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Pipette and Sieve Grain Size Analysis Data Sheets: Raw data page:

Date of Analysis:
Analysist:
Temperature suspension (C):
A B C D E F G H I J
Sample number:
Sample dry weight (grams):

wt. filter paper before filtering 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0


filter paper-S
filter paper -C
filter paper Blank-1: 0.1213
filter paper Blank-1 0.1221

wt. filter paper after filtration 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0


filter paper-S
filter paper -C
filter paper Blank-1: 0.1213
filter paper Blank-1 0.1221

Sieve data 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
pre sieve weight
2.00mm
1.00mm
0.5mm
0.25mm
0.125mm
0.063mm
<0.063mm

w- wood fragments u- unbroken sediment clumps s- shells m- micas q- quartz h- heavy minerals c- coal fragments p- plastic shavings
Pipette and Sieve Grain Size Analysis Data Sheets: Calculations page

Date of Analysis: 30-Dec-99


Analysist: 0
Temperature suspension: 0

Bulk grain size data


sample number 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
weigh dispersant 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
wt% clay (<2 microns) #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% fine silt (2 to 20 microns) #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% coarse silt (20-63 microns) #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% sand (2-0.063 mm) #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% gravel (>2 mm) #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

sieve data 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
wt% 2.00mm #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% 1.00mm #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% 0.5mm #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% 0.25mm #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% 0.125mm #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% 0.063mm #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

Ternary plot data 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0


wt% clay #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% silt #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% sand #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
wt% gravel #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Name (after Folk, 1954)
Name (after Shepard, 1954)

Histogram plot data 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0


gravel #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
vc sand #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
c sand #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
m sand #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
f sand #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
vf sand #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
coarse silt #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
fine silt #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
clay #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
w t % re t a in e d p e r s ie v e w t % re t a in e d p e r s ie v e

0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00

D. W. Haywick
grav el grav el
Grain Size Analysis

vc sand vc sand

c sand c s and

m sand m sand

f sand f sand

grain size
grain size
v f s and v f s and

c o a r s e s ilt c o a r s e s ilt

Grain Size Histogram; , sample -


Grain Size Histogram; , sample -

fin e s ilt fin e s ilt

c la y c la y

w t % re t a in e d p e r s ie v e w t % re t a in e d p e r s ie v e

0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
10.00
12.00

0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
Histograms

grav el grav el

Sedimentology Laboratory
vc sand vc sand

c s and c sand

m sand m sand

grain size f s and f s and


grain size

vf sand v f sand

c o a r s e s ilt c o a r s e s ilt
Grain Size Histogram; , sample -
Grain Size Histogram; , sample -

fin e s ilt fin e s ilt

c la y c la y
University of South Alabama
08/12/2017
w t % re t a in e d p e r s ie v e w t % re t a in e d p e r s ie v e

0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00

10.00
12.00
10.00
12.00

D. W. Haywick
grav el grav el
Grain Size Analysis

v c s and v c s and

c s and c s and

m sand m sand

f s and f s and

grain size
grain size
vf sand vf sand

c o a r s e s ilt c o a r s e s ilt

Grain Size Histogram; , sample -


Grain Size Histogram; , sample -

fin e s ilt fin e s ilt

c la y c la y

w t % re t a in e d p e r s ie v e w t % re t a in e d p e r s ie v e
10.00
12.00

0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00

0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
Histograms

grav el grav el

Sedimentology Laboratory
v c s and vc sand

c s and c sand

m sand m sand

f s and f sand
grain size

grain size

vf sand vf sand

c o a r s e s ilt c o a r s e s ilt
Grain Size Histogram; , sample -
Grain Size Histogram; , sample -

fin e s ilt fin e s ilt

c la y c la y
University of South Alabama
08/12/2017
Grain Size Analysis Histograms 08/12/2017

