Chapter 1 California Math

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Chapter 1 California Math

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1 Number Sense

Place value is the value given to a digit by its position in

a number.

Notice that each number has a different value.

Honeybee Facts

Travels 15 miles per hour

Makes 154 trips to make one tablespoon of honey

Wing stroke of 11,400 times per minute

Source: honey.com

Read and write whole numbers to millions.

Compare and order whole numbers.

Round whole numbers.

Use the four-step plan to solve problems.

Key Vocabulary

place value

standard form

expanded form

is greater than (>)

is less than (<)

at ca.gr4math.com

Isidor Stankov/iStockphoto

Make this Foldable to help organize information about place value

and number sense. Begin with one sheet of notebook paper.

paper. Leave a two- side and the left sides. Then cut Take notes as you

inch tab at the top. side to make three along the creases move through the

equal sections. as shown. chapter.

ARE YOU READY for Chapter 1?

You have two ways to check prerequisite skills for this chapter.

Option 2

Take the Chapter Readiness Quiz at ca.gr4math.com.

Option 1

Complete the Quick Check below.

(Prior grade)

1. 2.

Ones Ones

hundreds tens ones hundreds tens ones

6 4 9 9 5

3. 79 4. 30 5. 90 6. 165

12. 40 4 13. 59 59 14. 888 898 15. 682 700

16. Nora earned $425. She wants to buy a video game system

that costs $375. Does she have enough money? Explain.

17. 26 18. 4 19. 18 20. 75

it be reasonable to say that Carlsbad is about 30 miles from

San Diego?

Place Value Through

1-1 Hundred Thousands

line that is almost 184,800 feet

(about 35 miles) long. Do you know

the value of each digit in 184,800?

MAIN IDEA

I will read and write

whole numbers to

hundred thousands.

4NS1.1 Read 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. A place-value chart shows the

and write whole value of the digits in a number. Each group of three digits is

numbers in the called a period . Each period is separated by a comma.

millions.

Period Period

digit

hundreds tens ones hundreds tens ones

place value

period 1 8 4 8 0 0

standard form

word form

expanded form

EXAMPLE Identify Value of Digits

1 Write the value of the underlined digit in 184

,800.

Step 1 Write the number in a place-value chart.

Thousands Ones

hundreds tens ones hundreds tens ones

1 8 4 8 0 0

Step 2 Identify the column where the 4 is located. Circle it.

Step 3 Replace all the digits that are to the right of the

4 with zeros.

The underlined digit has a value of 4,000. This is because

the 4 is in the thousands place.

Standard form is the usual way to write a number using

digits. Word form is the way you read or say a number.

Expanded form shows the value of each digit.

2 Write 628,371 in word form and expanded form.

numbers in word

hundreds tens ones hundreds tens ones

form, the word and is

not used.

6 2 8 3 7 1

three hundred seventy-one

70 + 1

form and in expanded form.

Write the value of the underlined digit. See Example 1 (p. 17)

1. 32,08

6 2. 78,3

87 3. 10

9,378 4. 5

90,320

Write each number in word form and in expanded form. See Examples 2 and 3 (p. 18)

5. 5,789 6. 18,046 7. 49,909 8. 270,006

form and expanded form. See Examples 2 and 3 (p. 18)

10. China has 555,200 fast food restaurants. 11. Do 800,600 and 860,000

Write 555,200 in word form. represent the same values?

Explain.

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Write the value of the underlined digit. See Example 1 (p. 17)

12. 59,8

33 13. 7

2,134 14. 93,74

3 15. 174,305

16. 593,8

02 17. 8

26,193 18. 830,259

19. 9

26,794

Write each number in word form and in expanded form. See Examples 2 and 3 (p. 18)

20. 5,050 21. 3,791 22. 57,402 23. 89,074

24. 243,895 25. 485,830 26. 649,320 27. 784,132

Write each number in standard form and in expanded form. See Examples 2 and 3 (p. 18)

28. twenty-five thousand, four hundred eight

31. 7,000 + 600 + 30 + 5 32. 20,000 + 900 + 70 + 6 33. 60,000 + 80 + 4

Science The photo shows an African elephant.

34. African elephants can weigh up to

1

4,432 pounds. What is the value of the

underlined digit?

35. Write 14,432 in expanded form.

36. A zookeeper weighed a newborn African

elephant. He was 232 pounds. After

one year, the elephant had gained

1,000 pounds. Write the elephants new

weight in standard form and word form.

hundreds place and a 6 in the hundred thousands place.

694,213 will change if you move it to the tens place.

Elizabeth DeLaney/Index Stock Imagery

Math Activity for 1-2

Explore

How Big is One Million?

You can use models to help understand the value of 1,000,000.

Model 1,000,000.

