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A1700 Programmable

Polyphase Meter

Chapter 6 - Software Support


M120 001 7S
5.2007

A1700 Chapters

Chapter 1 Introduction M120 001 1


Chapter 2 Over view M120 001 2
Chapter 3 Hardware M120 001 3
Chapter 4 Communications M120 001 4
Chapter 5 Input/Output M120 001 5
Chapter 6 Installation M 120 0016
Chapter 7 Software Support M120 001 7
Chapter 8 IEC 870 Meter (Special) M120 001 8
Chapter 9 T. L. Compensation (Special) M120 001 9
A1700 Programmable Polyphase Meter Users Manual - Chapter 6 i
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CONTENTS

POWER MASTER UNIT METER COMPATIBILITY ................................................................................V


SOFTWARE INSTALLATION ........................................................................................................... VII

POWER MASTER UNIT ........................................................................................................... 1


1.1 POWER MASTER UNIT INTRODUCTION .............................................................................. 1
1.2 PREREQUISITES .............................................................................................................. 1
1.3 LOGGING ON TO THE SYSTEM .......................................................................................... 2
1.4 FEATURES OF THE MAIN MASTER UNIT WINDOW .............................................................. 2
Action Windows ............................................................................................................ 2
1.5 THE MAIN WINDOW ......................................................................................................... 4
Menus .......................................................................................................................... 4
Scheme Editor Pages ................................................................................................... 7
Using the Toolbar ......................................................................................................... 8
About Help .................................................................................................................... 8

THE SCHEME MANAGER ....................................................................................................... 9


2.1 INTRODUCING SCHEMES .................................................................................................. 9
2.2 THE SCHEME MANAGER COMPONENTS ............................................................................ 9
2.3 SCHEME MANAGER ....................................................................................................... 10

SCHEME EDITOR................................................................................................................... 11
3.1 SELECTING THE METER TYPE ........................................................................................ 11
3.2 SCHEME EDITOR ........................................................................................................... 12
3.3 STARTING A NEW SCHEME ............................................................................................ 13
3.4 SCHEME EDITOR ........................................................................................................... 13
3.4.1 SUMMARY ..................................................................................................................... 13
3.4.2 METER IDENTIFIERS ...................................................................................................... 14
3.4.3 PASSWORDS ................................................................................................................. 14
Password Security ...................................................................................................... 14
3.4.4 TARIFF.......................................................................................................................... 15
Register Sources ........................................................................................................ 15
Define Seasons........................................................................................................... 16
Season Changeover Dates......................................................................................... 17
Exclusion Dates .......................................................................................................... 18
Checksum (-I/J/L/Q/R/S/T/V/W/X/1/2/3/4/5) ............................................................... 19
3.4.5 DEFERRED TARIFF ........................................................................................................ 19
3.4.6 DEFERRED TARIFF SETUP ............................................................................................. 19
3.4.7 BILLING DATES.............................................................................................................. 19
3.4.8 DISPLAY ....................................................................................................................... 20
Building the Displays .................................................................................................. 20
Transferring a Group of Sequential Displays.............................................................. 20
Display Selection ........................................................................................................ 21
Default Display............................................................................................................ 21
Consumer & Utility Display ......................................................................................... 21
Filling in and Defining Consumer & Utility Displays.................................................... 22
Messages.................................................................................................................... 23
Error Reporting ........................................................................................................... 23
Defaults....................................................................................................................... 23
Deferred Display ......................................................................................................... 23
3.4.9 METER CONSTANTS ...................................................................................................... 24
3.4.10 RELAY SETUP ............................................................................................................... 24
3.4.11 LOAD PROFILING ........................................................................................................... 25
3.4.12 INSTRUMENTATION PROFILING (-1/2/3/4/5)..................................................................... 26
3.4.13 INSTRUMENTATION EVENT MONITORING (-1/2/3/4/5) ...................................................... 27

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3.4.14 A1700 METER OPTIONS ................................................................................................ 28


Clock ........................................................................................................................ 28
Register Formats ........................................................................................................ 28
Date Formats .............................................................................................................. 29
Communications ......................................................................................................... 29
Error Handling............................................................................................................. 30
3.4.15 A1700 METER USER INTERFACE OPTIONS ..................................................................... 33
3.4.16 TIME & DATE ................................................................................................................ 34
3.4.17 CUSTOMER DEFINED REGISTERS ................................................................................... 35
3.4.18 TRANSFORMER LOSS COMPENSATION (-U) .................................................................... 36
3.4.19 INPUT MODULE ............................................................................................................. 36
Input Module Configuration......................................................................................... 36
Install and Configure Module ...................................................................................... 37
Integration Period Reset Configuration ...................................................................... 38
Register Formats ........................................................................................................ 38
3.5 PPM SCHEME EDITOR .................................................................................................. 39
3.5.1 SUMMARY ..................................................................................................................... 39
3.5.2 METER IDENTIFIERS ...................................................................................................... 39
3.5.3 PASSWORDS ................................................................................................................. 39
Password Security ...................................................................................................... 39
Utility Code.................................................................................................................. 39
Opus Password........................................................................................................... 39
3.5.4 TARIFF.......................................................................................................................... 40
3.5.5 DEFERRED TARIFF ........................................................................................................ 40
3.5.6 DEFERRED TARIFF SETUP ............................................................................................. 40
3.5.7 BILLING DATES.............................................................................................................. 41
3.5.8 PPM MK1 DISPLAY ....................................................................................................... 41
3.5.9 PPM MKII DISPLAY ....................................................................................................... 42
3.5.10 METER CONSTANTS ...................................................................................................... 44
3.5.11 RELAY SETUP ............................................................................................................... 45
3.5.12 LOAD PROFILING ........................................................................................................... 45
LOAD PROFILE BLOCK DEMAND ..................................................................................... 45
3.5.13 PPM METER OPTIONS .................................................................................................. 46
Hardware and Clock ................................................................................................... 46
User Interface ............................................................................................................. 47
Error Handling............................................................................................................. 47
Other ........................................................................................................................ 48
3.5.14 TIME & DATE ................................................................................................................ 48

READING & EXAMINING METER DATA .............................................................................. 49


4.1 OPEN DATA TO READ EDITOR ........................................................................................ 49
4.1.1 Data Stream Mode (-J/L/Q/R/S/T/U/V/W/X/1/2/3/4/5) ................................................ 50
4.2 READINGS VIEWER ........................................................................................................ 50
Viewing Load (Instrumentation) Profile Data .............................................................. 51

METER MANAGER................................................................................................................. 53
5.1 METER MANAGER INTRODUCTION .................................................................................. 53
Meter Information Editor ............................................................................................. 54
Live Link...................................................................................................................... 55
A1700 (Vision) Link Virtual meter ............................................................................... 55

METER LIST ........................................................................................................................... 57


6.1 THE METER LIST COMPONENTS ..................................................................................... 57
Meter List Context Menu............................................................................................. 57

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SYSTEM ADMINISTRATION.................................................................................................. 59
7.1 SYSTEM ........................................................................................................................ 59
Changing Passwords.................................................................................................. 59
Defining a New User................................................................................................... 60
File Locations.............................................................................................................. 61
Meter Connection Setup ............................................................................................. 61
Communications Server Setup ................................................................................... 61
Communications Server Log ...................................................................................... 62
Back-up Database ...................................................................................................... 62
Time Set Mode............................................................................................................ 63
Language .................................................................................................................... 63

COMMUNICATIONS ............................................................................................................... 65
8.1 COMMUNICATIONS METHODS ......................................................................................... 65
Connections ................................................................................................................ 65
8.2 SENDING A SCHEME TO METER...................................................................................... 66
Execute Meter List ...................................................................................................... 66
Quick Send Scheme ................................................................................................... 67
8.3 COMMUNICATIONS SERVER ........................................................................................... 67
Introduction ................................................................................................................. 67
8.4 MAIN MENU .................................................................................................................. 68
File ........................................................................................................................ 68
8.5 OMS FILE TRANSFER ( OPEN METERING SYSTEMS ) ..................................................... 68
Downloading Schemes ............................................................................................... 69
8.6 VIEWING COMMUNICATIONS FAILURES ........................................................................... 73
8.7 NETWORKING THE POWER MASTER UNIT ....................................................................... 73

APPENDIX A........................................................................................................................... 75
A1 INSTRUMENTATION ........................................................................................................ 75
A2 A1700 LINK (VIRTUAL METER) ...................................................................................... 75

APPENDIX B........................................................................................................................... 77
B1 EXPORTING READINGS AS A TEXT ONLY FILE ................................................................. 77
Setting up the File printer............................................................................................ 77

APPENDIX C........................................................................................................................... 78
C1 XML FILES ................................................................................................................... 78
Introduction ................................................................................................................. 78
Creating an XML File .................................................................................................. 79

APPENDIX D........................................................................................................................... 80
D1 PPM TO A1700 CONVERSIONS ..................................................................................... 80
D2 IMPORTING THE PPM SCHEME INTO THE POWER MASTER UNIT ...................................... 80
D3 CONVERTING A PPM SCHEME INTO AN A1700 SCHEME .................................................. 81
D4 RENAMING THE PAGES OF THE NEW SCHEME ................................................................. 82

APPENDIX E ........................................................................................................................... 83
E1 DISPLAYS ..................................................................................................................... 83
iv A1700 Programmable Polyphase Meter Users Manual - Chapter 6
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Power Master Unit Meter Compatibility


Meters that can be programmed with the Power Master
Unit are shown on the screen opposite. See the list below
for details of the meter types.
For programming meters it is strongly recommended that
only one scheme compatibility is selected at a time.
If more than one scheme compatibility is to be selected,
read the notes below:
Note 1: If more than one type of meter is selected and a
Scheme is created, scheme parameters applicable to the
lowest specification of meter only will be available for
selection.
Note 2: The multi-utility, transformer loss compensation
(TLC) option allows transformer and power line losses to be
provided for. To program this meter, see the TLC meter
manual M120 001 9.
To program the following meters, see their respective
manuals
A120 or A140 single phase meter (Manual M130 001 3)
A1120 or A1140 polyphase meter (Manual M181 001 3)

A1700 Versions
PB******* - B, C Standard COP5 A1700
PB******* - G, H Standard COP5 with Input Module
PB******* - E, K Australia
PB******* - J ENEL with Input Module, 32 Rate Registers
PB******* - F COP5 with Input Module, 900 days Load Profile (LP)
PB******* - L 32 Rate Registers and Data Stream Mode (DSM)
PB******* - N Vietnam, 36 Billing Days
PB******* - Q 32 Rate Registers, 900 days Load Profile and Data Stream Mode
PB******* - R IEC 870 Code
PB******* - S 32 Rate Registers, Password protection Register zeroing and Data Stream Mode
PB******* - T COP5, Input Module, 32 Rate Registers, DSM, (Large Character Display)
PB******* - U Transformer Loss Compensation
PB******* - V Password Protection Register zeroing and Data Stream Mode (Large Character Display)
PB******* - W Russia
PB******* - X MU compatible, 32 Rate Registers, 900 days LP, DSM, (Large Character Display)
PB******* - Y Vietnam, 36 Billing Days, 36 Historical Registers, 16 TOU, (Large Character Display)
PB******* - Z MU compatible, (Large Character Display)
PB******* - 1 Instrumentation & Load profiling, 32 Rate Registers, DSM, (Large Character Display)
PB******* - 2 Instrumentation & Load profiling, 32 Rate Registers, DSM, Input or Output Module
PB******* - 3 As - 2 with register zeroing
PB******* - 4 As - 2 with LED Relay Tracking and Pushbutton Time & Date Change
PB******* - 5 Vietnam, Instrumentation & Load profiling
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Additional Features PPM Un-available Features


PM****C***** Data Logging

PM****G***** Phase Failure Indication Maximum demand alarm


60 Hz option
Day number offset
PM****J***** As Version G As Version G
(Code 5 Reverse Running Indication Auxiliary input for end of
V1.0 12.92 Battery Life Monitoring billing reset
PPM) Reprogramming Flag 2nd and 3rd maximum
Store Above in Alarm Word and Data Logging demands.
Test Mode to provide 2 Decimal Places
PM****L***** As Version J As Version J
(Code 5 Password Protection Utility Code
V1.03 9.94
PPM)
PM****R**** As Version L As Version L
PM****U**** Programmable Display Sequence
Maximum demand alarm

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Software Installation
What you will Need (Recommended Minimum Specification)
Pentium 3 Processor
256 MB RAM
CD ROM
60 MB free hard disk space
SVGA Display

The Power Master Unit has been developed as a 32-bit Windows application.
As such it should present no problems running on most configurations of Windows NT 4,
Windows 2000 and Windows XP.
Several third party software packages (such as CHIRPS) are included in the Power Master
Unit. Refer to their operating instructions/authoring company's to determine their levels of
Windows compatibility.
The performance and operation of the Power Master Unit Software will inevitably depend on
the way Windows has been set up on a given PC. There are a number of limitations when using
a single user application in a fully networked environment and where the operating system
controls the interaction between an application and the resources of the computer. Wherever
possible it is recommended that the Power Master Unit machine is set to single
application/single user mode with all local permissions, etc. set.

