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Advances in IP+Optical

BRKSPG-2116

Diane Patton - Technical Leader


Agenda
Why Converged IP+Optical?
Consideration factors for IP+Optical Design
IP+Optical Integration Architectures and
Management
New Trends with the NCS2000 and NCS
4000
Multilayer Control Plane
Conclusion

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Why Converged IP+Optical Architectures
Circuit to Packet Migration 80+%
2011 2013 2016 IP Traffic

Private Line Private Line Private Line


TDM Traffic TDM Traffic TDM Traffic

~50-70%* 20-30% 010%

Private/Public Private/Public Private/Public


IP Traffic IP Traffic IP Traffic

Legacy TDM
~30-50% 70-80% 90+% Traffic

Massive change in SP traffic make-up in next several years*

SP revenue shifting from circuits to packet services**


5 yrs ~80% revenue derived from packet services

Major advances in DWDM technology over the same period

*ACG Research 2011, ** Cisco Research 2010, ***Cisco VNI 2011


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Changing Traffic Patterns
SP Services/ Third-Party Services/
Content Content

VoD

Unifie Unifie
d Data IP Core d Data
Center Center

Regional Regional
Edge
Data Center Data Center

Access

Business
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IP+Optical Business Drivers
Scale

Scale the network while


Increasing Service Velocity
Collapse Layers reduce devices, space, power & OpEx
Eliminate interconnect optics cost
Enhancing resiliency
Simplifying operations
Decreasing the total cost of ownership (TCO)

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IP+Optical Business Drivers, Continued
Agility of L3 and Optical results in the following benefits:
Reduce port numbers
Optical bypass opportunity
Greater flexibility for Layer 3 services
Additional network connectivity options, lower CAPEX
Increase average utilization per link
Release underutilized connections
Decrease spare router ports Huge
Growth
Rapidly
Tightening
Changing
SLAs
Traffic
patterns
Profitability
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CONSIDERATION FACTORS FOR
IP+OPTICAL DESIGN
Linear Channel Impairments

Attenuation

Caused by fiber and passive device losses

Chromatic Dispersion

Caused by fiber

Polarization Mode Dispersion

Caused by fiber

OSNR Degradation
Noise

Caused by ASE in EDFAs

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Linear Optical Impairments
Solutions
Attenuation
EDFAs can help overcome attenuation, applied per span, but add noise
Hybrid Raman/EDFA amplification can overcome attenuation with minimal noise. FEC also helps.
Chromatic Dispersion
DCUs can help mitigate dispersion problems, applied per span, but add cost, latency, and loss
Now compensated for in Digital Signal Processing via Coherent Detection

Polarization Mode Dispersion


Generally have to live with it. Regenerate signal when required.
Now compensated for in Digital Signal Processing via Coherent Detection

Optical Signal to Noise Ratio (OSNR)


Nothing can overcome losses in OSNR! Must regenerate!
But advanced Forward Error Correction can lower OSNR requirements
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Improve OSNR Performance with FEC
FEC extends reach and
design flexibility, at
silicon cost -3
-4 Pre-FEC

10Log(Bit Error Rate)


G.709 standard improves -5
-6
BER

OSNR tolerance by 6.2 dB -7 Post-FEC


(at 1015 BER) -8 BER
-9
-10
Offers intrinsic performance monitoring -11 CODING GAIN
-12
(error statistics) -13

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Higher gains (8.4dB) possible by enhanced
OSNR
FEC (with same G.709 overhead)
Even Higher gains by new Soft decision (SD)
FEC
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IP+OPTICAL ARCHITECTURES AND
MANAGEMENT
Standards Drive Adoption For Your
Reference

Control Plane

IETF

IEEE ITU IEEE


OIF OIF

Client Interfaces Hardware Vendors


Layer 2/1 interoperability Component Interoperability,
Commonality
Transport Networks
Layer 1/0 interoperability

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DWDM Building Blocks
Integrated DWDM
in client
(Reconfigurable)
Optical Add/Drop
multiplexer
Client Client

Client OEO OA (R)OADM OA

Optical
Client OEO Amplifiers
OEO Client
DWDM
DWDM OEO Demultiplexer
Transponders Multiplexer

Client

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The Traditional DWDM Network Approach
Transponder owned by the Optical Team
Router owned by the L3 Team
Generally operate as ships in the night.

