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A/603206

Theories of
International
Relations
Fifth Edition

Scott Burchill
Andrew Linklater
Richard Devetak
Jack Donnelly
Terry Nardin
Matthew Paterson
Christian Reus-Smit
Jacqui True

palgrave
macmillan
Contents

Preface to the Fifth Edition viii


List of Abbreviations ix

1. Introduction 1
Scott Burchill and Andrew Linklater
Frameworks of analysis 1
Diversity of theory 2
Contested nature 5
The foundation of the discipline of International Relations 6
Theories and disciplines 9
Explanatory and constitutive theory 16
Interdiscplinary theory 19
What do theories differ about? 20
Evaluating theories 26
2. Realism 32 ,
Jack Donnelly
Defining realism . 32
Hobbes and classical realism 34
Waltz and structured realism 37
Motives matter 42
System and structure 45
Morality and foreign policy 49
How to think about realism (and its critics) 54
3. Liberalism 57
Scott Burchill
After the Cold War 57
The liberal view: 'inside looking out' 59
War, democracy and free trade 60
Globalization, the financial system and terrorism 73
Conclusion 85
4. The English School 88
Andrew Linklater
From power to order: international society 93
Order and justice in international relations 97

v
vi Contents

The revolt against the West and the expansion of


international society 103
Progress in international relations 108
Conclusion 112

5. Marx and Marxism 113


Andrew Linklater
Class, production and international relations in Marx's
writings 116
Theories of nationalism and imperialism 123
The changing fortunes of Marxism in International
Relations 128
Beyond the paradigm of production: implications for
the emancipatory project 133
Conclusion 136

6. Historical Sociology 138


Andrew Linklater
Origins of historical sociology 141
Power and production in historical sociology 143
Power and interdependence in international relations 148
System and society 150
Morality, culture and the emotions 153
A higher synthesis? - 156
On grand narratives 158
Conclusion 160

7. Critical Theory 162


Richard Devetak
Origins of critical theory 163
The politics of knowledge in international relations theory 166
Rethinking political community 172
Conclusion 185

8. Post-structuralism 187
Richard Devetak
Power and knowledge in international relations 187
Textual strategies of post-structuralism 194
Problematizing sovereign states 199
Beyond the paradigm of sovereignty: rethinking the
political 209
Conclusion 216
Contents vii

9. Constructivism , 217
Christian Reus-Smit
Rationalist theory 217
The challenge of critical theory 221
Constructivism 222
Constructivism and its discontents 229
The contribution of constructivism 233
Recent developments in constructivism 235
Conclusion ' 239

10. Feminism 241


Jacqui True
Empirical feminism 244
Analytical feminism 251
Normative feminism 259
Conclusion 264

11. Green Politics 266


Matthew Paterson
Theorizing environment within international relations 268
Beyond IR: Green politics and the challenge to world order 272
Bioenvironmentalism - authority, scale, and eco-centrism 273
Social greens - limits to growth and political economy 280
Greening global politics 284
Conclusions 287

12. International Political Theory 291


Terry Nardin
Theorizing international politics 291
Justice in war 296
International justice 302
Global justice 307
The history of international thought 314

Bibliography 319
Index - 358