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ENG-210-DESIGN AID UT210-14-01

NRCS NEH 636 chap. 52 Buried Pipeline Design Calculations Ver. 3/18/11

Solid Wall HDPE Pipe

Project Name:
Project Location/Description:
Date:
Designer:

Fill height above top of pipe H 30 in
Water height above top of pipe Hw 0 in
Soil Density gs 120 lbs/ft3 Load Class Pl, lb
Vehicle Load on pipe (NEH 636, 52-7) Pl 10,000 lbs Field Equipment 10,000
Impact Factor (NEH 636, 52-8) If 1.1 H15 12,000
Pressure from the fill above the pipe Ps 2.1 psi H20 16,000
Hydrostatic pressure above the pipe PG 0.0 psi
Vacuum pressure in the pipe (0 to 5 psi typical) Pv 0 psi
Wheel Load Felt by the pipe Pw 3.6 psi
Total External Pressure on pipe P 6 psi

Pipeline Information (Solid Wall HDPE)

Input nominal diameter of Pipe 10 in
Input Standard Dimension Ratio SDR 17
Input the Pipe Pressure Rating PR 100 psi
Pipe Modulus of Elasticity, short term (NEH 636, 52-6) E 110,000 psi
Pipe Modulus of Elasticity, long term (NEH 636, 52-12) Elong 22,000 psi
Section Modulus, (Pipe Wall Moment of Inertia) Ipw 0.0002 in4/in
Input Pipe Wall Thickness t 0.140 in
Input Pipe Outside Diameter OD 10.200 in
Pipe Inside Diameter ID 9.92 in
Mean Diameter Dm 10.06 in
Actual Pipe Wall Area Aapw 0.140 in2/in

Wall Crushing
Thrust in Pipe wall Tpw 349.54 lb/ft
Required Wall Area (long term) Apw 0.036 in2/in Pipe wall will not crush
Actual Pipe Wall Area Aapw 0.14 in2/in

Deflection (%DX/D<=7.5% for pipes other than spillway conduits)

Deflection Lag Factor (NEH 636, 52-11 [1.0 to 1.5]) DL 1
Bedding Constant (NEH 636, 52-11 [0.1]) K 0.1
Modulus of soil reaction (see table on Soil Modulus tab) E' 400
Deflection %D X/D 1.35 % Deflection is within limits

Buckling
Buckling Factor of Safety (NEH 636, 52-11) FS 2.5
Water Buoyancy factor (NEH 636, 52-11) Rw 1
Coefficient of Elastic Support (NEH 636, 52-11) B' 0.653
Buckling Reduction Factor (NEH 636, 52-12) C 0.886
Wall Buckling Critical Pressure qa 2.230 psi Buckling will not occur
Pressure Applied by Permanent Loads Pp 2 psi

Strain (eall<=5%)
Hoop Strain eh 0.00187 in/in
Vertical decrease in diameter DY 0.13582 in
Flexural Strain ef 0.00245 in/in Pipe Strain is not a
Combined Strain e 0.43 % problem
ENG-210-DESIGN AID UT210-14-01

NRCS NEH 636 chap. 52 Buried Pipeline Design Calculations Ver. 3/18/11

PVC Pipe
Project Name:
Project Location/Description:
Date:
Designer:

Fill height above top of pipe H 30 in
Water height above top of pipe Hw 0 in
Soil Density gs 120 lbs/ft3 Load Class Pl, lb
Vehicle Load on pipe (NEH 636, 52-7) Pl 10,000 lbs Field Equipment 10,000
Impact Factor (NEH 636, 52-8) If 1.1 H15 12,000
Pressure from the fill above the pipe Ps 2.1 psi H20 16,000
Hydrostatic pressure above the pipe PG 0.0 psi
Vacuum pressure in the pipe (0 to 5 psi typical) Pv 1 psi
Wheel Load Felt by the pipe Pw 3.6 psi
Total External Pressure on pipe P 7 psi

Pipeline Information (PVC)

Input nominal diameter of Pipe 2 in
Input PVC Sizing and Material Description PIP
Input PVC Material Designation 1120
Input Standard Dimension Ratio SDR 51
Input the Pipe Pressure Rating PR 80 psi
Pipe Modulus of Elasticity, short term (NEH 636, 52-6) E 400,000 psi
Pipe Modulus of Elasticity, long term (NEH 636, 52-12) Elong 140,000 psi
Section Modulus, (Pipe Wall Moment of Inertia) Ipw 0.0003 in4/in
Input Pipe Wall Thickness t 0.160 in
Input Pipe Outside Diameter OD 8.160 in
Pipe Inside Diameter ID 7.84 in
Mean Diameter Dm 8 in
Actual Pipe Wall Area Aapw 0.160 in2/in