Router Transponder ROADM

SR SR

Router NMS Control Transport NMS Control

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Transponder in Router
Router ROADM

Transponder integrated in the router


OTN wrapper and wavelength terminate on the router
Eliminate interconnects/OEO Conversions

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Transponder in Router
Proactive Protection
Proactive Protection
Traditional IP-over-DWDM
Reactive Protection Proactive Protection
Router Bit
working fail protect
Router
working protect

Router Bit
Errors
route over route route route

Errors
Switch
LOF FEC

Pre-FEC Bit
Pre-FEC Bit

FEC Cliff FEC Cliff

Errors
Errors

Transponder

FEC Protection Trigger

Time Time

ROADM ROADM
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Virtual Transponder
Transponder Virtualized into the Optical Network EMS

Respects boundaries between packet / optical


administrative groups
Router ROADM
Secure Management
Channel Ability to change wavelengths
now!

Network Management

Router Management DWDM Management


L2/L3 Interface Information L1 Interface Information
Routing Protocols Wavelength Usage
IP Addressing Power Levels and Thresholds
Security Performance Monitoring

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Managing with Cisco Prime Optical

End to End IP+Optical Circuit Creation


End to End OCHTRAIL Circuit View
Troubleshooting IP+Optical
Alarm management

Check DWDM controller parameters


Power values, OTN counters, LOS, LOF, pre-FEC BER, TTI, etc.

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Moores Law vs. Shannons Limit
Moore (Electrical): Shannon (Optical):
Driving down power, increasing density We are bumping up against the Shannon
The # of transistors on an IC doubles every 2 Limit on 100G
years - Stated by Gordon Moore, Intel founder, in All communications channels can be
1965
characterized by two factors bandwidth
Many to 1 Integration simplifies and noise
systems Given those two factors, there is a
maximum theoretical error-free
ASICS used in many different networking throughput the Shannon Limit
applications Bandwidth is limited (fiber, amplifiers)
Digital Signal Processing for optics Noise is a given (amplifiers)
NPU Advanced modulation and FEC is getting
Fabric us close
Phy & Framing for I/O

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Optical Shelf Concept
Transponder virtualized as part of the router
Transponder ROADM
Router Secure Shelf
Management Shelf
Channel

S S
R R

PLIM TSP

Transponder becomes an extension of the router


Power levels, OTN overhead, and alarms available
in real-time on the router
DWDM interface controlled and monitored by router
CLI or OTN MIB
Control Plane Interaction
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Proactive Protection with Grey Interface
100G Protection with ASR9k

working
Router
protect
route route

Router Bit Errors


ASR 9000

Switch

100GE

Pre-FEC Bit Errors


ONS 15454 M6 FEC Limit

Protection Trigger

Time
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How do we transport lower bandwidths over the
Core?
Legacy Client Services - Today
Predominantly 10G DWDM systems
SONET/SDH Client Systems 10G with no plans or need for additional capacity
Packet Services growing rapidly and stressing 10G DWDM systems

40G/100G DWDM Upgrades


Fixes the demand and fiber exhaust issues
More capacity per lambda
Mismatch between some client systems and lambda b/w

Requirement for OTN Hierarchy


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OTN (G.709) Hierarchy and Frame Structures
OTN defined a fixed hierarchy Frame Payload (OPU)

of payloads ODU-0 1,238,954 kbps

OTU-1 2,488,320 kbps

OTN started as a pure wrapper


OTU-2 9,995,276 kbps

around WDM client signals to OTU-3 40,150,519 kbps

improve reach and OTU-4 104,355,975 kbps

manageability.

Recently it has developed into a


complex multiplexing structure.

ODU-Flex allows flexible sub


wavelength grooming.
BRKSPG-2116 2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 25
OTN Building Blocks
OTN Electrical Cross Connect
Sub-lambda interfaces Grooming and aggregation
(SONET, OTN, Ethernet, ESCON)

WDM transponders
Adds G.709 headers

Optical Cross Multi-degree ROADM


Connect Cross Connecting Lambdas
Dropping full lambdas

Digital Wrapper OTN Hierarchy and Cross Connecting


Opti-electrical and optical components : Electrical solution
Transponders and ROADM Time Division Multiplexing Technology
Header information for management of optical Switching Hierarchy
layer
Forward Error Correction for increasing optical
drive distances
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Router to OTN Switch Concept

Router(s) OTN
10G (OTU4)

40G

Lower speed interfaces on Router (< 100G)


OTN originates and terminates on the switch
Leaves router colored or grey

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NEW TRENDS with NCS 2000 and NCS 4000
ROADM Background
ROADM brought flexibility to DWDM networks.
Any wavelength. Anywhere.

