Anda di halaman 1dari 29

TEMUPDATE:SECTION4.4.8.

1
STORMWATERMANAGEMENTFOR
CONSTRUCTIONPROJECTS EROSION&
SEDIMENTCONTROL

Course#PDH20140126 EllenKubek,CPESC/CPSWQ/CMS4S
1PDH(PE/LA) EnvironmentalScienceBureau
October1,2014
TEM 4.4.8.1 Stormwater Management for
Construction Projects Erosion & Sediment Control

Federal
CleanWaterAct402(NPDES)
23CFR605.203(FHWAPolicy)
TEM 4.4.8.1 Stormwater Management for
Construction Projects Erosion & Sediment Control

State
NYSEnvironmentalConservationLawArticle17,
Titles7and8,andArticle70(SPDES)
Clean Water Act Section 402

CleanWaterAct402 NationalPollutant
DischargeEliminationSystem(NPDES)
regulatesconstructionsiteoperators
disturbingoneormoreacresoflandand
dischargingstormwatertowatersoftheUS
EPAhasdelegatedadministrationand
enforcementofNPDEStoNYSDepartmentof
EnvironmentalConservation
ECL Article 17 and Article 70

Unlikemanyotherstates,thereisnoErosion
andSedimentControlLaw inNewYorkState
ECLArticle17,Titles7and8,andArticle70
establishedStatePollutantDischarge
EliminationSystem(SPDES)generalpermits
SPDESGeneralPermitforStormwater
DischargesfromConstructionActivityrequires
ErosionandSedimentControlPlansforall
soildisturbingactivitiesofoneacreormore
23 CFR 650.203

ItisthepolicyoftheFederalHighway
Administration(FHWA)thatallhighways
fundedinwholeorinpartundertitle23,
UnitedStatesCode,shallbelocated,designed,
constructedandoperatedaccordingto
standardsthatwillminimizeerosionand
sedimentdamage tothehighwayand
adjacentpropertiesandabatepollutionof
surfaceandgroundwaterresources.
23 CFR 650.203

FHWAPolicyappliestoallfederallyfunded
projectsregardlessofacreageofsoil
disturbance.
TEM 4.4.8.1 Erosion and
Sediment Control

Section4.4.8.1includesproceduresfor
preparingErosionandSedimentControlPlans
NYSDOTprojectsthatrequireE&SCPlansmust
ensurecompliancewithinvolvedagencies
regulations,includingtheNYSDEC,USACE,
USFWS,FHWA,EPA,andtheAdirondackPark
Agency(APA).
General Permit for Stormwater
Discharges from Construction Activity

Forprojectswithoneacreormoreofsoil
disturbance DOTmustfileaNoticeofIntent
(NOI)withNYSDECpriortocommencingsoil
disturbingactivity,andmustpreparea
StormwaterPollutionPreventionPlan
(SWPPP)thatincludesErosionandSediment
Controlmeasuresand,inmanycases,
StormwaterManagementPractices.
Erosion and Sediment Control Plan

StepstodevelopinganE&SCPlan
1) Determineiftheprojectinvolvesclearingand
grubbing,grading,filling,washing,orexcavation
2) PerformaPreconstructionSiteAssessmentto
DeterminethePotentialforErosionand
Sedimentation
3) DesigntheHighwayProjecttoMinimizethe
PotentialforErosionandSedimentation
4) DevelopanEffectiveE&SCPlantoMinimizeor
PreventErosionandSedimentation
Erosion and Sediment Control Plan

StepstodevelopinganE&SCPlan
5) Identifythelocationofsensitiveonsiteand
adjacentoffsitenaturalandmanmaderesources
6) Showonthecontractplansthelimitsofearthwork,
andexistingandproposedcontours
7) Identifythetemporaryandpermanentstructural
andvegetativemeasurestobeusedforeachstage
oftheproject
8) Showthespecificlocations,sizesandlengthsof
eachrequirederosionandsedimentcontrolpractice
Erosion and Sediment Control Plan

StepstodevelopinganE&SCPlan
9) Providematerial,dimensional,andinstallation
detailsforallerosionandsedimentcontrolpractices
andfacilities
10) Identifypracticesthatwillbecomepermanent
11) Provideastagingscheduleincludingtimingand
durationofpracticeplacement
12) Provideamaintenanceschedule
13) Containsedimentonsite
Erosion and Sediment Control Plan

1) Determineiftheprojectinvolvesclearingand
grubbing,grading,filling,washing,orexcavation
o No E&SCPlan
notneeded.
o Yes continue
toStep2.
Erosion and Sediment Control Plan

