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Isolated Footing Design(ACI 318-11)


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Design For Isolated Footing 25

Design For Isolated Footing 26

Design For Isolated Footing 27

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file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
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Design For Isolated Footing 32

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Design For Isolated Footing 43

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Design For Isolated Footing 53

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file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
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Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry


- - Length Width Thickness
1 1 1.700m 1.700m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
1 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
2 2 2.000m 2.000m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
2 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
3 3 1.800m 1.800m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
3 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
4 4 2.000m 2.000m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
4 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
5 5 2.400m 2.400m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
5 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
6 6 2.300m 2.300m 0.400m

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
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Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
6 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
7 7 2.200m 2.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
7 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
8 8 2.400m 2.400m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
8 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
9 9 2.500m 2.500m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
9 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
10 10 2.000m 2.000m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
10 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
11 11 2.000m 2.000m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
11 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
12 12 1.500m 1.500m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
12 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
13 13 1.800m 1.800m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
13 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
14 14 1.800m 1.800m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
14 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
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15 15 1.500m 1.500m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
15 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
16 16 2.500m 2.500m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
16 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
17 17 1.500m 1.500m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
17 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
18 18 2.100m 2.100m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
18 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
19 19 2.000m 2.000m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
19 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
20 20 1.500m 1.500m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
20 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
21 21 2.200m 2.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
21 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
22 22 2.200m 2.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
22 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
23 23 1.500m 1.500m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
23 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
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Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry


- - Length Width Thickness
24 24 2.200m 2.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
24 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
25 25 2.200m 2.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
25 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
26 26 1.700m 1.700m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
26 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
27 27 2.000m 2.000m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
27 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
28 28 3.500m 3.500m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
28 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
29 29 2.800m 2.800m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
29 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
30 30 2.800m 2.800m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
30 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
31 31 3.200m 3.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
31 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
32 32 3.400m 3.400m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 7 of 157

32 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
33 33 2.400m 2.400m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
33 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
34 34 2.700m 2.700m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
34 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
35 35 2.300m 2.300m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
35 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
36 36 3.300m 3.300m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
36 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
37 37 3.200m 3.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
37 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
38 38 3.000m 3.000m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
38 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
39 39 2.600m 2.600m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
39 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
40 40 2.200m 2.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
40 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
41 41 3.100m 3.100m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 8 of 157

- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
41 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
42 42 3.000m 3.000m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
42 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
43 43 3.000m 3.000m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
43 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
44 44 2.700m 2.700m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
44 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
45 45 2.200m 2.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
45 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
46 46 3.100m 3.100m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
46 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
47 47 2.900m 2.900m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
47 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
48 48 2.600m 2.600m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
48 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
49 49 2.700m 2.700m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
49 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
50 50 2.300m 2.300m 0.400m

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 9 of 157

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
50 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
51 51 3.500m 3.500m 0.450m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
51 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
52 52 3.200m 3.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
52 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
53 53 2.200m 2.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
53 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
54 54 3.500m 3.500m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
54 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
55 55 2.700m 2.700m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
55 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
56 56 3.200m 3.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
56 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
57 57 3.600m 3.600m 0.450m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
57 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
58 58 2.400m 2.400m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
58 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness

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59 59 2.400m 2.400m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
59 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
60 60 2.500m 2.500m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
60 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
61 61 2.400m 2.400m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
61 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
62 62 2.400m 2.400m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
62 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
63 63 2.400m 2.400m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
63 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
64 64 2.400m 2.400m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
64 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
65 65 2.300m 2.300m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
65 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
66 66 2.300m 2.300m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
66 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
67 67 2.000m 2.000m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
67 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A

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Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry


- - Length Width Thickness
68 68 1.700m 1.700m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
68 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
69 69 2.200m 2.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
69 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
70 70 1.900m 1.900m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
70 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
71 71 2.200m 2.200m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
71 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
72 72 2.900m 2.900m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
72 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
73 73 2.700m 2.700m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
73 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
74 74 2.700m 2.700m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
74 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry
- - Length Width Thickness
75 75 2.500m 2.500m 0.400m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
75 #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c #20 @ 200 mm c/c N/A N/A

