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Commissioning Service Department

Commissioning Standard Test Formats


Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 1 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

1. GENERAL DATA AND INFORMATION

Designation No. TR. Differential Relay Type


TRF Manufacture TR.R.E.F Relay Type
Rating HV CT Ratio / Class:
Winding Vector LV CT Ratio
/ Class:
Group
Impedance % HV BCT Ratio / Class:
No. of Taps LV BCT Ratio / Class:
Ratio Main Tap: / KV Last Tap: / KV

2. Transformer Stability and Sensitivity Test Procedure

2.1. Objective:
The objective of this test is confirm that the differential relay or REF relay
doesn't operate at normal conditions even though load currents are high, where
It should operate when a fault occurs in its zone.
2.2. Source:
Suitable 3 phase generator (Separate) 380 volt 60 Hz or Suitable
Voltage.
SEC supply.

3. Precautions:

3.1. Good earth of:


3.1.1. The Generator.
3.1.2. The Transformer.
3.1.3. The shield of the cables.
3.2. The correct size of connected testing cables.
3.3. Determine working zones and places and preventing any person to be in these
zones.
3.4. Suitable MCB for 3-phase supply.
3.5. CT terminal blocks must be checked and tightness well.
3.6. All REF (Restricted Earth Fault) relays must be removed or its CT terminal
shorted.
3.7. Check the Phase Sequence of the 3-Phase Supply.
3.8. Test equipments and tools:
Calibrated multi-meters.
Calibrated testers for measure current and phase angle.

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 2 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

4. Calculation:

The following calculation is as a general example.

Technical Data of Power Transformer:


- Two winding - three phase - Ynyn0d1 transformer.
- 132/13.8 KV.
- 60 MVA.
- Rated current 262.43 / 2510.22 A.
- HV CTR = 300/1.
- LV CTR = 3000/1.
- Percentage impedance:
At Tap 7L = 25.137 %
At Tap N = 23.594 %
At Tap 11R = 21.847 %

Calculation:

At normal tap.

- H.V side:

60 10 6
I1 p 262.43 A
3 132 10 3
1
IPCT 1.14
0.875

- LV Side:
60 10 6
I 2s 2510.22 A
3 13.8 10 3
2510.22
i2 0.837 A
3000 1
1
IPCT 1.2
0.837

Z Z %
KV 2
MVA
At Tap 7L Z 0.25137

13.8 2
0.797848
60
When we apply 380 V power supply at LV side
Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 3 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

380 3
I 2( LV ) 274.981A
0.797848
274.981
i2 91.7mA
3000
1.2
After IPCT i 2 91.7 63.5mA
3
13.8
I1( HV ) 274.981 28.74 A
132
28.74
i1 95.8mA
300
1.14
After IPCT i1 95.8 77.44mA
3
At Tap N

Z 0.23594

13.8 2
0.748874
60
When we apply 380 V power supply at LV side
380 3
I 2( LV ) 292.96 A
0.748874
292.96
i2 97.65mA
3000
1.2
After IPCT i 2 97.65 67.67mA
3
13.8
I1( HV ) 292.96 30.62 A
132
30.62
i1 102.8mA
300
1.14
After IPCT i1 102.8 67.19mA
3
At Tap 11R

Z 0.21848

13.8 2
0.693456
60
When we apply 380 V power supply at LV side
380 3
I 2( LV ) 316.38 A
0.693456
316.38
i2 105.49mA
3000
1.2
After IPCT i 2 105.49 73.06mA
3
Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 4 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

13.8
I1( HV ) 316.08 33.08 A
132
33.08
i1 110.25mA
300
1.14
After IPCT i1 110.25 72.57mA
3

5. Final setting testing check:

5.1. Check the final setting of the differential relay.


5.2. Check the final setting of the REF relays.

6. Transformer differential stability and sensitivity test for tap no ------

6.1. stability test

6.1.1. Primary measurements

Source
V&I
R Y B N R-Y Y-B B-R
V (V)
I (A)

6.1.2. Secondary measurements

Diff. relay Diff. relay


HV Side LV Side
(HV side) (LV side)
Phase
I pri. I sec. I pri. I sec. I
T.B. T.B. T.B. I (mA) T.B.
(A) (mA) (A) (mA) (mA)

R
Y
B
N

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 5 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

6.1.3. Differential Relay Current Measurement (for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay DIFF Relay


DIFF Current Restrain Current
Phase Measurement Measurement
Id mA IR mA
HV side current A LV side current A
R
Y
B

6.2. Sensitivity Test by swapping CT Terminals :

6.2.1. Secondary measurements

Diff. relay (HV Diff. relay (LV


Phase HV Side LV Side
side) side)
I
I sec. I pri. T.B I sec. T.B I
pri. T.B. T.B. I (mA)
(mA) (A) . (mA) . (mA)
(A)
R
Y
B
N

6.2.2. Differential Relay Current Measurement (for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay DIFF Relay Restrain


DIFF Current
Phase Measurement Measurement Current
Id mA
HV side current A LV side current A IR mA
R
Y
B

