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G30ChassisandSuspension

Contents
1. Introduction............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1
1.1. History...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.2. Overviewofsystemdescriptions................................................................................................................................................. 1
1.3. ComparisonofG12chassisandsuspensionwithG30............................................................................ 2
1.4. ComparisonofF10chassisandsuspensionwithG30............................................................................. 3
1.5. Overviewofchassisandsuspension..................................................................................................................................... 4
1.5.1. Highlights.......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2. Axles..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8
2.1. Front axle............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8
2.1.1. NotesforService.................................................................................................................................................................. 9
2.2. Rearaxle...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................11
2.2.1. NotesforService............................................................................................................................................................. 13

3. Brakes............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 16
3.1. Servicebrakes........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 18
3.1.1. Pedalmechanismmounting........................................................................................................................... 18
3.1.2. Frontbrake................................................................................................................................................................................. 20
3.1.3. Rearbrakes................................................................................................................................................................................ 22
3.1.4. MSportbrake........................................................................................................................................................................23
3.2. Parkingbrake............................................................................................................................................................................................................24

4. Wheels/Tires..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 25
4.1. Wheelhub..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 25
4.2. Tirepressurecontrol....................................................................................................................................................................................26
4.2.1. Warnings........................................................................................................................................................................................ 26
4.2.2. NotesforService............................................................................................................................................................. 28
4.3. Tirepressures......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 28
4.3.1. ColdTirepressure......................................................................................................................................................... 29
4.3.2. WarmTirepressure......................................................................................................................................................29
4.4. Electronictirepressurelabel.......................................................................................................................................................... 30
4.4.1. Technicalfunctionaldescription.............................................................................................................. 30
4.4.2. Systemoverview............................................................................................................................................................... 33
4.4.3. Operation.......................................................................................................................................................................................34
4.4.4. Tireselection:specialsizes............................................................................................................................ 40
4.4.5. Tirepressurelossdisplay.................................................................................................................................. 41
4.4.6. Teaching-inthetirepressures.................................................................................................................... 42
4.4.7. Measurementofthetireairtemperatureswhenstationary...........................43

5. DrivingStabilityControl............................................................................................................................................................................................. 47
5.1. DynamicStabilityControl(DSC)...............................................................................................................................................50
G30ChassisandSuspension
Contents
5.1.1. Functions.......................................................................................................................................................................................51
5.2. Steering............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 52
5.2.1. Overviewofequipmentspecifications........................................................................................... 53
5.2.2. Steeringwheels.................................................................................................................................................................. 55
5.2.3. Steeringcolumnadjustment......................................................................................................................... 55
5.3. ElectricActiveRollStabilization(EARS).......................................................................................................................56
5.3.1. Systemwiringdiagramforthevoltagesupply................................................................... 58
5.3.2. Currentflow.............................................................................................................................................................................. 60
G30ChassisandSuspension
1.Introduction
Thedevelopmentcodeforthenew7thgenerationBMW5SeriesisG30.TheG30willbeavailable
startinginearly2017.

1.1.History

HistoricaloverviewoftheBMW5Series

Index Developmentcode
1 E12(19721981)
2 E28(19811987)
3 E34(19871995)
4 E39(19952003)
5 E60(20032010)
6 F10(20102016)
7 G30(productionstartsinlate2016asa2017MYvehicle)

1.2.Overviewofsystemdescriptions
ManyofthesystemsusedarealreadyknownfromthecurrentBMW7SeriesG12.TheComparison
ofG12withG30chapterliststhecommonelementsandthedifferences.Theexplanationsofthe
systemsalreadyfamiliarfromtheG12arekeptbrief.Comprehensivesystemdescriptionscanbe
foundintheG12TechnicalReferenceManualforST1501G12CompleteVehicle.

Topic ST1501G12CompleteVehicle
Servicebrakes G12ChassisandSuspension
Parkingbrake G12ChassisandSuspension
TirePressureControl G12ChassisandSuspension
DynamicStabilityControl(DSC) G12ChassisandSuspension
Steering G12ChassisandSuspension
ElectronicDamperControl(EDC) G12ChassisandSuspension
Conventionalanti-rollbar G12ChassisandSuspension
ElectricActiveRollStabilization(EARS) G12ChassisandSuspension

1
G30ChassisandSuspension
1.Introduction
1.3.ComparisonofG12chassisandsuspensionwithG30
SomeofthesystemsusedintheG30havealreadybeenintroducedintheG12.Thefollowingtable
providesanoverviewofthedifferencesandcommonfeaturesbetweenthetwovehicles.

System G12 G30


Frontaxle Double-wishbonefrontaxle Double-wishbonefrontaxle
Frontsuspension Airspring Steelsprings
Frontdamping ElectronicDamperControl Conventionalshockabsorber
(EDC) orElectronicDamperControl
(EDC)
Anti-rollbar,front Conventionalanti-rollbar Conventionalanti-rollbar
orelectricalactivestabilizer orelectricalactivestabilizer
(EARSV) (EARSV)
Rearaxle Five-linkrearsuspension Five-linkrearsuspension
Rearsuspension Airspring Steelsprings
Reardamping ElectronicDamperControl Conventionalshockabsorber
(EDC) orElectronicDamperControl
(EDC)
Rearanti-rollbar Conventionalanti-rollbar Conventionalanti-rollbar
orelectricalactivestabilizer orelectricalactivestabilizer
(EARSH) (EARSH)
Centeringmountingfor Yes No
rearaxlesupport Specialtoolsrequired
Frontbrake Partiallybondedbrakepads Partiallybondedbrakepads
Rearbrakes Combinedbrakecaliper Combinedbrakecaliper
(electricparkingbrake) (electricparkingbrake)
Electricparkingbrake IntegratedintotheDSC IntegratedintotheDSC
controlunit controlunit controlunit
Brakepadwearsensor Singlestage Singlestage
Wheelhub 66.5mm 66.5mm
Holepattern 5x112 5x112
Tirepressurecontrol Tirepressurecontrol(Schrader) Tirepressurecontrol(Schrader)
Tirepressurelabel Label Labelandelectronic
Frontsteering ElectronicPowerSteering(EPS) ElectronicPowerSteering(EPS)
orIntegralActiveSteering(with orIntegralActiveSteering(with
variablerackgeometry) variablerackgeometry)

Rearsteering
* Rearaxleslipanglecontrol Rearaxleslipanglecontrol
(HSR) (HSR)

*
OnlyavailableinconjunctionwiththeIntegralActiveSteeringoptionalequipment.

2
G30ChassisandSuspension
1.Introduction
1.4.ComparisonofF10chassisandsuspensionwithG30
System F10 G30
Frontaxle Double-wishbonefrontaxle Double-wishbonefrontaxle
Frontsuspension Steelsprings Steelsprings
Frontdamping Conventionalshockabsorber Conventionalshockabsorber
orElectronicDamperControl orElectronicDamperControl
(EDC) (EDC)
Anti-rollbar,front Conventionalanti-rollbaror Conventionalanti-rollbar
hydraulicactivestabilizer(ARS) orelectricalactivestabilizer
(EARSV)
Rearaxle IntegralVrearaxle Five-linkrearsuspension
Rearsuspension Steelsprings Steelsprings
Reardamping Conventionalshockabsorber Conventionalshockabsorber
orElectronicDamperControl orElectronicDamperControl
(EDC) (EDC)
Rearanti-rollbar Conventionalanti-rollbaror Conventionalanti-rollbar
hydraulicactivestabilizer(ARS) orelectricalactivestabilizer
(EARSH)
Centeringmountingfor Yes Yes
rearaxlesupport
Frontbrake Greasedpadbackingplate Partiallybondedbrakepads
Rearbrakes Combinedbrakecaliper Combinedbrakecaliper
(electricparkingbrake) (electricparkingbrake)
Electricparkingbrake Separate(EMF) IntegratedintotheDSC
controlunit controlunit
Brakepadwearsensor singlestage singlestage
Wheelhub 72.5mm 66.5mm
Holepattern 5x120 5x112
Tirepressurecontrol TPMSRunFlatIndicator RDCiTirepressurecontrol
(indirect) (direct)
Tirepressurelabel Label Labelandelectronic
Steering Electricalandhydraulicor ElectronicPowerSteeringEPS
IntegralActiveSteering(with orIntegralActiveSteering(with
variableratiorack) variablerackgeometry)

Rearsteering
* Rearaxleslipanglecontrol Rearaxleslipanglecontrol
(HSR) (HSR)

*
OnlyavailableinconjunctionwiththeIntegralActiveSteeringoptionalequipment.