Operating recommendation
It is recommended that the Master Unit is operated using a mouse.
Portable computers should use an external mouse fitted to the mouse port.
The Power Master Unit can be operated from the keyboard if required.

Installing the Software


Before beginning installation, make sure all other programs are closed.
If upgrading the Master Unit to a later version, ALWAYS make a back up of the database
prior to beginning the upgrade.
The installation can be halted by clicking on the "Cancel" button on the bottom right of the screen.
To install the software, follow the instructions below:

InstallShield
Click on the Install Software hypertext link in the Read
Me. The InstallShield Wizard will run.
After a short time the screen opposite is displayed.
If the Power Master Unit is not already on your PC a
prompt will be displayed to continue. Click Upgrade
Power Master Unit, Next to continue.
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Read Me
If a new installation is being installed a Read Me screen is displayed.
Note: The Read Me contains important information on the Master Unit installation.
Please familiarise yourself with the contents before proceeding with the installation.
Click Next to continue.

Type of Installation
The following types of installation can be
selected:
1. New Installation
2. Upgrade PMU 16 bit -> PMU 32 bit
3. Upgrade PMU 32 bit -> later version 32 bit
Select your option and click Next to continue.

Note: If New Installation is selected and a 16


or 32 bit version of the Master Unit is already
installed on your PC, a warning will be
displayed to select an upgrade option or
completely uninstall the Master Unit.

Choose Destination
The Power Master Unit will be installed in the
selected folder. The default destination is
C:\ELSTER\PMU\.
Use the Browse button to select another folder.
Click Next to continue.
A prompt is displayed if it is OK to overwrite the
installation. Click Yes.

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Installation Options
Click the installation options required.
The Master Unit can be installed in the default
directories or a directory of your choice by using
the Browse buttons.
If Meter Password Security is not required for
your installation, uncheck the COP5 Access
Passwords enabled box.
Click Next to continue. Note: For an upgrade it is
recommended all installation options are selected
and Use copy of existing database.

Select Language
This option allows the A1700 LCD to be
displayed in the language of your choice.
It should be noted that not all language options
are fully supported. Non supported options will
default to English.

Flag Probe Selection


Various probes can be used to communicate with
meters via the optical 'FLAG' communications
port. These probes are one of two basic types:
Probe with DTR disabled
Probe with DTR enabled
It is important to choose the correct probe for
your installation, as optical communications will
not be available if the wrong probe is selected.
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Select Program Folder


This allows the program to be stored on the Start Menu in the folder name of your choice.
You may select a folder already on your system or select a new folder.
When you have chosen the folder:
Click Next to continue.

Start Copying Files


Before the files are copied to your PC, a
summary of the files you have selected to
install is displayed. Before continuing, check
they are the options you require.
Click Next to continue.

Installation Complete
The files are copied to your PC.
Click Finish.

Note 1: The Power Master Unit must have a


printer attached for correct installation.
If a printer is not available a generic print driver
may be used.

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Scheme Manager Meter Manager Systems Administration


Changing Passwords 7
Scheme Editor 3 Readings 4 Meter Information Editor 5 Defining a New User
Summary 3.5.1 As Scheme Editor + Connection (Comms)Type File Locations
Meter Identifiers 3.5.2 Current Values Elements Meter Connection Setup
Passwords 3.5.3 Historical Registers Relays Comms Server Setup
Tariff 3.5.4 Instantaneous Values Load Profile Time Set Mode
Billing Dates 3. Meter Physical Info Communication
Displays 3.5.8 3.5.9 Load Profile Data OS & Telephone Number
Meter Constants 3.5.10 Identifiers
Relay Setup 3.5.11 Utility Codes
Load Profiling 3.5.12 Passwords
Meter Options 3.5.13
Time & Date 3.5.14

Meter List 6.1

Meter Schemes

Quick Send 8.2

Examine Meter Readings 4


Meter Identifiers Current Values Tariff Billing Dates Displays Meter Constants Relay Setup
Load Profiling Miscellaneous Time & Date Passwords Instantaneous Values Hardware Configuration
Security & Diagnostics Status Report Load Profile Data

PPM Power Master Unit Overview


xii A1700 Programmable Polyphase Meter Users Manual - Chapter 6
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Scheme Manager Met er Mana ger Systems Admin istration 7


Scheme Editor 3.2 Readings 4 Ch anging Passwords
Me ter Identifiers 3.4.2 As Scheme Editor + Meter Information Editor 5 De fining a New User
Passwords 3.4.3 Cu rren t Values Co nnection (Comms)Type File Locations
Tariff 3.4.4 Histo rical Registers Elements Me ter Connection Setup
De ferred Tariff 3.4.5 Instantaneous Values Re la ys Co mms S erver Setup
De ferred Tariff Setup 3.4.6 Me ter Physical Info Load Profile Back-up Database
Billing Dates 3.4.7 Load Profile Data Co mmun ication Time Set Mode
A1700 Display 3.4.8 Instrumentation Values OS & Telephone Number Language
De ferred A1700 Display Identifiers
Me ter Constants 3..4.9 Utility Codes
Re la y Setup 3.4.10 Passwords
Load Profiling 3.4.11
Instrumentation Profile 3.4.12
Instrumentation Event Logging 3.4.13
Me ter Options 3.4.14
User Interface Options 3.4.15
Time & Date 3.4.16
Cu stomer Defined 3.4.17
Transformer Loss 3.4.18
Meter List 6.1
Inputs 3.4.19
Meter Schemes

Quick Send 8.2 Execute Meter List 8.2

Examine Meter Read ings 4


Re gister Values, Historical Registers, Load Profile Data, Instrumentation Profile Data, Security Data, Hardware Configuration
Me ter Identifiers, Passwords, Tariff, Deferred Tariff, Billing Dates, Display, Meter Constants, Customer Registers, Rela y Setup,
Load Profiling, Instrumentation Profiling, Instrumentation Events, A1700 Options, A1700 UI Options, Time & Date, Input Module

A1700 Power Master Unit Overview

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Power Master Unit

1.1 Power Master Unit Introduction


This section gives the basics on how to use the Power Master Unit software.
The Power Master Unit (Referred to in this manual as the Master Unit) software is a menu
driven package designed to support all variants of Elster Metering Systems:
A1700/PPM Polyphase Commercial and Industrial Meters
A1120/1140 Light Industrial and Commercial Meters
A120/140 Electronic Single-phase Domestic Meters
Power Master Unit meter compatibility does not allow A1700/PPM, A1120/1140 or A120/140
meters to be programmed by the same scheme; therefore a separate manual supports each
application. This manual supports A1700 (Vision) meters and Programmable Polyphase
Meters (PPM) only.
For information on how to program A1120/1140 meters, see manual M181 001 3
For information on how to program A120/140 meters, see manuals M130 001 3.

The key features of the Master Unit software are:


Menu driven, using Microsoft Windows based operating software to guide the user through
the process of setting up a meter for any particular application.
Programming structure too ensure that if an attempt is made to program a feature that is not
present in a meter, erroneous data cannot be programmed. All other features are
programmed normally.

The Software permits:


Reading and Programming directly through the optical port, or via the serial communications
port
Reading and Programming indirectly via a Hand Held Unit (HHU) through the optical port
Transferring information to and from a HHU
Reading and Programming through the serial port either directly or via a modem

1.2 Prerequisites
This tutorial assumes you are comfortable with the 'Microsoft Windows' environment.
The Master Unit is Windows compatible, but if you are uncertain of the Windows structure,
it is worth spending a little time familiarising yourself with the 'Brief Tour of Microsoft Windows'
in the Windows manual before entering the software.
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1.3 Logging On to the System


Open the Power Master Unit from the
appropriate directory to display the Master Unit
Logon dialog.
For security reasons, only users with a direct
knowledge of the correct User id and
Passwords will be permitted to Log On to the
Power Master Unit software. The Password is
initially set to Elster. This should be changed as
soon as possible to prevent unauthorised access
to the Master Unit. The password may be
changed using the System/Change Password
dialog from the Main Menu bar.
To enter the system a User name with the correct Password must be entered. Three
attempts to match the Password with the User name are allowed before access is denied. If
a match is not found, a message is displayed and the program exits.
Select the User Name and enter the password. The system enters the Power Master Unit
main menu.
The default password is:
User Name Elster
Password Elster
Note: Administrator access is for certifying or building meters only.
For details of Administrator access, contact Elster Metering Systems.

1.4 Features of the Main Master Unit Window


When the software is first entered, the Main window is displayed. The Window is divided into
elements consisting of three Action Windows and a Status Bar.

Action Windows
There are three action windows,
the Scheme manager, Meter
manager and the Meter list.
The Scheme and Meter manager
function in a similar way and consist of
two panes. The left pane is divided into
a series of folders and sub folders.
These folders represent Scheme
related and meter information. The
right pane consists of objects that
relate to an opened folder.
The Meter list brings together a meter
or number of meters from the Meter
manager and a scheme or a number
of schemes from the Scheme
manager to produce a list of meters
and their associated schemes.

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Techniques used on the action windows


Selecting Objects or folders
Point at the object or folder and click the leftmost mouse button.
The object or folder will appear highlighted.

Opening folders
In the Scheme Manager, double click the leftmost
mouse button on Schemes. The folder will open to
show further folders.

Dragging and dropping objects or folders


Valid objects or folders can be moved from Drag &
Meter Manager Meter List
the Meter manager or Scheme manager to Drop
Meters B9918293 B9918293
the Meter list using drag and drop B9618294
techniques.

Use of the rightmost mouse button


Point to an object in the Scheme manager and
click the rightmost mouse button.
A menu appears.
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1.5 The Main Window


This section provides an overview of the Master
Unit Software. The use of the components of the
Window is detailed in the section, Features of the
Main Master Unit.

Menus

File
New
Scheme: Opens a new blank polyphase/single phase Scheme in the Scheme manager
ready to be edited.

Open: Opens an existing file ready to be edited.


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Open Meter List: Opens the Load Meter list Action Window. Select a Meter list and press
Load to open the list.

Save Meter List: Allows a new Meter list to be saved.

Save Meter List As: Allows a Meter list to be edited and saved as a new name.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Logoff ELSTER: Logs off the current user

Exit: Quits the Master Unit

Edit
Cut - Remove a highlighted object and insert it on the clipboard,
then use the paste facility to paste it in a folder
Paste - Paste a cut object from the clipboard to the selected
Manager.
Rename - Rename a highlighted object.
Delete - Delete a highlighted object. (For the Scheme manager and
Meter manager the object is inserted into the Trash can).

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Tools
Delete RES Files
This option allows unwanted .RES files to be
deleted.

Import old Master Unit file - This allows files produced in the original Elster Metering
Systems Master Unit to be converted for use in the Power Master Unit. Files are imported
to the Old Master Unit folder and arranged as a scheme for use in the Power Master Unit.

Import RES file - This retrieves meter readings from different locations such as a:\ to be
transferred to the Master Unit.

Import Scheme/meter - Import a Scheme or meter parameters from another source such
as a floppy disk or Network drive.

Export Scheme/meter - Export a Scheme or meter parameters to another source such as a


floppy disk or Network drive.

A1700 (Vision) link, Virtual meter - Allows remote viewing of an A1700 displays.
See Appendix A2 for details of using this option.

Live Link - Live Link allows power instrumentation parameters to be displayed.


See Appendix A1 for details of using this option.

Options
Operation
Confirmation - Confirmation gives the option of
warning the user if schemes, meters or folders are
being moved or deleted.
Automatically Scan for Readings - When selected,
all readings files will be automatically imported in the
Scheme manager. The default of the scanning
frequency is 10 seconds, but this can be altered
using the scan frequency dropdown box. If the
Master Unit is networked or a low specification PC is
being used, leave this option unchecked for faster
Master Unit response. Check as required to update
the readings using the Automatically scan for
readings facility.
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Passwords in Meters - This option allows the passwords of COP 5 Issue II and A1700
meters to be ignored. The meters are treated as a COP 5 Issue I meter using the Utility Code.