Grain Size Histogram; , sample - Grain Size Histogram; , sample -

w t % re t a in e d p e r s ie v e
w t % re t a in e d p e r s ie v e

12.00 12.00

10.00 10.00

8.00 8.00

6.00 6.00

4.00 4.00

2.00 2.00

c o a r s e s ilt

c o a r s e s ilt
0.00 0.00
v c s and

vc sand
m sand

vf sand

vf sand
fin e s ilt

fin e s ilt
m s and
grav el

grav el
c s and

c sand

f sand
f s and

c la y

c la y
grain size grain size

D. W. Haywick Sedimentology Laboratory University of South Alabama


Ternary data plot for

Ternary plot input data Plotting parameters

Error messages
Percentage Printer correction: 1.1
Sample # Clay Silt Sand Error messages Tick interval (0 - 0.5): 0.1
F1 30.00 35.00 35.00 Tick length (0 - 0.2): 0.03
F2 20.00 60.00 20.00 Plot lines? (Y or N): n
F3 15.00 22.00 63.00
0 40.00 30.00 30.00
Acknowledgments
This plotting routine was adopted with minor changes
0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! from a spreadsheet written by:
0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
David Graham (University of Wales, Aberystwyth)
0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! and
0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Nicholas Midgley (Liverpool John Moores University)
0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Click here for additional reference information

Clay

Sand Silt
Sand Silt
Grain Size Analysis
Douglas W. Haywick, University of South Alabama
Last Revised: June 30, 2006 (v. Excel 2003)

Introduction

This series of worksheets was designed to process grain size analyses


derived using the pipette and sieve method (Coventry and Fett, 1979). For
details about the methodology of this technique, please refer to Haywick
(1996).

In addition to this instructional page, the following worksheets are contained


within this package (links below take you to those worksheets):

Data Input: (where raw data obtained from grain size analysis is entered and processed)
Histograms: (where grain size histograms are processed and plotted)
Tern. Plot: (Where ternary plots are generated)
Don't Touch: (Where the ternary plot triange is generated. Don't touch this page!

Data entered into the Data Input page will automatically be shunted to the
other worksheets where necessary. To access those worksheets, click the tab
buttons below. Each worksheet is pre-formated to print on North American
standard pages (8.5 x 11 inches). To change to page size (e.g., to A4), use
page set up.

Sediment classification according to Folk or others, is determined by using a


transparent template atop the ternary plot (Haywick, 1996). These data can
be added manually to the Data Input page if desired.

Data Input Page

Record all of your data in the spaces provided on the raw data component of
the page. Do not enter data into the calculations component of this
worksheet. Save the file after you have entered the data. The blank
spreadsheet may have been a "read-only" file. You may be prompted to enter
a new file name before your data can be saved.

Check the data calculation component of this page for any negative values in
the Bulk Grain Size or Histogram calculation columns. Negative values here
usually indicate an input error on the Raw Data section of the worksheet.
Common errors include missing decimal points, transposed numbers and
blank entries.
Histograms
This worksheet consists of 10 separate histograms that are formatted to fit
on three 8.5 x 11 inch pages in landscape mode. If you are doing less than
10 samples, some of the histograms will print out without data. Empty
histograms can be deleted from the worksheet before printing.

To print a single histogram, highlight it and hit the print button in the Standard
Excel toolbar (usually at the top of the page).

Ternary Plot
One of the most important ways of graphically representing grain size data is
via ternary plots. Unfortunately, Excel does not have a ternary plot module
within its standard software package. The ternary plot comprising the third of
the worksheets in this package was obtained from other sources. I have
modified it to use the data collected from this method of grain size analysis,
but I do not claim authorship of this spreadsheet. See the Tri-Plot section
below for details about where this stuff came from.

I do not recommend fooling around with this page. You do, however, have
the ability to;

1: turn on (or off) some of the plot lines on the ternary diagram
2: vary the interval (number) of plot lines on the ternary diagram and,
3: modify the printer correction factor (this affects the output shape of the
ternary diagram)

There are some other ternary plot routines available through either
commercial software (e.g., DeltaGraph), or through shareware.

