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VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements

1. Watertube boilers have: 6. In the closed fireroom system: 11. A fireroom that is completely isolated (closed)
A. one fusible plug A. each boiler has its own fan operates on :
B. no fusible plugs* B. each furnace has its own fan A. induced draft
C. two fusible plugs C. the fan is located in the uptake B. forced draft *
D. none of the above D. the fireroom is supplied with air from one fan* C. natural draft
D. none of the above
2. The value that prevents water from backing out 7. The air cock on a boiler is located at the:
of the boiler into the feedline is the: A. end of the superhaeter 12. How many feedwater lines are connected to the
A. bottom-blow valve B. highest point of the steam and water drum * boiler?
B. skin valve C. superheater inlet A. one C. three
C. feed-check valve * D. top of the return headers B. two * D. four
D. feed-stop valve
8. Soot blowers should be used in proper sequence 13. If the water in the gage glass has not been blown
3. The fuel-oil heater is located: so that: for a period of time, the level of the water in the
A. on the discharge side of the service A. excess stresses will not be set up in the glass will be:
pump * boiler A. the same as that in the steam and water
B. on the suction side of the service pump B. the decks will not be covered with soot drum
C. on the discharge side of the transfer C. the soot will be swept toward the uptakes * B. less than that in the steam and water drum *
pump D. there will not be a loss of steam pressure C. more than that in the steam and water drum
D. between the settling tank and the service D. none of the above
pump 9. What is the first thing you would check on taking
over a watch? 14. On taking over a watch, the fireman should check:
4. Boiler pulsations are caused by: A. the bilges A. the water level in the boilers
A. too high fuel pressure B. the periscope B. the bilges
B. insufficient air C. the water level * C. the periscope
C. forcing the boiler beyond capacity D. the oil pressure D. all of the above *
D. all of the above *
10. A boiler with its fan (blower) located in the 15. When you are cleaning fuel-oil burner tips, use a:
5. In the forced draft system: uptake is operating on: A. steel scraper C. brass knife *
A. each furnace has its own fan A. induced draft * B. wire brush D. pocketknife
B. one fan supplies air to all furnaces * B. forced draft
C. the fan is located in the uptake C. natural draft
D. none of the above D. none of the above
VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements
16. What is the amount of liquid in a tank if you get 21. All fuel-oil service pump steam valves are fitted 27. The double-bottom tanks in a ship are used for:
an ullage sounding of 114 and the empty with: A. storing fuel oil
ullage sounding of the tank is 322? A. safety locks B. storing fresh water
A. 20 8 C. 21 8 B. automatic controls C. ballasting when ship is light
B. 20 10 * D. 2110 C. reach rods leading to a location outside the D. all of the above *
fireroom *
17. The amount of steam generated by a boiler is D. reach rods leading to the engine room 28. In a fuel-oil service system the quick closing fuel-
dependent upon: oil shutoff valve is located between the:
A. the size of the sprayer 22. Which of the following fire extinguishers would A. fuel-oil heaters and the discharge strainers
B. the oil pressure not be found in the fireroom? B. service pumps and the fuel-oil heaters
C. the air pressure A. foam type C. CO2 C. master fuel-oil shutoff valve and the boiler *
D. all of the above * B. sand D. SO2 * D. suction strainers and the service pumps