3
G30ChassisandSuspension
1.Introduction
1.5.Overviewofchassisandsuspension

OverviewofchassisandsuspensionintheG30

Index Explanation
1 Frontaxlespringstrut
2 Auxiliarybatteryintheenginecompartment(optionalequipment)
3 Brakeservo
4 Steeringcolumn
5 Steeringwheel
6 Rearaxlespringstrut
7 Five-linkrearsuspension
8 Rearaxleslipanglecontrol(HSR)(optionalequipment)
9 Electricactiverollstabilizationrear(EARSH)(optionalequipment)
10 Battery
11 Auxiliarybatteryfor24Vsteering
12 Discbrakewithelectricparkingbrakeontherearaxle
13 DynamicStabilityControl(DSC)

4
G30ChassisandSuspension
1.Introduction
Index Explanation
14 Discbrakeforfrontaxle
15 Double-wishbonefrontaxle
16 Electricactiverollstabilizationfront(EARSV)(optionalequipment)
17 ElectromechanicalPowerSteering(EPS)

ThebasicchassisontheG30differsfromtheF10byitsenhanceddynamicswithnolossofcomfort.
Thecriticalcontributionstoenhancingcomfortwereachievedbyoptimizationofthevehicleaxles.

TheG30has1,2or3batteriesdependingontheequipmentspecification.

G30 530i
Technicaldata Rear-wheeldrive xDrive
Wheelbase 2975mm 2975mm
Turningcircle 12.05m 12.22m
Groundclearance 144mm 139mm
VehicleUScurbweight 1699kg/3746lbs 1759kg/3878lbs
inkg/lbs

1.5.1.Highlights

Thefollowingoptionalequipmentisavailableinadditiontothebasicchassisandsuspension:

Msportssuspension(OE704)
Msportpackage(OE337)
Dynamicdampercontrol(EDC)(OE223)
IntegralActiveSteering(OE2VH)
AdaptiveDrive(OE2VA)onlyavailableinthe540iand540ixDrive
AdaptiveMSuspension(OE2VF)onlyavailableintheM550ixDrive

Allitemsofoptionalequipmentareavailableforalldrivevariants(includingxDrive).

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G30ChassisandSuspension
1.Introduction
Thefollowingtableshowsthedifferentequipmentspecificationsintheareaofthechassisand
suspension.

Systems Basic Integral Dynamic Adaptive


chassisand Active damper Drive
suspension Steering control
(EDC)
ElectronicPowerSteering

(EPS)
EPSwithvariablerack

geometry
Rearaxleslipanglecontrol

(HSR)
Dynamicdampercontrol

(EDC)
Conventionalanti-rollbaron

frontaxle
Conventionalanti-rollbaron

rearaxle
Electricactiveroll

stabilizationfront(EARSV)
Electricactiveroll

stabilizationrear(EARSH)
Vertical

accelerationsensors
Auxiliarybatteryinthe

enginecompartment(12V)

BMWM550ivehicles

TheAdaptiveMSuspensionoptionalequipmentcanonlybeorderedwiththeBMWM550idrive
variant.

Model AdaptiveDrive AdaptiveMSuspension


530i
540i
M550i

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G30ChassisandSuspension
1.Introduction
ThetablebelowshowsthedifferencesbetweentheAdaptiveDriveandAdaptiveMSuspension
optionalequipment.

Systems AdaptiveDrive AdaptiveM


Suspension
EPSwithvariablerackgeometry
Rearaxleslipanglecontrol(HSR)
Dynamicdampercontrol(EDC)
Electricactiverollstabilizationfront(EARSV)
Electricactiverollstabilizationrear(EARSH)
Verticalaccelerationsensors
Auxiliarybatteryintheenginecompartment

(12V)
10mmlowering

Bycontrastwithalltheotherchassisvariants,theElectronicDamperControl(EDC)iscombinedwitha
10mmloweringinthe"MDynamicProfessional"optionalequipment.

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G30ChassisandSuspension
2.Axles
2.1.Frontaxle

Double-wishbonefrontaxleintheG30

Index Explanation
1 Supportbearing
2 Wishbone,lower
3 Steeringbox
4 Crossmember
5 Universaljointofsteeringshafttosteeringgear
6 Castsidesection
7 Strut

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G30ChassisandSuspension
2.Axles
Index Explanation
8 Serviceopening
9 Rearstiffeninglabel
10 Steeringshaft
11 Universaljointofsteeringshafttosteeringcolumn
12 Trianglewishbone,top
13 Sidemember
14 Swivelbearing
15 Wheelbearingunit
16 Trackrodend
17 Trailinglink
18 Transversetube
19 Electricactiverollstabilizationatthefront(EARSV)(optionalequipment)
20 Castcorner
21 Castcornerconnection
22 Springstrutholder

Thedoublewishbonefrontaxleoffersthefollowingadvantages:

Lowerwishbonelevelbrokendownintotensionstrutandwishbone.
Outstandingdrivingdynamics,highagilitythankstohighachievablelateralacceleration.
Outstandingrollstabilizationwhencorneringwithoutanyreductioninridecomfort.
Highcomfortduetominimuminfluenceofdisturbancevariables.
Highcomfortthankstoshockabsorbersthatarepracticallyfreeoflateralforces.
Smooth,goodspringresponseoftheaxleandgooddirectionalstability.

Sincethewheelguideistakencareofbythetwowishboneplanes,practicallynomorelateralforces
actontheshockabsorber.Becauseofthelowerfrictionthatresultsfromthis,theshockabsorber
canreactsensitivelytoirregularitiesintheroadsurface.Thepistonrodcanbemadethinnerbecause
ofthefreedomfromlateralforces,whichmeansthatthefrictionintheshockabsorberisreduced
resultinginamoresimilardisplacementvolumeinthetractionandcompressiondirectionsforthe
shockabsorber.Thisisimportantfortheuseofanelectronicallyadjustableshockabsorbersystem.

Thefrontaxleisalmostentirelymadeofaluminium,whichhelpswithaxle-loaddistributionandthe
vehicleweight.

Thesteeringgearcanbeeasilyremovedforrepairifneeded.Time-consumingdismantlingofthefront
axleisunnecessary.

2.1.1.NotesforService
Thefollowingtableshowswhenwheelalignmentisnecessaryonthefrontaxlewhenacomponentis
replaced.

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G30ChassisandSuspension
2.Axles
Replacementofacomponent Wheelalignmentrequired
onthefrontaxle
Frontaxlesupport YES
Steeringrack YES
Wishbone,lower YES
Rubbermountforwishbone,lower YES
Trailinglink NO
Rubbermountfortrailinglink NO
Trianglewishbone,top NO
Rubbermountfortopwishbone NO
Trackrod YES
Swivelbearing YES
Wheelbearing NO
Springstrut NO
Supportbearing NO

Thefollowingtableshowswhenwheelalignmentisnecessaryonthefrontaxlewhenacomponent
isremoved.