Isolated Footing 1

Design Calculations

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Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 1.487m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.700 m Governing Load Case : # 22

Width (W2) = 1.700 m Governing Load Case : # 22

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 2.890 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 27.216 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
119.246 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

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From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.550 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 14.506 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 16.117 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00027
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00020

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1360.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1570.790 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.155

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 2

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

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Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 1.806m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Width (W2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.000 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 37.669 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
169.194 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

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From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.300 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 27.643 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 30.715 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00044
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00033

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1600.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.178

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 3

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN

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Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN


Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 1.504m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.800 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Width (W2) = 1.800 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 3.240 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 30.512 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
134.995 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

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Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.200 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 18.278 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 20.309 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00033
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00024

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1440.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1570.790 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.091

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 4

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN

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Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2


o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.401m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 15

Width (W2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 15

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.000 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 37.669 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
169.194 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

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Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.300 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 27.643 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 30.715 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00044
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00033

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1600.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.178

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 5

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 1.832m

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Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Width (W2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.760 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 54.243 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
248.391 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.000 m
column at a distance, Dx =

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Isolated Footing Design Page 21 of 157

Ultimate moment, 67.698 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 75.220 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00091
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00067

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1920.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.145

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 6

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.045m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

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Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.300 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Width (W2) = 2.300 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.290 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 49.817 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
227.242 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.950 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 58.551 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 65.057 kNm

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(Based on effective depth)


0.00082
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00060

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1840.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.024

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 7

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 1.813m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 19

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Width (W2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.840 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 45.580 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
206.993 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.900 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 50.265 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 55.851 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00073
Required =

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(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00054

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1760.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.071

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 8

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 1.852m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Width (W2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 19

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Isolated Footing Design Page 26 of 157

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.760 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 54.243 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
248.391 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.000 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 67.698 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 75.220 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00091
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00067

Since min min Governs

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Isolated Footing Design Page 27 of 157

Area of Steel Required, As = 1920.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.145

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 9

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 1.991m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.500 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Width (W2) = 2.500 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)

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Isolated Footing Design Page 28 of 157

Area (A2) = 6.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 58.858 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
270.440 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.050 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 77.746 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 86.385 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00100
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00074

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2000.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total

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= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2


Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.100

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 10

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.042m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Width (W2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.000 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m

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Footing Self Weight = 37.669 kN


Soil Weight On Top Of
169.194 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.300 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 27.643 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 30.715 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00044
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00033

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1600.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.178

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Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 11

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.229m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 22

Width (W2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 22

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.000 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 37.669 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
169.194 kN
Footing =

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Isolated Footing Design Page 32 of 157

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.300 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 27.643 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 30.715 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00044
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00033

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1600.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.178

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm

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Isolated Footing Design Page 33 of 157

Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 12

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 1.853m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Width (W2) = 1.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 2.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 21.189 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of Footing
90.447 kN
=

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 34 of 157

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.550 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 12.799 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 14.221 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00027
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00020

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1200.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1256.632 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.047

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.

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Isolated Footing Design Page 35 of 157

According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4


Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 13

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.475m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.800 m Governing Load Case : # 15

Width (W2) = 1.800 m Governing Load Case : # 15

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 3.240 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 30.512 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
134.995 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 36 of 157

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.700 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 24.879 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 27.643 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00044
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00033

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1440.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1570.790 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.091

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

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Isolated Footing Design Page 37 of 157

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 14

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.481m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.800 m Governing Load Case : # 15

Width (W2) = 1.800 m Governing Load Case : # 15

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 3.240 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 30.512 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
134.995 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 38 of 157

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.700 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 24.879 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 27.643 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00044
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00033

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1440.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1570.790 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.091

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 39 of 157

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 15

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 1.881m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Width (W2) = 1.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 2.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 21.189 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of Footing
90.447 kN
=

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

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Isolated Footing Design Page 40 of 157

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.550 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 12.799 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 14.221 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00027
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00020

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1200.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1256.632 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.047

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

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Isolated Footing 16

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.241m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.500 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Width (W2) = 2.500 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 6.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 58.858 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
270.440 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 42 of 157

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.050 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 77.746 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 86.385 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00100
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00074

