0 Suka0 Tidak suka

0 tayangan4 halamanbien

Aug 02, 2017

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT atau baca online dari Scribd

bien

© All Rights Reserved

0 tayangan

bien

© All Rights Reserved

- Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race
- Hidden Figures Young Readers' Edition
- The Law of Explosive Growth: Lesson 20 from The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership
- The E-Myth Revisited: Why Most Small Businesses Don't Work and
- The Wright Brothers
- The Power of Discipline: 7 Ways it Can Change Your Life
- The Other Einstein: A Novel
- The Kiss Quotient: A Novel
- State of Fear
- State of Fear
- The 10X Rule: The Only Difference Between Success and Failure
- Being Wrong: Adventures in the Margin of Error
- Algorithms to Live By: The Computer Science of Human Decisions
- The Black Swan
- Prince Caspian
- The Art of Thinking Clearly
- A Mind for Numbers: How to Excel at Math and Science Even If You Flunked Algebra
- The Last Battle
- The 6th Extinction
- HBR's 10 Must Reads on Strategy (including featured article "What Is Strategy?" by Michael E. Porter)

Anda di halaman 1dari 4

School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0430, USA

Received 27 September 2005; published 22 February 2006

We investigate the dynamics of dark-state polaritons in an atomic ensemble with ground-state degeneracy. A

signal light pulse may be stored and retrieved from the atomic sample by adiabatic variation of the amplitude

of a control field. During the storage process, a magnetic field causes rotation of the atomic hyperfine coher-

ences, leading to collapses and revivals of the dark-state polariton number. These collapses and revivals should

be observable in measurements of the retrieved signal field, as a function of storage time and magnetic field

orientation.

A quantum memory element consisting of an ensemble of without polarization, i.e., the density matrix of atom is

atoms, with efficient coupling to a signal light field, repre- = m pg , mg , m where we write p = 1 / 2Fg + 1. The

sents a node in several quantum network architectures 14. density of atoms in the sample is assumed to be constant.

A dark-state polariton DSP is a collective excitation, with The atoms experience a uniform magnetic field B oriented at

light field and atomic spin wave parts, in which the relative an angle with respect to the light propagation z axis.

size of the light and matter contributions can be varied by

The magnetic field-atom interaction VB = BB s=g,g,egsFs,

changing the amplitude of a control laser field 1. In con-

nection with atomic memories, DSPs offer the possibility for where Fs is the projection of the atomic angular momentum

efficient transfer of information between a light carrier and operator onto level s and gs is the corresponding Land g

an atomic medium, with programmable storage of the exci- factor. The magnetic field induces a Larmor spin precession

tation in the atomic spin coherence. The storage and subse- that is primarily important in the storage phase, when the

quent retrieval of the signal field component of the DSP can signal field amplitude is zero. In a pure three state system, a

be achieved by the extinction and subsequent reactivation of magnetic field has been used to manipulate the phase of a

the control field after a given storage time. Experimental stored light pulse 7. We note that in prior work collapses

demonstrations of stopped light can be understood in terms and revivals of single-atom Zeeman coherences have been

of the concept of DSP in just this way 57. observed 13,14.

In a recent work the storage and retrieval of single pho- We proceed by generalizing the perturbative treatment of

tons using an atomic ensemble-based quantum memory was Fleischhauer and Lukin 15 to include the degenerate

reported, with a storage time conjectured to be limited by atomic level scheme and the presence of a magnetic field. We

inhomogeneous broadening in the ambient magnetic field assume the number of photons contained in the signal pulse

8. During the storage, the DSP consists entirely of atomic is much less than the number of atoms in the sample, and we

spin wave, and in order to understand its dynamics in a mag- retain only terms up to first order in the signal field ampli-

netic field it is necessary to properly account for the atomic tude. In this limit, we can neglect the populations of levels e

level degeneracy and the signal and control field polariza- and g, as well as the coherences between these levels. Fur-

tions. In particular for alkali atoms, which have nonzero thermore, for an initially unpolarized sample in level g, the

nuclear spin, the electronic levels have hyperfine structure. In ground-state populations and Zeeman coherences, as op-

this case we must define a more general form of DSP field

operator than that of a simple lambda configuration, in which

the atomic spin wave part corresponds to a particular super-

position of hyperfine coherences of the ground electronic

level. These coherences are, in turn, intimately related to the

phenomenon of electromagnetically induced transparency

EIT 912.