Don't Touch!
This page comprises the guts of the ternary plot routine and should not be
messed with unless you want to plot different information.

Triangular diagram plotting spreadsheet (TRI-PLOT)

I obtained the ternary plot module of this worksheek package from


colleagues on the SedNet News Group. The original authours of the
worksheet are David Graham (originally at the University of Wales,
Aberystwyth) and Nicholas Midgley (Liverpool John Moores University). The
grain size plot represents one portion of their Tri-Plot spreadsheet.

To generate
The
References SIZE triangular
workbook contains five sheets: diagrams
- This sheet contains instructions and information about TRI-PLOT.
COVENTRY
-This
Thepart
second R.J.
and
of the &third
FETT, D.E.R.
sheets
spreadsheet are1979: A generation
for the
generates pipette triangular
standard andofsieve method
particle offor(Sneed
SHAPE
diagrams and Folk) triangular
the representation of particle diagrams.
size. The
particle
The size
second analysis
sheet and
(SHAPE some
- observations
Data & results) on its
enables efficiency.
data Commonwealth
entry and presents the results
"SIZE - Data & results" sheet can be accessed using the button above or the tab at the bottom of the screen.as a triangular
Scientific
diagram. Industrial Research
The third sheet (SHAPE Organisation
- Calcs.) Division of Soils
works behind theReport,
scenes38, 26pthe calculations.
doing
-The
Theprocedure
fourth andforfifth sheets are
generating for theternary
a SIZE generation
diagramof standard
is almosttriangular
identical diagrams
to that for to represent
shape. particlerequired
The inputs SIZE.
FOLK,
The
are the R.L.,
fourth 1954.(SIZE
sheet
proportion The distinction
of sediment between
- Data &inresults)
each grainsize
ofenables
three size
data and
entry
classes mineral
and
(e.g.presents the results
gravel, sand, mud).whilst
Thesethemustfifthbe
sheet (SIZE
entered
composition
-as
Calcs.) in
does sedimentary
the rock
calculations. nomenclature. Journal of Geology, 62, 344-
a percentage and total 100. An error is given if the data do not sum to 100. The only other significant
359.
Only the curious
differences are isorthat
those who
there wish
is no to modify
option theaspreadsheet
to draw C40 line andwilltheneed to look
line and tickatplotting
the calculations
parameters sheets.
are more
To generate
The SIZE triangular
workbook contains five sheets: diagrams
- This sheet contains instructions and information about TRI-PLOT.
COVENTRY
-This
Thepart
second R.J.
of theand &third
FETT, D.E.R.
sheets
spreadsheet are1979: A generation
for the
generates pipette triangular
standard andof sieve method
particle offor(Sneed
SHAPE
diagrams and Folk) triangular
the representation of particle diagrams.
size. The
particle
The size
second analysis
sheet and
(SHAPE some
- observations
Data & results) on its
enables efficiency.
data Commonwealth
entry and presents the results
"SIZE - Data & results" sheet can be accessed using the button above or the tab at the bottom of the screen. as a triangular
Scientific
diagram. Industrial Research
The third sheet (SHAPEOrganisation
- Calcs.) Division of Soils
works behind theReport,
scenes38, 26pthe calculations.
doing
-The
Theprocedure
fourth andfor fifth sheets are
generating for theternary
a SIZE generation
diagramof standard
is almosttriangular
identical diagrams
to that for to represent
shape. particlerequired
The inputs SIZE.
FOLK,
The
are the R.L.,
fourth 1954.(SIZE
sheet
proportion The distinction
of sediment between
- Data &inresults)
each grainsize
ofenables
three size
data and
entry
classes mineral
and
(e.g.presents the results
gravel, sand, mud).whilst
Thesethemustfifthbe
sheet (SIZE
entered
composition
-asCalcs.) doesin sedimentary