Cut out a

concept of a million. thousand cube

model. Fold the

Standard edges where

4NS1.1 Read the sides meet

and write whole

numbers in the

and form a cube.

millions. This shows 1,000.

Standard 4MR2.3 Use

a variety of methods, Step 2 Model 10,000.

such as words,

numbers, symbols, Work with your classmates.

charts, graphs, Use 10 of the cubes to

tables, diagrams, and

show 10,000.

models, to explain

mathematical

reasoning. Step 3 Model 100,000.

Make more cubes to build a model of 100,000.

You Will Need

thousand cube sheet

scissors Step 4 Create 1,000,000.

tape

Suppose you were to build a model of 1,000,000.

How many more 100,000 models would you need?

(Hint: There are ten 100,000s in 1,000,000).

Animation

ca.gr4math.com

Ed-Imaging

Think About It

1. How did you build a model of 10,000?

3. How are the models you built and drew like the models for

ones, tens, and hundreds?

4. What number patterns did you see as you built and drew

these models?

5.

6.

are in 1,000?

count to one million.

in 1,000,000? Explain your answer.

Place Value Through

1-2 Millions

Baseball is one of

Americas favorite sports.

Baseball Game Attendance

The graph shows how 3,770,000

Attendance

many fans attended 4 3,480,000 3,450,000

MAIN IDEA

games for three teams 3

I will read and write during recent years. 2

whole numbers

The attendance numbers

through the millions. 0

are in the millions. New York Los Angeles Cleveland

Yankees Dodgers Indians

Standard

4NS1.1 Read Team

and write whole

numbers in the

millions.

A place-value chart can be used to read and write numbers in

the millions. The place-value chart below shows the value of

each digit in 3,480,000, the attendance at the Los Angeles

Dodgers baseball games.

ones hundreds tens ones hundreds tens ones

3 4 8 0 0 0 0

1 SCIENCE The human eye blinks an average

of 5,500,000 times a year. Write 5,500,000 in

three ways.

Real-World EXAMPLE

2 CARS United States

citizens own one

hundred thirty-five

million, seven hundred

thousand cars. Write

this number in

standard form and

in expanded form.

written in the place-value chart below.

hundreds tens ones hundreds tens ones hundreds tens ones

1 3 5 7 0 0 0 0 0

+ 700,000

Personal Tutor at ca.gr4math.com

Write the value of the underlined digit. See Examples 1 and 2 (pp. 2223)

1. 469,99

9 2. 1

,040,710 3. 35,0

98,098 4. 8

3,023,215

Write each number in word form and in expanded form. See Example 1 (p. 22)

5. 2,007 6. 43,980 7. 302,806 8. 38,000,875

Write each number in standard form and in expanded form. See Example 2 (p. 23)

9. nine hundred thousand, five hundred fifty-two

10. two hundred forty-six million, nine hundred thousand, eighteen

11. On Sunday, 2,617,000 newspapers were 12. Explain how to find the

sold. How many newspapers were sold in value of the underlined digit

word form and expanded form? in the number 26,057,928.

Claver Carroll/CORBIS

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Write the value of the underlined digit. See Examples 1 and 2 (pp. 2223)

13. 132,6

85 14. 3

09,573 15. 309

,841 16. 7,824,01

5

17. 40,24

5,854 18. 6

8,210,397 19. 73,581,2

09 20. 97

,530,284

Write each number in word form and in expanded form. See Example 1 (p. 22)

21. 29,205 22. 82,009 23. 901,452 24. 200,013

Write each number in standard form and in expanded form. See Example 2 (p. 23)

29. two hundred thirty-eight thousand, three hundred seventy

four hundred

33. 200,000 + 60,000 + 3,000 + 200 + 70 + 3

35. As of 2004, the population of 36. Measurement The land area for

Los Angeles was 3,694,820. Write California is 400,000 + 3,000 + 900 +

Los Angeles population in word form. 70 square kilometers. Write the area in

word form.

Planets The Sun and Earth are shown.

37. The distance from Earth to the Sun is

92,955,793 miles. Write this number in

word form and expanded form.

38. The amount of time that U.S. astronauts

have spent in space is about

13,507,804 minutes. Is this number Sun

read as thirteen million, fifty-seven thousand,

eight hundred four? Explain. Earth

(bc) Pixtal/SuperStock, (br) Brand X/SuperStock

39. OPEN ENDED Write an eight-digit number that has a 7 in the

ten millions place and a number in the thousands place with a

value of 2,000.

40. CHALLENGE Write the number with the smallest value using the

digits 1 through 9. Use each digit only once.

Explain your answer.

1,000 thousands = 1,000,000

number is missing in 3,947 = 3,000 + + 40 + 7.