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 6 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

7. Transformer differential stability and sensitivity test for tap no ------

7.1. stability test

7.1.1. Primary measurements

Source
V&I
R Y B N R-Y Y-B B-R
V (V)
I (A)

7.1.2. Secondary measurements

Diff. relay (HV


Phase HV Side LV Side Diff. relay (LV side)
side)
I
T.B I sec. I pri. I sec. I
pri. T.B. T.B. T.B. I (mA)
. (mA) (A) (mA) (mA)
(A)
R
Y
B
N

7.1.3. Differential Relay Current Measurement(for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay DIFF Relay


DIFF Current Restrain Current
Phase Measurement Measurement
Id mA IR mA
HV side current A LV side current A
R
Y
B

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 7 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

7.2. Sensitivity Test by swapping CT Terminals :

7.2.1. Secondary measurements

Diff. relay (HV Diff. relay (LV


HV Side LV Side
side) side)
Phase I
I sec. I pri. I sec. I
pri. T.B. T.B. T.B. I (mA) T.B.
(mA) (A) (mA) (mA)
(A)
R
Y
B
N

7.2.2. Differential Relay Current Measurement(for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay DIFF Relay


DIFF Current Restrain Current
Phase Measurement Measurement
Id mA IR mA
HV side current A LV side current A
R
Y
B

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 8 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

8. Transformer differential stability and sensitivity test for tap no ------

8.1. stability test

8.1.1. Primary measurements :

Source
V&I
R Y B N R-Y Y-B B-R
V (V)
I (A)

8.1.2. Secondary measurements:

Diff. relay (HV Diff. relay (LV


HV Side LV Side
side) side)
Phase I
T.B I sec. I pri. T.B I sec. I
pri. T.B. T.B. I (mA)
. (mA) (A) . (mA) (mA)
(A)
R
Y
B
N

8.1.3. Differential Relay Current Measurement (for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay DIFF Relay Restrain


DIFF Current
Phase Measurement Measurement Current
Id mA
HV side current A LV side current A IR mA
R
Y
B

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 9 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

8.2. Sensitivity Test by swapping CT Terminals :

8.2.1. Secondary measurements

Diff. relay (HV Diff. relay (LV


HV Side LV Side
side) side)
Phase I
I sec. I pri. I sec. I
pri. T.B. T.B. T.B. I (mA) T.B.
(mA) (A) (mA) (mA)
(A)
R
Y
B
N

8.2.2. Differential Relay Current Measurement (for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay
DIFF Relay Restrain
Measurement DIFF Current
Phase Measurement Current
LV side current Id mA
HV side current A IR mA
A
R
Y
B

9. Stability And Sensitivity Of REF HV Side At Tap No ----

9.1. Stability test

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected I
Wire From Wire From CT's
Supply to primary I (mA) V (V)
neutral CT sum
Phase (A)
I (mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 10 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

9.2. Sensitivity Test by Swapping CT Terminals :

I Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected
primary Wire From neutral CT Wire From CT's sum
Supply to Phase I (mA) V (V)
(A) I (mA) I (mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

10. Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

10.1. Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected
I primary Wire From Wire From CT's
Supply to I (mA) V (V)
(A) neutral CT sum
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

10.2. Sensitivity Test by Swapping CT Terminals :

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected
I primary Wire From Wire From CT's
Supply to I (mA) V (V)
(A) neutral CT sum
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 11 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

11. Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

11.1. Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Measured I secondary REF relay


I
Connected Wire From neutral
primary Wire From CT's sum I (mA) V (V)
Supply to Phase CT
(A)
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

11.2. Sensitivity Test by Swabing CT Terminals :

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected
I primary Wire From Wire From CT's
Supply to I (mA) V (V)
(A) neutral CT sum
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 12 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

12. Stability and sensitivity of REF LV Side at Tap No ----

12.1. Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected
I primary Wire From Wire From CT's
Supply to I (mA) V (V)
(A) neutral CT sum
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

12.2. Sensitivity Test by Swapping CT Terminals :

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected
I primary Wire From Wire From CT's
Supply to I (mA) V (V)
(A) neutral CT sum
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 13 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

13. Stability and sensitivity of REF LV Side at Tap No ----

13.1. Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected
I primary Wire From Wire From CT's
Supply to I (mA) V (V)
(A) neutral CT sum
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

13.2. Sensitivity Test by Swapping CT Terminals :

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected Wire From Wire From I
I primary V (V)
Supply to neutral CT CT's sum (mA)
(A)
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service Department
Commissioning Standard Test Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST Record No.:
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 14 of 14
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

14. Stability and sensitivity of REF LV Side at Tap No ----

14.1. Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected I
Wire From Wire From CT's
Supply to primary I (mA) V (V)
neutral CT sum
Phase (A)
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

14.2. Sensitivity Test by Swapping CT Terminals :

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected
Wire From Wire From CT's
Supply to I primary (A) I (mA) V (V)
neutral CT sum
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date: