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5.

Which of the following statements


about metamorphism is false?
A. metamorphic rocks form
from existing sedimentary,
igneous, or metamorphic rocks
B. metamorphic means change
of form
C. during metamorphism,
existing minerals are
transformed into new minerals
D. the controlling factors for
metamorphism are pressure,
temperature, fluids, and time
E. metamorphism involves
melting of existing rocks to form
new minerals

6. Foliation is produced in
metamorphic rocks because of:
A. lithostatic pressure
B. hydrostatic pressure
C. differential stress
D. high temperatures
E. hydrothermal effects
STOP! IF YOU ARE NOT USING PENCIL,
YOU NEED TO GET ONE FROM THE
FRONT RIGHT NOW!!
7. A rock that is partially metamorphic
and partially igneous because of a
small degree of melting is a:
A. pegmatite
B. migmatite

C. magmatite
D. magnetite
E. dogmatite

8. An example of a hydrous mineral in


a metamorphic rock is:
A. quartz
B. felsdpar
C. pyroxene
D. garnet
E. amphibole

9. Which of the following metamorphic


rock types does not fall into the same
category as the others?
A. marble
B. gneiss
C. phyllite
D. slate
E. schist

10. An aureole is associated with the


following type of metamorphism:
A. dynamic metamorphism
B. contact metamorphism
C. burial metamorphism
D. regional metamorphism
E. aureoles are not
metamorphic features

11. Which of the following statements


is true about the transition from one
metamorphic grade to another?
A. a new index mineral appears
in the rock
B. the mineral assemblage
changes
C. an isograd is crossed
D. metamorphic grade decreases
with increasing distance away
from an igneous intrusion
E. all of the above are true

12. Which of the following is not a real


metamorphic facies?
A. greenschist
B. amphibolite
C. diagenesis
D. blueschist
E. eclogite