But it was a static flexibility.


Moves and changes required a truck roll.
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ROADM Background
because ROADM ports were colored and directional.
Colored Add/Drop Directional Add/Drop
Fixed port frequency assignment Physical add/drop port is
One unique frequency per port tied to a ROADM degree

Due to these restrictions, a change in direction or frequency of an optical circuit


required a physical change (move interface to different port) at the endpoints.
BRKSPG-2116 2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 30
ROADM Advances
Colorless and Omni-directional add/drop bring touchless
flexibility, and hence programmability, to ROADM networks.
Colorless Add/Drop Omni-Directional Add/Drop
No port-frequency assignment Add/Drop ports can be routed
Any frequency, any port to/from any ROADM degree

With Colorless plus Omni-Directional, the frequency and direction of the signal
can be changed, without requiring a change of ROADM add/drop port.

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ROADM Advances
ButColorless and Omni-directional introduce wavelength
contention at the add/drop stage. Need a Contentionless
architecture.
Directional Add/Drop Contentionless allows multiple
ROADMs are by definition instances of the same frequency to
Contentionless add/drop from one unit.

With Contentionless, N instances of a given wavelength (where N = the number of


line degrees in the ROADM node) can be add/dropped from a single device,
eliminating any restrictions on dynamic wavelength provisioning.
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Tunable lasers and coherent receivers are also key

Transmitter can tune its lasers Receiver can select any channel
frequency to any channel in the from of a composite (unfiltered)
ITU grid. signal.

Tunable lasers work with colorless add/drop to enable touchless changes in the
frequency of an optical signal. Coherent receivers simplify the construction of
colorless and omni-directional ROADM nodes, by eliminating the need to de-
multiplex a signal down to the individual wavelength.
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How to Increase Transport Capacity?
Increase capacity Increase the
(bit rate) per number of
wavelength wavelengths

Feasible ADC 50 GHz ITU


bandwidth Grid
Infrastructures

Increase 400G & Terabit Superchannels Flexible


Modulation Spectrum
Efficiency Triple System Capacity Allocation

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Trade off of Reach and Capacity
Trunk interfaces with
programmable
modulation schemes
will be available
Interface could support
50G BPSK, 100G
QPSK, 200G 16-QAM,
and 250G 16-QAM
Design algorithm will
choose modulation
schemes to minimize
interface/regenerator
count

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100 Gigabit DWDM Transmission For Your
Reference

Overcoming the Challenges

Problem: Transmission impairments increase significantly at higher bit rates (CD, PMD, non-linear
effects)

Solution: Compensate for these impairments with intelligent Digital Signal Processing, enabled by
Coherent Detection

This is a Demodulation (RX) function

Problem: DSP electronics (required for above) not yet capable of processing 100Gb/s serial data rates
Solution: Dual Polarization DQPSK Modulation, allows single wavelength 100G transmission with a
baud rate of ~28Gb/s
This is a Modulation (TX) function

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FlexSpectrum WDM System Architecture
FlexSpectrum
Todays 50GHz DWDM system
Grid System

DSP-enabled TX TX TX TX
Transmitters
1 2 3 4

FlexSprectrum
ROADM 50Ghz ROADM

Signal Shaping
Ch Ch Ch Ch
Denser Channel Ch1 Ch2 Ch3 Ch4
Spacing 1 2 3 4
l
50GHz 50GHz 50GHz

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DWDM network capacity is limited by the channel For Your
Reference

spacing imposed by ITU grid


50 GHz ITU Grid 50 GHz ITU Grid
12.5 GHz Slices

Rigid Spacing Superchannel with tightly spaced sub-carriers


Wasted Spectrum Efficient Spectrum Use

This requires Flexible Spectrum allocation Flex Spectrum


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For Your

Superchannels require new kind of ROADM


Reference

50 GHz ITU Grid 50 GHz ITU Grid


12.5 GHz Slices

Superchannel with tightly spaced sub-carriers


Rigid Spacing
Efficient Spectrum Use
Wasted Spectrum
One that canThis requires
switch chunksFlexible Spectrum
of bandwidth larger and yet more
allocation Flex Spectrum
granular than 50GHz