Default Passwords - This option allows the default passwords for the Utility Code, Opus,
COP 5 Issue II PPM and A1700 Meter to be entered and used as defaults in the Meter
Manager. The passwords must match the passwords programmed to the meter.
Note: Only uppercase alphanumeric characters may be used.

Transfer
Execute Meter List - This will execute the Meter list currently
selected.

Quicksend Scheme - This allows a Scheme currently selected


to be programmed to a meter, bypassing the Meter list.

Launch Communications Server - Opens the


Communications Server ready for a communications session

Launch CHIRPS - Opens CHIRPS ready for a communications session.

Launch OMS - Opens the Open Metering Systems software ready for a communications
session with a Hand Held Unit.

Launch Scheduler (see Manual M120 001 6/1) - The Meter List Scheduler is an optional
Power Master Unit programming tool that allows a Meter list(s) set up in the Power Master
Unit to be activated at a time scheduled by the software.

System
Change Password - Used to change the Current User's password
User Administration - Used to set a User's permissions or add New
Users
File Location - Used to locate System Files
Meter Connection Setup - Allows communications facilities to be
specified
Communications Server Setup - Allows all communications ports to
be configured
View Communications Log - Views the log of communications
session
Back-up Database - Allows a total back-up of the database to be
created
Time Set Mode - Allows a meter's time to be set automatically to the system time, or to a
predetermined time
Language - Allows a language choice to be selected for the strings resources.
The Master Unit is then restarted and the new language strings are implemented

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Window
Show Communications Failures Window - Allows all
communications failures to be viewed or saved. Saved files
may be kept as a record for support purposes
Arrange - Opens minimised Windows and re-arranges
customised Windows to the Master Unit Set-up

Scheme Editor Pages


Each page in the Scheme editor is similar in
construction, all fields and controls being used
in the same way.
The Meter constants page is shown opposite.
It consists of a Page Identifier and Three
Check Panels.

Page Name Identifier


This identifier is unique to the page currently being edited. Other pages of this type
can be selected using the arrow by the side of the identifier. This allows editing of
an existing scheme or new schemes using the same data to be created.

Check Panels
The Transformers ratio check panel is shown opposite and is selected or
deselected using the check box in the top left corner.

If the box is unchecked the contents of


the panel cannot be altered. The meter
functionality or data will remain
unchanged.
; If the box is checked, the panel becomes
operable and the meter functionality or
data can be changed.
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Using the Toolbar


The toolbar allows special tasks to be performed by simply pressing the required toolbar
button. By laying the cursor over a button, the button name is displayed.

Restore Scheme

About Help
The Power Master Unit Help has been structured in the form of a Tutorial, which gives a
step-by-step guide on how to enter a scheme into a Programmable Polyphase Meter or
A1700 Meter.
All information required to program a meter is contained in the Help.

Using the F1 Key


Pressing F1 whilst a topic is selected in the Master Unit
software displays the topic Help information.

The Navigator
The Navigator allows the user to manoeuvre through the Help
files quickly and easily. By expanding the Navigator, the user
can browse the Help file independently of the Help browse
sequence and jump to any level of help topic.

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The Scheme Manager

2.1 Introducing Schemes


The Scheme manager allows schemes to be organised or read.
A Scheme can consist of an individual entry, such as a Display sequence.
This Scheme may be used if the same Display is to be programmed to a number of different
meters with the same Display sequence. This gives the advantage of changing only one
parameter or any combination of programmable features of a group of meters, all other
parameters remaining unchanged.

2.2 The Scheme Manager Components


The Scheme manager is divided into five components.

Schemes - Used to store and organise Schemes

Readings - Used to store the readings obtained from a meter


after the Data transfer of a Scheme incorporating a Read

The Readings can include all Scheme data, Diagnostic data,


Load profile data and Status reports. Data Stream Mode
allows fast reading of Register Readings, Historical Data and Load Profile Data.

Old Master Unit - Schemes from Elster Metering Systems original PPM Master Unit can be
transferred ready for use in the Power Master Unit

Import - This option allows any valid Power Master Unit file to be imported.
Individual or linked files can be selected. For example, if a Scheme is selected for Import, all
pages will also be imported

Trash Can - All files deleted from the Scheme manager are transferred to the Trash can.
They can be transferred back to the Scheme manager if required.
To empty the Trash can, select the items and press Delete. The entries are removed from the
database

Warning - Once files have been deleted they cannot be recovered.


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2.3 Scheme Manager


Once a component of the Scheme manager has
been selected, a Context Menu with the options
shown opposite becomes available. Options obey
standard Windows conventions and are viewed by
pointing at the right pane of the Scheme manager,
then right clicking the mouse.

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Scheme Editor

3.1 Selecting the Meter Type


Throughout this manual, features relevant to particular
meter version(s) are marked alongside the section
header as shown below.

Instrumentation Profiling (-1)


The model code can be found on the meter nameplate.
The suffix for the version is underlined as in the example
below:
PB******* -1
Before using the Scheme editor, the type of meter to be
programmed must be selected. Select File/New/A1700
Scheme and type in the new Scheme name. Press the
Enter key to open the Scheme editor.
Select Compatibility on the Main Menu Bar.
Select A1700 (Vision) (PB******* -1) only (uncheck all
other meter types). From now on the Power Master Unit
will only display parameters applicable to the selected
model(s) of A1700 Meter. It is strongly recommended that only one meter compatibility is
selected at a time. If more than one meter compatibility has to be selected, read Note 1
below:

Note 1: If more than one type of meter is selected and a Scheme is created, scheme
parameters applicable to the lowest specification of meter only will be available for selection.
Note 2: The multi-utility, transformer loss compensation (TLC) meter (PB******* -U) is a
special meter that allows transformer and power line losses to be provided for. (See the TLC
manual M120 001 9 for programming this meter).

To select meter compatibility - Select Compatibility A1700 and PPM MkII in the Scheme
Editor.
Select Tariff/Register Sources. Note that 8 Rate Registers and 4 MD registers are available.
Select A1700 (PB******* -1) only from Compatibility. Note that 32 Rate Registers and 8 MD
Registers are now available for the A1700 Meter

If 'Save as Default' is checked, the selection will be saved and used as the default when the
Power Master Unit is powered up and new schemes are created.
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Converting components of PPM scheme to an A1700 Scheme


Some components such as Displays and Register category
can be converted from a PPM scheme to an A1700
scheme.

To convert a PPM scheme to an A1700 Scheme - Select the PPM scheme to be


converted from the Scheme manager, then select compatibility and change the compatibility
from PPM to A1700.
Follow the on screen prompts

3.2 Scheme Editor


As an entry is made to a Scheme, the entry in the Summary changes to Bold
(see opposite. This allows quick verification of Scheme entries.
Care should be taken when entering a Scheme to ensure the correct
parameters are selected for generic meter models. If a parameter is not
available for a particular model of meter, the meters will still be programmed,
but no action will take place for the unavailable parameter. For this reason it is
recommended that meter compatibility is selected in isolation.

Toolbar
The Scheme Toolbar is shown opposite. It consists of
the following components:

Restore Scheme - If a scheme has been modified but not saved, restore returns the
scheme to its original settings.

Save Scheme - Saves the current scheme settings.

Quick Send - Allows a scheme to be transferred to the meter without the requirement
of producing a Meter list.

Print - Sets up the parameters for the system printer and allows all pages of the
current scheme to be printed.

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3.3 Starting a New Scheme


To enter a scheme from the Main Window, select File/New/A1700 scheme, or right click the
mouse in the right pane of the Scheme manager and select New/A1700 Scheme.

To enter a scheme - In the Main Window, select the File/New/A1700 Scheme option.
A Scheme called New Scheme is entered in the Scheme manager and is highlighted
Rename the scheme. Press Enter
Select A1700 (PB******* -1) only from Scheme compatibility

3.4 Scheme Editor


The Scheme Editor can be used to program all versions of the A1700 (Vision) meter.
Main screen dumps in this section are generally based on the compatibility for A1700
PB******* -1 meters. Deviations for other generic types of meter are given as secondary
information.

3.4.1 Summary
The Summary gives a quick preview of the schemes entered for each section in the
Scheme editor.

To use the summary page - Select Summary then double click on the selection of Time
and Date. A list appears with all pages associated with Time and Date.
Select Set Time and Date and return to the Time and Date page. The selected page is
displayed.
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3.4.2 Meter Identifiers

This Page allows the Scheme id, Outstation number and Meter serial number to be entered.
The Scheme id is 8 alpha-numeric characters long. An un-programmed meter will have a scheme id of
00000000. A Scheme id must be entered if it is to appear when the meter is read.
The Outstation number is 3 digits long.
The Meter Serial number is completed if the identifier currently programmed into the meter is to be
changed. The identifier consists of up to 16 characters. Only an Administrator can change the Serial
Number.

3.4.3 Passwords

Password Security

Three levels of Password Security protect the A1700 meter. For information on the levels of
security, see the A1700 meter hardware manual (M120 001 3).
Each level of password must be in upper case and consist of eight characters.
The Passwords are right padded with dashes.
This dialog is used to change the meter password. The password to communicate with a meter is
entered in the Meter Information Editor or Quick-send password box.
Note - The integrity of the A1700 meter passwords should always be protected.
This can be best achieved by ensuring the ability to change passwords is controlled and only made
available to Administrative personnel. The level 3 password should be changed at regular intervals.
It may be appropriate for no more than 100 meters to be protected by the same level 3 password.
Calibration values, zeroing of registers etc. are protected by a security link that is removed at
the factory before the meter is sealed.

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3.4.4 Tariff
The Tariff Page is divided into three (four) Tabs, Register sources, Define season, Season
change over dates and Checksum.
Complex tariffs should be entered in a logical manner, by completing each Tab working from left to
right.

Register Sources
A1700 (-A/B/C/E/F/G/H/K/M/N/P/Y/Z) 16 rate Registers, 8 Maximum Demands
A1700 (-I/J/L/Q/R/S/T/U/V/W/X) 32 Rate Registers, 8 Maximum Demands
A1700 (-1/2/3/4/5) 32 Rate Registers, 8 Maximum Demands, 5 Coincident Demands, Sliding
Demand

Source Dropdown List


Note: Power factor is available for Coincident Demands only.
A special channel that uses the Sliding Demand principle can be mapped to any of the maximum
demand registers. The number of sub-intervals available is dependant on the Load Profile integration
period.
A1700 - 1 Meter compatibility must be selected in isolation. There is an option to reset the sliding
demand with the maximum demand.
The following sub-intervals are available for a 30 minute integration period:
1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15
The special Sliding Demand Channel can also be used to drive a maximum demand alarm.
The source of each of the Rate Registers, MD Registers, Coincident Registers and Sliding Demand
must be defined.

To select rate sources - Double click the source for Rate 1 to reveal the dropdown list above then
select the source (Import Wh) from the list. This is entered next to the rate.
Repeat for other Rates, MD 1 and 2 and Coincident Demands (CD) using other selection from the
dropdown list.
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If any maximum demand source is set to sliding demand, select the sliding demand sources
and subintervals.
Select Scheme/Save page as from the main menu and save the scheme.

Define Seasons

12 Seasons
This Tab allows the Seasons to be created. The Seasons are then applied to the Season change
over dates.
Each Season must be given a unique name.
This Tab also allows the Rate Source Clock to be displayed in steps of 5, 10, 15 or 30 minutes.

To define a season - Set Minimum step to 30 minutes, select Season 1 and name the
Season.
Click on New Day, name the Day then press the Add button (See Note 1 below).
Double click on Monday to reveal the dropdown list then select New Day.
Click on the Add Rate button. The Rate
Source clock is displayed.
Place the cursor on the leading edge of the active time (a double arrow will be displayed),
then drag to the start time for Rate 1. Repeat for the lagging edge of Rate 1.
Click on the Add Rate button and repeat for all required Rates and MDs for this Season.
Repeat for all required Days and Seasons.
Select Scheme/Save page as from the main menu and save the page.
Tip: Action 6 above can be achieved by deleting the times to the right of the clock and typing
in the new times e.g. 0600 - 2000.

Double click the Rate Source to view the Rate Source dropdown list.

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Note 1 - Use copy of existing day type allows a similar day type to be created and saved as a new
name.
Check the Use copy of existing day type box
Select the Day type from Existing day types
Type the New day name, then press the Add button

Season Changeover Dates

24 Season Changeover Dates


Season Changeover Dates are the dates on which a new season begins. Changeover Dates are
defined by day, month and season number.

