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: 5. SEPTEMBER, 1915. Price, Ten Cents.









The Story of France

THE ROMAN CONQUEST: The Gauls, the Druids, the
Minstrels, etc.
THE PRANKISH CONQUEST: Clovis, the Triumph of
Christianity, Defeat of Saracens, etc.
THE DARK AGES: Feudalism, Superstition, Papal Power
and Tyranny, Religious Persecutions.
JOAN OF ARC : Her pure girlhood; heroic nfission; saves
France ; burnt to death by priests of Rome; then cano-
nized as a saint.
Church and State.
it in
The Rule of the Harlots, both Church and State.
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. The Dragonnades.
Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte, and reorganization of
both Church and State.

In the preparation of this work, the author exhausted all

theknown sources of information, and no work on the subject
has superseded his. It is standard, and will remain so.
Mr. Watson bought out his publishers, the MacMillans,
and he now owns plates, copyright and all.

The Jeffetsonian Publishing Co.

July, 1914 Thomson, - Georgia
Watson's Magazine
tncered as second-ciass matter January 4, 1911, at the Post Office at Thomson, Georgia,
Under the e/lct of March 3. 1879.


Vol. XXL SEPTEMBER, 1915 No, 5









% 'A




Thos. E. Watson
August, 1915
Watson's Magazine

TKe Dark Ages; TTie Extinction of Learning

TRe Renaissance and the Beginning of Modern Intellectual

Eenaissance, the Revival of but also the 20-volume history of the

Learning, is itself a tremendous Etrurian people which the Emperor
indictment of Popery, Why Claudius had caused the Roman sages
should there have been in Europe such to carefully compile.
a night of ignorance and superstition, (See Old Etruria and Modem Tus-
that the old Pagan hooks had to he cany, p. 10, by M. L. Cameron.
called upon to sound the trump of Methuen & Co., London. Publishers,
Resurrection? 1909.)
Is it not the utmost condemnation The Emperor Justinian was the
of what the Roman Catholic hierarchy Catholic bigot who shut up the classic
had done for Europe, that the literary schools, and dispersed the teachers.
genius of Paganism had to be invoked How can the modern student doubt
to revive learning and civilization?
the causes of the mental decadence of
Blessed be the Revival: accursed be Europe, when he learns that the
they who made such a re-birth of Roman priests burnt the vast accumu-
Letters necessary. and at
lations of books at Alexandria
Who were the men, and what was Rome, and that they influenced the
the influence which had put out the emperors to abolish the schools?
light of learning, brought on the
What can the human race do, when
Dark Ages, and made the Renaissance
the religious caste gains such power
an era in historj^?
over the governmental machiner}'^, that
It was a pope that had the vast
it can compel the destruction of liter-
imperial libraries of Rome hurned!
The name of this foe to learning was
Gregory the Great. It was he who How can the multitude learn, when
proclaimed that ins^Diring and char- there is nobody to teach?

acteristic papal dogma, '"'Ignorance is If the Roman

Catholic Church calls
the mother of devotion P'' Gregory the Great, because that pre-
In the destruction of the Palatine late gains such control over the State,
collection of manuscripts, disappeared as to forbid school-teaching, burn the
forever some of the richest treasures Emperor's priceless libraries, and
of the ancient world. annihilate culture, why should the
Among those lost treasures were defenders of that church deny the
not only the missing books of Livy, natural consequences ?
.over which scholars so much mourn. If men can become educated and
enlightened, without books and with- Instead of Homer, Sophocles, Euri-
out teachers, tell us how/ pides,Virgil, Horace, and Juvenal,
The pope whom the Catholics calk'd the little band of Europeans who
"Great," gloried in his temporary could read, bent their dutiful heads
obliteration of existing literature, and over manuscripts which told of how
he established the maxim that, '"ignor- the Devil appeared here, and how
ance is the mother of devotion." the Virgin Mary appeared yonder,
That being done, the Dark Ages fell and how the holy bones of some
upon Europe, and mankind groped in most blessed Martyr had wrought

m ''M

. i 1


midnight gloom for a thousand years. marvels for them that truly believed.
Civilization disappeared. In Ha Ham's Middle Ages, in
Instead of the histories of Livy, Buckle's History of Civilization, in
Tacitus, Suetonius, Thucidydes, Hero- Draper's Intellectual Progress of
dotus, and Xenophon, those Euro- Europe, and in many other standard
peans who could read at all, had to works, you may find samples of the
swallow such gruel as the ludicrous mental hog-wash that the Roman
writings of (iregory of Tours. Catholic Church doted on, during
Instead of Plutarch, Plato, Seneca, those Dark Ages she brought upon
Marcus, Aurelius, and Epictetus, few the world.
Christians who could gain access to In many of the books on subjects
books had to debauch their common hitherto neglected, we find references
sense with most blessed, most miracu- to the contents of the libraries belong-
lous, and most childish "Lives of the ing to kings, colleges, and universi-
Saints." ties.

Information of this sort throws a inventory of the library showed thir-

flood of Wght on the mental culture of ty-five volumes.
the Dark Ages. Tlie University of Oxford had the
"Wlien we find
that a great univer- finest literar}^ collection in England.
sit}' owns almost no booksat all, ex- Kings, lords ,and bishops made dona-
cepting Roman Catholic "devotionals," tions to it, until, in 1440, the volumes
we need no further evidence to con- numbered about 400.
vince us that the people had no litera- The next best collection was at
ture whatever. Peterhouse, where they gloated over
"Old English Libraries," is the title
380 volumes all securely chained, to
of a volume issued in 1912 by A. C. prevent the "religious" from stealing
McClurg, Chicago: the author is the be-jeweled covers.
Ernest A, Savage. So exceptional was it for a mere
The book is exceedingly valuable clerk (a parish priest) to own a book
because of what it reveals concerning of any sort, that the poet Chaucer
the attitude of Church toward
the mentions, as a distinguished fact, that
Learning. One is amazed to find the fifth husband of the Wife of Bath,
that metallic chains were used to an Oxford priest, "hadde a book."
fasten each Hymnal and Breviary, Apparently, her other husbands had
and Selections from the Bible to the never possessed so rare a treasure.
walls; and we cannot understand why Yet the Papist writers of 1915 are
it was necessary to chain these books endeavoring to convince mankind that
from the seizure of the reading there was never such a period as the
monks, until we read the following Dark Ages, and that literaiy culture
passage from St. Jerome was more excellent and universal in
"Books are clothed with precious the Middle Ages than at present
stones, whilst Christ's poor die at the even though it was an age when hogs,
door." cattle, and outlaws ran loose, while

We are told the very few

that the pitiful little array of books was
copies of devotional works possessed chained to the walls inside the cathe-
by the Catholic churches, were richly drals, and the universities!

adorned with gold, silver, and gems; In 1910, a Boston publishing house

one of these The Gospels of Lindau brought out a work entitled, "Royal
bearing nearly 500 gems encrusted Palaces and Parks of France."
in gold. On page 83, we are told that King
Obviously, they had to chain the
John the Good of France, who reigned
in the middle of the fourteenth cen-
book, to keep some larcenous monk
tury, had a royal library consisting
from making off with the gems. (See
page 108, Old English Libraries.) of eleven volumes, four of these books
being "devotional." When a crowned
The Exeter Cathedral Library had
head of such a progressive nation as
amassed a hoard of sixty devotional
the French possessed only seven books
of any value, what must have been
In the Corpus Christi College, Cam- the utter lack of literature among the
bridge, there were, in 1327, a collec- common people
tion of 230 volumes, the harvest of The successor of John the Good,
200 years of accumulation. made great efl'orts to collect a library
In the Salisbury Cathedral, there and, after all his exertions, his cata-
were, in the fifteenth century, nearly logue, made in 1373, showed only 910
200 manuscripts, mostly devotional. volumes, considered "an immense
In St. Paul's Cathedral, 1245, the number for those times."
The historians say that the Renais- Erasmus in doing enormous harm to
sance Ix'gan with "the lieretics," such the hierarchy which sought, in Ciirist's
as Abehird. and the Arabian, Aver- name, to rule the world through fear,
roes, and his great patron, Frederick Ignorance, and superstition.
II., "the arch-heretic." They men- lie rejected all pojiish stories of
tion Roger Bacon, the pioneer in marvels and mirncles. used iiis shrewd
physical science, whom the Church common sense in the study of all ques-
iiuprisoned for fourten years, because tions,was a devoted student of the
of his independence of research. pagan classics, and held the Roman
Petrarch, they call the "almost, first Catholic literature in deepest con-
collector and loving studewt of Latin tempt.
Utanuscripts, the Christian who adored The supreme work of the Renais-
the pagan thinkers." sance (at least of that of Italy), is
If such a patrician, poet and scholar by John Addington Symonds, a
as Petrarch was under the necessity shorter version of which was prepared
of searching, here and there, in by Alfred Pearson, in 1893.
obscure corners and cup-boards, to (Charles Scribner's Sons, New York,
find a hidden classic, what must have published an edition of it ; and this,
been the ignorance of the common I am using.)
plebians On page 136, is the statement:
No complete copy of Virgil could "We however, justified in hail-
he found until the year 1469. Greg- ing Petrarch as the Columbus of a
ory the Great had burnt every Roman neAv spiritual hemisphere, the discov-
classic he could lay his fanatical erer of modern culture. . . .

hands on "From him the inspiration needed

At that very time, the splendid to quicken curiosity and stimulate
schools of the Mohammedan Caliphs zeal for knowledge proceeded.
were malring Bagdad and Alexandria "But for his intervention in tiie
seats of learning; the manuscripts fourteenth century, it is possible that
that had escaped Time and the the Revival of Learning, and all that
fanatics were being industriously col- it implies, might have heen delayed
lected; and scribes were kept busy too late. (Italics mine.)
making copies for general use. In "The vast influence he immediately
Spain, the Moors had established such exercised" (because of his school of
magnificent colleges that students disciples in "while Dante
from all over Europe eagerly sought remained
among the disciples of Mahomet, the inoperative, proves that the age was
learning which was a forbidden, im- specially prepared to receive his in-
possible thing in the realm of the spiration^''
popes. Petrarch died in 1453. It was in
(See Sismondi's History Literature 1478, twenty-five years later, that
of Southern Europe, Vol. I.) Pope Sixtus IV. set up the devilish
Another great forerunner of the Inquisition in Spain, and began to
Revival of Learning, was the French burn Jews, Moors and Spaniards who
skeptic, Montaigne, who lived within were tainted with mental indepen-

the Church which he laughed at dence.
and kissed the foot of the pope, whose During the next four years, two
monstrous imposture he punctured thousand human
beings were burnt
with his pen. alive, in the single province of Cas-
As a conventional Catholic, he tile. Andalusia became a shambles;
resembled Rabelais, Abelard, and m some places, a desert.