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For Your
Reference

Flex Spectrum ROADM


Can switch Superchannels with varying bandwidths, > 50GHz
50 GHz ITU Grid 50 GHz ITU Grid
12.5 GHz Slices

Wasted Spectrum Efficient Spectrum Use

4 x 100Gb/s in 200GHz 4 x 100Gb/s in ~125GHz

>50% Increase in Capacity


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Coherent Superchannel Add/Drop
Coherent Reception
100 Gb (1)

100 Gb (2)
Flex Spectrum ROADM
with
Splitter Drop 100 Gb (3)

100 Gb (4)

400 Gb Superchannel
Nyquist Transmission
(100 Gb QPSK sub-carriers)
100 Gb (1)

100 Gb (2)
Flex Spectrum ROADM
with
Coupler Add 100 Gb (3)

100 Gb (4)

BRKSPG-2116 2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 41
MacFlex Concept
NG-DWDM interface
enables reach vs payload
bandwidth trade off.
Optimize modulation format for
required network performance

Available payload bandwidth per


wavelength ranges widely.
Adjust Mac layer to match with
5GBps granularity

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Role of OTN
Use TDM grooming Eliminate inter-layer ties Line cards can carry multiple
Sub-Lambda Use statistical Manage a single fabric purposes
multiplexing Low barrier to deployment
Aggregation/Switching
Packet
Rate Adapt to DWDM Pure OTN Aggregaton
OTN OTN / Packet Optimized

Optimal Router Interface may


TDM
not be equivalent to optimal TDM
DWDM trunk TDM Not yet
needed
TDM

Transparency TDM TDM


Money
saved

Timing TDM TDM


TDM TDM
Protocols (i.e. OSPF vs ISIS) TDM TDM
2
1 2 1 2 1
Sub-Lambda Protection deferred

No need when client interface


= DWDM Trunk
Source: Infonetics

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Key Takeaways
Tunable optics and Colorless and allow changing wavelength with no physical
re-cabling
Omni-directional allows changing direction with no physical re-cabling
Allow for any to any switching in the optical domain
Allow for dynamic re-routing in the optical domain
Flexible modulation, spectrum and mac flex allow for anywhere, any rate
Converge layers to increase link utilization
Use the C-band spectrum to its full capacity

Also, these features open the door for a new agile DWDM control plane

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Multilayer Control Plane
Agile Control Plane Requirements

Requirements

Omni- Impairment-
Tunability Colorless
Directional aware

Enabling Zero Touch End to End Solution

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Optical GMPLS Control Plane
Wavelength Switched Optical Network

Traditional optical control planes (e.g. ASON) assume a homogenous physical


layer (regen everywhere, no L0 issues)
WSON is defined in several IETF drafts, which add these key components to
GMPLS
Routing and Wavelength Assignment
Distribution / collection of Channel Impairments, Path optical characteristics, other
affected channels
Impairment calculation is distributed
Reasonable computation requirements on Network Elements
No heavy reliance on DCN bandwidth, delay, and availability
Centralized, but online computation certainly possible.

BRKSPG-2116 2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 47
WSON Intelligence
WSON
Input

Linear Non Linear Interface Regenerator


Impairments Impairments Topology Type capability

Wavelength Bit rate


Power Loss CD SPM
FWM Route FEC
OSNR PMD XPM
Choice Modulation

Wavelength assignment Linear optical


impairments verification
Optical Path calculation Non Linear optical
and provisioning impairments verification
Service Creation
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Wavelength Switched Optical Network
Auto Restoration Example

San Fran LA

NCS2000
Network
San Jose San Diego

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Wavelength Switched Optical Network
Auto Restoration Example Fiber Cut!
Path San Fran to LA
affected

San Fran LA

NCS2000
Network
San Jose San Diego

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Wavelength Switched Optical Network
Auto Restoration Example No other path for blue
wavelength - other
wavelengths tried

San Fran LA

NCS2000
Network
San Jose San Diego

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Wavelength Switched Optical Network
Auto Restoration Example
Embedded WSON intelligence
locates and verifies a new path,
with new lambda

San Fran LA

NCS2000
Network
San Jose San Diego

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Wavelength Switched Optical Network
Auto Restoration Example Same Router interfaces and
Transponders used!