Entering the seasons changeover dates


To enter a fixed date - Select the first season then click on the Season Dates column at the start of
the required Season.
Click and drag to the Season end date
Repeat for all Seasons
Select Scheme/Save page
If a date other than the first day of the month is required for the season start date, click on the day
tab and use the scroll bar to find the start of the season. Click and drag to the Season end date
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To enter a variable date - Check Enable Advanced Season


Editing then select the Season (Season 2).
Scroll the months from April to September.
From the Season Change Editor, select Last Monday in
April.
Selecting Next starts on Last Sunday in September.
Select OK.

Note: February 29 will only be activated on leap years even if selected.


The calendar can be viewed by day or by month by selecting the
appropriate option at the bottom of the calendar.
Select A1700 Billing Reset to perform a billing reset at each change of season.

Exclusion Dates
64 Exclusion Dates
Exclusion Dates are the dates when the normal switching times
for that season are not to be adopted i.e. Public Holidays.
Instead, Switching times with defined actions take over.
A switching time for the 1 Jan is shown opposite. The shaded
box indicates the season or day to switch to i.e. Everyday is the
day type selected to use.

Choosing the Exclusion Date Type


The Exclusion Date can be set to one of the following options:
Set to day type - this sets an Exclusion Date to a particular
day as defined in the Define season day list
Set to specific day same season - this sets the Exclusion
date to a specific day of the Season currently selected
Set to specific season - this sets the Exclusion date to the
day currently selected of a specific Season.

Exclusion date repetition


The A1700 meter Exclusion Date repetition can be
applied in the following ways:
1. Every year
2. Specified year only or repeated every four years
from the specified date
The set to first option allows the Exclusion date to be
applied on a selected day of the week on or after the
specified date.
st th st
e.g. set 1 Monday after April 25 to obtain 1 Monday in May.

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Checksum (-I/J/L/Q/R/S/T/V/W/X/1/2/3/4/5)
This includes a checksum of the complete Tariff Scheme that can be used to verify that the meter is
running the same scheme as in the PMU.

3.4.5 Deferred Tariff


The deferred tariff is a pre-defined tariff that can be switched to on a date specified by the user in
the Deferred Tariff Setup.
The deferred tariff operates exactly the same as Tariff with the exception of the sliding demand
channels. The settings for these channels remain the same as the current tariff.

3.4.6 Deferred Tariff Setup


This Page allows the Deferred Tariff
to be disabled, or enabled on a
specified date.
A Billing Reset on switching to
Deferred Tariff can also be actioned.

3.4.7 Billing Dates


A1700 -13 Billing Dates
A1700 (-I/N/Y/1/2/3/4/5) - 36 Billing Dates

This Page allows the End of billing dates to be set


for all meters. The dates can be set to a date
specified by the user or to the last day of each
month.

Sort Table: Press Sort table to arrange the dates in


sequential order.
End of month: Press End of month to enter the
last day for all months.
Note: Although the 29th Feb is entered, the End
of billing will occur on the 28th for non-leap years.
Perform billing reset during communications
option When selected, this option causes a billing reset to be performed at the end of each
communications session.

3.4.8 Display
Approximately 200 displays can be displayed in the Meter Display List.
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The Display Scheme Page allows the following sections to be programmed: Default, Consumer,
Utility, Messages and Default.

Building the Displays


The techniques used to program the Default, Consumer and Utility display sections are similar.
The available displays can be entered using Drag and Drop or by using the ( Button.

Drag and Drop - Click on the required display from the Available Displays list and hold down the
leftmost mouse button.
Drag the selected display Item from the Available Display list to the Display List.

Using the Button - Select the required display from the Available Display list.
Click the ( button. The display is transferred from the Available Display list to the Display List.

Transferring a Group of Sequential Displays


Click on the first display you want to add from the Available Display list.
(The display is highlighted).
Hold down the shift key and click on the last display required from the list.
(The displays are highlighted as a block).
Use Drag and Drop or the pushbutton to transfer the displays to the Display List.

Transferring a Selection of Displays - Hold down the Ctrl key and click on the required
displays from the Available Display list. (The displays will be highlighted).
Use Drag and Drop or the pushbutton to transfer the displays to the Display List.

Removing Displays - Displays can be removed by selecting the display from the Display
List and pressing the ) button.
Displays can also be removed from the Display List using the Shift Key or Ctrl Key method
described above.

Using the Up/Down Arrows - The Up/Down Arrows can be used to move a display item up
or down in the display order.

Display Selection
For ease of programming the Available Displays have been sectioned into
the groups shown opposite. Click on the group to display the list available.
A full list of available displays is given in Appendix D.

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Default Display

Default Displays are the displays normally available. The Default Display includes the Autocycle
Display. Autocycle Displays are all displays set by the blue slider as show above.

To fill in the display - Select the Default Display then select General from the Display Selection.
Transfer the required displays to the Display List (The position in the Display List will depend on the
position of the cursor).
Select other categories from the Display Selection and transfer required displays.
Click on the blue slider and drag it to the last entry required for the Autocycle Display.

Consumer & Utility Display


The Consumer Displays are the displays readily available for use by the Consumer. Consumer mode
is entered by a long press of the display pushbutton.
The Utility Displays are the displays available to the Utility only. These include the Consumer
displays. The Utility Mode is entered by short pressing the Reset button.
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Filling in and Defining Consumer & Utility Displays

The Consumer and Utility displays can be divided into submenus that are controlled by long and
short presses of the display pushbutton. Both displays are similar in construction, the Display List
being constructed in exactly the same way.

Certain displays allow text messages to be entered on the Top Line


and Bottom Line of the display.

To fill in and define the displays - Select Consumer Display then select Max Demands from the
Display Selection.
Transfer Submenu to the Display List (This is used for the page header).

Click in Top Line and type Max Demands, press TAB and type Demand 1 to 4.
(Max Demands will be displayed on the top line of the display and Demand 1 to 4 on the bottom line).
Select Max Demands 1-4 from the Display Selection and enter Max Demand 1 to 4 in the Display List
Transfer Submenu to the Display List, click in Top Line and type Security.
Press TAB and type Phone 123456. Security will be displayed on the top line of the display and
Phone 123456 on the bottom line
Select Security from the Display Selection and enter Meter Identifier, Serial Number and Last Phase
Failure in the display list.

This completes two pages called for Max Demands and Security. Further pages can be entered
using the same format.

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Messages

This feature allows the default messages shown in the left column to be customised. Up to 16
characters can be used. An example of a customised display may be to display V whenever Volts
are to be displayed and the word Mins to be displayed after demand period.

Error Reporting
In the event of an error the following options are
available:
Display a customised error message. Show the error
code.

Defaults

Defaults allow the meter display top line headings to be customised. This allows the display
messages shown in the left column to be changed to the messages set in the right column.

Deferred Display
The Deferred Display is a predefined display that operates in exactly the same way as the
Display. The time and date the deferred display becomes active is determined by the deferred
setup.
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3.4.9 Meter Constants


Transformer Ratios

The A1700 Meter can be supplied for the following types of connection:
Direct Current, CT or CT/VT operated.
The screen above shows connection for a CT/VT operated meter.

CT/VT Error
The CT and VT errors can be compensated for.
To compensate for a VT or CT error of +0.4%, enter a value of +0.4%.

3.4.10 Relay Setup


The A1700 Meter has the option of 4 internal
relays and a module with an additional 1 or 4
relays that connects to the Input/output module
slot.
Each relay can be programmed to retransmit
pulses from the function source shown in the
dropdown list, or to provide information about
other events within the meter.

To program a retransmit relay - Select the


relay to be programmed (A Module).
Select the relay function (Retransmit) then select the
function source (Import Wh).
Type the pulse value (1k) i.e. 1kWh/pulse and the pulse
width (80 ms).

A1700 -1
The relay module is not supported

WARNING: To ensure correct operation, the relay retransmit threshold must be no less than 2.5
times the (meter pulse value x CT Ratio x VT ratio). This will ensure that the maximum relay output
pulse rate (4Hz) is not exceeded.

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To select the relay to close on Rate 1 Register


Select the relay to be programmed (1 on-board).
Select the relay function (Rate Register) and the
rate register (Rate 1).
Press the < button, Rate 1 is transferred to the
left list.
Save the scheme

Notes: To remove a rate register, use the > button. To select all rate registers use the << button.
To remove all rate registers use the >> button.

To select a relay to operate on an alarm event - Select the required relay


(1 on-board).
Select the alarms (a- option board error and d- meter fault). Use the button
to move them to the Close On These box. Note the alarms appear in the relay
setup box
Repeat for all required relays and alarms.
Set the required relay mode. This can be Pulsed, While Alarm Active or
Latched. The relay can be closed or open on an alarm event.

LED Tracking (A1700 - 4) - Select LED Tracking from Relay Function. Select the relay required to
track the LED, the trigger (Import Wh, Export Wh Import varh or Export varh) and the pulse width.
Check the Reset latched relays box to reset all latched relays.

3.4.11 Load Profiling


The Load Profiling Page is divided into three
check panels for Load Profile definition,
Integration Period and Load Profile Event
Configuration.
The Integration period may be set to 1, 2, 3,
4, 5, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30 or 60 minutes.
Sub intervals and channels will depend on the
meter type.
A1700 (-A/B/C/E/K/N/Y) - 3 sub intervals
A1700 (all multi utility) - Block demand

A 30 minute Integration Period with 1 Sub


Interval has been selected.
Note: Clear load profile is available for administrators only.

Load Profile Block Demand


A1700 - (All Multi-utility meters)
These meters record Block
Demand only.
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Load Profile Event Configuration


A1700 (-1/2/3/4/5)
The phase failure flag in load profiling can
be configured to be driven by any of the
following:
Phase Fail events
Voltage Imbalance events
Phase Fail and Voltage Imbalance events

3.4.12 Instrumentation Profiling (-1/2/3/4/5)


Channel Definition
The A1700 can be programmed to record up
to eight channels of instrumentation values.
Instrumentation values can be set as
maximum, minimum, average or last values.

To configure a channel - Select the


Channel (Channel 1).
Select the Quantity (Volts), Phase (Phase A)
and Storage (Average).

Mode Definition
There are three modes of operation for storing the values.
Mode 1 - Instrumentation profiling
All configured channels are stored at the end of the period.
The following instrumentation markers are stored:
New Day, Power Up/Down, Daylight Savings, Change Time and Date, Configuration.

Mode 2 - Snapshot instrumentation event profiling


All configured channels are stored when any qualifying event(s) occurs. This is a snapshot of all
instrumentation profile channels. Instrumentation markers are as Mode 1.

Mode 3 - Instrumentation profiling during an instrumentation event


All Configured channels are stored for the duration of any qualifying event.

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The modes can operate in the following ways


Mode 1 and Mode 2 can be used independently
Mode 1 and Mode 2 can be utilised together
Mode 2 and Mode 3 must be utilised together

The following periods can be set:


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, 60
These are independent of the main Load profile integration period.
The shorter the period the fewer days data can be stored.
When storage is full, new data overwrites the old data.
The Instrumentation Profiling can be transferred to the Power Master Unit and viewed in Readings.
Note: Clear Instrumentation Profile Data is available for administrators only.

To set the period definition - Select the Period (30 minutes), Mode(s) of operation (store profile
when event occurs) and qualifying event(s) (EVT 1 PH A/SYSU).

3.4.13 Instrumentation Event Monitoring (-1/2/3/4/5)


Instrumentation Event Monitoring monitors up
to five configurable events selectable from the
instrumentation values. Each selectable value
can be monitored with:
- An upper and lower limit value. These can be
disabled if required.
- A time period exceeding or falling below
threshold before setting the event (set time)
- A time period of being back within limits
before resetting the events (reset time).

To set the event definition - Select the event (1)


Select Volts (upper limit 276V, lower limit 207V, set time 16 seconds reset time 32 seconds.
An upper limit event will be set if the voltage is higher than 276V for more than 16 seconds.
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3.4.14 A1700 Meter Options

Clock

Clock source
The time keeping of the meter can be derived from the a.c. supply or from the internal crystal
oscillator.
If AC supply is selected, the crystal will take over in the event of a supply failure.

Load Profile Clock


The option to observe Load Profile Daylight Savings can be selected. To use this option, Daylight
Savings must be selected in Time and Date.
If the option No daylight savings is selected, the A1700 Meter will be running daylight savings,
affecting Displays, TOU etc, but the load profile data will not be affected.

Register Formats

The Register Category determines the units of energy shown on the A1700 Display.
The category can be selected from the dropdown list.

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To customise the register - Select the custom option, the required group and point style.
Select the required number of digits (Cumulative) and the number of decimal places (Cumulative).
Select the display scale (Cumulative).
Repeat steps 3 to 5 for the Demand Registers.