14. Which of the following statements


about metamorphism is FALSE?
A. metamorphic rocks form from older
sedimentary, igneous, or metamorphic
rocks
B. metamorphic means change of
form
C. during metamorphism, existing
minerals are transformed into new
minerals
D. diagenesis must happen during
burial before metamorphism begins
E. metamorphism involves melting of
existing rocks to form new minerals
15. A foliation develops in a
metamorphic rock because:
A. platy minerals always align with
each other during metamorphism
B. the rock that got metamorphosed
also had a foliation in it
C. differential stress causes minerals
to align parallel to each other
D. high temperatures cause minerals to
recrystallize with a foliation
E. this is what metamorphic rocks are
all about
16. An aureole is associated with the
following type of metamorphism:
A. regional metamorphism
B. burial metamorphism
C. dynamic metamorphism
D. contact metamorphism
E. hydrothermal metamorphism
21. Which of the following statements
about metamorphism is false?
A. metamorphic rocks form from
existing sedimentary, igneous, or
metamorphic rocks
B. metamorphism involves melting of
existing rocks to form new minerals
C. during metamorphism, existing
minerals are transformed into new
minerals
D. metamorphism is controlled by
pressure, temperature, fluids, and time
E. metamorphic means change of
form
22. Metamorphism of rocks in the crust
begins below the zone of sedimentary
diagenesis, which
extends down to the depth where rock
temperatures reach:
A. 150C
B. 300C
C. 500C
D. 1000C
E. 1500C
23. At depths in the crust shallower
than about 15 km (~9 mi), rocks
undergo (1)________
metamorphism. An example of a
metamorphic rock formed at this grade
is (2)__________.
A. (1) high-grade; (2) slate
B. (1) high-grade; (2) schist
C. (1) low-grade; (2) gneiss
D. (1) low-grade; (2) slate
E. (1) low-grade; (2) migmatite
27. Which of the following statements
about the size of the zone of
metamorphism associated with
contact metamorphism is false?
A. the zone can extend 100s of meters
away from a batholith intrusion
B. the size is related to the
temperature of the magma
C. the size is related to the amount of
fluids causing hydrothermal alteration
D. the size is related to how much
mechanical deformation is occurring
E. the type of rocks being
metamorphosed greatly affects the
size of the zone
28. In a region of metamorphosed
rocks, the metamorphic minerals are
different in different places
because the metamorphic grade
changes. The types of minerals that
are associated with a
particular metamorphic grade are
called:
A. isograds
B. hornfels
C. diagenetic minerals
D. mineral facies
E. index minerals
52. Metamorphism produced
predominantly by the hydrothermal
alteration of minerals is called:
A. recrystallization
B. mylonitization
C. hydrothermatism
D. metasomatism
E. metaphoricalism
1. Metamorphism differs from
diagenesis only in temperature and
pressure. Diagenesis occurs at
_________
temperature and pressure.
A. very high
B. high
C. intermediate
D. low
E. all of the above
2. Regional metamorphism of the
granulite-amphibolite facies occurs
deep in the crust at ________ margins.
A. convergent
B. divergent
C. translational
D. intracontinental
E. none of the above
3. When a rock melts, it is no longer a
rock, it becomes a magma, and when it
cools, an igneous rock. The melting
point of rock is partially controlled by
the amount of water in the rock, which
is why upper mantle rocks melt so
easily near __________________.
A. translational faults
B. mid-ocean ridges
C. subduction zones
D. arctic islands
E. all of the above
4. Differential stress has a direction of
maximum stress which tends to flatten
minerals such as __________ on
planes of foliation.
A. quartz
B. feldspar
C. mica
D. calcite
E. none of the above
5. Slaty cleavage is along planes
perpendicular to:
A. the original bedding
B. the normal to the original bedding
C. the maximum stress direction
D. the minimum stress direction
E. both A and C
6. Quartz and _______________ form the
light colored bands in gneiss.
A. biotite
B. amphiboles
C. pyroxenes
D. feldspar
E. all of the above
7. When limestone is metamorphosed
into marble, no foliation occurs but the
__________ crystals increase in size.
A. quartz
B. biotite
C. calcite
D. amphibole
E. pyroxene
8. Dynamic metamorphism is also
called ____________ metamorphism.
A. catatonic
B. cataclastic
C. catastrophic
D. calamatic
E. catablastic
9. Contact metamorphism occurs
adjacent to igneous intrusions,
commonly resulting in a metamorphic
_______.
A. aureole
B. oreo
C. extrusion
D. subduction
E. pediment
29. The zone of metamorphism is above
the zone of (1)________ but below the
zone of (2)_________.
A. (1) diagenesis (2) partial melting
B. (1) magma (2) migmatites
C. (1) 150C (2) 800C
D. (1) partial melting (2) diagenesis
E. (1) molten magma (2) partial melting
30. Which of the following statements
regarding lithostatic pressure is
correct?
A. it is caused by the weight of the
overlying rocks
B. it is equal in magnitude from all
directions
C. it causes rocks to decrease in
volume but it does not change the rock
shape
D. all of the above
E. none of the above
31. Which of the following statements
about metamorphism is FALSE?
A. metamorphic rocks form from
existing sedimentary, igneous, or
metamorphic rocks
B. metamorphism involves melting of
existing rocks to form new minerals
C. during metamorphism, existing
minerals are transformed into new
minerals
D. metamorphism is controlled by
pressure, temperature, fluids, and time
E. metamorphic means change of form
32. Which of the following metamorphic
terms does not belong with the others?
A. foliation
B. schistosity
C. gneissic texture
D. hornfels
E. slaty cleavage
33. In the lists of metamorphic rocks
below, which one shows rocks in the
correct order from lowest to highest
metamorphic grade for an initially clay-
rich rock?
A. slate - phyllite - schist - gneiss
B. slate - schist - phyllite - gneiss
C. schist - phyllite - slate - gneiss
D. gneiss - slate - phyllite - schist
E. gneiss - schist - phyllite - slate
34. Metamorphism of limestone
produces:
A. granulite
B. hornfels
C. quartzite
D. slate
E. marble
35. What type of metamorphism results
in the development of an aureole?
A. dynamic
B. shock
C. regional
D. contact
E. burial
36. Which type of metamorphism is
associated with the process of
metasomatism?
A. thermal
B. hydrothermal
C. regional
D. burial
E. dynamic
37. Which type of metamorphism would
NOT be expected to produce
predominantly mechanical
deformation?
A. regional
B. impact
C. burial
D. dynamic
E. all of the above are dominated by
mechanical deformation
41. If magma intrudes into existing
rocks in the crust, the boundary
between these so-called country rocks
and the
igneous rock that forms from the
magma is called a/an:
A. disconformity
B. angular unconformity
C. nonconformity
D. unconformity
E. intrusive contact