San Fran LA

NCS2000
Network
San Jose San Diego

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Restoration is Slower than Protection
If rapid failure detection and recovery is needed it is
assumed that existing packet IP/ MPLS mechanisms
(e.g., BFD, IP-FRR, TE-FRR,LDP-FRR, mLDP-FRR,
fast convergence) will be used for protection and
recovery.
IP+Optical Solutions can use Proactive Protection
Protected services (Y-cable, PSM, FiberSwitch) could
be used for valuable traffic to provide rapid protection
at the optical layer.
Restoration is Best Effort

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Restoration for Optical Failures example

Premium: 30G 3x 100G Worst-case stable:


BB1 BB2 120G on 300G
BE: 90G
Avg IP util: 120/300= 47%%
Worst-case transient:
Premium: 30G 2x 100G 120G on 200G. BE loss
BB1 BB2 Avg IP util: 120/200= 60%=
BE: 90G
Worst-case stable:
120G on 100G: possible BE
loss= 60%

In a real SP network: 10-34% less interfaces


(less router ports, less transponders, less wavelengths, less power, more scale)
BRKSPG-2116 2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 55
What if we Integrate IP Control Plane with WSON?

Reduce Optical Circuit Turn Up Time


On Demand Bandwidth Provisioning
Alarm Correlation
Network Optimization

Two Possible models:


Peer
Overlay

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Multi-Layer Control Plane
Peer Model

Single Fully Integrated Control Plane


Domain
- No Respect for Administrative Boundaries
-Does not take advantage of operational expertise
- Scale of Routing Topology
- Memory requirements for every platform
- Path computation loads across entire network
- Does not take advantage of operational
expertise
- Impact on Maintenance and Software Deployment
- Software Testing and upgrade span entire network
-slows certification cycles

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Multi-Layer Control Plane
Overlay Model is Efficient and Scales

Separate Control Planes per Layer with


Routing
signaling between
Domain
- Respects Boundaries
- Scales
- Operational Expertise
- Faster Testing/Provisioning
DWDM
Domain

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Overlay model best but share what is necessary
Introducing GMPLS UNI

User-Network Interface (UNI) to implement an overlay model (RFC 4208)


between two networks with limited communication between them
Enables a router to signal paths dynamically through a DWDM network
Paths may be signaled with diversity requirements
Two UNI components
Client: UNI-C (i.e. Router)
HELLO HELLO
Network: UNI-N (i.e Optical Node) my name is my name is

Building block for multi-layer routing


I IPP Optical

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GMPLS UNI allows WSON and IP/MPLS Control
Plane to Communicate

San Fran GMPLS NNI GMPLS NNI New York


WSON
GMPLS-UNI GMPLS-UNI

UNI-N UNI-N
UNI-C UNI-C
GMPLS NNI GMPLS NNI

ROADM
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Provisioning using GMPLS UNI Example
Constrained Circuit Request

San- NY-
SanFran NCS2000 NCS2000 NY

1 WSON
Ingress Egress
Head Tail
UNI-N UNI-N
UNI-C UNI-C

1. Operator requests a circuit between Source and Destination Router Interfaces using CLI

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Provisioning using GMPLS UNI Example
Constrained Circuit Request

San- NY-
SanFran NCS2000 NCS2000 NY
2
WSON
Ingress Egress
Head Tail
UNI-N UNI-N
UNI-C UNI-C

2. Using GMPLS UNI, Head UNI-C signals UNI-N System requesting path to Destination

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Provisioning using GMPLS UNI Example
Constrained Circuit Request

San- NY-
SanFran NCS2000 NCS2000 NY

WSON
3
Ingress Egress
Head Tail
UNI-N UNI-N
UNI-C UNI-C

3. UNI-N Initiates WSON (C-SPF), and finds best path based on diversity requirements

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Provisioning using GMPLS UNI Example
Constrained Circuit Request

San- NY-
SanFran NCS2000 NCS2000 4 NY

WSON
Ingress Egress
Head Tail
UNI-N UNI-N
UNI-C UNI-C

4. Destination UNI-N node signals Tail UNI-C and requests DWDM interface to be set to
specific wavelength

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Provisioning using GMPLS UNI Example
Constrained Circuit Request

San- NY-
SanFran NCS2000 NCS2000 NY
5
WSON
Ingress Egress
Head Tail
UNI-N UNI-N
UNI-C UNI-C

5. Ingress UNI-N signals Head UNI-C to set DWDM Interface to same wavelength

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Provisioning using GMPLS UNI Example
Constrained Circuit Request

San- NY-
SanFran NCS2000 NCS2000 NY

6 WSON
Ingress Egress
Head Tail
UNI-N UNI-N
UNI-C UNI-C

Int Hun0/0/0/0 up/up


ISIS nei relationship

6. Router Interfaces come up, IGP Adjacencies Formed, traffic begins flowing

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Lets extend GMPLS UNI to optimize L2/L3
To date, Layer 2/3 knows nothing about the Optical Network

Homogenous
WAN Latency and
Disjointness Fate sharing
LFA/TE FRR Fate- Bundle
Sharing from primary for PoP

Could Impact SLA: downtime, latency, loss, predictability of service


Could Impact TCO: SLA penalty, unoptimized capacity, support complexity

BRKSPG-2116 2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 67
Basis for nLight Control Plane
The solution to these problems is simple

If the client layer (i.e router) can request circuits with constraints or
requirements from the server layer such as SRLG, latency OK! Ill route the
Hi! Please give me a New circuit the other
diverse path for my way!
New circuit!

Client layer Server layer

It can request appropriate services for its traffic type

We need to allow for information sharing between Client and Server

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Information Flowing through nLight with GMPLS UNI
Concept
When signalling a circuit, a client may request
server SRLGs to be excluded or included Agile IP/MPLS Layer
the path to follow or disjoint from another Circuit-ID
an optimization upon shortest latency
a bound on latency not to exceed SRLG,
an optimization upon lowest optical cost latency
optical restoration
optical re-optimization

Agile DWDM Layer

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Information Flowing through nLight with GMPLS UNI
Concept
For each circuit it signals, a client may be informed of
Circuit-ID unique identifier in server context Agile IP/MPLS Layer
SRLGs along the circuit (Client)
Latency through the server network
Path through the server network
Information continuously refreshed Circuit ID,
latency
A client may be informed of server
topology/resource
Agile DWDM Layer
Policy Controlled by the Server Layer (Server)

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Constraint Based Routing

SRLG
#1

Router B
Router A SRLG
#2

[Router A] I need a wavelength to Router B. (basic provisioning)


[Router A] I need a wavelength to Router B, disjoint from circuit blue.
[Router A] I need a wavelength to Router B, with max Latency X.
[Router A] I need a wavelength to Router B, that avoids SRLGs #1 and #2.

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nLight Control Plane Optimizes L2/3 Network
Efficient IP FRR or MPLS FRR
thanks to SRLG request and discovery
Enforcement of disjointess or same-path requirements
thanks to SRLG/Circuit-ID diversity
Efficient diagnostics
latency discovery
Efficient operation
multi-layer maintenance coordination

Results in Lower Total Cost of Ownership

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What is Multi Layer Restoration (MLR) Concept?
Three Types:

MLRO: Multilayer Restoration From Optical Failure


- allows the router to negotiate with the optical layer on which constraints
it cares about

MLR-P: Multilayer Restoration from Port Failure


- allows the router to change the port that originates the circuit

MLR-A: Multilayer Restoration from IP Aggregation Node Failure


- allows the router to change the destination node
Only possible with Omnidirectional, colorless, WSON optical
system
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Multilayer Restoration Concept - Optical

DWDM Network

All same router ports used!!!


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Multilayer Restoration Concept- Port
Use same remote port!

Same spare port can


be used for many
different connections

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Multilayer Restoration Concept- Aggregation
Agg 1 Agg 2

DWDM
network

re-use interfaces

Edge 1 Edge 2
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Putting it Together
GMPLS UNI with Diverse LSP, WSON, and IPoDWDM PP, and MLR-O

Optical network

San Fran LA

Traffic Flow
San Fran<->LA

Need new circuit from San Fran


To LA Vegas
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Putting it Together
GMPLS UNI with Diverse LSP, WSON, and IPoDWDM PP, and MLR-O

Optical network

San Fran LA

Traffic Flow
San Fran<->LA
GMPLS UNI brings up new circuit
To LA using LSP diversity
Other IP traffic
IGP sees direct connection San Vegas
Fran <->LA
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Putting it Together
GMPLS UNI with Diverse LSP, WSON, and IPoDWDM PP, and MLR-O

Optical network

San Fran LA
Fiber
cut

Traffic Flow
San Fran<->LA

Other IP traffic
Fiber Cut!
Vegas
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Putting it Together
GMPLS UNI with Diverse LSP, WSON, and IPoDWDM PP, and MLR-O

Optical network

San Fran LA
Fiber
cut

Traffic Flow
San Fran<->LA
IGP nei relationship to LA breaks Other IP traffic
Proactive Protection kicks in, high
Priority traffic re-routed through Vegas Vegas
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Putting it Together
GMPLS UNI with Diverse LSP, WSON, and IPoDWDM PP, and MLR-O

Optical network

San Fran LA
Fiber
cut

Traffic Flow
San Fran<->LA

Other IP traffic
GMPLS UNI/WSON begins to
re-route circuit Vegas
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Putting it Together
GMPLS UNI with Diverse LSP, WSON, and IPoDWDM PP, and MLR-O

Optical network

San Fran LA
Fiber
cut

Traffic Flow
San Fran<->LA

New Circuit built to LA, LSP diverse Other IP traffic


Proactive Protection Reverts
Vegas
IGP forms neighbor relationship again
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Putting it Together
GMPLS UNI with Diverse LSP, WSON, and IPoDWDM PP, and MLR-O

Optical network

San Fran LA
Fiber
cut

Traffic Flow
San Fran<->LA

Traffic re-routes original L3 path Other IP traffic


Optically, takes a different Route
Vegas
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Putting it Together
GMPLS UNI with Diverse LSP, WSON, and IPoDWDM PP and MLR-O

Optical network

Fiber
San Fran cut
LA
Fiber
cut

Traffic Flow
San Fran<->LA
Oh NO! Not another fiber cut!! Other IP traffic
Vegas
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Putting it Together
GMPLS UNI with Diverse LSP, WSON, and IPoDWDM PP, and MLR-O

Optical network

Fiber
San Fran cut
LA
Fiber
cut

Traffic Flow
San Fran<->LA

No more diverse paths exist, optical Other IP traffic


Re-route fails. but
Vegas
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Putting it Together
GMPLS UNI with Diverse LSP, WSON, and IPoDWDM PP, and MLR-O

Optical network

Fiber
San Fran cut
LA
Fiber
cut

Traffic Flow
San Fran<->LA

MLR-O allows San Fran Router to relax Other IP traffic


The diversity requirement, restoring
Vegas
service!
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nLight Control Plane Optimizes L2/3 Network
Efficient IP FRR or MPLS FRR
thanks to SRLG/Circuit ID request and diversity
Efficient diagnostics
latency discovery
Efficient operation Results in Lower
multi-layer maintenance coordination Total Cost of Ownership
Efficient use of Router and/or transponder ports
Optical and Multilayer Restoration

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Where are we going? Multilayer Optimization
Centralize when needed, default distributed network for all else

Applications
Network
Middleware
Controllers
Network
Devices
with on-box
Control
Plane

Hybrid Control plane:


Distributed control combined with
central control (through Controllers)
Fully Distributed Control Plane: for optimized behavior (e.g. optimized
performance)
Optimized for reliability
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Multilayer Network Optimization Architecture
Automation Optimization
Multi-Layer Coordinated
Multi-Layer optical path
Restoration Application
Information maintenance
Link (fiber), aware
sharing &
Port, & Node & Multi-Layer
Automation
failures optimization Optimization
PCE-based

GMPLS-UNI
WDM planning
Impairment aware WSON tool (CTP)

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Network Architectures
For Your
Reference

Network Design
NCS6000

NCS4000
Aggregation
Transport Optical
Interconnect
Core/Metro DWDM Transport
NCS2000
NCS4000 NCS4000

Optical Interconnect Optical Interconnect


NCS4000
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NCS Network across Core and Metro For Your
Reference