Undoingthescrewconnection Wheelalignmentrequired
atthefrontaxle
Frontaxlesupporttobody NO
Steeringboxtofrontaxlesupport YES
Bottomwishbonetofrontaxlesupport YES
Bottomwishbonetoswivelbearing NO
Trailinglinktofrontaxlesupport NO
Trailinglinktoswivelbearing NO
Topwishbonetobody NO
Topwishbonetoswivelbearing NO
Trackrodtosteeringbox NO
Trackrodendtotrackrod YES
Trackrodendtoswivelbearing NO
Springstruttobottomwishbone NO
Supportbearingtobody NO
Bottomsteeringshafttosteeringbox NO
Uppersteeringshafttosteeringcolumn NO

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G30ChassisandSuspension
2.Axles
2.2.Rearaxle

Five-linkrearaxleintheG30

11
G30ChassisandSuspension
2.Axles
Index Explanation
1 Supportbearing
2 Shockabsorber
3 Rubbermountoftherearaxlesupportonthebody
4 Rubbermountoftherearaxlesupportontherearaxledifferential
5 Airdeflector
6 Cambercontrolarm
7 Wishbone
8 Camberlink
9 Wheelbearingunit
10 Wheelcarrier
11 Trailingarm
12 Controlarm
13 Compressionstrut
14 Axlesupport

Thefive-linkrearaxleischaracterizedbyprecisewheelguidancewithoutstandingdrivingdynamics.
Thisisparticularlynoticeablewithrespecttothefollowingcharacteristics:

Directionalstability,targetprecision
Loadtransfercharacteristics
Self-steeringresponse
Lanechangingstability
Transienthandlingcharacteristics(cornering/straight-aheaddriving)

Ithasbeenpossibletosubstantiallyreducetheconflictbetweenthegoalsofdrivingdynamicsand
comfortbyimplementingthefollowingmeasures:

Double-elasticmounting.
Rubbermountsbetweenrearaxledifferential,rearaxlesupportandbody.
Preload-reducedrearaxlemounts.
Lowertorsionstressontherearaxlebearingsthankstospringstrutspositioned
widetotheoutside.
Largesupportareafortherearaxlesupport.
Lowunsprungmassthankstoinnovativesheetsteelwishbonetechnologyinconjunctionwith
aluminiumforgedwishbonesandaluminium-wheelcarriers.

Thelargesupportfortherearaxlesupportandthepreload-reducedaxleconstructionareofgreat
significancefortheoutstandingdrivingdynamicsontheonehandandforacousticdecouplingon
theotherhand.Thismakesitpossibletoinstallpowerful,high-torqueenginesandtoreducethe
introductionofroadnoiseintothevehicle.

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G30ChassisandSuspension
2.Axles
Ithasbeenpossibletoproducethevariouswishbones,withtheexceptionoftheupperwishbone,
inasheetsteeldesign.Sheetsteelwishbonesoffersimilarweightadvantagestoaluminiumforged
wishbones,butarecheapertoproduce.Theyarealwaysusedwhenasimplemountinggeometry
isused(straightwishbones).Thetopwishbonehasbeenmanufacturedasanaluminiumforged
wishbonebecauseofitsmorecomplexdesign.

Replacementoftherubbermountsonsheetsteelwishbonesasaserviceoperationisnotpermitted.
Theentirewishbonemustbereplacedintheeventofweartoarubbermount.

2.2.1.NotesforService
Thefollowingtableshowswhenwheelalignmentisnecessaryontherearaxlewhenacomponentis
replaced.

Replacementofacomponent Wheelalignmentrequired
ontherearaxle
Rearaxlesupport YES
Rubbermountforrearaxlesupport YES
Cambercontrolarm YES
Camberlink YES
Trailingarm YES
Wishbone YES
Balljointinthewheelcarrier YES
Controlarm YES
Wheelcarrier YES
Wheelbearing NO
Springstrut NO
Supportbearing NO

Thefollowingtableshowswhenwheelalignmentisnecessaryontherearaxlewhenacomponent
isundone.

Undoingacomponentontherearaxle Wheelalignmentrequired
Rearaxlesupporttobody YES
Frontcompressionstruttobody NO
Camberlinktorearaxlesupport YES
Cambercontrolarmtowheelcarrier YES
Camberlinktorearaxlesupport YES
Camberlinktowheelcarrier NO
Trailingarmtorearaxlesupport YES

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G30ChassisandSuspension
2.Axles
Undoingacomponentontherearaxle Wheelalignmentrequired
Trailingarmtowheelcarrier YES
Controlarmtorearsuspensionsubframe YES
Controlarmtohubcarrier NO
Wishbonetorearaxlesupport NO
Wishbonetowheelcarrier NO
Springstruttowheelcarrier NO
Supportbearingtobody NO

Rearaxlepositioning

ComparisonofrearaxleontheG12withtheG30

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G30ChassisandSuspension
2.Axles
Index Explanation
A RearaxleoftheG12
B RearaxleoftheG30
1 Body
2 Mountingforrearaxlesupport
3 Centeringmountingforrearaxlesupport
4 Rearaxlesupport
5 Rubbermountoftherearaxlesupport

OntheG12,nocenteringmountingdowelsarefittedonthebodyforalignmentoftherearaxle.Anew
specialtoolwasusedtoalignthethrustanglewheninstallingtherearaxlesupport.

ThecenteringmountingdowelsareusedontheG30.Nospecialtoolisrequiredforinstallingtherear
axlesupport.

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G30ChassisandSuspension
3.Brakes

OverviewofthebrakesystemontheG30

Index Explanation
1 Wheelspeedsensorconnector,frontright
2 Electricparkingbrakeactuator
3 Brakepadwearsensorconnector,rearright(single-stage)
4 Wheelspeedsensorconnector,rearright
5 Wheelspeedsensorconnector,rearleft
6 Brakedisc,rear
7 Brakecaliper,rear
8 Automatic-holdbutton
9 Buttonforelectricparkingbrake
10 DSCbutton
11 Pedalmechanism
12 Brakeservo
13 Expansiontank
14 DSCunit

16
G30ChassisandSuspension
3.Brakes
Index Explanation
15 Brakecaliper,frontleft
16 Brakedisc,frontleft
17 Brakepadwearsensorconnector,frontleft
18 Wheelspeedsensorconnector,frontleft

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G30ChassisandSuspension
3.Brakes
3.1.Servicebrakes
TheelectricparkingbrakeontheF10wasactuatedbyaseparateEMFcontrolunit.Thisfunctionhas
beenintegratedintotheDSCcontrolunitontheG30.

3.1.1.Pedalmechanismmounting
ThepedalmechanismmountingusingballheadandplasticclipwastakenfromtheG12andis
identicalontheG30.

MountingofthepedalmechanismonthebrakeservolinkageintheG30

Index Explanation
A Brakeservolinkage
B Pedalmechanism
1 Ballhead
2 Plasticclamp

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G30ChassisandSuspension
3.Brakes
Aspecialtoolisneededtoundotheconnection(partnumber:83302409646).

Specialtoolforremovingthepedalmechanism

19
G30ChassisandSuspension
3.Brakes
3.1.2.Frontbrake

Overviewofthebrakecalipers

Differentbrakecalipersareuseddependingontheengineinstalledandequipmentspecification.
Thefollowingtableprovidesanoverviewofthevariousbrakecalipersforthefrontaxle.

Supplier Brakediscsize Caliper Caliperdesign/


[mm] brakepad

Fixedcaliper
1-part
4-piston
Continental 348x30
..........
Bondedpad
backingplate

Fixedcaliper
2-part
4-piston
Brembo 348x36
..........
Bondedpad
backingplate

Fixedcaliper
2-part
4-piston
Brembo 374x36
..........
Bondedpad
backingplate

Allfrontbrakecalipersaremadefromaluminium.

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G30ChassisandSuspension
3.Brakes
Bondedbrakepads

BondedbrakepadsareusedonthefrontbrakesoftheG30.Thebondedbrakepadsaresubstantially
lessintrusivewithregardtointerferencenoise.

BondedbrakepadonthefrontaxleoftheG30

Index Explanation
1 Brakepadpaste
2 Adhesivefilm
3 Padbackingplate

Thebondingsurfaceofthebrakepadmustnotbegreasedwiththebrakepadpaste.Theguideson
thesidemuststillbegreasedtoensureeaseofmovementofthebrakepadinthebrakecaliperslot.

Vibrationswhichmayarisefrommovementbetweenthepadbackingplateandbrakepistonare
preventedthankstotherigidconnectionofthebrakepadtothebrakepiston.

Thebondingsurfacemustneverbegreasedwiththebrakepadpaste.

Thesurfaceofthebrakepistonconnectedtothebondedpadbackingplatemustbecleaned
thoroughlybeforenewbondedbrakepadsareflitted.

Thebrakepedalmustbedepressedforabout1minuteafternewbondedbrakepadshavebeenfitted.
Thisensuresthatareliablebondedconnectionisachievedbetweenthebrakepistonandpadbacking
plate.

Thebrakepadsmustbereplacedifthebondedconnectiondoesnothold.Reusingtheoriginalpadsis
notpermitted.

Thebondedconnectionbetweenthebrakepistonandpadbackingplatemustnotbeseparatedwitha
hammerorscrewdriver,butonlywithaplasticwedge,soasnottodamagethebrakecaliper.