the rock
calculations. nomenclature. Journal of Geology, 62, 344-
a percentage and total 100. An error is given if the data do not sum to 100. The only other significant
359.
Only the curious
differences are isorthatthose
therewho wish
is no to modify
option theaspreadsheet
to draw C40 line andwill theneed to look
line and tickatplotting
the calculations
parameters sheets.
are more
limited.
GRAHAM,
To generate D.J. andSHAPE MIDGLEY,(SneedN.G. and
2000:Folk)
Graphical representation
triangular of
diagrams
particle shape using triangular diagrams: an Excel spreadsheet method.
Earth Surface
This part of theProcesses
spreadsheet andgenerates
Landforms, 25, 1473-1477.
ternary diagrams for the representation of particle shape as
recommended by Benn and Ballantyne (1993) and first proposed by Sneed and Folk (1958). The inputs
HAYWICK,
required areD.W., 1996.
the a-, Manual
b- and c-axisoflengths
Pipetteof
andtheSieve Particle
particles. TheAnalysis.
"SHAPE - Data & results" sheet can be accessed
University of South Alabama Bookstore Publication, 35pp.
using the button above or the tab at the bottom of the screen. The sheet contains three areas: the data entry
area, the plotting parameters area and the triangular diagram itself.
SHEPARD, F.P., 1954. Nomenclature based upon sand-silt-clay ratios.
Journal of Sedimentary
Data entry area Petrology 24, 151-158.
Type the a-axis, b-axis and c-axis dimensions of each clast into the table. The units of measurement are not
important, as long as they are consistent. Error messages are displayed in blue. The triangular diagram will
Citation Information
update as data are entered. The data entry area is set up initially to accept data for 50 clasts. Samples of less
than 50 clasts do not require the spreadsheet to be altered. Samples of more than 50 clasts require that the
spreadsheet
I believe in free is altered by copying
discimination the formulae
of information andinpermit
columnsuseAand/or
- J of the calculations sheet the required number
of times.
modification of this series of worksheets by any non-commerical
organization or individual pursuing scientific enquiry. It is my understanding
Plotting
that David parameters
Graham and area
Midgley also feel this way (The original
This
spreadsheet contained theoffollowing
area defines aspects how thetext:
triangular
"Usersdiagram
are freewill appear and
to modify on the screen and when printed.
distribute TRI-PLOT provided the original source is referenced in any
The printer
modified correction parameter is used to scale the vertical axis of the diagram so the triangle is equilateral.
version").
This is necessary because it is not possible to instruct Excel to scale charts. Experiment to obtain satisfactory
results on screen
If you have borrowedand the
from a printer.
Tri-Plot Alternatively,
component of thisthe diagram may
worksheet, pleasebe scaled using the mouse.
contact David Graham and/or cite Graham and Midgley (see reference
The tickIfinterval
below). you areparameter
using thisdefines
worksheet the package
frequencyfor ofgrain
tick marks on the axes of the diagram. Acceptable inputs
size analysis,
are
please0 and
cite:from 0.05 to 0.5 but must divide into 1 (i.e. 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.25, 0.5). If 0 is entered, no ticks are
plotted. An error message is given if an unacceptable value is entered.
Haywick, D. W., 2006. An Excel spreadsheet for processing pipette and
The
sievetick length
grain sizeparameter defines theUniversity
data. [Unpublished], length of tick marksAlabama,
of South on the axes of the diagram. Acceptable inputs are
Mobile,
from 0 to
AL USA 36688 0.2. An error message is given if an unacceptable value is entered. If 0 is entered, no ticks are
plotted.