Core Metro/Regional
CRS ASR9K
NCS6000

Access and CPE


NCS4000 OTN
M12
NCS2000 TDM
Utiliy

GE/Legacy/Utility Satellite

NCS2000

Carrier Ethernet

OTN Services
NCS4000 M6
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CONCLUSION
For Your
Reference

Intelligent Information Exchange


Proactive Protection, GMPLS, Control Plane
Packet Layer DWDM Layer
IGP SLAs (master) OSNR
(slave)
CD / PMD power levels
QoS Queuing non-linear impairments
Peering Addressing physical topology

Client Requests Server Information


Interface Integration
Proactive Protection Pre-FEC Threshold Crossing
G.709

GMPLS
Circuit from A to Z Network Topology & Feasibility
UNI

Matching Path nLight Circuit ID and Path


Control Plane
Disjoint Path Circuit ID and Path
SRLG Avoidance UNI Extensions SRLG database
Max Latency Path Latencies
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IP+Optical Evolution
Data Plane, Control Plane, Management Plane Integration

Packet Resource Optical Resource Touchless ROADM


Optimized for Packet Density Optimized for DWDM Interfaces Flexible Transport

Zero Cost Optical Control Plane


High Density or Backplane Automation
Packet Ports Interconnect Rate Adaptation
L1/2/3 Switching Colorless-Omni-Flex
ROADM
Unified Adaptive, Multi-Rate
Management Low Speed
Breakout DWDM Optics
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Summary

Packet traffic increasing


IP+Optical decreases expenses while streamlining services
New Architectures enable next generation networks
New ROADM trends to support optical agile networks
enabling multilayer control planes
Multilayer control planes add network automation and
resiliency which decreases Total Cost of Ownership
Integrating IP+Optical makes sense!
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Related Sessions
BRKOPT-2102 Software Innovations and Control
Plane Evolution in the new SDN Transport Networks
Monday 8am

BRKOPT-2118 Multilayer Network Architectures


Monday 8am

BRKOPT-2117 - High Speed WAN: Traditional and


Emerging Technologies
Tuesday 8am

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Related Sessions
BRKOPT-2106 Introduction to DWDM
Wednesday 8am

BRKOPT-2116 High Speed Optics 40G, 100G &


Beyond Data Center Fabrics and Optical Transport
Thursday 12:30pm

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Complete Your Online Session Evaluation
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could win fabulous prizes. Winners
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Complete your session evaluation
through the Cisco Live mobile app
or visit one of the interactive kiosks
located throughout the convention
center.

Dont forget: Cisco Live sessions will be available


for viewing on-demand after the event at
CiscoLive.com/Online

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Continue Your Education
Demos in the Cisco Campus
Walk-in Self-Paced Labs
Table Topics
Meet the Engineer 1:1 meetings

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Acronyms
ADC Analog Digital Converter ITU International Telecommunications Union
C-SPF Constrained Shortest Path First LFA Loop Free Alternate
CD Chromatic Dispersion LMP Link Management Protocol
CP- Coherent Polarisation-Mux Differential Quadrature Phase LSP Labeled Switch Path
DQPSK Shift Keying
NNI Network-Network Interface
DCU Dispersion Compensating Unit
NPU Network Processing Unit
DSP Digital Signal Processing
NCS Network Convergence System
DWDM Dense Wave Division Multiplexing
OCP Optical Control Plane
ELEAF E-Large Effective Area Fibre
OEO Optical Electrical- Optical
ERO Explicit Route Option
OIF Optical Internetworking Forum
FEC Forward Error Correction
OOK On/Off Keying
FRR Fast Re-Route
OSNR Optical Signal to Noise Ratio
FWM Four Wave Mixing
OTN Optical Transport Network
GMPLS Generalized Multi Protocol Label Switching
PMD Polarization Mode Dispersion
IC Integrated Circuit
QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
IEEE Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers
QPSK Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
IETF Internet Engineeing Task Force
ROADM Reprogrammable Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer

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Acronyms (Continued)
RSVP Resource Reservation Protocol

SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

SLA Service Level Agreement


Single Mode Fiber
SMF
SONET Synchronous Optical Network

SRLG Shared Risk Link Groups

TCO Total Cost of Ownership

TDM Time Division Multiplexed

TE Traffic Engineering

UNI User-Network Interface

WSON Wavelength Switched Optical Network

WXC Wavelength Cross Connect

XPM Cross Phase Modulation

YoY Year over Year

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