21
G30ChassisandSuspension
3.Brakes
Refertothelatestvalidrepairinstructionsfortheexactprocedureforworkingonthebrakesystem.

3.1.3.Rearbrakes

Overviewofthebrakecalipers

Twodifferentbrakecalipersareuseddependingontheengineinstalledandequipmentspecification.
Bothvariantshaveanactuatorforapplyingtheelectricparkingbrake.Thefollowingtableprovidesan
overviewofthevariousbrakecalipersfortherearaxle.

Supplier Brakediscsize[mm] Figure Features/brakepad

Aluminium
..........
Electricparkingbrake
TRW 330x20 actuator
..........
Greasedpadbacking
plate

Greycastiron
..........
Electricparkingbrake
TRW 345x24 actuator
..........
Greasedpadbacking
plate

Brakepads

Bondedbrakepadsarenotusedontherearaxle.

22
G30ChassisandSuspension
3.Brakes
3.1.4.MSportbrake

SportbrakeoptionalequipmentintheG30

AnMSportbrakeisavailableontheG30asoptionalequipment.TheMSportbrakeisincludedinthe
MSportPackage(OEZMP)forthevehicleslistedbelow.

Inaddition,theMSportbrakecanbeorderedasaseparateoptionalequipment(OE2NH)for530iand
the540iincludingxDriveversions.

TheMSportbrakeisincludedasstandardequipmentofBMWM550ixDrivevehicle.

23
G30ChassisandSuspension
3.Brakes
Overviewofthevariants

Thefollowingtableprovidesanoverviewofthevariousoptionalequipmentlevelsandengineversions
withwhichthesportbrakeisoffered.

Engine MSportbrakeintheM MSportbrakeas


sportpackage(OEZMP) separateoptional
equipment(OE2NH)
530i/530ixDrive
540i/540ixDrive
M550ixDrive Standard Standard

Vehicle Brakedisc Brakepad Figure Installation


size[mm] location

530i/530i Bondedpad Version1


348x36
xDrive backingplate front

540i/540i
Bondedpad Version2
xDrive&M550i 374x36
backingplate front
xDrive

530i/530i
xDrive540i/ Greasedpad
345x24 rear
540ixDrive& backingplate
M550ixDrive

3.2.Parkingbrake
Theelectricparkingbrakeisimplementedbymeansofacombinedbrakecaliperontherearaxle,as
ontheG12.TheelectricparkingbrakefunctionsareintegratedintotheDynamicStabilityControl
DSC.

Theelectricparkingbrakehasautomaticrollerdetectionformeasuringthebrakeforcesonabrake
teststand.

24
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
4.1.Wheelhub
ThehubandholecirclediameteroncurrentvehiclesproducedbytheBMWGroupwasmodifiedin
03/2014.Thehubdiameterwasreducedfrom72.5mmto66.5mm.Theholepatternwasmodified
from5x120(F01/F10)to5x112(G12/G30).

ComparisonofwheelhubonF10withthatonG30

Index Explanation
A F10hub
B G30hub

25
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
4.2.Tirepressurecontrol
TheG30isfittedwiththeRDCisystemthathasbeenusedinotherBMWvehicleswiththewheel
electronicssensorsmanufacturedbySchrader.Thecontrolunitforthesystemisincorporatedintothe
DSCmodule.

Thefollowingconditionsarerequiredtoteach-inthenewwheelelectronics.

Vehiclecondition 5minutes 17minutes


Parking(asleep)
Residing(awake)
PAD(testing-analysis-
diagnosis)
Steadydriving

4.2.1.Warnings
Thewarningsystemforthetirepressurecontrolhasbeencontinuallydevelopedandmodifiedtomeet
customerneedsduringthevariousdevelopmentstages.Thewarningsystemprovidesinformation
promptlyintheeventofpressuredeviationsandthusmakesanimportantcontributiontoavoiding
vehiclebreakdownsasaresultofinsufficienttirepressures.

Atpresentitispossibletodistinguishbetweenthreewarninglevels.

Warninglevel1

Warninglevel1CheckControlmessageintheG30

Index Explanation
1 Tirepressureinformation
2 Tirepressureslightlybelowthesetpointvalue,continueddrivingpermissible

Warninglevel1isamessagetothecustomerthatthetirepressurehasdroppedasaresultofnatural
diffusion(tirepressureloss).Therearenotechnicalproblemsanditispossibletodriveonwithout
concern.Forthisreason,theKOMBIinstrumentclusterisshowinganinformationsymbolonly.

26
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
Warninglevel2

Warninglevel2CheckControlmessageintheG30

Index Explanation
1 Inflatetires
2 Tirepressuretoolow,continueddrivingatamaximum
speedof130km/h(80mph)permitted

Thewarninglevel2messageisshownwhenthetirepressurehasdroppedbelowthelegalthreshold
andthecustomer'scomfortandsafetyisimpaired.ACheckControlmessageandayellowwarning
lightaredisplayedaccordinglyintheKOMBIinstrumentcluster.Itis,however,possibletodriveonat
moderatespeeds.Thetirepressureshould,however,becorrectedassoonaspossible.

Warninglevel2
21%-25%Tirepressureloss(coldpressure)

Warninglevel3

Warninglevel3CheckControlmessageintheG30

Index Explanation
1 Tirepressureloss,rearleft
2 Tirepressureloss,stopwithcare

27
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
Theyellowwarninglightisshownifthetirepressuredropssuddenlyorfallsbelowthewarninglevel
3threshold.Thecustomershouldstopwithcareandcheckthetiresvisually.Ifpossible,thetire
pressureshouldbecorrected.

Itispossibletodriveonatamaximumspeedof80km/h(50mph)ifthevehiclehasrun-flattires(RSC).

Warninglevel3 Active
Tirepressurelessthan1.5bar/22psi
Suddentirepressureloss

4.2.2.NotesforService
Allthreewarningsareanindicationofalossintirepressure.Thesystemisworkingcorrectlyand
faultlesslyastomonitorthetirepressures.Electricalvehiclediagnosisisnotnecessaryinthiscase,
asnofaultmemoryentryhasbeenstored.

Intheeventofwarninglevel2andwarninglevel3,thetireandthetirevalvemustalsobecheckedfor
leaksordamage.

Themanufacturer'sinformationmustbeobservedintheeventofanyworkonthewheelsandtires.
Failuretoobservetheserequirementscanleadtoseriousaccidents.

4.3.Tirepressures
Optimumadjustmentoftirepressureisnecessaryforthefollowingreasons:

Bestpossibledrivingdynamics.
Maximumutilizationoftireservicelife.
Reductionofthefuelconsumption.
Optimumoperationofvarioussuspensioncontrolsystems.

Forthis,thephysicalprinciplesshouldbeobservedincombinationwithpressureandtemperature.
Thefollowingruleofthumbapplies:Soatemperaturechangeforevery+/10Cor+/18F
relatestoanincreaseordecreaseintirepressureofroughly+/0.1baror1.4psi.Pleaserefertothe
temperaturechartbelow.

28
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires

Temperaturechart

Thetirepressuresspecifiedbythemanufacturerapplyforsummerandwinteroperation,irrespective
ofthetemperature.However,itmustbeobservedthatduetotheseasonaltemperaturedifferences,
thetirepressuresshouldbecheckedfrequently.

4.3.1.ColdTirepressure
Ifthetireairtemperatureisthesameasthecurrentambienttemperature,thisisreferredtoascoldtire
pressure.Thetirepressuresshouldonlybechangedwithacoldtirepressureonvehicleswithoutthe
electronictirepressurelabel.

4.3.2.WarmTirepressure
Duringlongertripsathigherdrivingspeedsthetirewarmsupduetothefrictionwiththeroadsurface.
Thetemperatureofthetireincreasesasaresultandthisisaccompaniedbyanincreaseintire
pressure.

29
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
Ifthereisasignificantdifferencebetweenambienttemperatureandtireairtemperaturethisisalways
referredtoaswarmtirepressure.Avoidchangingthetirepressureswhenthetireiswarmonvehicles
withouttheelectronictirepressurelabel.

