Anda di halaman 1dari 416

My

Korean
2
Second Edition

Young A Cho
In Jung Cho
Douglas Ling
To our parents

This book and its accompanying audio files are licensed under a Creative
Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.5 Australia License.

To view a copy of this license, visit


http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/au/.

This book and its accompanying audio files are available online at
http://talkingtokoreans.com/

Final draft: August 2009


First edition, May 2010
Second edition, June 2014
CONTENTS

PREFACE (THE FIRST EDITION) vi


PREFACE (THE SECOND EDITION) x
TO THE TEACHER AND THE LEARNER xi
ABOUT SYMBOLS USED IN THIS BOOK xiv

UNIT 11 ? 1

Asking and giving the reason for actions


Talking about past travel, leisure and holiday activities
Situation Dialogue 1 3
Cause and Result +(/) so (that) 5

Vocabulary: Describing Things 9


Vocabulary: Counting Days 9
Situation Dialogue 2 13
Situation Dialogue 3 21

UNIT 12 ? 29

Requesting and offering services


Situation Dialogue 1 31
Offering: +(/) ? Shall I do (for you)? 33

Requesting: +(/) please do (for me). 36

Situation Dialogue 2 43
Situation Dialogue 3 51

UNIT 13 ? 63

Talking about planned activities


Situation Dialogue 1 65
Planned Activity in the Future: +{/} be going 67
to

i
Situation Dialogue 2 73
Purpose for Going Somewhere: +{} go 75
somewhere in order to
Situation Dialogue 3 79
Vocabulary: Sports 82

UNIT 14 ? 91

Giving a reason or cause


Talking about illness and health
Giving advice
Situation Dialogue 1 93
Reason or Cause: +{} since; because 95

Situation Dialogue 2 101


Vocabulary: Parts of the Human Body 103
Change in an Action or State: 106
+ while; while doing; and then
Situation Dialogue 3 111
Negative Commands: + Please, dont 114

Frequency: three times per day 119

Vocabulary: Length of Time 120

UNIT 15 ? 129

Talking about whether something might happen


Arranging events
Situation Dialogue 1 131
Sequence 1: +(/) and then; and 132

Sequence 2: +(/) (did), and then 136

Situation Dialogue 2 139


Conditional if: +{} if , (then) 141

ii
Situation Dialogue 3 147
Compulsion: +(/) have to ; must 150

Instant Decision: +{/} I will ; Well 154

UNIT 16 ? 163

Talking about locations


Situation Dialogue 1 165
Location: + is/are at ... 166

Situation Dialogue 2 173


Vocabulary: Positions 176
Situation Dialogue 3 185
Vocabulary: House 186
Housing in Korea 187

UNIT 17 6 199

Talking about travel


Situation Dialogue 1 201
Vocabulary: Transportation 204
Public Transportation in Seoul 206
Situation Dialogue 2 209
Travel Time: ? How long does it take? 211

Taking transport: +{/} / take 214

Situation Dialogue 3 219


Transferring to Another Mode of Transport: 222
+{} transfer to

UNIT 18 239

Describing and comparing things


Making contrasting statements
Talking about the weather

iii
Situation Dialogue 1 241
Comparing: A + () (more) than A 244

Situation Dialogue 2 255


Contrasting: + but 258

Situation Dialogue 3 263


Vocabulary: Four Seasons 265

Vocabulary: Weather 265

UNIT 19 ? 275

Confirming what you already know


Describing people, animals and things (1)
Being polite (Soft sentence endings)
Making a suggestion to try something
Situation Dialogue 1 278
Confirming: + , isnt it?; , doesnt it? 280

Vocabulary: Animals and Insects 284


Situation Dialogue 2 289
Vocabulary: Describing People (1) 291
Describing with Modifying Adjective Endings: +{/} 294

Vocabulary: Describing People (2) 298


(with Modifying Adjective Endings)
Situation Dialogue 3 305
Soft Sentence Endings: +{/} 308

Making a Suggestion: +(/) Try ...ing 314

UNIT 20 ? 323

Describing people, animals and things (2)


Situation Dialogue 1 325
Vocabulary: Colour Terms 328

iv
Situation Dialogue 2 337
Describing with Modifying Verb Endings 340
o Past tense: Verb Stem +{/}
o Present tense: Verb Stem +
o Future tense: Verb Stem +{/}
Situation Dialogue 3 349

TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 357


Korean Editing Symbols and Handwriting Sheet

v
Preface (the first edtion)

This textbook is the second volume of My Korean, whose story of a long


development is already detailed in the preface of the first volume. We will,
however, repeat its development story again here because it tells about our
approach underlying the making of this book. If you have already read the
preface in the first volume, you may skip this one.
This textbook began its life as a personal collection of language
activities which complemented the textbook Learning Korean: New
Directions 1, (Pilot Edition 1) used in some Australian universities including
Monash University where we started teaching Korean in 1992. In 1995, this
meagre collection grew into a textbook of its own entitled Lets Speak Korean.
The following year the book went through a major change when Douglas
Ling, a former student of ours and a lecturer in Film Studies at RMIT
University (as a matter of fact, he is happily retired now), started helping us to
rephrase the grammar explanations to be more suitable for Australian learners.
The book title also changed to Talking to Koreans and we started to build a
Korean language learning web site based on the book and kept all the
materials on the site open to the public.
This open access policy was part of our efforts to promote Korean
language in Australia as well as around the world and to help other Korean
language educators who strove to provide a better learning environment
because of a dearth of Korean language learning materials. During the
following years, we kept modifying the book based on students feedback and
needs, added more learning materials to the web, as well as making another
title change into the current My Korean in 1998. However, in late 2006, we
lost a significant amount of our on-line materials when our university
introduced a new university-wide content management system. Only the
small amount but most important materials, have been migrated into the new

vi
system with generous assistance from the Faculty of Arts. This situation was
somewhat disastrous, however, it gave us a chance to rethink not only the
whole project but also about our approach to teaching, resulting in another
major rewrite for the book.
We have changed all the situation dialogues to make them more
authentic. In particular, we have broken away from the conventional method
of using mainly polite styles of speech throughout the entire book, because
this method tends to create highly unauthentic situations. For example, this
method created a very unlikely situation where two close friends used the
polite style of speech to each other. Therefore, we have used different styles
of speech which are appropriate to each situation, resulting in the use of close
friend style of speech in most cases. This style of speech is also more
appropriate for our students because they can immediately use it when they
talk to one another or when they talk to their Korean friends.
Another major change is the use of comics for every situation
dialogue to provide more extra-linguistic cues. When we communicate, we
use all kind of extra-linguistic cues available to make sense out of each
others speech. However, text-only dialogues lack these extra-linguistic cues
and make a students job of making sense out of an already foreign language a
lot harder. In order to solve this problem, we have used comics alongside the
recording of each situation dialogue, turning the dialogue multimodal and as
close as to that of a real situation. This multimodal dialogue allows learners
make meaning by using a crucial combination of words, graphics and sound.
Now, we should like to thank all those who have contributed in
different ways to this book:

To the Korea Foundation for the 2008 grant which made it possible to
include the comics for the situation dialogues and gave us the last push
into finishing this book;
To Ju Han Lee from Yeundoo Studio in Korea (http://yeundoo.com) for
the front cover design and the comics for the situation dialogues;

vii
To Hye-Jung Kim for most of the illustrations other than the situation
dialogue comics;
To Joel Atkinson, Erin Fitzgerald, Stephen Gartlan and Vicky Ryan for
formatting and editing;
To Youngsam Moon for providing invaluable information about
contemporary Korean expressions used by young people and for various
administrative works including organising a recording party and taking
part in it himself;
To Jihee Jung, Youngsun Hwang, Seongin Choi, Moon Chung and
Seonghwan Ahn for volunteering to do the recording;
To all the past and current students for their valuable feedback and
insights which they have let us gain through the collaborative exploration
of learning the language;
To Jung Sim Kim, Korean studies subject librarian at Monash University
for her hard work in building up the great Korean collection which was
invaluable in writing this book;
To our colleagues at the School of Languages, Cultures and Linguistics at
Monash University, in particular, Robert Irving, Bruce Jacobs, Helen
Marriott, Gloria Davies and Alison Tokita for their support and
encouragement;
And last but not least to our good friends, Lendriani and Nigel Thursfield,
Vicky and William Quek, Janet and Jim Murray, and Douglas and Helena
Ling for their love and support.

Following our open access policy, this book and its accompanying
audio files are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-
Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.5 Australia License in the hope that this book
will make a small contribution to the development of Korean language
education throughout the world. As one of Less Commonly Taught
Languages, Korean still suffers from a dearth of learning materials. Korean
teachers often have to design their courses and develop learning materials that

viii
suit their students on top of their normal teaching duties, let alone their fight
to keep the Korean program alive. We have met many marvelous teachers
over the years and they have been our inspiration. We hope this book will
help those teachers in their efforts of creating a better learning environment
for their students.

To all, many thanks again for your assistance and encouragement.

Melbourne Young-A Cho


24 June, 2009 In-Jung Cho

ix
Preface (the second edtion)

Since the first edition of this textbook was released four years ago, in 2010,
we have come to gain more insight into the teaching and learning of the
Korean language. This would not have been possible without the constructive
comments and feedback provided by our students over the years. We are also
thankful to our teaching staff, Danbee Kim and Hye-yun Bae for their
dedication to teaching and for their valuable feedback. In particular, we
would like to make a special mention of Danbee Kim, who has made a
significant contribution to this second edition, by assisting with improved
grammar explanations and better English translation, amongst many other
things.

The main areas of revision are:


(1) Some grammar explanations have been revised to help increase students
understanding.
(2) English translation has been revised to make it more natural.
(3) New symbols are used to help students learn Korean grammatical items
more effectively.

We hope you find the revisions and improvements contained in this second
edition to be hepful for your teaching or learning of the Korean language.

Melbourne Young-A Cho


20 June, 2014 In-Jung Cho

x
To the teacher and the learner

This book is primarily written for a Korean language university course for
beginners with a survival level of Korean proficiency, but it may be used in
other settings including self-study. The guidelines, therefore, are focused on
teaching or learning in a university setting, but we suggest that all the users of
the book read them regardless of whether you are a teacher or a student
enrolled in a course or you are using it on your own for independent study.

Objectives
This book is a follow-up to the first volume of My Korean which introduces
learners to the Korean alphabet and some everyday situations to help them
acquire survival Korean. This book consolidates and extends the work
begun in the first volume by helping learners continue to develop their ability
to communicate in routine social situations.

Basic Approach
Our experiences of teaching Korean for more than two decades and the
results of language learning research tell us that a good foundation of
language structures is essential for learners to be successful. This book,
therefore, concentrates on giving learners a good working knowledge of the
basic structure and grammar of the Korean language with a limited number of
vocabulary items that are frequently used in everyday situations. Once they
acquire this knowledge, they can expand their vocabulary quite easily on their
own as need arises. This approach can also maximise small contact hours
(usually four to five hours a week) available in many university settings.

xi
Structure of the book
This book is organised into ten units and is basically taught one unit per week
in one semester. Each unit is composed of three situation dialogues, grammar
explanations and various tasks such as role plays, listening, writing and
reading.
Information about each unit is presented in the contents of this book.
Therefore, there is no need for further explanations here apart from Unit
Eleven, which is basically designed to refresh the learners memory of what
they have learned in the first volume although it introduces one new grammar
pattern.
There are twenty four appendices. Appendices One to Twenty Two
have verb and adjective conjugation tables. Appendix Twenty Three is the list
of basic particles and suffixes. Appendix Twenty Four is a list of basic
Korean editing symbols and a handwriting sheet which can be used for
writing practice or writing assignments.

Situation dialogues, role plays and listening tasks


As mentioned above, each unit is composed of three situation dialogues,
grammar explanations and various tasks such as role plays, listening, writing
and reading. The situation dialogues, role plays and listening tasks require
some explanation.
The situation dialogues are presented in two modes: comics and
text-only mode. Comics are used to provide extra-linguistic cues which are
normally available when we communicate. The comics and the recording of
each situation dialogue provide multimodal language input to help students
job of making meaning. There are also some differences in spellings used in
the comics and the corresponding text-only dialogue. We use the colloquial
version in the comics to show how some words are pronounced differently
from their standard spellings.
The situation dialogues are also presented in two settings: the Korean
setting and the Australian setting. The first setting involves mainly two

xii
Korean university students, Minseo Kim and Jihun Park. The second setting
revolves around three university students, Minjun Kim, Paul Smith and
Hyeonu Lee, who are studying in Australia. The presence of any of these
characters will tell you in which setting each dialogue is taking place.
The role plays are somewhat mechanical and different from those
based on communicative methods. They are to provide a more interesting
setting for the practice of speaking and listening. They can, however, be used
as a basis for the more communicative nature of role plays by encouraging the
students to be more creative and to play with the language.
Most listening tasks are from our old out-of-print listening books,
which were called Elementary Task-Centered Listening Comprehension of
Korean 1 and 2, published in 1994 and later changed to Korean Through
Active Listening 1 and 2. The listening books were always used alongside the
textbook until they became out of print in early 2008. This development has
allowed the incorporation of the listening tasks into the textbook, resulting in
the more rounded and user-friendly textbook. We have to admit that the
expressions in the listening tasks are not as natural as they should be, but they
still provide good input via listening, which is very important in language
learning. We have polished some English expressions, resulting in a few
discrepancies between the texts and the recordings.
The listening tasks do not have answer keys. It has only the transcript
at the end of the book and the learners are required to find the answers
themselves first by listening and then by reading.

Romanisation
This book has used the Korean government romanisation system.

xiii
About symbols used in this book

These symbols are designed to help you learn Korean grammatical items
more effectively. At the beginning, you may need some time to familiarise
yourself with these symbols. However, as you progress throughout this book,
you will find these symbols to be very useful for your Korean language
learning.

Symbol Meaning Example


+(a/b) This symbol is used for the adjective and +(/)
verb endings which follow the last vowel +(/)
rule. When the last vowel in a preceding +(/)
stem/word is or , the element a
should be used. Otherwise, the element b
should be used.
( ) Parentheses without a slash inside means +{/} ()
the part inside them can be omitted
without causing any significant change in
its overall meaning.
+{a/b} This symbol is used for the grammatical +{/}?
items which follow the consonant or vowel +{/}
rule. That is, when a preceding word ends
in a consonant, the first element a is used,
and when it ends in a vowel, the second
element b is used.
+{a} This symbol is also used for the +{}
grammatical items which follow the +{}
consonant or vowel rule. That is, the first
element a is used only when a preceding
word ends in a consonant.
a/b The backward slash used without +(/)
parentheses or braces means that a and /
b are interchangeable.
subscript The particles and are often +
shortened in spoken Korean to and +
+{/}
respectively and integrated with their
preceding syllables, as in +
and + . The subscripts mean
these shortened forms.

xiv
11
?

Unit Focus:
Asking and Giving the Reason for Actions
Talking about Past Travel, Leisure and
Holiday Activities

o Cause and Result

+(/) so (that)
o Vocabulary: Describing Things

o Vocabulary: Counting Days


2 UNIT 11 ?
UNIT 11 ? 3

Situation Dialogue 1
Paul and Minjun are talking about their vacations during the semester break.
: ~ . ?
: , . , ?
: . . .
: ? ?
: .
: ?
: , . .
?
: .
( )
... !

Vocabulary
long time no see school holidays

well ? [spend +?]


not too bad ? have been to ...? ;
visited?
last week [ ++] in Korea
how long [stayed +
(soft ending)]
about; around two weeks

or so [ + +]
another/any other place
[ tired mobile phone

+ so]
[ +] rings [ +] hang on
4 UNIT 11 ?

Note: You can use ... to mean about or so. Another option is to
use either ... or ....

Romanisation and Translation


Minjun : Ya~ oraenmanida. Hey, long time no see.
Banghak jal bonaesseo? How was your vacation?
Paul: Ne, geureok jeoreogyo. Not too bad.
Geunde, hyeong hanguge Hey, did you visit (Lit. go
gatdawasseoyo? and come back) Korea?
Minjun : Eo. Gatdawasseo. Yeah, I did.
Jinan jue wasseo. Came back last week.
Paul: Geuraeyo? Hangugen eolmana Yeah?
isseonneundeyo? How long did you stay there?
Minjun : Han i juil jjeum. About two weeks.
Paul: Dareun den an gasseoyo? Did you go anywhere else?
(Lit. You didnt go to another
place?)

Minjun : Eo, an gasseo. Dondo No, I didnt. (Lit. Yeah, I


eopgo jom pigonhaeseo didnt go.) I didnt have
geunyang jibe isseosseo. much money and was a bit
Geunde neon mwo haennya? tired, so I just stayed at home.
What about you? What did
you do?
Paul: Hanguk sikdangeseo I worked part-time at a
albahaesseoyo. Korean restaurant.
[Mobile phone rings]
[Haendeuponi ullinda] Umm Hang on.
Eo... jamkkanmanyo.
UNIT 11 ? 5

Cause and Result: +(/) , so


We use +(/) to express the result of situation for a statement or give an
answer to a why question.

Verb or Adjective Stem +(/)

You have learnt how to talk about what you are doing, or what you usually
do, using the present tense ending +(/). You will remember that we
created a verb by adding this ending, which carries the grammatical function,
to a verb stem carrying the basic meaning. So to create this +(/) form,
all we have to do is alter the ending that carries the grammatical function.
Instead of using the +(/) ending, simply add + or to the
stem:

+ + + (Present Tense)

+ + + (Cause & Result)

General Rules:
a) If the last vowel of the stem is or : +
+ its fine, so

+ its expensive, so

b) If the last vowel is not or : +


+ its far, so

+ its interesting, so

c) If the stem ends in : changes to


its clean, so

its warm, so
6 UNIT 11 ?

d) If the stem ends with the consonant : drop and add +


In this case, the consonant is replaced with the vowel and then you
add .
+ its close, so

+ its difficult, so

e) If the stem ends with the vowel : drop and add + or


In this case the final vowel is dropped and + or + is added,
depending on the vowel of the preceding syllable. If it is or , add
+. Otherwise, add +, including when the stem is a single syllable.

+ (someone) is sick, so

+ (someone/something) is
big, so

Examples:
(1) . That dress is expensive,
so I cant buy it.

(2) . I havent any money,


so I cant go to a restaurant.

When you use the +(/), you must use the verb or adjective stem plus
+(/) irrespective of the tense of the sentence. Thus, in (3) to say it
was expensive, so... we do not use (++) but
together with a past tense in the final verb (++). It is the
same in (4), where is used, not (++).

(3) . That dress was expensive,


so I couldnt buy it.
UNIT 11 ? 7

(4) A: ? Did you go to a restaurant


yesterday?
B: . I didnt have any money,
so I couldnt go.

(5) . He hasnt arrived yet, so we


cant go.
(Not .)

We can also split the sentence into two by using the conjunction as in
examples (6) - (8).

(6) . That dress is expensive.

. So I cant buy it.

(7) . I dont have any money.

. So I cant go to the restaurant.

(8) . He (Lit. that person) hasnt


arrived yet.
. So we cant go.

(9) A: ? Why did you drink so much?

B: . I was really upset, so I had a


few drinks.

(10) A: ? Why are you so late?

B: . . Sorry. My car broke down,


so...

(11) A: ? Why didnt you do your


homework?
8 UNIT 11 ?

B: My parents suddenly came

. over, so I couldnt do it.

(12) A: ? Why didnt you come to the


party yesterday?
B: . Some friends suddenly came
over, so....

(13) A: ? (casual) Why did you go to see a doctor


yesterday?
B: ( *). I had a headache,
so (I went see a doctor).
(*In the West, many doctors are based in small clinics but this is not
the case in Korea. Koreans routinely go to a hospital for treatment for
even minor ailments. Thus, if statement A above were translated as
Why did you go to the hospital yesterday? it would give the wrong
connotation.)

(14) . Sorry Im late.


(15) . Thanks a lot for your help.
(16) . Thank you for coming.
UNIT 11 ? 9

Vocabulary: Describing Things


close far

light heavy

high low

clean dirty

tasty not tasty

cheap expensive

easy difficult

interesting; fun boring

few; little many; much

quiet noisy

good/fine bad

cold hot

big small

tired busy

Vocabulary: Counting Days


one day 7 / seven days

two days 8 / eight days

3 / three days 9 / nine days

4 / four days 10 / ten days

5 / five days 15 / fifteen days

6 / six days

Note: Except for one day and two days, Sino Korean numbers (e.g. 3, 4 )
are used more often these days.
10 UNIT 11 ?

Task 1: Listening
(EXPONENT)
Verb stem + I'd like to -Verb- but ...

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
money school holidays

travelling very

very much price (of


commodities)
at first too

China Singapore

Japan Taiwan

1 week how many days;


several days
3 days just; simply

this (time) can't

in there; there + for

because __ is/was because __ is/was


tired expensive
() went; had gone came back

stayed did

don't have and was interesting


wanted to go but
UNIT 11 ? 11

You will hear people talking about a trip. Put a mark in the middle
column next to each country visited and write down how long he stayed there
in a right column. Ready? Listen!


country Visit or not period


12 UNIT 11 ?
UNIT 11 ? 13

Situation Dialogue 2
Paul is talking to Minjun about the Korean dinner he had with his friends.
: ?
: . ? ?
: , .
.
: ? ?
: .
: ? ? ?
: , .
: ? ?
: , .
.
: , ?
: , .

Vocabulary
these days

? [busy +?]
always

[busy + as you know; of course]


[yesterday +(topic particle)]
[rest + day +was] was a day off
? [ there how is it?]
a bit

[get sick of +(past tense)] got a bit sick of


[this time +(time particle) +(topic particle)]
14 UNIT 11 ?

Yuk-gae-jang

but

[all not able to; cannot eat +(past tense)]


was not able to eat all of it

Romanisation and Translation


Paul: Yosae bappayo? Busy these days?
Minjun : Nan eonjena bappeuji. Neon? Im always busy, as you know.
Eoje ilhaesseo? You? Did you work yesterday?
Paul: Aniyo, eojen swineun No, yesterday I had a day off,
narieosseoyo. Geuraeseo so I had dinner with friends.
jeonyeoge chingudeulhago
gachi bap meogeosseoyo.
Minjun : Geurae? Eodi gasseonneunde? Yeah? Where did you go?
(Lit. Where had you gone?)
Paul: Seoul sikdangiyo. Seoul Restaurant.

Minjun : Seoul sikdang? Geogi eottae? Seoul Restaurant? How was it?
Eumsik masisseo? (Lit. How is that place?)
Is food good?
Paul: Ne gwaenchanayo. Yeah, fine.
Minjun : Mwo meogeosseonneunde? What did you have (this time)?
Tto bulgogi? Bul-go-gi again?
Paul: Aniyo, neomu jaju meogeoseo No, Ive had it too often,
jom jillyeosseoyo. so Im sick of it. (Lit.: Ive
Ibeonen yukgaejangiyo. gotten sick of it.)
This time I had Yuk-gae-jang.
Minjun : Mwo, yukgaejang? What? Yuk-gae-jang?
Paul: Ne, geunde jom maewoseo Yeah, but it was a bit spicy for
da mot meogeosseoyo. me, so I couldnt finish it (Lit.
couldnt eat it all).
UNIT 11 ? 15

Task 2: Complete the Sentences


Complete the following excuses with an appropriate expression. The first
one is done for you.

1. .

2. .

3. .

4. (closed) .

5. .

6. (snow) .

7. .

8. (mood) .

9. (break down) .

10. .
16 UNIT 11 ?

Task 3: Roleplay
A: You went to a department store with your friend yesterday. Your friend
seemed to be interested in the items below. But you are not sure what
your friend bought as you had to leave for another appointment. Ask
them if they bought each of the items. If not, find out why. Write the
reasons beneath the items.
B: Your friend wants to know if you bought the items below. You decided
not to buy any of them. When your friend asks, tell them that you didnt
buy the item and why. You can use the following reasons to help you.

REASONS: a. b. c. d.

1. 2. 3. 4.

[ - Casual]
A: ?

B: , .

A: , ?
UNIT 11 ? 17
18 UNIT 11 ?

Task 4: Listening
(EXPONENT)
Verb stem + I was (Verb)ing

Verb or Adjective stem + (/) because (A) Verb or Adjective

A+{/} I'm A.

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
bathing food

cleaning music

basketball game; match

exam study

telephone guest

kitchen room

next week minute(s)

Hello (on the phone) now

late [adverb] after

again in the
afternoon
+ in; at + from

for a moment

sorry, but finish(es)

? (Are you) busy? wait, please

will call was doing

was making was listening

was watching will come

because (A) answered (the phone)

/ Speaking. / It's me.


