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It is an elevated area of land with a flat top and sides

that are usually steep cliffs. It takes its name from its
characteristic table-top shape. Mesas form by
weathering and erosion of horizontally layered rocks
that have been uplifted by tectonic activity.
It is an isolated hill with steep, often vertical sides and
a small, relatively flat top; buttes are smaller than
mesas, plateaus, and table landforms. Buttes form by
weathering and erosion when hard caprock overlies a
layer of less resistant rock that is eventually worn
The movement of rivers, the processes of weathering
and erosion, and tectonic activity create canyons. A
canyon is a deep, narrow valley with steep sides. The
term gorge is often used to mean canyon, but a
gorge is almost always steeper and narrower than a