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Afzal Ansari Chemistry Test

Class XII (ISC)


Chemical Kinetics, Chemical Equilibrium
Time 3 hours MM 70 Marks
Q.1- Fill in the blanks:
(i) The subdivision of a catalyst increases the number of _____________ centres of its surface.
(ii) The overall rate of a complex reaction is governed by the role of _____________ elementary step.
(iii) A catalyst forms an _________________ at _______ potential energy and thus ____________ the activation
energy of the reaction.
(iv) For the reaction, 2N2O5 (g) 4NO 2 (g), _________ X Rate of disappearence of N2O5 = __________ X
Rate of formation of NO2.
(v) The units of rate constant for a reaction of order 3 are _______________.
(vi) At equilibrium, AG = ______ _______ ______ _______.
(vii) ___________ reactions never go to completion whereas ___________ reactions proceed almost of
completion.
(viii) The value of equilibrium constant. Changes on changing the _____________ coefficients.
(ix) On increasing pressure, equilibrium will shift in the direction is which number of moles ___________.
(x) When the temperature of the system at equilibrium is increased, the equilibrium shifts in the direction in
which heat is _______________.
Q.2- Choose the correct answer:
(i) In the reaction A + B C + D, 4 moles of A react with 4 moles of B and forms 2 moles of each of C and D.
The value of Kc for the reaction is:
(a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 1 (d) 1.56
0
(ii) 28 g of N2 and 6 g of H2 were kept at 400 C in 1 Litre vessel, the equilibrium mixture contain 27.54 g of NH 3.
The approximate value of Kc for the above reaction canbe (in molL -2) :
(a) 75 (b) 50 (c) 25 (d) 100
(iii) In a chemical reaction, equalibrium is said to have been established when the:
(a) Operating reaction ceases
(b) Concentration of reactants and products are equal
(c) New cities of opposing reactions are equal
(d) Total of allusions reactions are equal
(iv) The rate of a reaction depends on:
(a) temperature (b) initial concentration of the reactants
(c) time of reaction (d) Extent of reaction
(v) The time of completion of 90% of a first order reaction is approximately:
(a) 1.1 times that of half life (b) 2.2 times that of half life
(c) 3.3 times that of half life (d) 4.4 times that of half life
Q.3- State whether the following statements are True or False:
(i) In a solid liquid equilibrium, temperature remains constant.
(ii) The rate of an exothermic reaction increases with increase in temperature.
(iii) The slowest elementary step in a complex reaction decides the overall rate of the reaction.
(iv) For a first order reaction, [A]0 = [A]ekt.
(v) The molecularity of a reaction is always the same as its order.
Q.4- For a chemical reaction 2A + B 2C + 3D, the rate of disappearance of A is 0.10 molL 1 sec1. Calculate the
rate of reaction and the rate of appearance of D.
Q.5- For the reaction N2 (g) + 3H2 (g) 2 NH3 (g) the rate of reaction is found to be 2 10 4 molL1 sec. Calculate
the rate of disappearance of N2 (g) and that of H2 (g).
Q.6- List any two factors that influence the rate of chemical reaction. Indicate whether the rate constant of the
reaction is dependent on or independent of these factor?

