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Name

Date

Lesson
Practice C
2.1 For use with the lesson Use Properties of Exponents

Evaluate the expression. Tell which properties of exponents you used.


322 p 34 (23)2 (24)2(24)23
1. 50 p 55 p 523 2. } 3. } 4. }
325 224 (24)25

1} 1}52
2 4 1 24
32
11 2 2
22 3
5. 1}
23
42
3 1
6. }
3 7. } 8. }
13 2 13 2
2 25 2 0
}
}
15 2 15 2
1 22 1 25
}
}

Write the answer in scientific notation.


9. (2.3 3 1024)(9.3 3 108) 10. (5.4 3 1025)(1.8 3 1021) 11. (2.5 3 1023)22
(3.3 3 109)(2.8 3 1027) (1.2 3 1024)2 2.1 3 1024

12. }}
5
13. }} 14. }

4.62 3 10 (9.0 3 105)(1.6 3 1028) 8.4 3 1026
Lesson 2.1

Simplify the expression. Tell which properties of exponents you used.


x 2y 3 2x 4 4m4 3n21
15. }
2
p }
3 16. }
p
}

y 26m21n5 m22
(c4)3 12d 26 w 23 v25
17. } p }
18. } p }

4 21
(15cd) v25 w 23

1x3yy 2 1 2
7 22 22
qr 2s 23
19. }
23 20. }
4
3r
21. [(z22)2]3 22. [(b9)21]22

Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


Write an expression that makes the statement true.
? 2x
23. a4b23c5 p ? 5 a8bc10 24. } 2 6

5} 2 25. (2m3n2)6 5 ? p 4m12n25
9x y z 3y

26. Chemistry One milliliter of water contains about 3.33 1022 molecules. About how
many molecules are in a 0.5 liter bottle of water? Write your answer in
scientific notation.
27. Manufacturing A package designer for a company that makes holiday ornaments
needs to decide how to package a special edition glass ornament shaped like a
sphere. It must be packaged as tightly as possible in a cylinder or a cube.
a. Write an expression for the ratio of the volume of the ornament to the volume of
the cylinder.
b. Write an expression for the ratio of the volume of the ornament to the volume of
the cube.
c. Which package do you think the designer should choose? Explain.

Algebra 2
2-8 Chapter Resource Book
Answers for Chapter 2 Polynomials and Polynomial Functions
1
Lesson 2.1 Use Properties of 17. 23125 18. } 19. 6561 20. 32
8
Exponents 21. 5.27 3 105 22. 5.26 3 1025 23. 2.3 3 1023
Teaching Guide 24. 5.983 3 1012 25. 1.76 3 1016
1. 22: 3 2. 81; 9; 729; 729 3. 25; 125; 3125; 26. 7.0 3 1027 27. 4.8 3 109 28. 3.534 3 103

answers
3125 4. It is equivalent to the base raised to the 29. 7.84 3 106 30. 1.849 3 105 31. 6.0 3 102
sum of the two exponents. 5. A way to write
32. 7.5 3 101 3340. Check properties.
numbers using powers of 10 having the form
c 3 10n where 1 c < 10 and n is an integer; 33. b6 34. x 2 35. s14 36. 25y 2 37. z 4
6.4 3 107; 3.4 3 1024 1 x3 16
4 39. }
38. }
27
40. } 2 41. 3.26 3 108
m n
Investigating Algebra Activity 4
42. about 2.65 3 10 dollars
1. a. (6 p 6 p 6 p 6)(6 p 6 p 6 p 6 p 6 p 6 p 6); 611
b. (3 p 3 p 3 p 3)(3 p 3 p 3 p 3)(3 p 3 p 3 p 3); 312 Practice Level B
5p5p5p5p5p5p5p5 1 8. Check properties. 1. 256 2. 2343

c. }} 5 5 p 5 p 5 p 5; 54

5p5p5p5 1 1 1 1 8
3. } 4. }
625 5. } 6. } 7. }
27
4 4 4 4 4 4p4p4p4p4 4 5 16,384 256 262,144
d. }p }
p }
p }
p }
5 }}
7 p 7 p 7 p ; }

7 7 7 7 7 7 p 7 75 125
8. } 9. 1.342 3 1012 10. 3.38 3 1025
2. See answers to Exercise 1. 3. For the product 64
of powers property, the exponents in the 11. 1.054 3 1022 12. 4.698 3 106
Simplified form column are the sum of the 13. 2.025 3 109 14. 1.369 3 1029
exponents in the Exponential expression column. 15. 3.73248 3 1027 16. 6.6 3 101
For the power of a power property, the exponents
17. 3.5 3 10215 1829. Check properties.
in the Simplified form column are the product
of the exponents in the Exponential expression 18. x 4 19. y 11 20. 531,441s18
column. For the quotient of powers property, the 1 y 16m7 1
21. }