In 1492, Torqiiemada appeared be- a censorship of the press, requiring

fore Ferdinand and Isabella, raised that a papal license be obtained before
his crucifix, and cried, "Judas sold any book should be issued.
Christ for thirty pieces of silver; sell In the list of authors condemned by
ye him for a larger sum, and account this papal Brief, and placed on the
tor the same to God." Index, from time to time, appear the
It was enough. In those days, when names of Dante, Arisoto, Francis
a pope, or a priest, declared God's Bacon, Boccaccio, Bruno, Bishop Bur-
pleasure, no man dared say that the nett (who wrote the standard His-
pope knew no more what God's pleas- tory of the Reformation in England),
ure was than any one else. The John Calvin, Chambers (on account
priest's will, is God's will, and if you of his Encyclopedia), Bayle (on ac-
oppose a priest, vou are an enemy of count of his celebrated Historical Dic-
God. tionary,) COPERNICUS (on account
That is literally the priest's point of his work on Astronomy, which is
of view, and to the extent that he can now the accepted theory of all the
impress it upon others, he usurps world), John Burchard (on account
God''s place in this world, and the of the Diary which revealed the
next. shameful private life in the Vatican),
And I fear that all organized priest- ERASMUS (on account of his Praise
hoods are dreadfuly alike, in that of Folly, Familiar Colloquies, Insti-
respect. tution of Christian Marriages, S;c.,),
As fast as they could flee the mur- MONTAIGNE (on account of his
derous rage of the Roman Catholic Essays), MILTON, on account of his
priests of Spain, 800,000 Jews got out Paradise Lost, as well as his defense
of the blighted land, leaving houses of free printing popular government.
and chattels, gold and silver, glad to But what had been, for a thousand
escape with their lives. years, the attitude and the policy of
It was this lustful and savage beast, the Roman Catholic Church toward
Pope Sixtus, whose name is yet borne classic culture'^ What had been her
by the Sistine chapel, at the Vatican, principle and her practise, in regard
where other popes, no better at heart, to the very masterpieces of ancient
carry on their pagan rites. learning and genius which are now
(Symonds' Short History of the the text-books in all academies, and
Renaissance, pages 67, 8 and 9.) the treasures of all libraries?
It was on June 1, 1501, Alexander On page 132 of Symond's History,
and Lucretia
VI., the father of Caesar we read:
Borgia, the pope who caused Savo- "The Church, while battling with
narola to be burned, the pope who paganism, recognized her deadliest foe
murdered many, and who finally pois- in literature^
oned himself in his effort to poison Therefore, the classic literature must

Cardinal Corneto it was just a few be destroyed. And so thoroughly was
years after Columbus landed in the the fatal work done in the pope's
Bahama Islands, that Pope Alexander kingdoms, that when Poggio acci-
VI. endeavored to shackle the free dentally discovered a hidden copy of
thoughts and pens of scholars, hy Quintilian, his lucky find was the sen-
estahlishing the Index of prohibited sation of the day
hool's. There were European enthusiasts
By this Brief, the worst pope that who devoted their lives to the diligent
had reigned at Kome since the days search for the exceedingly few ancient
of Pope John, the Sodomist, created manuscripts that had been hidden
awa}', and thus saved from the de- Greek Catholic monastery at Mount
vouring fanaticism of Papal Kome. Athos, on the Sinaitic peninsula, the
When Ciriaeo di Ancona was asked same monastery which was in posses-
the purpose of his continual wander- sion of an older Bible than that whicii
ing in search of manuscripts, he was kept under lock and key at
nobly answered, "/ go to awake the Rome. (Hudson's Renaissance^ page
deadr 46.)
(See Hudson's Renaissance^ page Says Hudson, on page 38, "A bar-
38.) rier of ignoranceand misunderstand-
The pagans had to be called back to ing had been reared hy theology,,
life order that learning and civ-
in between the mind of the mediaeval
ilization might once more bless man- man and that of the classic ages."
kind. Why not confess the whole truth,
In the time of Petrarch and Boc- in the words of naked candor: the
caccia, therewas no grammar and no Roman Catholic prelates realized that
dictionary in existence, throughout they could not impose their system, on
Italy: and the student had to depend the human race, UNLESS CLASSIC
on oral instruction. (Hudson, page LITERATURE WAS DE-
Not only did Europe have to rely It would have been futile, to forbid
upon the Mohammedans and the men to think, and at the same time
Greek Catholics for teachers, but for permit them to read the books which
books, also; and without these Arab supplied them with ideas.
and Greek teachers, it is impossible The absolute fact is, that the almost
to see how Koman Catholic Europe complete destruction of ancient litera-
would ever have emerged from dark- ture was a necessary part of the
ness. Roman system to enslave the European
After the pioneer teachers had w^orld.
kindled enthusiasm for the pagan We owe our emancipation, and our
classics, the great Medici family im- salvation, to the Greek Catholics, to
ported literature by the ship-load
the Arab scholars, to the dauntless
from the East, and even the popes skeptics, and to such martyrs as
became purchasers of what their pre- Arnold of Brescia, Jerome of Prague,
decessors had anathematized.
John Huss, Tyndale and Wyclitie, an<
Nicholas V. paid 500 ducats for a the invincible ex-monk, Martin Lu-
copy of Polybius, 1,000 florins for
Strabo, and is said to have collected
The man and the occasion met,
5,000 of the old pagan works. (Hud-
when Martin Luther threw off the
son, p. 44.)
yoke of Rome, appealed to the Bible,
Lorenzo de Medici (the Magnifi-
and defied the Powers of earth
cent) sent the Greek scholar, Lascaris,
on two journeys to the East, in quest Since then, the world has gone for-
of the precious books whose European ward, wherever the pope has been
versionsand copies had all been de- scorned and defied, as Luther scorned
stroyed by the Roman Catholic and defied him.
Church. These treasures which the Learning heard a Gabriel's trump,
Greek Catholics had preserved, were and came forth in radiant Resurrec-
brought to Florence, and from thence tion.
copies travelled over Europe. It is Men breathed again, and the un-
curious to note, that Lascaris obtained shackled human brain started the loom
200 of these ancient classics from the of Modernism, from which has been

woven such a wondrous garment for and of Europe, they have it so, right
the re-clothing of old earth. now. (Peru, Austria, and to a lesser
For more than ten hundred years, degree Spain.)
Europe had hardly advanced a step. Toforever escape the paralyzing
It was a deadly sin to inquire. It clutches of Idngs, popes, and priest-
was heresy to advance. hoods, our forefathers fled to the
The tortured Galileo found it so: North American wilderness, and
Corpenicus found it so: Roger Bacon founded this republic upon anti-papal
found it so: Wyclitfe found it so: principles.
Bruno found it so: Abelard found No truthful student will contradict
it so. this statement, without contradicting
The popes ruled by direct succession our Declaration of Independence, our
from Jesus Christ: the kings ruled by Constitution, and our Bill of Rights.
Divine Eight, as ascertained by the Unless we are cravenly false to the
popes: the people were nothing. principles of our ancestors, and totally
It was theirs to obey, to toil and unworthy of the bloody sacrifices with
moil, to be thankfully content with which they wrested our civil rights
the condition in which they found and religious liberties from popes and
themselves. It was theirs to support kings, the stealthy and sinister en-
Sir Pope, Sir Priest, Sir King, and croachments of the Italian hierarchy
Sir Noble. will be met at all points, by Ameri-
The dogma that sovereignty is cans who are ready to fight and to
vested in the people, and that all just die for our inheritance, as our fore-
government is based on the consent of fathers were to win it.
the governed, was a damnable heresy, So far as the religions of Christen-
a deadly sin. dom are concerned, popery
is the only
In the eyes of popes, there was no system which has reduced the layman
legality, or permissibility in democra- to a cipher, voiceless, voteless, and
cies and republics. Monarchies, alone, impotent. He luxuriates in one priv-
were lawful, and pleasing in the sight ilege only, that of taking orders from
of the Lora. the priesthood, and paying all the ex-
For, look you did not the pope
! penses. The Roman church kindly
appoint the cardinals, and did not the allows the laj'man to dip his fingers
cardinals appoint the pope? into the holy water, and into his own
Yea, verily. The laity and the pockets. The priest furnishes the
lower clergy had no voice in the mat- water, and the layman furnishes
ter. From generation to generation, everything else.
popes named cardinals^ and cardinals Even the candles have no virtues,
named popes. until the priests have blessed the
A closer corporation was never beeswax. When the laymen buy the
known. It was self-elective, self-per- tapers, the clerical middleman enjoys
petuating, absolute in authority, and his unctions laugh at the expense of
beyond the reach of any Recall. industrious laborers on each side of
"What the popes had at length made
him the busy bee that made the wax,
of the Church, they wanted the State and the busy biped who sweated for
to be. the coin which paid for the candle.
they had it so in the Dark A "religion" which closes the mouth
Ages. They had it so, even in the and mind of the layman, while it
Middle Ages. They had it so, in exercises unlimited sovereignty over
some countries, a dozen years ago. his pocketbook and his filial obedi-
In some parts of South America, ence, is most assuredly a sort of Tro-
jan horse entering the citadels of cigars, and rum. But the same shops
modern enlightenment. also manufacture Madonnas, Saints,
Nothing is more puzzling to the and Crucifixes for the Christians; and
average non-Catholic than the mental these images are sold throughout the
despotism Avhich a low-class, ignorant lands of Roman Catholicism, to be
priest can establish over educated and worshipped with exactly the same out-
really intellectual laymen. ward manifestations that the heathen
We cannot grow accustomed to the display.
phenomena of this utter prostration The Romanist priest is quick to
of Reason. We
never get used to see- explain that his devotees worship, not

ing brave citizens manly, intelligent, the idol, but the idea bodied forth by
and progressive in all other respects the image. The heathen priest tells
quail before a threatened denial of us the same story.
"absolution," cringe before a hint of Whom shall we believe?
excommunication, and fall on their To our dispassionate eyes, there is
knees when a flat little cake of bread no discernible difference between the
passes by, escorted by frock-wearing heathen kneeling before his man-made
men who say that they have turned images, and the Christians prostrate
the wafer into Jesus Christ. before man-made Virgin and Saint.
In every realm where facts can be How can we know there is a differ-
ascertained by research, and weighed ence? Particularly, when we see that
with an intelligent sense of propor- the Roman Catholics exercise a
tion, the human mind has achieved decided preference for some idols over
marvellously; but in those mysterious others, and are ready to murder the
regions, where nothing can be laiown, scoffer who breaks, or defiles, one of
nothing seen, nothing proven, we sur- those gods made out of wood and
render as tamely, as completely, as stone ?
pussillanimously, as the negroes of In the years when our forefathers
San Domingo capitulate to the sav- were slowly drifting into the Revolu-
age, unkempt, utterly ignorant Papa- tionary War or 1T76, the Roman Cath-
loi and Mamaloi of Vaudroux. olics of France seized, imprisoned,
the most astounding, appall-
It is tortured, and beheaded a young
ing, and insoluble phenomena of the Frenchman who failed to take off his
twentieth century. That the poor hat, as the priests carried the bread
black man should fall down and wor- and the idols through the streets. His
ship a god of his own making, is a name was Chevalier De la Barre.
wonder m itself: that brown men and Before killing him, they tore out his
yellow men should do it, excites our tongue by the roots, and chopped off'
derisionand abhorrence: but that the his right hand. After chopping his
Caucasian should do it the Caucasian head from his shoulders, they burned
of the academy and of the exclusive his body. All this was done in the
circles of high society, as well as the presence of the Bishop La Motte. It
Caucasian who does not know the was July 1, 1766.
alphabet is absolutely the most be- The clergy of non-Catholic Chris-
wildering, stupifying and benumbing tian sects do not claim any peculiar
miracle of the ages. powers. They do not pretend to work
In Christendom, you will find shops miracles, forgive sins, and carry the
where idols are made for the heathen; keys of an imaginary place called pur-
and these images are shipped abroad gatory. They do not claim that their
m the ordinary course of trade, just ownership of the disciple should ex-
as though they were hats, shoes, tend from the cradle in which he is