Note: The displayed example highlights the selected format.


Note: Register formats are programmed separately to the display menu. This allows the same
Display Menu to be used with different formats without the requirement to reprogram the display.

Date Formats
This defines the way the Time and Date is displayed on the
LCD. The selection is made from the dropdown lists.
Note: Time and date formats are programmed separately to the
display menu. This allows the same Display Menu to be used
with different formats without the requirement to reprogram the
display.

Communications

The communications TAB gives the option of enabling or disabling the RS232 port and Optical Port.
The Baud rate for the RS232 can also be selected from the following parameters: 300, 600, 1200,
2400, 4800, 9600.

RS232 Port Configuration (-J/L/Q/S/T/V/W/X/1/2/3/4/5)

Allows the port data bit configuration to be set to an option from the dropdown list shown above.
Data Stream Mode meters should be set to 8, None, 1.
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Error Handling
Error handling facilities will depend on the meter compatibility. The screen below shows
A1700 PB******* -2 with Administration rights selected

Battery Fail Action - If the battery in the meter has failed and a supply failure also occurs, when
power is restored the time and date of the battery failure will be logged.
In this event the meter can do one of three things:
Continue on the tariff scheme, with a consequent time error equal to the duration of the supply
failure (Check Continue as normal).
Action End of Billing Reset, then continue as normal (Check Do billing reset then continue).
Action End of Billing Reset and freeze the tariff (Check Do billing reset then freeze tariff).
Reverse Run Configuration - This allows the meter to be configured to ignore reverse run events
for export meters.

Active Phases for Phase Failure Monitoring - For normal operating conditions,
all three phases are enabled. For certain configurations (e.g. 2 phases of a 3 phase 4 wire) only the
red and blue phases are activated. Leaving the yellow phase unchecked allows display messages
and load profile flags to be inhibited for the yellow phase.

Phase Fail - Phase fail threshold sets a phase failure threshold on A, B or C phase of the
meter as set in Active Phases above. The threshold is entered as a percentage of the
nominal phase voltage.

Example: If the phase supply voltage is 220V and the Voltage Fail Threshold is set at 90%, any
phase falling below 198V will register a phase failure.
Over Current - A relay can be activated to raise an alarm if the over current reaches a
programmable threshold (see Relay Setup). The threshold default value is 100%.
The A1700 records the time and date of the last three Over Current events.

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Incorrect Password Attempts Lockout - If a set number of incorrect passwords are entered (two to
seven) the user will be locked out until either the end of the current hour or until the next midnight
boundary.

Voltage Imbalance (-1/2/3/4/5)


The meter measures and records the magnitude of the voltages
on all phases.
If the difference between the highest and lowest values measured
exceeds a programmed threshold a timer is initiated.
If the imbalance remains present for a programmed time a flag is
set. When the power is restored to within the set limits, the flag is
reset after a programmable release time.
Voltage imbalance detection time - Default 60 seconds, minimum
detect time 30 seconds.
Voltage imbalance reset time - Default 60 seconds, minimum release time 0 seconds.
The meter records the time and date of the last three events (five events -1/2/3/4/5).
A programmable option is provided to record the event in load profile memory
(See Load Profile)
A Relay can be activated to raise an alarm (see Relay Setup).

To program Voltage Imbalance - Check the voltage imbalance checkbox and enter the
imbalance threshold
Check the imbalance timeout checkbox and enter the detect time and release time
Go to Relay Setup, choose a relay and enter voltage imbalance from Relay Function/Meter
alarm
If the event is to be recorded in Load Profiling, choose the required option from Load
Profiling, Event Configuration.

Per phase Reverse Run Configuration (-1/2/3/4/5)


The meter can be configured to detect reverse energy flow. Two phase reverse energy
sources are selectable from Q2 or Q3 or no source. The configured reverse energy sources
apply to all phases.
For 3 phase 4 wire variants, phases A, B and C are
monitored.
For 3 phase 3 wire systems, phases A and C are monitored.
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The following events are recorded:


1. An event flag is set in the status indicators for each phase detecting a reverse run event
2. The time and date of the five most recent reverse run events (all phases) are stored
3. The total number of reversals (all phases) is stored
4. 'Reverse Running (top line) Phase x (bottom line)' can be displayed while the meter is recording
the phase reverse energy event (in autocycle display mode only)

Other
VAh Calculation

The VAh calculation has 2 modes of operation


All Wh and varh pulses - records all quadrants, Import/Export, Capacitive/Inductive
User Selectable - allows the user to specify which quadrants are used in the VA calculation.
Import pulses (Wh) only - can be selected by using the pushbutton.
The representation shows all quadrants selected. For other configuration, check the
appropriate boxes for the required quadrants.

VAh (2) Calculation (-1/2/3/4/5)


Customer Defined Register 3 can be defined as a second VAh register, allowing import and
export kVAh to be recorded separately. The VAh 2 calculation works exactly the same as the
VAh calculation.

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3.4.15 A1700 Meter User Interface Options

The User Interface allows the following parameters to be set:


Communications/Error Icon - This option allows the Communications and Error Icons to be
omitted from the display.

Dial Test Mode - The Power Down Count determines the number of times the meter can be
powered down and remain in Dial Test Mode. When a count of zero is reached the meter
automatically switches out of Dial Test Mode.

Voltage Phase Status - Allows the voltage phase indicators to display phase fail or phase present.
The indicators can be enabled or disabled from the display.

LED Modulation - 40ms bursts of 8kHz modulation is normally applied to the Wh and varh LEDs.
This option allows the modulation to be turned off.

End of Billing button - This option allows the End of Billing Reset generated by a long press of the
reset button to be disabled.

Display Timing
Long button press duration - is the time the display pushbutton has been pressed and held.
The time can be set in 1-second steps from 1 to 5 seconds.
NB - Any time less than the minimum long press duration is a short press.

No button press timeout - is the time period between the last press of any pushbutton and the
display returning to autocycle mode. The default is 30 seconds.

Autocycle page step duration - defines the time each page is displayed in auto-sequence mode.
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Error display swap time - If an error/warning is active while the display is in


auto-sequence mode, the display will swap between a standard display and the
error page.

Display Override Conditions


Display override allows the following messages to be displayed when the condition is checked:
Meter error, Battery elapsed, Reverse run warning, Phase failure warning,
Over-current warning, Voltage imbalance and Instrumentation Channels 1- 5

Billing Reset Lockout


Billing period Lockout has two options:
Lockout until midnight - If a Billing period reset has been initiated, further resets are locked out
until after a midnight boundary.

Lockout duration - This allows an End of Billing Reset to be locked out for a time specified by the
user. The maximum lockout is 254 minutes.

Quadrant Icon (-1/2/3/4/5)


The quadrant icon can be set to display the quadrant in one of the formats shown
opposite or the quadrant icon can be disabled.

3.4.16 Time & Date


Meter Time Adjustment

This allows the meter time to be adjusted in the following ways.


1. Set the Meter time to the PC (or HHU) clock time
Password level 2 allows Time Adjust
Password level 2 allows Time Set
Note that for A1700 -1 meters, Time adjust is Password Level 1, Time set is Password Level 3.
2. Gradually adjust the Meter time (by 5 seconds every integration period), until the Meter time matches
the PC Clock time. The maximum time a meter can be adjusted is 7.5 minutes.

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Power Master Unit 35
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Daylight Savings
Daylight Savings can be advanced or retarded by 1 or 2 hours or can be disabled.

Enter the Week (1 to 4, Last),


Weekday, Month and Hour for
Advance and Retard for Daylight
Savings. Week/Last will action
Daylight Savings on the last
Weekday of the month.

Note. Daylight Saving cannot be set to Advance or Retard across a midnight boundary.
Example: Set Advance on Week (Last), Weekday (Sunday), Month (March) at Hour (1). Adjust
by Hour (1). The hour time advances to 2.
To adjust the advance/retard by hour to 2 hours, set adjust by to 2.

3.4.17 Customer Defined Registers


3 Customer Defined Registers, 2 Sources
3 Customer Defined Registers, 5 Sources
(-1/2/3/4/5)

Three customer defined registers are programmable


to summate pulses from the following sources:
Import Wh
Export Wh
4 Quadrants of varh
4 Input registers (multi-utility A1700)
Up to 2 (5) sources can be summated
Examples of summations are:
Import Wh + Export Wh = Total Wh
Q1 varh + Q2 varh + Q3 varh + Q4 varh = Total varh
Import (Wh) + Input 1 (Wh) + Input 2 (Wh) + Input 3
(Wh)+ Input 4 (Wh) = Wh

Note: The right register selection will reflect combinations allowed with the left register selection.
Note: Units shown on the display will reflect the first item selected.

Total VAh Register 2 (-1/2/3/4/5)


As an alternative to summating register sources, Customer Defined Register 3 can be
defined as a second VAh register. The use of a second VAh register will allow total
import VAh (VAh Register) and total export VAh (VAh Register 2) to be recorded
separately.
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3.4.18 Transformer Loss Compensation (-U)


See Transformer Loss Compensation Meter Manual (M120 001 9) for programming this meter.

3.4.19 Input Module


A1700 Multi Utility Compatible Meters only

The Input Module has four opto-isolated inputs for collecting pulses from external equipment. In
normal operation these pulses are collected and stored by the host meter.
Inputs can be accepted from any pulsing meter including electricity, gas or water.
Each input can be independently programmed to be active or not used.
An input can also be used to create an external End of Billing or End of Demand Period reset.

Input Module Configuration


This checkbox can be used to set the pulse
inputs to the functions shown opposite.
Not Used - The pulse input is not configured.
Pulse - This allows the four inputs to be
configured to match the pulse parameters from
an external source.

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To configure an input - Select Input 1 from the dropdown box then Pulse from the Functions
dropdown list.
Enter the Units (Wh)
Select the debounce time. This can be set in 8ms steps from 16ms to 136ms.
Set the transmission mode. (-ve = pulse lagging edge +ve = pulse leading edge).
Set the scaling factor. (This can be set between 0.001[min] and 99999.999 [max]) Note - for a pulse
count set the scaling factor to 1.
Check Set Initial Offset and type the offset in the window provided. This can be set between 0 and
9999999999999.999. Check Leave Alone to leave the value as initially set.

End of demand period


An external End of Demand period can be
initiated via any selected input.
Note: To enable this feature, see Integration
Period Reset Configuration.

End of billing period - This is used in


exactly the same way as End of Demand
period.
Leave as programmed - This will leave the
input as originally configured.

Install and Configure Module


This allows the following actions:
1. Install and configure module checked, Input module
configuration unchecked. This action allows a module to be
installed and configured with a scheme previously programmed
to the meter. The module must be in place for this action to take
effect.

2. Install and configure module checked, Input module configuration checked. This action
allows a module to be installed and configured with a scheme defined by Input module
configuration.
The module must be in place for this action to take effect.

3. Install and configure module unchecked, Input module configuration checked. This action
allows a scheme defined by Input module configuration to be programmed to the meter ready for
downloading to an input module.

The module can then be installed and configured using action 1 above or by using the meter
pushbuttons (see manual M120 001 5).
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Integration Period Reset Configuration


Note: For a full description of initial window mode and normal window mode,
see Input/Output Module Manual (M120 001 5).
This allows the following actions:
Integration Period Reset Synchronisation and Enable
Detection unchecked
This action has no effect on the meter
Integration Period Reset Synchronisation Checked,
Enable Detection unchecked
This action will disable initial window mode or normal window mode if previously enabled.
Integration Period Reset Synchronisation Checked, Enable Detection checked
This action will enable the initial window mode or normal window mode.

Register Formats
This Tab allows the register format for the input
module to be set up when the module has been
configured to accept input pulses. The format can
be set for the Cumulative registers and the
Demand registers.

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Power Master Unit 39
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3.5 PPM Scheme Editor

3.5.1 Summary
The PPM Summary is exactly the same as the A1700 meter (See Section 3.4.1, Summary).

3.5.2 Meter Identifiers


The PPM meter identifiers are exactly the same as the A1700 meter
(See Section 3.4.2, Meter Identifiers)

3.5.3 Passwords

Password Security
CoP5 Iss2 PPM and Mk II PPM
Password security is exactly the same as the A1700 meter
(See Section 3.4.3 Password Security)

Utility Code
PPM Pre CoP5 and PPM CoP5 Issue 1

This password is set to prevent unauthorised access to Pre CoP5 Issue 2 PPM's.
Files contained in Hand Held Units have matching Utility Security Codes within a defined range.
The Utility Security Code is 4 digits long.