22.
}
23.
} 24. }

14 4
exponents in the Simplified form column are the w 10
z 3
n 3
49c d
Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

difference of the exponents in the Exponential h9 1 3 4b14


25. } 1226. } 2 27. 4q r 28. } 5
expression column. For the power of a quotient 125g y 7a
property, the exponent in the Exponential 4f 3 4 4
expression column is applied to the numerator 5 30. S 5 }
29. } 9 x 2 31. V 5 }
3 x 4
9e
and denominator to give the expression in the 32
Simplified form column. 4. Sample answer: 32. V 5 } 3 x 6 33. about 1.03 3 1011
The product of powers property means that if you
34. about 6.1 3 101
are multiplying like bases, the exponents will be
added. The power of a power property means Practice Level C
that if you are raising a power to a power, the 1 8. Check properties. 1. 25 2. 2187
exponents will be multiplied. The quotient of a 64 512
power property means that if you are dividing like 3. 1024 4. 256 5. } 6. 729 7. }
19,683

27
bases, the exponents will be subtracted. The power 1
of a quotient property means that if you are 8. }
125
9. 2.139 3 105 10. 9.72 3 1026

raising a quotient to a power, you will raise both 11. 1.6 3 105 12. 2.0 3 1023 13. 1.0 3 1026
the numerator and denominator to that power.
14. 2.5 3 101 1522. Check properties. 15. x 6
Practice Level A 2m7 45c13 9 27r 6
1 16. 2}
17.
}

18. 1 19.
}
20.
}

1. 9 2. 125 3. 32 4. 256 5. 1 6. } n6 d5 x 14y 2 q 3s 3
2 1
1 1 21. } 22. b 18 23. Sample answer: a 4b 4c 5
49 8. }
7. } 1,000,000
920. Check properties. z12
24. Sample answer: 6x 3y 4z 25. Sample answer:
9. 1024 10. 2243 11. 15,625 12. 1 2
1 25 16m 6n17 26. about 1.665 3 1025 27. a. }3 b. }
6
32 14. 27 15. 1,000,000,000 16. }
13. } 36

Algebra 2
Chapter Resource Book A19
Lesson 2.1 Use Properties of 6.
Planet P a
Exponents, continued
c. Sample answer: The designer should choose
Mercury 2.41 3 1021 3.87 3 1021
the package shaped like a cube. There is more Venus 6.15 3 1021 7.23 3 1021
answers

empty air space around the ornament to offer more


protection from damage. Also, the cubic packages Earth 1.00 3 100 1.00 3 100
would fit more efficiently in a box for shipping.
Mars 1.881 3 100 1.523 3 100
Study Guide
Jupiter 1.1861 3 101 5.203 3 100
1. (2 2 p 5)3 5 (2 2)3 p 5 3 Power of a product
5 2 6 p 5 3 Product of a power Saturn 2.9457 3 101 9.541 3 100
5 64 p 125 Evaluate power. Uranus 8.4008 3 101 1.9190 3 101
5 8000 Multiply.
Neptune 1.64784 3 102 3.0086 3 101
2. 7 p 7 5 7 2
3 21
Product of powers
5 49 Evaluate power. Pluto 2.4835 3 102 3.9507 3 101
3. (8 p 6 )21 5 8 0 p 6 2
0 22
Power of a product
Challenge Practice
5 1 p 62 Zero exponent 2 2 y 6n 1 2
1. x n y 2n 2. x2n 1 1 1 y 2 2 n 3. }
2n 1 4

5 36 Evaluate power. x

1 2
96 3
4. } 5 (92)3
94
Quotient of powers 4. x n 1 4 y n 2 2 5. negative 6. positive
7. positive 8. positive
5 96 Power of a power
9. a. Let n 5 2k. Then you have the following:
5 531,441 Evaluate power. 1 1
10
5. 2.5515 3 10 or about 25,515,000,000 lb
(a m)n 5 (a m) 2k 5 } km 5 a 2mk 5 a mn.
mk5 }
(a ) a
6. t 7t 2t 28 5 t Product of powers b. Let m 5 2k. Then you have the following:

Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


7. (k m ) 5 k m
(a m)n 5 (a2k)n 5 1}
23 4 22 6 28 n n
Power of a power k2 5 }
1 1 1
kn 5 a 2kn 5 a mn.
kn5 }
k6 a a a
8
5} Negative exponent c. Let m 5 2p and let n 5 2q. Then you have
m

1 2
f 5 23 f 215 the following:
8. }
22 5 }
6
Power of a quotient
(a m)n 5 (a2p)2q 5 1}
2q
p2 5 a pq 5 a (2m)(2n) 5 a mn.
g g 1
1 a
5 }
15 6 Negative exponent d. Work with each side separately. For n 5 0,
f g
(a m)n 5 (a m)0 5 1 and a mn 5 a m p 0 5 a0 5 1.
1 2
3x 0
9. }
2 51 Zero exponent }


z 2GM
10. a. v 5 } b. v 11,174 m/sec;
r
10. about 27 times

Real-Life Application The initial velocity is less than the escape


velocity, so the rocket will not travel infinitely
1. a. 1.496 3 108 km b. 9.3 3 107 mi 2. yes
into space. c. When the equation is solved for
39.507 v, the variable m representing the mass of the
3. 111,458 days 4. }
0.387
102 5. 102 in.
projectile divides out, so no matter the mass of the
projectile, the velocity of the projectile launched
from Earth needed to travel infinitely into space is
about 11,174 m/sec.

Algebra 2
A20 Chapter Resource Book