born, to the bed in which he lies with the most illiterate and superstitious
his wife, and to the cemetery in which people on earths
his bones shall decay. They do not Let us try to understand clearly and
arrogate to themselves the right to fully what it is that the Roman Cath-
forbid civil marriage, dictate educa- olic priest claims for himself. Let us
tion,and no sinner shall
to say that bear in mind that every priest must
approach his bavior excepting througli necessarily be the equal of every other.
the priest thus making a mediator If one of them possesses supernatural
to the Mediator! power, by virtue of the sacerdotal
Much less do the non-Catholic clergy office, all the others possess it. If one
usurp the right of the layman in the is incapable of sin, can pardon sin,

matter of reading books, shutting him and compel Christ to leave Heaven
otf from the inestimable privilege of and come down upon the altar to be
seeking the Truth in his own way, broken and eaten by the laity then
with his own intelligence. the others are of the same supernat-
Pardon me for illustrating by a ural character, whether they be Celt
recent example how this popish policy or Saxon, Jew or Gentile, Latin or
cuts the Catholic laj^man otf from the Cossack, black or white.
historic events which everybody else The proposition is stupendous, but
knows. I quote from a newspaper Romanist logic must face its inevitable
item which recently went the rounds conclusions.
of the press: What are the supernatural qualities
of a popish priest?

London. A curious little story is told Let Romanist priests be heard to
about King Alfonso of Spain. He recently answer.
visitedBayonne and inspected the local
Cardinal Bernard Vaughan, of Eng-
museum, which contained, among other
treasures, a realistic picture of the death land, in The Foreign Church
of Henry IV. of France. Chronicle.,March 1, 1898, that the
After looking intently at the picture, priestly power enables a man "by
King Alfonso suddenly exclaimed: means of the word of consecration, to
"But Henry is not dying a natural
cause the Body and Blood of Christ
"Of course," remarked one of his to become present under the appear-
French guides, diplomatically, "your maj- ance of bread and wine, and to offer
esty remembers that Henry was assas- them up sacrifically.
He is a priest solely
(the priest)
But King Alfonso did not remember.
because he has the office and power of
"By whom was he killed, then?" he
asked. effecting the real objective Presence
"He was killed by a monk named on ail altar of the true Blood and
Ravaillac," said the guide. Body of Jesus Christ, and thereby
Then the king appeared to comprehend, Him up in sacrifice."
for he exclaimed:
"A king killed by a monk! Now I The French priests say, in Le
understand why the story was never told Manrez du Prefre
me." "What is the priest? He is at once
God and man.''''
If a king could be kept in absolute Addressing the priesthood, it says,
ijrnorance of how another king, in the "Your creation, your daily creation,
adjoining Kingdom^, came to his death IS no less than the Word Himself made
by the hand of a fanatical agent of flesh.
the Romanist priests, how can you be 'T do not flatter you with pious
surprised that the peasants of Spain, hyperboles when I call you gods.
and other pope-ruled countries, are "You are creators, as Mary was.
when she co-operated in the Incarna- 5. Isaacson, with a Preface by the
tion. Uishop of Durham.
^^God can make other universes, hut The \()hime contains the stories of
lie cannot make under the sun a about forty Irishmen, Englishmen,
greater nation than your sacrifice. Italians, Spaniards, Frenchmen, and
"Jesus dwells under your lock and Germans, who had been born and
key; his audiences are opened and reared in popery, but who had recently
closed by you. He does not move left it. No venomous American priest
without your permission: He does not has dared to take notice of this dyn-
bless without your concurrence. He amic book, much less assail the char-
gives only by your hands, and this acter of the men and the women
dependence is so dear to Him that, whose reasons are therein given for
in more than 1,800 years, He has not abandoning the church of the Italian
for one moment escaped jrom the coterie, who call themselves the only
Church to return to His Father'^s true church.
glory.^'' Abbe Vicar Charbonnel, a French
The Bible says otherwise, but priest under the Archbishop of Paris,
wherever the Bible conflicts with the wrote to his superior, October 14,
pope, it is a bad time for the Bible. 1897, a letter quoted on pages 225 and
The German Cathoilc priests ex- 6, of "Roads from Rome"
press it, thisway "Your eminence, when I gave my
"Go to make confession to an angel. life tothe Church, I desired, with all
or to the Virgin Mary. Will they the ardent sincerity of youth, to give
absolve j'ou? No. The Virgin can- my whole life to God.
not transform the Host into ne^ "Long and experiences have
Divine Son. If there were 200 angei?^ convinced me, that to serve the Church
liere, they could not absolve you. A and those who profess to rule it, is
priest, poor as he may he, can do xo. not to serve God.
lie can say, 'Go in peace, I pardon "I cannot in future, without bitter
you !''
self-reproach, keep up an appearance
"Look at the power of the priest; of union with an ecclesiastical organ-
the word of a priest makes a God of ization which makes religion an engine
a piece of bread. That is more than of administration, a domineering
creating the world." power, a m^eans of intellectual and
What do you think must happen to social oppression, and a system, of in-
society, to the human famih% Avhen tolerance, and which fails to recogniz'^
that sort of horrible blasphemy be- that its (religion's) character
comes the accepted creed, and ichen consists up of
in prayer, the lifting
negro priests become as plentiful in the heart of God, a searching into the
the Southern States as the friars and Divine ideal, and the exercise of
m,onks became in Portugal, Spain, Christian love and brotherly kindness,
Italy, Poland, Catholic Ireland, and but which has adopted a miserable
the Philippines? human policy, instead of the ennobling
It IS frightful to contemplate the faith of the Gospel."
possibilities of such a catastrophe. With declaration,
this manfully
In 1904, there came from The Union made to Archbishop of Paris,
Press, of Phdadelphia, a book whose Victor Charbonnel withdrew from the
name is, "Roads from Rome, a Series priesthood, and from the Roman fold.
of Personal Narratives," compiled by What will be the etiect upon our
the Cambridge scholar, Rev. (^harles civilization and social status, when

negro priests have hecoine numerous^ It is awful to think of what popery

blind tools of this ^^domineenng may do against the whites of the
power^'' and this of intoler-
'"''system United States, in their furiously sor-
ance^^'' whose
priests are not allowed did ambition to "make America Cath-
to marry, but are given the unresisted olic." In some States, the blacks are
and irresistible freedom of using the in the majority. Give them as many
imprisoned women of the cloistered priests as the Portuguese of Lisbon
convent ? had. and in less than 100 years it
Those who know the black man, as would take an expert to tell a Por-
a sensuUst, must feel horrified at the tugee from a Niggergee.
\QTy thought of what popery would Don't flatter yourself that these
mean to the white people, if the black priests will confine their func-
Romanist propaganda among the tions to black people. No, indeed!
blacks continues to be pushed. Gods are Gods; and if the white
frocks are divine, the black frocks are:
On page 109 of "Eoads from Rome," and the natural inclination of Sambo
we read is to assert his "rights."
"That the priests do interfere in Teach him that he is a God, and
family aliairs, 1 most positively assert. he'll actthe part, just as he sees the
I know from my own experience of Avhite God do it. He will be like the
husband and wife being set at vari- colored brother at a Republican con-
ance, of improper questions put i vention his voice will be heard to
children in the confessional, and I say,

with raucous vehemence "I'm a

learnt that, if a husband or wife be Catholic, but they must treat me right,
unfaithful, although the priest must or I'll raise h 11."
be told in the confessional, the wife All of us Iniow what the politicians
or husband need not be acquainted did for the country, when they lifted
with the sin, so that the priest claims Sambo into the electorate, and put
to knoio more aoout the loife than the the ballot in his hand. All of us
hushand himself.'''' know what tlie Days of Reconstruc-
What be the consequences to
will tion were.
our social and religious system, when But infinitely more threatening to
young negro men, who have no wives, Caucasian civilization, is the aggres-
sit in the privacy of the confessional sive movement of the Latin church to
and listen to the avowals of sexual capture the black hosts of this Union.
weakness made bj^ passionate young Wherever popery has been carried
women ? by the Italians, Spaniards, and Portu-
What may we naturally expect to
guese into contact with Negroes, and
be the results, when
lustful black Indians, the people have been moa-
priests inquire of women about the grelized, debased, pillaged, and en-
details of marital intercourse in the slaved.
nuptial bed? and when the bachelor It was so in South America, in Cen-
buck of a negro, because he is a priest, tral America, in Mexico, in Cuba, and
knows more about the wife than her in Portugal.
husband knows? The have not the racial
When such an embodiment of lust aversion amalgamation that we
as the typical African, can learn at Caucasians have always had.
the confessional ones among
which Therefore, the Italian secret socie-
the women have been unfaithful to ties which rule Roman Catholicism
their husbands, who is to curb him. with a rod of iron, have no concep-
when he lusts after those frail wives? tion of the abhorrence with which we
regard the social equality of the heart that it ever was. It is craftily
blacks, political equality with them, growing in power, and is gradually
and intermarriage with them. compelling the acceptance of the Cath-
In the eyes of the Italian cardinals olic censorship of news, books, plays,
who domineer over the Roman Cath- newspapers, magazines, and every
olics of the whole world, the negro is other medium of publicity. If it can
as good as you. In the eyes of the (Hctate what the people may read, it
negro^ he is as good as you. will in time mould opinion, destroy
Now, when these black men are independent and dissenting propa-
taught by white priests that they are ganda, crib the mind within the rigid
your equals; and that, in being re- limits of a priest-ruled orthodoxy,
ceived into the priesthood, they are close all schools but its own, burn all
better than you, what are to be the books but its own, proclaim again
ultimate consequences? that, '' I gnorance is the mother of de-
I do not address this vital question votionf* and build the scati'old, dig
to non-Catholics only: I most earn- the dungeon, and pile the faggot for
estly implore the Catholics themselves the fearless souls that will not bow
to consider it. to Rome.
When you realize that everybody, What has been done, once, can be
in the Dark Ages, had to believe as done, again.
Rome commanded, or he burnt alive, When Cardinal Newman could
and that millions of the pope's slaves bring himself to believe that marble
believe in the same stuff, even now, images wept, you cannot wonder, if
you may I do, the profoundly
feel, as the illiterate layman believes that he
depressing tear of another cycle of eats his Redeemer, at the same time
Dark Ages. that the priest drinks Him.
This Roman Church is the same at (concluded.)

Ralph M. Thomson

Speed is a Jack-o'-lantern in the night

Alambent flame whose mission is to guide
Th eventuresome, by its uncertain light.
To stagnant fens, where lurking dangers hide.
An evanescent but a beckoning spark,
It leads the foolish far from fragrant lea,
And, in a trice, when all about is dark.
Leaves them to sink in sloughs of vanity.

Lured by the wily Ignis Fatuus,

To grope for fame, for gold, for caste, for ease.
For every tawdry thing the frivolous
of earth, deaf to Discretion's pleas
And blind to safety, hail, and with each breath.