43 Which number below is the word 44 Yosemite National Park hosts three

form of 57,302? (Lesson 1-1) million, three hundred seventy

A five thousand, three hundred two thousand visitors each year. What is

this number in standard form?

B fifty-seven thousand, three (Lesson 1-2)

hundred twenty F 3,307,000

C fifty-seven thousand, three G 3,370,000

hundred two

H 30,307,000

D five hundred thousand, three

hundred two J 30,370,000

45. 10,4

98 46. 12,00

4 47. 3

0,182

Write each number in standard form and expanded form. (Lesson 1-1)

48. three thousand five

49. four million, six hundred thirty-seven thousand,

five hundred four

50. seventeen million, twenty thousand, four hundred fifty-eight

1-3 Problem-Solving Strategy

MAIN IDEA I will solve problems using a four-step plan.

Standard 4MR1.1 Analyze problems by identifying relationships, distinguishing relevant from irrelevant information, sequencing

and prioritizing information, and observing patterns. Standard 4NS3.0 Students solve problems involving addition,

subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers and understand the relationships among the operations.

They are planning a trip to the local

amusement park. Admission for children

is $12. What is the total cost of admission

for everyone to go?

There are six scouts who

want to go.

The total cost of admission for all the girls.

Plan To find the total cost, you can use addition. There are 6 girls, and

it will cost $12 each. So, add 12 six times.

amusement park.

Check Look back at the problem. One way to check the answer is to

use a drawing.

$12

Paul Seheult/Eye Ubiquitous/CORBIS

Refer to the problem on the previous page.

1. Explain why multiplication was used to 3. Refer to Exercise 2. Draw a model to

solve the problem. check. Explain how the model shows

that your answer is correct.

2. In the problem, the price for an adult

admission was not included. Suppose 4. If three adults were to go on the trip

the price of an adult ticket is $8 more with the scouts, how much would

than a childs ticket. Find the total cost admission cost for everyone to go?

of three adult tickets. Explain. Explain how you found your answer.

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Solve. Use the four-step plan. 9. The opening phrase of the Gettysburg

5. A class is playing a game. Each Address is shown. A score is 20 years.

correct answer is worth 5 points. How many years would be in four

Team 1 has 55 total points. Team score and seven years?

2 has answered 12 questions

correctly. Who has answered more

questions correctly?

takes about 3 minutes to download

one song. If she downloads an

album with 10 songs, about how

long will it take her to download 10. Scott spends 1 hour a day in math

the album? class. How many hours does he spend

in math class in four weeks in which

7. Caseys mom is the there are no days off?

baseball coach for

his team. She spent 11. Karl Freidrich Benz invented the first

$50 on 10 baseballs. gasoline-powered automobile in

How much would 1885. Estimate how many years ago

1 baseball cost? this automobile was invented.

hour. With Daisys help, they can make 12. Select one

twice as many in an hour. If they work problem from Exercises 511. Explain

for 2 hours, how many bracelets can how you used the four-step plan to

they make? solve the problem.

1-4 Compare Whole Numbers

earns $41,793 in one year.

A first year firefighter earns

MAIN IDEA $41,294 in one year. Which

I will compare whole occupation pays more for

numbers. the first year?

Standard

4NS1.2 Order

and compare whole

numbers and decimals

to two decimal places.

Standard 4NS1.1 You can use a number line to compare numbers. A number line

Read and write is a line with numbers on it in order at regular intervals. The

numbers in the symbols below are used to show relationships of numbers.

millions.

New Vocabulary > < =

number line

is greater than (>)

is less than (<)

Real-World EXAMPLE Use a Number Line

is equal to (=) 1 JOBS Which occupation pays more for the first year:

police officer or firefighter?

On a number line, numbers to the right are greater than

numbers to the left.

41,294 41,793

Numbers get smaller Numbers get larger

Jeff Dunn/Index Stock Imagery

To compare numbers, you can also use place value.

2 DATA The table shows the two most popular names in

the United States. Which name is more popular?

Miller 1,253,913

Jones 1,836,509

Source: Top 10 of Everything

place align.

Before comparing 1,253,913

numbers, always line 1,836,509

up the ones place.

Step 2 Begin at the greatest place. Compare the digits.

1,253,913

1,836,509

Since 1 = 1, go to the next place.

1,253,913

1,836,509

8>2

name is Jones.

1. 1,798 1,789 2. 7,440 7,436

cards. He has 1,834 stamps number is less than any

and 1,286 baseball cards. Does six-digit number.

he have more stamps or more

baseball cards?

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9. 3,030 3,030 10. 5,980 5,090 11. 6,789 6,798

20. 658,431 < 00,000 21. 1,342,646 > 1,89,035

22. Delaney received 1,127 emails in a 23. Hassan read 2,365 pages during the

year. Patricia received 1,132 email school year. Anjelita read 2,382 pages

addresses saved in her email account. during the school year. Who read more

Who received more emails? pages during the school year?