We shall see that in a magnetic field the temporal evolu-

tion of the DSP reveals a series of collapses and revivals due FIG. 1. Color online On the left, a diagram shows an atomic

to the evolution of its spin wave component during the stor- ensemble interacting with copropagating signal and control fields.

age phase of the process. We predict that the collapses and The signal helicity , resonant on the g e transition, is stored

revivals should be directly observable in measurements of and subsequently retrieved by variation of a control field helicity

the retrieved signal field as a function of storage time. , which resonantly couples levels g and e. A constant magnetic

We develop the theory of EIT in a degenerate atomic me- field B, oriented at an angle from the propagation axis, rotates the

dium with ground levels g and g, and excited level e, which atomic coherences during the storage. For each state g , m in level

have energies g 0, g, and e, respectively Fig. 1. g, there is either an associated configuration, as shown on the

The Zeeman states of level g are written g , m, where right, or an unconnected one, as discussed in the text. The signal

Fg m Fg; similar definitions hold for the other levels. connects the states g , m and e , m + , while the control field

All N atoms are assumed to be initially prepared in level g drives transitions between e , m + and g , m + .

RAPID COMMUNICATIONS

control, and magnetic fields. Our treatment can be extended

to an initially spin-polarized atomic sample, as we will report

d = 2w

N c

A e

2

2Fe + 1

2Fg + 1

, 3

in a separate publication. In this weak signal limit 1,15, the where w is the fraction of atoms in excited level e that spon-

signal field, which we assume propagates in the positive z taneously decay into ground level g, and A is the cross-

direction, and atomic coherence operators satisfy the quan- sectional area of the ensemble. When a control field is

tum Langevin equations present, an EIT window exists provided that the Clebsch-

, do not vanish for any

F

Gordan coefficients Cm+

g

Fg m Fg for which Cm 0. If, however, Cm+ , = 0,

= iN* CmQ e m+ ,

gm

+c 1a and Cm 0, it means that there is an excited state

t z m=Fg

e , m + not coupled by the control field to a state in the

ground level g, i.e., there is an unconnected lambda con-

gm figuration. The subset of atoms initially in the state g , m

Q Q ge mm+ ,

= itCm 1b

t g m would absorb the signal field and spontaneously emit radia-

tion as if there were no control field present. In order for EIT

1

t 2

gm gm

+ e Q e m F e m

to exist, one must make a judicious choice of atomic levels

and signal and control field polarizations.

Assuming a choice of polarizations that supports EIT, we

,Qg m + im+,m pCm , 1c

= itCm

gm are able to generalize the adiabatic treatment of Ref. 1 to

Eq. 1 to derive the DSP operator for helicity , with control

where the slowly varying dimensionless electric field polarization

field of helicity = 1 is given by z , t

tz,t N* RmQg m+ z,t

gm

ikak, expiqz + et, q = k e / c, and the

m

collective atomic coherence is defined Qs m z , t

s m

z,t = .

z t + Np2 Rm2

2

1 / NzN=1 sm,s m expis st z / c 16, where

m

= 1 , . . . , N z,

sm,s mis the th atom hyperfine coherence 4

operator, and Nz = Ndz / L is the number of atoms between z

As in Ref. 1, this operator obeys the simple propagation

and z + dz; L is the length of the sample. The control field is

assumed to have the circular polarization = 1 and real equation / t + vg / zz , t = 0 with the reduced group

Rabi frequency t, which is a specified function of time, velocity vg = c2 / 2 + Np2mRm2 that can be adia-

and is the coupling constant for the probe transition. We batically controlled by the time-dependent variation of t.

adopt the shorthand for the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients From the definition of , we see that as goes to zero, the

Cmg m+e ; it is useful to define

F 1F F 1F

Cm Cmg m+e and Cm wave excitation stops propagating and transforms into a par-

Rm = Cm / Cm+ ,. ticular linear combination of hyperfine coherences

gm

gm

The decay rate of level e is denoted by e and F e m is a mRmQg m+ z , t. This nontrivial result arises from

corresponding quantum noise operator. The coupling of the the treatment of the full degeneracy of the atomic ensemble;

atoms to the uniform magnetic field can be taken into ac- only this combination of hyperfine coherences is adiabati-

count by the addition of appropriate commutators with the cally transformed into the signal field via the control field

retrieval process. Orthogonal combinations of hyperfine co-

interaction VB in the atomic equations.