As benedictions, often in accord,
It is the way of men to challenge Death,
Then charge disaster to a blameless Lord!
TKe Official Record in the Case of Leo
Frank, a Jew Pervert.
Copyriflhted. All Rights Reserved.

New York, there lived a fashion- the girl's mother, and that the mother
INable whose work com-
architect, had, in effect, surrendered the maid
manded high prices. He was to the man knowing why he wanted
robust, full of manly vigor, and so hei'.

erotic that he neglected a liandsome Whatever the girl felt as to the

and refined young wife to run after manner in which White had ac-
little girls. complished his purpose, she soon
As reported in the papers of Wil- afterwards returned to him, and their
liam R. Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer, and relations continued for some months.
Adolph Ochs, the libertine architect Then Harry Thaw happened to see
had three luxurious suites of rooms her, fell in lovewith her, and desired
fitted up for the use of himself, a con- so ardently to possess her, that he
genial company of young rakes, and married her.
the young women whom they lured They went to Europe, and during
into these elegant dens of vice. the tour, the wife told the young hus-
Stanford White's principal place, band her terrible story. On their
however, was in the tower-apartments return to New York, the architect had
of Madison Square Garden. Tn this the insane folly to again enter into
building, his preparations for sensual correspondence with Evelyn this
and sexual enjoyment were as care- time knowing that he had an excitable
fully elaborated and as expensi'.'cly young man to encounter a husband
perfected, as though wine, women and who might be supposed to have
song were the chief end of man's learned his wife's secret. All the
existence. The excavations at Pompeii world knows how Thaw was inflamed
have revealed no Rose- door voluptous- beyond bounds, by seeing White sit-
ness more Oriental than that of Stan- ting in the eating-room, at the Gar-
ford White. Like the Roman sensual- den; and how the young husband
ist who stimulated his amorous pas- immediately shot the satyr who had
sions by surroundings that promoted doped and rumed his wife.
desire and prolonged the pleasure, The great legal battle that Thaw's
White was artistic in his vices; and devoted mother has waged in her boy's
it was the nude girl, of perfect behalf, is a part of the history of the
symmetry and beautiful face, that he times. For nine long years, that fine
bore into his seraglio, where rich and old woman has borne her cross, and
splendid appointments, soft lights, made her fight, her son behind the
hidden musical instruments, fragrant bars, all those bitter years.
flowers, and choice wines intoxicated At last, after nine years of impris-
every sense to the highest pitch of onment, Harry Thaw is a free man
epicurian ecstasy. for the which tried him for
Into this golden harem, he took the murder, pronounced him insane; and
young, lovely and unmoral Evelyn the jury which recently tried him for
Nesbit: and, according to her state- insanity, said that he is sane.
ment, she was brutally used. A At least one of these verdicts was
shocking fact in the case is, that correct,and hoth may have been; but
White seems to have given money to the jurors in the last trial have since
declared that Thaw ought to have his prolonged imprisonment, and the
ineradicable disgrace which rests upon his
killed White, anyway; and about
three-fourths of the red-blooded men As it is, about the most the public can
and women of the country are of the say of him Is to express the hope that the
samo opinion. public mind shall no longr be assailed by
the fulminations of spectacular lawyers,
But the Jew-owned papers, and the
the imaginings of alienists, and the bathos
Jev,'-kiredpapers, and the Hearst of hired pamphleteers. The world is weary
papers take a dilFerent view. They of Thaw.
are outraged. Their feelings are
deeply hurt. They lament the fail- The world is not weary of Hearst,
ure of the Law to hang this hot-tem- fortunately: and if he can explain his

pered boy who shot the man that had prolonged hostility to Thaw, and
virtually bought Evelyn from her reconcile with his determined cham-

monstrous mother, and had then pionship of Frank, the world will
drugged and forced her. In their peruse his statement with interest.
wrathful eyes, nine years' imprison- Let us now read what another New
ment is no punishment at all. They
York paper Jew-owned or Jew-hired
rail the influence of Money, and
at published about the two cases,
deplore the disgrace which has fallen Frank's and Thaw's. Concerning

upon New York the righteous town Thaw, the yew Repuhlic says:
where Jacob Schiff, the banker, could
hum- In the case of Harry K. Thaw, it looks
give a forty-3'ear sentence to an
as if the State of New York had thoroughly
ble Jew, for entering clandestinely the
well got its leg pulled. The State deserved
dwelling of a Jewish millionaire; the it richly, for it asked a .iudge and a jury to

righteous town wherein the Roman decide a question which they are simply
priests could have the Mayor assassi- incapable of deciding. Those laj-men could
no more pass on Thaw's sanity than upon
nated without provoking hostile com-
the condition of his liver. Thus a man
ment from the Hearst papers, the may be highly educated, courteous, genial
Jew-owned papers, or the Jew-hired in every relation of life, and still bear
papers; the righteous town where the within him a murderous disposition,
priest, Hans Schmidt, can cut his con- which breaks out only on special occa-
sions. The voluble juryman who has
cubine's throat, dismember her body,
been much interviewed came pretty
fling the pieces in the river, and still close the truth when he said that
escape punishment I Thaw would never kUl except when a
Let us regale our minds by reading woman was involved.
what the Hearst papers say about the What freed Thaw was in reality a com-
bination of prejudices. He behaved well
case of Harry Thaw in court. The State's alienists behaved
It is quite true that but for the lavish badly in court. Thaw fought a long fight,
outpouring of the family fortune, Thaw and men admire persistence. He had mur-
might have been electrocuted, or would dered Stanford White, a man who hap-
still be confined in a madhouse. It is pened to be a genius, but whose genius was
equally true that but for the contributions forgotten in the deep moral prejudice
of other rich young men, whose mone' against him. The brutal fact is that an
cursed them, bis fight for liberty would American jury is very ready to flirt with
not have been so prolonged or so costly. the idea that there are un^^Titten laws to
Many will moralize over the powej- of justify the killing of men who seduce young
money as manifested in the escape of girls.
Thaw from paying tlie extreme penalty
for the mur(^er of Stanford White. Concerning the Frank case, the
Fewer will stop to think of the malign same New York paper says:
power of money that pressed this rich
young man along the primrose path that It is often foolish to indict a whole peo-
snded in the murder on the roof garden, Dle. But in this instance the guilt of the

people is clear. They wrecked the only possessed of a Devil of blind hatred:
trial Frank has had, they believed every it has relentlessly persecuted: it has
lie about him, they terrorized their pub-
officials. Tliey Iiave made democracy tried to lynch an innocent man, uader
liideous they, tlie men and women of the legal forms. Its mobs terrified the
State. There was a minority that knew witnesses; terrified the jurors; terri-
better, a minority that did not wish to fied the trial judge; terrified the
make the courts of the State a vile spec-
tacle the whole nation.
to But of that
Supreme Court of Georgia in both ot
minority many were too cowardly to speak its decisions, the last of which was

out. They allowed the mob to stamp its unanimous. Finally, the (Georgia mobs
own imprint upon the public character of terrified the Supreme Court of the
the State. The Governor who acted, and Ignited States. Avhich, under duress,
the opinion which supported him, were
not enouf>l to save Georgia from its degra- decided that Frank's lawyers after
dation. having had all the time, money, and
A people which cannot preserve its legal
fabric from violence is unfit for self-gov-

opportunity needed had utterly failed
to show that Georgia had not given
ernment. It belongs in the category of
to Leo Frank every right to which he
communities like Haiti, co'^^munities
which have to be supervised and protected was entitled.
by more civilized powers. Georgia is in What do such editors care for the
that humiliating position today. If the calm decision of the highest court on
Frank case is evic'^^nce of Georgia's polit-
earth? Nothing.
ical development, then Georgia deservs to
be known as the black sheep of the Amer-
"The guilt of the people is clear."
ican Union. "They have made democracy hide-
ous." AVhere? When? And how?
It is a disagreeable discoverv of the AMien justice was mocked in San
New Republic, that American juries Francisco, some years ago, and Wil-
harbor a perverse sympathy for liam T. Sherman (afterwards the great
fathers and brothers who kill the General) led the "mob," did the riotous
seducers of young girls, and thus rid tumults of an indignant democracy
the earth of the most dangerous vipers make it hideous? When justice was
that crawl. The New Republic says derided and defied in NeAv Orleans,
that it is not only a fact that juries do and the outraged democracy flamed
sympathise with the men who give into a vengeful conflagration, did it
shot-gun protection to womanhood, become hideous?
but that this fact is hrutal. \Mien our Revolutionary Fathers
When the human race ceases to be lynched Tories, and drove traitors into
capable of brutality of that sort, civil- hasty flight, did they make democracy
ization will be the soup-kettle of hideous?
molly-coddles; and literature will "\Mien the Commons of old England
degenerate into a milk-sop effeminac}^ rose in bloody riots against the Lords
that won't be worth hell's room. of Church and State, during the
Coming to the Frank case, The New Epoch of Reform, did these insurrec-
Republic condemns, not only the jury tionary Englishmen, battling for
and the judges, but the whole State human rights, make democracy hid-
in which the horrible crime was com- eous ?

mitted. 'Tt is often foolish to indict "Wlien the Athenians of old furi-
a whole people," says this magazine. ously fell upon and killed the Greek
Edmund Burke said it was always who advised that Grecian freedom be
foolish to do so. surrendered to the Persian King, did
The State of Georgia, as a whole, those rioters make democracy hideous?
is pronounced guilty. It has .'-^.ad no Away with milk-sops and molly-
evidence aarainst Frank: it has been coddles! Whenever the human race
degenerates to the point where intense
nese who rose in fury against the Em-
peror and his Metternich, forcing that
indignation is not aroused by enormi-
crafty and coldly ferocious old democ-
ties of crime, then mankind will be
ready for the last Fire: and the

racy-hater to flee for his life because
of the fact that we Georgians are just
sooner this scroll is given to the
human, we must be relegated to a Sai>
Flames, as the trump of doom sounds
Domingo basis, and treated by other
the requiem of a dying world, the less
human States as though we were woolly-
will be the sum total of de-
headed worshippers of Vaudoux I