Opus Password

PPM Pre COP5 and PPM COP5 Issue 1


The Opus Password is 8 characters long and allows Data Collection software to communicate with
a PPM via the RS232 port.
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3.5.4 Tariff
The PPM tariff is generally entered in the same way as the A1700 meter
(See Section 3.4.4, Tariff).
The following tariff definitions apply.

Register Sources PPM Register Sources Dropdown List


8 Rate Registers, 4 Maximum Demands

Define Season
7 Seasons
Season Changeover dates
12 Changeover Dates
Exclusion Dates
24 Exclusion Dates

Exclusion date repetition


The PPM Exclusion Dates can be applied at one of the following time
intervals:
1. Every year
2. Every four years from a selected date

3.5.5 Deferred Tariff


PPM Mk11
Deferred Tariff is basically the same as the A1700 (See Section 3.4.5, Tariff).
The following exception apply
1. Register Sources cannot be defined
2. Rate only on Define Season
3. No Exclusion Dates

3.5.6 Deferred Tariff Setup


PPM Mk11
The Deferred Tariff Setup is exactly the same as the A1700 (See Section 3.4.6, Deferred Tariff
Setup).

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Power Master Unit 41
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3.5.7 Billing Dates


Billing Dates are exactly the same as the A1700 (See Section 3.4.7, Billing Dates).

3.5.8 PPM Mk1 Display

Pre COP5, COP5 Issue 1, COP5 Issue 2


The above versions of the PPM can display up to 28 different Registers in any chosen Display
sequence.
Each position in the Display sequence has a Number.
Any given Register, which is displayed on the PPM Liquid Crystal Display,
together with its units and explanatory symbols, is also known as a Display mask.
Time and Date are often the first two masks to be displayed.
Use the Green (Auto cycle display), Blue (Step display mask) and Red (Utility display mask) scroll
bars to highlight the three parts of the Display Sequence.

Using the dropdown list and arrows - Double click on a register to reveal the dropdown list.
The arrows allow a register to be moved up or down in the register sequence.
Once your entries are complete, select register 5 (Total VAh) and press the up arrow twice.
Note the register moves upwards two places. Now press the down arrow twice.
The register moves back to its original position. This feature allows easy editing of Display
Sequences.

Auto cycle display


Auto cycle display masks are the displays that a meter will normally cycle through continuously.
Use the Green Control Bar to scroll to the last autocycle display number.
(Display three on the screen dump).
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Step display masks


Step display masks are the masks the PPM will display when the top button on the PPM front
cover is pressed. They also include the Auto cycle display masks.
Use the Blue Control Bar to scroll to the last step display number.
(Display twelve on the screen dump).

Utility display masks


Utility Display Masks are those that the PPM will step through when the bottom one of the two
buttons on the PPM front cover is pressed.
The Utility display will include all Auto cycle and Step display masks.
Use the Red Control Bar to scroll to the last autocycle display number. (Display nineteen on the
screen dump).

3.5.9 PPM MkII Display

The PPM Mk II has a two line fifteen character dot matrix display that is fully programmable within the
parameters shown in the Display Table Configuration dropdown lists.
Parameters can be entered in any order with a maximum of 28 entries allowable in the Consumer
and 28 entries allowable in the Utility Display Sequence.

To fill in the consumer display table - Check the display table panel then click on the Consumer
Tab.
Double click on the display 1 Source box to reveal a dropdown list.
Select Test pattern display. Note that the register box remains blank.
Double click on display 2 Source box and select Import Wh. Note that current is displayed in the
register box. The register can also be set to display one of 12 Historical Registers. Double click on
the Register Box to display a further dropdown list. Select the historical register required.
The blue consumer display slider is used to select the last register in the display sequence, in the
example, register 4.
The Text Box allows a 15 character message relating to the source register to be entered on the top
line of the PPM display.

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Defaults
Display messages can be customised using the Defaults Tab.

To Alter a Display - Click on the default string, alter the text for the required display then press
Close.
Whenever this display is reselected, the modified text is displayed in the right hand box.

To fill in the utility display table - Click on the Utility Tab to display the dialog below.
Double click on the display 1 source box to reveal a dropdown list. Select import kWh.
Note that current is displayed in the register box next to register 1

The register can also be set to display one of 12 Historical Registers.


The red utility display slider is used to select the last register in the utility sequence.
Defaults text messages are used in the same way as the Consumer defaults.
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Messages

Short Messages
This feature allows the customised messages shown opposite to be displayed.
Up to 8 characters can be used. An example of a customised display may be to display V AC
whenever the AC voltage is displayed on the PPM and the word Mins to be displayed after Demand
period.

Now, whenever the voltage is displayed, such as in RMS Voltage Phase A,


the message V AC Voltage is displayed after the voltage. The word Mins will be displayed for
Demand period.

Long Messages
15 character messages are entered in the same way as the 8 character messages.

3.5.10 Meter Constants


Transformer Ratios

Transformer ratios are exactly the same as the A1700 meter (See Section 3.4.9).

CT/VT Error
CT Error only - PPM Pre COP5, COP5 Issue I and COP5 Issue II
CT/VT Error PPM Mk II
CT and VT Errors can be compensated for in accordance with the list above.
Note - To compensate for a VT or CT error of +0.4%, enter a value of +0.4%.

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Register Category
PPM all versions
The Register Category determines the units of energy shown on the display. Categories available are
shown in the dropdown list.

The choice of Register Category automatically relates to the ranges of the Relay Pulse Value and
the Demand Alarm Threshold range.
To enter register category - Check the Register Category box and select the category from the
dropdown list
Check Auto Select Register Category. Select Imax/Ib (see note below)

Note - Imax/Ib is used to auto select the register category depending on the Imax rating.
e.g. Imax/Ib = 6/5A for 1.2 Imax/Ib = 10/5A for 2

3.5.11 Relay Setup


PPM 4 Relays
The Relay setup is the same as the A1700 Meter (See Section 3.4.10).

3.5.12 Load Profiling


PPM Pre CoP5 & CoP5 Issue 1
Load Profiling works basically the same as the A1700 meter (See section 3.4.11).
The following exception applies:
Number of sub intervals 6 Number of channels 5

Load Profile Block Demand


PPM Mk11 and CoP5 Issue 2
The Block Demand is the same as the A1700 meter (See Section 3.4.11, Block Demand).
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3.5.13 PPM Meter Options


PPM All Versions

This Page is divided into four Tabs, Hardware and clock, User interface, Error handling and
Other.

Hardware and Clock


The options available are given below.
Clock source - The time keeping of the PPM can be derived from the AC supply or from the internal
crystal oscillator.
If AC supply is selected, the crystal will take over in the event of a supply failure.
Notes- to ensure correct operation of the PPM, if Input 2 is selected, the clock source option will
default to Crystal and cannot be left blank.
If the Clock Source is set to AC Supply, the Integration Period Reset is set disabled.
End of Billing Reset (Pre COP5) - This allows Input 1 to be used to create a Billing Period Reset.

Integration period Reset (Pre COP5) - This allows Input 2 to be used to create an Integration
Period Reset.

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User Interface

Dial Test Mode - COP5 Issue 1, COP5 Issue 2 and MkII - Dial Test Mode moves the display two
decimal places to the left.

Display Start of Week - Pre COP5 - The day number (1-7) is shown on the display.
Monday is normally day 1, but any other day may be selected instead.
Pushbutton Config - This allows the pushbutton Billing Reset to be enabled or disabled.

PPM MkII Pushbutton Mode - Pushbutton Mode sets the MkII PPM to mode A or mode B (See
M101 001 3 for details of pushbutton operation).

Error Handling
Battery Fail Action - If the battery in the PPM has failed and a supply failure also occurs, when
power is restored the time and date of the battery failure is logged.
In this event the PPM can be programmed to do one of two things:
Tariff as normal - continues the tariff scheme, with a consequent time error equal to the duration of
the supply failure.
Freeze the rate registers so that only the cumulative registers are incremented.

Phase Fail (PPM MkII) - This sets a threshold on phases A, B and C of the PPM.
The threshold is entered as a percentage of the nominal phase voltage.

Example: If the phase voltage is 220V and the Voltage Fail threshold is set to 90%, any phase
falling below 198V will register a phase failure.
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Other

Meter AC Supply Frequency (Pre COP5 only)


AC supply gives the option of 50Hz or 60Hz operation.

3.5.14 Time & Date


Time and Date are basically the same as the A1700
(See Section 3.4.16, Time & Date)
The following exception applies:
The PC clock can be adjusted by a maximum of 10.5 minutes.

Daylight Savings
Enter the Day and Month for Advance and
Retard in the boxes provided.
The Week and Weekday will confirm the
setting when the scheme is read back.
The clock advances at 0100 hours and
retards at 0300 hours.

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Power Master Unit 49
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Reading & Examining Meter Data

4.1 Open Data to Read Editor

This Editor allows the Register Values, Load Profile Data, Scheme Page Information and Other
information to be read back from a meter.

Note: If 1 Day's Load Profile Data or Instrumentation Profile Data is selected, the data read
back is the current days data from midnight to the end of the last demand period.
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4.1.1 Data Stream Mode (-J/L/Q/R/S/T/U/V/W/X/1/2/3/4/5)


Data Stream Mode allows data to be read back from the meter via the serial port and optical
communications port much faster than the normal Data to Read mode.
Data Stream Mode is available for the following data sets only:
Register values
Historical values
Profile data
To use the Data Stream option via the serial port, the RS232 configuration in the A1700
options/communications page must be set to 8 (eight bits), none (no parity),
1 (one stop bit)

4.2 Readings Viewer


The Readings Viewer
allows data read back from a
meter to be examined.

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Viewing Load (Instrumentation) Profile Data


Load (Instrumentation) profile data read back from a meter can be viewed using the readings Viewer.
Click on Load Profile Data from the readings to view the screen below.

Graph
Load Profile and Instrumentation Profile readings can be displayed as a graph.
The actual value of data can be viewed by placing the cursor on the plotted readings.
Data shown in red shows data with a 'Flag' set.

To determine the type of flag set - Lay the cursor over the red area of data.
View the type of Flag in the Readings and Flags box in the bottom right hand corner of the screen.

Report
A Report of the number of days Load Profile
or Instrumentation Profile data for a given
channel can be displayed and printed from a
given date.
The Hardware configuration of the meter can
also be displayed and printed.
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Functions
This dialogue allows a CSV (Comma, separated variable) or an
MV90 file to be exported ready for viewing in a spreadsheet
such as Excel.

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Power Master Unit 53
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Meter Manager

5.1 Meter Manager Introduction

The Meter manager is used to organise the systems meter's. It is used to invoke the Meter
Information editor.
The Meter manager consists of three components.

Meters - This is a list of meters available on the system. It allows Meter Connection information,
Identifiers and Security information to be configured.

To Enter a New Meter - Right click in the right hand pane of the Meter manager.
Select New Meter and rename the meter.

Import - Schemes/meter that have been set up in other Master Units can be imported and placed in
the Schemes/meter Import folder.

Trash Can - All files deleted from the Meter manager are transferred to the Trash Can. They can be
transferred back to the Meter manager if required. Once deleted from the Trash Can the files are no
longer available to the system.

Meter Manager Context Menu

Most of the features of the Context Menu are the same as the Scheme manager.
The menu is made available by right clicking the mouse in the right pane of the Meter manager.
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Meter Information Editor


This Editor is used to reference data related to a specific meter and its location, the type of
communications and security information. To open the Information Editor, double click on a meter.

The dialog is divided into three Tabs, Communications, Hardware and Identifiers

Hardware
Information on the Meter type, Connection type, number of elements, Number of internal relays and
Plug in modules can be entered (see above).

Communications
This page allows the Communications parameters to be entered.

To Enter Communications Parameters - Enter the connection method and any outstation number,
telephone number, baud rate as required.
Enter the current passwords (levels 1-3) or Opus password and utility code.
Select meter details and save.

Note - If a suitable Connection method already exists, it can be selected from the Connection List.
For new connections refer to Section 8.1
Note 2 - The PCs baud rate should be set as follows - For RS232 connection the PC baud rate must
match the A1700 baud rate - For Modem connection the baud rate should be set to the specification
of modem connected to the A1700 meter.

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Power Master Unit 55
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Identifiers
Identifiers allow the Meter Serial Number, the Site
id and a description of the meter to be entered.

Live Link
Live Link allows meter instantaneous values including time and date to be viewed.
The link allows the user to test communications with a meter from a meter set up in the Meter
Information Editor.
See Appendix A1 (Instrumentation) for details on using this option.