Technology The table shows the top Language Internet Users

four online languages. Chinese 105,736,236

English 286,642,757

24. Which language is used most on Japanese 66,763,838

the Internet? Spanish 55,887,063

Internet, Japanese or Spanish?

Source: Nielsen/Net Ratings/International

26. OPEN ENDED Write a seven-digit number that is greater than 8,458,942.

27. WHICH ONE DOESNT BELONG? Which number does not belong? Explain.

28. 3 thousands 3,200 29. 1,000,000 1,000 thousands

using place value.

APTER

CH

Mid-Chapter Check

1 Lessons 1-1 through 1-4

Write each number in word form and in 10. What is 20,000,000 + 8,000,000 +

expanded form. (Lesson 1-1) 300,000 + 6,000 + 30 + 7 in standard

form and in word form? (Lesson 1-2)

1. 2,384 2. 917,022

Compare. Use >, <, and =. (Lesson 1-4)

Write each number in standard form and

11. 2,481 2,814

in expanded form. (Lesson 1-1)

12. 200 + 70 + 8 700 + 80 + 2

3. nineteen thousand, two hundred six

4. two hundred seventy-two Algebra Find the value of x. (Lesson 1-4)

5. There are 3 schools. Each school has 13. 5,000 + x + 9 = 5,709

297 students. How many students is 14. 40,000 + 6,000 + x = 46,009

that altogether? Write in standard form

and word form. (Lesson 1-1) 15. Rolando traveled 2,643 miles by air.

Ramiro traveled 2,643 miles by car.

Who traveled farther? Explain. (Lesson 1-4)

6. STANDARDS PRACTICE Which

sentence below is correct? (Lesson 1-1)

16. STANDARDS PRACTICE Which of

A 38,521 < 37,125 these is 7,402,644? (Lesson 1-4)

six hundred four

C 90,502 > 90,205 G seven thousand, four hundred two

D 12,754 < 12,574 H seven million, four hundred two

thousand, six hundred forty-four

Write the value of the underlined J seven million, two hundred four

digit. (Lesson 1-2) thousand, six hundred four

7. 1,6

87 8. 32

0,579 17. On Monday Dylan used a pedometer

to record 15,725 steps. On Tuesday he

9. Erika is writing the greatest number

took 15,806 steps. On which day did

possible using the digits shown.

he take more steps? (Lesson 1-4)

to find the number missing in the

What would be the number in following expanded form sentence.

expanded form? (Lesson 1-2) 8,000,000 + 5,000 + 90 + 3 = 8,05,093

Formative Assessment 31

1-5 Order Whole Numbers

The table shows the number Dog Number

of Yorkshire Terriers, Beagles, Yorkshire Terrier 47,238

MAIN IDEA and German Shepherds in the Beagle 42,592

I will order whole United States. German Shepherd 45,868

numbers through Which dog is Source: American Kennel Club

the millions.

most popular?

Standard Least popular?

4NS1.2 Order

and compare whole

numbers and decimals

to two decimal places.

Standard 4NS1.1

Read and write

numbers in the

millions.

1 DOGS Order the dog breeds in the table above from most

popular to least popular.

42,592 45,868 47,238

(tl) Ingram Publishing/Alamy Images, (tr) G.K. & Vikki Hart/Getty Images

Real-World EXAMPLE Use Place Value

1 OIL The table shows the Oil Usage

number of barrels of oil Barrels

Country

used each day in different per Day

countries. Use place value Brazil 2,199,000

to order the data from Canada 2,200,000

greatest to least. India 2,130,000

United States 19,650,000

Source: CIA World Fact Book (2005)

Line up the ones Compare the digits Compare the digits

place. Compare in the next place. in the next place.

When ordering the digits in the

numbers, you can greatest place.

use number lines or

place value.

19,650,000 greatest 2,199,000 2,199,000

2,199,000 2,200,000 2,130,000 least

2,200,000 2,130,000

2,130,000

2,200,000; 2,199,000; and 2,130,000.

So, the order is the United States, Canada, Brazil, and India.

Order the numbers from greatest to least. See Examples 1 and 2 (pp. 3233)

1. 3,456; 4,356; 3,465; 6,543 2. 52,482; 50,023; 56,028; 63,340

of the Lakes shown in the table from Surface Area

greatest to least surface area. Lake

(acres)

Clear Lake 43,785

6. When ordering whole

Lake Almanor 27,064

numbers, explain what you

Lake Tahoe 123,520

do when the digits in the same place

Shasta Lake 29,500

have the same value.