In Georgia, there was never a mob
while the Frank case was
on trial; never a scene of tumult, The Becker case created a pro-
never a disorder in the court room. found and painful impression every-
It was not until after the State where, because of its contrast to the
had patiently waited for two years, case of Leo Frank. The Hearst pa-
whilo tho unlimited Money back pers, the Jew-owned, and Jew-hired
of Frank w^as interposing every papers, have found this contrast em-
obstacle to the Law, travelling from barrassing to them, and they are
court to court, on first one pretext endeavoring to "distinguish the cases."
and then another; ottering new affida- For example, the New Orleans-
vits which soon appeared, confessedly, Daily States says:
to have been falsehoods, paid for with
money; resorting to every criminal A patient perusal of all the mass of evi-
dence, considered in the light of the clash-
method to corrupt some of the State's
ing interests of those involved, directly
witnesses, and to frighten others into
and indirectly, in the Rosenthal tragedy,
changing their testimony: it was not has left us unconvinced that the law's
until the people of Georgia had reasonable doubt of Becker's guilt was
waited so long, and seen Frank's law- remoTed. That Becker was a police tyrant
and grafter, was amply proved. The fact
yers defeated at every point, by the
that he was more or less endangered by
sheer strength of the State's case Rosenthal's promised revelations of police
against a most abominable criminal it :
corruption furnished a motive which made
was not until, after all this, when one it easy for others who confessed they were

in the murder plot to fasten the crime on

of Leo Frank^s own launjers basely
him. But there will always be ^ound for
betrayed the State, upset all the courts, the suspicion that the Rose-Webber crowd
and violated our highest law; it was "frame<r' Becker to insure their o>vn im-
not until John M. Slaton, the partner munity.
of Leo Frank's leading lawyers, cor- But whereas Frank was denied the safe-
guards and privileges which the State
ruptly used the pardoning power to
pledges any person accused of a capital

save his own guilty client it was not crime, and was convicted in a community
until then that the people broke into rank with prejudice and mob spirit, on
a tumult of righteous wrath against the testimony of a vicious negro criminal,
the infamous Governor who had put Becker was robbed of no technical right
the law guaranteed him.
upon our State this indelible stain. Few more deliberate and cold-bloded
And because our indignation took murders have been committed in New York..
the same direction as that of our than the assassination of Rosenthal, and
Fathers, in the days of '76: the same public sentiment was powe fully exercised
against Becker in the face of clear evi-
direction as that of the Frenchmen
dence that he was a grafter with a motive
who stormed the Bastille; the same as for sealing Rosenthal's lips. But it would
that of the Englishmen who sacked be absurd to liken the atmosphere in
the Bishop's palace, and the nobleman's York during the Becker trial to that in
castle; the same as that of the Vien- Atlanta during the Frank trial, or to

:any points of resemblance between the It must have cost '"'' mankind'''' mil-
-orderly conviction of Becker and the lions of dollars to lynch the Georgia
utterly disorderly trial of Prank.
courts.) with outside mobs.
Frank "was convicted on the evi-
So! Another case of my bull and
dence of a negro criminal."
your ox. Do we not all remember that
So says the Daily States, saying it, not
when Bourke Cockran moved for a because it is true, but because all the
continuance in the Becker case, and
other Frankites say it. Without the
Judge Samuel Seabury refused it, the negro, James Marshall, Becker could
great lawyer threw up his briefj and
not have been convicted, and the high-
passionately exclaimed, '"''This is not a
est New York court so held. Whether
an assassination?''''
ti'tal; it is
James Marshall is a criminal, I do not
Xo lawyer said that to Judge Roan, know; but the official record in the
''trying Frank; and there never was
Frank case shows that Jim Conley was
the slightest evidence that Frank's
never a criminal until he became the
trial was "disorderly."
accomplice of his master, Leo Frank.
The Daily States asserts that
May I ask the Daily States to take
"Becker was robbecl of no technical
my word for it, that the laiv of Geor-
right the law guaranteed him."
gia does not allow any man to he con-
Dees the States know that the U. victed on the testimony of an accom-
S. Supreme Court used those very
words in the case of Frank used The so-called vicious negro criminal
'them in a well-considered decision.
was confessedly the accomplice of Leo
which is the amplest vindication of the
Frank; and therefore the laio made
Georgia courts?
it necessary for Solicitor Dorsey to
When the highest court in the world practically make out the whole case
judiciaJly affirms that the State which
against Frank., without relying at all
'tried and convicted Frank accorded
upon the negro''s evidence.
him every right guaranteed to him
When that miserable little Jew jack-
under the highest law, ought not the
ass,Clarence Shearn, of the New York
decision to be respected?
Supreme Court, was sent by his owner,
Before the United States Supreme Mr. Hearst, to review the record in
Court vindicated Georgia, the agencies the Frank case and when he wrote an

working for Frank expressed the most opinion in which he stated that there
exultant confidence in the outcome of was no evidence against Frank, save
the appeal; and declared that, at last, that of the accomplice, he virtually
the case had reached a tribunal which charged our Supreme Court as well
would not be influenced by "mob as Judge Roan
with having violated
frenzy, psychic intoxication, jungle their oaths of office.
fury," and the rest of it. Little Shearn does not know enough
After the United States Supreme of Georgia law to be aware of the fact
Court patiently heard Frank's law- that nobody can be convicted on the
yers, and solemnly assured "mankind" evidence of an accomplice; and that,
that the State of Georgia had not been under our Supreme Court decisions,
-shown to have denied Frank any legal such evidence is almost valueless. The
right, was "mankind" satisfied? By no case must he made out independently
means. "Mankind" gasped in silence of the accomplice^ to well-nigh the
a few days, and then broke out into a same extent as though he had not tes-
more furious roar than ever, just as tified.
though the highest of courts had not This being the law in Georgia, how
decided the case in our favor. can editors who wish to tell the truth.
continue to say that Frank was con- witness for the State. She testified:
victed by his accomplice? "I am Mary Phagan's mother. I
Assuming that the great majority of last saw her alive, on April 26th, 1913.
tlie American people want to know the She was getting ready to go to the
truth, and want the law enforced pencil factory to get her pay envelope.
wherever crime is proved, I invite About 11:30 she ate some cabbage and
everj' fair-minded reader to come with bread. She left home at a quarter to
me as I go into the olficial record twelve. She would have been fourteen
summary of the sworn testimony, years old on the first day of June.
agreed on by the lawyers for both Was fair complected, heavy set, very
sides, and sanctioned by the trial pretty, and was extra large for her
judge. age. She had dimples on her cheeks."
But before turning to the dry leaves (Witness described how her daugh-
of the Brief of Evidence, let me ask ter was dressed, and identified as
you to look upon the girl herself, as Mary's, the articles of clothing shown
she appeared in life to one who seems
her clothing taken from the corpse.)
to have known her well. Writing to George Epps, a white boy, was the
The Christian Standard, in protest next witness. He A-as fourteen years
against an editorial in the Chri^tmn- old, and was neighbor to Mary's fam-
Evangelist^ A. M. Beatty says ily. He rode on the street car with
MaiT as she came into the city. She
Mary Phagan was a member of the told him she was going to the pencil
Adrial class of the First Christian Bible factory to get her money, and would
School, and the last act she did on earth
then go to the Elkin-Watson place to
was to iron with her own hands her white
dress that she might be present the next see the Veterans' parade at 2 o'clock.
day and help in winning a contest. The "She never showed up. I stayed
Sunday she expected to be at Bible School around there until 4 o'clock, and then
she was lying on a slab in an undertaker's went to the ball game.
in the same block as the First Church is
"AVlien I left her at the corner of
located, having met death in a horrible
manner. Forsyth and Marietta Streets . . .

slie went over the bridge to the pencil

It is very complete that little pic- factory, about two blocks down For-
ture, drawn in two sentences. Mary syth Street."
Phagan, not quite 14 years old, iron- The boy put the time of his separa-
ing the white dress she meant to wear tion from the girl at 12:07, but on
to Bible school, next day.
the The cross- examination, he said, first, that
First Christian Church stands near he knew it by Bryant Keheley's clock,
the morgue, and as she day-dreamed and then, by the sun.
of the morrow, and the contest in her (The immateriality of the variations
class, she saw the temple, and the in time, except on Leo Frankh own
wliite-dressed girls who would be her shown directly.)
clock, will be
companions: she did not see the The next witness for the State was
morgue. Newt Lee, the negro night-watch at
The pity of it ! The garment which the factory. He had been working
she washed and ironed became her there only about three weeks. Leo
shroud, after she had been to the Frank had taken him over the build-
morgue, instead of to the church ing,and instructed him in his duties.
Surely, fate has seldom been more On every day, except Saturdays, he
cruel to a perfectly innocent child. was to go on duty at 6 o'clocck p. m.
On Saturdays, at 5 o'clock.
Mrs. J. W. Coleman was the first On Friday, the 2oth of April, Frank

said to Newt, "Tomorrow is holiday, punched his time, and went on down
and I want you to come back at 4 stairs.
o'clock, I want to get off a little earlier Mr. J. M. Gantt came to the front
than usual." door and asked Newt for permission
Newt then went on to say that he to go up stairs after an old pair of
got to the factory on Saturday about shoes he had left there, some time
three or four minutes before four. before, when be was employed at the
The front door was not locked; he had factory. Newt answered that he was
never found it locked on Saturday not allowed to let anyone inside after
evenings. But there are double doors six o'clock.
half way up the steps, which he had "About that time Mr. Frank came
always found unlocked before, but bustling out of the door, and ran into
which, this Saturday evening, he Gantt unexpected, and he jumped
found locked. back frightened."
He took his keys and unlocked this Gantt asked Frank if he had any
stair-way door, and went on up-stairs objection to his going up stairs after
to the second floor, where Frank's his old shoes.
office was. Frank answered, "I don't think they
Newt announced his arrival, as he are up there. I think I saw a boy
had always done, by calling out, "All sweep some up in the trash the other
right. Mr. Frank!" day."
"And he come bustling out of his Gantt asked what sort of shoes he
office, . and says, 'Newt, I am
. . saw the boy sweep out, and Frank
sorry I had you come so soon: you said they were "tans."
could have been at home sleeping. I Gantt replied, "Well, I had a pair
tell you what you do: you go out in of black ones, too."
town and have a good time.' "Frank says, 'Well, I don't know,'
Newt stated that always before and dropped his head down, just so"
when Frank had anything to say to illustrating.
him, he would say, "Step here a min- "Then, he raised his head, and says,
ute. Newt." 'Newt, go with him and stay with
This time, Frank came bustling him, and help him find them," And
toward the negro, rubbing his I went up there with Mr. Gantt, and
hands; and when Newt asked to be found them in the shipping room,
allowed to go into the shipping room two pair, the tans and the black ones,
to get some sleep, Frank answered, too."
"You need to have a good time. You That night, after seven o'clock,
go downtown, stay an hour and a Frank telephoned to Newt, and asked,
half, and come back your usual time "How's everything?"
at 6 o'clock. Be sure to come back at That was the first time he had ever
G o'clock." phoned tlie night watch on a Satur-
Newt did as he was told, returned day night. He did not ask about
to the factory at two minutes before Gantt.
six, and found the stair doors un- There is a gas jet in the basement
locked. Frank took the slip out of at the foot of the ladder, and Frank
the time-clock and put in a new one. had told Newt to keep it burning all
"It tookhim twice as long this time the time.
as it did the other times I saw him "I left it Saturday morning burn-
fix it. He fumbled, putting it in." ing bright. When I got there, on
After the slip had been put in, Newt making my rounds at 7 o'clock p. m.
on the 26th of April, it was burning They have got me locked up, and a
just as low as you could turn it, like man guarding me.'
a light ning Inig. AVhen 3 o'clock "I said, 'Mr. Frank, do you believe
came" (after midniffht. of course,) "I I committed this crime?'
went down to the basement. ... I "He said, 'No, Newt, I know you
went down to the toilet, and when I didn't; hut I believe you know some-
got through I looked at the dust bin thing ahout it.''
back to the door" (the back door 'T said, 'Mr. Frank, I don't know
opening on the alley) "to see how the a thing about it, more tlian finding

door was. and it being dark, I picked the body.'