A1700 (Vision) Link Virtual meter


The A1700 Virtual meter link allows the display sequence of any A1700 to be viewed from a remote
location by any selected communications method. The link allows both customer and utility displays
to be stepped by mimicking the actions of the display pushbuttons.
See Appendix A2 (Virtual Meter) for details on using this option.
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Power Master Unit 57
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Meter List

6.1 The Meter List Components


The Meter list consists of a list of meters with their associated Schemes.
brings together meters configured in the Meter manager, and Schemes
created in the Scheme manager, to create a list of meters and their
associated schemes.
This is achieved by copying a Meter and a Scheme into the Meter list.
Note 1: If a Scheme is incompatible with a meter, warning triangles
appear as shown opposite. Right click on the meter or scheme and select
Show Conflicts to establish the reason.
Note 2: Multiple schemes can be sent to a meter as a single
communications session by attaching the schemes to the meter using drag
and drop. It should be noted that if the same scheme page (e.g. display page) is contained in more
than one of the schemes, only the page from the last scheme attached is programmed to the meter.

Meter List Context Menu


The options available from the dropdown list are shown opposite.
The Context Menu list is made available by right clicking the
mouse in the right pane of the Meter list.

New Meter List


The New option clears the Meter list ready for a new Meter list to be created.
Open Meter
This allows information on the meter or meter scheme to be viewed or edited using Save. A new
Meter List can also be created by editing the Meter List and Using the Save As facility.
The Scheme is displayed which can now be edited

Remove Meter - Removes the selected Meter from the Meter List

Show Conflicts - Shows any discrepancies between the scheme and the meter

New Meter List - Allows a new Meter list to be created

Open Meter List - Allows a selected Meter list to be opened


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Save Meter List - Allows the current Meter list to be Saved

Save Meter List As - Allows the selected Meter list to be saved as a new name

Execute Meter List - Execute Meter List is used for communicating with a meter.
It is used with the Meter Communications Server to Program or Read.

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System Administration

7.1 System
The System menu allows Users to change their password
and create new users. It also allows other parameters shown
opposite to be entered.

Changing Passwords
This allows the password for a User to be
changed.
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Defining a New User


To protect the Schemes and Data, Users
can define `lower levels' of Users who do
not require full access to the system
resources. Click on System then select
User administration. This opens the
Security Dialog.
Note: Properties can be moved from one
window to another using drag and drop.

To Create a New User - Select User Administration, User, Create New User.
Type the new user name.
Go to User Change Password, enter the new password and press OK.
Click on a permission and drag it to the required window (Read Only or No Access).
Select other required permissions and repeat.
Select User, Save.
Don't forget your Password

Note: Users can grant access to new users they create only if they have access to the
permissions themselves.
If a number of permissions require dragging to another window
1. Hold down the shift key
2. Drag the cursor over the required permissions to select a block of permissions
3. Click on the highlighted permissions and drag them to the required window

Permissions - Permissions are used to transfer topics from one window to another in the same
way as drag and drop.
1. Select a topic in No Access
2. Select Permissions/Move to Edit. The topic moves to the Edit panel.

Use the Restore option from the Users dropdown list to return to the original Administrator
selection.
Use the Delete option from the Users menu list to delete the selected User.

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File Locations
File location points the Master Unit to
the location of externally produced
files that may require importing into
the Master Unit. File types are shown
in the left column and the setting
(location) in the right column.

To Modify a File Location - Click on


Modify and select the directory where
the files of the selected type are
located
Press OK

Meter Connection Setup


This dialog is used in exactly the same way as the Connections Setup in the Meter information
editor.

Communications Server Setup


The Communications Server Setup is used to assign the type of communication to be used on
each port and organise the Server File paths.

To enter the server setup, Select System/Communications Server Setup from the Scheme
manager Main menu.
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To set the Comms port - Select the comms port (1-16).


Double click on the Type and select the type of
communications from the dropdown list.

Auto Detect - This automatically detects the hardware


available on a selected port and assigns it to the port.

Modem Init - If a modem is selected on a port, Modem


Initialisation allows the initialisation string to be set.
The modem type (tone or pulsed dialling) must first be
selected.

To set the string - Select Modem. The dialog opposite is


displayed.
Select the type of dialling then type the string in the box provided.
Press Save.

File Location - To modify a file path, press Modify and edit the file path accordingly.
Use number of retries to set the number of times the computer tries to connect.

Result (.RES) File Management - This option allows the user to Append new data to a .RES
file or Always overwrite the .RES file with new data.
If Append new data is selected, any new data is added to the .RES file. This option is used if
the .RES files are to be used outside the Power Master Unit.
Note - If this option is used, old readings are stored in the database and new readings are
appended.
Always overwrite with new data is the option normally used. This overwrites any old data with
the new data.

Communications Server Log


The communications server log keeps a record of all communications sessions with meters.
The log records the following parameters:-
Time and Date, Meter Serial Number, Scheme Identifier, Transmit/Receive data, Status.

Back-up Database
Back-up database allows all files in the
database to be backed up. It is recommended
that the database is backed up at least once a
week and that the files are stored on a
separate computer. The file format is shown
opposite.

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Time Set Mode


Time set mode can be set from the Real Time Clock
(RTC) or Hand Held Unit (HHU) or from a time
specified by the User. This mode is used to override
the Set to PC option in Scheme manager Time and
Date. It does not affect the System time.

Note - This option will only take effect if the Scheme has Set to PC/HHU Clock configured as
part of the Scheme.

Language
The list of accessible languages that Power Master Unit
screens can display is shown opposite. To change the
language, click on the language required and press Select
language. It will be necessary to re-start Power Master
Unit to display the new language.
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Communications

8.1 Communications Methods


Communications are set up within the Meter manager using the Meter information editor.
The set up requires the communications type etc., an outstation number and telephone
number depending on the communications type to be defined.

Connections

To Set- up/Modify a Connections for a modem - Create a New Meter from the Meter manager
and type in the new name (Test).
Double click on the meter and Select Communications.
Press New/Edit to display the dialog above.
Click New Connection and enter the connection name.
Select the method of connection (Modem) and the modem serial port (Com 1).
Press Save, then Close.

Once the Connection is complete, type in the Outstation number, Telephone number and Baud
rate to complete the communications setup.
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Methods of Connection

Modem - Modems are connected to a meter via the RS232 communications port and the Elster
Metering Systems Communications Server. The Communications Serial Port, Outstation
number and Telephone number also require entering.

PAKNET - PAKNET connects a meter via a PAKNET Radio PAD and the RS232
communications port and the communications server. The Communications Serial Port,
Outstation number and PAKNET PAD number also require entering.

Flag - Flag connection allows communication with a meter via the meter's Optical Port.
RS232 - RS232 connection allows an A1700 meter with an RS232 module or PPM to be
targeted for communications. The PPM baud rate is fixed at 1200. The A1700 baud rate is
selectable.
Data Steam Mode allows fast readings of Register Readings, Historical Data and Load Profile
Data (see Section 4.1.1)
Note: An RS485 module can be used in exactly the same way as RS232.

CHIRPS - This option allows CHIRPS files to be created.

1. Select CHIRPS
2. Select the Directory where the Chirps files are stored and press OK

XML- This option allows tariff and display files to be created in XML format.
Select the directory where the files are to be stored.
Hand Held Unit - This allows the Master Unit to communicate with a Hand Held Unit via OMS
software.

8.2 Sending a Scheme to Meter


There are two ways of sending a Scheme to a meter, by executing the Meter list or by Quick
send scheme.

Execute Meter List


Execute Meter list can be selected from Transfer in the Main menu, or by right clicking in the
Meter list.

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To Transfer a Meter List - Select the Meter list to be


transferred.
Select Transfer/Execute Meter list. File transfers
should be visible in the Communications Server.

Quick Send Scheme


This allows the user to send a complete scheme to a meter, by-passing
the Meter list. Quick send can be selected using the toolbar or by saving
the scheme, then right clicking on the scheme icon.

To Quick send a Scheme - Select the Scheme to be transferred.


Select Quick send Scheme from Transfer in the Main Menu. This will open the Quick send Setup dialog.
Fill in the dialog referring to Connections.
Press OK. File transfers should be visible in the Communications Server.

8.3 Communications Server

Introduction
Communications with a meter is automatically established via the Communications Server,
when a Scheme is executed from a Meter
list or in Quick send mode.
The server is used for the following modes of
operation that are set in Meter Information
Editor/Communications:
Modem, Paknet, Flag or RS232
When a Meter list is executed, the
Communications Server opens on the desktop, showing data being transferred in Red
(Transmit) or Green (Receive) blocks of data in the Communications window. Communications
can take place on up to nine Ports.
To view data in the form of a Log while it is being transferred, click in the Communications
Window. The data being transferred is displayed as a log while communications take place.

Data Log
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Notes
1. During Comms the Serial number and Scheme name are displayed once connection to the
meter is established. If this data is not available, ? is displayed
2. The number of sent and received Packets is displayed with the number of bytes
3. The program can be aborted during comms by clicking Exit. This will end all sessions in an
orderly manner.
4. It is recommended that the comms application is closed down once the Master Unit has
been closed

8.4 Main Menu

File
Open - Allows files stored on the PC to be Read and Viewed

Close - Closes an opened file

Save - Saves an opened file

Save/As - Saves a file as a New Name

Print Preview - Shows page layout of a file to be printed

Print - Prints an opened file

Print Setup - Configures the System Printer

Exit - Exits the Communications Server

Window
Arrange - Arranges customised Meter manager, Meter list and Scheme manager windows to
original view.

8.5 OMS File Transfer ( Open Metering Systems )


OMS software forms part of CHIRPS and is configured in the CHIRPS directory.
OMS will allow a variety of Hand Held Units (HHU) to be used with the system.
The software can be used to transfer schemes to a HHU from the Power Master Unit, using
either Quick send or executing a Meter list.
The software can also be used to upload .RES or .BUD files from a HHU by launching the OMS
Transfer program.

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Downloading Schemes
Select Quick-send
Select the connection type (HHU) and enter
the password as required
Click OK
The Window shown is displayed
Click OK

The OMS top level menu is displayed

Hand Held Unit (HHU)


HHU allows data files and configuration data to be downloaded System HHU
using a HHU.
Set Up
Click on HHU to reveal the following menu. Transfer
Save Set Up
Config File

Set Up
Click on Set Up
The meter, Master Unit path and procedures are
set up automatically by the Power Master Unit X
and should not be changed. The HHU and the X
Comm port should be set up as appropriate.
Click OK when all parameters are set.
Note: If any modifications are made they can be
saved by selecting HHU/Save Set Up.

Mpalm 3000
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Download - To download the files to HHU, follow the flowchart below:

At the HHU At the PC

With CHIRPS for the HUSKY HUSKY File transfer Utility Select HHU
Select Comms Press Escape to Exit is displayed Click Transfer
This starts HCOM Files are transferred to the HHU
or
At C> Type HCOM
Press Enter

After Transfer Press ESC

Select System
Exit

Programming/Reading a Meter

At the HHU

At the C> prompt type Select Manual When the transfer is complete Select Quit
CHK (HUSKY) Press Enter the HHU responds with an Press Enter
Press Enter Select scheme to be transferred Achievement Byte
Press Enter (0 if successful)

Uploading Readings - In the Power Master Unit,


select Transfer/Launch OMS HHU Transfer Program
from the Main Menu. \OMS_TRAN\RESULTS

Click OK (OMS top level menu is displayed)


Click on HHU/Set up

Power Master Unit sets up the Meter, Master Unit X


path and Procedures automatically. If the load profile
data has been read, check Upload BUD Files.
The HHU and the Comm port should be set up as
appropriate.

Click OK when all parameters are set. Mpalm 3000

Note: If any modifications are made, selecting


HHU/Save Set Up can save them.

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Upload - To Upload the files from HHU, follow the flowchart below:

At the HHU At the PC

With CHIRPS for the HUSKY HUSKY File transfer Utility Select HHU
Select Comms Press Escape to Exit is displayed Click Transfer
This starts HCOM Files are transferred to the HHU
or
At C> Type HCOM
Press Enter

After Transfer Press ESC

Select System
Exit

Configuration
If the HHU.CFG on the HHU is lost or corrupt, a new configuration file can be downloaded to the
HHU.
Select HHU/Config File.
Set the parameters as shown below:

HHU Config. File

Number of Retries 5
Date of Expire 311279
Number of Sessions 0000
HHU Identification HuskyFS2
File Size 12
Comms Port COM1
Timing 1 1600
Timing 2 3000
Timing 3 0200
Timing 4 0100

OK Cancel

Click on data to be edited and type changes. (TAB can also be used to move between entries).