Trinity Lake 16,400

Source: worldatlas.com

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Order the numbers from greatest to least. See Examples 1 and 2 (pp. 3233)

7. 2,004; 1,906; 2,006; 1,507 8. 3,521; 3,512; 1,243; 3,306

11. 138,023; 138,032; 139,006; 183,487 12. 258,103; 248,034; 285,091; 248,934

15. Rank the following cities in California 16. Order the cars from most expensive

from least to greatest population. to least expensive.

California Population Most Expensive Cars

City Population Car Price

Bakersfield 283,936 Bugatti Veyron 16.4 $1,192,057

Freemont 202,373 Leblanc Mirabeau $645,084

Glendale 201,326 Pagani Zonda Roadster $667,321

Huntington Beach 195,305 Saleen S7 $555,000

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Source: Forbes

Data Card

Data File The gray whale is

Californias state marine mammal. The

table shows the gray and other whale

migration distances and populations.

17. Order the whales from farthest to least

farthest distance migrated.

18. Order the whale populations from

least to greatest.

Source: whalewatchmaui.com

than 750,000 but less than 760,000.

five numbers. Order them from least to greatest.

which you would order three numbers from least to greatest.

Greater

Number Game

Compare Whole Numbers

Players: 2 players

Go!

Get Set! Combine the cards.

Each player gets 20 index cards.

Shuffle and deal the cards.

Separate the cards into 2 piles of

10. On each card in the first pile, Place your cards face down. Turn

write a number in standard form over the top card at the same

that has no more than 4 digits. time as your partner.

Next, write the expanded form of The person who turns over the

each number on one of the cards greatest number takes both

in the second pile. cards. If the cards are equal,

keep turning over cards until a

player can take the cards.

Play until one person has all

the cards.

Ed-Imaging

1-6 Round Whole Numbers

A certain tractor

weighs 17,554

pounds. About

MAIN IDEA how much

I will round whole does it weigh?

numbers through the

millions.

Standard When you do not need an exact answer, you can estimate

4NS1.3 Round by rounding . You can use a number line to round.

whole numbers

through the millions

to the nearest ten, Real-World EXAMPLES Round Whole Numbers

hundred, thousand,

ten thousand, or 1 MEASUREMENT To the nearest thousand, how much does

hundred thousand. the tractor weigh?

17,554

New Vocabulary

17,000 17,200 17,400 17,600 17,800 18,000

estimate

rounding (or round) On the number line, 17,554 is closer to 18,000 than 17,000.

So, round 17,554 to 18,000.

dominoes that were set up and

toppled by one person is 303,621.

How many dominoes is this to

the nearest ten thousand?

303,621

310,000. So, round 303,621 to 300,000.

(tr) C. Borland/PhotoLink/Getty Images, (b) Matthias Kulka/CORBIS

Place value can also be used to round numbers.

Step 2 Look at the digit to the right of the place

being rounded.

Step 3 If the digit is 4 or less, do not change the

underlined digit. If the digit is 5 or greater,

add 1 to the underlined digit.

Step 4 Replace all digits after the underlined digit

with zeros.

3 FARMERS There are 422,800 farmers in California.

How many farmers is this to the nearest thousand?

,800

be rounded. In this case, the 2 in the

thousands place is to be rounded.

,800

underlined digit, which is 8.

,800

add 1 to the underlined digit.

underlined digit with zeros.

to 423,000.

make sure it is The number line shows that the answer is correct.

reasonable.

422,800

Round each number to the given place-value position. See Examples 13 (pp. 3637)

1. 927; ten 2. 934; hundred

3. 4,282; thousand 4. 43,032; ten thousand

5. 593,205; hundred thousand 6. 709,385; thousand

7. The largest house made out of playing 8. Write the smallest number

cards used 91,800 cards. To the that you can round to the

nearest thousand, how many cards thousands place to get 8,000.

were used? Explain.

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Round each number to the given place-value position. See Examples 13 (pp. 3637)

9. 568; ten 10. 396; ten

21. Measurement Earths highest peak 22. Measurement The highest point in

is Mount Everest. It is 29,028 feet California is Mount Whitney. It is

high. Is this about 30,000 feet high? 14,494 feet high. Is this about 20,000

Explain. feet high? Explain.

Literature The graphic shows the number of

characters that are in the longest novel in the world.

23. Round this number to the nearest hundred thousand.

rounded number was 14,156,100?

25. OPEN ENDED Write five numbers that would round to 50,000.

the hundred thousands place. Who is correct? Explain.

Amanda Jamal

80,000,000 83,300,000

involves rounding a number and results in an answer of 670,000.