up my lantern and went there, and I "He said, 'We are not talking about
saw something laying there, which I that now: we will let that go. // you
thought some of the boys had put keep that up, we will both go to hell.''
there to scare me: then I walked a "Then the officers came in. When
little piece towards it, and I saw Mr. Frank came out of his office that
what was, and I got out of there.
it Saturday (evening) he was looking
"I got up the ladder, and called the down, and rubbing his hands. I had
police station: it was after 3 o'clock. never seen him rub his hands that
"/ tried to get Mr. Frank, and was way before."
stilltrying when the (police) officers Newt stated, on cross-examination,
came. I guess I was trying (to get that he would not have gone so far
Frank to answer the telephone) about back in the basement, and would not
eight minutes. have seen the body, if a call of nature
"I saw Mr. Frank Sunday morn-
down there had not caused him to
use the toilet which was near the
ing (the same morning), at about 7
or 8 o'clock. He was coming in the
office. He looked down on the floor, "When I got through, I picked up

and never spoke to me. He dropped my lantern; I walked a few steps

way" that way I seed something over there,
his head down, right this
about that much of the lady's leg
"Boots Chief
Rogers, Lanford,
and dress" illustrating.
"I think I reported to the police
Darley, Frank and I were there when
that it was a white woman. When I
they opened the clock. Mr. Frank
first got there, I didn't think it was
opened the clock, and saw the punches
a white woman, because her face was
were all right. I punched every half
so dirty, and her hair crinkled.
hour from 6 o'clock p. m. to 3 o'clock
"When I was in the basement (the
a. m.
morning the body was found), one
"On Tuesday night, April 29th, at of the policemen read the note that
about 10 o'clock, I had a conversation they found. They read these words.
at the station house with Mr. Frank. 'The tall, black, slim negro did this,
They handcuffed me to a chair. he will try to lay it on the nigh* and '

"They went and got Mr. Frank and when they got to the word 'night,' I
brought him in, and he sat down next said, ''They must he trying to put it
to the door. He dropped his head off on me.'' "
and looked doAvn. We were all alone. (Note that the negro is corrobor-
I said, 'Mr. Frank, it's mighty hard ated on this point by Sergeant Dobbs.
on me to be handculi'ed here for the next witness; and bear it in mind
something that I don't know anything because of its extreme importance as
about.' you will soon see.)
"He said, 'What's the difference ? Sergeant L. S. Dobbs testified that

a call came to the police headquarters pile. Everything was gone off it,

at about 3 :25, on the morning of ribbons and all.

April 27th, and he went to the pen- "/^ looked like she had been
cil factory, descended to the basement dragged on her face hy her feet. I
by means of the trap-door and ladder. thought the places on her face had
The negro led the officers back to the been made by dragging. That was a
body, about 150 feet. dirt floor, with cinders on it, scattered
"The was lying on her face^ not
girl over the dirt.
directly lying on her stomach, with "The place where I thought I saw
the left side up just a little. We some one dragged was right in front
couldn't tell hy looking at her whether of the elevator., directly back. The
she was while or black, only by her little trail where I thought showed

golden hair. They turned her over. the body was dragged, went straight
and her face was full of dirt and 071 down (from in front of the ele-

dust. They took a piece of paper vator) where the girl was found. It
and rubbed the dirt off her face, and was a continuous trail.
we could tell then that it was a white "The body was cold and stiflF.
girl. I pulled up her clothes, and Hands folded across the breast.
could tell by the skin of the laiee that "/ didn't find any blood on the
it was a white girl. Her face was ground., or on the saw dust., around
punctured, full of holes, and swollen where we found the body.
and hlack. She had a cut on the left "The sign of dragging . .started

side of her head, as if she had been east of the ladder. A man going
struck, and there was a little blood down the ladder to the rear of the
there. The cord was around her neck, basement, would not go in front of
sunk into the flesh. She also had a the elevator where the dragging was.
piece of her underclothing around "A man couldnH get down that lad-
her neck. The cord was still tight der loith another person. It is diffi-
around her neck. The tongue was cult for one person to get through
protruding just the least bit. The that scuttle hole. The back door was
cord was pulled tight, and had cut shut: staple had been pulled."
into the flesh, and tied just as tight ''''The lock was locked still. It was
as it could be. The underclothing a sliding door, with a bar across the
around the neck was not tight. door, but the bar had been taken
down. It looked like the staple had
"There wasn't much blood on her
been recently drawn.
head. It was dry on the outside. I
"I was reading one of the notes to
stuck my finger under the hair, and
Lee, with the following words, ''A tall.,
it was a little moist.
black negro did this; he will try to
"This scratch pad was lying on the
lay it on the nighty'' and when I got
ground, close to the body. I found
to the word 'night,' Lee says, ''That
the notes under the sawdust, lying
means the night watchman!'
near the head. The pad was lying "I found the handkerchief on a
near the notes. They were all right
sawdust pile, about ten feet from the
close together.
body. It was bloody, just as it is now.
'''Newt Lee told us it was a white "The trap-door leading up from the
woman. basement was closed when we got
"There was a trash pile near the there."
boiler,where this hat was found, and City Officer John N. Starnes was
paper and pencils down there, too. the State's next witness. Ho testified
The hat and shoe were on the trash to reaching the factory between 5 and
6 o'clock that Sunday morning. He anything much as detectives; but even
called up Leo Frank, and asked him these amateurs know something of
to come, right away. the Bertillon system; and if those
said he hadn't had any break-
"He finger-prints on the back door had not
fast. He asked where the night been Leo Frank^s, Burns and Lehon
watchman was. I was told him it would most certainly have proven
very necessary for him to come, and that much, by actual demonstration^
if he would come, T would send an and thus put the crime on Jim Con-
automobile for him. ley, or upon some other person than
"/ didn't tell him what had hap- their client, Frank.)
pened^ and he didn't ask me.
"When Frank arrived at the fac- The next witness was W. W. Rog-
tory, a few minutes he appeared
later, ers. He and John Black went after
to be nervous; he teas in a trembling Frank, following Starnes' telephone
co7idition. Leo was composed. communication. Mrs Frank opened
"It takes not over three minutes to the door, and was asked if Frank was
walk from Marietta Street, at the in. He came forward, partly dressed,
corner of Forsyth, across the viaduct, and asked if anything had happened
and through Forsyth Street, down to at the factory. No answer being
tho factory. returned, he inquired, "Did the night-
"I chipped two places off the back watchman call up and report any-
door, tchich looked, like they had thing to you?"
blood]/ finger prints.'''' Mr. Black asked him to finish dress-
(Let me here remind the reader, and accompany them to the fac-
that Jim Conle3\ a State's witness, tory,and see what had happened.
could have been required by Leo "Frank said that he thought he
Frank's lawyers to make the imprint dreamt in the morning, about 3
of his fingers while he was on the o'clock, about hearing the telephone
stand, and if these finger marks had ring."
resembled those made on the back door, Witness said Frank appeared ex-
Frank woidd have gone free, and the tremely nervous, and called for a cup
negro would, have swung. The State, (;f coffee. He was rubbing his hands.
however, could not ask Leo Frank to When they had taken seats in the
make his finger-prints, for to have automobile, one of the officers asked
done so, would have been requiring him if he knew a little girl named
him to furnish evidence against him- Mary Phagan.
self. Frank answered, "Does she work at

My information is that Conley's the factory?"

lawyer, W. M. Smith, after he had Rogers said, "I think she does":
agreed with the Burns Agency to help and Frank added, "I cannot tell
them fix the crime on his client, went whether she works there or not, until
to the convict camp, where Conley I look at my pay-roll book. I know
was working out his sentence, a7id got very few of the girls that work there.
his firiger-prints, twice. I pay them ofl', but I very seldom go
Be this as it may, Franl-^s attorneys back in the factory."
dared, not ask the negro to make the The witness spoke of Frank's con-
prints, when they had him on the duct at the morgue, and although the
stand. purpose of taking him there was to
You can draw your own conclu- have him view the corpse, the witness
sions. never saw Frank look at it, but did
Burns and Lehon do not amount to see him step away into a side room.

From tlie luoigue, the party went on the left side of her head, some dry
to the pencil factory, where Frank blood in her hair.
opened the took out his time-
safe, "There was some excrement in the
book, consulted it, and said: "Yes, elevator shaft. When we went down
Mary Phagan worked here. She was on the elevator, the elevator mashed
here yesterday to get her pay." it. You could smell it all around.
He said "/ iciJl tell you about the
"No one could have seen the body
exact time she left here. My stenog- at the morgue unless he was some-
rapher left about 12 o'clock, and a where near me. I was inside, and Mr.
few minutes after she left, the office Frank never came into that little
boy left, and Mary came in and got room, where the corpse lay. When the
her pay and lefty face was turned toward me, Mr. Frank
(Note, later on. that other girls stepped out of my vision in the direc-
were at Frank's office, the same Sat- tion of Mr. Gheesling's (the under-
urday morning, and that he never- taker's) sleeping room."
theless fixed the exact time of the Miss Grace Hicks testified that she
arrival of the girl he did not know. worked on the second floor at the fac-
And he fixed it right.) tory, Mary Phagan's machine was
"He then wanted to see where the riffhtnext to the dreesing room, and
girl was found. Mr. Frank went in going to the closet, the men who
around to the elevator, where there worked on that floor passed within
was a switch box on the wall, and put two or three feet of Mary. Between
the switch in. The box was not the closet of the men and of the
locked. As to what Mr. Frank ^aid women, there was "just a partition."
about the murder, I don't know that I The witness had identified the body
heard him express himself, except at the morgue early Sunday morn-
down in the basement. ing, April 2Tth. "I Iniew her by her
The officers showed him where the hair. She was fair-skinned, had light
body was found, and he made the hair, blue eyes, and was heavy built,
remark* that it was too bad, or some- well developed for her age. She
thing like that." weighed about 115 pounds. Magnolia
(Frank was not under arrest at this Kennedy''s hair is nearly the color of
time, and Newt Lee was. Nothing, as Mary Phagan''s\"
yet, had been said about Conley.) John R. Black, the next witness for
On cross-examination, the witness the State, testified that he went with
stated that "we didn't know it was a Rogers to Frank's house. "Mrs. Frank
white girl or not until we rubbed came to the door: she had on a bath-
the dirt from the child's face, and robe. I stated that I would like to
pulled down her stocking a little see Mr. Frank, and about that time
piece. The tongue was not sticking Mr. Frank stepped out from behind
out : was wedged between her teeth.
it a curtain. His voice was hoarse and
She had dirt in her eye and mouth. trembling and nervous and excited.
The cord around her neck was drawn He looked to me like he was pale.
so tight it was sunk m her flesh, and He seemed nervous in handling his
the piece of underskirt was loose over collar: he could not get his tie tied,
her hair. and talked very rapid in asking
"'She was lying on her face, icifh what had happened. He kept on in-
her hands folded up. One of her eyes sisting for a cup of coffee.
was blackened. There were several "When we got into the automobile.
littel scratches on her face. bruise A Mr. Frank wanted to know what had
happened at the factory, and / asked "Mr. Frank was nervous Monday:
him he knew Mary Phagan, and
if after his release, he seemed very
told him she had been found dead in jovial.
the hasement. Mr. Frank said he did. "On Tuesday night, Frank said, at
not know any girl hy the name of the station house, that there was no-
Mary P hag an, that he knew very few body at the factory at 6 o'clock but
of the emploj'ees. Newt Lee, and that Newt Lee ought
"In the iinaertaking establishment, to know more about it, as it was his
Mr. Frank looked at her: he gave a duty to look over the factory every
casual glance at her, and stepped thirty minutes."
aside: I couldn't say whether he saw (Note Frank's deliberate direction
the face of the girl or not. There of suspicion to the "tall, slim night-
was a curtain hanging near the room, watch," upon whom the notes place
and Mr. Frank stepped behind the the crime. Frank was virtually tell-
curtain. ing the police the same thing that the
"Mr. Frank stated, as we left the notes told, viz., that Newt Lee com-
undertaker's, that he didn't know the mitted the crime.)
girl, but he believed he had paid her "On Tuesday night, Mr. Scott and
off on Saturday. Fie thought he rec- myself suggested to Mr. Frank to talk
ognized her being at the factory Sat- to Newt Lee. They went in a room,
urday by the dress that she wore. and stayed about five or ten minutes,
At the factory, Mr. Frank took the alone. I couldn't hear enough to
slip out (of the time clock), looked swear that I understood what was
over it, and said it had been punched said. ' Mr. Frank said that Newt stuck
correctly. (That is, the slip showed to the story that he knew notlilng
that Newt Lee had punched every about it.
half-hour during the night before.)
"Mr. Frank stated that Mr. Gantt
"On Monday and Tuesday follow- Avas there on Saturday evening, and
ing, jSfr. Frank stated that the clock
that he told Lee to let him get the
had been mispunched three times. shoes, but to watch him, as he knew
"I saw Frank take it out of the
the surroundings of the office.
clock, and went with it back toicard
''''After this conversation Gantt was
his office.
"When Mr. Frank was down at the
policestation, on Monday morning
(Observe that Frank's allusion to
(the next after the corpse was found). Gantt could have had no other pur-
Mr. Rosser and Mr. Haas were there. pose than to direct suspicion toward
Mr. Haas stated, in Frank's presence, him; and that, while Frank was seek-
that he was Franks attorney. This ing to involve two innocent men, he
was about 8, or 8:30 Monday morn- did not breathe a suspicion of Jim
ing. Thafs the first time he had Conley, whom he knew to have been
counsel with him^.'''' in the factory when Mary Phagan