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2000.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.100

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 17

Design Calculations

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Isolated Footing Design Page 43 of 157

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 1.627m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Width (W2) = 1.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 2.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 21.189 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of Footing
90.447 kN
=

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

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Isolated Footing Design Page 44 of 157

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.050 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 8.568 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 9.520 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00018
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00013

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1200.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1256.632 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.047

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 18

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

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Isolated Footing Design Page 45 of 157

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.173m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.100 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Width (W2) = 2.100 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.410 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 41.530 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
187.643 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

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Isolated Footing Design Page 46 of 157

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.750 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 33.320 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 37.022 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00051
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00038

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1680.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.122

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 19

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN

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Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN


Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.130m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Width (W2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.000 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 37.669 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
169.194 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

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Isolated Footing Design Page 48 of 157

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.300 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 27.643 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 30.715 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00044
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00033

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1600.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.178

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 20

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN

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Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2


o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 1.640m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Width (W2) = 1.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 2.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 21.189 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of Footing
90.447 kN
=

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

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Isolated Footing Design Page 50 of 157

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.550 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 12.799 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 14.221 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00027
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00020

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1200.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1256.632 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.047

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 21

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.242m

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Isolated Footing Design Page 51 of 157

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Width (W2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.840 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 45.580 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
206.993 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.400 m
column at a distance, Dx =

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Isolated Footing Design Page 52 of 157

Ultimate moment, 39.716 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 44.129 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00058
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00043

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1760.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.071

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 22

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.221m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

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Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Width (W2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.840 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 45.580 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
206.993 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.400 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 39.716 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 44.129 kNm

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Isolated Footing Design Page 54 of 157

(Based on effective depth)


0.00058
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00043

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1760.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.071

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 23

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 1.646m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

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Width (W2) = 1.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 2.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 21.189 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of Footing
90.447 kN
=

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.550 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 12.799 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 14.221 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00027
Required =

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(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00020

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1200.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1256.632 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.047

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 24

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.270m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Width (W2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

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Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.840 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 45.580 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
206.993 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.400 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 39.716 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 44.129 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00058
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00043

Since min min Governs

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Area of Steel Required, As = 1760.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.071

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 25

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.203m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Width (W2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)

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Area (A2) = 4.840 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 45.580 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
206.993 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.400 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 39.716 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 44.129 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00058
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00043

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1760.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total

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= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2


Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.071

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 26

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 1.613m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.700 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Width (W2) = 1.700 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 2.890 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m

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Footing Self Weight = 27.216 kN


Soil Weight On Top Of
119.246 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.050 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 20.260 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 22.511 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00038
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00028

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1360.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1570.790 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.155

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Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 27

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.502m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 26

Width (W2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 26

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 26

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.000 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 37.669 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
169.194 kN
Footing =

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Isolated Footing Design Page 63 of 157

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.300 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 27.643 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 30.715 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00044
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00033

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1600.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.178

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm

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Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 28

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 5.904m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.500 m Governing Load Case : # 24

Width (W2) = 3.500 m Governing Load Case : # 24

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 24

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 12.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 115.362 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
540.431 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 65 of 157

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.450 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 207.571 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 230.634 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00193
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00142

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2800.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2827.422 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.010

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.

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According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4


Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 29

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.064m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.800 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Width (W2) = 2.800 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 19

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.840 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 73.831 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
341.988 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 67 of 157

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.200 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 113.732 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 126.369 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00131
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00097

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2240.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2513.264 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.122

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

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Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 30

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 3.354m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.800 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Width (W2) = 2.800 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.840 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 73.831 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
341.988 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 69 of 157

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.200 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 113.732 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 126.369 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00131
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00097

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2240.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2513.264 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.122

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

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Isolated Footing Design Page 70 of 157

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 31

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 4.699m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.200 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Width (W2) = 3.200 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 10.240 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 96.433 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
449.984 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 71 of 157

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.400 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 176.916 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 196.574 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00180
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00132

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2560.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2827.422 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.104

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

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Isolated Footing Design Page 72 of 157

Isolated Footing 32

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 6.273m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.400 m Governing Load Case : # 26