The
Grainplot C40
Size line? parameter
Analysis Contactdetermines whether a line is drawn across the diagram to indicate the C40 index
(Spring 2006):
value
Doug Haywick, Department of Earth Sciences,not
(c/a=0.4). Acceptable inputs are N (line plotted) and
University Y (line plotted). Other inputs will result in an error
of South
message.
Alabama, Mobile AL, 36688 USA
E-mail: dhaywick@jaguar1.usouthal.edu
The L+R axis lines? parameter determines whether lines are drawn across the diagram from the tick marks on
the left and
Tri-Plot right axes.
Contact Acceptable
(Spring 2002): inputs are N (line not plotted) and Y (line plotted). Other inputs will result in
an error message. The lines
David Graham, Department of are drawn at the
Geography, interval
Martin specified
Hall, by the tick interval parameter.
Loughborough,
Leicestershire LE11 3TU UK.
The Bot'm
E-mail: axis lines? parameter determines whether lines are drawn across the diagram from the tick marks
D.J.Graham@lboro.ac.uk
on the bottom axis. Acceptable inputs are N (line not plotted) and Y (line plotted). Other inputs will result in an
error message. The lines are drawn at the interval specified by the tick interval parameter.

The Bot'm axis ticks? parameter determines whether tick marks are plotted on the bottom axis. Acceptable
inputs are N (ticks not plotted) and Y (ticks plotted). Other inputs will result in an error message. The ticks are
drawn with the frequency and length specified by the tick interval and tick length parameters.

Modifications to the triangular diagram


The triangular diagram itself may be modified to change line thickness, symbols used etc.. Each aspect of the
diagram is saved as a different data series and may be altered in the standard way for Excel charts. The table
below lists the data series that comprise the chart. Additional data series may be added in the standard way to
allow multiple data sets to be plotted on a single diagram. Refer to the Excel manual or help for further details
of how to modify charts.

Data series that comprise the triangular diagram:


The Bot'm axis ticks? parameter determines whether tick marks are plotted on the bottom axis. Acceptable
inputs are N (ticks not plotted) and Y (ticks plotted). Other inputs will result in an error message. The ticks are
drawn with the frequency and length specified by the tick interval and tick length parameters.

Modifications to the triangular diagram


The triangular diagram itself may be modified to change line thickness, symbols used etc.. Each aspect of the
diagram is saved as a different data series and may be altered in the standard way for Excel charts. The table
below lists the data series that comprise the chart. Additional data series may be added in the standard way to
allow multiple data sets to be plotted on a single diagram. Refer to the Excel manual or help for further details
of how to modify charts.

Data series that comprise the triangular diagram:


) triangular
on of particle diagrams.
size. The
as a triangular
bottom of the screen.
ns.
resent
e. particlerequired
The inputs SIZE.
st the
ese mustfifthbe
sheet (SIZE
entered
other significant
culations sheets.
parameters are more
) triangular
on of particle diagrams.
size. The
as a triangular
bottom of the screen.
ns.
resent
e. particlerequired
The inputs SIZE.
st the
ese mustfifthbe
sheet (SIZE
entered
other significant
culations sheets.
parameters are more

e shape as
58). The inputs
sheet can be accessed
areas: the data entry

easurement are not


ngular diagram will
asts. Samples of less
asts require that the
the required number

hen printed.

riangle is equilateral.
to obtain satisfactory
mouse.

m. Acceptable inputs
ered, no ticks are

cceptable inputs are


ed, no ticks are

ndicate the C40 index


ts will result in an error

from the tick marks on


er inputs will result in
eter.

m from the tick marks


nputs will result in an
r.

m axis. Acceptable
essage. The ticks are
ters.

c.. Each aspect of the


xcel charts. The table
n the standard way to
help for further details
m axis. Acceptable
essage. The ticks are
ters.

c.. Each aspect of the


xcel charts. The table
n the standard way to
help for further details
Ternary Plot Generation Page
Any changes to the data on this paper may result in unexpected and unwanted modifications to
the ternary plot diagram. DO NOT TOUCH ANYTHING ON THIS PAGE
Acknowledgments
This plotting routine was adopted with minor changes
from a spreadsheet written by:

David Graham (University of Wales, Aberystwyth)


and
Nicholas Midgley (Liverpool John Moores University)

