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Design Analysis of Temporary Protection Work by Sheet Pile for Existing Embankment

= 18 kN/m
= 25 degree

3.8 m
P1

Z1
EGL 6

Z'
sat = 20 kN/m
= 0 degree
D c= 50 kN/m

7
Figure: Pressure Diagram of Sheet Pile Driven into Clay

Embedment Depth Calculation

Retention Height, L = 3.8 m


Unit weight of retained soil, = 18 kN/m
Angle of internal friction of retained soil, = 25 degree
Cohesion of supporting soil, c = 50 kN/m
Grade of steel = 50

Coefficient of active earth pressure, Ka = = 0.406

C.g. of lateral soil pressure over dredge line, Z1 = = 1.266667 m

Total lateral soil pressure, P1 = = 52.74525 kN/m

Equalising active and passive soil we get,

>>

>> 131.6 D 105.5 D 254.5633 = 0

>> D = 1.85 m

Actual embedment depth below dredge line, D (actual) = 1.25 x D (theoretical)


= 2.3 m
Total length of sheet pile = 6.1 m

Maximum Moment Calculation

Depth of zero shear below dredge line, Z' = = 0.4008 m

Magnitude of maximum moment, Mmax =

= 77.3808 kN-m/m

Allowable stress in steel, (allowable) = 224079.6 kN/m

The minimum required section modulus, S = = 0.000345 m/m of the wall.

Design Reference

>>> Braja M. Das, Principles of Foundation Engineering, Sixth Edition.


>>> Correlation between undrained shear strength and SPT value (Terzaghi & Peck 1967)

Analysis by,
Engr. Udayan Chakraborty
M.Sc. in Structural Engineering, FIEB