herences couple to optical coherences in the presence of the

We first establish some standard features of EIT with our

control field and result in excited state spontaneous emission;

model. The propagation of a classical coherent signal

we will refer to these as the bright-state polariton BSP

through the medium is found by dropping the quantum noise

component 15. It is also possible that some population of

operator, and replacing the field and coherence operators

atoms remains trapped in the ground states, and is unaffected

with their respective expectation values. For a constant am-

by the control field.

plitude control field, the linear susceptibility for the signal

In order to demonstrate the importance of the dark state

field of angular frequency is found to be

polariton in the signal storage and retrieval process in a mag-

eXm 2 , 2 + ie/2 netic field, we numerically solve Eqs. 1 for a coherent sig-

Cm+

2 2

cd

2 eL m 2 , 22 + e/22

2Cm+

, nal field. We thus calculate the expectation values of the spin

wave coherences Qggm m+

z , t and the signal field, allow-

2 ing us to determine the DSP and BSP components. This is

accomplished by defining a vector space of 2Fg + 2

where e is the detuning of the signal from atomic

resonance, and Xm Cm / 2Fe + 1 / 3. The dimensionless

dimensions, with orthonormal basis vectors em, each corre-

quantity d is the optical thickness, which is defined such that sponding to a hyperfine coherence Qggm m+

, and e corre-

expd is the on-resonance intensity transmittance in the sponding to the signal field. We define the coherence vector

v e + mN / pQg m+ z , tem. We note that this is

gm

absence of a control field, and can be expressed as

021803-2

RAPID COMMUNICATIONS

forward propagating signal field; the retrieved signal field

intensity is illustrated in panel B. In panel C, where the

storage time is TL / 2, pD undergoes a complete revival. The

energy of the retrieved signal field shown in panel D is

therefore much larger, by a factor of 5.73, than that in panel

B. This is in good agreement with the DSP theory for re-

trieval efficiency discussed later, which predicts that the re-

trieved signal energy of panel D should be 5.53 times that

in panel B. These results demonstrate the importance of the

adiabatic concept of DSP for a realistic experimental sce-

nario. The retrieved signal field directly reflects the DSP dy-

namics in the magnetic field.

We can predict the retrieval efficiency of a stored signal

FIG. 2. Color online Numerical results illustrate the storage pulse by tracking the population of the DSP as it evolves

and retrieval of a signal pulse from an atomic ensemble as de- under the influence of the magnetic field. To compute the

scribed in the text. We show results for two values of the magnetic polariton population, it is convenient to consider the Fourier

field oriented along the z axis. Panels A and B correspond to a components of the DSP. We express the polariton annihila-

magnetic field B = 0.267 G, so that the signal is stored for TL / 4, tion operator for the mode of wave number q as

where TL = 8 s is the Larmor period. Panels C and D show

itak, Np* RmSgm+q,t

gm

results for B = 0.535 G, corresponding to a signal storage time of

TL / 2, where TL = 4 s. The signal field intensity transmittance m

q,t = 5

+ Np

,

It / I0 solid line and control field Rabi frequency dot-dashed 2 2

R 2

m m

line, displayed in arbitrary units, are shown in panels B and D.

Panels A and C display scaled dark-state pD solid line and

where

bright-state pB dashed line polariton components, as explained in

Sgm 1/Np gm,gm

the text. In panel B the ratio of retrieved to input signal pulse gm

energy is 4.38% while in D the ratio is 25.09%.

not normalized since its magnitude is dependent on both the exp iqz + g gt z/c

time-dependent signal and control fields. Associated with the

DSP we define a vector u e + NpmRmem and is a collective spin wave annihilation operator of wave

the corresponding unit vector e = u / u. We then deter- number q. These operators obey quasibosonic commutation

gm gm

mine the DSP component pD = e v2, and BSP component relations Sg m1q , Sg m2q = m1m2mmqq + O1 / N, and