UNIT 11 ? 19

A May I speak to A?(on the phone) Lit. Please change to A

A May I speak to A?(on the phone) Lit. I request A

When rang the following people, they didn't answer the phone
immediately. When they answered, they said that they could not answer the
phone earlier because they had been doing something. What was each person
doing when the phone rang? Write down the letter of the picture that
describes what each person was doing. Ready? Listen!

1.________________ 2.________________ 3.________________

4.________________ 5.________________ 6.________________


20 UNIT 11 ?
UNIT 11 ? 21

Situation Dialogue 3
Minseo is telling Jihun why she didnt go to see a movie yesterday.
: ?

: , .

: ? ?

: ?

: ?

: ... , .

Vocabulary
movie

? [fun; enjoyable; interesting +(casual past


tense ending)] was it good?
Cold

just; simply

too

[head +(subject particle) ache+(casual


past tense ending)] I had a headache
[cold catch+(past tense modifier)+ ?
? could it be the case that?]
Lit. Could it be the case that youve caught a cold?
[deeply; soundly sleep + probably because]
probably because I slept well

Note: You may find the usage of "cold" here seems strange because it relates
to a headache. The notion of gamgi () can include other illnesses with
symptoms like a headache or fever. Korean people worry about "gamgi"
22 UNIT 11 ?

because it means you have caught something.

Romanisation and Translation


Jihun: Eoje yeonghwa jaemisseosseo? How was the movie
yesterday? (Lit. Was the
movie enjoyable yesterday?)

Minseo: Ani, eoje yeonghwa mot bwasseo. Oh, I couldnt go.


(Lit. No, I couldnt see the
movie yesterday.)

Jihun: Wae? Museun il isseosseo? Why? What happened?


(Lit. Did something
happen?)
Minseo: Museun ireun? Nothing. (Lit. What
Geunyang meoriga neomu apasseo. occurrence?) I just had a
really bad headache, so...

Jihun: Gamgi geollin geo aniya? Maybe youve got a cold?


(Lit. Could it be the case that
youve caught a cold?)

Minseo: Geulsse... Geunde, Well Anyway, I feel better


eoje jameul puk jaseo geureonji now after sleeping well last
jigeumeun gwaenchana. night (Lit. Probably because
I slept well last night, I feel
alright now).
UNIT 11 ? 23

Task 5: Roleplay
A: Your friend was meant to be going to see a movie, but didnt do after all.
Find out the reason why. Write down their name below the appropriate
reason.
B: You were supposed to be going to see a movie, but you didnt because
something unexpected happened. When your friend asks about the
movie, tell them that you didnt do and why. You can use the following
reasons to help you.

1. 2. 3. 4.

[ - Casual]
A: ?

B: . / .

A: ?

B: .
24 UNIT 11 ?

Task 6: Reading Comprehension


Andrew is writing an email to his Korean teacher in Australia about his
current travel in Asia.

. .

.
3, 4 .

.
.

. .

. .

2015 6 20

Vocabulary
meanwhile; in the meantime (Lit. during that time)

? How have you been? (Lit. Have you been well?) hon.

trip
UNIT 11 ? 25

[first+(time particle)+(topic particle)] at first


[original +(emphasis)] originally; actually
Thailand

[go+ intended to] was going to go


but

[tired + so] was tired so


had a good look around

kind

[go + (future)] going to go


later; in the future

photo

[send+ do for you +will] will send


it to you
Yours Sincerely

Comprehension Questions (Answer in Korean.)


1. What did Jennifer do during the semester break?

2. Where did she go?

3. How long did she stay in each country other than Korea?

4. Why didnt she go to Thailand?


26 UNIT 11 ?

Task 7: Word Check


Match these adjectives with their opposites below. The first one is done for
you.

a. h.
b. i.

c. j.

d. k.

e. l.

f. m.

g.

1. 8.

2. 9.

3. 10.

4. 11.

5. 12.

6. 13.

7.
UNIT 11 ? 27

Task 8: Complete the Dialogue


The following three lines are missing from the dialogue below. Work out
what they mean and insert them into the dialogue.

a. : (=)?

b. : ? ?

c. : ?

1. : ?

2. : , .

3. :
_________________________________________________
4. : . .

5. : ?

6. : .

7. :
__________________________________________________
8. :

9. :
__________________________________________________
10. : . .

.
28 UNIT 11 ?

Task 9: Writing
Write a short description of where you went and/or what you did during the
last semester break.
12
?

Unit Focus:
Requesting and Offering Services

o Offering

+(/) ? Shall I do (for you)?


o Requesting

+(/) . Please do (for me).


30 UNIT 12 ?
UNIT 12 ? 31

Situation Dialogue 1
Amanda is taking a taxi in Seoul.
: ?
: .
: ? ?
: .
: , .
(Approaching the destination)
: ?
: .

Vocabulary
express bus

terminal

(+) [+(direction particle) go + ] please go (to)


? is it?

Gangnam (a district in southern part of Seoul (Lit. South


of the river))
East Seoul

? [ stop + ?] shall I stop (for you)?


taxi rank

[ front+(location particle)] in front of


[ stop + ] pull over, please

Note: The Korean inter-city express bus system is cheap, fast, and
convenient. Buses between cities leave about every ten minutes, though less
frequently for smaller towns. There is an express bus terminal (
) in every town, usually near the town centre.
32 UNIT 12 ?

Romanisation and Translation


Taxi Eodi gaseyo? Where would you like to go? (Lit.
driver: Where are you going?)

Amanda: Gosokbeoseu teomineollo Express Bus Terminal, please.


ga juseyo. (Lit. Please go to the Express Bus
Terminal.)

Taxi Gangnam teomineoriyo? The Gangnam terminal or


driver: Dongseoul teomineoriyo? the East Seoul terminal?

Amanda: Gangnam teomineoriyo. The Gangnam terminal, please.

Taxi A, ne. Sure. (Lit. Ah, Yes.).


driver:

Approaching the destination

Taxi Eodiseo sewo deurilkkayo? Where would you like me to stop?


driver: (Lit. Where shall I stop for you?)

Amanda: Jeogi taeksi jeongnyuso Could you pull over by that taxi
apeseo sewo juseyo. rank over there, please.
UNIT 12 ? 33

Offering: +(/) ? Shall I do ... (for you)?


When you offer to do something, you can use:

Verb Stem + (/) ? (Casual)

Verb Stem + (/) ? (Polite)

Verb Stem + (/) ? (Honorific)

Rules:
You have previously learnt how to create a present tense verb by adding
+(/). When you are offering to do something, simply replace with
or .

+ + + (Present Tense)

+ ? + ? + ? (Casual)

+ ? + ? + ? (Polite)

+ ? + ? + ? (Honorific)

If you do not know the present tense ending +(/), refer to the following
rules:
a) If the last vowel of the verb stem is or :
+ ()? or + ?

? Ill buy it for you?

, ? Shall I give you a discount, then?

b) If the last vowel of the verb stem is not or :


+ ()? or + ?

? Ill lend you some money?


34 UNIT 12 ?

? Shall I put (it) in an envelope?

c) If the stem ends with : changes to ()? or ?

? Shall I cook (a meal) for you?

? Shall I introduce Sumi to you?

Examples:
(1) At a shop
A: ? Would you like this wrapped?
(Lit. Shall I wrap it for you?)
B: , . Yes, please (Lit. Please wrap it for
me).

(2) At a shop
A: ? How much is that?

B: . Its 10,000 won. Would you like to

? take a look at it?


(Lit. Shall I show it (to you)?)

(3) At a hairdressers
A: ? How would you like your hair cut?
(Lit. How shall I cut your hair?)
B: . Just a trim, please.

(4) At a dry cleaners


A: Id like to get this suit dry-cleaned

. (Lit. Please dry-clean this suit).

B: ? When would you like it done by?

(5) At a bank
UNIT 12 ? 35

A: Id like to exchange this for Korean

. currency.

B: ? How would you like (me to


exchange) it?

(6) At a restaurant
A: ?* Shall I bring you the menu?

B: , . Yes (bring it for me), please.

(* ? is a common expression Koreans use in everyday


situations. Although it looks quite similar to the +(/)
form, it is not an example of the same form. It is a construction that
means to bring something for someone. At this stage, you only need
to memorise it as a set expression.)

(7) A: ? Can I bring it to you?

B: , . Yeah, thanks.

(8) ? * May I help you?

(*irregular verb help + ? )

(8) A: ? Do you want me to help you with


your homework?
B: , . No, thanks.

(9) A: () Do you want me to introduce you to

? a guy?

B: . I have a boyfriend (Lit. guy; man).

(10) A: ? Can I buy you coffee?

B: , . . Nah, its okay. I already had one.


36 UNIT 12 ?

Requesting: +(/) Please do (for me)


When you accept an offer, reply with the form:

, Verb Stem +(/) (Casual)

, Verb Stem +(/) (Polite)

, Verb Stem +(/) (Honorific)

When you want to ask someone to do something for you:

Verb Stem +(/) (Casual)

Verb Stem +(/) (Polite)

Verb Stem +(/) (Honorific)

Note: Having the word here makes your request sound less abrupt, i.e.
more polite and less demanding.

Rules:
If you already know the present tense form of a verb in question, simply
replace in +(/) with or .

+ + + (Present Tense)

+ + + (Casual)

+ + + (Polite)

+ + + (Honorific)

If you do not know the present tense ending +(/), refer to the following
rules:
UNIT 12 ? 37

a) If the last vowel of the verb stem is or :


+ () or + .

MP3 . Buy me an MP3 player.

. . Its too expensive. Could you please


give me a discount.

b) If the last vowel of the verb stem is not or :


+ () or + .
. Lend me some money.

. Could you please lend me a Korean


dictionary?

c) If the verb stem ends in : changes to () or .


. Can you tell me one more time?

. Could you please speak a bit more


slowly?

Examples:
(1) At a petrol station
A: ? How full would you like it?

B: . Fill it up, please.

(2) Ordering food on the phone


A: () Could you please deliver one

. Jjangmyeon and two Jjambbong?


B: , Sure. Can I have your address and

. phone number, please?


38 UNIT 12 ?

(3) At a coffee shop


A: ? Would you like any sugar? (Lit. Shall
I put in some sugar for you?)
B: , . Yes, (Lit. put in) one teaspoon,
please.

(4) At a shop
. Could you please show me some
trousers?

(5) . Can you call me a taxi?

(6) . Could you please take a photo for us?

(7) Could you please write your address

. and telephone number here?

(8) Could you please wake me up at 7

. oclock tomorrow morning?

(9) Its too heavy for me to lift

. (Lit. so I cant lift it) by myself.

. Can you help me?

(10) . Can you do me a favour?

(11) A: , ! Hey, sis, buy me dinner! (Lit. meal)

B: ? Why should I?

A: ! Cause youre older! (Lit. Youre my


older sister, you know.)

(12) , . Excuse me, could we have the bill,


please. (Lit. Could you calculate for
us, please.)
UNIT 12 ? 39

Task 1: Roleplay
Practise this roleplay with a partner. When you have finished, swap roles.

A: You are a taxi driver in Seoul.


B: You are a tourist in Seoul. Decide which of the places below you
will go to, and then ask a taxi driver to get you there.

1. Gyeongbokgung Palace

2. Deoksugung Palace

3. Seoul Tower

4. Insa-dong (artefatcs street in the city)

5. Namdaemun Market

6. Seoul National University

7. Sinchon (Subway) Station

[ ]
Inside the taxi

A ( ): ?

B (): ______________ {} .

Approaching the destination

A ( ): ?

B (): [ ] .
40 UNIT 12 ?

Task 2: Listening
(EXPONENT)
Verb stem +(/) Please do something for me.

Verb stem +{} Do Verb, please.

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
what / color

white black

red yellow

blue violet

socks trousers

really very

then; in that case hat/cap

Come this way, please

Welcome

Show __ to me, please

A ? Do you have A?

A ? Don't you have A?

Certainly; Yes, sir/madam

Wait a minute, please.

? Do you like (it)?

I like (it)

please wrap (it)

sorry but

? How much is (it)?

? Shall I get you (one)?

Please give me _
UNIT 12 ? 41

Here it is.

A ? How about A?

what

O.K.

? What's your size?

A It's A.

? What are you looking for? (May I help you?)

You will hear a clothing shop assistant help three customers. In the order
that they appear in the dialogue, the customers are , , and .
Write down their names in the boxes of the items that they have bought.
Ready? Listen!

red violet yellow black blue white


42 UNIT 12 ?
UNIT 12 ? 43

Situation Dialogue 2
A waiter is taking orders at a restaurant.
: ?

: , 2 .

: ?

: , .

(After having the Bulgogi)


: ?

: , .

: ?

: , .

Vocabulary
? Are you ready to order?; Would you like to order?

Bulgogi (barbecued beef)

2 two servings

Naengmyeon (cold noodles)

two dishes

first

? [ + ?] Shall I bring (to you) ?

[ + ] Bring to me

all

[eat/drink (hon.) +(past tense)]


44 UNIT 12 ?

Romanisation and Translation


Waiter: Jumunhasigesseoyo? Are you ready to order?

Minseo: Ne, bulgogi 2 inbunhago Yes, well have two servings of


naengmyeon du geureut juseyo. Bulgogi and two bowls of
Naengmyeon, please (Lit.
Please give us)
Waiter: Bulgogihago naengmyeon gachi Would you like the Bulgogi and
gatda deurilkkayo? Naengmyeon brought together?
(Lit. Shall I bring the Bulgogi
and Naengmyeon together?)

Jihun: Anyo, bulgogi meonjeo No, could you please bring the
Gatda juseyo. Bulgogi first.

(After having the Bulgogi)

Waiter: Da deusyeosseoyo? Have you finished? (Lit. Did


you eat all?)
Minseo: Ne, da meogeosseoyo. Yes, we have. (Lit. we ate all.)
Waiter: Geureomyeon naengmyeon Then, shall I bring you the
jigeum gatda deurilkkayo? Naengmyeon now?

Minseo: Ne, gatda juseyo. Yes, please (bring it to us).


UNIT 12 ? 45

Task 3: Roleplay
Practise this roleplay with a partner. When you have finished, swap roles.

A: You are a waiter at a Korean restaurant.


B & C: You are friends, having dinner together at a Korean restaurant.
Order from the menu below.

- -

Bulgogi (barbecued beef) (shaved ice dessert)

(broiled short ribs) (sliced rice roll in hot sauce)

(grilled fish) (instant noodles)

(grilled pork belly) (black bean noodles)

(soy bean paste stew) (Kimchi fried rice)

(Kimchi stew) (rice, meat & veggies in seaweed)

(ginseng chicken stew) (handmade hot noodle soup)

(stir-fried octopus) (stir-dried glass noodles)

(noodles in cold beef broth) (dumplings)

(cold raw fish noodles) (mixed vegetables on rice)

[ ]

: ?

: , 2 .

: ?

: , .
46 UNIT 12 ?

Task 4: Word and Grammar Check


Read the following list of the expressions for requesting or offering services.
a. h. ?
b. i. ?
c. j. ?
d. k. ?
e. l. ?
f. m. ?
g. n. ?

Write down an appropriate expression next to each of the people below. The
first one is done for you.
.

1. (waiter) ?

2. (hairdresser)

3. (barber)

4. (dry cleaners)

5. (banker)

6. (petrol pumper)

7. (restaurant customer)

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

UNIT 12 ? 47

Vocabulary
[exchange + ]

[ what value+in] Used when you are


exchanging money to say what denomination of
notes or coins you would like to receive your money
in. It can also be used for goods such as phone cards.

? [give+?shall I] Shall I give?

head; hair

[cut + ]

how

? [cut + ?]

[perm ]

? [perm ?]

[iron + ]

? [shave ?]

full

[fill up or put in + ]

? [fill up or put in + ?]

[ dry-clean
]

[ dry-clean
? ?]
48 UNIT 12 ?

Task 5: Listening
(EXPONENT)
Verb stem+(/) ? Do you want me to __ (for you)?
May I __ (for you)?
Verb stem +(/) Please do __ (for me).

A . Please give (me) A.

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
worth

sugar

one spoon (of)

full

and

ten thousand

thousand

two bank notes [sheets]

please give me (A)

? Would you like me to give you (A)?

please cut (A)

? Would you like me to cut (A)?

please perm (A)

? Would you like me to perm (A)?

please iron (A)

? Would you like me to shave (A)?

please fill (A) up or put (A) in (B)

? Would you like me to fill (A) up or put


(A) in (B)?
UNIT 12 ? 49

? Would you like me to dry-clean (A)?

+ in (particle specifying unit of currency)

You will hear customers saying what they need done. For each question,
circle the letter of any pictures that describe what the customer wants. Ready?
Listen!

1. 2.

3. 4.

5. 6.
50 UNIT 12 ?
UNIT 12 ? 51

Situation Dialogue 3
Amanda is asking Minseo about her well-being.
: ?1
: , . ?
.
: . .
: ?
: ? ...
?
: . .

Vocabulary
? [sick +(casual present tense ending)] Are you sick?
there

window

? [shut; close + ? could you ?] Could you shut?


[cold + ] (I say that) because its cold
[a cold + medicine] cold medicine
? [ bring and buy for someone +?shall I?]
Do you want me to get for you? (Lit. Shall I buy and
bring for you?)

Note 1: Wh- question words (who, where, when, what) can also be used to
mean some- (someone, somewhere, sometime, something) in Korean.
There is no difference when writing; however, if the spoken stress is on the
question word, then it is a wh- question, and if the stress is on the verb, it is
a some- question.
52 UNIT 12 ?

Examples:
(1a) ? Are you sick/sore? (Lit. Does it hurt somewhere?)
(1b) ? Where does it hurt?

(2a) ? Are you eating something?


(2b) ? What are you eating?

(3a) ? Has someone come?


(3b) ? Who came?

Romanisation and Translation


Amanda: Eodi apa? Are you unwell? (Lit. Are you
sick somewhere?)

Minseo: Eo, meoriga. Yeah. Ive got a headache.


Geogi changmun jom dada (Lit. Yeah, the head.) Could
jullae? you shut that window there for
Chuwoseo geurae. me? Its a bit cold (thats why).

Amanda: Geurae. Arasseo. Yeah, okay.

Minseo: Geunde gamgiyak jom isseo? By the way, have you got any
cold medicine?

Amanda: Gamgiyak? Eomneunde..... Cold medicine? I havent got


Naega sada julkka? any. Want me to go and get
some for you?
Minseo: Aniya. Gwaenchana. Nah. Its alright.
UNIT 12 ? 53

Task 6: Roleplay .
A: You are having a party at your place tonight and there is a lot of
housework to do. Ask your flatmate for help with doing the chores
below.
B: First, decide which of the chores below you would be happy to do,
and which ones you would not. If your flatmate asks you to do a
chore that you are happy to do, then you can offer to help (See
example dialogue 1).
But if you are asked to do a chore that you would not want to do,
respond with an appropriate excuse (See example dialogue 2).

1. 2. 3.

- - -

4. 5. 6.

- - -

[ 1] [ 2]
A: . A: .
B: . ? B: . ?
A: . A: .
B: , . B: (allergy) .
A: . A: , .
54 UNIT 12 ?

Task 7: Listening
(EXPONENT)
Verb stem + (/) ? Could you (do it) for me, please?

, . Yes, okay.

, . Sorry, I'm a bit busy at the


moment.
. I can't at the moment.

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
door coffee

cleaning photo

window telephone

letter washing

umbrella room

post office guest

dishwashing evening

lawn money

too cold

busy no

? Why I will

1 a little bit 2 please

soon + in; at; to

now I see; okay

sorry but my (humble)

Here it is. ? Are you going?

There is a call for you.. will come

is/am/are doing I will bring (it)


UNIT 12 ? 55

? Could you open (A)?

? Could you make (A)?

Could you do (A)?

? Could you close (A)?

? Could you post (A)?

? Could you mow (A)?

? Could you lend (me A)?

? Could you hang out (A)?

? Could you answer (the phone)?

? Could you hang out (A)?


56 UNIT 12 ?

You will hear people asking others to do something for them. Write down
the letter of the picture which best describes what you hear. Listen to each
response and in the brackets mark O when a response is positive and X
when it is negative. Ready? Listen!

1. ( ) 2. ( ) 3. ( ) 4. ( )

5. ( ) 6. ( ) 7. ( ) 8. ( )

9. ( ) 10. ( ) 11. ( ) 12. ( )

. . .

. . .

. . .

. . .
UNIT 12 ? 57

Task 8: Listening
(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
Korean homework

a lot time

A ? Have you got A? A+{/} . don't have A

sick a little bit

now

? Could you empty the rubbish bin, please?

You will hear a dialogue in which people are asking various favors from
others. Draw lines connecting the names of people who ask favors (in the left
column), to those of people asked favors (in the right columm), and the
pictures that describe each favor. Also write down in the parentheses next to
the people asked favors whether they say , or , ... - Just
write down or . Ready? Listen!

1. . a. ( )

2. . b. ( )

3. . c. ( )

4. . d. ( )
58 UNIT 12 ?

Task 9: Reading Comprehension


Amanda is writing an email to a Korean friend in Korea.

^^

() .

Vocabulary
? Youre well, arent you?

[look after + +so] for looking after


[he/she (casual) +(subject particle)]
always

late

[get up +so]
[worry+is] Im worried; its a worry
[sorry +but] Im sorry but
[please wake someone up + can you?]
[sorry +and]
UNIT 12 ? 59

definitely; without fail; make sure to

[play +in order to come] come and visit


good/nice place(s)

[show someone around + +Ill]


Ill take you to some good spots.

Comprehension Questions (Answer in English)


1. What does Amanda thank Yeongmi for?

2. What is Amanda worried about?

3. What does Amanda want Yeongmi to do for her younger sibling?

4. When and where does Amanda ask Yeongmi to visit?

5. What does Amanda offer to do?


60 UNIT 12 ?

Task 10: Writing


You have applied for a job as a flight attendant, and tomorrow you will have a
Korean language test. You want to prepare for some situations in which a
flight attendant is usually involved. Write a dialogue between a passenger and
a flight attendant.
UNIT 12 ? 61

Task 11: Writing


You have just checked into a hotel in Seoul and discovered that there is no
soap () or towel () in your room. Write a dialogue in which you call
the front desk. Request that the items be brought quickly so you can have a
bath. You should also ask for a room service menu and request a wake-up call
for 7 oclock tomorrow morning. (please wake me up: ).
62 UNIT 12 ?

Task 12: Roleplay


Compare your dialogue from Task 10 or 11 Writing with a partners. Create a
combined dialogue and practice it together.
13
?

Unit Focus:
Talking about Planned Activities

o Planned Activity in the Future


+{/} be going to
o Purpose for Going Somewhere
+{} go somewhere in order to
o Vocabulary: Sports
64 UNIT 13 ?
UNIT 13 ? 65

Situation Dialogue 1
Minjun is asking Hyeonu about his plans for the coming school holidays.
: ?

: .

: ? !

: .

: ?

, ? ?

: , .

: ? .

Vocabulary
school holidays

[ do + be going to] am/is/are going to do


what kind/sort of; what

plan

[ travel; trip go + be going to] Im going to go


on a trip
! Lucky you! Good for you! (often when you feel envious)

? [ go + be going to +(soft ending)] are (you)


going to go?
Sydney

[ ride; take (transport) + and go + be going to]


66 UNIT 13 ?

Im going to go by (Lit: Im going to take and go there)


? [ do + be going to +(soft ending)] are (you)
going to do?
[ yet + till+(topic particle)] yet; till now
any

Romanisation and Translation


Minjun: Ibeon banghage mwo hal What are you going to do this
geoya? vacation?
Museun gyehoek isseo? Got any plans?

Hyeonu: Chingudeulhago yeohaenggal Im going to go travelling with


geoya. some friends.

Minjun: Yeohaeng? Joketda! Travelling? Lucky you!


Eodi gal geonde? Where are you going?

Hyeonu: Sideuni. Sydney.


Minjun: Sideuni? Sydney?
Geunde, mwo tago gal geoya? How are you getting there?
Bihaenggi? (Lit. By the way, what are you
going to take and go there?) By
plane?
Hyeonu: Ani, beoseu tago gal geoya. No, Im taking the bus (Lit. Im
going to take the bus and go).
By the way, what are you going
Geunde neon mwo hal geonde? to do?
Minjun: Na? Me?
Ajikkkajin amu gyehoek I havent got any plans yet.
eopseo.
UNIT 13 ? 67

Planned Activity in the Future: +{/} be


going to
When we talk about an activity already planned for the future, we can use the
pattern:

Verb Stem +{/} (Casual)

Verb Stem +{/} (Polite)

Verb Stem +{} (Honorific)

Rules:
a) If the verb stem ends in a vowel: + or + .
. Im going to watch TV at home.

b) If it ends in a consonant (except ): + or + .