4.4.Electronictirepressurelabel

4.4.1.Technicalfunctionaldescription
AnelectronictirepressurelabelisbeingusedforthefirsttimeatBMW.Thetirepressurelabelsticker
hasbeensupplementedintheG30byanadditionalusermenuintheCentralInformationDisplay
(CID).

Tirepressuresarechangingconstantlydependingontireairtemperature.Achangeinthetireair
temperatureforevery+/10Cor+/18Fcorrespondstoapressureincreaseorpressuredecrease
of+/0.1baror1.4psi.Forthisreason,youmayseeawarningmessageofinsufficienttirepressureif
yourtireshavecooledsignificantly.Inmanyofthesecases,thereisnottechnicalfault,butinsufficient
checkingofthetirepressureswhichshouldbecheckedatregularintervals.

Unlikethetirepressuresticker,theelectronictirepressurelabelpermanentlymonitorsthenominal
pressurestakingintoconsiderationthecurrenttemperatures.Thismeansthatitdeterminesand
displaystheoptimumtirepressureatanytemperature.

ElectronictirepressureslabelintheG30

Index Explanation
A ElectronictirepressurelabelintheCID
B Tirepressureinformationlabel

Onceyouhaveselectedtherelevanttiretype(summer/winter),thetiresizeontherearaxleandmax
speedrange,theappropriatetirepressuresareoutputtotheCID(nominalpressure).Followingthe
inputandbeforetheteach-indrive,thesecorrespondtothetirepressuresonthetirepressurelabel.

Thevehiclemustthenbedrivensoitcanlearnthenewsizewheelsandtires.Oncetheteach-indrive
hasbeensuccessfullycompleted,thecurrentoptimumtirepressuretakingintoconsiderationthe
tireairtemperaturesisalwaysdisplayed.Thiscandifferfromtheinformationontheconventionaltire
pressurelabelontheB-pillarbecauseithastakenthetireairtemperaturesintoconsideration.Correct
tirepressuresreducefuelconsumptionandensuregreaterdrivingsafety.

30
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
Thetireairtemperaturesaremeasuredbythefourwheelelectronicsunitsinthevariouswheels.Since
thewheelelectronicsunitsdonotbegintransmittinguntildrivingspeedhasreached20km/h(12
mph),itisnotpossibletodeterminethiswhilethevehicleisparked.Asubstitutevaluecanbeformed
usingtheoutsidetemperaturesensorwhenthevehicleisstationaryforwheelsthathavealreadybeen
taught-in(seethefollowingchapterMeasurementoftireairtemperatureswhenstationary).

Whennewwheelsandtiresareinstalled,forexampleduringawheelchangeintheworkshop,
thenominalpressure(coldtirepressure)cangenerallybeused.Whenwheelsarechangedinthe
winter,however,thegreattemperaturedifferencebetweentheambienttemperatureandthecurrent
temperatureofthetire(differencebetweenworkshoptemperatureandambienttemperature)must
betakenintoconsideration.Inthiscase,thetirepressurefromtheconventionaltirepressurelabel
shouldbecorrectedupwardssomewhat.Atemperaturedifferenceforevery+/10Ccorrespondsto
approximately0.1bartirepressurechange.

TirepressureinbarandtemperatureinC

Index Explanation
1 TireairtemperatureinC
2 Pressureinbar

Atemperaturedifferenceforevery+/18Fcorrespondstoapproximately1.4psioftirepressure
change.

31
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires

TirepressureinpsiandtemperatureinF

Index Explanation
1 TireairtemperatureinF
2 Pressureinpsi

Afterthewheelshavecompletedtheirteach-indrive,thenominalpressurescandifferfromtheactual
valuesdeterminedandenteredintheworkshop.Thebackgroundreasonforthisistheincorporation
ofthetemperaturesfollowingacompletedteach-indrive.Thecustomershouldbeinformedthat
althoughthetirepressureshavebeenchecked,thesecanconstantlychangedependingonthe
temperature.However,thetirepressuresshouldbeadjustedagainatanearlyopportunityifthe
differenceispermanentlymorethan0.2bar/2.9psi.

32
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
4.4.2.Systemoverview
Theelectronictirepressurelabelisanextensiontothevehiclesoftware.Noadditionalcomponents
arerequiredfortheintegrationofthisnewfunction.Alltheinformationissuppliedbysensorsthatare
alreadybuiltintothevehicle.

SystemoverviewoftheelectronictirepressurelabelintheG30

Index Explanation
1 Remotecontrolreceiver(FBD)
2 Wheelelectronics
3 DynamicStabilityControl(DSC)
4 Outsidetemperaturesensor
5 CentralInformationDisplay(CID)

33
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
4.4.3.Operation

MenuguidancefortheelectronictirepressurelabelontheG30

Index Explanation
A MyVehicle
B Vehiclestatus
C Tiresettings
D Tiretype(summer/winter)

34
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
Adistinctionmustbemadewhenusingtheelectronictirepressurelabelinthefollowingthree
situations:

Checkingthetirepressures.
Checkingthetirepressuresafterawheel/tirechange.
Checkingthetirepressuresofwheelandtirecombinations
thathavenotbeensaved(specialsizes).

Therelationshipsandthespecialfeaturesofoperationaredescribedingreaterdetailbelow.

Checkingthetirepressures

Thetirepressuretobesetonwheelsthathavealreadybeentaught-incanbeidentifiedfromthe
settingmenuasfollows:

MyVehicle
Vehiclestatus
TirePressureMonitor

Adjustmentofthetirepressuresforwheelsthathavealreadybeentaught-inintheCentralInformationDisplayontheG30

Ifthetirepressureshavetobechecked,itisonlynecessarytocalluptheTirePressureMonitor(TPM)
menuandcomparetherelevantnominalpressuresdisplayedwiththeactualpressures.Itmustbe
notedherethatthewheelandtirecombinationstoredmustmatchthewheelsizesactuallyfittedtothe
vehicle.Thedifferencedisplayedmustthenbecorrectedwiththehelpofatirefillingstation.Itisnot
necessarytoresetthetirepressurecontrolasitwasonprevioussystems.

AwarningissuedbytheTirePressureMonitor(TPM)alwaysrelatestothecurrentnominalpressure.

ThereisnoTPMresetprovisionforthewheelandtirecombinationsstored(standardsizes).TheTPM
warningsalwaysrelatetothenominalpressuredisplayed.Nonominalpressureisdisplayedifspecial
sizeshavebeenselected.Inthiscase,itisstillnecessarytocarryoutamanualTPMreset(see"tire
Selection:SpecialSizes"chapter).

35
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
Checkingthetirepressuresafterawheelchange

Thetirepressuretobesetonnewwheelscanbecompletedfromthesettingmenuasfollows:

MyVehicle
Vehiclestatus
TirePressureMonitor(TPM)
Tiresettings
Tiretype(summer/winter)

AdjustmentofthetiresizestobesetonnewwheelsintheCentralInformationDisplayontheG30

Theprocedureforsettinganewtiretypeisonlynecessaryunderthefollowingconditions:

Anewsetofwheelshasbeenfitted.
Themaxvehiclespeedhaschanged.
ThewheelandtirecombinationstoredintheCentralInformationDisplay(CID)doesnot
correspondtotheactualcombination.

Thenominalpressuresdisplayedaftertheinputandconfirmationofanewtiretypealwaysrelateto
thecoldtirepressure.ItisnotpossibletocompareactualandnominalpressuresthroughtheCentral
InformationDisplay(CID)asthesystemassumesthatanewsetofwheelshasbeenfittedandits
wheelelectronicsdonottransmitanytirepressureswhilethevehicleisstationary.

Awarningmessagemaybedisplayedintheeventofincorrectoperationofthesystem.If,forinstance,
anewtiretypeisselectedandconfirmedafteralonghighwayjourney,althoughthewheelscurrently
fittedhavenotbeenswapped,therewillbeconsiderablepressuredeviationsbetweenthenominal
pressuredisplayedintheCID(coldtirepressure)andtheactualtirepressureonthewheels(warmtire
pressure)becauseofthetemperaturedifferences.Thepressuredeviationdescribedcan,however,
onlybedeterminedusingatireinflator,asthesystemdoesnotdisplayanyactualpressureontheCID
afterconfirmationofthenewtiretype.Therecouldbeanewwarningmessageinthesubsequent
teach-indriveifthetirepressures(warmtirepressure)inthewheelswerenowtobeadjustedtothe
nominalpressuredisplayedontheCID(coldtirepressure)usingthetireinflator.

