0 6.2 10.8 14.9 18.1 19.4 20.0

4-3 Riemann Sums and definite Integrals p. 273: 13-43 odd


I. Definition of a Riemann Sum
n

f x x
i 1
i i

II. Definition of a Definite Integral


The area under the curve of y f x on a, b where f x is positive on a, b is:

A lim f xi xi
x
i 1

III. Properties of the Definite Integral.


x a , then a f x dx
a
A. If f is defined at
B. If f is integrable on a, b , then a f x dx
b

f x dx f x dx
c b
C. a c

kf x dx
b
D. a

f x g x dx
b
E. a

1. Express the area of the region as a definite integral.

Sketch the region whose area is given by the definite integral. Then use a geometric formula to evaluate the
integral.
4 5 2
2. 1
5dx 3.
0
x 2 dx 4.
0
4 x 2 dx

f x dx 6 f x 13 , find:
4 9
Given 0
and 4

f x dx 3 f x dx f x dx f x dx
4 4 4 9
5. 4
6. 0
7.
9
8.
0

4-6 Numerical Integration p. 305: 1, 9, 11, 15, 40

I. The Trapezoid Rule


ba
For y f x on x a to x b with n trapezoids and h x :
n

1. Use the trapezoidal rule to approximate the value of the definite integral for the indicated value of n.
5
1
x 2 1dx ; n = 4

2. Use the trapezoid rule to extimate the number of square meters of land of a lot where x and y are measured
in meters.

x y
0 75
10 81
20 84
30 76
40 67

4-2, 4-3, and 4-6 Definite Integral Approximation Worksheet 1-5 all

f x dx
6
1. Use a) right endpoints, b) left endpoints, c) midpoints and d) the trapezoid rule to estimate
0
by using 3 subintervals.

x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
f(x) 12 8 6 3 1 -2 -4

4-1 Revisited 4-1 Worksheet 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 15, 19, 21, 27, 29, 31, 33

Evaluate each indefinite integral.


1
4x
8 x 1 dx u3 5 du
2
1. 2. 2 3.
2u
3x 1 2
x6
dx

1 csc w cos w
4. 4 sec x dx 5. sin w
dw 6.
csc x
sin x dx
4-4 The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus p. 284: 5-31 odd, omit 25, 75-85 odd

I. The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus


If f is continuous on [a,b] and F is an antiderivative of f on [a,b], then
b
a
f ( x ) dx

II. The Second Fundamental Theorem of Calculus


If f is continuous on an open interval I containing a, then, for every x in the interval:
d x
dx a
f (t )dt

Evaluate each definite integral.


2 5
x 2 dx

6
1. 4 x 3 dx 2. 3. 2 cos xdx
1 0 0

4. a. Integrate to find F as a function of x.


b. Demonstrate the Second Fundamental Theorem of Calculus by differentiating the result in part a.
t 5 dt
x
F ( x) 2
0

5. Find F x by using the second FTC.


F x t 3t 2 dt
x
4
1
4-4 Continued p. 284: 35-43 odd, 46, 48, 49, 51,

I. The Mean Value Theorem for Integrals


If f is continuous on the closed interval [a,b], then there exists a number c in the interval [a,b] such that
b
a
f ( x) dx

II. Average Value of a Function on an Interval


If f is integrable on the closed interval [a,b], then the average value of f on the interval is
f c

Find the area of the region bounded by


1. y 3x 2 1 , x 0, x 2, and y 0 2. y x 3 5 x , x 4 , y 0

3. Find the value of c guaranteed by the Mean Value Theorem for Integrals for the function over the indicated
interval.
f x 3x 2 ; [1,4]

4. Find the average value of the function over the interval and all values of x in the interval for which the
function equals the average value.
f x 9 x 2 ; [-3,3]
4-5 Integration by Substitution p. 297: 7-33 odd

I. Integration of a Composite Function


Let F be the antiderivative of f
f x f x dx
n

II. Tips for u-Substitution


A. Let u be the base of a power
B. Let u be the radicand

Evaluate each indefinite integral.


x2
1. 5 x 1 5 dx x x
6 5
2. 2
1 dx 3. dx
2 x3

3x 1
4. 7 x 3 2 x 4 dx 5. 3x 2
2x 1 2
dx

x 5 2x 4
x
2
6. 2
3 dx 7. dx
x

4-5 Continued-Trig Functions p. 297: 41-53 odd


I. Integration of Composite Trig Functions
sin f x f x dx

II. Tips for u-Substitution of Trig Functions


A. Let u be the angle
B. Let u be the trig function raised to a power
C. Rewrite by using a Pythagorean Identity

Evaluate each indefinite integral


1. sin 4 xdx e sec ex tan ex dx cos
4
2. 3. x sin xdx

sec 2 x
4. tan
2
dx 5. xdx
tan 3 x

4-5 continued p. 297: 35, 37, 55, 57, 59, 65-75 odd
Evaluate the indefinite integral
1. x 3 x 1dx

2. Solve the differential equation.


dy
5 x 3x 4 x 2
dx

3. Evaluate the definite integral.


4 x
0
x 9
2
dx

4. Find the area of the shaded region.


4
1
5 x dx