? What are you going to eat?

Examples:
(1) A: ? When are you going to go to Korea?
B: . Next year.

(2) A: What are you going to do

? this weekend? (hon.)

B: Im going to see a play

. with a friend.

(3) A: ? How are you going to get to town?


B: . Im going to catch a bus.

(4) A: ? What are you going to do this holiday?


B: I am going to work in a restaurant.

.
68 UNIT 13 ?

Task 1: Roleplay ?
Find out what your classmates are planning to do this coming school
holidays.

[ - Casual]
A: ?

?
B: .
A: ? ! ?
B: .
UNIT 13 ? 69

Task 2: Roleplay ?
Find out what your classmates are planning to do this weekend.
Reply according to the activities in the boxes allocated by your teacher.

1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6.

[ 1 - Casual]
A: [ Name ]{/}, ?

B: . ?
A: .

[ 2 Talking with someone older than you]


A: ?

B: .

[ Title: , , or ]+{/}?

A: .
70 UNIT 13 ?

Task 3: Listening
(EXPONENT)
when the class is finished

? What are you going to do?

Verb stem +{/} be going to (Verb)

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
today tomorrow

evening class

song Karaoke

library house

friend television

party book

food music

+ in; at + to

+ with when (A) is


finished
(be) going to make (be) going to study

(be) going to go (be) going to meet

(be) going to listen (be) going to sing

(be) going to watch (be) going to sleep

(be) going to read


UNIT 13 ? 71

You are going to hear dialogues describing various activities. Write down
the letter of the picture that describes what you hear. Ready? Listen!

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .
72 UNIT 13 ?
UNIT 13 ? 73

Situation Dialogue 2
Jihun and Minseo are talking about their plans for the coming weekend.
: ?

: ? ?

: .

: ? , ?

: , . ?

: ?

, .

Vocabulary
? [ what do + be going to (casual)]
what are you going to do?
[ Saturday +(time particle) +(topic
particle)] on Saturday
[ + with] with Amanda; +
[ see + go in order to + be going to
(casual)] (Im) going to go and see
The Man The Woman (name of a play)

? [ like that good at] Is A that good at (it)?


she/he (casual)

(=) but (colloquial); by the way; anyway


special
74 UNIT 13 ?

plan

[ work part-time + go in order to +


be going to (casual)] (Im) going to work part-time

Romanisation and Translation


Jihun: Ibeon jumare mwo hal geoya? What are you gonna do this
weekend?

Minseo: Ibeon jumal? This weekend?


Toyoiren amandarang yeongeuk Im gonna go and see a play with
boreo gal geoya. Amanda on Saturday.

Minseo: Jinjja? Museun yeongeuk? Really? Which play?

Jihun: Geu namja geu yeoja. The Man, The Woman.

Minseo: Geurae? Geunde, amandaga Oh yeah? But is Amandas


hangugeo geureoke jalhae? Korean that good?

Jihun: Geureom, gyae jinjja jalhae. Of course. Shes really good (at
Geunde neon mwo hal geoya? it). Anyway, what are you gonna
do?

Jihun: Na? Me?


Toyoiren teukbyeolhan gyehoek I have no particular plans for
eopgo, iryoiren albahareo Saturday, and Im gonna work
galgeoya. part-time on Sunday.
UNIT 13 ? 75

Purpose for Going Somewhere:


+{} go somewhere in order to
In Korean, when you go or come somewhere to do something, you can use:

Verb Stem +{}

Verb Stem +{}

Rules:
a) If the verb stem ends in a vowel: + .
. Im going (somewhere) to meet a friend.

b) If the verb stem ends in a consonant: + .


. Im going (somewhere) to eat Korean food.

Examples:
(1) A: ? Where are you going?

B: . To meet a friend. (casual)


(2) . Im going to the city to meet a
friend.
(3) . I am going to the library to study.
(4) . I came to Korea to learn Korean.
(5) A: ? Where has Sumi gone to?

B: . She has gone to the pharmacy


to buy some cough/cold medicine.

This construction can be used to answer the question Where are you going?
because the answer does not always require the name of the place you are
going to, but your reason for going out is a sufficient answer. In example (1),
the answer (). would satisfy the person asking the
question.
76 UNIT 13 ?

Task 4: Roleplay
Choose one of the places from the list below and an activity you can do there.
Move around the classroom asking your classmates where they are going and
what they will be doing there. Write down their names, and draw lines
connecting the place and the activity.

[ ]
A: ?

B: .

Activities Places

1. a.

2. b.

3. c.

4. d.

5. e.

6. f.

7. g.

8. h.

9. i.

10. j.

11. k.

12. l.
UNIT 13 ? 77

Task 5: Writing
Fill in the blanks with an appropriate activity. Numbers one and seven have
been done for you.

1. .

2. _______________________________________ .

3. _______________________________________ .

4. _______________________________________

5. _______________________________________ .

6. _______________________________________ .

7. .

8. _______________________________________ .

9. _______________________________________ .

10. _______________________________________ .
78 UNIT 13 ?
UNIT 13 ? 79

Situation Dialogue 3
Minseo is asking Jihun about what TV programs are on tonight.
: ?

: , .

: ? ?

: .

: ? ?

: SBS .

Vocabulary
today

Usually the word () means what, but in this context it


should be translated as any. When saying
()? do not stress the .
{[+] Noun}: interesting Noun; good Noun
means program (). Many English words are
shortened in this way, such as or for
television, for air conditioner and for
remote control.
baseball

sports game/match

which

team

+ with

[ where +(location particle)] where


80 UNIT 13 ?

Romanisation and Translation


Minseo: Oneul mwo jaemiinneun Whats on tonight?
peuro isseo? Anything interesting?

Jihun: Eo, yagu gyeonggi. Yep, theres a baseball game.

Minseo: Geurae? Oh, yeah?


Eoneu timhago eoneu tim? Which teams?

Jihun: Rotdehago samseong. Lotte versus Samsung.

Minseo: Geurae? Oh, yeah?


Myeot sie eodiseo? What time, on which channel?
(Lit: At what time? At where?)

Jihun: Yeol sie sbseseo. At 10 oclock, on SBS.


UNIT 13 ? 81
82 UNIT 13 ?

Vocabulary: Sports
boxing

netball

basketball

running

rugby

marathon

American football

volleyball

badminton

bowling

swimming

Korean wrestling

baseball

aerobics

weight lifting

judo

soccer

cricket

table tennis

Taekwondo (Korean martial art)

tennis

hockey

handball

Australian football
UNIT 13 ? 83

Task 6: Roleplay ?
Find out what your classmates are going to watch on TV this evening. Ask
what programs they will be watching, on which channel and at what time.
Write down the names of the classmates and the programs in the appropriate
boxes.

2() 7() 9() 10() SBS


7:00

7:30

8:00

8:30

9:00

9:30

10:00

10:30

11:00

11:30

[ - Casual]
A: ?
B: , .
A: ? ?
B: .
A: ? ?
B: SBS .
84 UNIT 13 ?

Task 7: Listening
(EXPONENT)
Verb stem +{/} ? Are you going to Verb?

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
what (kind of) () program
which channel

miniseries is on (the television)

? Are you going to (be) going to watch (A)


watch (A)?
when today

o'clock + at

what + in

half and
Sino-Korean numbers up to 10 Pure Korean numbers up to 13

You will hear a conversation between and . They are talking


about the TV programs that they are watching this evening. The programs are:
Our House, The Burden of Proof ( ), Cold Steel(), and The
Simpsons(). Listen carefully to which person is watching which program
on which channel and at what time. Write down the names of the programs
and who is watching in the appropriate cells. Ready. Listen!
UNIT 13 ? 85

2009 8 19 ()

2() 7() 9() 10() SBS

6:00

6:30

7:00

7:30

8:00

8:30

9:00

9:30

10:00

10:30

11:00

11:30
86 UNIT 13 ?

Task 8: Reading Comprehension


Seongchan has organised a trip to Sydney for the Korean Students
Association. The day before they are going to leave he runs into Mina at the
university. The following advertisement for the trip will help you complete
their dialogue below.

!
: 2015 7 1 - 7 5
:
: ,
:
: 200 ( )
:

Vocabulary
date

transportation

car

travel destination

the Opera House

the Blue Mountains

accommodation

halls of residence; dormitory

price

dollar ()
[ inexpensive+ modifying adjective ending]
inexpensive (Noun)
UNIT 13 ? 87

contact (person/place) where to contact

Korean Students Association

President; chairperson

Comprehension Questions (Answer in Korean)

1. What are the start and end dates of the trip?

______________ _______________.

2. What is their mode of transport?

3. What places are they going to visit?

4. Where are they going to stay?

5. How much does the trip cost? Is it expensive or cheap?

6. Who is the contact person? What is his position in the Korean Students
Association?
88 UNIT 13 ?

Task 9: Complete the Dialogue


Work out what the following three lines mean and insert them into Seongchan
and Minas dialogue.

(1) .

(2) .

(3) 7 5 .

: , . . ?

: ?

: .

: ? .
?

: 7 1 .

: ?

: . (A)___________________________________.

: ?

: 2 .
(B)____________________________________________________.

: ?

: (C)____________________________________________________.
? ?

: , 1.

Note 1: The phrase Verb+, is used when you indicate your agreement
with someone who has made a suggestion to you, but when you may not be
UNIT 13 ? 89

entirely excited about it. It is very colloquial and could be translated as,
Yeah, Im okay with that., Yeah, why not. The casual style of speech
would be, Verb+, .

Vocabulary
[ that next day +] the day after that

the Blue Mountains

[ sightseeing go + be going to]


am/is/are going to go sightseeing
halls of residence; dormitory

+ till

[ stay + be going to] am/is/are going to stay

I havent seen you for ages; Long time no see

email

[ cannot receive + (past tense ending)]


couldnt receive
[ busy + so]

couldnt check

(=) but; by the way

(day) is often used instead of the time particle + in


colloquial speech: 7 1 .
what

? [ do + be going to +?(soft ending)]


are (you) going to do?
a few days

the Opera House


90 UNIT 13 ?

[ look around + be going to] am/is/are


going to look around
? [ stay overnight + be going to] are (you)
going to stay overnight?
14
?

Unit Focus:
Giving a Reason or Cause
Talking about Illness and Health
Giving Advice

o Reason or Cause
+{} since; because
o Vocabulary: Parts of the Human Body
o Change in an Action or State
+ while; while doing; and then
o Negative Commands
+ Please dont
o Frequency:
three times per day
o Vocabulary: Length of Time
92 UNIT 14 ?
UNIT 14 ? 93

Situation Dialogue 1
Jihun is asking Minseo whether she wants to have a meal together.
: ?

: , .

: ?

: , . ?

: ?

: ? , .

: ?

: ...

: ? , .

VOCABULARY
(not) yet

? [+?] wanna eat?


? [ eat + go in order to +?shall we?]
Shall we go and have?
weather

[ cold + since; because] since its cold


Gaeseong (a name of a city in North Korea, famous
for cold noodles)
[ knife noodle] handmade noodle soup
? how about?

[ cheap + and] cheap and


[ tasty + since; because] since its tasty
94 UNIT 14 ?

[ there +(topic particle)] there


[ not very good + so] is not very good so
, . Yeah, Im okay with that., Yeah, why not. (This
is a casual way to respond when you generally agree
with the other persons suggestion, but you may not
be completely excited about it.)

Romanisation and Translation


Jihun: Bap meogeosseo? Have you eaten?

Minseo: Ani, ajik. No. Not yet.

Jihun: Geureom uri gachi Do you wanna eat together,


meogeullae? then?

Minseo: Geurae, geureom. Yeah, alright.


Mwo meogeureo galkka? What shall we have?

Jihun: Nalssiga chuunikka What about Kalguksu


kalguksu eottae? since the weathers cold?

Minseo: Kalguksu? Eo, joa. Kalguksu? Yeah, sounds good.

Jihun: Gaeseong kalguksuga ssago Gaeseong Kalguksu is cheap


masisseunikka geogi galkka? and tasty. Shall we go there?

Minseo: Geunde geogin seobiseuga jom But they dont have very good
byeolloyeoseo... service, so (Lit. service
Seoul gadeuneun eottae? there is not very good, so)
How about Seoul Garden?
Jihun: Seoul gadeun? Seoul Garden?
Geureoji mwo. Yeah, Im okay with that.
UNIT 14 ? 95

Reason or Cause: +{} since; because


We previously learnt how to give a reason or cause by using +(/).
However, you cannot always use +(/) in the middle of a sentence. If
you look at the examples in Unit 11, you will notice that +(/) is
always followed by a direct statement about events (usually in the past). But
often you will want to express a reason or cause and follow it with an order,
a suggestion, or a statement of what you intend to do. In these cases you
must use +{} as the mid-sentence link between the reason or cause
and the resulting order, suggestion, or statement of intention. It can be used
with verbs, adjectives and nouns.

Verb or Adjective Stem +{}

Noun +{}

1) Rules for verb or adjective stems:


a) If the verb or adjective stem ends in a vowel: +
. Since we (you) are busy,

( . ) do it quickly.

b) If the verb or adjective stem ends in a consonant (not ): +


. Since we dont have much

( . ) time, lets catch a taxi.

c) If the verb or adjective stem ends in the consonant : drop


+
. Since its cold,

( . ) I am going to have coffee.

* +
96 UNIT 14 ?

2) Rules for nouns:


d) If the noun ends in a vowel: +
. Since youre a man, you should pay.

e) If the noun ends in the consonant: +


Since tomorrow is a public holiday,

. lets go and see a movie.

Examples:
(1) Im hungry lets eat! (Lit Since

. Im/were hungry, lets eat quickly).

(2) Take an umbrella its raining (Lit.

. Since its raining, take an umbrella).

(3) Put on more clothes its cold (Lit.

. Since its cold, put on more clothes).

(4) . Its hot. Be careful (hon.).

(* +)

(5) A: ? Where shall we go for lunch?

B: Lets go to Seoul Restaurant their

*. food is cheap and tasty (Lit. Since


Seoul restaurant is cheap and the
foods good, lets go there).
* In this example, the form is used to make a suggestion. You
could also say or . is more formal than , and
is the casual form of .
UNIT 14 ? 97

Grammar: Unlike +(/), +{} or +{} must be used with


the past tense of the verb or adjective when required.

(5) . Since Sumi has arrived, lets go.

(*++)

(6) A: Since you did well in the exam,

. (*++) you should treat me to a meal.

B: . . OK, Ill buy you dinner.


(When something good happens to somebody, such as winning in the
lottery, receiving a scholarship or getting a promotion, Koreans often
shout their friends or colleagues to a meal or a night out. It is quite
acceptable to remind them with the phrase or
(more casual than ))

More on using +{} and +(/):


The following table shows which combinations can or cannot be used.

since; because then (result)


(reason)

reason +(/)
direct statement about an event
reason +{}

reason +(/)
an order
reason +{}

reason +(/)
a suggestion
reason +{}

reason +(/)
a statement of intention
reason +{}
98 UNIT 14 ?

Task 1: Roleplay .
Your class has decided to go to a movie and then to a restaurant this coming
Saturday. Go around asking your classmates which restaurant they want to
go to and why. Write down their names and reasons next to the appropriate
restaurant. When you are asked which restaurant you want to go, choose one
on the list below as well as a reason and reply to your classmates. You may
make up your own reason.

[ - casual ]
A: ?
B: .

REASONS:
a. quiet b.
c. close d.
e. f. the public
the food is cheap transport is convenient
g. h.
has a good atmosphere there are various types of food

Resturant Name of classmate & Reason



UNIT 14 ? 99

Task 2: Listening
You will hear three dialogues between two students who have bumped into
each other on campus. Listen carefully and answer the following questions.

Dialogue 1
1. Why did the male student suggest that they have gimchijjige?

2. Why did the female student suggest that they go to Eomma sikdang?

Dialogue 2
1. Why did the male student suggest that they have naengmyeon?

2. Why did the female student suggest that they go to Pyeongyang


naengmyeon jip?

Dialogue 3
1. Have they already had their lunch?

2. The female student was on her way to do something before she bumped
into the male student. What was she going to do?

3. Why did the female student suggest that they go to Eseupanya (Espaa)?
100 UNIT 14 ?
UNIT 14 ? 101

Situation Dialogue 2
Minjun has noticed that Hyeonu has hurt his foot.
: ?

: , .

: , ?

: .

: ? ?

: ,

: ?

: , .

Vocabulary
foot/feet

? What happened? (Lit. Why is it like that?)

[get injured +(casual past tense ending)] got


injured
Oh, no

? [what do+while ing] While doing what?


[play soccer+while ing]
while playing soccer
[fall down +(past tense ending)] fell down
? Oh, no! (Lit. What to do? (shortened form of
[how do +?]))
, [soon recover +will probably; should +, ]
Ah, well, it should get better soon. ( is
pronounced [])
102 UNIT 14 ?

Romanisation and Translation


Minjun: Neo bari wae geurae? What happened to your foot?

Hyeonu: Eo, jomdacheosseo. Well, I just hurt myself.


(Lit. I got injured a bit).
Minjun: Ani, mwo hadaga? Oh no, what happened?
(Lit. while doing what)?
Hyeonu: Chukguhadaga I was playing soccer and fell
neomeojeosseo. down (Lit. I fell down while
playing soccer).
Minjun: Chukgu? Mani apa? Soccer? Is it really bad? (Lit.
Hurt a lot?)
Hyeonu: Ani, gwaenchana Nah, its okay.

Minjun: Eotteokanya. Oh, no (Lit. What to do).

Hyeonu: Got natgetji mwo. Ill be alright, soon.


(Lit. It should get better
soon).
UNIT 14 ? 103

Vocabulary: Parts of the Human Body


body

head; hair hair (on head) body hair

eye(s)

ear(s)

nose

mouth lip(s) () tooth; teeth

neck; throat shoulder(s)

chest; bosom upper and middle back

stomach lower back; waist

belly button buttocks; butt; bottom

arm(s) elbow(s)

leg(s) knee(s)

hand(s) wrist(s)

finger(s) fingernail(s)

foot; feet ankle(s)

toe(s) toenail(s)
104 UNIT 14 ?

Task 3: Listening

(Exponent)
? Are you sick?

, . Yes, I'm a little bit sick.

? Which part of your body is aching?

A (body part)+{/} . A is aching. or A hurts.

(Essential Vocabulary )
mouth ear

head eye

arm hand

chest stomach

leg foot

a little bit where/what part

sick/hurt/sore +{/} subject particle


UNIT 14 ? 105

You are going to hear dialogues in which people are asking if someone is
sick or hurt and, if they are, which part of their body is aching. Listen for the
aching body parts and in each space write down the letters which correspond
to the ones that you hear. Ready? Listen!

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
106 UNIT 14 ?

Change in an Action or State:


+ while; while doing; and then
When there is a change in the action or state we can use:

Verb or Adjective Stem +

Action or State 1 Action or State 2

If we are engaged in one activity and it is interrupted by another, we use


+. There is no exact English equivalent, though in the examples given
here it can be translated as while. However, unlike the English while,
when using + the subject of the two actions must always be the
same.

Examples:
(1) . I fell over while running.

(*fall over +)

(2) . I had an accident while driving.

(*+)

(3) . We fought while playing soccer.

(*fight +)

(4) I twisted my ankle

. while dancing.

(*twist +)

(5) I hurt my finger

. while cutting vegetables.

(*cut +)
UNIT 14 ? 107

(6) I hurt my arm

. while playing basketball.

(*get injured +)

(7) The ball hit me

. while I was playing baseball.

(*get hit +)

(8) I hurt my back

. while moving a desk.

(* is pronounced .)

(9) I hurt my knee

. when I fell riding my bicycle.

(10) I hurt my back

. while mowing the lawn.

(11) I used to live in the halls of

residence, but last week moved into


a homestay near uni.
.

As in example (11), this pattern can also be used if the change of action is
deliberate not only when the first action is interrupted by the second action,
but indicating a transition from one action to another.

Grammar: Although the first action is a past event, the verb does not
include the tense: we just attach + to the verb stem. The second verb
indicates the tense of both actions.
108 UNIT 14 ?

Task 4: Vocabulary
Here is a list of words referring to parts of the body which you need to know
for this task. Write them next to their English equivalents. The first one is
done for you.

a. e. i.

b. f. j.

c. g. k.

d. h. l.

1. body 7. foot

2. arm 8. hand

3. back 9. head

4. chest 10. leg

5. ear 11. mouth

6. eye 12. stomach


UNIT 14 ? 109

Task 5: Roleplay ?
Pretend that you have gotten hurt recently. Point with your finger to the part
of your body that got hurt and tell your classmates how it happened.

HOW YOU GOT HURT:


a. . f. .
b. . g. .
c. h. .
d. i. .
e. . j. (boxing) .

Name Part of Body Hurt How

[ - Casual]
A: , ?
B: , .
A: ()?
B: .
A: ?
B: , / . or , .
A: .
110 UNIT 14 ?
UNIT 14 ? 111

Situation Dialogue 3
Minseo is feeling a bit sick, so she has gone to see a pharmacist.
: ?
: .
: ?
: .
: . .

: .
, .

Vocabulary
pharmacist

? [sick(hon.)+(honorific present tense


ending)] Are you sick? (honorific)
[sick +so +] because Im sick
fever

+{/}? What/How about?

[ have + seems that +and]


I think there is and (Lit. it seems that there is...)
[coughs +also ] I am coughing as well
[cold +] It must be a cold.
[just a moment wait +]
Just a moment, please
[a day +per] a day
three times
112 UNIT 14 ?

mealafter +(time particle)] after meals


[eat/drink(hon.)+] please take/eat (hon.)
for the time being

[ overwork; overuse ones enery +


dont +(honorific infix)+and +] dont
work too hard; dont stress out too much
[fully rest +(honorific present tense
ending)] have a good rest

Note: In Korea you will find many small pharmacies (). When
Koreans have a minor ailment, they often go and discuss it with a
pharmacist. However, you need prescriptions from a doctor for most
illnesses.

Romanisation and Translation


Pharmacist: Eodiga pyeonchaneuseyo? How can I help you?
(Lit. Where are you sick?)
Minseo: Eoje jeonyeokbuteo Ive had a headache
meoriga apaseoyo. since last night, so (Im here).

Pharmacist: Yeoreunyo? Do you have a fever (Lit.


How about a fever)?
Minseo: Yeoldo jom inneun geo gatgo I think Ive got a fever and
gichimdo jom haeyo. Im coughing a bit as well.

Pharmacist: Geureomyeon gamgineyo. Then, it must be a cold.


Jamkkanman gidariseyo. Just a moment, please.


UNIT 14 ? 113

Pharmacist: I yak harue se beon Take this medication three


sikue deuseyo. times a day after meals.
Dangbungan murihaji Take it easy for the time
masigoyo, puk swiseyo being, and have a good rest.
114 UNIT 14 ?

Negative Commands: + Please dont


When we want to tell someone not to do something, we can use:

Verb Stem + (Casual)

Verb Stem + (Polite)

Verb Stem + (Honorific)

Examples:
(1) . Stop it (Lit. Dont do it).

(2) . Dont go.

(3) ! Dont touch it!

(4) ! Dont come near me!

(5) . Dont drink too much (alcohol).

(6) . Please dont run.

(7) . Please dont smoke.

(8) . Please dont be late.

(9) . Please dont worry.

(10) . Please be quiet (Lit. Dont make a


noise).
(11) .* Dont call me anymore.

(*+ is not grammatically correct, but sometimes used in


colloquial speech.)
UNIT 14 ? 115

This negative command is often used to mean Dont do A and/but, do B


(instead) as shown below. In this case, + should be used for the
casual and polite styles of speech:

Verb Stem 1 + Verb Stem 2 +(/) (Casual)

Verb Stem 1 + Verb Stem 2 +(/) (Polite)

Verb Stem 1 + Verb Stem 2 +{} (Honorific)

(12) Dont doze off Study hard!

! (Lit. Dont doze off but


study hard)
(13) . Please be quiet and listen carefully.
116 UNIT 14 ?

Task 6: Roleplay
A: Choose your bad habits from the list below. Tell your partner about
them and seek for advices. Refer to the example dialogue.
B: Your partner has come to you for help. Refer to the example dialogue.

[ 1 - Honorific/Polite] [ 2 - Casual]
A: . A: .
B: . B: .

(Bad habits (Advice)


1. . .
(early)
2. .

3. .

4. 1.
skip breakfast
5. .
lose temper easily
6. .
cross ones legs
7. .

8.
.
Note: is pronounced []. is pronounced [].
UNIT 14 ? 117

Task 7: Listening
(Exponent)
Verb stem + {/} be going to Verb

Verb stem(1) + Don't Verb(1) but Verb(2), please.


Verb stem(2) + {}

(Essential Vocabulary )
post office intersection

Sunday school holidays

what movie what

this evening this way

() (at) home () (by) bus

() (by) train where

this time straight

first too (much)

+ at excuse me but

you mean boring

uncomfortable Thank you

have grown up please go

go and don't go but

don't see (A) but going to do

going to see going to go

? Where is it? by bus

by what transportation () (to the) left

? To the left? () (to the) right

please mow the lawn

118 UNIT 14 ?

You will hear four dialogues in which people give advice on various
matters. Put a mark X on the picture that is given a negative remark.
Ready? Listen!

1. . . 2. . .

Jurassic Park The Piano

3. . . 4. . .
UNIT 14 ? 119

Frequency: three times per day


When we want to say that we do something regularly such as I play tennis
twice a week, we first attach the time particle + to a time noun and then
use a number plus for the frequency (once, twice, etc).

once five times nine times

twice six times ten times

three times seven times eleven times

four times eight times twelve times

Examples:
(1) . Take this medicine once a day.

(2) . I play tennis twice a week.

(3) I go and see a movie with a

. friend about three times a


month.

(4) I call home around twice a

. month.

(5) . I go on a business trip


four times a year.
120 UNIT 14 ?

Vocabulary: Length of Time


We have studied how to count days in unit 11. Here we will learn more
words related to lengths of time. When there are two sets of counting, such
as for days and months, Sino-Korean numbers are used for larger lengths of
time. , and are Sino-Korean words and therefore used with
Sino-Korean numbers.

Days Pure Korean

one day / seven days

two days / eight days

/ three days / nine days

/ four days / ten days

/ five days / eleven days

/ six days / fifteen days

Weeks Sino Korean


one week () seven weeks

() two weeks () eight weeks

() three weeks () nine weeks

() four weeks () ten weeks

() five weeks () eleven weeks

() six weeks () twenty weeks

Apart from one week (), which is written as one word, the other
weeks are often referred to as 2, 3, 4, with Arabic numerals.
UNIT 14 ? 121

Months Pure Korean


one month seven months

two months eight months

three months nine months

four months ten months

five months eleven months

six months twenty month

Months Sino Korean


one month seven months

two months eight months

three months nine months

four months ten months

five months eleven months

six months twenty month

Years Sino Korean


one year seven years

two years eight years

three years nine years

four years ten years

five years eleven years

six years twenty years


122 UNIT 14 ?

Task 8: Word Check


1. Here is a list of words relating to days. Match them with their English
equivalents. The first one is done for you.
a. b. c. d. e.
f. g. h. i. j.

one day six days

two days seven days

three days eight days

four days nine days

five days ten days

2. Here is a list of words relating to frequency. Match them with their


English equivalents. The first one is done for you.
a. b. c. d. e.
f. g. h. i. j.

once six times

twice seven times

three times eight times

four times nine times

five times ten times

3. Write equivalent Korean expressions to the following:

once a day .
twice a day
three times a day
UNIT 14 ? 123

Task 9: Roleplay
A: Here is a set of personal hygiene and health related habits. Ask your
partner how often s/he does each one.
B: Answer the questions on the personal hygiene and health related habits
listed below.

HABITS FREQUENCY

1. () ? wash your face

2. () ? wash your hands

3. () ? brush your teeth

4. () ? have a shower

5. () ? have a bath

6. () ?

7. () ?

8. ?

9. ?

10.

11. () ?

12. ? smoke

13. () ? exercise

14. () ?

[ 1] [ 2 - Casual]
A: ? A: , ?
B: . B: .
124 UNIT 14 ?

Task 10: Listening


(EXPONENT)
Verb stem + (/) have to verb

Verb stem + ? You verb, don't you?

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
bread fruit

Indian tea throat

exercise cigarette

coffee alcohol

tennis meal

vitamins a lot

occasionally always

always rarely

morning/breakfast instead of

especially really/very much

very not at all/never

often a little bit

just a little bit from now on

without fail + every

every morning smoke

eat drink

I see. do

? Do you do (A)? did(honorific)

Because (I) like (it) ? Are you sick?

? Are you hungry?

? You smoke, don't you?


UNIT 14 ? 125

? You eat ___, don't you?

? How about (A)?

by the way; but

You will hear and talking about their habits. Write down their
names in the appropriate cells. Ready? Listen!

This time, you will hear and talking about their habits. Write
down their names in the appropriate cells. Ready? Listen!

126 UNIT 14 ?

Task 11: Reading Comprehension


3 4
30

1 ()

2008 6 5

Vocabulary
medicine for internal use

sir/madam

directions for use

times

(x) amount per (x number of days)

every meal

// before/during/after
30 30 minutes ( 30: 30 minutes after every meal)
taking medicine

() sachet (pill)

each time
UNIT 14 ? 127

Comprehension Questions (Answer in Korean.)

1. What is the name of the patient?

2. How often does he/she take this medicine?

3. When does he/she take this medicine?

4. How many tablets does he/she take?

5. How long does he/she take this medicine?


128 UNIT 14 ?

Task 12: Writing


You have an assignment due today but you havent been able to finish it.
You want an extension from your lecturer but he is not in his office. Write a
note explaining that you have been sick. (You think that the best way of
getting an extension is to get his sympathy by exaggerating how sick you
are.)

Task 13: Writing


We are carrying out a research project into household accidents and minor
illnesses that occur in society. Could you please assist us with data on your
household, indicating for each family member what has happened during the
last year and where relevant, how often.
15
?

Unit Focus:
Talking about Whether Something Might
Happen
Arranging Events

o Sequence 1
+(/) and then; and
o Sequence 2
+(/) (did), and then
o Conditional if
+{} if , (then)
o Compulsion
+(/) have to; must
o Instant Decision:

+{/} Ill ; Well


130 UNIT 15 ?
UNIT 15 ? 131

Situation Dialogue 1
Hyeonu and Minjun are talking about plans for this afternoon.
: ?

: .
.
?

: , ....
?

Vocabulary
[go + and] go and
exam; test

[+its because] Its because there is/I have


well

gym
exercise

+{} maybe or something

? [do+?I might] maybe doing?

Romanisation and Translation


Hyeonu: Oneul ohue mwo hal geoya? What are you doing
this afternoon?
Minjun: Doseogwan gaseo gongbuhal Im going to study Japanese at
geoya. Naeil ilboneo siheom the library, cause I have a test
itgeodeun. Neon? tomorrow. You?
Hyeonu: Nan, geulsse.... Me? Hm
Helseukeulleop gaseo Maybe working out at the
undongina halkka gym or something?
132 UNIT 15 ?

Sequence 1: +(/) and then; and


You have learnt that +(/) is used to express the reason or cause for a
statement or to give an answer to a why question (Unit 11). +(/) can
also be used to show a sequence of activities, for instance, when you go
somewhere and then you carry out an activity at that place.

Verb Stem +(/)

When using +(/) the subjects of the clauses should be the same:

a) ( ) .
subject 1 subject 1
I met a friend yesterday and (I) had a drink together (with him).

b) .
subject 1 subject 2 (WRONG!!!)
I met a friend yesterday and he had a drink (with me).

Examples:
(1) I went home and then

. watched television.

(2) Susan went to Korea

. and studied Korean history.

(3) Im going to go to the bank

. and get some money out.

(4) Every morning I go to the gym

. and work out.


UNIT 15 ? 133

(5) My younger sister went to a coffee

. shop and met her boyfriend.

(6) Could you hurry up and open the door

. for me, please (Lit. Please come


quickly and open the door).

(7) Could you go to the office

. and get me a pen, please.

(8) I want to go to graduate school

. and continue studying.

(9) Could you please wait outside? (Lit.

. Please go out and then wait.)

(10) Hurry over here and eat (Lit. Come

. quickly and then have a meal).

(11) Can you go to the library

? and return this book for me?

(12) Come over here

. and have a look at this.


134 UNIT 15 ?

Task 1: Roleplay
Choose a place and an activity from the list below and have a conversation
with your partner. Keep going until you and your partner have said all of
them.

Places

1. PC _______________________________________________.

2. ______________________________________________.

3. *(convenience store) _____________________________.

4. ___________________________________________.

5. _____________________________________________.

6. (coaching school) _________________________________.

7. (student club) __________________________________.

8. (health club) _________________________________.


(* is pronounced or .)
Activities

a. / e. /

b. / f. /

c. /
g. /
(play; enjoy oneself; hang out)

d. / h. / (learn)

[ 1] [ 2 - Casual]
A: ? A: /?
B: . B: .
[ Name ] ? ?
UNIT 15 ? 135

Task 2: Listening
You are going to hear some dialogues on future plan. Listen carefully and
write down the place next to the activity. Ready? Listen!

(VOCABULARY)
basketball

TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language)

park

eating out

Italian restaurant
department store

1. friends house

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.
136 UNIT 15 ?

Sequence 2: +(/) (did), and then


After doing something (i.e. completed action), and then subsequently doing
something else, we can use +(/).

Action 1 (completed) +(/) Action 2

In this unit, we will focus on the verb stems, (go) and (come):

go +

come +

Examples:
(1) I went to the library, and then went

. to my office.

(2) Im going to go to the bank, and then

. go to university.

(3) I went to the library, and then caught

. up with my friend.

(4) Drop by home before going to the

. swimming pool (Lit. Come home


and then go to the swimming pool).

(5) Could you please quickly drop by?

. (Lit. Please come for a short time


and then go.)
Note: When using +(/), the subject of the two actions must always
be the same. That is, you cannot say the following:
. (WRONG!)
UNIT 15 ? 137

Task 3: Roleplay
Choose two places from this list below and have a conversation with your
partner. Keep going until you and your partner have said all of them.

Places

1. PC ____________________________________________.

2. ____________________________________________.

3. *(convenience store) ___________________________.

4. __________________________________________.

5. ____________________________________________.

6. (coaching school) _______________________________.

7. (student club) ________________________________.

8. _________________________________________.

(* is pronounced or .)

[ 1 - Casual]

A: ?

B: , () . ?

[ 2 - Polite]

A: ?

B: , () . [ Name ] ?
138 UNIT 15 ?
UNIT 15 ? 139

Situation Dialogue 2
Hyeonu and Minjun are talking about their plans for tomorrow.
: ?

: . ?

: ? ! ?

: ?

: ? .

?1

: , ?

Vocabulary
[weather good +if] if the weather is good
? [ride + go (in order) to +shall we?] Shall we go
riding?
! Great! [good +(emphasizing)] pronounced ~.
? [where +toward; to] Where to?
[rain +(subject particle) come +if] if it rains
? [how do +(soft ending when asking for another
persons opinion)] What do we do?
[what +(object particle)] what
[that thing +(topic particle)] that (thing)
[that time] at that time; then
[think +lets] lets think (about)
140 UNIT 15 ?

Romanisation and Translation


Hyeonu: Uri naeil mwo halkka? What do you wanna do
tomorrow? (Lit. what shall we
do?)
Minjun: Geulsse. Nalssi joeumyeon Well, shall we go bike riding if
jajeongeo tareo galkka? the weathers good?

Hyeonu: Jajeongeo? Jochi! Bike riding? Sound great!


Geunde eodiro? But where to?

Minjun: Seinteu kilda eottae? How about St. Kilda?

Hyeonu: Seinteu kilda? Joa. St. Kilda? Sounds good.


Geunde biga omyeon But what if it rains? (Lit. But
eotteoke haji? what do we do if it rains?)

Minjun: Geulsse, mwol halkka? Well what shall we do?


Geugeon geuttae We can worry about it, then (Lit.
saenggakaja. Lets think about that at the
time).
UNIT 15 ? 141

Conditional if: +{} if , (then)


When we want to link two clauses with if, we can use:

Verb or Adjective Stem+{} Main Clause

The rules:
a) If the verb or adjective stem ends in a vowel: +
If it rains tomorrow,

. Im not going to go to the park.

b) If it ends in a consonant (not ): +


If youve got time,

. please come over to my place.

c) If it ends in consonant : drop +


. If you feel hot, please open the
windows.

Examples:
(1) If youre going to the library,

. please return this book for me.

(2) . If you are tired, have a rest.

(3) If youve got time, can we have a

. chat? (Lit. lets have a chat.)

(4) If you see Seon-young,

. can you give this to her?


142 UNIT 15 ?

(5) A: . These sneakers are too expensive.

B: . If theyre too expensive, (then)


dont buy them.

(6) A: If you dont get over here quickly,

. Im leaving!

B: . . Okay. Ill come right away.

(7) A: , . Oh, Im hungry.

B: . If youre hungry,
have some instant noodles.

(8) A: . Dont be late.

B: . All right.

A: . If youre late again this time, Ill


kill you (Lit. you die).

(9) A: ? ? Why arent you eating? (Is the


food) No good?
B: , . Its not that. Im not hungry, so...

A: . If its no good, (then) dont eat it.

(10) A: If youve got some money,

. can you buy me coffee?

B: , . Yeah, why not.

(11) A: ? What are you doing this evening

(Lit. today)? If you dont have


anything on, wanna have dinner
?
together?
B: ? . Dinner? Sounds good.

. See you later, then.


UNIT 15 ? 143

Task 4: Roleplay ?

A: The pictures below depict some possible events that will affect your
partner. Choose one and ask your partner what they will do if it happens.
Refer to the example dialogue.

B: Answer your partners questions about what you would do if the events
shown below happened to you.

1. 2. 3. 4.

[ - Polite] [ - Casual]

A: ? A: ?

B: . B: .

A: ? A: ?

B: . B: .
144 UNIT 15 ?

Task 5: Listening
(EXPONENT)
? What are you going to do?

? What are you going to do about it?

Verb or Adjective stem +{} if Verb/Adjective

Verb stem +{/} (be) going to Verb

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
money weather

test rain

travel picnic

swimming dancing

home music

television what

+ at if (A is) sick

if (A) has lots (of B) if (A is) nice/good

if (it's) hot if (it's) cold

if (A is) difficult if (A) doesnt have


(B)
if (A) comes (be) going to have a
rest
(be) going to go (be) going to do

(be) going to dance (be) going to cry

(be) going to watch (be) going to listen


to
UNIT 15 ? 145

You are going to hear some dialogues on supposition. Listen carefully and
draw lines connecting two pictures that are related. Ready? Listen!
. a.

. b.

. c.

. d.

. e.

. f.

. g.

. h.
146 UNIT 15 ?
UNIT 15 ? 147

Situation Dialogue 3
Jihun is asking Minseo if she wants to see a movie today.
: , ?
: ? .
.
.

: ? , .
: ?
.

: .
.

Vocabulary
[have +if] if you have

? [see +(in order) to not go + do you


wanna?] Dont you wanna go to see
? Oh, no (Lit. What to do?) (to show regret about a
situation)
assignment ( is the standard spelling, but
is more commonly used in colloquial speech)
[write + have to +] have to write

[finish + have to] have to finish

[due date +its because]

, [ cant do +, oh well, never mind]

? [see + ?] cant we see?

[I +(subject particle) not possible] I cant


148 UNIT 15 ?

[pick up + go to + have to]


have to go to pick up

Romanisation and Translation


Jihun: Minseoya, oneul sigan Minseo, if you are free, do you
isseumyeon gachi yeonghwa wanna go see a movie today? (Lit.
boreo an gallae? If you have time, dont you want
to go to see a movie together?)

Minseo: Eotteokaji? Repoteu sseoya Oh, no I have an assignment to


haneunde. Oneulkkaji do. I have to finish it today, cos
kkeunnaeya dwae. its due tomorrow.
Naeiri jechullarigeodeun. (Lit. Tomorrow is the due date.)

Jihun: Geurae? Geureom hal su Really? Its alright, then


eopji mwo.

Minseo: Naeil bomyeon an dwae? What about tomorrow?


Naeireun sigan inneunde. (Lit. Cant we see it tomorrow?)
Im free tomorrow.

Jihun: Naeireun naega an dwae. Tomorrow is not good for me.


Gonghange nuna pigeopareo I have to go to the airport tos pick
gaya dwae. up my sister.
UNIT 15 ? 149
150 UNIT 15 ?

Compulsion: +(/) have to ; must


When we have to do something, that is, we are forced to do something
without having any choice, we can say:

Verb Stem +(/) (Casual)

Verb Stem +(/) (Polite)

Verb Stem +{} (Honorific)

Rules:
a) If the last vowel of the verb stem is or : +
+ have to live

b) If the last vowel is not or : +


+ have to eat

c) If the verb stem ends in : changes to


- have to do

Alternatively, you can also use: Verb Stem +(/) (). The two
forms are interchangeable.

Examples:
(1) . I have to hand in my homework by
tomorrow.
(2) . Ive gained a lot of weight recently.

. So, I have to do some exercise.

(3) . I must study. I have an exam

. tomorrow.

(4) Ive got something to do at home,

. so I have to go home early.


UNIT 15 ? 151

Task 6: Complete the Sentences


Here is a list of things that you have to do. Complete the sentences by
matching each phrase with the appropriate location. The first one has been
done for you.

a. (gift) g.

b. (return) h.
c. i.
d. (exam; test) j.
e. (cut) k.
f. (sofa) l.

1. .

2. (furniture shop) __________________________________.

3. __________________________________________________.

4. (hairdressers) ___________________________________.

5. _________________________________________________.

6. (park) ___________________________________________.

7. ______________________________________________.

8. ____________________________________________.

9. ______________________________________________.

10. ______________________________________________.
152 UNIT 15 ?

Task 7: Roleplay
A: Suggest that you and your partner go to a movie together today. If s/he
does not have time, write down the reason. Refer to the example
dialogue.
B: You cannot go to the movies today because you are busy. Choose one of
the reasons below and tell your partner.

[ - Casual]
A: , ?

B: ? . .

A: ? . (Well, so be it.)

REASONS:
a. A friend is coming from Korea. So I have to go to the airport.

b. Its my fathers birthday ( ) tomorrow.


So I have to buy a present.

c. There is a Korean test tomorrow. So I have to study.

d. My mother is giving a party this evening. So I have to clean the house.

e. My mother is giving a party this evening. So I have to go shopping.

f. I have my part-time job this evening. So I have to go to work.

g. There is a World Cup soccer match on TV this evening.


So I have to watch it.
h. I have a job interview ( ) tomorrow.
So I have to get my hair cut
UNIT 15 ? 153

Reasons ()
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.
154 UNIT 15 ?

Instant Decision: +{/} Ill; Well


When we decide to do something at the time of speaking, we can use:

Verb Stem + {/} (Casual)

Verb Stem +{/} (Polite)

Note 1: We do not use +{/} to talk about something that is already


decided or planned. Usually +{/} is used instead. For instance:
A: ?
B: . . (WRONG!)
. . (okay)

Note 2: +{/} is used to express the speakers own intention only.


Therefore, the subject of sentence must always be I or we (i.e. first
person). That is, the subject cannot be you (second person) or he/she/they
(third person). See below:
(a) . Ill buy it. (okay)
(b) ? Will you buy it? (WRONG!)
(c) . Minseo will buy it. (WRONG!)

Instead of (b) above, which is grammatically incorrect, we can say:


? (Do you wanna buy it?) or ? (Are you going to buy it?).
Similarly, instead of (c) above, we can say: (Minseo is going
to buy it).

Rules:
a) If the verb stem ends in a vowel: +.
. Ill clean the room.
UNIT 15 ? 155

b) If the verb stem ends in a consonant: +.


. Ill eat it later.

Examples:
(1) A: . Jimin is not home at the moment.
B: . Ill call back later.

(2) A: ... I dont have a pencil


B: . Ill lend you one.

(3) A: . This homework is too hard.


B: ? . Really? Ill help you.

(4) A: ? Where are you gonna wait?


B: . Ill wait in front of the library

(5) A: ? Who wants to do this?


B: . Ill do it.

(6) A: . Its my treat today (Lit. Ill buy it


today).
B: ? . Really? Then next time, its my
treat (Lit. Ill buy).

(7) A: ? What time is it now?


B: 10 . 10 oclock.
A: , 10 . Oh, Ive got class at 10.

. Id better get going (Lit. Ill go


first).
B: . . Okay. See you later (Lit. Lets
see next time).
156 UNIT 15 ?

Task 8: Roleplay
Your class has decided to have a party at your teachers house to celebrate the
successful completion of the semester. You are in charge of assigning jobs to
make the party happen. Go around the classroom asking what each classmate
wants to do. Write down their names beneath their jobs. Your teacher will tell
you what job you want to do.

1. 2. 3.

- - -

4. 5. 6.

- - -

[ - Polite ] [ - Casual]

A: [ B ] ? A: ?

B: . B: .

A: [ C ] . A: [ C ]{/} .

B: . B: .
UNIT 15 ? 157

Task 9: Complete the Dialogues


Below is a list of things you will be doing. Complete the dialogues below
using the following expressions:

a. .

b. . !

c. . .

d. .

e. , .

1. A: ? ?

B: _______________________________________________________.

2. A: ?

B: . _______________________________________.

3. A: , *. ?

B: _______________________________________________________.

4. A: .
B: _______________________________________________________.

5. A: , . .

B: _______________________________________________________.

(*+: heavy)
158 UNIT 15 ?

Task 10: Reading Comprehension


Dong-jun has written an email to Seong-eun, a girl that he likes..

Vocabulary
fitness club; gym

[ go +] on my way to

greetings; saying hello

[ cannot do(past tense)] couldnt do

next week

body-building competition

exercise

have to do

[ go +] after going
UNIT 15 ? 159

by any chance; perhaps

[ time have + if] if (you) have time

sometime

[ tasty + thing] something nice to eat

[ buy + do something for someone + Ill]


Ill buy for you
again

[ contact + Ill] Ill contact (you)

Comprehension Questions (Answer in Korean.)


1. Where was Dong-jun going when he saw Seong-eun yesterday?

2. Why couldnt he say hello to Seong-eun yesterday?

3. Why has Dong-jun been going to the fitness club?

4. What has Dong-jun offered to do?


160 UNIT 15 ?

Task 11: Listening


(EXPONENT)
Verb stem + {/}? Do you want to Verb?

Verb stem + {/} I will Verb.

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
this (time)

weekend

+ to; at

what

who

rice

+ and

kimchi

? shall we do?

vegetables

Mt. Dobong

go on a picnic/to have fun

fine

? How about?

Korean B.B.Q beef

I will make and bring

? want to bring...?

I will bring

? want to prepare...?

O.K.

I will prepare
UNIT 15 ? 161

You will hear , and arranging a picnic. Write down the


corresponding letter of the picture that describes the item that each person
will bring. Ready? Listen!

1. : ________ 2. : ________ 3. : ________

. .

. .
162 UNIT 15 ?
16
?

Unit Focus:
Talking about Locations

o Location
+ is/are at ...
o Vocabulary: Positions
o Vocabulary: House
o Housing in Korea
164 UNIT 16 ?
165 UNIT 16 ?

Situation Dialogue 1
Amanda is asking a receptionist about the location of a cafe.
: , .

: ?

: ?

: ! ? 8 .

Vocabulary
excuse me cafe
what (number) floor

[ right+ to] to the right


[ go+(honorific infix)+ if] if you go
[ there is+] formal expression of

Romanisation and Translation


Amanda: Jeo, yeogiyo. Excuse me.
Receptionist: Ne? Yes?
Amanda: Yeogi kapega myeot Which floor is the caf on?
cheunge isseoyo?
Receptionist: A! Kapeyo? (Oh,) the caf?
Palcheunge itseumnida. Its on the 8th floor.
Jeogi oreunjjogeuro If you go there on your right,
gasimyeon ellibeiteo youll come to the elevator.
itseumnida.
166 UNIT 16 ?

Location: + is/are at ...


When we want to talk about where something is located, we add the particle
+ to a place word and use the verb :

Place + . (Casual)

Place + . (Polite)

Examples:
(1) A: ? Where is the shoe shop?

B: ? 1 . The shoe shop?


Its on the 1st (ground) floor.

(2) A: ? Where is Sumi now?

B: . Shes in her room.

(3) A: ? Where is the telephone?

B: . Its next to the lift.

(4) A: ? Where is the bank?

B: . Its behind the post office.

(5) A: ? Where do you live?

B: . I live near the university.

Grammar Note: The difference between + and +


The location where an activity takes place is usually followed by +
(e.g. . I am watching TV in the living room.).
In contrast, the place where someone or something is located is followed by
the particle +.
167 UNIT 16 ?

Task 1: Roleplay ?
Practice this roleplay with a partner. When you have finished, swap roles.

A: You are working at an information desk in a shopping centre. Write


down what floor the following places can be found on.

B: You want to find the following places in a shopping centre. Ask the
information desk receptionist which floor you can find each place on.

a. b. c. d. e. f.

g. h. i. j. k. l.

[ ]
A: , A: ,

B: ? B: ?

