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COMSOL Design Tool

Project Descriptions
Ayata Masafumi
Christidis George
Salamin Yannick

Ayata Masafumi ayata.masafumi@ief.ee.ethz.ch


Institute of Electromagnetic Fields (IEF) Salamin Yannick - yannick.salamin@ief.ee.ethz.ch | 07.04.2016 | 1
Christidis George george.christidis@ief.ee.ethz.ch
Content
Project descriptions
Directional Coupler
Ring Resonator
Delay Line Interferometer (3 Students)
MMI coupler
Bragg Mirror
Grating coupler (3 Students)

Ayata Masafumi ayata.masafumi@ief.ee.ethz.ch


Institute of Electromagnetic Fields (IEF) Salamin Yannick - yannick.salamin@ief.ee.ethz.ch | 07.04.2016 | 2
Christidis George george.christidis@ief.ee.ethz.ch
Directional Coupler

Characteristics: Project goals:


Coupling factor Equal divider (50/50)
Passive device Unequal divider (90/10)
Use:
Things to be considered:
Power divider
Bending losses
Sampling signal
Convergence
Signal combination
Ayata Masafumi ayata.masafumi@ief.ee.ethz.ch
Institute of Electromagnetic Fields (IEF) Salamin Yannick - yannick.salamin@ief.ee.ethz.ch | 07.04.2016 | 3
Christidis George george.christidis@ief.ee.ethz.ch
Ring Resonator
Task 1 Task 2
Wavelength = 1550 nm Wavelength = 1550 nm
Notch filter 50:50 output
>30 dB ER
Q factor ~10000
10 nm
FSR 10 nm

Ayata Masafumi ayata.masafumi@ief.ee.ethz.ch


Institute of Electromagnetic Fields (IEF) Salamin Yannick - yannick.salamin@ief.ee.ethz.ch | 07.04.2016 | 4
Christidis George george.christidis@ief.ee.ethz.ch
Delay Line Interferometer
Wavelength = 1550 nm MMI output coupling
Minimize bending losses 20 dB extinction ratio
Delay line = /2, and 2-shift
Coupling 50:50

0 /2

Ayata Masafumi ayata.masafumi@ief.ee.ethz.ch


Institute of Electromagnetic Fields (IEF) Salamin Yannick - yannick.salamin@ief.ee.ethz.ch | 07.04.2016 | 5
Christidis George george.christidis@ief.ee.ethz.ch
Multimode Interferometer

Characteristics: Project goals:


Constructive Interference Output ratio (50/50)
Passive device Output ratio (90/10) Optimized
Use: Things to be considered:
Accurate measurement of MMI length
Optical spectrum analyzer MMI width
High precision of surface
topography

Ayata Masafumi ayata.masafumi@ief.ee.ethz.ch


Institute of Electromagnetic Fields (IEF) Salamin Yannick - yannick.salamin@ief.ee.ethz.ch | 07.04.2016 | 6
Christidis George george.christidis@ief.ee.ethz.ch
Bragg Mirror
Reflection properties are defined
Mirrors are key parts in making by period of the mirror (), filling
a laser, for example factor, and number of periods
The question is, how to make a Goal is to design mirror with
broad band mirror? 99% of reflectivity over defined
range of wavelengths
Extension: turn mirror into filter!

Ayata Masafumi ayata.masafumi@ief.ee.ethz.ch


Institute of Electromagnetic Fields (IEF) Salamin Yannick - yannick.salamin@ief.ee.ethz.ch | 07.04.2016 | 7
Christidis George george.christidis@ief.ee.ethz.ch
Grating coupler
Grating couplers are key The angle at which light is
components for actually use refracted depends on periodicity
light for real applications and duty cycle.
On chip coupling The efficiency depends on
Off chip coupling Grating parameters
Fiber angle (grating influenced)
Fiber position (x0 dominantly)

Fundamental mode of the fiber


Gaussian shape

x=0
y=y0
x=x0
Duty cycle:

Air

ht
hwg Si
y=0
SiO2
detch

Ayata Masafumi ayata.masafumi@ief.ee.ethz.ch


Institute of Electromagnetic Fields (IEF) Salamin Yannick - yannick.salamin@ief.ee.ethz.ch | 07.04.2016 | 8
Christidis George george.christidis@ief.ee.ethz.ch
Grating coupler
Grating couplers are key The goal is to optimize efficiency
components for actually use Look at the coupling angle
light for real applications Position the fiber
On chip coupling Extension
Off chip coupling Non uniform grating

Fundamental mode of the fiber


Gaussian shape

x=0
y=y0
x=x0
Duty cycle:

Air

ht
hwg Si
y=0
SiO2
detch

Ayata Masafumi ayata.masafumi@ief.ee.ethz.ch


Institute of Electromagnetic Fields (IEF) Salamin Yannick - yannick.salamin@ief.ee.ethz.ch | 07.04.2016 | 9
Christidis George george.christidis@ief.ee.ethz.ch
Project Assignment & Reports
Project Assignment
Decide on a partner/s (3 groups of 2 persons + 1 group of 3 person ???)
Review the topics (literature)
Pick 3 topics (order of preference) and email ALL of us
First come first served basis !!! (All projects are of equal difficulty/grading)

Project (6-7 weeks)


Initial presentation (in 1~2 weeks)
Final presentation 12 minutes presentation + 3 minutes questions (to be
arranged)
Project review/paper (no more than 8-10 pages)

Each group will be assigned an advisor


Best to communicate directly with your designated advisor (email: preferable, in
person: after appointment). Of course if you need help someone will be around

Ayata Masafumi ayata.masafumi@ief.ee.ethz.ch


Institute of Electromagnetic Fields (IEF) Salamin Yannick - yannick.salamin@ief.ee.ethz.ch | 07.04.2016 | 10
Christidis George george.christidis@ief.ee.ethz.ch