(Observe that the Jews employed came for her pay.)

the best legal talent, before the Gen- After the visit to the morgue, the
tiles had even suspected Frank''s guilt. party went to the factory, where
Why did his rich Jewish connec- Frank got the book, ran his finger
tions feel so sure of his need of emi- down until he came to the name of
nent lawyers, that they employed Mary Phagan, and said: "Yes, this
Eosser, evidently on Sunday, since little girl worked here, and I paid her

city lawyers do not open their offices $1.20 yesterday."

before 8 o^clock.) "We went all over the factory. No-

body saw that blood spot that morn- He made no objections to my going
ing," there.""

Mr. Haas, as Frank's attorney, had One used to get the pay en-

witness to go out to Frank's velope another,

for with Frank's
house, and search for the clothes he knowledge. Gantt swore' he knew
had worn the week before, and the nothing of how the $2 shortage in the
laundry, too. pay roll occurred. Frank discharged
Frank went with them, and showed him because Gantt refused to make it

them the dirty linen. good.

"I examined Newt Lee's house. I Gantt described how Frank had
found a bloody shirt at the bottom of behaved at 6 o'clock Saturday eve-
a clothes barrel there, on Tuesday ning when he, Gantt, went for his
morning, about 9 o'clock." shoes. Standing at the front door,
On re-direct examination, the wit- Gantt saw Frank coming down the
ness stated that Frank said, after stairs, and when Frank saw Gantt,

looking over the time sheet, and see- "he kind of stepped back, like he was
ing that it had not been punched cor- going to go back, but when he looked
rectly, that it would have given Lee up and saw I was looking at him, he
an hour to have gone out to his came on out, and I said, 'Howdy, Mr.
house and hacky Frank,' and he sorter jumped again."
(Evidently, Frank knew where this Then Gantt asked permission to go
negro lived, and how long it required up for his shoes, and Frank hesitated,

for him to go home that Saturday studied a little, inquired the kind of
night, and return to the factory where shoes, told they were tans, and
the girl's body lay. This new time- stated that he thought he had seen a
slip gave Newt an hour unaccounted negro sweep them out. But when
Gantt said he had left a black pair,
for; and, in connection with the
l3loody shirt, the new time-slip began Frank "studied" a little bit, and
to make the case look ugly for Newt, told Newt to go with Gantt, and stay
"the tall, slim night-watch," whom with him till he got his shoes. Gantt
went up, and found both pair, right
the writer of the notes accused.)
J. M. Gantt was next put up by where he had left them.
the State, and his evidence, in sub- "Mr.. Frank looked pale, hung his

stance, was: head, and kind of hesitated and stut-

That he had been shipping clerk tered, like he didn't like me in there,

and time-keeper at the pencil fac- somehow or other."

tory, and that Frank had discharged (On the strength of what Frank
him on April 7th, for an alleged insinuated against Gantt, he was ar-
shortage of $2 in the pay-roll. rested before Frank was, and not
He had known Mary Phagan since released until Thursday night.)
she was a little girl, and that Frank :Mrs. J. A. ^^^lite, sworn for the
knew her., too. State, said that she went to the fac-
One Saturday afternoon, she came tory to see her husband, who was at
in the officehave her time cor-
to work there, on April 26th. She went
rected, by Gantt, and after Gantt had at 11:30, and stayed till 11:50, when
gotten through with her, Mr. Frank she She returned about 12:30,
came in and said: ^''You seem to and saw Frank standing before the
know Mary pretty well.'''' safe, in his outer office. "I asked him
After Gantt discharged, he
was if Mr. White had gone back to work;

went back to the factory on two occa- he jumped, like I surprised him, and
sions, "il/r. Frank saiv me both times. turned and said, 'Yes.'
She went up stairs to see her hus- of Mrs. White at 11 :50 and her second
band, and while she was np there, coming at 12:30!
about 1 o'clock. Frank came up and Frank's own admission put the girl
told Mr. White that if she wanted to alone with him in his private office,
get out before 3 o'clock, she had bet- shortly after the noon hour; and when
ter come doAvn. as lie ws going to Mrs. White returns at 30 minutes
leave, and lock the door, and that she after the noon hour, the girl is no-
had better he ready hy the time he where to be seen.
covld get his coat and hat. AAHio can account for Mary between
Mrs. White testified to this tre- these times? And who can account
mendously important fact for Frank?
"As I was going on down the steps, Here is the tragedy, hemmed within
/ saw a negro sitting on a box., close the first and the second
to the stairway on the first floor. arrival of Mrs.
White a space which
"Mr. Frank did not have his coat or could not be filled by any two human
hat on when I passed out." beings, excepting Jim Conley and Leo
On cross-examination, this lady Frank.
swore: "I saw a negro sitting be- We will see, later, how each of the
tween the stairway and the door^ two filled it.)
about five or six feet fom the foot of Harry Scott, the State's next wit-
the stairway." ness, was Superintendent of the local
While Mrs. White was talking to branch of the Pinkerton Detective
her husband, between 11 :30 and 11 :50. Agency. He was employed by Frank
she saw Miss Corinthia Rail and Mrs. for the pencil factory.
Emma Freeman there, and they left In Frank's private office, Monday
before she did. afternoon, April 28th. the detective
(Mrs. White did not work at the heard Frank's detailed account of hia
factory, and did not know Jim Con- movements the Saturday before. Frank
ley. The place where she saw a told of his going to Montag's. and of
negro sitting, was where Jim sat when the coming of Mrs. White.
he had nothing else to do. Picture to "He then stated that Mary Phagan
yourself the interior of the factory, as came into the factory at 12:10 p. m.,
Mrs. White departs at about 1 o'clock to draw her pay; that she had been
that fatal Saturday. laid otf the Monday previous, and she
Two carpenters are at work on the was paid $1.20, and that he paid her
fourth floor, tearing out a partition off in his inside office., where he was

and putting up a new one. and they at his and when she left his
are 40 feet bach from the elevator. office and went into the outer office

Frank is sitting on the second floor. she had reached the outer office door,
near the head of the stairs; and Jim leading into the hall, and turned
Conley is seated at the foot of the around to Mr. Frank, and asked if the
same stairs, on the floor below, not metal had come yet. Mr. Frank re-
more than thirty feet from his white plied that he didn't know, and that
boss. Mary Phagan, he thought, reached the
The lady passes on out. leaving stairway, and he heard voices, but he
these two men practically together. couldn't distinguish whether they
According to his own statemen to the were men or girls talldng."
police officers, Frank has already had witness stated that it was
Mary Phagan, in his office., in his before !Mary came that Frank said he
possession, between the first departure
heard the voices before 12 o'clock.

(Let me explain that Mary worked time the negro was talking to him,
on P^rank's floor, some distance back and finally, in about thirty seconds,
of his office, and that she placed metal he said, 'Well, they have got me, too.'
tips on the pencils. The supply of After that, we asked Mr. Frank if he
this metal gave out, and more was had gotten anything out of the negro,
ordered, but in the meantime Mary and he said, ''No, Lee still sticks to his

was unemployed. Her question, "Has original story.''

the metal come?" was therefore equiv- "Mr. Frank was extremely nervous
alent to, "AVill there be work tor me He was very squirmy in
at that time.
next Monday?" his chair, crossing one leg after the
Note particularly that in his private other, and didnH know where to put
conference with his own detective, he his hands; he was moving them up
did not pretend that he had not and down his face, and he hung his
knoicn Mary Phagan. On the con- head a great deal of the time while
trary, see what Scott says further on.) the negro was talking to him. He
"He (Frank) also stated, during hreathed very heavily, and took deep
our conversation, that Gantt knew sivalloirs, and hesitated somewhat. His

