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Subtopik 2.

1- PITA DETIK

1 Rajah menunjukkan satu pita detik bagi pergerakan sebuah objek menggunakan jangka masa detik
yang mempunyai frekuensi 50 Hz.

a) 16.0 cm
P Q

Arah gerakan

2.4 cm 4.0 cm

Hitung :
(i) Masa untuk satu detik.

(ii) Pecutan objek itu dari kawasan P ke Q.

(iii) halaju purata troli sepanjang PQ.

b)
6.0 cm

A B

2.5 cm 0.5 cm
Hitung :
(i) Masa untuk satu detik.

(ii) Pecutan objek itu dari kawasan A ke B.


(ii) halaju purata troli sepanjang AB.

3. Figure 3 shows the set of strip taken from a moving trolley. Each strip consists of 10 ticks and
the frequency of the ticker timer is 50 Hz. From the ticker tape shown, calculate the acceleration
and the average velocity of the trolley.

d / cm

15

13

11

t/ 10 ticks

i) initial velocity, u ii) Final velocity, v

iii) time interval, t iv) acceleration, a


v) average velocity

Subtopik 2.2- GRAF GERAKAN

1 Rajah 1 menunjukkan satu graf halaju- masa bagi objek yang bergerak dari S ke W dalam masa 40
saat.

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

(a) Nyatakan jenis gerakan objek antara titik S dan W


ST : _________________________________________________________
TU : _________________________________________________________
UV : _________________________________________________________
VW : ________________________________________________________
(b) Hitung
(i) pecutan objek pada masa t=10 s.

(ii) jumlah jarak perjalanan

(iii) sesaran objek diantara titik S dan W

(iv) laju purata objek sepanjang perjalanan

(v) halaju purata objek tersebut untuk sepanjang perjalanan.

Diagram 2 shows a car moving straight towards a slope.

E
D A

C
A B

A
Diagram 2.1
Diagram 2.2 shows how the velocity of the car varies with time as it travel from A to E. The
car travels at 60 kmh-1 from A to B.

velocity, v/ ms-1

B E
A A A
C D

time, t/ minutes
2 3 4 5
Diagram 2.2

a) Describe the acceleration of the car as it travel from A to B.

AB - _____________________________________

BC - _____________________________________

CD - _____________________________________

DE - _____________________________________

b) i- Find the velocity along AB in ms-1. ii- Calculate the distance from A
to B

c) Sketch a graph of acceleration- time from the motion graph of the moving car.

1. Figure 1 shows the movement of an object starting from P and stop at S.

Displacement/ m
Q a) State the time taken for the object
10 to return to its starting position.

5 R
P time/ s
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
-5

-10 S
b) State the time the object
move in opposite
direction.

c) Calculate the average


speed of the object.

Figure 1

d) Sketch the velocity- time graph e) Calculate the average


velocity of
of the object. the object

2. The following velocity time graph shows the movement of a particle.

v/ ms-1
a) What is the acceleration of the
particle in the first 3 seconds?
12

b) How long the particle move at


constant velocity?
t/ s
3 6 10

c) When does the particle stop?

d) Calculate the average velocity of the


particle.

e) Sketch a graph of acceleration- time graph.


5. Diagram 5.1(a) and 5.2(a) show two trolleys of different masses are placed on the surface
of identical table before pulled by a slotted mass through a smooth identical pulley.
The mass of the slotted weight which pulled both trolleys are same.
Rajah 5.1(a) dan 5.2(a) menunjukkan dua buah troli yang berlainan jisim berada di atas
permukaan meja yang serupa sebelum ditarik oleh pemberat melalui takal licin yang
serupa.
Jisim pemberat yang menarik kedua- dua troli adalah sama.

Diagram 5.1(b) and 5.2(b) show the position of both trolleys after released
simultaneously.
Rajah 5.1(b) dan 5.2(b) menunjukkan kedua- dua troli selepas dilepaskan serentak.

Before the trolley released A few moment after the trolley released
Sebelum troli dilepaskan Beberapa ketika selepas troli dilepaskan

Diagram 5.1(a) Diagram 5.1(b)


Rajah 5.1(a) Rajah 5.1(b)

Before the trolley released A few moment after the trolley released
Sebelum troli dilepaskan Beberapa ketika selepas troli dilepaskan

Diagram 5.2(a) Diagram 5.2(b)


Rajah 5.2(a) Rajah 5.2(b)

(a) What is the meaning of mass?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan jisim?

.........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b) Using diagram 5.1 and 5.2, compare :


Menggunakan Rajah 5.1 dan 5.2, bandingkan :

(i) the mass of the trolleys


jisim kedua- dua troli

................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(ii) distance travel by the trolleys


jarak yang dilalui oleh kedua- dua troli

..............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(iii) acceleration of the trolleys


pecutan kedua- dua troli

..............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(c) (i) State the relationship between the mass and acceleration of the trolley.
Nyatakan hubungan di antara jisim dan pecutan troli itu.

..........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(ii) State another physical quantity that affected the acceleration and its
relationship.
Nyatakan satu faktor lain yang mempengaruhi pecutan dan hubungannya.

.................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................

[2 marks]

(d) Based on your answer in (c)(i) and (c)(ii), state the physics law involve.
Berdasarkan jawapan anda di (c)(i) and (c)(ii), nyatakan hukum fizik yang terlibat.

.........................................................................................................................................

Total [1 mark]

Q5

8
6. An experiment is conducted to investigate the effectiveness of the air bag as a safety
feature for a car. A car and a dummy of mass 55 kg are moving at a constant velocity of
28 m s1 as shown in Diagram 6.1 and 6.2 below.
Satu eksperimen telah dijalankan bagi menyiasat keberkesanan beg udara sebagai salah
satu ciri keselamatan untuk sebuah kereta. Sebuah kereta dan sebuah patung yang
berjisim 55 kg sedang bergerak dengan halaju 28 m s1 seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah
6.1 dan 6.2 di bawah.

Air bag
28 ms-1 Beg udara

Wall
Tembok

Before collision After collision


Sebelum perlanggaran Selepas perlanggaran

Diagram 6.1 Diagram 6.2


Rajah 6.1 Rajah 6.2

(a) What is the meaning of momentum?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan momentum?

..........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b) Based on the Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2. compare :


Berdasarkan Rajah 6.1 dan 6.2, bandingkan

(i) the velocity of the dummy before and after the collision.
halaju patung sebelum dan selepas perlanggaran.

..
.
[1 mark]

(ii) the momentum of the dummy before and after the collision.
momentum patung sebelum dan selepas perlanggaran.

...
[1 mark]
(c) (i) Calculate the impulse of the dummy as the car hit the wall.
Hitung impuls bagi patung tersebut semasa kereta melanggar tembok.

[2 mark]

(ii) If the dummy is stopped by the air bag in 2.9 s, what is the impulsive force
acting on the dummy?
Jika patung itu dihentikan oleh beg udara dalam masa 2.9 s, berapakah daya
impuls yang bertindak ke atas patung tersebut?

[2 marks]

(d) The dummy is lurch forward as the car hit the wall. State the physics concept which
explained the situation.
Patung itu terinjak ke hadapan semasa kereta melanggar tembok. Nyatakan fizik
konsep yang menerangkan situasi tersebut.

.....
[1 mark]

Total
Q6