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TRANSPORT QUALITY IMPROVEMENT

MEASUREMENT METHOD and STANDARDIZATION


Transport Network Quality
27 JANUARY 2015
IPPM OVERVIEW
What is IPPM
IPPM (Internet Protocol Performance Monitoring) is a technique to measure transport network performance
IPPM has capability to measure real-time performance of end-to-end IP connection between two wireless nodes

IP Layer IP Layer
Layer 2 Layer 2
Physical Layer Physical Layer

Counter Parameter Description Threshold


VS.IPPM.Forword.DropMeans Average Forward Packet Loss Rate of IPPM < 0.1%

VS.IPPM.MaxRttDelay Maximum Round Trip Delay of IPPM < 40 ms

Key Performance Index

Note: Metro-E < 20 ms


IPPM MEASUREMENT METHOD
IPPM Measurement Method
Samples are taken every five seconds in the specified measurement period. If we are using 1 hour or 60 minutes measurement period, it
means there will be 720 samples of measurement.
The system obtains the number of discarded packets once every five seconds. With this, the system obtains the total number of discarded
packets in one measurement period.
The loss rate is calculated by dividing the discarded packets with total packets.

Description of Peak Drop per Hour measurement result:


For example there are 50 Samples of Discarded Packet with various value of Packet Loss
The value of Peak Drop will be taken from the BIGGEST Discarded Packet (for example 15%)

Description of Mean Drop per Hour measurement result:


For example there are 50 Samples of Discarded Packet with various value of Packet Loss
The system will calculates the AVERAGE of 50 Samples of Discarded Packet
The value of Mean Drop will be taken from the result of the AVERAGE calculation (for example 0.05%)
RECOMMENDATION OF IPPM COUNTER : HUAWEI
Counter Introduction
Counter ID : 67204127
Counter Name : VS.IPPM.Forword.DropMeans
Description : Average Forward Packet Loss Rate of IPPM

This counter provides the Forward Packet Loss Rate of the IPPATH in the specified measurement period. The packet loss rate is calculated as
follows:

Peak Drop Rate


Peak Drop Rate packet loss is just the result of one sample in the specified measurement period, so this counter is unscientific to evaluate the
network.
For example, take 1 hour as measurement period, there are 720 samples during one measurement period, and only one sample is peak value.
The peak value can just prove that some packets are lost in some five seconds. Actually, time with packet loss even less than five seconds.
Peak packet loss rate is susceptible when the traffic is very low.
For example, there are 50 packets in one sample, and if one packet is lost, the loss rate should be 2%.

Mean Drop Rate


Average packet loss rate can reflect total number of discarded packets in one measurement period, it can also reflect more samples during one
measurement period, so it is more scientific.
For commercial network, there always many users share the transmission, and these users also will share the packet loss, so the impact is
less than the situation that there is only one user.
RECOMMENDATION OF IPPM COUNTER
Samples of Discarded Packet Measurement
For 1 hour measurement period, there are 720 samples of measurement.
Of 720 samples, 25 samples are discarded packet.
Peak Drop is Packet Loss with the largest value of discarded samples = 45%
Mean Drop is Packet Loss with average value of 25 discarded samples = 5.12%
In this case, average packet loss reflect total number of 25 discarded packets, while peak drop is just a result of
one sample of 25 discarded packets.

Conclusion : Recommendation Counter of Packet Loss monitoring is AVERAGE Packet Loss Rate

Threshold of The Packet Loss Rate


Results of Huawei laboratory show that higher speed service more stringent about packet loss rate.
Huawei suggest average packet loss rate less than 0.1% to be the reference standard, and this proposal can
meet the requirements of 84M HSPA+ service, it can also meet the standardized QCI characteristics which are
defined by 3GPP.
RECOMMENDATION OF IPPM COUNTER : ERICSSON
IuB HS Limit
Counter Name : pmCapAllocIubHsLimitingRatioSpi
Description : Percentage of times where IuB congestion has occurred

Packet Loss (HS Frame Loss)

Key Performance Index


Packet Loss : less than 0.1%
IuB HS Limit : less than 20%
IPPM PATTERN FORMULA CALCULATION
Packet Loss Pattern Formula Calculation
Concept is done by examining IPPM graph of packet loss which performed by M2000 NMS.
Measurement are performed during 7 days with a measurement period of 1 hour (60 minutes). It will generate 168 measurement of maximum
result of packet loss.
By examining IPPM graph of Packet Loss, Node-B is called having a problem if packet loss occurred at least 3 times a day or 21 times a week
(12.5%) of average packet loss.
Packet Loss Counter (average_21) determine the state of CLEAR, SPIKE and CONSECUTIVE as following:
Counter = 0 : CLEAR
Counter < 21 : SPIKE
Counter >= 21 : CONSECUTIVE
IPPM DATA MINING
IPPM Data Mining
Performance data of Node-B and IuB transport generated by M2000 Server
M2000 Server then deliver the data to external equipment called Servo Aggregator Server
Servo Aggregator Server synchronized the data and deliver to Transport Data Mining Server
Transport Data Mining Server manages the synchronized data then generates requirement data such as IuB Packet Loss and Latency
Transport Data Mining Server equipped with Automatic Report Generator, Raw Data Exporter and Automatic Packet Loss Pattern Detector

Next Plan: IuB Usage, IuB Drop Flow Control, IuB HS Limit, HSDPA Throughput
ANALYSIS OF PACKET LOSS IMPACTS : VOICE QUALITY
Packet Loss on the Voice Quality
Voice Quality can be measured based on R Factor and MOS parameter as follow:
R Factor Transmission quality rating which estimates the relative impairments to voice quality
MOS Mean Opinion Score, voice quality parameter based on customer opinion of satisfaction
Table below describes the voice quality based on customer satisfaction based on MOS value

Packet Loss Rate Average MOS Minimum MOS


0 3.86 3.66
0.01% 3.85 3.46
0.05% 3.8 3.29
0.10% 3.78 3.27
0.50% 3.62 3.01
1% 3.44 2.72
2.50% 2.96 2.2
5% 2.49 1.81
10% 1.91 1.54
12% 1.75 Can't Hear
15% 1.31 No Voice
ANALYSIS OF PACKET LOSS IMPACTS : DATA QUALITY (HSDPA THROUGHPUT)

Packet Loss Rate 1.8M DL Throughput 3.6M DL Throughput 7.2M DL Throughput


(%) (Mbps) (Mbps) (Mbps)
0 1790 3254.7 6822
0.01 1790 2988.7 6565
0.05 1790 2892.6 6286
0.1 1790 2899.4 5948
0.5 1750 2478.6 4996
1 1660 2173.3 4595
2.5 1430 1918.5 4270
5 217.4 213.2 488
10 77.5 78.1 230
THANK YOU