Click on OK
Select HHU/Set up
In the procedures section, only Download HHU Config should be selected
Click OK
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At the HHU At the PC

With CHIRPS for the HUSKY HUSKY File transfer Utility Select HHU
Select Comms Press Escape to Exit is displayed Click Transfer
This starts HCOM Files are transferred to the HHU
or
At C> Type HCOM
Press Enter

After Transfer Press ESC

Select System
Exit

Number of retries - This is the number of tries CHIRPS repeats the FLAG message before
terminating with an error message.

Date of Expiry - This is the date of expiry of the current CHIRPS Configuration File. A new file
with the following format must be loaded.

Day of Month ( 2 Characters) 01-31


Month ( 2 Characters) 01-12
Last 2 digits of Year ( 2 Characters) 00-99

Number of Sessions - This is the number of sessions that CHIRPS will run in the range of
0000 to 9999. After entry the value decrements by one until it reaches 0001. CHIRPS will then
cease to run.
If the number is initially set to zero, CHIRPS will run for an indefinite number of times.

HHU Identification - This is an eight digit identifier determining the type of HHU that CHIRPS is
running on.

File Size - The file size should always be set to 12

Comms Port - If the first three characters are set to COM. then the fourth character is
interpreted as the comms port (e.g. COM1) which is the default value.

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Timings - CHIRPS timing protocols should be set to the following values and not changed.
Timing 1 1600
Timing 2 3000
Timing 3 0200
Timing 4 0100

Load Default - The default file is identical to the Configuration File and can be loaded in case
CHIRPS has been corrupted.
A new default file can be generated by saving the data and re-saving the file HHU.CFG to
HHU.DEF.
Click System Exit to return to the Power Master Unit.

8.6 Viewing Communications Failures


To view the log of communications failures select
Window, Show communications failures.

A log of all failures encountered


during the current Master Unit
session will be displayed.
Use Save to save the error
messages as Text Files.
The file will contain information required to analyse the failure. Use the text files if support is
required when contacting Elster Metering Systems about communications failures.

8.7 Networking the Power Master Unit Client PC running


Power Master Unit Software
Server PC with
Communications Server installed

The Power Master Unit can communicate


over a network by installing the
Communications Server on a remote PC and
sharing the directory. The file location must be
set in the Communications Server Setup.
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To set the file paths


At the Server PC:
Install the Communications Server in the required directory and share the directory including the
Script, Result and Log subdirectories with the Client PC
Select the Communications Server Setup and change the Script, Log and Results path to the
correct location on the Server PC

At the Client PC:


Connect to the share on the remote PC running the Communications Server
Select the Communications Server Setup from the System Menu and set the Script, Log and
Results path to the correct location on the Server PC

Note:
To allow communications from a number of Power Master Units connected to a network the
Communications Server must be left running when it is installed on a remote drive.

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Appendix A

A1 Instrumentation
The Live Link software displays instrumentation details
as shown in the display opposite.

Using the software


Select a meter from the Meter manager.
Right click and select Live Link.
Click check boxes for values to be displayed.

Note: Click Apply CT/VT check box if Primary values


are to be displayed.
Note: Each line of text may take a few seconds to be
displayed.

A2 A1700 Link (Virtual Meter)


The A1700 Virtual Meter Link allows the displays of an A1700 meter to be viewed at a remote
location. Follow the instructions in Section 8 of this manual to set the method of communications.

To set up a Virtual Meter Link


Connect the meter to the remote PC (the communications
method can be set by following the instructions in Section 8
of this manual
Right click on the A1700 meter in the Meter manager
Select A1700 (Vision) - Virtual Meter
The Communications Server window and the Meter Display window will open.
The Meter Display window will be scrolling the displays, mimicking the A1700 meter display
sequence.
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Using the Meter Display Window Pushbuttons


The Next, Active, Consumer and Utility pushbuttons are used to mimic the actions of the A1700
meter display pushbutton. The way the meter responds to the pushbuttons is shown in the table
below.

Default Display Press the Next pushbutton to enter the Default single step mode.
Further presses of the Next pushbutton step the displays.
Consumer Display To view the Consumer Displays, press the Consumer pushbutton.
Short presses of the Next pushbutton step through the pages.
To select a page, step to the page and press the Active pushbutton.
Press Next to step through the page items.
To return to the Default Display, select the Exit page and press the Active
pushbutton.
Utility Display To enter Utility Display, press the Utility Pushbutton.
Once Utility Mode is entered the display is stepped in exactly the same way as the
Consumer display.

Note: The A1700 display will revert to the Default Display at a programmable period after the
last press of the pushbutton.

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Appendix B

B1 Exporting Readings as a Text Only File


Readings and Schemes can be exported and printed as a text only file by setting up a
generic/text only printer on port file. This feature allows schemes/readings
(or selected parts of) to be cut and pasted into other applications such as Bug Collector Pro,
Word etc.

Setting up the File printer


From the Main Window, choose Start/Settings/Printers
Select Add/New/Printer. The Add Printer Wizard appears
Press Next. Local printer attached to computer
Select the Port File
Press Next. Select Manufacturer/Generic, Printer
Generic/ Text only
Press Next. Select keep existing drivers
Press Next. Select No for default printer
Press Finish
A Print to File dialog appears
Name the file (text Printer)
All files output to this printer will be printed as text
only files and can be viewed in Notepad.
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Appendix C

C1 XML Files

Introduction
XML files can be created by the Power Master Unit for use with the Elster Metering ARR
Meridian system. It should be noted that this feature is only available for A1700 meters with the
following meter compatibility:
Standard A1700 (Vision) PB*******B/C
Multi-Utility A1700 (Vision) PB*******H
A separate XML file must be created for the Standard A1700 meter and the Multi-Utility Meter.
Make sure that only one compatibility box is checked at a time.

The Power Master Unit is restricted so that only the following scheme items will be downloaded
to form the XML file:
Scheme Id
Active Tariff
Deferred Tariff
Deferred Tariff setup
A1700 Active Display
A1700 Deferred Display
Billing Dates (Only applicable to billing reset during comms)

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Creating an XML File


To create an XML file, open the Power Master Unit, Select the
correct meter compatibility (check only one compatibility box)
and follow the procedure below:

1. In the Scheme Manager, select the scheme to be


converted (Note that all of the scheme pages appear in
Bold, but only the scheme items listed in the
Introduction will be form part of the XML file)
2. Once the scheme has been defined, select the
Quicksend button. The Quicksend screen opposite is
displayed
3. From the Connection Type combi box, select XML
output
4. Select New/Edit to view the Connection to Meters
screen, then set the XML directory path.
5. Press Save to save any changes. The PMU reverts to
the Quicksend scheme screen
6. Select OK to generate the XML file
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Appendix D

D1 PPM to A1700 Conversions


These instructions detail how to:
Import a PPM scheme created in the PPM Master Unit into the Power Master Unit.
Convert the PPM scheme to a scheme compatible with the A1700 meter.

D2 Importing the PPM Scheme into the Power Master Unit


From the Power Master Unit, top level, menu, select Tools/Import Old Master Unit Files
Select the scheme.DL file to be converted and press OK. The scheme will be imported into the
Power Master Unit.
To view the scheme, double click on File/Old Master Unit/Schemes and select the scheme from
the Scheme Manager right window.

Note: The procedure above will import all data associated with the PPM scheme.
Specific items of the scheme can be selected for import individually by selecting
them from the List files of type dropdown list.

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D3 Converting a PPM Scheme into an A1700 Scheme


Once the PPM scheme has been imported into the Power Master Unit it can be converted to a scheme
compatible with the A1700 meter.
To do this:
Double click on the PPM scheme to view it in the Scheme Editor.
Select 'Compatibility' and check ALL meters
Select OK
A number of Warnings will be displayed when converting the scheme. Click Yes for each Warning
Select 'Compatibility' and select A1700 only (un-check all PPMs)
Select OK
Select Scheme/Save scheme as and save the scheme as a new name.

The scheme will be saved in the Old Master Unit Schemes folder. This can be moved to the
A1700 folder or to another directory.

Note: The format of some PPM scheme items e.g. time and date in the display are not
compatible with A1700 scheme items. These items may not convert sensibly to an A1700
scheme.
For good housekeeping, check the scheme after conversion paying particular attention to
displays A1700 meter options and A1700 meter UI options.
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D4 Renaming the Pages of the New Scheme


For good housekeeping, it is important that the individual pages of the scheme are associated
with the new scheme name. This is easily done using the Save Page As option.
Open the new scheme from the right hand box of the Scheme Manager
Select the page to re-name (e.g. Meter Identifiers)
Select Scheme/Save Page As, then enter the new scheme name (before selecting OK, copy
the scheme name to the clipboard)
Using the procedure above, select all other relevant Scheme Pages in turn and enter the new
scheme name, pasting the new name from the clipboard.
Save the scheme to update the Summary Page

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Appendix E

E1 Displays
GENERAL INSTRUMENTATION Inst. event 1 (last - 1-4) time & date
Current time RMS voltage phases A-B-C Billing reset (last) time & date
Current date RMS current phases A-B-C Programming (last) time & date
Total import Wh Power factor phases A-B-C Programming (last - 1 - 4) time & date
Total export Wh Overall power factor Phase imbalance (last) time & date
Total import lagging varh (Q1) Phase rotation Phase imbalance (last - 1 - 4) time & date
Total import leading varh (Q2) Active power phases A-B-C
Total export lagging varh (Q3) Overall active power HISTORICAL GENERAL
Total export leading varh (Q4) Reactive power phases A-B-C Total import Wh
Total VAh Overall reactive power Total export Wh
Customer defined 1 - 3 Apparent power phases A-B-C Total import lagging varh (Q1)
Inputs 1 - 4 (Units) Overall apparent power Total import leading varh (Q2)
Rate 1 - 16 (option 32) Phases A-B-C V->I angle Total export lagging varh (Q3)
Active MDs Supply frequency Total export leading varh (Q4)
Active rates Total VAh
Ext active rates SECURITY Customer defined 1-3
Import W rising dem. Tariff scheme name External input 1-4 (Units)
Export W rising dem. Serial number Rate 1-16 (option 32)
Import lagging var rising dem. (Q1) Model code Remaining battery support time
Import leading var rising dem. (Q2) System configuration Billing reset count
Export lagging var rising dem. (Q3) Number of phase failures Billing reset (last) time & date
Export leading var rising dem. (Q4) Phase failure (current) Billing reset trigger
Total VA rising dem. Phase failure state (last) Billing period start time & date
Customer defined 1 - 3 rising dem. Phase failure state (last - 1-4) Billing period end time & date
Inputs 1 - 4 (Units) rising dem. Power down count
Billing reset count Cumulative power down duration HIST MAX DEMANDS
VT ratio Reverse run event count Max. demand 1-8
VT error magnitude Inst. event 1- 5 count Coincident demands 1-5
CT ratio Inst. event 1 -5 phase (last) Max. demand 1-8 time & date
CT error magnitude Inst. event 1- 5 phase (last - 1-4) Max. demand 1-8 level 2
Integration period Time & date count Coincident demand 1-5 level 2
Sub-interval period Password changed count Max. demand 1-8 level 2 time & date
Exclusion Date Battery install time & date Max. demand 1-8 level 3
Day of week index Remaining battery support time Coincident demand 1-5 level 3
Free text message Elapsed battery support time Max. demand 1-8 level 3 time & date
Test pattern Last billing trigger source Cumulative max. dem. 1-8
Alternative test display Programming count
Input module configuration HISTORICAL SECURITY
Input module status Phase fail count
MAX DEMANDS Input module Phase failure state (last)
Max. demands 1-8 External integration Phase failure state (last - 1-4)Phase
Coincident demands 1-5 Number of voltage imbalance events failure (last) time & datePhase failure
Max. demands 1-8 time & date (last - 1-4) time & date
Max. demands 1-8 level 2 EVENT TIME STAMPS Phase failure state (last - 1-4Power
Coincident demand 1-5 level 2 Phase failure (last) time & date down count
Max. demands 1-8 level 2 time & date Phase failure (last - 1-4) time & date Powerdown (last) time & date
Max. demands 1-8 level 3 Power down complete (last) time & date Powerdown (last - 1-4) time & date
Coincident demand 1-5 level 3 Power down comp (last - 1-4) time & date Reverse run count
Max. demands 1-8 level 3 time & date Reverse run (last) time & date Reverse run (last) time & date
Cumulative max. demands 1-8 Reverse run (last - 1-4) time & date Reverse run (last - 1-4) time & date
Inst. event 1 (last) time & date

Note: The display list will vary for different versions of the meter.