Wall Crushing
Thrust in Pipe wall Tpw 328.59 lb/ft
Required Wall Area (long term) Apw 0.014 in2/in Pipe wall will not crush
Actual Pipe Wall Area Aapw 0.16 in2/in

Deflection (%DX/D<=7.5% for pipes other than spillway conduits)

Deflection Lag Factor (NEH 636, 52-11 [1.0 to 1.5]) DL 1
Bedding Constant (NEH 636, 52-11 [0.1]) K 0.1
Modulus of soil reaction (see table on Soil Modulus tab) E' 400
Deflection %D X/D 2.53 % Deflection is within limits

Buckling
Buckling Factor of Safety (NEH 636, 52-11) FS 2.5
Water Buoyancy factor (NEH 636, 52-11) Rw 1
Coefficient of Elastic Support (NEH 636, 52-11) B' 0.657
Buckling Reduction Factor (NEH 636, 52-12) C 0.797
Wall Buckling Critical Pressure qa 8.672 psi Buckling will not occur
Pressure Applied by Permanent Loads Pp 2 psi

Strain (eall<=5%)
Hoop Strain eh 0.00042 in/in
Strain Calculations not
Vertical decrease in diameter DY 0.20236 in required for PVC pipe (NEH
636, 52-13)
ENG-210-DESIGN AID UT210-14-01
Strain Calculations not
required for PVC pipe (NEH
Flexural Strain ef 0.00157 in/in 636, 52-13)
Combined Strain e 0.20 %
ENG-210-DESIGN AID UT210-14-01

NRCS NEH 636 chap. 52 Buried Pipeline Design Calculations Ver. 3/18/11

HDPE Corrugated Outside, Smooth Interior

Project Name:
Project Location/Description:
Date:
Designer:

Fill height above top of pipe H 24 in
Water height above top of pipe Hw 0 in
Soil Density gs 120 lbs/ft3 Load Class Pl, lb
Vehicle Load on pipe (NEH 636, 52-7) Pl 10,000 lbs Field Equipment 10,000
Impact Factor (NEH 636, 52-8) If 1.1 H15 12,000
Pressure from the fill above the pipe Ps 1.7 psi H20 16,000
Hydrostatic pressure above the pipe PG 0.0 psi
Vacuum pressure in the pipe (0 to 5 psi typical) Pv 1 psi
Wheel Load Felt by the pipe Pw 5.7 psi
Total External Pressure on pipe P 8 psi

Select diameter of Pipe 15 in
Dimension Ratio DR 417
Pipe Modulus of Elasticity, short term (ADS) E 110,000 psi
Pipe Modulus of Elasticity, long term (NEH 636, 52-12) Elong 22,000 psi
Section Modulus, (Pipe Wall Moment of Inertia) Ipw 0.055 in4/in
Inner Liner thickness t 0.039 in
Outside Diameter OD 17.57 in
Inside Diameter ID 14.98 in
Mean Diameter Dm 16.275 in
Actual Pipe Wall Area Aapw 0.272 in2/in

Wall Crushing
Thrust in Pipe wall Tpw 878.74 lb/ft
Required Wall Area (short term) Apw 0.024 in2/in Pipe wall will not crush
Required Wall Area (long term) Apw 0.081 in2/in Pipe wall will not crush
Actual Pipe Wall Area Aapw 0.272 in2/in

Deflection (%DX/D<=7.5% for pipes other than spillway conduits)

Deflection Lag Factor (NEH 636, 52-11 [1.0 to 1.5]) DL 1
Bedding Constant (NEH 636, 52-11 [0.1]) K 0.1
Pipe Stiffness (ADS information) PS 42
Modulus of soil reaction (see table on Soil Modulus tab) E' 400
Deflection %D X/D 2.72 % Deflection is within limits

Buckling
Buckling Factor of Safety (NEH 636, 52-11) FS 3
Water Buoyancy factor (NEH 636, 52-11) Rw 1
Coefficient of Elastic Support (NEH 636, 52-11) B' 0.619
Buckling Reduction Factor (NEH 636, 52-12) C 0.784
Wall Buckling Critical Pressure qa 10.982 psi Buckling will not occur
Pressure Applied by Permanent Loads Pp 2 psi