1 2

pB = v ee v2. 1 2

the DSP operators therefore also obey aq , a q

As an example of signal storage and retrieval we consider

an atomic sample of 85Rb, in which the control field and = qqaa + O1 / N. During the storage, the evolution

q , t

gm

signal field polarizations are chosen equal = = 1, and the of the spin wave operators is given by Sm+

optical thickness d = 8, Fig. 2. The atomic levels g, g, and g

F g g gm1

= m

Fg

=F m =F Dm mtDm+,m tSg m q , 0, where

e correspond to the 5S1/2F = 2 , 3, and 5P3/2F = 3 levels 1 g 2 g 1 2 2

s

of the D2 line, respectively. The spontaneous decay rate Dm,m t s , mexpigsB Fts , m is the matrix element

e / 2 = 5.98 MHz. The incident signal field has a Gaussian of the rotation operator for states in hyperfine level s, and

envelope of full width half maximum 120 ns, and the peak B BB / . Using the bosonic commutation relations for

enters the 3-mm-long sample at t = 60 ns. The control field the spin wave operators, we can calculate the number of

has a constant Rabi frequency = 1.5e until it is smoothly polaritons Nts = q q , tsq , ts as a function of

turned off at t = 0 over a period of 20 ns, when a fraction of storage time ts for an arbitrary DSP quantum state created in

the signal field is converted into hyperfine coherences the storage process. In the limit of infinite control field am-

of the atomic spin wave. The excitation is stored from plitude, this converts into the total number of photons in the

0 t 2 s in the presence of the magnetic field, before the retrieved signal field kak, ak,. We therefore derive an ex-

control field is reactivated, and the signal field retrieved. In pression for the signal retrieval efficiency as the fraction

Fig. 2, panels A and B, the magnetic field is chosen so

f ts Nts / N0,

that the storage time corresponds to a quarter of a Larmor

period TL 2 / ggBB, while in panels C and D, the Rm1Rm2

storage time is TL / 2. In panel A pD grows as the signal f ts = g

Dm m ts

pulse arrives at the point of observation, and reaches a peak m m

1 2 m Rm 2 2 1

2

the storage phase, due to Larmor precession of the hyperfine

g

coherences in the applied magnetic field, which causes the Dm +,m +ts . 6

1 2

corresponding growth of pB. When the control field is reac-

tivated, pB decays rapidly due to excited level coupling and

subsequent spontaneous emission, though pD remains finite In Fig. 3, we display the f ts as a function of ts for a variety

021803-3

RAPID COMMUNICATIONS

gm

Sg m+ merely picks up a phase factor that oscillates at

m + / 2 times twice the Larmor frequency, thus return-

ing the system to its initial state at half the Larmor period. In

this case, the partial revival is actually a full revival. On

the other hand, for = / 2, a rotation through half the

Larmor period causes the coherence transformation

gm g m

Sg m+ Sg m+ up to an overall phase factor. As a

result, for the choice of equal field polarizations = , the

retrieval efficiency at half the Larmor period simplifies to

mRmRm, / mRm22, resulting in a partial re-

vival. For other orientations of the magnetic field, particu-

larly for = / 4, the revival at half the Larmor period is

FIG. 3. Color online The DSP population fraction f ts cal-

culated for orientations of the magnetic field 0 / 2 over one

suppressed. This reflects the more complicated dynamics of

gm

Larmor period. These results illustrate collapses and revivals whose the individual spin coherences Sg m , each of which trans-

features are dependent on . The atomic configuration and field forms into a superposition of all 2Fg + 12Fg + 1 spin co-

polarizations and are described in the text. herences, with complex time-dependent coefficients gov-

erned by the rotation matrices. Stated physically, there is a

of magnetic field orientations. We again consider an en- strong destructive interference between the various spin co-

semble of 85Rb atoms with the same choice of atomic con- herences when / 4.

figuration and field polarizations discussed earlier. For We have developed a theory of the DSP as a mechanism

ts TL, we observe a collapse in the polariton population, to store and retrieve light pulses in a degenerate unpolarized

yielding an approximate retrieval efficiency of f ts atomic medium. The role of the DSP and its connection to

exp2 Lts2 / 2, where the collapse rate depends on storage retrieval efficiency have been verified by full numeri-

the angle, , between the magnetic field and the propagation cal solutions of the propagation equations for a classical in-

axis. For = 0, we find cident signal field. In the presence of a magnetic field, we

have demonstrated that the DSP population undergoes col-

Rm1Rm22 lapses and revivals during the pulse storage time. We predict

m Rm

2 = 0 = 4 m1 m22 . 7 that this polariton dynamics is directly reflected in the signal

2 2

m ,m

1 2

pulse retrieval efficiency. Our results may find applications

in quantum communication and computation approaches that

With the approximation gg = gg, valid for ground level al- utilize quantum memories 2,1719.

kalis, it is clear that the system undergoes a revival to the Note added. Recently, the collapses and revivals were ob-

initial state after a complete Larmor period, and thus the served 20, in excellent agreement with the predictions of

signal retrieval efficiency should equal the zero storage time this paper.

value. Depending on the orientation of the magnetic field, This work was supported by NASA, Office of Naval Re-

we observe also a partial revival at half the Larmor period. search, National Science Foundation, Research Corporation,

For a magnetic field oriented along the z axis, the system Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and Cullen-Peck Chair.

1 M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 11 H. Y. Ling, Y.-Q. Li, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1014

2000. 1996.

2 L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, I. J. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Nature 12 K.-J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett.

London 414, 413 2001. 66, 2593 1991.

3 M. D. Lukin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457 2003. 13 J. Schmiedmayer et al., J. Phys. II 4, 2029 1994.

4 M. Saffman and T. G. Walker, Phys. Rev. A 72, 049903E 14 G. A. Smith et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163602 2004.

2005. 15 M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 022314

5 D. F. Phillips et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783 2001. 2002.

6 C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 16 F. Haake et al., Phys. Rev. A 20, 2047 1979.

London 409, 490 2001. 17 H.-J. Briegel, W. Dr, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev.

7 A. Mair et al., Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802R 2002. Lett. 81, 5932 1998.

8 T. Chanelire et al., Nature London 438, 833 2005. 18 E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. Milburn, Nature London 409,

9 S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50, 736 1997. 46 2001.

10 M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics Cambridge 19 Y. L. Lim et al., Phys. Rev. A 73, 012304 2006.

University Press, Cambridge, 1997. 20 D. N. Matsukevich et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033601 2006.

021803-4

- Astrophysics Lesson PlanDiunggah olehwanaimran
- Phys 481 Homework 1 SolutionsDiunggah olehJeffSchueler
- W 16 17539 2016 Winter Model Answer PaperDiunggah olehYogesh Chaudhari
- art10Diunggah olehAndres Mendoza Perez
- Is Full Employment Feasible? Analysis of the Jobs Creation Rate for Brazil (1997-2011) and brief comparison with SwedenDiunggah olehVJLaxmanan
- Spins SLips HolmiumDiunggah olehFábio Henrique Silva Sales
- Hukum MagnetDiunggah olehRaihan Nur Mahdiy
- Full TextDiunggah olehrajendra verma
- Appendix dDiunggah olehMsAnn000
- Document(3)Diunggah olehSion Halim
- DESIGN OF CMOS TRANSCEIVER FOR MICRO-NMR SPECTROMETER - JAEHYUP KIMDiunggah olehfergusonise
- Final PaperDiunggah olehPrincess Rajni
- CompGenHologr&3DvisualCommunDiunggah olehAnonymous FGY7go
- 7a6i3-0e7yyDiunggah olehMohsin Muhammad
- Sergey A Reshetnyak and Tat'yana A Homenko- Interface coupling properties and reflection of bulk spin waves from biaxial multilayer ferromagnetic mediaDiunggah olehTellusz4532
- 2018_Rothhardt_IOPDiunggah olehSampada Bhootna
- EC305Diunggah olehapi-3853441
- Recent Trends in Retardation FilmsDiunggah olehJeevan Jalli
- Quantum Properties of LightDiunggah olehnehaanees
- Wave OpticsDiunggah olehVaibhav Singh
- leph202.pdfDiunggah olehRohit Ghere
- Tutorial 1Diunggah olehSarabjeet Kaur
- Tv Light and Its Effects on BiologyDiunggah olehdiligentpurpose
- New Text DocumentDiunggah olehmihayytza
- Pico ProjectorDiunggah olehcotechecs
- EMwaves_part4Diunggah olehsjit
- Universal EnergyDiunggah olehapi-3709572
- Schrodinger Cat States Prepared by Bloch OscillationDiunggah olehAnderson Buarque
- 69938Above ground pool lightsDiunggah olehvagina30k8
- 3D TV ReportDiunggah olehmohit_vaidya24