36
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
Thebackgroundreasonforthisistheincorporationofthetireairtemperaturestransmitted.When
thevehicleisinmotion,thewheelelectronicsareconstantlytransmittinglogswiththefollowing
information:

IdentificationnumberID
Batterystatus
Tirepressure
Tireairtemperature

Duringtheteach-indrivethesystemdetectsawarmtireandcalculatesahighertirepressurefor
inflationthanthenominalpressuredisplayedbeforestartingthedrive(coldtirepressure).The
differencebetweenthenominalpressureandtheactualpressurecannowbeseeninthetirepressure
controlmenu.Thetirepressuremustbeadjustedagain.

Whennewwheelsarefitted,forexampleduringawheelchangeintheworkshop,thetemperature
differencebetweentheambienttemperatureandthecurrenttemperatureofthetire(workshop
temperatureandambienttemperature)mustthereforestillbetakenintoaccount.

PromptstheCentralInformationDisplay(CID)

Correctresponsesmustbegivenforthefollowingpromptsinthemenutoenternewwheelandtire
combinations.

CentralInformationDisplay Description
Newwheelscanbeselectedfromthetire
Settingsmenuitem.
Importantnote:
Thenominalpressuredisplayedmustbe
adjustedifitisonlyaquestionofadjusting
thetirepressuresandnonewwheelshave
beenfitted.Resettingthetirepressure(TPM
reset)asrequiredonpreviousvehiclesisnot
necessary.TheTPMwarningpressuresthat
arecurrentlyvalidalwaysrelatetothenominal
pressuredisplayedintheCID.
Thetiretype(summer/winter)andthetiresize,
17,18,19or20canbeselectedfromthe
tireSettingsmenuitem.

Variouscombinationsoftireandwheelare
storedinthetireSelectionmenu.Findoutthe
correctsizeontherearaxleofthevehicleand
enteritintotheCentralInformationDisplay
(CID).

37
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
CentralInformationDisplay Description
TheSpecialApproval(differenttires)menuitem
canbeusedinthefollowingsituations:

Whenatiretypenotlisted(special
wheel/tirecombination)isbeingused.
Ifthecustomerwishestohaveatire
pressureotherthanthatstoredbythe
systemforhistiretype.
Whenthisfunctionisused,theTPMsystem
hastoberesetasbefore(TPMreset)following
acorrectionofthetirepressures.
Oncetheappropriatewheelandtire
combinationhasbeenselected,themaxvehicle
speedmustbespecified.Thepresetvalues
shouldnotbechangedbythecustomer.

Oncethemodifiedtiresettingshavebeen
confirmed,thesystemloadsthenewnominal
pressures.

38
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
CentralInformationDisplay Description
Thesystemthendisplaysthemodifiedtire
typeandthespeedrange.Thenewnominal
pressuresapplicableforthefrontandrearaxle
arealsodisplayed.Theoldactualpressures
storedhavebeendeleted.

Whenthedrivestarts>20km/h(>12mph),
thewheelelectronicsunitstransmittheirlogs.
Inthefirstteach-instagethetirepressuresare
merelycheckedforplausibilityanddisplayed
incolor.

Showningreen=tirepressureOK.
Showninyellow=tirepressurenotOK.

Inthesecondteach-instage,thevariouswheel
electronicsareassignedtotheparticularwheel
onwhichtheyarefitted.Aftersuccessful
assignmentofthewheelelectronics,theactual
valuescanbedisplayedandcomparedwiththe
nominalpressure.
Intheeventofpressuredeviations,itismerely
necessarytoadjusttheactualpressuretothe
nominalpressure.Itisnotnecessarytoreset
theTPMsystem(TPMreset).

Thenominalpressuresdisplayedmustbeobserved.Failuretodosomayresultintirepressure
warningsfromtheTirePressureMonitor(TPM)system.

39
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
4.4.4.Tireselection:specialsizes
Specialsizes(specialapproval)whicharenotlistedinthemenumustbeenteredbyselecting"Other
tires".

EnteringtirespecialsizesintheelectronictirepressureslabelontheG30

Index Explanation
1 Specialapproval(specialsizes)
2 Othertires
3 Performreset
4 Notethatresetpossibleonlywhenstationary
5 Firstteach-instage(wheelelectronicsIDsknown)
6 Secondteach-instage(wheelassignmentofthewheelelectronicscompleted)

Thisfunctionshouldbeusedforspecialtiresizesonly.Thereisnospecificationofthetirepressure
forthisselection.Followingconfirmationofthespecialtiresizesandadjustmentofthetirepressure,
theTPMlearnsthesettirepressureafterasuccessfulteach-indrive.Thismeansthatthewarning
thresholdvaluesarecalculatedbytheTPMsystemusingthetirepressurecurrentlyset.Thisfunction
inthismenuisidenticaltothatofpreviousTPMsystems.Thetirepressuresmustalwaysberesetin
thespecialsizesmenuafteranychange(TPMreset).Itisnotpossibletoperformanominal/actual
comparisonofthevarioustirepressures(nonominalpressureoutput).

Inexceptionalcases,thisfunctioncanalsobeusedtoaccommodatespecialcustomerrequirements.
Theoutputofthenominalpressurecanbedisabledbyselectingthespecialsizesifacustomerdoes
notwishtoacceptthenominalpressuresdisplayed.Thismakesitpossibletoteach-inanindividual
tirepressurefortheTPMsystemwarningthresholdvalues.

40
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
Ingeneral,thespecifiedminimumpressuresmustbeobservedwhenteaching-innewtirepressures.
Forexample,itisnotpossibletoteach-intirepressures<2.0bar/29psi.Inthisevent,atirepressure
losswarningwillbeoutputduringtheteach-intime.

4.4.5.Tirepressurelossdisplay
Ifthetirepressurefallsbelowthestoredwarningthresholdvaluesthedriverisinformed,whetherit
isacaseofsuddentirepressurelossorgradualtirepressuredropimmediatelythroughtheCentral
InformationDisplay(CID).

Thesystemonlywarnsofinadequatetirepressures.Thereisnosuchwarningforexcessivetire
pressure.

TirepressurelosswarningintheG30

Thewheelinquestionchangescolorfromgreentoyellowwhenthetirepressureistoolow.

41
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
4.4.6.Teaching-inthetirepressures
Thevehiclemustbedrivenatspeeds>20km/h(>12mph)toteach-innewtirepressures.Thecurrent
teach-instatus(progressasa%)isindicatedinthedisplay.

Displayoftheprocedureforteaching-innewtirepressuresintheCentralInformationDisplay(CID)ontheG30

Index Explanation
1 Note:Settingschangedto;tiretype:225/55R1797Y,over100mph
2 Note:Tirepressurebeingmeasured68%
3 Note:Tirepressuremeasurementsuccessfullycompleted

AssoonasthesystemhasacceptedtheIDofthenewwheelelectronics(firstteach-intime)thetires
areshownincolorintheCentralInformationDisplay(CID).

OncethetirepressuresappearontheCID,thesystemhascompletedthewheelassignment(second
teach-intime).

42
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
4.4.7.Measurementofthetireairtemperatureswhenstationary

InputandoutputgraphicintheelectronictirepressureslabelontheG30

43
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
Index Explanation
A Input
B Output
1 Tireairtemperature
2 Ambienttemperature
3 DynamicStabilityControl(DSC)
4 Tirepressureoutput
5 CentralInformationDisplay(CID)

Inthecaseofwheelelectronicsthathavealreadybeentaught-in,thecurrenttirepressuresare
outputthroughtheCentralInformationDisplay(CID)evenifthevehicleisstationary.However,the
relevanttireairtemperaturesarerequiredbeforethesystemcandisplaythetirepressuresthatare
currentlyapplicable.Thesearedeterminedandforwardedbythefourwheelelectronicsunitsat
regularintervalswhenthevehicleisinmotion.Sincethewheelelectronicsdonottransmitwhilethe
vehicleisstationary,thetireairtemperaturescanonlyberetrievedwhilethevehicleisinmotion.