A: ? A: ?

B: ? 7 . B: (basement) 1 .
168 UNIT 16 ?

Task 2: Listening
(EXPONENT)
A(shops)+{/} ? Where is A (located)?

(A+{/}) B . (A) is in floor B.

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
cinema; theater restaurant

supermarket bank

post office coffee shop

floor counting noun where

+ in Sino-Korean numbers up to 6

You are going to hear customers asking at a shopping centre information


desk which floor the following shops are located on. Write down the letter
of the shops on the relevant floor of the building. Ready? Listen!

a. b. c. d. e. f.

2
1
169 UNIT 16 ?
170 UNIT 16 ?

Task 3: Listening
(EXPONENT)
A(things)+{/} ? Where is A (located)?

A+{/} B . A is in the shelf No. B.

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
thank you shelf

grape(s) banana

milk coke

beef cheese

tomato ketchup coffee

beer sweets

where + in

number counting noun

Sino-Korean numbers up to 12

You are going to hear some dialogue about locations. As you see in the
picture below, you do not know the location of the items that you are
looking for. Listen for each item and its location and write down the number
of the shelf that holds each item in the blank space next to it. Ready? Listen!
171 UNIT 16 ?

1 2

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Shopping List

1. 6.

2. 7.

3. 8.

4. 9.

5. 10.
172 UNIT 16 ?
173 UNIT 16 ?

Situation Dialogue 2
Hyeonu is looking for a ruler that he has misplaced.
: , ? .

: ? , .

: .

: .

: ?

: , .

: . . .

Vocabulary
? [ go+(past tense infix)+ I wonder] did it go?
definitely

[ there is+(past tense infix)+] was here


by any chance (used for politeness in requests)

ruler

desk

[ top+(place particle)] on
drawer

[ see+ try] have a look


[ upper; top drawer] top drawer.
Often misspelled and mispronounced as .
[ bottom; lower drawer] bottom drawer
Often misspelled and mispronounced as .
174 UNIT 16 ?

[ here there is+(exclamatory ending)] Oh! Here it is!


is pronounced (yeoginne).
[ find+(past tense ending)] found

Romanisation and Translation


Hyeonu: Eo, eodi gatji? Oh, where did it go?
Bunmyeonghi yeogi I'm sure it was here...
isseonneunde. Do you have a ruler by any
Neo hoksi ja isseo? chance?

Minjun: Ja? Eo, chaeksang wie. Ruler? Yeah, on my desk.

Hyeonu: Chaeksang wie eomneunde. But its not there (Lit. not on
the desk).
Minjun: Geureomyeon chaeksang Then check the drawer.
seorap hanbeon bwa bwa. (Lit. Then take a look in the
drawer.)

Hyeonu: Wi seorap? The top drawer?

Minjun: Ani, arae seorap. No, bottom drawer.

Hyeonu: A. Yeoginne. Oh, here it is!


Chajasseo. Found it.
175 UNIT 16 ?
176 UNIT 16 ?

Vocabulary: Positions
When you want to specify the position of something, you can use the
following words:

Position Word + (location particle)

in front of behind

on, above / below, under


inside, in outside

to the right of to the left of

next to near

opposite to across from

A B between A and B () where; somewhere

on this side () here

on that side () there

over on that side () over there

Examples:
(1) A: ? Is there a florist around here?

B: , . Yes, its next to the bakery.

(2) A: ? Where is a supermarket?

B: . Its in front of the pharmacy

(3) A: ? Where is a fruit shop?

B: . Its on the right of the florist.


177 UNIT 16 ?

(4) A: ? Where is the cinema?

B: . Its behind the bank.

(5) A: ? Where is a video shop?

B: . Its opposite the post office.

(6) A: ? Where is the ball-point pen?

B: . Its on the desk.

A: . Its not on the desk.

(7) A: ? Where is the restroom here?

B: . Its next to the lift over there.

(8) (on the phone)

A: ? Where are you now?

B: . (Im) in front of the library.

If you want to specify the position of any activity, you should use +,
instead of + as in examples (9) and (10).

(9) A: ? Where shall we meet?

B: . Lets meet in front of uni.

(10) I sang in front of many people.

.
178 UNIT 16 ?

Task 4: Roleplay ?
A: You are sharing a house with a friend who always uses things and then
leaves them in strange places. Find out where they have put the
following items, and write down their locations underneath.

Vocabulary: table, sofa, chair, bookcase,


floor

Write Korean location words next to the English ones.

in front of behind
on, above below, under
on the right of on the left of
next to opposite to

between A and B where

[ ] [ - Casual]

A: ? A: ?
B: . B: .
179 UNIT 16 ?

B: Your housemate wants to know where you have put the following
items. First decide where you have put them and then answer their
questions.

Write Korean location words next to the English ones.

in front of behind
on, above below, under
on the right of on the left of
next to opposite to

between A and B where

[ ] [ - Casual]

A: ? A: ?

B: . B: .
180 UNIT 16 ?

Task 5: Listening
(EXPONENT)
A(place)+{/} ? Where is A?

A(place)+{/} B(place) . A is next to B.

A(place)+{/} B(place) . A is on the right of B.

A(place)+{/} B(place) . A is on the left of B.

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
bank cinema house

information bakery

hospital coffee shop

supermarket flower shop

post office men's room

lady's room restaurant

video shop fruit shop

bookshop cosmetics shop

department store next to

on the left of on the right of


181 UNIT 16 ?

You are going to hear people asking the lady in the information desk of
the new shopping centre about the location of the following shops. Listen
carefully and write down the shop names in the appropriate places on the
floor plan. Ready? Listen!

a. b. c. d.


You are here



182 UNIT 16 ?

Task 6: Listening
(EXPONENT)
A(place)+{/} ? Where is A?
A(place)+{/} B(place) C . A is between B and C.
A(place)+{/} B(place) . A is opposite to B.

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
A B between A and B opposite to

You are going to hear more dialogue about locations. Listen carefully
and write down the shop names in the appropriate places on the floor plan.
Ready? Listen!
a. b. c. d.


You are here


183 UNIT 16 ?

Task 7: Writing
Your housemate wants to know where you have put the items below. Use
the information to answer each of the following questions.

a. book: on the sofa

b. newspaper: under the chair

c. phone: on the table

d. bag: next to sofa

e. shoes: in front of the sofa

f. umbrella: next to the bookcase

1. ? .

2. ? _______________________________.

3. ? _______________________________.

4. ? _______________________________.

5. ? _______________________________.

6. ? _______________________________.
184 UNIT 16 ?
185 UNIT 16 ?

Situation Dialogue 3
Minseo has just come back home and is looking for Sujeong.
: ?
: , .
, ?
: .
: ? ?
: .
: .

Vocabulary
where; somewhere

? [ go+()and then come+(past)] youve been?


the city

just

[ kitchen+ in] in the kitchen (pronounced .)


dont know

[ ] (I) am here ( is pronounced .)

Romanisation and Translation


Amanda: Eodi gatda wasseo? Have you been out?
Minseo: Eo, sinaee jom. Geunde, Yeah, Just to the city.
sujeongi jigeum eodi isseo? Hey, wheres Su-jeong?
Amanda: Bueoke. In the kitchen.
Minseo: Bueoke? In the kitchen?
Geogiseo mwo hae? Whats she doing there?
Amanda: Molla. Dunno.
Sujeong: Na yeogisseo. Im here.
186 UNIT 16 ?

Vocabulary: House
house

layout

single-story house

two-story house

downstairs

upstairs

room

master bedroom

bedroom

living room

bathroom

toilet; bathroom; restroom

laundry

basement

/ kitchen

dining room

store room

garage

garden

door

window

stairs
187 UNIT 16 ?

Housing in Korea
There are three main types of housing in Korea:

Apartment
In 2005, 53% of Koreas population was housed in apartment buildings.
These are typically over ten stories high and grouped together in large
complexes, with private security and a shared garden and/or childrens play
area.

House
There are relatively few houses in large cities due to the price of land.
However, they are still common in rural areas. You can see houses newly
built in the traditional Korean style in some wealthier residential areas.

Villa
In Korea, the term villa refers to housing which is more spacious and more
expensive than an ordinary apartment. Villas buildings are smaller than
apartment buildings, and a watchman and a manager take care of security
and maintenance.
188 UNIT 16 ?

Task 8: Roleplay ?
A: You are sharing the house below with , , , , ,
, , , and your partner. You have just come home and
want to know where everybody is and what they are up to. When your
partner gives you the information, use it to identify the figures in the
picture below. Write down the appropriate name next to the person.

[ 1 - Casual] [ 2]

A: ? A: ?

B: , . B: , .
, ,
? ?
A: (basement). A: .

B: ? ? B: ?

A: (table-tennis) . A: .
189 UNIT 16 ?

B: You are sharing the house below with , , , , ,


, , , and your partner. Your partner has just come
home and wants to know where everybody is and what they are doing.
Answer their questions according to the information given in the
picture below.

[ 1 - Casual] [ 2]

A: ? A: ?

B: , . B: , .
, ,
? ?
A: (basement). A: .

B: ? ? B: ?

A: (table-tennis) . A: .
190 UNIT 16 ?

Task 9: Listening
(EXPONENT)
A(people)+{/} ? Where is A?

A+{/} B . A is in B.

? What is/are he/she/they doing there?

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
where + in

+ in + with

there room; bedroom

living room garage

dining room cellar; storage


room
toilet bathroom

kitchen basement

garden television

meal/food food

is watching is making

() is sleeping () is having a bath

() is playing table
tennis
191 UNIT 16 ?

You are sharing the house below with , , , , ,


, , and . As you have just come home, you don't know
where they are or what they are doing. You are asking about them. Listen
for the locations and activities and write the names of people in the
appropriate rooms. Ready? Listen!
192 UNIT 16 ?

Task 10: Reading Comprehension


The following are authentic housing advertisements in a Korean community
newspaper in Melbourne, Australia.

SHARE
Clayton 5 Glenferrie 1


21

100

TO LET
Box Hill 3
1 1
, 200 ,

Vocabulary
boarding

station

[ newly built two story house]


own room

[ furniture fully equipped] fully furnished


laundry

supplied

wireless

possibility; available
193 UNIT 16 ?

misspelling of (share)
[quiet+and clean+] quiet and clean
apartment

[ female student wanted]


21 [2 people 1 room] shared room for 2 people
electricity

gas

Included

100 [ per week 100 $100] $100 per week


misspelling of (shopping center)
and

[ railway station+() from]


distance

bathroom

carpark

Comprehension Questions (Answer in Korean)


1. What station is the boarding house near? How far away is it?

2. Which services are provided by the boarding house?

3. How much is the shared house rent? What is included in the rent?

4. What sort of room do you get in the shared house?

5. What is nearby to the flat?

6. Which of the three places is best for a car owner? Why?


194 UNIT 16 ?

Task 11: Reading Comprehension


Susans flatmate will be going back to her own country in a months time so
Susan is looking for a new one. Susan has heard that a Korean classmate,
Mina, is looking for a room, so she has emailed her.

, .

10 .

, , , .

160 .

, ?

195 UNIT 16 ?

Vocabulary
still; yet

dormitory

? [ live +? (casual question ending)] Do you live?

[(casual present tense form)]


inconvenient; uncomfortable
next month

[ return; go back +(casual present tense


ending)] return; go back
[ roommate +(subject particle)
[ (casual present tense form)] need
[ quiet + and { clean(casual
present tense form)}] quiet and clean
laundry room

Korean grocery store

+ too; also

[ close +(casual present tense ending)]

gas

electricity

including

per week [ week + per]

? What do you think about it?

? [ interest there is; have +(casual present


tense ending)] are (you) interested?
[(casual present tense form)]
contact (me)
196 UNIT 16 ?

Comprehension Questions (Answer in Korean)


1. Where does Susan live and with whom?

2. Why does Susan need a new roommate?

3. How many bedrooms does the apartment have?

4. What other rooms are there?

5. Can Min-A easily buy Korean food nearby?

6. How much would Min-A have to pay per week including gas and
electricity?
197 UNIT 16 ?

Task 12: Word Check


Match these words: here is a list of vocabulary related to the house. Write
down the Korean words next to the equivalent English words. The first one
is done for you.

a. b. c. d.

e. f. g. h.

i. j. k. l. /

m. n.

1. living room 8. garden

2. stairs 9. basement

3. bathroom 10. garage

4. door 11. storeroom

5. bedroom 12. window

6. kitchen 13. toilet

7. dining room 14. bathroom


198 UNIT 16 ?

Task 13: Writing


You need to find a housemate. Write an advertisement for a Korean
community newspaper.
17
6

Unit Focus:
Talking about Travel

o Vocabulary: Transportation
o Public Transportation in Seoul
o Travel Time
? How long does it take?
o Taking Transport
+{/} /
o Transferring to Another Means of Transport
+{}
200 UNIT 17 6
UNIT 17 6 201

Situation Dialogue 1
Amanda is at a bus stop on her way to Lotte Department Store.
: ?

1: .

(A bus pulls up.)

: ?

1: , . 161 .

(Bus No. 161 pulls up.)

: ! ?

2: , .

Vocabulary
bus going/that goes to Lotte Department Store

? [stop+(present tense ending)] stop?

? [go+(present tense ending)] goes?

number

[get on; board+(honorific present tense


ending - asking someone to do something)] get on
Excuse me! (Lit. uncle; often used when
addressing a middle-aged man)
? [go+? right? (confirmation question ending)]
goes, right?
quickly
202 UNIT 17 6

Romanisation and Translation


Amanda: Yeogi Lotte baekhwajeom Does the bus to Lotte
ganeun beoseu seoyo? Department Store stop here?

Person 1: Ye. Yes.

(A bus pulls up.)

Amanda: Lotte baekhwajeom gayo? Is this going to Lotte


Department Store?

Bus driver 1: Aniyo, an gayo. No, it doesnt.


161beon beoseu taseyo. Please take bus number 161.

(Bus No. 161 pulls up.)

Amanda: Ajeossi! I beoseu lotte Excuse me! This bus goes to


baekhwajeom gajyo? Lotte Department Store, right?

Bus driver 2: Ne, ppalli taseyo. Yes, please hop on quickly.


UNIT 17 6 203

Task 1: Roleplay
A: You are Korean exchange student who has come to Monash University.
Ask your partner how to get to the places you want to go.

B: Your Korean friend is asking you how to get to the places s/he wants to
go. Provide them with the information. Refer to the example dialogue
below.

Buses stopping at the Clayton bus loop:

Bus No. Route

630 between Elwood and Monash University

631 between Waverly Gardens SC and Southland shopping centre

691 between Bayswater and Waverley Gardens

703 between Blackburn and Middle Brighton

733 between Box Hill and Oakleigh

737 between Croydon and Monash University

802
different routes between Dandenong and Chadstone shopping
804
centre
862

[ - Casual]

A: [ ] ?

B: , [ ] .

or

B: , .
204 UNIT 17 6

Vocabulary: Transportation

Type of Transportation Name of Stop & Related Words


train () (train) station

ship; boat wharf; jetty

bus ()
/ (bus) stop

express bus

terminal

boat

airplane airport

motorcycle

yacht

car car park

bicycle garage

tram tram stop

/ subway subway station

subway station

1 subway line 1

taxi taxi rank

truck
UNIT 17 6 205

Transportation Related Nouns

/ timetable

fare (e.g. , )

transportation card

ticket

rush hour (or )

Transportation Related Verbs & Adjectives

[+(present tense ending)] take; get on; board; ride

[+] get off


[+] go by foot

[ +] take; catch (to go)

[ +] change; transfer (transport/vehicle)


[] depart

[] arrive

[+] take (how long)

it takes a long time

[+] near; close

[+] far

Other Expressions
Melbourne Seoul from Seoul to Melbourne

() bus going/that goes to the city


206 UNIT 17 6

Public Transportation in Seoul


Bus:
There are four types of buses: blue, green, red and yellow. Blue buses (
) travel the major routes between downtown Seoul and its satellite
cities. Green buses ( ) serve the routes between subway stations and
nearby residential areas. Red buses ( ) serve routes between
major areas (downtown, Gangnam, Yeongdeungpo, etc.) and metropolitan
satellite cities (Ilsan, Bundang, Uijeongbu, etc.). Yellow buses ( )
travel circular belt roads in the downtown and the major metropolitan areas.

Taxi:
There two types of taxis: regular () and deluxe (). Deluxe
taxis provide better service and are more comfortable, However they are also
more expensive. You can distinguish deluxe taxis by their black colouring.
Taxis can be booked over the phone or hailed on the street. Regular taxis are
permitted to double hire so even if a taxi is occupied you can still hail it. Call
out your destination to passing taxi drivers, and if they are going your way,
they will stop and pick you up. Regular taxi fares are very cheap, making
them a convenient form of public transport. The flip side is that the drivers
have difficulty in making a decent living. As a result they generally drive fast
to earn more fares and may be rude if you are travelling only a short distance.

Subway: /
The word (train) is used to refer to long distance inter-city trains. Within
a city people refer to either the (subway) or the (above ground
electric train). The Seoul subway system is extensive, allowing convenient
travel to most areas of Seoul.

For further information:


http://www.lifeinkorea.com/Information/practical.cfm#Transportation
UNIT 17 6 207

Task 2: Word Check


Match these Korean words with their English equivalents. The first one is
done for you.

a. f.
b. g.
c. h.
d. i.
e. j.

1. train

2. airplane

3. bicycle

4. bus

5. car

6. motorcycle

7. ship

8. subway

9. taxi

10. tram
208 UNIT 17 6
UNIT 17 6 209

Situation Dialogue 2
Paul has left the dormitory to go to a house near the university.
: .

: ? ? 1 ?

: . .

10 .

: ? ? ?

: , .

, .

Vocabulary
[dormitory+from] out of the dormitory
[outcome+(past tense ending)] left; came out
? [move house+(past tense ending)]
did you move (house)?
[uni+from]
[vicinity+is] is in the vicinity of
[close+(casual present tense ending)] close to; near
[walk+by doing] on foot
A+ not more than A

[take amount of time+] takes (amount of time)


? What do you think about..?; How is..?

bus stop

[near+and+(polite particle)] near and


[ not really far+(casual present tense ending)]
210 UNIT 17 6

Note 1: In Korean, there are two different ways to show a starting point. To
show a starting point in time, use the particle +, to show a starting point
in space, use +.

Example:
A: ? Have you got a class today?
B: , 2 4 . Yes, I have a class from 2 oclock to 4
oclock.

Romanisation and Translation


Paul: Jeo gisuksaeseo nawasseoyo. I moved out of the dormitory.
(Lit. I came out of the
dormitory.)

Minjun: Geurae? Eodiro isahaesseo? Really? Where did you move to?
Hakgyoeseo1 gakkawo? Are you close to uni?

Paul: Ne. Hakgyo geuncheoyeyo. Yeah, its close to uni.


Georeoseo 10 bunbakke an Its a 10 minute walk at most.
geollyeoyo. (Lit. It takes no more than ten
minutes on foot.)

Minjun: Geurae? Jip eottae? Joa? Yeah? How is the house? Good?

Paul: Ne, gwaenchanayo. Yeah, its okay.


Beoseu jeongnyujangdo Its close to the bus stop and also
gakkapgoyo, syopingsentado not very far from the shopping
byeollo an meoreoyo. centre.
UNIT 17 6 211

Travel Time: ? How long does it


take?
When asking how much time something takes we can use the expression:

? (Casual- neutral ending )


? (Casual- feminine ending)
? (Casual- masculine ending)

? (Polite)

The answer to ()? is as follows:

Period of Time ()

Examples:
(1) A: How long does it take from your

? home to school?

B: . It takes about 10 minutes on foot.


(2) It takes 50 minutes by car

. from home to the office.

(3) A: How long does it take

KTX ? from Seoul to Pusan by KTX


(Korea Train Express)?
B: . It takes about 3 hours.
(4) A: ? Have you finished your
homework?
B: . . Yes, but it took a long time.
(5) A: I want to send this parcel to USA.

. ? How long will it take?

B: . About a week.
212 UNIT 17 6

Task 3: Roleplay ?
A: You are a Korean exchange student in Melbourne who wants to travel
around in Australia. Ask your fiend how long it takes to get to the places
below.

B: Your Korean friend is asking you how long it takes to get to the
following places. Tell them how many hours you think it will take if
they use a particular mode of transport. You should be able to use five
different modes of transport in this roleplay. Refer to the example
dialogue below.

[ - Casual]
A: [ ] ?

B: [ ] [ ].

Note: is about.
UNIT 17 6 213

Task 4: Listening
(EXPONENT)
A(means of transportation) ? How long does it take by A?

A . It takes A hour(s).

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
how long takes (amount of time)

hour(s) ah... let me see... well...

New York Chicago

San Francisco Los Angeles


Pure Korean numbers up to 18 Sino-Korean numbers up to 40

This time, Paul and Amanda are talking about their travel plan around the
U.S.A. Listen for the traveling times and places of departure and arrival.
Draw arrows connecting places of departure and arrival and write along these
arrows the traveling times. Ready? Listen!
214 UNIT 17 6

Taking Transport: +{/} / take ...


When we want to say that we go or come by a particular mode of transport,
add +{/} / to the noun for the means of transport. The
expression literally means get on the means of transport and then go/come.

The rules:
a) If the noun ends in a vowel: +
. I came by taxi.

b) If the noun ends in a consonant: +


. I took the subway.

Examples:
(1) A: ? How do you get to uni?

B: . By bus.

(2) A: () ? Do you go to the market by bus?

B: , () . No, I take the subway.

(3) A: . I went to Busan yesterday (and


came back).
B: ? Did you go there by train?

A: , . No, I drove my car.

(4) A: ? How shall we get there?


(Lit. What shall we get on and go?)
B: . Lets catch a taxi.
UNIT 17 6 215

Task 5: Roleplay ?
First fill in the blanks with your details.
___________/.

_____________ .

(________________) ________{/} .

(or . / . I come to uni by car.)

________ .

Now ask each of your classmates where they live, how they come to school,
and how long it takes them. The example dialogues will help you.

NAME SUBURB TRANSPORTATION TIME REQUIRED

[ 1] [ 2 - Casual]

A: [ ] , ? A: ?

B: [ Richmond ] . B: [ Richmond ].

A: , ? A: , ?

B: [ ] . B: [ ].

A: A: [ ]?
? ?
B: [ 50 ] . B: [ 50 ].
216 UNIT 17 6

Task 6: Listening
(EXPONENT)
? Where is your house?

A(area) . I live in A.

?/ ? How do you come to school?


A(means of transportation) . I come by A.

? How long does it take?

A (hours) B (minutes) . It takes about A hour(s) and


B minutes.

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
car taxi

train bicycle

bus house

live what

school (meaning includes + by (mode of


university/college) transport)
take/s (time) hour(s)

minutes how long

come by A(mode of + about


transport)
Pure Korean numbers up to 12
Sino-Korean numbers up to 50 (going up in fives)
Melbourne suburbs: Richmond, Boxhill, Glen Waverley, Hawthorn, Clayton
UNIT 17 6 217

You are going to hear some dialogue about how people get to school and
how long it takes from home to school. Listen for the means of transportation
and the time taken. Write down the time and the names of those who are using
each means of transportation in the appropriate box. Ready? Listen!

Name Time

________ ________

________ ________

________ ________

________ ________

________ ________
218 UNIT 17 6
UNIT 17 6 219

Situation Dialogue 3
Amanda is asking for directions to Korea University in the subway station.
: ?

: 6

: ?

: .

: ! , .

Vocabulary
[+()] from here

(an abbreviation for) Korea University

how

6 subway line 6

[catch+and] catch and

[Korea University station+at]

[get off +(honorific) + you can just


+(polite)] you can get off
how long

? [take+?(soft question ending)] does it take?

[take+] takes

..... about . or so
220 UNIT 17 6

Romanisation and Translation


Amanda: Yeogiseo Goryeo daehakgyo How can I get to Korea
eotteoke gayo? University from here?

Staff: Jihacheol yukhoseon tago Take subway line 6 and then


goryeodaeyeogeseo naerisimyeon you can get off at Korea
dwaeyo. University station.

Amanda: Eolmana geollinayo? How long does it take?

Staff: Eum..yak osip bunjjeum Ah It takes about 50


geollyeoyo. minutes.

Amanda: A! Ne, gamsahamnida. Ah! I see. Thank you.


UNIT 17 6 221
222 UNIT 17 6

Transferring to Another Mode of Transport:


+{} transfer to

Whem travelling, it is often necessary to change from one mode of transport


to another. Alternatively, you may use the same mode of transport, but need
to transfer to a different route (e.g. from tram no. 86 to tram no. 109).
The expression you use in these situations is +{} .

Rules:
a) If the noun ends in a vowel or consonant : +

A: ? How do you come to school?