- Stratigraphy Lect 1Diunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Part2 Salt IntrusionsDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Part1_Heat Conduction.pdfDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT GEOLOGY 050_RESERVOIR ENGINEERING.pdfDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Pesgb PaperDiunggah olehZaki R. Fajri
- METAMORFICAS.pdfDiunggah olehEdwin Apaza Checca
- BGS_Superficial.pdfDiunggah olehHolisterf05LP
- IgneousDiunggah olehalfonsxxx
- 04-MScREM2Diunggah olehLuis Mancilla
- Flujo Radia y Well Testing.pdfDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Wellbore Storage.pdfDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Well TestingDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Wellbore Storage.pdfDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Well Testing Mejores PracticasDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- APLICACIONES DE LA INGENIERIA DE RESERVORIOS Luciane Cunha.pdfDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Classic Water Flooding Predictive ModelsDiunggah olehjohndo3
- C06 Fault Modeling 2004[1]Diunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- EAGE2007 HDHR PorePressureLogoWebDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Ndx StrandDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- CAREC_09_WaterfloodDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Properties of Water Mccain (1990)Diunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- PRMS Development Process SlidesDiunggah olehVictor Aquino Hancco
- Intro(2008)Diunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- LogSemivar.xlsDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Log PartitioningDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque
- Coin TossDiunggah olehJuan Chiroque

- Waves.docxDiunggah olehBilal Shahid
- 150828Diunggah olehMuharry Habib
- Evaluation of the Saharan Aerosol Impact on Solar Radiation Over the Tamanrasset Area, Algeria_norestrictionDiunggah olehIAEME Publication
- PHY101 04 FinalDiunggah olehPengintai
- Eligible Programmes Si Scholarships for Global Professionals 2019Diunggah olehSajjad Hossain Shuvo
- PRU03Diunggah olehPaul Mathew
- lec12_2012Diunggah olehjesi5445
- Coursera - ThermodynamicsDiunggah olehCarlos Manuel Romero Luna
- Laminar & Turbulent Flow in PipesDiunggah olehDhananjay Kadam
- Electricity and Magnetism (Part2)Diunggah olehShinji
- Volume and thermal studies for tellurite glassesDiunggah olehM.M. El Hawary
- Fluid Mechanics PresentationDiunggah olehDishank Upadhyay
- Ieee StandardsDiunggah olehShrikant Kajale
- Resistance of a Wire - Sample Answers_0Diunggah olehShivana Vicky
- Eficiencia termicaDiunggah olehWaldinho Gaucho da Silva
- ANSYS-Mechanical-APDL-Theory-Reference.pdfDiunggah olehNam Vo
- Atomic Structure (Grade 10) TestDiunggah olehs
- What is Nuclear EnergyDiunggah olehShradha Gupta
- g485 5 1 3 electromagnetism bDiunggah olehapi-236179294
- Ferroresonance and Its CausesDiunggah olehelectrificatorbbb
- Developement of Electron Microscopy-ruska-lectureDiunggah olehharish_158
- MAGNETIC LEVITATION TRAIN synopsis .docxDiunggah olehAnuj Tripathi
- 9005_A000.pdfDiunggah olehPOLPME
- MEC910_Mid Term_Sem I 08-09Diunggah olehsh1999
- Conferencia Trombly en Ingles PDFDiunggah olehPercy Tacar
- ECO-VDiunggah olehfiguera20
- CoulsonDiunggah olehStefani Ann Cabalza
- PHYSICS 72 2ND LE SAMPLEXDiunggah olehCharmaine Coleta
- A2 Unit 4 Topic 2 Electric and Magnetic FieldsDiunggah olehattzsd
- CHEM4471 Chapter 2 - Fundamentals of Het Cat MechanismDiunggah olehahlam23a

## Lebih dari sekadar dokumen.

Temukan segala yang ditawarkan Scribd, termasuk buku dan buku audio dari penerbit-penerbit terkemuka.

Batalkan kapan saja.