Whenthevehicleisatastandstill,thetireairtemperatureiscalculatedusingaspecialalgorithm
(calculationmodel).Theinformationfromtheoutsidetemperaturesensorisrequiredforthis.

Oncethecalculationiscomplete,thespecifiedtirepressuresareoutputfromtheDSCtotheCID.

44
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires

MeasurementofthetireairtemperaturewhenstationaryG30

Index Explanation
A Tireairtemperature
B Time
C Ambienttemperature
1 Remotecontrolreceiver(FBD)
2 DynamicStabilityControl(DSC)
3 BodyDomainController(BDC)

45
G30ChassisandSuspension
4.Wheels/Tires
Thewheelelectronicssenddatalogstotheremotecontrolservice(FBD)uptoadrivingspeedof
about20km/h(12mph).ThelogsareforwardedfromthereviatheBodyDomainController(BDC)to
theDynamicStabilityControl(DSC).

Thedatalogsentlast,beforethevehiclestopsissavedwiththecorrespondingtireairtemperature.
Atthesametimetheambienttemperatureisdeterminedfromtheoutsidetemperaturesensorand
saved.Thetireairtemperaturecurrentlyvalidisthencalculatedusingthesetwovalues,takinginto
considerationthetimeforwhichthevehiclehasbeenstopped.AnalgorithmisstoredintheDSCfor
this.Afternomorethan2hoursthetireswillhavecooleddownsomuchthatthetireairtemperature
matchestheambienttemperature.

46
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl

FlexRaybusoverviewintheG30

47
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
Index Explanation
ACSM AdvancedCrashSafetyModule
DSC DynamicStabilityControl
EARSV Electricactiverollstabilizationfront
EARSH Electricactiverollstabilizationrear
EPS ElectromechanicalPowerSteering
HSR Rearaxleslipanglecontrol
SAS Optionalequipmentsystem
VDP VerticalDynamicPlatform
VTG Transfercase

AsisalreadyfamiliarfromtheG12,theG30doesnothaveIntegratedChassisManagement(ICM).The
ICMfunctionsaredistributedbetweentheoptionalequipmentsystem(SAS)andtheDynamicStability
Control(DSC).

IthasbeenpossibletofurtherimprovethedrivingdynamicsintheG30byselectiveuseofvarious
controlfunctions.Thisisparticularlykeenlyfeltinrelationtothesteeringbehavior,thetractionandthe
vehicle'sstability.

ThecontrolunitsnecessarytomeettherequirementsondrivingdynamicsarelocatedontheFlexRay
bus.Thisallowsthemtoquicklyexchangetheirinformationwitheachotherandreacttoevents.

Thefollowingactuatorsareactivatedasneeded:

RearaxleslipanglecontrolHSR(optionalequipment)
ElectronicPowerSteeringEPS(standardequipment)
DMEenginecontrolunit
VTGtransfercase(optionalequipment)
Electricactiverollstabilizationatthefrontandrear(EARSV/EARSH)(optionalequipment)
ElectronicDamperControl(EDC)(optionalequipment)

Thetablesbelowprovideanoverviewofthevariouscontrolfunctionsandtheireffectsonthe
drivability.

Steeringfunction Description Controlunits


Dynamicdrivingrear Agility/manoeuvrabilityinthelowspeedrangeis
axlesteering improvedbyselectivelysteeringintheopposite
direction(counter-steering)ontherearaxle. DSC
Amorestabledrivingbehaviorathigherspeeds HSR
isensuredbyselectivelysteeringinthesame
direction(co-steering)ontherearaxle.
Limitrangeresponse Thelimitrangeresponseinfluencesthesteering
torquestobeappliedbythedriversothatthe DSC
transitionfromstabledrivingtooverorundersteer EPS
situationsisbetterperceived.

48
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
Traction Description Controlunits
CorneringTraction Influencingtherollingmomentrelationships VDP
Control betweenfrontandrearaxleisusedtoimprovethe
tractionwhencornering. EARS

Drivingdynamic Regulatingthedrivetorquewithinlimitsonthe
interventionindrive basisofthecalculatedcoefficientoffrictionto DSC
torques avoidexcessivejumpsinASCcontrol.Amore
comfortabledesignisachievedbyreducingthe DME
interventionsfelt.
EfficiencyMode EfficiencyModeallowsareductioninconsumption
thankstoactivationofAWDfunctionalitywhen
itisneeded.Thetorquedistributiontowardsthe DSC
frontwheelscanbecompletelycut-offindriving
situationswhereall-wheeldriveisnotneeded. VTG
Smartcontrolallowsthetorquedistributiontobe
reactivatedagainproactivelytocontroltraction.

Stabilization Description Controlunits


CorneringSteering Selectiveinfluencingoftherollingmoment
Behavior relationshipbetweenfrontandrearaxlespromotes VDP
astableandagilecharacteristicofthevehicle'sself- EARS
steeringresponse.
Yawratecontrol Selectivesteeringmovementsontherearaxlein DSC
situationssuchasoverorundersteerstabilizethe
vehicle. HSR

Yawmoment Theyawmovementofthevehiclearisingunder
compensation heavybrakingcoefficientsoffrictionbetweenthe DSC
left-handandright-handsidesofthevehicleis
compensatedforbyselectivesteeringmovements HSR
ontherearaxle.
Yawmoment Adviceisgiventothedriverregardingthesteering
compensation necessarytocompensatefortheyawmovementof
thevehiclearisingunderheavybrakingcoefficients DSC
offrictionbetweentheleft-handandright-hand EPS
sidesofthevehiclebyselectiveactionsbytheEPS
onthesteering.
PerformanceControl Enhancesdrivingsafetyanddrivingdynamicswhen
corneringbyselectivedistributionofthedriveand
brakeforcestotheindividualwheels.Thetendency
ofthevehicletooverorundersteerisreduced
bybrakeinterventionsonindividualwheels.At DSC
thesametime,thedrivingpowerispassedto DME
theoutsidewheelswhichhavetocoveragreater
distance.Thedecelerationcausedbythebrake
interventionisfurthermorecompensatedforby
increasingtheenginetorque.

49
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
5.1.DynamicStabilityControl(DSC)
AlongsidetheVerticalDynamicsPlatform(VDP)controlunit,theDynamicStabilityControl(DSC)
representsthecoreelementofthedrivingdynamicscontrolsystemsusedtoincreaseactivesafety.It
optimizesdrivingstabilityinalldrivingconditionsandalsotractionwhendrivingoffandaccelerating.

Furthermore,itidentifiesunstabledrivingconditionssuchasunderoroversteeringandhelpsmaintain
thestabilityofthevehicle.

TRWDynamicStabilityControl(DSC)EBC460

Index Explanation
1 DSCcontrolunit
2 Rearleftwheelbrakeconnection
3 Rearrightwheelbrakeconnection
4 Frontrightwheelbrakeconnection
5 Frontleftwheelbrakeconnection
6 Tandemmasterbrakecylinderforbrakecircuit1connection
7 Hydraulicunits

50
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
Index Explanation
8 Electricmotor
9 Holder
10 Tandemmasterbrakecylinderforbrakecircuit2connection
11 DSCcontrolunitconnectorstrip

TheconnectionshavedifferingthreaddiameterstopreventconfusionofthebrakelinesontheDSC.

5.1.1.Functions
ModernDSCunitshaveavarietyofdifferentfunctionswiththehelpofwhichtheysupportthedriverin
hazardoussituationsandinsportydriving.