B: . I catch the train to Seoul station.

. There I transfer to a bus.

( literally means switch and get on.)

b) If the noun ends in a consonant (except consonant ): +


A: ? How can I get to Seoul National
University from here?
B: 2 You need to transfer to subway

. line number 2.

Examples:
(1) 6 Take subway line 6 and then

2 transfer to line 2 at Sindang


Station.
.

(2) 83 Take bus no. 83 from here and

28 then transfer to no. 28 at


Dongdaemun.
.
UNIT 17 6 223

However, if you just want to say you change trams/trains/buses/planes, you


say +{/} instead of +{} . as in (3).

(3) A: Do you fly direct from Melbourne

? to Seoul?

B: , No, I change planes at Sydney.

(4) (on the subway)


Passengers transferring to the

. Inchon line should change trains at


the next station.
224 UNIT 17 6

Task 7: Roleplay ?
A: You are a tourist in Seoul. Ask people how to get to the places in the left
column. Refer to the example dialogue. When the person gives you the
information, complete the details in the table below.

You are at Destination Subway line Arriving Station


*
3 3 Gyeongbokgung
Museum
Palace


3 Ambassador
Hotel


3 Express Bus
Terminal


Dongdaemun Olympic Park
Stadium



Suwon (City)

(* (museum) is pronounced [].)

[ ]
A: [ ] ?

B: [ 3 ]

[ ] .

A: .
UNIT 17 6 225

B: A tourist wants to know how to get to the places in the left column.
Provide them with the information listed in the table. Refer to the
example dialogue.

You are at Destination Subway line Arriving Station


*
3 3 Gyeongbokgung
Museum
Palace


3 Ambassador 3 Dongguk
Hotel University


3 Express Bus 3
Terminal


Dongdaemun 3
Olympic Park
Stadium


1
Suwon (City)

(* (museum) is pronounced [].)

[ ]
A: [ ] ?

B: [ 3 ]

[ ] .

A: .
226 UNIT 17 6

Task 8: Listening
(EXPONENT)
A{/}. My name is A.

A(place) . I work in A.

A(place) B(place) . I go from A to B on foot.

A(place) B(place) I go from A to B by C.

C(means of transportation) .

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
Car bicycle

Train house

restaurant hairdresser's

company/office bank

name work

takes (amount of time) go

on foot + in; from

+ about + by

minutes I (humble expression)

my (humble expression)
UNIT 17 6 227

You can see in the picture some people going to their workplaces. Four of
them will introduce themselves to you. Listen carefully and see if you can
identify which four people they are. Write down the letters of the pictures that
describe what you hear, names of the four and how long it takes them to travel
from home to work in the appropriate spaces. Ready? Listen!

1. / : / 2. / : /

3. / : / 4. / : /

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

g. h.
228 UNIT 17 6

Task 9: Extended Situation Dialogue


Susan is explaining to her friend, Dongjun, how to get to the city from
Monash University.

: ? .

: ?

: .

630 Huntingdale .

City Flinders St .

: Flinders St ?

: .

: ?

: .

Vocabulary
from here the city; city centre

bus to the city how

complicated first of all

station [+] get off

from there should go

how long [+] takes

... about or so
UNIT 17 6 229

Task 10: Roleplay


A: You are a Korean exchange student who has come to Monash
University. Ask your partner how to get to the places in the rightmost
column.
B: Your Korean friend is asking you how to get to the places in the
rightmost column. Provide them with the information listed in the table.
Refer to the example dialogue below.

You are at Transport 1 Transferring Transport 2 Arriving

Monash Bus 802 - - Chadstone

Carlton Tram - - St Kilda

Southern
Clayton Train Sky Bus Airport
Cross Station
Huntingdale City (Flinders
Monash Bus 630 Train
Station St Station)
Flinders St Melbourne
Caulfield Train Tram
Station University

[ 1] For a trip without transfers


A: _____________ ?
B: _____________ .
or
B: ____________ Tram ____________ .

[ 2] For a trip with transfers


A: _____________ ?
B: ____________ ____________ ____________ .
_____________ _____________ .
230 UNIT 17 6

Task 11: Reading Comprehension


Amanda is writing an email to a Korean friend in Australia describing aspects
of being a student at Korea University.

? ? ^^ ?

. .

. , .

? .

Vocabulary
, names (female)

? How are you? (Lit. Are you well?)

been a while, hasnt it?

name (male)

? [ +?(tag question ending)]


doing well? (Lit. you are well, arent you?)
boarding house

? [ find (e.g. accommodation) +(past


tense)+(casual question ending)]
UNIT 17 6 231

did you find (it)?


[ move house+(past tense infix)+(casual
ending)] moved (house)
Jamsil (a suburb located just south of the Han River in
Seoul and where the Olympic Stadium is located)
[ far+(casual present tense ending)] far
[ face see+ lets]
Lets try to catch up
(Lit. Lets see each others faces sometime)
often

[ contact+(casual present tense ending)]


keep in touch (Lit. contact); pronounced yeollakae

Comprehension Questions (Answer in Korean)


1. Where does Amanda live and with whom?

2. How does she go to university?

3. How long does it take?


232 UNIT 17 6

Task 12: Listening


(EXPONENT)
A{/}. My name is A.

A B(place) . A work(s) in B.

A(place) B(place) It takes (me) C minutes

C . from A to B on foot.

A(place) B(place) It takes (me) D minutes

C(means of transportation) from A to B by C.

D .

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
bank company/office

hotel school; campus

library supermarket

hairdresser's factory

pharmacy travel agency

coffee shop hospital; doctors


clinic*
garage (car repair shop) post office

shoe shop house

restaurant bicycle

motorcycle train

taxi car

bus name

my our

+ in; from on foot

+ by minutes
UNIT 17 6 233

+ about I

work takes (time)

teach

works (honorific form) teaches


(honorific form)
father

mother

elder brother to a male

elder brother to a female

elder sister to a female

elder sister to a male


Sino-Korean numbers up to 50 (going up in fives)

You are going to hear four stories that tell you about four families shown
in the picture below. A family member will tell you where each member of
his or her family works, how they get to work and how long it takes from the
house to each place of work. For each family member draw a line connecting
his/her mode of transport to the correct work place. Write in along this line
the travelling time and that particular person's names or relationship to the
speaker (e.g. , ). Ready? Listen!

1.
234 UNIT 17 6

2.

3.

4.
UNIT 17 6 235
236 UNIT 17 6

Task 13: Listening


(EXPONENT)
? What shall we do?

? Where shall we go?

A(place) . Let's go to A.

? How shall we get there?

A(place) B(place) Let's go from A to B by C.

C(means of transportation) .
Verb stem + {/}? Shall we (verb)?

Verb stem + {/}. Let's (verb).

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
what where;
somewhere
bus train

car travel

+ and + to; at (place)

+ by and

then; in that case by the way;


but
fine let's go

let's come

? Shall we come? ? Shall we go?

during school holidays Let's go


travelling
Adelaide Alice Springs

Gold Coast Melbourne


UNIT 17 6 237

You are going to hear the dialogue in which Thomas and Susan are talking
about their travel plan around Australia during school holidays. Listen for the
means of transportation and places of departure and arrival. Draw arrows
connecting places of departure and arrival and write in along these arrows the
means of transportation. Ready? Listen!
238 UNIT 17 6

Task 14: Writing


A friend at a different university needs to travel to your university library to
borrow a book. Write a set of instructions explaining how to get from your
friends university to yours by public transport, including how long each
stage will take. (Choose two universities that are far apart.)
18

Unit Focus:
Describing and Comparing Things
Making Contrasting Statements
Talking about the Weather

o Comparing
A + () (more) than A
o Contrasting: + but
o Vocabulary: Four Seasons
o Vocabulary: Weather
240 UNIT 18
UNIT 18 241

Situation Dialogue 1
Minjun is looking to buy a car.
: , ?

: . ?

: , , .

: ?

: ... .

Vocabulary
car

[all right; okay; quite good; +(soft ending)] is


pretty good
? Do you like it? Are you happy with it? (Lit. Is it to your
liking?)
this one

too

[expensive+(soft ending)] expensive


Corolla

+ than; compared to

size

+ too; as well

[more small+and] smaller and


Civic

price

[alright; okay+but] is alright but


colour
242 UNIT 18

not very/that/so good

Romanisation and Translation


Minjun: Ya, i cha eottae? Hey, what do you think of this
car?
Hyeonu: Gwaenchaneunde. Its pretty good.
Maeume deureo? Do you like it?
Minjun: Eo, geunde, igeo neomu Yeah, but its too expensive.
bissande. Korollaboda keugido And its smaller than a Corolla
deo jakgo. too.
Hyeonu: Geureom i sibigeun? Well what about this Civic
then?
Minjun: Geulsse... Well
Gagyeogeun gwaenchaneunde The price is alright but
saekkkari byeolloya. I dont really like the colour.
UNIT 18 243
244 UNIT 18

Comparing: A + () (more) than A


When you want to compare two nouns, you can use the particle + after
the second noun as an equivalent to the English word than. The word
(more) is optional, and can be used for emphasis.

(1) () . Australia is bigger than Korea.

(2) () . This dress is cheapher than that


one.

When we are making a comparison that is less, we need to include the word
(less).

(3) . Today is less cold than yesterday.

(4) Melbourne is less cold than Seoul

. in winter.

Examples:
(5) A: ? Which one is tastier?

B: . They are all the same

(6) . Susan studies better than me.

(7) . My older brother is one year older


than me.

(8) . My younger sister is two years

(or ) younger than me.

(9) . Its much simpler than it seems.

(10) . Its harder than it seems.


UNIT 18 245

(11) . Its no harder than I thought.

(12) This is tastier than I thought.

(13) . Its tastier than it looks.

(14) . Its heavier than it looks.

(15) . This is easier than it looks.

(16) (=) . This is the cheapest one.


246 UNIT 18

Task 1: Roleplay .
A: You are going to buy a second-hand car. Ask your partner to help you to
choose a good one.
B: You have found some information about some used cars from an
Internet website. Provide the information to your partner.


2004 1994 2004 1996
2,150 590 630 180

Vocabulary
consume(s) lots of petrol

old (a thing)

mileage is low

[ 1] [ 2 - Casual]

A: ? A: ?

B: , . B: , .

A: ? A: ?
UNIT 18 247

Task 2: Building Sentences


Compare the following two advertisements and complete the sentences.

Honda Hyundai


2011
2010 4 8 km
7 3 km $10500
$11900

1. .

2. __________________ __________________ .

3. _______________ .

4. ____________________.

Vocabulary
like cheap

mileage expensive

old (things) short

price long

99 99 model mileage is low


248 UNIT 18

Task 3: Listening
(EXPONENT)
A(noun)+{/} Adjective stem +(/). A is Adjective.

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
weather clothes

money problem

flower(s) mountain

cold hot

fine; good expensive

cheap clean

dirty There is/are a lot

easy difficult

sick high

beautiful +{/} subject particles


UNIT 18 249

Choose the picture that describes what you hear and write down the
corresponding letter in the space below. Ready? Listen!

1. 2. 3. 4.

5. 6. 7. 8.

9. 10. 11. 12.

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .
250 UNIT 18

Task 4: Listening
(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
car

bad

There are few; There is little (in quantity)

low

You are going to hear a statement that describes the pictures below. Listen
carefully and repeat what you hear only if it is true. Do not repeat if it is not
true. If it is true, you will hear the same statement again. And if it is not true,
you will hear the word FALSE" and the true statement. Ready? Listen!

1. 2.

3. 4.

5. 6.
UNIT 18 251

7. 8.

9. 10.

11. 12.

13. 14.

15.
252 UNIT 18

Task 5: Listening
(EXPONENT)
A+{/} B () Adjective stem + (/) A is (more) Adjective than B

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
white black

money trousers

mountain Mt. Chiri

Mt. Halla who ( who + subject


particle)
which yesterday

today tall

long short (in length)

cheap expensive

high There are a lot/many

few; little hot

more + than; compared to

Concord Lantra

You will hear a dialogue in which various comparisons are made. Draw
lines connecting names with the correct pictures. Ready? Listen!

1. a. .

b. .
UNIT 18 253

2. a. .

b. .

3. a. .

b. .

4. a. .

b. .

5. a. .

b. .

6. a. .

b. .
254 UNIT 18
UNIT 18 255

Situation Dialogue 2
Minjun is asking about Pauls studies.
: ?

: .

: ? ? ?

: , . .

: ?

: . , , .

Vocabulary
+ than; compared to () [+()] easy
grammar [+] similar
pronunciation reading

writing easier

Romanisation and Translation


Minjun: Jigeum mwo gongbuhae? What are you studying now?
Paul: Ilboneoyo. Japanese.
Minjun: Geurae? Ilboneo eottae? Yeah? Whats Japanese like?
Hangugeoboda swiwo? Is it easier than Korean?
Paul: Geulsse, jal moreugesseoyo. Well, Im not quite sure.
Munbeobeun biseutaeyo. The grammars similar, but
Geunde bareumi hangugeoboda pronunciation is easier than
swiwoyo. Korean.
Minjun: Geurae? Really?
Paul: Ne. Geunde, ilgi, sseugineun Yeah. But Korean is easier to
hangugeoga deo swiwoyo. read and write.
256 UNIT 18

Task 6: Roleplay
A: You are studying with your friend in the library. Ask them what they are
studying and whether or not it is easier than another subject.

B: You are studying with your friend in the library. S/he will ask you what
you are studying and whether or not it is harder than another subject.

[ - Casual ]
A: ?
B: [ ].
A: ? [ ] ? [ ] ?
B: , . [ ].
[ ] .
A: ?
B: . , [ , ] [ ].

Vocabulary
exam assignment

grammar [+] similar

pronunciation () [+](exactly the) same

writing [+] different

reading [+] many

speaking [+] difficult

listening [+] easy


UNIT 18 257

Task 7: Listening
(VOCABULARY)
tone

Chinese characters

[ learn+(casual present tense ending)] learn


[ a lot; much more easy] much easier

You will hear a dialogue where Minjun is asking Paul about learning Chinese
and Korean. Answer the following questions in English.

1. Which language does Paul find easier in terms of grammar?

2. What makes Chinese pronunciation more difficult than Korean?

3. What else does Paul find difficult about learning Chinese?

4. Does he learn Chinese characters in the Korean course?


258 UNIT 18

Contrasting: + but
When we want to make a statement that contradicts or makes a contrast with
what has just been said, we add + to the verb or adjective stem.

Verb or Adjective Stem +

Examples:
(1) I dont have money, but I am
content.

(2) I like Japanese food, but

. I dont go to Japanese restaurants


often since its expensive.

(3) . Its expensive, but the design is


good.

(4) . Its cloudy, but not cold.

(5) . That person is rich, but unhappy.

The past tense form of + is +[+] or +[+].


The attachment rules are the same as the past tense endings we studied in Unit
7.

(6) . It was a bit expensive but I bought


it anyway.

(7) It was cloudy, but not cold

. yesterday

(8) A: ? Did you go to see a film


yesterday?
B: . I wanted to go, but I couldnt.
UNIT 18 259

Task 8: Roleplay
A: You are in a department store with your friend and want to buy the
things in the picture below. Ask their opinion on each item as shown in
the example dialogue. Write down his or her opinion in Row B and
reply with one of the reasons why you like the item below. You should
write these down in Row A.

Reasons: A.() B. () C. ()

B: You are in a department store with your friend who wants to buy the
things in the picture below. S/he will ask your opinion on each item as
in the example dialogue. Choose a different reason for each item and
write down the reason that you dont like them in Row B. Write down
your friends opinion in Row A.

Reasons: A.() B.() C.() D.().

1. 2. 3. 4.

[ - Casual ]
A: ?
B: .
A: .
260 UNIT 18

Task 9: Listening
(VOCABULARY)
shoes

shortened form of (digital camera)

mobile phone

design

too

[big+(casual present tense ending)] big

[big+(soft ending)] big

[big+but] big but

[big+and] big and

[pretty+(casual present tense ending)] pretty

[pretty+(soft ending)] pretty

[pretty+but] pretty but

[pretty+and] pretty and

[good+(casual present tense ending)] good

[good+(soft ending)] good

[good+but] good but

[good+and] good and

[expensive+(casual present tense ending)] expensive

[expensive+(soft ending)] expensive

[expensive+but] expensive but

[expensive+and] expensive and

[heavy+(casual present tense ending)] heavy

[heavy+(soft ending)] heavy


UNIT 18 261

[heavy+but] heavy but

[heavy+and] heavy and

[+ thing+(subject particle)] light ones

You will hear Minseo (female) and Jihun (male) talking about some items in a
department store. Write down the name of the item and their opinion of each
below. Ready? Listen!

Dialogue 1

Item

Minsoes
opinion

Jihuns opinion

Dialogue 2

Item

Minsoes
opinion

Jihuns opinion

Dialogue 3

Item

Minsoes
opinion

Jihuns opinion
262 UNIT 18
UNIT 18 263

Situation Dialogue 3
Amanda is an exchange student who is not used to the Korean winter.
: ... .

: , ?

: .

: ?

: ? .

: , ?

: .... .

Vocabulary
brrr!

genuine; really

[ cold+(exclamatory ending)] Its cold!


[+(casual present tense ending)] Its cold.
not really; not that/very/so much

snow

+ as well; too; either

instead

rain (noun)

often; frequently
264 UNIT 18

[ rain+(subject particle) come+(casual present


tense ending)] it rains/its raining
summer

[+(casual present tense ending)] hot


[+(modifying adjective ending) day] hot days
much; a lot; far (when comparing)

humidity level

[ low+ so] is low, so


[ sweltering; steamy; muggy +(++ +)not]
not sticky hot

Romanisation and Translation


Amanda: Eu... oneul jinjja chupda. Brrr Its really cold today.
Yeogi gyeoureun neomu Winter here is too cold.
chuwo.
Minseo: Geureom, melbeoreuneun So, Melbourne isnt cold in
an chuwo? winter?
Amanda: Byeollo an chuwo. Not really cold.

Minseo: Nundo an wa? Does it snow?


(Lit. Does it not snow either?)
Amanda: Nun? An wa. Snow? No, it doesnt.
Daesin biga jaju wa. It rains a lot, though.
(Lit. Instead, it often rains.)
Minseo: Geureom, yeoreumeun eottae? What about summer then?
Seoulboda deowo? Is it hotter than Seoul?
Amanda: Eum... deoun nareun Um on hot days
seoulboda hwolssin deowo. it's a lot hotter than Seoul.
Geunde seupdoga najaseo But not sticky hot, because
mudeopjin ana. humidity is low.
UNIT 18 265

Vocabulary: Four Seasons


spring

summer

autumn

winter

Vocabulary: Weather

raining cloudy fine/clear


warm

hot windy snowing


steamy cool cold
266 UNIT 18

Task 10: Word Check


Here is a list of the seasons and terms describing the weather. Match the
Korean with the English. The first and last ones are done for you.

a. h.
b. i.
c. j.
d. k.
e. l.
f. m.
g. n.

1. spring 8. fine

2. summer 9. hot

3. autumn 10. raining

4. winter 11. snowing

5. cloudy 12. warm

6. cold 13. windy

7. cool 14. dry


UNIT 18 267

Task 11: Roleplay ?


You are talking on the phone with a friend.

A: Ask your friend what the weather is like now in his/her city.

B: Tell your friend what the weather is like now in your city.
Refer to the map below.

[ ]
A: [ ] ?

B: . .
268 UNIT 18

Task 12: Listening


(EXPONENT)
? Where are you from?

A . Im from A.

? What's the weather like there?

Verb or Adjective stem + Verb or Adjective and

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
spring summer

autumn winter

fine/clear cloudy

warm cold

fine and cloudy and

good was good

weather was warm

+ as well; also but

cold and snow

rain comes

? came? no

then a little

very now

wind cold, isn't it?

A It's A where

+ from Australia

Canada Osaka

Japan Canberra

San Francisco it rained/was raining


UNIT 18 269

it was windy ? Does it snow?

You are a taxi driver in Seoul, and you often meet people from overseas.
Whenever you meet these people you always ask them about the weather. Put
a mark in the table. Ready? Listen!

1.

2.

3.

4.
270 UNIT 18

Task 13: Listening


(EXPONENT)
Verb or Adjective stem + will Verb or will be Adjective

Verb or Adjective stem + Verb or Adjective and then... or


Verb or Adjective but then...

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
Seoul Kangnung

Taejon Taegu

Pusan Kwangju

Cheju Island each

region tomorrow

weather a little bit

the whole country + 's

mainly cloudy but

will report in the morning

from the afternoon (onwards)

.... without going any further (Lit. as it is)

It will be fine

It will snow
It will rain
It will be cloudy

have reported

You will hear the recorded information about tomorrow's weather on the
phone. Choose the symbol that describes what you hear and write down the
corresponding letter next to each city on the map. Ready? Listen!
UNIT 18 271

. . . .
272 UNIT 18

Task 14: Reading Comprehension


Susan is writing an email to a Korean friend about her trip to Korea.


, ?
. .
.
.
. .
. .
.
.
. .

Vocabulary
for/during that period

? [+(past tense ending)]How have you been?


[ +(past tense ending)] travelled
Kyeongju (a historic Korean city)

person; people

traffic

[ +(present tense ending)] congested;


crowded; complex
[ goods; things price] the price of goods
quality (of goods)

Namdaemun Market

footwear; shoes
UNIT 18 273

[ small+ but] small but


[ quiet+ and ] quiet and
[+(present tense ending)] clean
weather

[ cold+ so] cold so


tourist

There were not many

soon

Korean class

again; also

[+] Ill keep in touch


(Lit. Ill contact you.)

Comprehension Questions (Answer in Korean.)


1. What did Susan do during the holidays?

2. Compared to Melbourne, what is Seoul like?

3. What did she buy?

4. Where did she go shopping and what were the prices like?

5. Compared to Seoul, what is Kyeongju like?

6. Why were there not many tourists in Kyeongju?


274 UNIT 18

Task 15: Writing


Compare the city you are in now with another city you know. Compare
aspects such as traffic (), weather (), people (), and so on.
UNIT 19 ?

19

?

Unit Focus:
Confirming What You Already Know
Describing People, Animals and Things (1)
Being Polite (Soft Sentence Endings)
Making a Suggestion to Try Something

o Confirming: +? , isnt it?; , doesnt it?


o Vocabulary: Animals and Insects
o Vocabulary: Describing People (1)
o Describing with Modifying Adjective Endings:
+{/}
o Vocabulary: Describing People (2)
(with Modifying Adjective Endings)
o Soft Sentence Endings: +{/}
o Making a Suggestion: +(/) Try ...ing
276 UNIT 19 ?
UNIT 19 ? 277
278 UNIT 19 ?

Situation Dialogue 1
Amanda suggests playing 20 questions with Minseo.
: .

: . .

: , . .

: ?

: .

: ?

: , .

: ?

: , .

: ?

: .

: , ! ?

: , .

Vocabulary
20 questions (Lit: 20 mountain peaks).

[ you (casual) +(subject particle)] you


Note. is often pronounced . Also, when used with
particles other than the subject particle, is used (e.g. ).
first

[ think + try] try to think of


[ think +(casual past tense ending)]
I have thought (of one)
[ ask+(casual present tense ending)] ask (me)
UNIT 19 ? 279

[ live++(casual present tense ending)] live


? [ big+(casual present tense ending)] (is) big?
! [ know+(exclamatory past tense ending)] I know!
? [ cat+ isnt it] (Its) a cat, isnt it?
[ get it right/find the correct answer +(casual past tense
ending)] got it right

Romanisation and Translation


Amanda: Uri seumugogae haja. Lets play 20 questions.

Minseo: Joa. Niga meonjeo hana OK You think of something


saenggakae bwa. (Lit. one) first.

Amanda: Eum, saenggakaesseo. OK. Um, Ive got one. (Lit. I


Mureo bwa. thought of one.) Ask me.

Minseo: Dongmuriya? Is it an animal?

Amanda: Eo. Yep.

Minseo: Jibeseo sara? Domestic? (Lit. Lives in the


house?)

Amanda: Eung, jibe sara. Yeah, (it does).

Minseo: Keo? Is it big?

Amanda: Ani, an keo. Nope, its not.

Minseo: Gaeya? Is it a dog?

Amanda: Ani. Nope.

Minseo: A, aratda! Ah, Ive got it!


Goyangiji? Its a cat, isnt it?

Amanda: Eo, majasseo. Yep, you got it.


280 UNIT 19 ?

Confirming: +? , isnt it?; , doesnt it?


When you want to ask about something you already know use + at the
end of the sentence. + comes after the verb, adjective or noun, and is
pronounced with a falling intonation. The contracted form + is often used
in colloquial speech.