Click here for additional reference and source information

Plotting parameters
Printer correction: 1.1
Tick interval: 0.1
Tick length: 0.03

Plot lines?: 0
Data area Calculated values: do not change
Graph co-ordinates
point no. left right bottom Point no. x y
1 30 35 35 0 0.5 0.28578
2 20 60 20 0 0.7 0.19052
3 15 22 63 0 0.295 0.14289
4 40 30 30 0 0.5 0.38104
5 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
6 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
7 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
8 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
9 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
10 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Calculations area: do not change

Triangle outline C40 line


x y x
0.5 0.9526 0
0 0 0
1 0
0.5 0.9526

Left axis ticks


Tick position x y
0 0 0
-0.03 0
0 0
0.1 0.05 0.09526
0.02 0.09526
0.05 0.09526
0.2 0.1 0.19052
0.07 0.19052
0.1 0.19052
0.3 0.15 0.28578
0.12 0.28578
0.15 0.28578
0.4 0.2 0.38104
0.17 0.38104
0.2 0.38104
0.5 0.25 0.4763
0.22 0.4763
0.25 0.4763
0.6 0.3 0.57156
0.27 0.57156
0.3 0.57156
0.7 0.35 0.66682
0.32 0.66682
0.35 0.66682
0.8 0.4 0.76208
0.37 0.76208
0.4 0.76208
0.9 0.45 0.85734
0.42 0.85734
0.45 0.85734
1 0.5 0.9526
0.47 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526
y
0
0

Right axis ticks Left axis lines Right axis lines


x y x y x y
1 0 0 0 0 0
1.015 0.028578 0 0
1 0
0.95 0.09526 0 0 0 0
0.965 0.123838 0 0 0 0
0.95 0.09526
0.9 0.19052 0 0 0 0
0.915 0.219098 0 0 0 0
0.9 0.19052
0.85 0.28578 0 0 0 0
0.865 0.314358 0 0 0 0
0.85 0.28578
0.8 0.38104 0 0 0 0
0.815 0.409618 0 0 0 0
0.8 0.38104
0.75 0.4763 0 0 0 0
0.765 0.504878 0 0 0 0
0.75 0.4763
0.7 0.57156 0 0 0 0
0.715 0.600138 0 0 0 0
0.7 0.57156
0.65 0.66682 0 0 0 0
0.665 0.695398 0 0 0 0
0.65 0.66682
0.6 0.76208 0 0 0 0
0.615 0.790658 0 0 0 0
0.6 0.76208
0.55 0.85734 0 0 0 0
0.565 0.885918 0 0 0 0
0.55 0.85734
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.515 0.981178 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.9526
Bottom axis lines Bottom axis ticks
x y x-calc y-calc x y
0 0 0 0 0 0
0.015 -0.02858 0.015 -0.02858
0 0 0 0
0 0 0.1 0 0.1 0
0 0 0.115 -0.02858 0.115 -0.02858
0.1 0 0.1 0
0 0 0.2 0 0.2 0
0 0 0.215 -0.02858 0.215 -0.02858
0.2 0 0.2 0
0 0 0.3 0 0.3 0
0 0 0.315 -0.02858 0.315 -0.02858
0.3 0 0.3 0
0 0 0.4 0 0.4 0
0 0 0.415 -0.02858 0.415 -0.02858
0.4 0 0.4 0
0 0 0.5 0 0.5 0
0 0 0.515 -0.02858 0.515 -0.02858
0.5 0 0.5 0
0 0 0.6 0 0.6 0
0 0 0.615 -0.02858 0.615 -0.02858
0.6 0 0.6 0
0 0 0.7 0 0.7 0
0 0 0.715 -0.02858 0.715 -0.02858
0.7 0 0.7 0
0 0 0.8 0 0.8 0
0 0 0.815 -0.02858 0.815 -0.02858
0.8 0 0.8 0
0 0 0.9 0 0.9 0
0 0 0.915 -0.02858 0.915 -0.02858
0.9 0 0.9 0
0 0 1 0 1 0
0 0 1.015 -0.02858 1.015 -0.02858
1 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0