Width (W2) = 3.400 m Governing Load Case : # 26

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 26

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 11.560 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 108.864 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
509.382 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

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Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.500 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 215.786 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 239.762 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00207
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00152

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2720.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2827.422 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.039

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 33

Design Calculations

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Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.328m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Width (W2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.760 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 54.243 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
248.391 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

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From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.900 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 54.835 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 60.928 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00073
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00054

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1920.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.145

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 34

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

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Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 4.494m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 24

Width (W2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 24

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.290 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 68.652 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
317.239 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

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From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.050 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 83.966 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 93.296 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00100
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00074

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2160.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.018

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 35

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN

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Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN


Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 3.026m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.300 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Width (W2) = 2.300 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.290 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 49.817 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
227.242 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

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Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.950 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 58.551 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 65.057 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00082
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00060

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1840.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.024

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 36

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN

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Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2


o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 6.521m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.300 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Width (W2) = 3.300 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 10.890 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 102.554 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
479.233 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

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Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.450 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 195.709 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 217.455 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00193
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00142

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2640.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2827.422 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.071

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 37

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 5.950m

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Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.200 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Width (W2) = 3.200 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 10.240 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 96.433 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
449.984 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.400 m
column at a distance, Dx =

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Ultimate moment, 176.916 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 196.574 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00180
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00132

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2560.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2827.422 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.104

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 38

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.389m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

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Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.000 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Width (W2) = 3.000 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 9.000 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 84.755 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
394.186 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.200 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 121.856 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 135.395 kNm

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(Based on effective depth)


0.00131
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00097

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2400.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2513.264 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.047

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 39

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 4.161m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.600 m Governing Load Case : # 25

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Width (W2) = 2.600 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 6.760 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 63.661 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
293.390 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.000 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 73.339 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 81.488 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00091
Required =

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(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00067

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2080.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.057

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 40

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.974m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Width (W2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

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Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.840 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 45.580 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
206.993 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.900 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 50.265 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 55.851 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00073
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00054

Since min min Governs

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Area of Steel Required, As = 1760.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.071

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 41

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 5.880m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.100 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Width (W2) = 3.100 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)

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Isolated Footing Design Page 90 of 157

Area (A2) = 9.610 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 90.500 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
421.635 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.350 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 159.364 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 177.071 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00167
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00123

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2480.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total

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Isolated Footing Design Page 91 of 157

= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2513.264 mm2


Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.013

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 42

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 5.618m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.000 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Width (W2) = 3.000 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 9.000 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m

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Isolated Footing Design Page 92 of 157

Footing Self Weight = 84.755 kN


Soil Weight On Top Of
394.186 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.300 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 143.011 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 158.901 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00154
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00114

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2400.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2513.264 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.047

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Isolated Footing Design Page 93 of 157

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 43

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.420m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.000 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Width (W2) = 3.000 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 9.000 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 84.755 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
394.186 kN
Footing =

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 94 of 157

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.200 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 121.856 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 135.395 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00131
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00097

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2400.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2513.264 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.047

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm

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Isolated Footing Design Page 95 of 157

Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 44

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 4.283m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Width (W2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.290 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 68.652 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
317.239 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 96 of 157

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.050 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 83.966 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 93.296 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00100
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00074

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2160.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.018

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.

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Isolated Footing Design Page 97 of 157

According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4


Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 45

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.948m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Width (W2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.840 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 45.580 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
206.993 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 98 of 157

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.900 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 50.265 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 55.851 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00073
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00054

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1760.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.071

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

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Isolated Footing Design Page 99 of 157

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 46

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 6.089m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.100 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Width (W2) = 3.100 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 9.610 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 90.500 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
421.635 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 100 of 157

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.350 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 159.364 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 177.071 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00167
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00123

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2480.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2513.264 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.013

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

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Isolated Footing Design Page 101 of 157

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 47

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 5.488m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.900 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Width (W2) = 2.900 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 8.410 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 79.199 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
367.637 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 102 of 157

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.250 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 127.814 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 142.016 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00143
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00105

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2320.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2513.264 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.083

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

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Isolated Footing Design Page 103 of 157

Isolated Footing 48

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.379m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.600 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Width (W2) = 2.600 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 6.760 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 63.661 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
293.390 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 104 of 157