Function Description
ABS Preventsthewheelsfromlockingunderbraking.
AntilockBrakeSystem
EBV Regulatesdistributionofthebrakeforcetothefrontandrear
Electronicbrakeforce axlesdependingontheloadstatusofthevehicle.
distribution
CBC Regulatesbrakepressureunderbrakingwhencornering.
CorneringBrakeControl
DBC Appliesmaximumbrakepressureintheeventofpanicbraking
DynamicBrakeControl andthusshortensthestoppingdistance.
ASC Preventsthedrivewheelsspinningwhendrivingoffby
AutomaticStabilityControl interveningintheengineandbrakes.
MSR Preventsthedrivewheelslockingupbecauseofbrakingbythe
Enginedragtorquecontrol motorwhenthereisalowcoefficientoffrictionwiththeroad
surface.
DSC Preventsundersteeroroversteerinalldrivingsituationsby
DynamicStabilityControl selectivebrakingandenginemanagementinterventionson
individualwheels.
DTC ReducesDSCinterventionsandthusenhancesdriveonloose
DynamicTractionControl surfaces.
DBC Detectspanicbrakingandsupportsthedriverthroughimmediate
DynamicBrakeControl applicationofmaximumbrakepressure.
ADB Replicatesthefunctionofadifferentiallock.
AutomaticDifferentialBrake Ifawheeldisplaysatendencytospin,thiswheelisautomatically
brakedsothatpropulsioncanstillbeachievedviatheother
wheelofthedrivenaxle.
Hydraulicbrake-servo Increasesthebrakepressureappliedhydraulicallyintheeventof
assistance failureofthebrakeservoorvacuumsupply.
Brakedrying Driesthefrictionsurfaceofthebrakediscbycyclicallyapplying
thebrakepadsinrain(nobrakingperceptible).

51
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
Function Description
Brakestandby Buildsupamoderatebrakepressurewhenthedrivertakeshis
footofftheacceleratorpedalveryquickly.Thismeansthatthe
brakingeffectwillbeginsoonerintheeventofsubsequentpanic
braking.
FadingBrakeSupport Supportsthedriverwhenbrakingifthebraketemperaturehas
becomeveryhighduetoanextremedrivingstyleandthedesired
decelerationcanbeachievedonlybyapplyingahigherbrake
force.
Drive-offassistant Holdsthevehicleforapproximately1.5secondsonuphill
gradientsalthoughthedriverhasalreadyreleasedthebrake.
Thismeansthatthedrivercandriveoffcomfortably,withoutthe
vehiclerollingbackdownthehillunintentionally.
AutomaticHold Automaticallyholdsthevehicleafterithascometoastandstill
withoutitbeingnecessarytostillpressthebrakewhenthedrive
positionisselected.Thebrakeisautomaticallyreleasedagainon
subsequentacceleration.Thereisabuttontoenableanddisable
thefunctionmanually.
Electricparkingbrake WhentheparkingbrakebuttonispressedtheDSCcontrolunit
controlsthetwoactuatorsontherearaxlebrakecaliper.Thetwo
electricmotorsintheactuatorsoperateaspindledrivewhich
usesthebrakepistontopressthebrakepadsagainstthebrake
discwithahighpreloadforce.
Brakepadweardetection Monitorsthefrontleftandrearrightbrakepadsforwearand
reportsacorrespondingservicerequirementthroughtheKOMBI
instrumentclusterortheCentralInformationDisplay(CID).
Tirepressurecontrol Monitorsthecurrenttirepressuresonallwheelsandprovides
informationwhenpressuresfallbelowstoredwarningthreshold
valuesbyissuingcorrespondinginstructions.

TheHillDescentControl(HDC)isnolongerusedonpassengercarswithxDrive,HDCiscurrentlyonly
usedontheXmodels.(X5,X6etc.)

5.2.Steering
TheG30hasElectronicPowerSteering(EPS)inthefollowingdifferentversions:

Standardsteering12V
IntegralActiveSteering12V
IntegralActiveSteering24V

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G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
5.2.1.Overviewofequipmentspecifications
Thefollowinggraphicshowstheinstallationpositionsofthedifferentsystemcomponents.

OverviewofsteeringsystemtypesintheG30

Index Explanation
1 ElectromechanicalPowerSteering
1a Conventionalrackgeometry(standardsteering)
1b Variablerackgeometry(IntegralActiveSteering)
2 PowerControlUnit(PCU)(onlyfor24Vsteering)
3 RearaxleslipanglecontrolIntegralActiveSteering
4 12Vauxiliarybattery(onlyfor24Vsteering)
5 Separatingelement(onlyfor24Vsteering)
6 12Vbattery
7 DynamicStabilityControl(DSC)

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G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
Onlythebasicsteeringisofferedinsomevehicletypes.

Components Standard IntegralActive IntegralActive


steering12V Steering12V Steering24V
EPSwithnormalrack

geometry
EPSwithvariablerack

geometry
12Vbattery
12Vauxiliarybattery
PowerControl
UnitPCU(DC/DC
converter150W)
Rearaxleslipangle

controlHSR

IntegralActiveSteeringisofferedas12Vor24Vsteeringdependingonthefrontaxleload.

ThefollowinginformationforthevoltagerangeoftheIntegralActiveSteeringappliesforserieslaunch.
Thevaluescanchangeatanypointduringseriesproduction.

Vehicles

Model Engine Rear-wheeldrive All-wheeldrive


withIntegral withIntegral
ActiveSteering ActiveSteering
530i 4-cylinderB46 12V 12V
gasolineengine
540i 6-cylinderB58 12V 12V
gasolineengine
M550i 8-cylinderN63TU2 12V 24V
gasolineengine

54
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
5.2.2.Steeringwheels

OverviewofthesteeringwheelversionsontheG30

Index Explanation
A Sportssteeringwheelwithshiftpaddles(382mm)standardon
allG30modelsexceptontheM550ixDrive
B Msportssteeringwheelwithshiftpaddles(373mm)standard
ontheM550ixDrive,optionalonallotherG30models

Thefollowingadditionalfunctionsinthesteeringwheelcanbepresentasoptions:

Heatedsteeringwheel.
Steeringwheelvibrationforassistancesystemssuchaslanedepartureandlanechange
warning.
Touchdetectionforthetrafficjamassistantfunction.

5.2.3.Steeringcolumnadjustment
Steeringcolumnisadjustedelectronically.

Steeringcolumnadjustment Forward/backadjustment Heightadjustment


Electric 60mm +/-20mm

55
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
5.3.ElectricActiveRollStabilization(EARS)

SystemoverviewofelectricactivestabilizationintheG30

Index Explanation
1 Electricactiverollstabilizationfront(EARSV)
2 Frontrightverticalaccelerationsensor
3 Auxiliarybatteryintheenginecompartment
4 Rearrightverticalaccelerationsensor
5 VerticalDynamicsPlatform(VDP)
6 Rearrightpowerdistributionbox
7 PowerControlUnit(PCU)
8 Electricactiverollstabilizationrear(EARSH)
9 Rearleftverticalaccelerationsensor
10 Frontrightverticalaccelerationsensor

56
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
Theelectricalactivestabilizers(EARS)hadtheirseriesintroductionintheG12.Thestabilizersare
availabletothecustomeronlyasoptionalequipmentinconjunctionwithfurthersuspensioncontrol
systems(seeHighlightschapter).ThesystemhasbeenadoptedinfullintheG30withtheexceptionof
thepreviewfunction.

Thepreviewfunction,whichwasimplementedontheG12usingthestereocamera,isnotusedonthe
G30.Forthisreason,thenameoftheoptionalequipmenthasbeenchangedfromExecutiveDrive
ProontheG12toAdaptiveDriveorDynamicHandlingPackageontheG30.

57
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
5.3.1.Systemwiringdiagramforthevoltagesupply

EARSsystemwiringdiagramintheG30

58
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
Index Explanation
1 DigitalMotorElectronics(DME)
2 Startermotor
3 Electricactiverollstabilizationatthefront(EARSV)
4 Alternator
5 Powerdistributionbox,enginecompartment
6 Jumpstartterminalpoint
7 Auxiliarybatteryintheenginecompartment
8 Powerdistributionbox,auxiliarybattery,enginecompartment
9 Powerdistributionbox,frontright
10 BodyDomainController(BDC)
11 FuseintheBodyDomainController
12 CANterminator
13 Powerdistributionbox,rear
14 Fuseinthepowerdistributionbox
15 PowerControlUnit(PCU)
16 Electricactiverollstabilizationattherear(EARSH)
17 Batterypowerdistributionbox
18 Safetybatteryterminal
19 Battery
20 Powerdistributionbox,frontleft(PHEVversiononly)

59
G30ChassisandSuspension
5.DrivingStabilityControl
5.3.2.Currentflow
Thegraphicbelowshowsthecontrolcharacteristicsdependingontheroadsurfaceortheroute.

CurrentflowonthepowersupplylinetotheelectricalactivestabilizerintheG30

Index Explanation
A Roughroadcondition
B Avoidancemaneuver
C Trafficcircle
D Smoothroadcondition

60