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Q.7- For the reaction 2x + y + z x2yz, the rate equation is Rate = k [x] [y] 2 with k = 3.0 10-6 mol-2 L2 sec-1 If
[x] = 0.1 mol L-1, [y] = 0.2 mol L-1, [z] = 0.7 mol L-1, determine
(i) the initial rate of reaction and also (ii) the rate after 0.02 mole of x has been reacted.
Q.8- For the reaction: N2 (g) + 3H2 (g) 2NH3 (g) at 400 K, Kp = 41. Find the value of Kp for each for the
following reaction at same temperature.
(i) N2 (g) + 3/2 H2 (g) 2NH3 (g) (ii) 2N2 (a) + 6H2 (a) 4NH3 (g)
Q.9- Initially 0.9 moles of PCl5 and 0.12 moles of PCl3 are mixed in a 1 litre flask. At equilibrium, the flask
contains 0.72 moles of PCl5, what is Kc for the reaction.
PCl5 PCl3 + Cl2?
Q.10- A a certain temperature and a total pressure of 10 5 pa, iodine vapour contain 40% by volume of Iodine ahrms
I2 (g) 2I (g). Calculate Kp for the equilibrium.
Q.11- What is the effect of temperature, pressure concentration and addition of Argan at to the following
equilibrium?
(i) PCl5 (g) PCl3 (g) + Cl2 (g) -- heat
(ii) N2O4 (g) 2NO2 (g), H = +52 KJ
Q.12- Derive relationship between Kp and Kc.
Q.13- For a general reaction
2A + B C + 3D. H = + XKCal
What will be the effect of:
(i) decrease in volume (ii) Increase in temperature
(iii) Increase of pressure at equilibrium at equilibrium?
Q.14- For the reaction, A + B Products, the rate law is Rate = k [A]2/3 [B]2. What are units of rate constant.
Q.15- Determine the order of reaction which of the rate expression, Rate = k [A] [B].
Q.16- A First order reaction is 20% complete in 10 minutes. Calculate the time taken of the reaction to go to 80%
completion.
Q.17- Find the three for the life, t3/4 of an order reaction when for it k = 7.4 10-1.
Q.18- In a reaction, 5 g ethyl acetate is hydrolized per litre in the presence of dil HCl in 300 min. If the reaction is of
first order, and the initial concentration, of ethyl acetate is 22 g/L, then calculate the rate constant of the
reaction.
Q.19- In the dissociation of HI, 20% of HI is dissociated equilibrium. Calculate
Kp for HI (g) H2 (g) + I2 (g)
Q.20- What is the equilibrium constant of each of the substance in the equilibrium when the inile concentration of
ICl was 0.758 M? 2ICl (g) I2 (g) + Cl2 (g), Kc = 0.14
Q.21- The decomposition of N2O5 is CCl4 solution follows the first rate law. The concentration of N 2O5 measured at
different time intervals are given below:
Time in seconds (t) 0 80 160 410 600 1130 1720
-1
[N2O2] (molL ) 5.5 5.0 4.8 4.0 3.4 2.4 1.6
Calculate its rate constant at t = 410 sec and t = 1130 s which do these result show?
Q.22- The following data were obtained in an experiment on inversion of cane sugar in the presence of 0.1 N HCl.
Time (min) 0 60 120 100 360
Angle of rotation in (degrees) +13.1 +11.6 +10.2 +9.0 +5.87 3.8
So that the reaction is of first order. After what time would you expect a zero reading in polarimeter?
Q.23- Benzene diazoneum chloride decompose as C6H5N2Cl C6H5Cl + N2
The volume of N2 evolved at different time intervals was measured and the following data were obtained.
Time (min) 0 20 70
Volume of N2 (mL) 0 10 33 1.62
Find the order of reaction and calculate the value of rate constant.

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Q.24- The optical rotation of sucrose in 1N HCl at various intervals was found as shown below:
Time (min) 0.00 7.18 18.00 27.05
Rotation (degrees) +24.09 +21.41 +17.74 +15.00 10.74
Show that the inversion of cane sugar is a first order reaction.
Q.25- For the reaction 2NO(g) + Cl2 (g) 2NOCl (g), following data were obtained?

Experiment initial Conc. of NO (mol L-1) initial Conc. of Cl2 (mol L-1) initial of rate (mol L-1 sec-1)
1 0.010 0.020 2.40 10-4
2 0.030 0.020 2.16 10-3
3 0.030 0.040 4.32 10-3

Q.26- The value of Kp for the reaction, CO2 (g) + (s) 2 CO (g), is 3.0 at 1000 K. If initially, PCO 2 = 0.48 bar and
CO = O bar and pure graphite is present. Calculate the equilibrium partial pressure of CO and CO 2.
Q.27- 256 g of HI were heated in a sealed bulb at 444 0C, till the equilibrium was attained. The acid was found to be
22% dissociated at equilibrium. Calculate the equilibrium constant for the reaction. 2 HI (g) H 2 (g) + I2 (g)
Q.28- The decomposition of phosphene. 4PH3 (g) P4 (g) + 6H2 (g) has rate law, Rate = k [PH 3]. The rate constant
is 6.0 10-4 s-1 at 300 K and activation energy is 3.05 105 J mol-1. What is the value of rate constant at 310
K? (R = 8.314 J K-1 mol-1)
Q.29- The slope of the line is the graph of log K versus 1/T for the reaction N 2O5 (g) 2NO2 + O2 (g) is -500
OK. Calculate the energy of activation for the reaction. (R = 8.314 J K -1 mol-1)
Q.30- The rate constant of a first order reaction becomes 6 times when the temperature is raised from 350 K to 410
K. Calculate energy of activation (R = 8.314 J K-1 mol-1)
Q.31- Define activation energy and explain the temperature dependence of the reaction rate on its basis.
Q.32- Explain the terms:
(a) Auto Catalysis (b) Induced Catalysis (c) Active Centres
Q.33- Draw a labelled patential energy diagram for a catalysed and an uncatalysed reactions and explain the working
of catalyst.
Q.34- The rate constant for a first order reaction is 60 sec -1. How much time will it take the reduce the initial
concentration of the reactants to its 1/16th value.
Q.35- At 1127 K and 1 atm pressure, a gaseous mixture of CO and CO 2 in equilibrium with solid carbon has
90.55% CO bymass in the reaction. C(s) + 2O2 (g) 2CO (g). Calculate K for this reaction at 1127 K.