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.000 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 73.339 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 81.488 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00091
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00067

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2080.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.057

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 49

Design Calculations

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Isolated Footing Design Page 105 of 157

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 4.619m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Width (W2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.290 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 68.652 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
317.239 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

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Isolated Footing Design Page 106 of 157

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.050 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 83.966 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 93.296 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00100
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00074

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2160.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.018

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 50

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

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Isolated Footing Design Page 107 of 157

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 3.196m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.300 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Width (W2) = 2.300 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.290 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 49.817 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
227.242 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

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Isolated Footing Design Page 108 of 157

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.950 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 58.551 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 65.057 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00082
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00060

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1840.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.024

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 51

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN

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Isolated Footing Design Page 109 of 157

Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN


Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 11.912m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Width (W2) = 3.500 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth (D2) = 0.450 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 12.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.450 m


Footing Self Weight = 129.782 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
529.622 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.345 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

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Isolated Footing Design Page 110 of 157

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.550 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 238.354 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 264.837 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00161
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00124

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 3150.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 3455.738 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.097

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 52

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN

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Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2


o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 6.220m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.200 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Width (W2) = 3.200 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 13

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 10.240 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 96.433 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
449.984 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

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Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.400 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 176.916 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 196.574 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00180
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00132

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2560.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2827.422 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.104

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 53

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.218m

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Isolated Footing Design Page 113 of 157

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Width (W2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.840 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 45.580 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
206.993 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.400 m
column at a distance, Dx =

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Isolated Footing Design Page 114 of 157

Ultimate moment, 39.716 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 44.129 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00058
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00043

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1760.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.071

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 54

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 5.664m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

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Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.500 m Governing Load Case : # 24

Width (W2) = 3.500 m Governing Load Case : # 24

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 24

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 12.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 115.362 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
540.431 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.450 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 207.571 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 230.634 kNm

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(Based on effective depth)


0.00193
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00142

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2800.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2827.422 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.010

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 55

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 3.230m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 23

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Width (W2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.290 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 68.652 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
317.239 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.150 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 100.721 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 111.913 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00120
Required =

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(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00089

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2160.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.018

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 56

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 4.486m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.200 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Width (W2) = 3.200 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

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Isolated Footing Design Page 119 of 157

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 10.240 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 96.433 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
449.984 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.400 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 176.916 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 196.574 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00180
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00132

Since min min Governs

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Isolated Footing Design Page 120 of 157

Area of Steel Required, As = 2560.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2827.422 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.104

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 57

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 11.376m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 3.600 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Width (W2) = 3.600 m Governing Load Case : # 12

Depth (D2) = 0.450 m Governing Load Case : # 26

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)

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Isolated Footing Design Page 121 of 157

Area (A2) = 12.960 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.450 m


Footing Self Weight = 137.304 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
560.932 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.345 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.600 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 261.236 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 290.262 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00172
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00132

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 3240.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total

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= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 3455.738 mm2


Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.067

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 58

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.000m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Width (W2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.760 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m

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Isolated Footing Design Page 123 of 157

Footing Self Weight = 54.243 kN


Soil Weight On Top Of
248.391 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.000 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 67.698 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 75.220 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00091
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00067

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1920.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.145

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Isolated Footing Design Page 124 of 157

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 59

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.424m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Width (W2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.760 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 54.243 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
248.391 kN
Footing =

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 125 of 157

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.900 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 54.835 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 60.928 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00073
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00054

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1920.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.145

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm

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Isolated Footing Design Page 126 of 157

Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 60

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.452m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.500 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Width (W2) = 2.500 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 6.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 58.858 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
270.440 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 127 of 157

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.950 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 63.643 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 70.714 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00082
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00060

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2000.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.100

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.

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Isolated Footing Design Page 128 of 157

According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4


Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 61

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.399m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Width (W2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 22

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.760 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 54.243 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
248.391 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 129 of 157

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.900 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 54.835 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 60.928 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00073
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00054

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1920.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.145

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

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Isolated Footing Design Page 130 of 157

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 62

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.403m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Width (W2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.760 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 54.243 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
248.391 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 131 of 157

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.900 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 54.835 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 60.928 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00073
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00054

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1920.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.145

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

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Isolated Footing Design Page 132 of 157

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 63

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.353m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Width (W2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 22

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.760 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 54.243 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
248.391 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 133 of 157

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.900 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 54.835 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 60.928 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00073
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00054

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1920.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.145

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

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Isolated Footing Design Page 134 of 157

Isolated Footing 64

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.368m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Width (W2) = 2.400 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.760 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 54.243 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
248.391 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 135 of 157

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.900 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 54.835 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 60.928 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00073
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00054

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1920.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.145

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 65

Design Calculations

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Isolated Footing Design Page 136 of 157

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.276m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.300 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Width (W2) = 2.300 m Governing Load Case : # 18

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 22

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.290 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 49.817 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
227.242 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

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From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.850 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 46.874 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 52.082 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00065
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00048

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1840.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.024

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 66

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

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Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.287m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.300 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Width (W2) = 2.300 m Governing Load Case : # 16

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 5.290 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 49.817 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
227.242 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

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From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.850 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 46.874 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 52.082 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00065
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00048

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1840.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.024

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 67

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN

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Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN


Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.216m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 17

Width (W2) = 2.000 m Governing Load Case : # 17

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.000 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 37.669 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
169.194 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

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Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.300 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 27.643 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 30.715 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00044
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00033

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1600.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.178

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 68

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN

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Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2


o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 1.539m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.700 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Width (W2) = 1.700 m Governing Load Case : # 20

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 25

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 2.890 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 27.216 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
119.246 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

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Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.550 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 14.506 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 16.117 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00027
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00020

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1360.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1570.790 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.155

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 69

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.464m

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Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Width (W2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 23

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.840 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 45.580 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
206.993 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.900 m
column at a distance, Dx =

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Ultimate moment, 50.265 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 55.851 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00073
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00054

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1760.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.071

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 70

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 2.053m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

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Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 1.900 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Width (W2) = 1.900 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 26

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 3.610 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 33.996 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
151.645 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.650 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 22.643 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 25.159 kNm

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(Based on effective depth)


0.00038
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00028

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1520.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1570.790 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.033

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 71

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q 2
max = 1.783m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 21

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Width (W2) = 2.200 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 4.840 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 45.580 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
206.993 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.900 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 50.265 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 55.851 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00073
Required =

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(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00054

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1760.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1884.948 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.071

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 72

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.157m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.900 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Width (W2) = 2.900 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 21

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Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 8.410 m2
Final Soil Height = 2.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 79.199 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
367.637 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.250 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 127.814 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 142.016 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00143
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00105

Since min min Governs

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Area of Steel Required, As = 2320.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2513.264 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.083

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 73

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.047m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Width (W2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)

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Area (A2) = 7.290 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 68.652 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
317.239 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.150 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 100.721 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 111.913 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00120
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00089

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2160.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total

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Isolated Footing Design Page 153 of 157

= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2


Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.018

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 74

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 2.040m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Width (W2) = 2.700 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.290 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m

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Footing Self Weight = 68.652 kN


Soil Weight On Top Of
317.239 kN
Footing =

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.150 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 100.721 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 111.913 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00120
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00089

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2160.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.018

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 155 of 157

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 75

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.500m

Initial Width (Wo) = 1.500m

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 2.250m2
o o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max
= 1.720m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.500 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Width (W2) = 2.500 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth (D2) = 0.400 m Governing Load Case : # 21

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 6.250 m2

Final Soil Height = 2.500 m


Footing Self Weight = 58.858 kN
Soil Weight On Top Of
270.440 kN
Footing =

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 156 of 157

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff= 0.295 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.850

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02709

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02032

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 18.824

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 1.050 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 77.746 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 86.385 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00100
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00074

Since min min Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 2000.000 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 2199.106 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.100

Selected bar Size = #20


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

Selected spacing (S) = 200.000mm

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017
Isolated Footing Design Page 157 of 157

Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 206.535mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#20 @ 200.000mm o.c.

Print Calculation Sheet

file:///C:/Staad%20Foundation%20Advanced/CalcXsl/footing.xml 7/21/2017

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