28 Which shows the correct order from 29 Yuma, Arizona, is the sunniest place

least to greatest? (Lesson 1-5) in the world. Round Yumas average

A 1,245; 2,451; 5,412; 4,152 hours of sunlight each year to the

nearest thousands. (Lesson 1-6)

B 2,124; 4,215; 4,512; 5,214

Top Two Sunniest Places

C 5,214; 4,512; 4,215; 2,124 Hours of Sunlight

Location

Each Year

D 2,512; 2,215; 4,124; 4,421

Yuma, Arizona 4,127

Phoenix, Arizona 4,041

F 4,000 H 4,200

G 4,100 J 5,000

30. 685; 700; 660 31. 1,363; 1,468; 1,333 32. 12,009; 12,090; 12,900

33. 163 165 34. 16,094 16,090 35. 1,866 1,866

36. The tallest mountain in the United States is 20,320 feet tall.

Round this number to the nearest thousand. (Lesson 1-3)

(tl) Ed-Imaging, (tr) Ryan McVay/Getty Images

1-7 Problem-Solving Investigation

MAIN IDEA I will choose the best strategy to solve a problem.

Standard 4MR1.1 Analyze problems by identifying relationships, distinguishing relevant from irrelevant information, sequencing

and prioritizing information, and observing patterns. Standard 4NS3.0 Students solve problems involving addition,

subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers and understand the relationships among the operations.

to Mexico. Before we go, we have to

trade our dollars for Mexican pesos.

For every dollar we will get about

11 pesos.

pesos Torys family will get for $8.

will get for $8.

to solve the problem.

Solve Dollars $1 $2 $3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8

Pesos 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88

in the dollar row is changed to pesos, the dollar digit

is repeated twice. For example, $5 is 55 pesos. $8 is

88 pesos follows this pattern.

Ed-Imaging

EXTRA 0R

P !C

2A # T4 IC %

)# E

See page R4.

1. Measurement A black bear weighs motorized scooter.

25 pounds more than a gorilla. Use the He earns $8 a

information in the table to find how week, but already

much a black bear weighs. has $11. How

many weeks will

Large Animal Weights he have to save all

Animal Weight (pounds) of his money to

Gorilla 400 buy the scooter?

Black bear

Lion 440 7. Leticia earns $20 each time she

babysits. How many times will she

2. A robin can fly 20 miles in one hour. need to babysit to earn $120?

An eagle can fly 40 miles in one hour.

How many hours would it take for a 8. Turi burns about 350 calories for every

robin to fly as far as an eagle flies in hour he skis. The last time he skied, he

3 hours? burned 1,200 calories. Did he ski over

3 hours? Explain.

3. Jade has 3 sticker sheets with

6 stickers on each sheet. How many 9. Jacks basketball games are 4 quarters

stickers does she have in all? that are each 8 minutes long. Is it

possible for Jack to play 35 minutes in

a game? How do you know?

and twelve $1 bills. Does he have

enough money to buy this MP3 player?

costs $6. How much change could you

expect to receive if you bought one

of each item above and paid with a

$50 bill?

games for $10 each. Vivian wants a Exercise 11. Suppose Xavier has

new video game for $77. How many 5 bills and the total is $37. Explain

used games must she sell to buy the the steps you would take to find

new game? which bills he has.

Under the

Earths oceans are filled with many skilled divers. Both sperm whales and

different sea creatures. Of these elephant seals can stay underwater

creatures in the ocean, marine for almost two hours. Thats a long

mammals such as whales, dolphins, time to hold your breath!

seals, and sea lions are the most

fic Coast Ma

f Paci rin

no eM

a tio a

m

l

pu

ma

Estimated

Po

ls

Species Population

California sea lion .... 111,016

Gray whale . . ............. 20,869

Hawaiian monk seal ..... 1,300

Northern fur seal ...... 988,000

Pacific harbor seal .... 131,826

Spinner dolphin . . . . . . 631,000

Spotted dolphin . . . . . . . 731,000

So ce

urc

Servi

e: N

ational Biological

(bkgd) Michael S. Nolan/SeaPics.com, (bl) J.Berndes/A.B./Zefa/CORBIS

Standard 4NS1.2 Order and compare whole numbers and decimals to two decimal places.

Real-World Math

Use the information on page 42 to answer each problem.

1. Which marine mammal species 4. A sea lion can dive 400 feet. Some

has the greatest population? Write seals can dive 5,314 feet. Dolphins

in expanded and word forms. can dive up to 1,000 feet. List

these dives from greatest to least.

2. There are about 20,000 blue

whales. Your friend tells you that 5. You are told that there are about

there are more blue whales than 132,000 Pacific harbor seals. Is

gray whales. Is your friend right? this true when you round to the

Explain. nearest ten thousand? Explain.

9,000 pounds of food a day. Is this rounded to the nearest thousand,

more or less than a blue whale have a one in the thousands place?

eats? How much more or less?

