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BALANCING OF ROTATING MASSES

1. A shaft carries four masses A,B,C and D of magnitude 200 kg,300 kg,400 kg,and 200 kg
respectively and revolving at radii 80 mm,70 mm,60 mm and 80 mm in planes measured
from A at 300 mm,400 mm,and 700 mm .The angles between the cranks measured
anticlockwise are A to B 45o,B to C 70o and C to D 120o.The balancing masses are to be
placed in planes X and Y.The distance between the planes A and X is 100 mm between X and
Y is 400 mm and between Y and D is 200 mm.If the balancing masses revolve at a radius of
100 mm.Find their magnitudes and angular positions.

2. A shaft carries four masses in parallel planes A,B,C and D in this order along its
length.The masses at B and C are 18 kg and 12.5 kg respectively.And each has an
eccentricity of 60 mm.The masses at A and D have an eccentricity of 80 mm.The angle
between the masses at B and C is 100o and that between the masses at B and A is 190o,both
being measured in the same direction .The axial distance between the planes A and B is 100
mm and that between B and C is 200 mm.If the shaft is in complete dynamic
balance,determine:(i)The magnitude of the masses at A and D ,(ii)The distance between the
planes A and D ;and (iii)The angular position of the mass at D.

3.A shaft has three eccentrics ,each 75 mm diameter and 25 mm thick ,machined in one piece
with the shaft .The central planes of the eccentric are 60 mm apart.the distance of the centres
from the axis of rotation are 12 mm ,18 mm and 12 mm and their angular positions are 120o
apart.The density of metal is 7000 kg /m2.Find the amount of out of balance force and couple
at 600 rpm. If the shaft is balanced by adding two masses at a radius of 75 mm and at a
distance of 100 mm from the central plane of the middle eccentric ,find the amount of masses
and their angular positions.

4.A,B,C and D are four masses carried by a rotating shaft at radii 100,125,200 and 150 mm
respectively .The planes in which the masses revolve are speed 600 mm apart and the mass
of B,C and D are 10 Kg,5 kg and 4 kg respectively.

Find the required mass A and the relative angular setting of the four masses so that the shaft
shall be in complete balance.
5.Four masses A,B,C and D as given below are to be balanced.

A B C D

Mass (kg) - 30 50 50

Radius (mm) 180 240 120 150

The planes containing masses B and C are 300 mm apart.The angle between planes containing B
and C is 90o..B and C make angles of 210o and 120o respectively with D in the same sense .Find
the magnitude and the angular positions of mass A and the position of planes A and D.

BALANCING OF RECIPROCATING MASSES


6.The following data refer to a two cylinder locomotive with cranks at 90o .

(i)Mass of reciprocating parts /cylinder = 300 kg

(ii)Crank radius = 300 mm

(iii)Diameter of driving wheel = 1800 mm

(iv)Distance between cylinder axis = 600 mm

(v)Distance between the driving wheel = 1600 mm

Determine:

(1)The fraction of the reciprocating masses to be balanced if the hammer blow is not to
exceed 45 kN at 95 kmph.

(2)Variation in tractive effort.

(3)maximum swaying couple.

7.The following data refer to an outside cylinder uncoupled locomotive. Mass of rotating
parts per cylinder=350 kg; Mass of reciprocating parts per cylinder =300 kg;Angle between
cranks=90o ;Crank radius =0.3 ;cylinder centers=1.8 ;Radius of balance masses=0.8m;wheel
centers=1.5m.

If whole of the rotating and 2/3 rd of the reciprocating parts are to be balanced in planes of the
driving wheels,find(i)magnitude and angular position of balance masses ,(ii)speed in km/hr at
which the wheel will lift off the rails when the load on each driving wheels is 1.8 m and
(iii)swaying couple at speed found in (ii)plane.
8.The three cranks of a three cylinder locomotive are all one the same axle and are set at 120o
.The pitch of the cylinder is 1 metre and the stroke of each piston is 0.6 m.The reciprocating
masses are 300 kg for inside cylinder and 260 kg for each outside cylinder and the planes of
rotation of the balance masses are 0.8 m from the inside crank .If 40% of the reciprocating
parts are to be balanced ,find:

(i)the magnitude and the position of the balancing masses required at a radius of 0.6 m;and

(ii)the hammer blow per wheel when the axle makes 6 rps.