1) Present tense rules:

Verb or Adjective Stem +? (Casual)

Verb or Adjective Stem +? (Polite)

Noun +{}? (Casual)

Noun +{}? (Polite)

a) After a verb or adjective stem: +?


? Youre open tomorrow, arent you?

b) After a noun: +()?


If the noun ends in a vowel: +
, Hello, is that (Lit: there)

? Korea University?

If the noun ends in a consonant: +?


? Hello, is that Professor Parks

? residence? (Note. : honorific


word for )

Examples:
(1) A: ? Its really cold today, isnt it?

B: , ! Yes, it is (very cold)!


UNIT 19 ? 281

(2) A: ? The coffee is too strong, isnt it?

B: , . No, its fine.

(3) A: ? The exam is easy, isnt it?

B: , . No, its difficult.

(4) A: ? Its still raining outside, isnt it?

B: , . No, it stopped a while ago.

(5) A: ? Its a public holiday tomorrow,


isnt it?
B: , . Yes, thats right.

(6) A: Michael is skiing/skis very well,

? isnt he/doesnt he?

B: , . Yes, he is/does.

(7) A: ? This film is good, isnt it?

B: , . Yes, it is.

(8) A: ? Did you make this yourself?

B: . . Yes. It took me a month.

? Pretty, huh?

(9) A: ?* You dont exercise much, right?

B: , . No, not much. [Lit. Yes, not much.]

(* do+(honorific infix)+? is more polite than ?)

(10) A: . . This place has nice coffee. Try it.

B: , . Yeah, all right.

A: ? ? How is it? Good, huh?

B: , . Yeah, it is.
282 UNIT 19 ?

2) Past tense rules:

Verb or Adjective Stem +(/)?

Noun +{/}?

a) After a verb or adjective stem: +(/)?


If the last vowel is or : +?
? Michael has gone to Korea, hasnt
he?

If the last vowel is not or : +?


Yesterdays movie was good,

? wasnt it?

If the last vowel of the stem is not or and stem ends in :


delete +?
A: ? Yesterdays exam was easy, wasnt
it?
B: , . Yes, it was.

b) After a noun: +{/}?


If the noun ends in a vowel: +?
? He was a swimmer before, wasnt
he?

If the noun ends in a consonant: +?


? Yesterday was Young-mis
birthday, wasnt it?
UNIT 19 ? 283

Examples:
(1) A: ? It was really hot yesterday, wasnt
it?
B: , . Yes, it was.

(2) A: ? Young-mi called you yesterday,


didnt she?
B: , . Yes, she did.

(3) A: ? You havent eaten yet, have you?

B: , . No, I havent.

A: , . Then, lets go and eat together.

(4) A: ? It rained a lot there yesterday,


didnt it?
B: , . Yes, it did.

(5) A: ? It was Young-mis book, wasnt


it?
B: , . Yes, thats right.

(6) A: ? Michael hasnt come back yet, has


he/right?
B: , No, he will be back soon.
[Lit. Yes, he will be back soon.]
284 UNIT 19 ?

Vocabulary: Animals and Insects

Animals ()
puppy horse

dog snake

whale lion

gorilla cow

cat sheep

bear rat/mouse

giraffe kangaroo

camel elephant

chicken koala

pig tiger

Insects ()

ant mosquito

spider bee

butterfly fly
UNIT 19 ? 285

Task 1: Roleplay
Your teacher will split you into small groups. One student should think of an
animal and the rest of the group should find out what it is by playing Twenty
Questions. Take it in turns to be the one answering.

1. 2. 3. 4.

5. 6. 7. 8.

[ ] [ - Casual]

A: ? A: ?

B: . B: .

A: , ? A: , ?

B: . B:

A: , ? A: , ?

B: . B: .
286 UNIT 19 ?

Task 2: Listening
(EXPONENT)
A+{/} It's not A.

A+{/} Adjective stem +(/) A is Adjective

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
dog cat

elephant fish

bee giraffe

horse mouse; rat

kangaroo neck

nose tail

flower honey

sea () people

Africa Australia

big long

small like

hate; not like live

run make

afraid of ride

fly but; however


(formal)
and very

together quickly; fast

+ with + in/at/to

+{/} subject particles +{/} object particles

+{/} topic particles


UNIT 19 ? 287

You will hear descriptions of the animals and insect below. In each space
write down the letter which corresponds to the animal described. Ready?
Listen!

1. 2. 3. 4.

5. 6. 7. 8.

. . . .

. . . .
288 UNIT 19 ?
UNIT 19 ? 289

Situation Dialogue 2
Hyeonu is asking Minjun about his ideal girlfriend.
: ! ?

: .

: ?

: . .

: ~ ? ?

: . !

: .

Vocabulary
what kind of

style

Yun Eun Hye - an actress who appeared in the TV


miniseries Coffee Prince
like

short hair

[+(modifying adj. ending) straight hair]


long straight hair
? [ different+(modifying adjective ending)
thing+(topic particle)] what else?
[ slim+(modifying adjective ending)] slim
[ well wear+(modifying verb ending) ] a
girl with good fashion sense (Lit. a girl who dresses well)
290 UNIT 19 ?

Oh, I see.

Romanisation and Translation


Hyeonu: Minjuna! Neon eotteon Hey Minjun! What kind of girl
seutairui yeojaga joa? do you like?

Minjun: Eum Yuneunhye gateun Hm.. A girl like Yun Eun Hae.
seutail.

Hyeonu: Geureom danbalmeori? Soyou like short hair?

Minjun: Eo. Nan gin saengmeoriboda Yeah. I prefer short hair to long
danbalmeori seutairi joa. straight hair (Lit: I like short
hair more than long straight
hair).
Hyeonu: A~ geurae? Oh, really?
Geureom dareun geon? What else?

Minjun: Nalssinhan yeoja. A slim girl.


Geurigo ot jal imneun yeoja! And with good fashion sense!

Hyeonu: Geureokuna. Oh, I see.


UNIT 19 ? 291

Vocabulary: Describing People (1)


has blonde hair
has black hair
has short hair
has long hair
Ex.) Mia . Mia has blonde hair.
Mia . Mia has long hair.

moustache
beard
Ex.) Jack . Jack has a moustache.

is pretty
is good-looking
is slim
is thin
is fat
Ex.) Mia . Mia is pretty.
Mia . Mia has pretty eyes.

is tall
is short
is average height
Ex.) Mia . Mia has blonde hair and is tall.
292 UNIT 19 ?

Task 3: Listening
(EXPONENT)
Verb or Adjective stem + Verb or Adjective and
Verb stem + be (Verb)ing

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
today

people

age

age counting unit (years)

very

a little bit

black

blond

hair

mustache

pretty

thin and [Lit. has become thin and]

average; normal(ly)

fat

tall

short and

handsome and

wearing glasses and

tall and

+ as well

? Whom am I going to meet?


UNIT 19 ? 293

+{/} topic particles


Pure-Korean numbers up to 61

You are working for a tour agency. One of your duties is to meet people
from overseas at the airport. Your boss is describing four people whom you
are going to meet today. Identify which is which by writing down the letter
of the picture which corresponds to each dialogue. Ready? Listen!

1. 2. 3. 4.

. . . .

. . . .
294 UNIT 19 ?

Describing with Modifying Adjective Endings:


+{/}
You can modify a noun by placing an adjective (descriptive word) in front, as
in the English interesting film and small bag. The modified noun can be
the subject or object of a sentence. For example:
. I saw an interesting film yesterday.

Adjective Stem + {/} Noun

Rules:
a) If the descriptive word stem ends in a vowel: +
+ cheap

+ big

+ expensive

+ pretty

+ clean

+ crowded; complicated

+ strong

+ weak

b) If it ends in a consonant (except ): +


+ small

+ fine

c) If it ends with : drop +


+ light

+ heavy

+ cute

+ hot(spicy)
UNIT 19 ? 295

+ hot(temperature)

+ cold

d) If it ends with /: +
+ interesting

+ boring

+ delicious

+ bad tasting

Examples:
(1) A: ? How about this one then?

B: . Its a bit big.

? Dont you have a smaller one?

A: * ? How about this one

B: . Its a bit heavy.

? Dont you have a lighter one?

(* The word is a shortened form of [+(topic


particle)]. A is contrasting two things, so the topic particle +{/}
needs to be used for the second one).

(2) A: * ? Who is the longhaired woman?

B: . She is my younger sister.

(*[drop +(modifying adj. ending)])

(3) A: ? Do you like Korean food?

B: , . Yes, I do.

. Except too spicy food.

(4) A: ? Which bag is Young-mis?

B: . The big travel bag over there.


296 UNIT 19 ?

(5) A: . Its cold today.

B: Its best to have a hot coffee on a

. cold day like today, isnt it?

(6) A: ? Shall we go see a movie today?

B: ? Are there any interesting movies


on at the moment?

(7) A: ? What type of man do you like?

B: . Lets see. A handsome and smart

.* man with a good sense of humour.

(*When two or more descriptive words are used together before a noun,
+{/} is attached to the last descriptive word and the other ones are
linked with +: .)

(8) A: ? What is your ideal girl?

B: . A good-natured and cute-acting


girl.
UNIT 19 ? 297

Task 4: Word Check


Describe the words in the right column using the adjectives given below. Try
to use as many adjectives as you can. The first one is done for you.

a. b. c. d.
e. f. g. h.
i. j. k. l.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.
298 UNIT 19 ?

Vocabulary: Describing People (2)


(with Modifying Adjective Endings)

Appearances ()
(blonde girl)

(girl with black hair)


(girl with long hair)

(girl with short hair)

(person with a moustache)

(pretty girl)

(girl with pretty eyes)

(good-looking guy)

(slim girl)

(thin guy)

(fat person)

() () (tall girl)

() () (short guy)

() or (average height person)


(sexy guy)

(well-built guy)

(pure and innocent image)


UNIT 19 ? 299

petite figure

Personality ()

(talkative person)

(person that doesnt talk


much)
(genuine style)

(dependable guy)

() () (girl that acts cute)

(lively personality)

(caring personality)

(intelligent student)

(good-natured guy)

(humorous guy)

(capable/competent girl)

(romantic guy)

(king card) (queen card)


University students criteria for the ideal man or woman
: ( ),
: ,
300 UNIT 19 ?

Task 5: Word Check


Below is a list of Korean celebrities with a description of their ideal type.
Translate the description into English. The first one is done for you.

1.
(friend-like girl)

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Vocabulary
heart; mind double eyelids

hip hop comfortable


understanding
UNIT 19 ? 301

Task 6: Roleplay / ?
You are doing survey on what type of a man or women the opposite sex likes
in the 21st century. Move around the class and ask your classmates.

APPEARANCES PERSONALITY

1. (tall) / 1. (caring) /

2. (short) 2. (talkative)

3. (sexy) 3. (quiet)

4. (slim) 4. (nice; good natured)

5. (strong) 5. (genuine)

6. (cute) 6. (intelligent)

7. (long hair) 7. (humorous)

8. (short hair) 8. (lively)

9. (pretty) 9. (capable)

10. (handsome) 10. (cute acting)

(romantic/has
11. (pure and innocent) 11.
an air about him/her)
12. (rich) 12. (easy-going)

[ ]
A: / ?

B: . /.
302 UNIT 19 ?

Task 7: Listening
(VOCABULARY)
tall petite

sexy slim

strong genuine

long hair straight hair

short hair intelligent

caring handsome

pure and innocent humorous

pretty dependable

has pretty eyes romantic

kind-hearted cute-acting

friend-like understanding

You will hear two dialogues in which people are talking about their ideal
girl and boy. Write the three characteristics that each uses to describe their
ideal in English.

(Dialogue) 1

(Dialogue) 2

UNIT 19 ? 303
304 UNIT 19 ?
UNIT 19 ? 305

Situation Dialogue 3
Amanda is buying sneakers in a shoe shop.
: ?

: .

: ?

: .

: .

: . ?

: ?

? ?

: , .

: ?

: , .

Vocabulary
? [ look for+(honorific present tense ending)]
looking for
[ look for+(soft sentence ending)]
looking for
size

? Would you mind telling me ...?


[phrase for asking strangers personal questions]
[ wear+ try] try on (shoes)
[ this+ one+(topic particle)] this one
? How is it?
306 UNIT 19 ?

[ small+(soft sentence ending)]


a bit small
[ more big+ thing] bigger one
? Do you like it? (honorific)

[ okay+(exclamatory ending)] okay


[ this one + one of A] one of this; a pair of these
* is a variation of .
? [ wrap + for you + shall]
Shall I wrap (it) for you?
[ wrap + please (for me)] please wrap it

Romanisation and Translation


Shop assistant: Mwo chajeuseyo? What are you looking for?

Amanda: Undonghwa channeundeyo. Im looking for some


sneakers.

Shop assistant: Saijeuga eotteoke doeseyo? Whats your size?

Amanda: Jal moreugesseoyo. Im not sure.

Shop assistant: Geureom igeo hanbeon Then try these on.


sineo boseyo. Eotteoseyo? How are they?

Amanda: Jom jageundeyo. They are a bit small.


Deo keun geo eopseoyo? Do (Lit. Dont) you have
anything bigger?

Shop assistant: Keun geoyo? Bigger?


Igeon eotteoseyo? How about these?
Maeume deuseyo? Do you like them?
UNIT 19 ? 307

Amanda: Ne, gwaenchanneyo. Yes, theyre okay.

Shop assistant: Geureom igeollo Would you like to take a pair


hasigesseoyo? of these then?

Amanda: Ne, igeollo ssa juseyo. Yes, Ill take this pair, please.
(Lit. Yes, please package
these for me.)
308 UNIT 19 ?

Soft Sentence Endings: +{/}


The ending +{/} softens the sentence, making it more polite. The
use of +{/} with adjectives is particularly common. For example,
when you ask the price of something at a market stall and think its a bit
expensive, you may say . It is grammatically correct to say
, which has exactly the same English meaning, however, using the
softer form, , shows you have some concern for their feelings and
you are not trying to be rude. (Also, it softens potential bluntness in negative
comments.) Thus, by using this form you are more likely to successfully
negotiate a lower price. On the other hand, if you think that the stall holders
price is unreasonable and you are not interested in buying, you could drop the
softened ending and say .

Using the +(/) form with adjectives is a direct or objective way of


describing something. It is safe to use it if you are complimenting someone or
making a positive statement about something. For example:
(This book is interesting). But if there could be a negative
connotation, a Korean would soften it: (This book is
a bit boring). In English you would get the same effect by using a certain tone
of voice or hesitating mid-sentence, or adding the words a bit to the
description (The Korean soft ending form is often used in combination with
the word , which means a (little) bit).

1) Present tense rules:

Adjective Stem +{/}


Verb Stem +
Noun
+{/}
UNIT 19 ? 309

a) After an adjective stem:


If it ends in a vowel: +
A: ? Are you busy today?

B: , . Im afraid I am busy today.

If it ends in a consonant (except ): +


A: ? How would you like this one?

B: . Its a bit small.

If it ends with : drop +


A: ? Its hot, isnt it?

B: , . Yes, a little bit.

If it ends with /: +
A: ? This movie is interesting, isnt it?

B: . Um

. its not that interesting for me.

b) After a verb stem: +


. You speak Korean well.

c) After a noun:
If it ends in a vowel: + (applied only in colloquial speech.
Otherwise, use +.)
A: , ? Hello, is Michael there?

B: . Speaking.

If it ends in a consonant: +
A: ? Who is that (person over there)?

B: . ?. Its my younger sister/brother. Why


(do you ask)?
310 UNIT 19 ?

Examples:
(1) A: ? Is that Korea university?

B: . . No, youve got the wrong


number.

(2) A: ? How would you like this one?

B: . Well... I dont really fancy it.

*.
(*+)

(3) A: ? What are you doing at the


moment?
B: . Nothing.

(4) A: . I have a favour to ask.

? Can you help me, please?

B: ? What is it?

(5) A: ? Dont you have a present for


me?
B: ? . A present? No.

(6) A: ? Are you free at the moment?

B: , ! Oh, sorry (Lit: What do do)! Im

. afraid I have to go to the library.

(7) A: ? You havent had lunch yet, have

. you? Lets have pizza.

B: . Umm Ive already eaten,


actually.
UNIT 19 ? 311

2) Past tense rules:

Verb or Adjective Stem +(/)


Noun +{/}

a) After a verb or adjective stem:


If the last vowel is or : +
A: ? . Oh, its raining. I didnt bring an

. umbrella.

B: . . Dont worry. I have one.

If the last vowel of the verb stem is not or : +


A: ? You havent had dinner, have you?

B: . Im afraid I have.

If it ends with : drop +


A: ? The exam was hard, wasnt it?

B: , . Nope, it was easy.

b) After a noun:
If it ends in a vowel: +
A: ? Today is Young-mis birthday, isnt
it?
B: , . No, it was yesterday.

If it ends in a consonant: +
A: . I have brought an application.

B: . The deadline was yesterday


(unfortunately).
312 UNIT 19 ?

Examples:
(1) A: ? Excuse me, I suppose you havent
eaten dinner yet?
B: . No, I havent

A: . I bought sushi.

B: , . Oh my, my favourite.

(2) A: ? Do you have milk?

B: . Weve run out of it (Im afraid).

(3) A: ? Did our team win?

B: , . No, we lost.

(4) A: ? Have you finished the assignment?

B: , . No, not yet.


UNIT 19 ? 313

Task 8: Roleplay
A: You are a discerning shopper looking for a bag. Using the soft ending
+{/}, reject each of the bags with one of the reasons provided
below.
B: You are a shop assistant in a bag shop dealing with quite a fussy
customer. The customer will reject all the bags you show them. Write
down the letters of the reasons in the blanks.

REASONS:
a. d.
b. e.
c. f.

1. 2. 3.

[ ]
: . ?
: ?
: , . ?
: .
: , ?
314 UNIT 19 ?

Making a Suggestion: +(/) Try ...ing


When you want to suggest that someone should try doing something, use the
form:

Verb Stem +(/) (Casual)

Verb Stem +(/) (Polite)

Verb Stem +(/) (Honorific)

This form literally implies that you do something and then see (//
) what the outcome is.

If you already know the casual present tense form of a verb, it is very easy to
create this form. Just add , or to the casual present tense form:

Have a read

Have a listen

Try this (food)

Try these (glasses) on

Try these (gloves) on

Try this (tie or belt) on

Rules:
a) If the last vowel of the verb stem is or : +
. Try sitting down here.

( When we want to speak to someone, we might say:


Sit down here for a moment (and Ill tell you something).)
UNIT 19 ? 315

b) If the last vowel is not or : +


. Try this (clothing) on.

c) If the verb stem ends in : changes to


. Have a think about it.

Examples:
(1) . Try skydiving.

. It is fun.

(2) . Meet him/her (and see how it turns


out).

(3) . Go ahead and talk.

(4) A: ? You havent seen my bag?

B: . Go over there and try to find it.

(5) . This is a new beer. (Lit: newly

. released, newly come out).


Try it and see if you like it.

(6) . Try these on. (for shoes or socks)

Note: This form does not always mean try, but suggests that the person will
experience something new or have gained new information/experience after
the action.
316 UNIT 19 ?

Task 9: Word Check


Read the following list of expressions for offering services.

a. f.
b. g.
c. h.
d. i.
e.

Write down an appropriate expression to follow each of the sentences below.


The first one is done for you.

1. . .

2. (comfortable).

3. (trendy).

4. (gloves) .

5. .

6. .

7. (classy).

8. MP3 (sound quality) .

9. (novel) .
UNIT 19 ? 317

Task 10: Roleplay .


A: You are a shop assistant in the shops below. Ask the customer what s/he
is looking for and suggest they try it.

B: You are the customer.

Shop Items Shop Items

/ pants boots

skirt leather
shoes

bread sofa

beverage chair

fruit desk

glasses MP3 MP3


player
sunglasses

gloves novel

neck-tie comic

belt magazine

[ ]
A: ?

B: [ ] .

A: ? [ (comfortable) ].
[ ].
318 UNIT 19 ?

Task 11: Listening


(VOCABULARY)
[this+side+in] over here
formal expression of
[newly released thing+(soft sentence
ending)] This is a new model
sound quality

[listen+ try] have a listen


[good+(exclamatory ending)] good
[expensive +(soft sentence ending)]
expensive
[cheap +(modifying adjective ending) thing]
cheaper one
[okay+(exclamatory ending)] all right
[light+and] light and
[very stylish+(soft sentence
ending)] stylish

? Would you like one of this?

Ill take it.

[buy+ for you+will] Ill buy (it) for you


birthday present

[okay +(soft sentence ending)]


You dont have to.
[really buy+ for you+ want to+
because] I really want to buy it for you.
[well use+will] Thanks. (Lit. Ill make a
good use out of it.)
UNIT 19 ? 319

[gift wrap+ ?shall I]


? Do you want it gift-wrapped?

. [wrap+ please] Could you wrap it?


, . No, its all right.

Give it to me as is.

You will hear a dialogue between Minseo (female), Jihun (male) and an
electronic shop assistant. Answer the following questions in English.

1. Who is making the purchase?

2. What is it being bought?

3. What did the shop assistant say about the new model?

4. Why was the new model declined?

5. What did Minseo and Jihun say about the second one shown to them?

Minseo:

Jihun:

6. Who is paying? Why?


320 UNIT 19 ?

Task 12: Reading Comprehension


Susan is writing an email to her friend in Korea about her recent trip to Phillip
Island.

? .

(Philip Island) .

(Melbourne) 2 ,

. 30 .
.

. .

UNIT 19 ? 321

Vocabulary
addressee

subject; topic

animal

these days

[ news+(subject particle) there is no+() so]


I havent heard from you (Lit: there hasnt been any news)
[ curious +(casual present tense ending)]
wonder about
[ take+(connector for adding extra information)] takes
[ see+ to go+(casual past tense ending)] went to see
height

about

[ world+ in] in the world


the most

[ small+(modifying adjective ending)] small


[ night+ at+ only] only at night
seashore

[ come out + because] because (they) come out


[ see+ can] can see
tourist

among

[ famous+ so] famous so


[ know+ I guess ] I guess youll know
brown

jump

grey
322 UNIT 19 ?

[ be+(connector for adding extra information)] is and


tree

[ slow+ and] slow and


[ sleep+ +(past progressive tense ending)]
was sleeping
[ feel sleepy+(casual present tense ending)]sleepy

Comprehension Questions (Answer in Korean.)


1. Why was Susan curious?

2. How far away from Melbourne is Philip Island?

3. Who did she go with and why?

4. How big are the penguins there?

5. How does Susan describe Kangaroos?

6. How does she describe Koalas?


20
?

Unit Focus:
Describing People, Animals and Things (II)

o Vocabulary: Colour Terms

o Describing with Modifying Verb Endings

Past Tense: Verb Stem +{/}


Present Tense: Verb Stem +
Future Tense: Verb Stem +{/}
324 UNIT 20 ?
UNIT 20 ? 325

Situation Dialogue 1
Amanda is at a lost property office asking if her bag has been handed in.
: , .

: ?

: .

: ?

: , .

: , ?

: , .

: , ?

: , .

: ?

: .

: ! , .

. .

Vocabulary
[ lost item ] lost item
bag

[ lose+(past tense soft ending)]


(I) have lost
? [ what kind thing is?]
What kind of (bag) is it?
[ black colour] black
326 UNIT 20 ?

leather

this (one) (colloquial form of )

[ that one + than] (more) than that

[ worn +(past tense ending)] aged/worn

? [ this +() ? (question ending could it be)]


Is this it? (Lit. Could this be it?)

[ right; correct +(present tense ending)] (Thats)


right
A B [A+{/}(subject particle) B inside
contained]
(A) is inside (B)

[ electronic dictionary] electronic dictionary

[ right; correct +(exclamatory ending)] Thats


right!
[ sign+ please] please sign

Romanisation and Translation


Amanda: Jeo, gabangeul Ive lost my bag.
ireobeoryeonneundeyo.

Receptionist: Eotteon geoyeyo? What kind of bag is it?

Amanda: Kkaman saek gajuk Its a black leather bag.


gabangindeyo.

Receptionist: Igeoyeyo? Is it this one?


Amanda: Aniyo, geugeotboda jom No, its a bit bigger than that.
keoyo.
UNIT 20 ? 327

Receptionist: Geureomyeon, ieogeoyeyo? Then, is this one yours?


Amanda: Aniyo, geugeotboda jom No, it's a bit more worn out
nalgasseoyo. than that. (Lit. No, it has aged
a bit more than that.)

Receptionist: Geureomyeon, igeongayo? Then, is this yours?

Amanda: Ne, majayo. Yes, thats the right one.


Receptionist: Ane mwoga deureo isseoyo? Can you tell me whats
inside? (Lit. What is inside?)

