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izLrqr ikB pk.kD; }kjk jfpr pk.kD;uhfr rFkk ukjk;.k if.Mr iz.khr

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fgrksins'k ls ladfyr fd;k x;k gSA eg"k pk.kD; }kjk dgs x,

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eqkQd i| thou dks ewY;oku cukus osQ fy, ije mi;ksxh gSaA i|

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la[;k ,d ls rhu esa & fdl LFkku ij fuokl djuk pkfg,] dkSu

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euq"; dk lPpk fe=k gS rFkk xq.kksa dh mi;ksfxrk dk o.kZu gSA i|

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la[;k pkj ls vkB fgrdkjh mins'kksa dks lwfpr djrs gSa ;Fkk ew[kZ

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O;fDr dk izoh.k gksuk] euLoh O;fkQ dk O;ogkj] iq#"k osQ Ng nks"kksa

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dk o.kZu rFkk lkalkfjd thoulq[kksa osQ o.kZuA thou dks e/qj rFkk
ms';iw.kZ cukus osQ fy, dfri; ewY;ksa dh vko';drk gksrh gS vkSj
;s uhfrijd i| rFkk fgrdkjh mins'k thou dks lqlaLr ,oa lkFkZd

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cukus esa mi;ksxh rFkk lgk;d fl gksaxsA

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;fLeu~ ns'ks u lEekuks u o`fkuZ p ckU/ok%A
u p fo|kxe% df'pn~ okla r=k u dkj;sr~AA1AA

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vkrqjs O;lus izkIrs nqHk{ks 'k=kqladVsA

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dksfrHkkj% leFkkZuka d nwja O;olkf;uke~A

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dks fons'k% lfo|kuka dksfiz;% fiz;okfnuke~AA3AA

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dkp% dkpulalxkZn~ /ks ekjdrha |qfre~A
rFkk lRlf/kusu ew[kksZ ;kfr izoh.krke~AA4AA
oqQlqeLrcdL;so };h o`fkeZufLou%A
losZ"kka ewu ok fr"Bsn~ fo'kh;sZr ousFkokAA5AA
16 HkkLorh

/ukfu thfora pSo ijkFksZ izkK mRl`tsr~A


lffeka oja R;kxks fouk'ks fu;rs lfrAA6AA
"kM~nks"kk% iq#"ks.ksg gkrO;k HkwfrfePNrkA

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funzk rUnzk Hk;a ks/ vkyL;a nh?kZlw=krkAA7AA

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o';'p iq=kksFkZdjh p fo|k "kM~ thoyksdL; lq[kkfu jktu~!AA8AA

R T lis 'kCnkFkkZ% fVIi.;'p

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fo|kxe% & fo|k;k% vkxe%] "k"Bh rRiq#"k lekl] fo|k dh izkfIrA

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o`fk% & o`r~ $ fkQu~] vkthfodkA

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'k=kqladVs & 'k=kks% ladV% rfLeu~] "k"Bh rRiq#"k] 'k=kq dk ladV gksus ijA

C p
O;olkf;uke~ & O;olk; $ f.kfu] "k c o] m|e'khyksa osQ fy,A
/ks & /kj.k djrk gSA

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lRlf/kusu & lrka lf/kue~] rsu] "k"Bh rRiq#"k] lTtuksa dh laxfr lsA
oqQlqeLrcd% & oqQlqekuka Lrcd%] "k"Bh rRiq#"k] iwQyksa dk xqPNkA

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fo'kh;Zrs & fo $ k` $ deZokP; fo fy~ iz iq , o] u"V gksoAs
mRl`tsr~ & R;kx nsA
lffeka & Js"B y{; osQ fy,A

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nh?kZlw=krk & nh?kZlw=k $ ry~] L=kh iz , o] dk;Z osQ fo"k; esa
vf/d le; rd lksprs jguk] le; ij dk;Z u djukA

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vFkkZxe% & vFkZL; vkxe%] "k"Bh rRiq#"k] /u dh izkfIrA

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fiz;okfnuh & fiz; cksyus okyhA

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vjksfxrk & fdlh izdkj osQ jksx dk u gksuk (uhjksx gksuk)A

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vH;kl%

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(d) v;a ikB% dkH;ka xzUFkkH;ka ladfyr%\
([k) oqQ=k okl% u dkZO;%\
lwfkQlq/k 17

(x) ckUko% oqQ=k oqQ=k fr"Bfr\


(?k) dkp% dL; lalxkZr~ ekjdrhe~ |qr /ksA
() izkK% ijkFksZ de~ fda mRl`tsr~\

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(p) ew[kZ% dFke~ izoh.krke~ ;kfr\
(N) i#"ks.k osQ "kM~ nks"kk% gkrO;k%\

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(t) thoyksdL; "kV~ lq[kkfu dkfu lfUr\