Strain (eall<=5%)
Hoop Strain eh 0.00227 in/in
Vertical decrease in diameter DY 0.44250 in
Flexural Strain ef 0.00039 in/in
Combined Strain e 0.27 % Pipe Strain is not a problem
Allowable
Hydrostatic long-term Short-term
Grade Designation basis (psi) stress (psi) (psi) designation
1120 4000 2000 6400 12454
1220 4000 2000 6400 12454
2120 4000 2000 6400 14333
2116 3200 1600 5000 14333
2112 2500 1250 5000 14333
2110 2000 1000 5000 14333

PIP
IPS
Sch 40
Sch 80
Pipe Type Pipe Description ID (in) OD (in) t (liner) (in) I (in4/in)
HDPE corrugated outside, smooth interior 4 4.1 4.78 0.02 0.0006
6 6 6.92 0.02 0.0021
8 7.9 9.11 0.024 0.005
10 9.9 11.36 0.024 0.008
12 12.15 14.45 0.035 0.035
15 14.98 17.57 0.039 0.055
18 18.07 21.2 0.051 0.081
24 24.08 27.8 0.059 0.137
30 30 35.1 0.059 0.277
36 36 41.7 0.067 0.4
42 41.4 47.7 0.1 0.572
48 47.6 53.6 0.1 0.57
60 59.6 65.5 0.13 0.812
HDPE corrugated in and out 3 3.12 3.66 0.168987 0.0004
4 4.03 4.71 0.229281 0.001
5 4.99 5.81 0.256465 0.0014
6 5.95 6.92 0.323051 0.0028
8 8.14 9.45 0.429809 0.0066
10 10.05 11.83 0.524487 0.012
12 12.04 14.41 0.725564 0.0318
15 14.87 17.49 0.736048 0.0332
18 17.86 21.04 0.919648 0.0648
24 23.61 27.5 1.164928 0.1318
compressive Stress
Tensile Strength Dimension Ratio (from Hancor literature)
c (in) I/c s1 (psi) s2 (psi) DR Stiffness E (psi) E tabulatedshort (psi)
0.12 0.005 3200 1600 222 50 135652.4 110000 3000
0.19 0.011053 3200 1600 323 50 119373.6 110000 3000
0.25 0.02 3200 1600 354.375 50 114415 110000 3000
0.3 0.026667 3200 1600 442.9167 50 139617.5 110000 3000
0.43 0.081395 3200 1600 380 50 62505.3 110000 3000
0.52 0.105769 3200 1600 417.3077 42 61222.29 110000 3000
0.57 0.142105 3200 1600 385 40 69522.86 110000 3000
0.74 0.185135 3200 1600 439.661 34 80561.63 110000 3000
0.86 0.322093 3200 1600 551.6949 28 64832.27 110000 3000
1 0.4 3200 1600 579.8507 22 59978.52 110000 3000
1.21 0.472727 3200 1600 445.5 20 57495.92 110000 3000
1.17 0.487179 3200 1600 506 18 76086.77 110000 3000
1.43 0.567832 3200 1600 481.1538 14 78471.85 110000 3000
0.117 0.003419 3200 1600 20.06071 35 63396.77 110000 3000
0.169 0.005917 3200 1600 19.05961 35 54321.57 110000 3000
0.188 0.007447 3200 1600 21.05551 35 73211.83 110000 3000
0.245 0.011429 3200 1600 19.91946 35 61946.34 110000 3000
0.318 0.020755 3200 1600 20.46258 35 67095.22 110000 3000
0.441 0.027211 3200 1600 20.85848 35 71022.95 110000 3000
0.625 0.05088 3200 1600 18.22721 50 67637.86 110000 3000
0.585 0.056752 3200 1600 21.98225 42 99656.75 110000 3000
0.788 0.082234 3200 1600 21.14939 40 84470.25 110000 3000
0.999 0.131932 3200 1600 21.93697 34 80066.55 110000 3000

N12 pipe
compressive Stress
(from Hancor literature)
Long (psi) Area (in2/in)
900 0.063
900 0.085
900 0.108
900 0.137
900 0.217
900 0.272
900 0.273
900 0.324
900 0.378
900 0.401
900 0.458
900 0.495
900 0.675
900
900
900
900
900
900
900
900
900
900