18. When installing a new gage glass in a water 23. What is the average fuel-oil temperature range of 29. A fuel-oil meter placed between the fuel-oil
gage you should secure the bolts from: the oil in the discharge line to the burners? service pumps and the fuel-oil heaters would be a:
A. top to bottom A. 180o - 200o * C. 200o - 220o A. cold-type meter *
B. bottom to top B. 160o - 180o D. 150o - 200o B. hot-type meter
C. center, alternately, toward each end * C. vertical meter
D. top to bottom or bottom to top 24. Which of the following is a common type of oil D. supermeter
burner?
19. One of the main purposes of refractories in a A. Bethlehem C. B & W 30. The condensate from the coils in the fuel-oil
boiler furnace is to: B. Todd D. all of the above * heaters goes to the:
A. help preheat the air for the furnace A. feedwater heater
B. help preheat the feedwater 25. The boiler gage glasses should be blown down: B. auxiliary exhaust system
C. protect economizer from excessive heat A. once a day C. observation tank *
D. prevent excessive furnace heat losses * B. at the beginning of every watch * D. bilges
C. every 12 hrs.
20. All fuel-oil tanks are vented through a: D. every 8 hrs. 31. The valve between the fuel-oil headers and the
A. check vent to the settling tanks burner valve is the:
B. gooseneck vent located on the main deck * 26. Gage pressure of 200 pounds is equivalent to what A. root valve * C. safety valve
C. check valve to the transfer pump absolute pressure? B. base valve D. leakoff valve
D. gooseneck vent which discharges to the A. 215 * C. 185
settlers B. 200 D. 115
VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements
32. The safety device located in the crown sheet of C. by taking suction from the potable water B. manometers D. dual-purpose
Scotch boiler is called a: tanks
A. bubble plug C. crown plug D. by putting both feed pumps into operation 44. The steam injector is used to pump water:
B. safety plug D. fusible plug * A. into the boilers in case the main feed pumps
38. The appliance used in a Scotch boiler to help stop*
33. Skin valves are located on the: circulate the water when getting up steam is called B. out of the condenser
A. ships hull * C. watertight bulkhead a: C. out of the auxiliary condenser
B. boiler drum D. tank tops A. pyrometer C. manometer D. to the boilers when being tested by the
B. hydrokineter * D. hydrofoil USCG
34. Tube retarders in Scotch boilers are used to:
A. slow down the water circulation around the 39. When draining a Scotch boiler the: 45. The oil burners on conventional vessels should be
tubes A. manhole must be removed cleaned at least:
B. prevent the tubes from sagging B. belly plug must be removed * A. once a week C. every hour
C. slow down the combustion gases * C. horsecollar must be removed B. once a watch * D. once a day
D. speed up water circulation around the tubes D. crown sheet must be removed
46. Special types of periscopes are fitted to boilers to
35. In order for oil to burn properly it must: 40. The sides of a combustion chamber in a Scotch observe:
A. be at the proper temperature boiler are called: A. oil atomization in the furnace
B. be atomized properly A. wrapper sheets * C. crown sheets B. smoke going out the stack
C. have sufficient air to support combustion B. bottom sheets D. support sheets C. combustion gases entering the uptake *
D. all of the above * D. water level in the boilers
41. The brick wall at the back of the furnace in a
36. The steam that is discharged from the safety Scotch boiler is called a: 47. A duplex strainer is better than a simplex strainer
valves goes to the: A. side wall C. bridge wall * because it:
A. main condenser C. atmospheric line * B. plate wall D. crown wall A. removes more foreign matter from the fuel
B. auxiliary condenser D. bilges oil
42. The damper in the air duct between the fan and B. can be cleaned while it is in use *
37. How can extra feedwater be obtained for the the boiler is usually a: C. causes a smaller pressure drop through the
boilers when the ship is at the sea? A. butterfly-type valve * C. gate valve unit
A. by opening the extra feed valve on the main B. double-beat valve D. spring-loaded valve D. can handle oil with a lower viscosity
condenser *
B. by using the steam injector 43. Most gages in the fireroom are: 48. A faulty steam trap on a fuel-oil heater can cause:
A. Bourdon tube type * C. thermocouples
VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements
A. a lowering of the heating capacity of the 53. Which of the following could cause a flareback? 58. If a boiler is smoking white smoke a possible
heater * A. oil pressure too high cause could be:
B. a fuel-oil leak B. trying to relight burner from hot brickwork * A. fuel-oil temperature too low
C. an increase in oil temperature C. drain soot-blower lines thoroughly B. fuel-oil pressure too low
D. an increase in the heating capacity of the D. opening air registers too quickly C. too much air *
heater D. too little air
54. Which engineer is directly in charge of the
49. The presence of oil or scale on boiler tubes causes: boilers and their auxiliaries? 59. In a reciprocating engine steam and water cycle,
A. overheating * C. electrolysis A. junior second assistant the level of the water in the feed and filter-tank is
B. oxidation D. galvanic action B. second assistant * controlled by the:
C. third assistant A. feed-pump bypass valve
50. What would you do before giving a boiler a D. first assistant B. chronometer valve *
bottom blow? C. pneumercator valve
A. let the water level drop slightly below 55. If a large section of the roof tile in a three-pass D. manometer valve
normal boiler fell out, an immediate indication would be:
B. decrease the steam pressure A. a decrease in stack temperature 60. What is the first thing you would do if the fires go
C. raise the water level about 2 above normal* B. an increase in stack pressure out in the boilers?
D. decrease the oil pressure C. an increase in stack temperature * A. call the bridge
D. an increase in boiler pressure B. call the chief engineer
51. What precaution must be taken before using steam C. call the engineer on watch *
soot blowers? 56. Sputtering oil burners might indicate: D. secure the feed pump
A. wear gloves when operating A. water in the fuel oil *
B. blow tubes only during the day B. fuel oil too cold 61. The bell symbol means :
C. decrease boiler steam pressure C. fuel oil too hot A. full ahead C. half astern *
D. drain thoroughly * D. oil pressure too high B. slow astern D. half ahead

52. Which of the following would you do before 57. The boiler feedwater in the feedwater heater is 62. The fuel-oil service pump takes suction from the:
blowing tubes with steam soot blowers? heated by: A. contaminated inspection tank
A. notify bridge A. superheated steam B. double-bottom tanks
B. increase steam pressure slightly B. auxiliary exhaust steam * C. feed and filter- tank
C. drain soot-blower lines thoroughly C. desuperheated steam D. settling tanks *
D. all of the above * D. steam from the boiler
63. The auxiliary exhaust steam is used to:
VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements
A. heat the feedwater * A. removes air from the superheaters
B. drive the bilge pump B. insure a flow of steam through the 73. To change the firing rate of a boiler:
C. heat the fuel oil superheaters when steam is being raised on A. open the recirculating valve
D. drive small auxiliaries the boiler* B. change the size of the burner tips*
C. lowers the steam pressure on a boiler that has C. start the second fuel-oil service pump
64. If a boiler is giving off back smoke, a just been secured D. close the reciculating valve
possible cause could be: D. removes water from the superheater
A. insufficient air 74. Which of the following steps would you take
B. fuel-oil temperature too low 69. The purpose of the salinometer cock is to: if you found an accumulation of oil on the
C. dirty burners A. test for oil in the water furnace floor?
D. any of the above* B. blow down the gage glass A. put in smaller burner tips
C. obtain a sample of boiler water for testing* B. close all air registers
65. The feedwater check valves are located on D. blow down the boiler to reduce the solids in C. open all air registers*
the: the boiler water D. close fuel-oil discharge valve
A. feed-pump suction line
B. shell of the feedwater heater 70. The main engine of a steam-turbine plant 75. Which of the following methods can be used
C. hotwell uses: to clean the firesides of a boiler?
D. feedlines to the boiler* A. superheated steam* A. steam lance C. water hose
B. saturated steam B. soot blowers D. any of the above*
66. A scoop condenser must be: C. desuperheated steam
A. a single-pass condenser * D. back-pressure steam 76. Another name for the fuel-oil discharge
B. a double-pass condenser strainer is the:
C. a counterflow condenser 71. Another name for the fuel-oil suction strainer A. cold strainer C. magnetic strainer
D. an inverted condenser is the: B. hot strainer* D. coarse strainer
A. cold strainer* C. fine strainer
67. The deaerating (D.C.) heater is used in: B. hot strainer D. magnetic strainer 77. In an automatically controlled feedwater
A. the open-type feedwater system system, the proper water level is maintained
B. the low-pressure-type steam plant 72. In a manually controlled feedwater system by:
C. all steam plants the proper water level is maintained by: A. operating the auxiliary feed-check valve
D. the closed feedwater system* A. operating the recirculating valve B. opening the feedwater heater bypass
B. opening the feed-pump steam valve C. the fluctuations in water level in the boiler*
68. The main purpose of the superheater vent C. operating the feed-stop valve D. bypassing the deaerator
valve on a boiler is to: D. operating the feed-check valve*
VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements
78. The F.O. service pump must have: 83. The condensate from the F.O. heaters is led to D. open air cock
A. only one operating valve the:
B. a means of shutting down from outside the A. feed and filter-tank C. double-bottom 89. The bottom blow valve on a watertube boiler is
machinery space* B. observation tank* D. condenser located on the:
C. two sets of operating valves in the fireroom 84. If the water goes out of sight in the gage glass, A. front headers
D. a discharge to the bilge the first thing to do is: B. mud drum *
A. close the feed-stop valve C. steam and water-drum
79. The relief valve on the F.O. transfer pump B. secure all burners* D. superheater
discharges: C. speed up the feed pump
A. to the settling tanks D. add extra feedwater 90. When entering a closed fireroom system:
B. back to the transfer pump suction line* A. one enters directly into the fireroom
C. to the F.O. service suction line 85. When the fuel-oil temperature is too high it B. one enters directly from the engine room
D. to the double-bottom tanks causes: C. one must pass through an air lock*
A. flarebacks D. one must wear protective glasses
80. The air registers on an extinguished fire should B. high fuel-oil pressure
be: C. white smoke to come from the stack 91. Before a burner is lit off:
A. kept open C. kept half-open D. carbon deposits on the fuel-oil heater coils* A. close air register
B. kept closed* D. removed and placed in rack B. open air register *
86. How much time should be taken to raise steam C. change air register
81. Too low F.O. temperature will cause: on a watertube boiler? D. lower fuel-oil temperature
A. excessive steam temperature A. 4 hours C. 1 hour
B. poor combustion and smoky fires* B. 2 hours* D. 5 hours 92. One purpose of the bottom blow valve is to:
C. the F.O pump to vibrate A. remove scale and sediment from the boiler*
D. increase in superheater temperature 87. How much time should be taken to raise steam B. clean soot from the tubes
on a firetube boiler? C. drain the economizer
82. Too high F.O. temperature will cause: A. 6-8 hours C. 4-6 hour* D. regulate amount of water going to boiler
A. a decrease in boiler pressure B. 8-10 hours D. 1-3 hours
B. fires to go out 93. The feed-stop valve is located:
C. burners to smoke 88. How would you vent the superheater when A. on the feed pump
D. carbon-scale deposits on the F.O. heater getting up steam or securing a boiler? B. on the main steam line
coils* A. open the throttle drain C. nearest the steam and water-drum on the
B. open superheater vent drain * feedline*
C. open the vacuum breaker D. on the superheater
VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements
D. heat the feedwater before it enters the A. heat the fuel oil
94. The dry pipe is located: boiler* B. raise the steam pressure
A. in the top of the steam and water-drum* C. increase temperature of feedwater
B. in the superheater 100. A manometer measures: D. remove the moisture from steam*
C. in the bottom of the steam and water-drum A. air pressure* C. oil pressure
D. on the bottom of the furnace B. steam pressure D. water pressure 107. Watertube boiler tube are:
A. welded in place
95. Cyclone separators are located in the: 101. A pyrometer measures: B. rolled in *
A. furnace C. feed system A. steam pressure C. steam temperature C. threaded and screwed in
B. steam and water-drum* D. fuel-oil line B. stack temperature* D. oil temperature D. threaded and held with nuts

96. The internal feedline is located: 102. A pneumercator measures: 108. The reciculating valve is used to:
A. in the bottom of steam and water-drum* A. oil pressure C. liquid level* A. recirculate the feedwater in the economizer
B. between the feed pump and the boiler B. air level D. air pressure B. drain water from oil line
C. in the superheater C. drain the service pump
D. in the upper part of the furnace 103. An attemporator is another name for a: D. reciculate and heat the fuel oil prior to
A. desuperheater * C. superheater lighting off*
97. The purpose of the surface blow valve is to: B. dry pipe D. hydrokineter
A. clean the tubes 109. The fusible plug in a Scotch boiler is screwed
B. remove oil and scum from surface of water* 104. Waterwalls are used to: into the:
C. remove the sludge and scale from boiler A. drain water from the headers A. furnace air register C. crown sheet*
D. drain boiler B. carry off excess heat from the furnace B. rear tube sheet D. wrapper sheet
walls*
98. The purpose of the salinometer cock is to: C. strengthen the furnace brickwork 110. The retarders in a Scotch boiler are found in
A. test for oil in the water D. heat the air before it enters the furnace the:
B. blow down the gage glass A. firetubes * C. furnace
C. see how much water is in the boiler 105. The studs on waterwall tubes are to: B. watertubes D. combustion chamber
D. obtain a sample of boiler water for testing* A. help keep them clean
B. strengthen the tubes 111. Which of the following valves are arranged in a
99. An economizer is used to: C. give added surface area to tubes* Y branch fitting?
A. heat the fuel oil D. help support the tubes in place A. superheater safety valves
B. heat air before it enters the furnace B. boiler-drum safety valves*
C. desuperheat the steam 106. The superheater is used to: C. main-feed stop and check valves
VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements
D. back-pressure valve and atmospheric valve D. discharges to the hotwell through a trap* 122. The valve which shuts off a liquid line with the
least amount of resistance to flow is the:
112. The coils in the feedwater heater are secured 117. The bell sign means: A. globe valve C. gate valve*
by: A. slow astern C. stop B. check valve D. relief valve
A. welding C. union fitting* B. half ahead D. slow ahead*
B. nipples D. bonnets 123. The process applied to iron pipe which retards
118. The excess steam pressure in the back-pressure corrosion is called:
113. The hydrokineter in a Scotch boiler is used to: system exhaust to the: A. galvanizing* C. soldering
A. take a sample of boiler water A. feedwater heater B. annealing D. tinning
B. retard the hot gas circulation B. main condenser
C. force water into the boiler C. atmosphere 124. Listed in sequence, iron pipe sizes are:
D. warm up and circulate the water when D. atmosphere to the relief valve* A. , , , 7/8, 1 C. , 3/8, , , 1 *
bringing up steam* B. , 3/8, 1/2 , 7/8, 1 D. , 3/8, , 5/8, 3/4 , 1
119. The air pressure supplied to the boilers is
114. When the temperature of the feedwater measured in: 125. The two main purposes of the main condenser
leaving the feedwater heater is too low, A. PSI C. PSIG are to:
it is an indication that the: B. inches of water* D. PSIA A. convert exhaust steam to water*
A. reducing valve is not functioning properly B. raise back-pressure on condenser
B. back pressure is too low* 120. When you light a fire in a boiler, you must C. remove air from exhaust steam
C. back pressure is too high always: D. reduce back-pressure on main engine*
D. atmospheric exhaust valve is open A. use a torch
B. close the air register before lighting off* 126. The Edwards-type air pump has:
115. In order to increase back pressure, one must: C. open the burner valve halfway A. three sets of valves
A. increase the boiler pressure D. open the burner valve before you open the B. two sets of valves
B. close in on the back-pressure valve* root valve C. one set of valves*
C. open up the back-pressure valve D. none of the above
D. close in on the atmospheric line 121. The reciculating line on the burner valve
returns the oil ti the: 127. A scoop condenser is a:
116. The exhaust steam that condense in the feed A. settling tanks A. double-pass condenser
water heater: B. suction sides of service pump* B. vertical condenser
A. is fed back to the boiler C. double bottoms C. single-pass condenser*
B. discharges to the feed and filter-tank D. transfer pump D. counterflow condenser
C. discharges to the auxiliary condenser
VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements
128. The purpose of the steam baffle in a condenser A. strengthen the tube sheets 137. The diameter of the liquid cylinder in question
is to: B. allow for expansion and contraction number 135 is:
A. separate the steam from fresh water C. allow a smoother entrance flow of A. 3 C. 6
B. prevent hot steam from hitting directly on circulating water* B. 4* D. 8
the cooler tubes* D. make the tubes stronger
C. separate the steam from salt water 138. It is possible for water to get into the fuel oil
D. prevent steam from mixing with cooling 133. The purpose of inspection plates on the main by:
water condenser is to: A. leaks in the hull
A. give access to clean water boxes B. being pumped aboard with the oil
129. The condenser vacuum feed valve is open and B. check the steam side of the condenser C. condensation in the tanks
the water in the reserve tank runs dry. The C. check tubes without removing condenser D. all of the above*
result will be: heads*
A. a loss of water in the boiler D. check the steam baffle 139. The accumulated water in question 138 is
B. a loss of condensate water disposed of by:
C. a loss of vacuum* 134. A pump that has one steam cylinder and two A. using the centrifugal purifier
D. an increase in back-pressure liquid cylinders is called a: B. boiling out
A. double pump C. pumping to settling tank and draining off*
130. The division of plate in a two-pass condenser: B. triplex pump D. not pumping out all the oil in the tank
A. supports the tubes C. tandem pump*
B. separates the water from the steam D. one to two pump 140. Oil meters registers the amount used in:
C. separates the air from the steam A. pounds C. barrels
D. prevents the circulating water from passing 135. The size of a reciprocating is stamp on the B. gallons * D. quarts
directly to overboard discharge* builders plate 3 x 4 x 6. The diameter of
the steam cylinder is: 141. Air chambers are attached to the:
131. The holes in Kinghorn-valve dics: A. 4 C. 6 A. discharge side of all pumps
A. prevent water from leaking from condenser B. 3* D. 8 B. discharge side of reciprocating pumps*
B. let water seep between discs to form a water C. air pumps
seal* 136. The stroke of the pump in question number 135 D. feed pumps only
C. make them lighter in weight is:
D. prevent water from leaking to air pump A. 3 C. 8 142. On automatic combustion control:
B. 4 D. 6* A. reduce the number of burners when the oil
132. The inlet sides of condenser tubes are rolled pressure approaches the minimum specified
and flared to: *
VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements
B. keep the same number of burners going at 148. What pump takes the fuel oil from the double
all times bottoms and discharges it to the settling tanks? 154. The air entering the furnace is given a swirling
C. change the size of the burner tips in all A. service pump C. general service pump motion by the:
burners when the pressure drops B. transfer pump* D. sump pump A. diffuser C. cone
D. A or C B. impeller D. all of the above*
149. The purpose of water-drum baffles is to:
143. One pound of fuel oil contains approximately: A. give added strength to the drum 155. The valve closest to the boiler in the feedline is
A. 50,000 BTU C. 18,000 BTU * B. prevent steam from mixing with the water the:
B. 5,000 BTU D. 25,000 BTU C. direct the path of the feedwater through the A. feed-pump discharge valve
drum B. feed-check valve
144. A pyrometer is a: D. prevent the water in the drum from sloshing C. feed-stop valve*
A. high-temperature thermometer * around when the ship is rolling* D. feedwater heater bypass valve
B. thermometer marked in Centigrade
C. pneumercator 150. In a variable capacity oil burner the amount of 156. The point of highest pressure in the steam and
D. manometer oil going to the atomizer is controlled by the: water cycle is found between the:
A. root valve C. burner valve A. boiler and the feed pump
145. The Bailey feedwater regulator works on the B. oil-return line valve*D. all of the above B. feed pump and the boiler*
principle of: C. boiler and main engine
A. hydroelectric C. thermoelectric 151. Another name for an air preheater is: D. steam and water-drum and superheater
B. thermohydraulic* D. pressure-temperature A. an economizer C. a deaerator
B. an aerator D. none of the above* 157. The purpose of a dry pipe is to:
146. The low-suction strainers are located between A. removes air from the steam
the: 152. The complete unit housing the burner, air B. supply air to the boiler
A. service pumps and fuel-oil heaters scoop, bladed cone, etc. is called the: C. cut down oxygen content of the boiler water
B. fuel-oil heaters and discharge strainers A. burner assembly C. boiler assembly D. restrict priming and reduce moisture in the
C. transfer pump and settling tanks B. register * D. air-duct assembly steam*
D. settling tanks and service pumps*
153. Which of the following lines are connected to 158. A stay tube in a Scotch boiler helps to support
147. All fuel-oil tanks are fitted with: the atmospheric line? the:
A. heating coils C. suction valve A. deck-exhaust lines A. crown sheet C. tube sheets*
B. air vents D. all of the above* B. auxiliary-exhaust line B. furnace D. boiler shell
C. safety-valve discharge lines
D. all of the above*
VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements
159. A Bourdon steam-pressure gage is always B. leaks in drain lines C. heat the feedwater on its way to the water
fitted with a: C. leaky condenser tubes* and water-drum
A. loop in the pipe to prevent live steam from D. leaky heating coils D. ` desuperheat the steam for auxiliaries
getting to the tube*
B. double shutoff valve 164. Before blowing down a boiler, always: 168. According to furnace arrangement, a D type
C. plain pipe with no shutoff valve A. reduce steam pressure boiler is a:
D. nonreturn shutoff valve B. open the skin valves* A. multiple-furnace boiler
C. open air vent B. divided-furnace boiler *
160. When operating with automatic combustion D. increase steam pressure C. low-pressure boiler
control always use: D. single-furnace boiler
A. at least two different sized tips in the 165. In order to reduce the possibility of flarebacks,
burners one should always: 169. Firetube boilers have been replaced by
B. only one size trip throughout the system* A. use a torch to light off burners watertube boiler because:
C. larger tips on the boiler with lower pressure B. prevent oil from accumulating on furnace A. firetube boilers are not able to meet the
D. smaller tips on the boiler with higher floor* demand for rapid changes in load that a
pressure C. use large amounts of excess air watertube boiler can meet*
D. keep all air registers open at all times B. firetube boilers have more complicated
161. If it is difficult to maintain the proper steam construction
pressure, it will be necessary to change all the 166. You would give a boiler a surface blowdown C. firetubes boilers are more difficult to repair
tips and: when: D. firetube boilers are more difficult to
A. readjust the setting of the oil-air ratio A. the salinity increases examine and inspect
controller* B. oil appears on the surface of the water in the
B. change from automatic to manual control gage glass 170. In addition to the generating tubes in a boiler,
C. make no changes C. scum appears on the appears of the water in which of the following also function as
D. speed up the fan (blower) the gage glass generating tubes?
D. all of the above* A. water-wall tubes C. superheater tubes
162. If the main circulator breaks down, it is B. water-screen tubes D. A and B*
possible to obtain cooling water from: 167. The function of the water-screen tubes in a
A. general service pump C. fire pump boiler is to: 171. The function of the water-screen tubes between
B. evaporator feed pump D. A and C* A. allow the superheater tubes to absorb more the superheater and the furnace in a D type
radiant heat from the furnace boiler is to:
163. Salt in boiler water usually comes from: B. prevent the direct heat of the furnace from A. protect the superheater from the radiant heat
A. zinc plates being corroded away reaching the superheater tubes* of the furnace *
VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Elements
B. carry away some of the heat from the B. 160 to 180 F. D. any of the above
furnace refractory
C. preheat the water going to the economizer
D. none of the above

172-240 (referring with picture)

241. A flame scanner is used to:


A. check the color of the oil flame
B. shut off the oil flow to the burner if the
flame goes out*
C. control the amount of air to the burner
D. none of the above

242. A solenoid trip valve on a fuel line:


A. shuts off the fuel-oil supply in event of air
loss
B. shuts off the air supply in event of fire loss
C. shuts off the fuel-oil supply if the fire goes
out
D. A and C*

243. On a automated ship the fuel-oil burner are


usually cleaned:
A. once a watch
B. once a day
C. only in port, unless flame scanner shows
loss of flame*
D. once a week

244. Normal fuel-oil temperatures usually vary


from:
A. 180 to 200 F. *C. 200 to 220 F.