2) PerformaPreconstructionSiteAssessmentto
DeterminethePotentialforErosionand
Sedimentation
o Sitecharacteristics/location
o Soiltypes/erodibility /permeability
o Topography/slopes
o Drainagepatterns/dischargepoints
o Climateandseasonofproposedconstruction
o Sensitivenaturalandmanmaderesources
o Vegetation
Erosion and Sediment Control Plan

3) DesigntheHighwayProjecttoMinimizethe
PotentialforErosionandSedimentation
o Minimizeimpactsbymaintainingvegetative
coverwhereverpossible
o Maintainnaturaldrainageareas
o Divertsurfacewaterawayfromexposedsoils
o ProvidesufficientROWtoaccommodate
temporaryandpermanentE&SCmeasures
o Minimizeslopelengthsandsteepness
Erosion and Sediment Control Plan

4) DevelopanEffectiveE&SCPlantoMinimizeor
PreventErosionandSedimentation
o Placeemphasisonerosionprevention insteadof
sedimentcontrol
o Limittheareaanddurationofdisturbancethat
occursatanyonetime
o Keepwaterleavingthesitecleanbyisolating
disturbedlandareasfromincomingrunoff
o Useappropriateerosionandsedimentcontrol
measures
Erosion and Sediment Control Plan

o Useappropriateerosionandsedimentcontrol
measures
Markclearinglimits
Stabilizeconstructionaccesspoints
Controlstormwaterflowrates
Stabilizesurfacesoilsandstockpiledsoil
Installsedimentcontrolpractices containsediment
asclosetothesourceaspracticable
ProtectslopeswithRECPorpipedrains
Erosion and Sediment Control Plan

o Useappropriateerosionandsedimentcontrol
measures
Protectstormdraininlets
Stabilizetemporarydrainageconveyancesandoutlets
Controlpollutants
Protectadjacentproperties donotincreaserunoff
volumesorvelocities
Includedewateringpracticesfortheinstallationof
undergroundutilitiesandbridgeandculvertwork
Erosion and Sediment Control

ConstructionConsiderations
Constructionconditionsareunpredictable
E&SCPlanmustbeflexibleandopento
modifications
Contractor(s)shouldkeepextramaterialson
hand,suchassiltfence,woodormetalstakes,
lightstone,seed,andstrawmulch,forrepairsor
stabilizationonshortnotice
Extra rock on hand
saved the pond
below the swale
from filling in with
sand

Silt fence
stockpiled for
repairs
Erosion and Sediment Control

The ultimate goal? Keep sediment on site


Limittheareaofdisturbanceoccurringatonetime
Isolatedisturbedareasfromincomingrunoff divert
wateraroundconstructionareas
Stabilizedisturbedareasassoonaspracticable
Donotusefillwithcolloidalsizedparticles theyare
difficulttokeepinplaceandnearlyimpossibleto
removefromwaterbodies
Followinspectionandmaintenanceschedules
Erosion and Sediment Control

OperationsGuidance
Ditchcleaning
Culvertcleaning
Stormdamagerepairs
Erosion and Sediment Control

Ditchcleaning
Avoidcleaningduringorbeforerainevents
Maintainoriginallineandgrade
Workuphilltominimizeerosionandflooding
Installcheckdamstoreducewatervelocity
Leaveanunscraped1meterplugatbottomof
slopestoreduceerosion
Donotsidecastremovedmaterial
Immediatelyseedandmulch
Erosion and Sediment Control

Culvertcleaning
Removesedimentandvegetativematerialinamanner
thatdoesnotcauseturbidityinwaterways
Usestructuralsedimentcontrolmeasureswhen
workinginstreams
Leavebeddingmaterialinrecessedculvertstoprovide
fishpassage
Removalinexcessof15metersrequiresaPCNtothe
USACE
Erosion and Sediment Control

Stormdamagerepairs
Usestructuralsedimentcontrolmeasuressuchas
jerseybarriersorcofferdamswhenworkinginor
nearstreams
Dewaterstreamswheneverpossible
Regrade,reseed,andapplymulchorRolledErosion
ControlProducts
Erosion and Sediment Control Plan

GuidanceManuals
HighwayDesignManualChapter8AppendixB
EnvironmentalHandbookforTransportation
Operations
HighwayMaintenanceGuidelines
Section209ofStandardSpecifications
NYSDECStandardsandSpecificationsforErosion
andSedimentControl
Erosion and Sediment Control Plan

WhenindoubtasktheOfficeofEnvironment
StormwaterTeamforassistance
(itsOctober1st HappyWaterNewYear!)
Contact Information

OfficeofEnvironment
EnvironmentalScienceBureau

EllenKubek,CPESC/CPSWQ/CMS4S
(518)4859161
Ellen.Kubek@dot.ny.gov
QUESTIONS