Amanda: Hangugeo chaekago Theres a Korean textbook


jeonjasajeoniyo. and an electronic dictionary.

Receptionist: A! Ne, manneyo. Yes! Thats right.


Yeogi itseumnida. Here you are.
Geurigo yeogi sainhae And could you please sign
juseyo. here.
328 UNIT 20 ?

Vocabulary: Colour Terms


/ colour

/ white

/ black

red

1 blue

yellow

/ green

/ 2 pink

/ orange

grey

/ 3 brown

purple

violet

gold

silver

rainbow (, , , , , (indigo), )

Note 1: is also used sometimes to describe the colour green. In


ancient Korean there were only five pure colour words, so
was used to denote both blue and green.
Note 2: Younger people tend to use rather than , which has
an old fashioned connotation.
Note 3: literally means chestnut colour.
UNIT 20 ? 329

Task 1: Word Check


Match these colours with their English equivalents below. The first one is
done for you.
a. / g. /
b. h.
c. i. /
d. j. /
e. / k.
f. / l.

1. white /

2. black

3. red

4. yellow

5. blue

6. green

7. brown

8. grey

9. pink

10. orange

11. violet

12. purple
330 UNIT 20 ?

Task 2: Roleplay
A: Choose an item from the list below. You have left this on the bus so you
go to the lost property office to try and find it. Describe the lost item.

B: You are working in the lost property office at the bus station. Refer to
the example dialogue.

ITEMS

1. wallet/purse 5. Visa card

2. bag 6. mobile phone

3. gloves 7. sunglasses

4. student card 8. umbrella

[ ]
A: , [ ] .

B: ?

A: [ ].

B: ?

A: , [ ].

B: , ?

A: , [ ].

B: , ?

A: , .

B: ?

A: [ ].

B: ! , . .
UNIT 20 ? 331

Vocabulary
(I) have lost

? What kind of (bag) is it?

black

leather

this (one)

(more) than that

aged/worn

() (it is) a new one

smaller

bigger

darker

lighter

? Is this it? (Lit. Could this be it?)

(thats) right

A{/} B (A) is inside (B)

electronic dictionary

right!

/ mobile phone

() (glasses) frame

folding umbrella

/ brand

big

small
332 UNIT 20 ?

Task 3: Word Check


Match these items with their English equivalents. The first one is done for
you.
a. b. c. d.
e. f. g. h.

1. Visa card

2. bag

3. gloves

4. mobile phone

5. sunglasses

6. student card

7. umbrella

8. wallet/purse

Fill in the blanks with the words that would best complete each sentence.
There may be more than one correct answer.

1. ____________ ?

2. ____________ ? , ?

3. ____________ (frame) ?

4. ____________ (folding one)?

5. ____________ .

6. ____________ ?

7. (wool) ____________, 2 .
UNIT 20 ? 333

Task 4: Listening
(EXPONENT)
A+{/} I have lost A

(ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY)
bag umbrella

gloves sunglasses

small big

new one frame

worn big

bigger leather

white folding one

this (one) black

red yellow

blue what sort of

that's right a little bit

You will hear people describing things that they have lost. Identify the
correct item for each person and write down its letter. Ready? Listen!
1. 2. 3. 4.

. blue . yellow . black (frame) . white (frame)

. red . blue . brown . black


334 UNIT 20 ?

Task 5: Reading Comprehension


This is a lost property form that Paul has filled out for something he lost on
the No. 2 subway line.

Paul Smith ( )

* ( N0995000)

2009 5 16


(*resident registration number / passport)

Comprehension Questions (Answer in Korean.)

1. What did Paul lose?

2. Where did he lose it?

3. What colour was it?

4. What was inside it?


UNIT 20 ? 335
336 UNIT 20 ?
UNIT 20 ? 337

Situation Dialogue 2
Minjun asks his friend Hyeonu about some pretty girls that he doesnt know.
: ?

: ?

: , .

: , .

: ?

: ? , . .

: ? .

Vocabulary
A [A with] with A

[ talk+(modifying verb ending) person]


the person talking
? [ who+ is] Whos that?

[ glasses wear+(modifying verb ending)]


wearing glasses
[ tall+(modifying adjective ending) ]
tall person
[ long+(modifying adj. ending) skirt]
long skirt

[ skirt wear+(modifying verb ending)


woman] the woman wearing the skirt
(Lit. the female who has put on a long skirt)
? [ who+(soft ending)] Whos that?
338 UNIT 20 ?

[ pretty+(soft ending)] pretty


( is often pronounced , creating the
casual/non-standard version .)

Romanisation and Translation


Minjun: Jeogi Polhago iyagihaneun Whos person that talking to
saram nuguya? Paul?

Hyeonu: Nugu? Which one? (Lit. Who?)

Minjun: Angyeong kkin ki keun saram. The tall one, with glasses.

Hyeonu: A, Amanda dongsaengiya. Ah, thats Amanda's younger


sister (Lit. younger sibling).

Minjun: Geureom jeogi gin chima ibeun Then whos the girl over there
yeojaneun nugunde? in the long skirt (Lit. who has
put the long skirt on)?

Hyeonu: Nugu? A, Sujan. Who? Ah, Susan.


Pol yeoja chinguya. Shes Pauls girlfriend.

Minjun: Geurae? Yeppeunde. Yeah? Shes pretty.


UNIT 20 ? 339
340 UNIT 20 ?

Describing with Modifying Verb Endings


English has expressions like How was the movie (that) you saw yesterday?
In the equivalent Korean expression, the clause (in bold) goes in front of the
noun it modifies: ?.When we are using a verb in a
modifying phrase, it is necessary to take into account the tense of the verb:

Verb Stem +{/} (Past Tense)

Verb Stem + (Present Tense)

Verb Stem +{/} (Future Tense)

1) Past Tense: +{/}


a) If the verb stem ends in a vowel: +
+ met

+ saw

b) If it ends in a consonant: +
+ ate

+ read

+ has put on

2) Present Tense: +
+ is meeting

+ is watching

+ is eating

+ is reading

+ is putting on

+ is talking
UNIT 20 ? 341

3) Future Tense: +{/}


a) If the verb stem ends in a vowel: +
+ will meet

+ will see

+ will live

b) If it ends in a consonant: +
+ will eat

+ will read

+ will put on

Examples:
(1a) movie
(1b) the movie we saw
(1c) the movie we saw yesterday
(1d) The movie we saw yesterday
was very boring. .

(2a) person
(2b) the person talking
(2c) the person talking to Paul
(2d) The person talking to Paul
is my friend. .

(3a) house
(3b) the house where we will live
(3c) That is the house where we will live. * .
(* is the shortened form of ( + subject particle ).
Similarly, you can say () this (one), () that
(one) and ( ) which one.)
342 UNIT 20 ?

(4) A: ? Whats the time now?


B: . Half past eight.
A: , . Oh, theres a Korean film on
. soon. (Lit. Oh, it will be time for
a Korean film.)
Switch on the TV.

(5) A: ? What side dish do you like?


B: , . I like all of them.
A: ? Which you like best (Lit. in
particular)?
B: . Tteokbokki.
A: , ? Then, is there anything you
dont like?
B: . No, there isnt.

(6) A: , . Hey, get up now (Lit. quickly).


. Its time to go to school.
B: , 5 . Augh let me sleep just five
more minutes.

(7) A: What kind of guy do you like?


?
B: . Tall guys who dont lie.
? What about you?
A: . I like guys that can cook well.

(8) A: I need to talk to you (Lit. I have


. something to say to you).
Can I meet you? (Lit. Lets meet
for a moment.)
B: . All right.
UNIT 20 ? 343

Task 6: Word Check


Match the list of expressions describing people with their English
equivalents. The first one is done for you.

a. f.
b. g.
c. h.
d. i.
e. j.

1. the man with glasses

2. the woman wearing earrings

3. the man drinking alcohol

4. the woman wearing a long skirt

5. the man with a moustache

6. the man wearing shorts

7. the woman dancing

8. the person eating grapes

9. the man wearing a suit

10. the person talking to Tom


344 UNIT 20 ?

Task 7: Roleplay ?
A: Suppose that you are at a friends party. There are some people who you
dont know well. Ask B their names by describing them.

B: Suppose that you are at a friends party. You know all the people at the
party. Answer As questions.

1. Sandy 2. John 3. Steve 4. Paul


5. Monique 6. Martin 7. Helena

[ ]
A: ?
B: ?
A: , . (OR )
B: , ! .
UNIT 20 ? 345

Vocabulary
1. long straight hair

short hair

curly hair

bald

2. [] the woman wearing a skirt ( , )


trousers

shorts

jeans

one-piece dress

suit

3. [] the person wearing glasses

ring

gloves

4. [] the girl wearing earrings

necklace

bracelet

5. [] the person wearing a hat

6. [] the man with moustache

beard

tattoo

7. [] the person drinking water


346 UNIT 20 ?

Task 8: Listening
(VOCABULARY)
the person wearing a skirt

shorts

jeans

black suit

curly hair

bald

the person talking

the person wearing glasses

You will hear the dialogue in which two people are describing four people:
Susan, John, Helena and Paul. Write down the names of these people on the
drawing of each person below which represents him or her best.
UNIT 20 ? 347
348 UNIT 20 ?
UNIT 20 ? 349

Situation Dialogue 3
Minjun is asking Hyeonu whether he knows anyone who is interested in
working at a Korean restaurant.
: ?

: .

: ?

: ... ?

: ?

: , .

: ?

: ?

: , .

, .

Vocabulary
[ serve+(modifying verb ending) ]
waiter(s) (Lit. person who will serve customers)
[ look for; find +(connector for adding extra
information)] looking for
? [ interest have] have interest (in)?
[ have+ but] I have, but
350 UNIT 20 ?

[ part-time work look for; find +(modifying


verb ending) ] friends who are looking for
part-time work
? [ investigate/inquire about +?shall I]
shall I ask around?
? Could you (do that for me)?
(Lit. Do you wanna do that for me?)
[ there is+(exclamatory ending)] there is; have
? [ know+?(tag question ending)] (you) know,
right?
[ Japanese study+(modifying verb
ending) young person; child] the guy or girl who
studies Japanese
he/she (casual) [Note. is a shortened form of
(that guy or girl) and cannot be used to refer to
someone who is older/more senior to you.]
[ Korean do+ because]
since/because/considering she speaks Korean
(Its/Thats) great!

[ ask + do for me +(casual ending)]


Please ask (her/him) (for me)

Romanisation and Translation


Minjun: Hanguk sikdangeseo seobinghal Theyre looking for waiters for
saram channeunde neo gwansim a Korean restaurant. Would
isseo? you be interested?
(Lit. Are you interested?)

Hyeonu: Gwansimeun inneunde sigani Yeah, but I dont have time.


eopseo.
UNIT 20 ? 351

Minjun: Geureom alba channeun chingu Are any of your friends


eopseo? looking for a job, then?
Hyeonu: Geulsse... naega ara bolkka? Well I can ask around.
(Lit. Shall I ask around?)
Minjun: Geurae jullae? Could you?
Hyeonu: A, itda. Ah, theres one!
Minjun: Nugu? Who?
Hyeonu: Neo Sujan alji? You know Susan, dont you?
Hangugeohago ilboneo The girl who studies Korean
gongbuhaneun ae. and Japanese.

Minjun: A, Sujan. Oh, Susan!


Geurae, gyae hangugeo hanikka Yeah, thats great, cos she
jal dwaetda. Geureom hanbeon speaks Korean! Can you
mureo bwa jwo. please ask her (Lit: Please ask
her for me)?
352 UNIT 20 ?

Task 9: Roleplay ?
The class will be divided into groups. Using the first example dialogue, find
out who in your group has done, is doing, or will do the activities below.
Write the number of people for each activity in the appropriate cell. Use the
second dialogue to fill out the same details for another group.

[ 1]
A: ? (polite) OR
? (casual)?
B: . (polite) / . (casual)

[ 2]
A: ?
B: (2 people)./ .(all)/ .(no one)

Past Activities

1. ?

2. ?

3. ?

4. ?

5. (recently) ?

6. ?

7. ?
UNIT 20 ? 353

Present/Habitual Activities

8. ?

9. ?

10. ?

11. 100 ?

12. (contact lens) ?

13. ?

14. ?

Future Activities

15. ?

16. ?

17. ?

18. ?

19. ?

20. (play) ?
354 UNIT 20 ?

Task 10: Reading Comprehension


Susans Korean friend is arriving from overseas tomorrow. Susan had
originally agreed to meet her at the airport but something came up. She has
now arranged for someone else to go instead. The following is her email
explaining the situation and describing the person who will pick her friend up
at the airport.

? 6 40 ?

. .

(Lisa) .

. .

! !
UNIT 20 ? 355

Vocabulary
pick-up

? How have you been? / How are you going?

arrival

... is ..., isnt it?

[ sorry+ but] I am sorry but


[ unable go out +(future) probably/it
seems] probably wont be able to go
cold

() [ seriously get caught +(past tense)]


have a (serious)
but

[( worry + dont) ] dont worry


instead

[ go out+ be going to; will be ing] will be


going (to meet you)
+{} [ is+ and] is and (When a noun ends in a vowel, +
is used, but + can be used instead for emphasis.)
blonde

coat

[ wear+ and ] wear and


[ crowded+ because] crowded, so
() international flights

[ arrive+(modifying verb ending) place]


arrival place
[ wait + be going to; will be ing] will be
waiting
[ similarly look+ because] look
356 UNIT 20 ?

similar, so

immediately

[ recognise + be going to] will be able to


recognise

Comprehension Questions (Answer in Korean.)

1. Why cant Susan pick Min-A up from the airport?

2. Who will pick Min-A up instead? What is her name and age?

3. What does the person that will pick up Min-A look like?

4. Where will Min-A meet her?

5. Will Min-A recognise her easily? Why?


TRANSCRIPT
OF
LISTENING
TASKS
358 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

Unit 11, Task 1


A : ?
B : , . .
. .
.
A : ?
B : , . .
A : ?
B : . .
.
A : ?
B : , .

Unit 11, Task 4


(Dialogue) 1
: , . .
: . , . .

(Dialogue) 2
: , . .
: . .
.

(Dialogue) 3
: , . .
: .
: , . .
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 359

(Dialogue) 4
: , . .
: .
: . .

(Dialogue) 5
: , . ?
: ? .
: ?
.
.
.

(Dialogue) 6
: , . .
: .
: ?
: , . .

Unit 12, Task 2


(Dialogue) 1
: .
: ?
: , .
: .
: , . .
360 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

: ?
: , ? .

(A minute later)
: . ?
: , . .

(Dialogue) 2
: .
: ?
: , .
: , ?
: . .
: , ?
: , .
: ?
: . ?
: , .

(Dialogue) 3
: ?
: ?
: , . , ?
: ?
: , . ?
: .
: , .
?
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 361

: , . .
: .
: . .
: , .

Unit 12, Task 5


(Dialogue) 1
A : ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 2
A : ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 3
A : ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 4
A : ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 5
A : ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 6
A : ?
362 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

B : ,

Unit 12, Task 7


(Dialogue) 1
A : ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 2
A : ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 3
A : . ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 4
A : . ?
B : . .

(Dialogue) 5
A : ?
B : . .

(Dialogue) 6
A : . .
B : , .
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 363

(Dialogue) 7
A : ?
B : . ?
A : ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 8
A : ?
B : , ?
A : , ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 9
A : , ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 10
A : , ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 11
A : , ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 12
A : , ?
B : , .
364 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

Unit 12, Task 8


(Dialogue) 1
: , ?
: , . .

(Dialogue) 2
: , ?
: , . . .

(Dialogue) 3
: , ?
: , . .

(Dialogue) 4
: , ?
: , . , ?
: ?
: . .

Unit 13, Task 3


(Dialogue) 1
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 2
A : ?
B : .
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 365

(Dialogue) 3
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 4
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 5
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 6
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 7
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 8
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 9
A : ?
B : .
366 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

(Dialogue) 10
A : ?
B : .

Unit 13, Task 7


: , ?
: Our House .
: ?
: .
: ?
: .
: ?
: The Burden of Proof .
: ?
: . ?
: Cold Steel The Simpsons .
: ?
: Cold Steel .
The Simpsons .

Unit 14, Task 2


(Dialogue) 1
: ?
: , .
: ?
: . ?
: ?
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 367

: ? .
: ?
: , .

(Dialogue) 2
: ?
: , .
: ?
: . ?
: ?
: ? , .
: ?
: ? , .

(Dialogue) 3
: ?

: , . ?

: , . ?

: . ?

: , . ?

: , ?

: , .
368 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

Unit 14, Task 3


(Dialogue) 1
A : ?
B : , .
A : ?
B :

(Dialogue) 2
A : ?
B : , .
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 3
A : ?
B : , .
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 4
A : ?
B : , .
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 5
A : ?
B : , .
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 369

A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 6
A : ?
B : , .
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 7
A : ?
B : , .
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 8
A : ?
B : , .
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 9
A : ?
B : , .
A : ?
B : .
370 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

(Dialogue) 10
A : ?
B : , .
A : ?
B : .

Unit 14, Task 7


(Dialogue) 1
A : ?
B : .
A : .
B : Jurassic Park .
A : Jurassic Park .
Jurassic Park The Piano .

(Dialogue) 2
A : ?
B : .
A : .
B : .
A : . .

(Dialogue) 3
A : ?
B : .
A : . .
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 371

(Dialogue) 4
A : , ?
B : .
A : , ?
B : , .
A : , .

Unit 14, Task 10


(Dialogue) 1
: , ?
: , .
: ?
: , . ?
: , . , ?
: , . .
?
: . .
: , . , ?
: , . ?
: . , .

(Dialogue) 2
: , ?
: ? ?
: , .
: ?
: . . ?
: . .
372 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

, .
: . , .
: . , ?
: . .
: .
.
: .

Unit 15, Task 2


(Dialogue) 1
A: ?
B: .

(Dialogue) 2
A: ?
B: .

(Dialogue) 3
A: ?
B: . ?
A: .

(Dialogue) 4
A: ?
B: . ?
A: .
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 373

(Dialogue) 5
A: ?
B: , .
A: ? ?
B: .

(Dialogue) 6
A: ?
B: , . ?
A: . .

Unit 15, Task 5


(Dialogue) 1
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 2
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 3
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 4
A : ?
B : .
374 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

(Dialogue) 5
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 6
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 7
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 8
A : ?
B : .

Unit 15, Task 11


: ?
: .
: . ?
: .
.
?
: .
?
: . .
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 375

Unit 16, Task 2


(Dialogue) 1
: ?
(information) : .

(Dialogue) 2
: ?
: .

(Dialogue) 3
: ?
: .

(Dialogue) 4
: ?
: .

(Dialogue) 5
: ?
: .

(Dialogue) 6
: ?
: .

Unit 16, Task 3


(Dialogue) 1
: ?
376 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

: .
: .

(Dialogue) 2
: ?
: .
: .

(Dialogue) 3
: ?
: .
: .

(Dialogue) 4
: ?
: .
: .

(Dialogue) 5
: ?
: .
: .

(Dialogue) 6
: ?
: .
: .
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 377

(Dialogue) 7
: ?
: .
: .

(Dialogue) 8
: ?
: .
: .

(Dialogue) 9
: ?
: .
: .

(Dialogue) 10
: ?
: .
: .

Unit 16, Task 5


(Dialogue) 1
: ?
: . .

(Dialogue) 2
: ?
: . .
378 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

(Dialogue) 3
: ?
: . .

(Dialogue) 4
: ?
: . .

Unit 16, Task 6


(Dialogue) 1
: ?
: . .

(Dialogue) 2
: ?
: . .

(Dialogue) 3
: ?
: . .

(Dialogue) 4
: ?
: . .

Unit 16, Task 9


(Dialogue) 1
A : ?
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 379

B : .

(Dialogue) 2
A : ?
B : .
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 3
A : ?
B : .
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 4
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 5
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 6
A : ?
B : .
380 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

Unit 17, Task 4


: , ?
: .
: ?
: .
: , . , ?
: .
: ,
?
: .
: . .
: .
: , . , ?
: .
: , ?
: , . .
, ?
: .
:
?
: , . .
?
: .

Unit 17, Task 6


(Dialogue) 1
: , ?
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 381

: Richmond .
: ?
: .
: .
: .

(Dialogue) 2
: ,
?
: Boxhill .
: ?
: .
: .
: .

(Dialogue) 3
: , ?
: Glen Waverley .
: ?
: .
: .
: .

(Dialogue) 4
: , ?
: Hawthorn .
: ?
: .
382 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

: .
: .

(Dialogue) 5
: , ?
: Clayton .
: ?
: .
: .
: .

Unit 17, Task 8


(Self-introduction) 1
.
. .
. .

(Self-introduction) 2
.
. .
. .

(Self-introduction) 3
.
. .
. .

(Self-introduction) 4
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 383

.
. .
. .

Unit 17, Task 12


(Self-introduction) 1
. .
.

.
.

.
.

.
.

(Self-introduction) 2
. .
.

.
.

.
.
384 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

.
.

(Self-introduction) 3
. .
.

.
.

.
.

.
.

(Self-introduction) 4
. .
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 385

Unit 17, Task 13


: , ?
: .
: ?
: .
: , . , ?
: .
: .
:
.
: , . .
,...
?
: , .
.
: ?
: , . .

Unit 18, Task 3


1. . 2. .
3. . 4. .
5. . 6. .
7. . 8. .
9. . 10. .
11. . 12. .
386 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

Unit 18, Task 4


1. . .
2. . --FALSE-- .
3. . .
4. . --FALSE-- .
5. . --FALSE-- .
6. . .
7. . --FALSE--
8. .
9. . --FALSE-- .
10. . .
11. . .
12. . --FALSE-- .
13. . .
14. . .
15. . .

Unit 18, Task 5


(Dialogue) 1
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 2
A : ?
B : .
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 387

(Dialogue) 3
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 4
A : .
B : .

(Dialogue) 5
A : ?
B : .

(Dialogue) 6
A : .
B : , .

Unit 18, Task 7


: ?
Paul: .
: ? ? ?
Paul: ... .
.
: ?
Paul: , .
: ? ?
Paul: , .
.
388 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

Unit 18, Task 9


(Dialogue) 1
: ?
: .
: .

(Dialogue) 2
: ?
: .
: . .

(Dialogue) 3
: ?
: .
: . .

Unit 18, Task 12


(Dialogue) 1
A : ?
B : .
A : ?
B : , .
A : ?
B : , . .

(Dialogue) 2
A : ?
B : .
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 389

A : ?
B : . .

(Dialogue) 3
A : ?
B : .
A : ?
B : , .

(Dialogue) 4
A : ?
B : .
A : ?
B : , , .
.

Unit 18, Task 13


.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
390 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

Unit 19, Task 2


1. . , . .

2. . . .

3. . . .

4. . .

5. . .

6. . .

7. . .

8. . .

Unit 19, Task 3


(Dialogue) 1
A : ?
B : .
, .

(Dialogue) 2
A : ?
B : . , , .
.
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 391

(Dialogue) 3
A : ?
B : . ,
.

(Dialogue) 4
A : ?
B : . , .
.

Unit 19, Task 7


(Dialogue) 1
: ! ?

: ? , .

: , . !

: . .

: ?

: , .

: , .

, ! .

: ! ?

: , .

(Dialogue) 2
: ! ?
392 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

: ? , .

: , . !

: .

: , ?

: , .

: , .

, ! .

: ! ?

: , .

Unit 19, Task 11


: . ?
: MP3 .
: MP3 .
: , .
: ? ...
: ?
: . .
: , .
. ?
: , ?
: .
: .
: , ?
: , .
TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS 393

: .
: . .
: .
: ...
: .
: , . .
: ?
: , . .

Unit 20, Task 4


(Dialogue) 1
A : , .
B : ?
A : .
B : ?
A : , .
B : ?
A : , .

(Dialogue) 2
A : , .
B : .
A : .
B : ?
A : .
B : ?
A : , .
394 TRANSCRIPT OF LISTENING TASKS

(Dialogue) 3
A : , .
B : ?
A : .
B : ?
A : , .

(Dialogue) 4
A : , .
B : ?
A : .
B : ?
A : , .

Unit 20, Task 8


A: ?
B: ?
A: ?
B: , . .
A: , , ?
B: .
A: ?
B: ?
A: .
B: . .
A: , . , ?
B: .
A: , .
KOREAN EDITING SYMBOLS & HANDWRITING SHEET

Korean Editing Symbols


Symbols Meaning Example

Add a space
or or

Delete a space
or or

Delete

or
Insert or

Replace

Replace or
or

Change word
order

Cannot
understand
Surname: Given Names: page of

240 blocks

( ) words on this page


Korean Keyboard Layout