A blue whale

eats about

7,500 pounds of

food each day.

APTER

CH

Key Vocabulary

place value (p. 17)

Be sure the following Key Vocabulary

is greater than (>) (p. 28)

words and Key Concepts are written

is less than (<) (p. 28)

in your Foldable.

estimate (p. 36)

rounding (p. 36)

Vocabulary Check

Choose the vocabulary word

that completes each sentence.

Place Value

1. When you do not need an

A place-value chart shows the value of

exact answer, you can

the digits in a number. (pp. 1719 and 2225)

estimate by ? .

numbers, you can use

hundreds tens ones hundreds tens ones

? .

4 7 2 1 4

3. When you do not need an

exact answer, you can

Read and Write Numbers (pp. 1719 and 2225) ? .

Standard form : 21,833

4. The ? of the

Word form : twenty-one thousand, 7 in 7,495 is the thousands.

eight hundred thirty-three

5. The symbol > is used to

Expanded form : 20,000 + 1,000 + show that a number is

800 + 30 + 3 ? another

number.

Compare Numbers (pp. 2830)

6. The symbol < is used to

To compare numbers, use is greater than

show that a number is

(>) , is less than (<) , or equal to (=).

? another

123 > 122 478 < 874 925 = 925 number.

Lesson-by-Lesson Review

1-1 Place Value Through Hundred Thousands (pp. 1719)

Write 5,789 in three different ways. expanded form.

7. 18,045 8. 94,804

Thousands Ones

hundreds tens ones hundreds tens ones 9. Write four hundred thirty thousand,

two hundred fifty-six in standard

5 7 8 9 form and expanded form.

Word form: five thousand, seven digit.

hundred eighty-nine 10. 19

0,843 11. 84,2

99

Expanded form: 5,000 + 700 + 80 + 9

12. The Petrified Forest National Park

in northeast Arizona is 93,533

acres. Write this number in word

form and in expanded form.

Write nine million, three hundred and expanded form.

seventy-two thousand, five hundred 13. two thousand, six hundred

in standard form and expanded form. ninety-seven

Word form: nine million, 14. nine million, four hundred six

three hundred thousand, two hundred

seventy-two seventy-one

thousand,

five hundred

15. Len has a baseball card collection

Standard form: 9,372,500 of 4,826 cards. He sells 215 cards

to another collector. How many

Expanded form: 9,000,000 + cards does he have left? Write in

300,000 + 70,000 + 2,000 + 500 word form and in expanded form.

APTER

CH

Dorota saves $2 each week. How

much will she save after 2 months? 16. Cynthia earns 5 points at the library

for each book she reads. She wants

Understand to earn 75 points in order to win

Dorota saves $2 each week. the grand prize. How many books

You need to find out how does she need to read?

much money will she save

after 2 months. 17. Rafael has $72. He wants to buy

the bike shown. How much more

money does he need?

Plan There are 4 weeks in

1 month. Use repeated

addition to find out how

much money she has saved

after 2 months.

saved in one month.

18. Kristina earned $22 dollars

$2 1 week

$2 1 week babysitting. She owes her mom

$2 1 week $17. How much will Kristina have

+ $2 1 week left after she pays her mom?

$8

19. Trent has to read a book for class

Now, find the amount saved by Friday. It is Tuesday and he has

in two months. 60 pages left to read. If he reads

$8 1 month 20 pages a night for the next

+ $8 1 month

3 nights, will he finish the book?

$16 Explain.

So, Dorota will save $16 after 20. Prestas family is going to the

2 months. mountains 280 miles away. The

familys car can go 25 miles on a

Check Count by twos 8 times. gallon of gas, and the gas tank

2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 holds 10 gallons. Can they travel

So, the answer is correct. to the mountains without stopping

to fill up the gas tank? Explain.

1-4 Compare Whole Numbers (pp. 2830)

Compare 1,278 1,500. 21. 25,689 25,679

Use >, <, or =.

22. 54,820 58,240

1,278

23. 109,050 109,050

1,000 1,500 2,000 24. 234,461 234,641

So, 1,500 is greater than 1,278. Monday. On the same day her

Therefore, 1,500 > 1,278. brother ate 2,111 calories. Who

had more calories on Monday?

Order 54,282; 65,820; and 52,466 to least.

from greatest to least. 26. 12,378; 12,784; 12,837

First, line up the ones place. Compare

27. 138,023; 138,032; 139,006

the digits in the greatest place.

54,282 28. 456,980; 612,701; 611,036

65,820 greatest

52,466 29. The table shows the population of

the three states with the largest

Then, compare the digits in the next

land area. Order these states from

place.

greatest to least population.

54,282

52,466 State Population

4 > 2. So, 54,282 is the next greatest Alaska 655,435

California 35,893,799

number.

Texas 22,490,022

The numbers ordered from greatest to Source: infoplease.com

least are 65,820; 54,282; and 52,466.

APTER

CH

Round 587 to the nearest ten. place-value position.

30. 874; hundred

587

31. 12,025; ten thousands

580 582 584 586 588 590 32. 617,589; ten thousands

33. 547,203; thousands

On the number line, 587 is closer

to 590 than 580. Therefore, round 34. In 1790, the population of the

587 to 590. United States was 3,929,214. To

the nearest million, what was the

population in 1790?

Each time Esteban goes to the 35. Lindsay earns $5 for every A she

grocery store for his grandmother, gets on her report card and $3 for

she gives him $4. He has $12. How every B. On her last report card,

many times has Esteban gone to she received a total of $19 for

the grocery store? 5 subjects. How many As and Bs

Esteban has $12 and that he gets $4 did she get?

each time he goes to the store. You 36. Precious spends 35 hours in school

need to find how many times he has every five-day week. How many

gone to the store, use addition. five-day weeks will she have been

in school if she has been in school

$4 1 trip

$4 1 trip for 175 hours?

+ $4 1 trip

37. In 1916, Jeannette Rankin of

$12 Montana became the first woman

So, Esteban has gone to the store elected to Congress. Use rounding

3 times. to estimate how many years

ago the first woman was elected

to Congress.

APTER

CH

Chapter Test

1

For Exercises 1 and 2, tell whether each Order the numbers from greatest

statement is true or false. to least.

1. The four steps of the four-step 7. 1,002; 1,037; 1,200; 1,102

problem-solving plan in order are Plan,

Understand, Solve, Check. 8. 7,613; 7,702; 8,045; 7,499

2. The standard form of nine hundred 9. A computer costs $1,295. Round this

seventy is 970. price to the nearest hundred.

Write the value of the underlined digit. Compare. Use <, >, or =.

yogurt flavors. The results are shown. 7,620,113 rounded to the nearest

Order the results from most favorite to hundred thousand?

least favorite. F 7,600,000

G 7,620,000

Number of

Flavor H 7,700,000

Students

Vanilla 410 J 8,000,000

Chocolate 240

Strawberry 99 13. Sora earned a score of 98 on a test.

Chocolate chip 401 Ryan earned a score of 89. Who

earned a higher score?

these is 7,201,446? Wite each number in word form.

four hundred forty-six

16. Andrew

B seven million, two hundred one rounded 647,963 to the nearest

thousand, four hundred forty-six hundred thousand. Is his answer

C seven hundred two thousand, one correct? Explain.

hundred forty-six

D seven million, two hundred ten 700,000

thousand, four hundred forty-six

APTER

CH

1 Cumulative, Chapter 1

thirty-five million, eight hundred ninety-three

thousand, seven hundred ninety-nine. What is

this number in standard form?

A 35,389,997 C 35,893,799

B 35,398,907 D 35,983,997

You need to find the number in standard form.

A place-value chart helps you understand how the

number is written in standard form.

hundreds tens ones hundreds tens ones hundreds tens ones

3 5 8 9 3 7 9 9

The answer is C.

1 What is the standard form for 2 What is 54,678,491 rounded to the

sixteen million, three hundred nearest hundred thousand?

twenty-seven thousand, four

F 54,000,000

hundred three?

G 54,600,000

A 16,237,340 C 16,372,430

H 54,680,000

B 16,327,403 D 16,723,043

J 54,700,000

More California

Standards Practice

For practice by standard,

see pages CA1CA39.

four neighborhoods. The number of 25,387,226?

coupons mailed out is shown.

F 25,377,226 H 25,396,226

G 25,386,226 J 26,286,226

Health Club Coupons

Number of

Neighborhood

Coupons

The Meadows 12,550 7 What is $3,876,342 rounded to the

The Hills 12,638 nearest million?

Blackwood 12,450

The Fields 12,745 A $3,800,000 C $4,000,000

B $3,900,000 D $4,100,000

least number of coupons?

8 The estimated cost to build a new

A The Meadows C Blackwood baseball stadium is ninety-four

B The Hills D The Fields million dollars. What is this number

in standard form?

F $90,400 H $90,000,000

G $94,000 J $94,400,000

4 What is 724,385 rounded to the

nearest hundred?

G 720,400 J 724,400 349,865?

A 90 C 9000

B 900 D 90,000

5 The estimated cost of Shens

new pickup truck is twenty-

eight thousand, six hundred 10 Which symbol makes the following

seventy-two dollars. What is true?

this number rounded to the

nearest thousand? 12,935,374 12,953,748

B $28,700 D $29,700 G < J +

Summative Assessment 51

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