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2- fjkQLFkkuiwr% f;rke~

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(d) ;% ------------------------ fr"Bfr l% ckU/o%A

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([k) thoyksdL; ------------------------ "kV~ lq[kkfu HkofUrA

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(x) eufLou% ------------------------ bo };h o`fk% HkofrA
(?k) "kM~nks"kk% ------------------------ gkrO;k%A

E b
() lfUufeka oja R;kxks ------------------------ lfrA

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3- v/ksfyf[kr;ks% i|ka'k;ks% ekr`Hkk"k;k HkkokFkZe~ fy[kr

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(d) dksfiz;% fiz;okfnuke~A

N re
([k) lffeka oja R;kxks fouk'ks fu;rs lfrA
(x) losZ"kka ewu ok fr"Bsn~ fo'kh;sZr ousFkokA

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4- d&HkkxLFkinS% lg [k&HkkxL;kFkkZuka esyua fozQ;rke~
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fo|kxe% fonq"kke~
O;lus 'kksHkke~
lfo|kuke~ fo|kizkfIr%

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|qfre~ iq"ixqPNL;

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oqQlqeLrcdL; foikkS

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ewu dY;k.ke~
Hkwfre~ f'kjfl

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5- mnkgj.kkuqlkja foxzginkfu vk/`R; leLrinkfu jp;r

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foxzginkfu leLrinkfu
;Fkk& fo|k;k% vkxe% fo|kxe%
jkK% }kjs ------------------------
lrka lfUu/kusu ------------------------
18 HkkLorh

dkpuL; lalxkZr~ ------------------------


vFkZL; vkxe% ------------------------
thfork; bne~ ------------------------
------------------------

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u jksfxrk
vFkZe~ djksfr ;k lk ------------------------

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6- v/kssfyf[krs"kq 'kCns"kq izfrizR;;ks% foPNsna oqQ#r

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izkIrs] izoh.krke~] o`fk%] fu;rs] gkrO;kA

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;ksX;rkfoLrkj%

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lekukUrj'yksdk%

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(1) ikikfUuokj;fr ;kst;rs fgrk;

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xqg~;a fuxwg;fr xq.kkUizdVhdjksfrA

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vkin~xra p u tgkfr nnkfr dkys

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lfUe=ky{k.kfena izonfUr lUr%AA

N re
(uhfr'krde~&73)
(2) eufl opfl dk;s iq.;ih;w"kiw.kkZ%
f=kHkqoueqidkjJsf.kfHk% izh.k;Ur%A

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ijxq.kijek.kwu~ ioZrhR; fuR;a
futfn fodlUr% lfUr lUr% fd;Ur%AA

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(uhfr'krde~&79)
(3) egktuL; lalxZ% dL; uksUufrdkjd%A

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ii=kfLFkra okfj /ks eqkQkiQyfJ;e~AA

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(lqHkkf"krjRuHkk.Mkxkje~&90@2)
(4) lalkjdVqo`{kL; }s iQys e`rksiesA

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lqHkkf"kra p lqLoknq laxfr% lqtus tusAA

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(pk.kD;uhfrniZ.k%)
(5) larIrk;fl lafLFkrL; i;lks ukekfi u Jw;rs

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eqDrkdkjr;k rnso ufyuhi=kfLFkra jktrsA
LokR;ka lkxj'kqfDre;ifrra rTtk;rs ekSfDrde~
izk;s.kk/ee;ekskexq.k% lalXkZrks tk;rsAA
(HkrZ`gfjuhfr'krde~)
lwfkQlq/k 19

(6) lR;a czw;kfRiz;a czw;kr~ u czw;kRlR;efiz;e~A


fiz;a p uku`ra czw;kr~ ,"k /eZ% lukru%AA
(euqLe`fr% 4@138)

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(7) Dofpn~HkwekS 'k;k Dofpnfi p i;Z'k;ue~A
DofpPNkdkgkjh Dofpnfi p 'kkY;ksnu#fp%A

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DofpRdUFkk/kjh Dofpnfi p fnO;kEcj/jks
euLoh dk;kZFkhZ x.k;fr u nq%[ka u p lq[ke~AA

T s h
(8) vkRekFk thoyksosQfLeu~ dks u thofr ekuo%A

i
ija ijksidkjkFk ;ks thofr l thofrA

R l
(lqHkkf"krjRuHkk.Mkxkje~)

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(9) jfo'pUnzks ?kuk% o`{kk% u|ks xko'p lTtuk%A

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,rs ijksidkjk; ;qxs nSosu fufeZrk%AA

C u
(10) vkyL;a fg euq";k.kka 'kjhjLFkks egku~ fjiq%A

p
ukLR;q|eleks cU/q% Rok ;a ukolhnfrAA

N re
(uhfr'krde~)

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