Mary Phagan very well, and that he eyes were about the same as they are
was familiar, and intimate with her. now.
He seemed to lay special stress on it. "That interview between Lee and
at the time. He said that Gantt paid Frank took place shortly after mid-
a good deal of attention to her." night, Wednesday, April 30. On Mon-
(The morning before, he did not day afternoon, Frank said to me that
know her, and had to consult his book the first punch on Newt Lee's slip
Although he had passed within three was 6:33 p. m., and his last punch
feet of her, every day when he went to was 3 a. m. Sunday. He didn't say
the toilet, and had paid her off every anything at that time about there
week, for about a year, he did not being any error in Lee''s punches. Mr.
know any girl of that name!) Black and I took Mr. Frank into cus-
Mr. Herbert J. Haas (later the tody about 11:30 a. m.. Tuesday.
Chairman of the Frank Finance Com- April 29th.
mittee) told the detective to report to ^''His hands were quivering very
him. first, before letting the public much, he was very pale. On Sunday,
know "what evidence we had gathered. May 3, I went to Frank's cell at the
We told him we would withdraw jail with Black, and / asked Mr.
from the case before ice would adopt Frank if, from the time he arrived at
any practice of that sort.'''' the factory from Montag Bros.\ up
Scott asked Frank to use his influ- until 12:50 p. m., the time he went
ence as employer with Newt Lee, and upstairs to the fourth floor, was he
to try to get him to tell what he Imew, inside of his office the entire time, and
Frank consented, and the two were he stated, 'Yes:
put in a private room, in order that 'Then I asked him if he was inside
Frank might get something out of his office everyminute from 1% o'' clock
the "tall, slim night-watch." until 12:30, and he said, 'Yes.''
"When about ten minutes was up, "I made a very thorough search of
Mr. Black and I entered the room, the area around the elevator and
and Lee hadn't finished his conversa- radiator, and back in there. I made
tion with Frank, and was saying: a surface search; I found nothing at
*Mr. Frank, it is awful hard for me all. I found no ribbon or purse, or
to remain handcuffed to this chair. pay envelope, or bludgeon or stick. I
and Frank hung his head the entire spent a great deal of time around the
trap dooi\ and I remember running was answered, "No," instead of, "I'
the light around the doorway^ right don't know?"
close to the elevator^ looking for If she was murdered below, on the
splotches of hlood^ hut I found noth- first floor, or in the basement, what
ing.'''' did it matter^ whether or not she
(No was made to impeach
effort went to the metal room^ on the second
Harry Scott, and the whole brunt of floor?
Rosser's cross-examination was to com- If Jim Conley, sitting at the foot of
pel the witness to admit that Frank the stairway, assaulted the girl as she
answered the girl's question about the was passing out, and either killed her
metal, by saying, "iVc," instead of, "/ there, or threw her down into the
donH hnowP basement, where he afterwards killed
her, what difference did it make, if
If Frank answered, "TVc*," her in-
quiry ended right there, and there was the white man, at the head of the
nothing for the girl to linger for: she stairway., told the girl he didn't know

would go on down stairs. But if her whether the metal had come?
question, "Has the metal come?" was If the evidence places the crime on
answered by, "I don't know," the girl any other floor than Frank's own, why
battle with the witness as to what
herself would want to learn^ for cer-
tain^ ichether there loould he any need was said and done on Frank's floor?
for her to return Monday morning.
There is but one answer: the physi-
cal indications were on Frank's floor,
As the next day was Sunday, there
would be no work for her on Monday, partly in the metal room, and partly
in the next, on the way to the ele-
unless the metal were already on hand.
because, if it reached Atlanta Sunday,
vator. Rosser umnted to keep Frank
it would not be delivered at the fac-
and Mary arc ay from, that metal roomy
tory until some time after the work where a tress of her hair hung on the
hours began on Monday. projecting crank of a bench-lathe, and
where some of her blood had stained
Therefore, when Frank told his own
the floor.
detective, in their first confidential
Rosser dared not leave unassailed
talk, thathe gave the girl's question
the answer of Frank to Mary, which
a reply which necessarily left her in
opened the way naturally for a visit
doubt, he stated a fact that leads to
to the metal room, at the back end of
the reasonable, if not inevitable con-
the building, where he could close the
clusion, that either he or she proposed
door, and have her securely entrapped.

that one or the other or both go to
the metal room, and see!
Let us now take the next witness,
To make whether the new
Monteen Stover a girl of about the
metal had come, she would go to the
room where she worked, and look. If

same age as Mary and who also
worked at the facto^5^ She. too. came
the metal had come, and was ready for her wages on Memorial Day, April
for use next week,it was there!
2Gth. She testified
Now, when you examine page 25 of "I was at the factory at 5 minutes
the official Brief
of Evidence, and after 12 o'clock that day. I stayed
find that Eosser's assault on the wit- there 5 minutes and left at 10 minutes
ness was directed chiefly to this point, after 12. I went there to get my
you naturally ask, Why did it make money.
such a difference? Why did Frank's "I went in Mr. Frank's office: he-
lawyer so strenuously endeavor to was not there. I didn't see or hear
make it appear that the girl's inquirj^ anj'bod}'' in the building.

^'The door to the metal room ivas On page 243 of the official record
olosed. appears a statement made by Frank
''I looked at the clock on my way to N. A. Lanford, Chief of Detectives,
up. on Monday morning, April 28th,
"/ icent through the first office into 1913:
the second office.''^ "The office boy and stenographer
Pray note that the crucial minutes were with me in the office mitil noon.

in this terrible case are fixed by They left about 12, or a little after."
Frank'' s own clock. The witnesses are (This was true.) After they left, "this
in full view of it, as they go up and little girl, Mary Phagan, came in, but

down the stairs. Newt

Lee, Mrs. J. at the time I did not know that was
A. White, Miss Monteen Stover, and her name.
all the others who testify as to what "She came in between 12:05 and
happens in the factory, that Satur- 12:10, maybe 12:07, to get her pay-
day, go by this clock. Presumably. envelope, her salar3^ I paid her, and
Frank himself does so, in telling his she went out of the office. ... It was
detective about his movements that my impression that she just walked
morning. away."
The gubernatorial Benedict Arnold This statement, which Frank knew
who betrayed his people and became was being reduced to writing, accords
the national hero of rich Jews, de- with what he told the officers who
clared to the world that Leo Frank went to his house Sunday morning.
must haA'e been in his inner office He was accurate in fixing the time
when ]Monteen Stover called. I men- when his stenographer left (as you
tion the fact, because it proves that will see later), and he was also accu-
John M. Slaton must be morally cer- rate in fixing the time of Mary Pha-
tain where his client and his clienfs gan's arrival.
victim were^ while Monteen tvas wait- He did not then know that Monteen
ing in the vacant offices. Nothing Stover had followed so closely upon
but the closed door of that metal room the heels of Mary, and was in his
kept Monteen from catching Slaton's office at the very time when an inno-
guilty client in the very act! cent Leo Frank would have been there.
While the one girl was waiting in Slaton knew that Frank had to be
the empty and silent offices, the other in his office from 12:05 to 12:10, else
was in the metal room, unconscious, he lolled the girl; and of course
and soon to be dead. Frank knew it, too.
Slaton ravished the official record, Therefore, the murderer tells his
by telling an easily duped public that detective, and the city officers, that he
Leo Frank was in his second office at was in his office, at the crucial time;
from 12:05 to 12:10. This corrupt and when an unexpected, and unim-
traitor knows that unless Frank can peachable, witness turns up, and
be stationed in his office, at that iden- swears that he was not in his office, at
tical time, he assaulted and murdered the crucial time, one of his attorneys
the girl. Consequentl3^ Slaton rapes issues a gubernatorial proclamation
the record, and puts his client where which obliterates Monteen Stover^s
he was not, in order that the Avorld testimony, and restores his guilty
may not know where he teas; namely, client to the place of innocence which
behind the closed door of the metal the murderer took for himself, before
room. Avhere the crime was being com- he knew of Monteen''s being in his
mitted, as Monteen Stover waited for office while he was committing the
(the missinj; Frank. crime in the metal room.
After an intelligent white girl of R. P. Bariett was the next witness
flawless character, and Mith no con- for the State.
ceivable motive for perjiHT swears He he was the machin-
testified that
positively that she went to Frank';* ist at the pencil factor}-, and that on
office to get her money, and that she Monday morning, April 2Sth, he
looked fgr him in both rooms the "found an unusual spot that I had
outer and the inner offices Governor never seen before, at the west end of
John M. Slat on argued to the public the dressing room, on the second floor.
that his client was in the second That spot was not there Friday. It
office, during the whole -five minutes was blood. The spot was four or five
that the girl was looking and tcaiting inches in diameter, and little spots
for h im ! behind these from the rear six or
Could there be moral turpitude eight in number. I discovered these
blacker than that of a Governor who between 6:30 and 7 o'clock. White
prostitutes his office to protect blood- stuff (potash or haskoline) was
guilt, and who endeavors to hide his smeared over the spots.
own baseness by falsifying the oflScial "I found some hair on the handle
records of his State? of bench lathe.
a The handle was
Slaton did, Avith a spurt of his pen. in the shape of an L. The hair was
that which Burns, Rabbi Marx, hanging on the handle, swinging
Frank's wife, and Samuel Boornstein down. The hair was not there Fri-
were unable to do by persuasion or day. It was my machine. I know

by threat he got rid of the evidence the hair was not there Friday, because
which convicts Leo Frank of the mur- I had used that machine up to quit-
der of Mary Phagan. The most per- ting time, Friday, 5:30.
sistent, unprecedented, and illegal "I could tell it was blood by look-
methods were used by the Burns De- ing at it. I found the hair some few
tective Agency, and by Rabbi Marx
minutes afterward about six or eight
to induce this honest young woman, strands, pretty long. WhenI left my
Monteen Stover, to perjure herself; machine Friday, I a piece of
but these outrageous efforts were work in it. AVhen I got back, the
foiled by the old-fashioned honesty of piece of work was still there. It had
this poor daughter of the ivorking not been disturbed."
class. (Bear in mind, that all of this was
It was the snob Governor, of high early Monday morning, when no Gen-
society, gilded club-life, and palatial tile had accused Leo Frank, for whom
environment, that proved to be the rich Jews had already, in secret, em-
rotten pippin in our barrel. Rich ployed the best lawyers. When the
Jews could not buy the work-people rascally Burns got into the case, an
whose daily bread is earned by the effort was made to bribe this machin-
toil of their hands. Rich Jews were ist, but he refused to sell out,)
never able to move a single member The State's next witness, Mell Stan-
of the juiy which listened for weeks ford, had been working for Frank
to this damning testimony. Neither two years. He testified that he swept
could Judge Roan, or our Supreme up the whole floor in the metal room
Court be moved. With splendid in- Friday, April 25th. "I moved every-
tegrity, our whole system withstood thing, and swept everything. I swept
the attacks of Big Money, until, at under Mary's and Barrett's machines.
length, nothing was left but the per- On Monday thereafter, I found a spot
fidy of a Governor who, in the inter- that had some white haskoline over it,
est of his client, betrayed a high on second floor, near dressing room,
office, and a great people. that wasn't there Friday when 1

swept. The spot looked to me like it davit he gave to Solicitor Dorsey

was blood, w'ith dark spots scattered and, again, at the coroner's inquest.
around." (In other words, Holloway en-
The extreme importance of the evi- trapped the State, which had his
dence ofBarrett and Stanford is, sworn testimony, twice given, that he
that the hair and the spots were not had left the elevator locked at 11 :45
there on Friday. As Barrett's hands Saturday morning. He had not noti-
had been turning his machine handle, fied them of his change., otherwise the

at 5:30 Friday evening, the tress of State would not have put him up.)
woman's hair could not have been on On cross-examination, Holloway
ii then. How came it there after the stated that Frank got back from Mon-
men and girls quit work Fridaj?^? And tag's at about 11 o'clock. That Frank

whose was it. if not Mary Phagan's? was working on his books in the office.
That Corinthia Ilall^ and Emma
As Stanford swept the floor Friday,
Clark were coming toward the factory
the blood spots could not have been
(at 11:1^5)., when he., Holloway., was
there then, for his small hroom icould
certainly have swept the white pow-
(Remember this: its importance
der. Whether paint or blood, how
was not apparent to the witness when
came the spots, and the white powder
he swore it., and he was doing what
on the floor, after Stanford swept up,
he could to help his employer.)
Friday ?
He had often seen blood spots on
the floor, but didn't remember having
Mrs. George W. Jefferson testified
seen those Barrett found.
that she worked at the pencil factory,
Witness had never seen Frank
and that on Monday, "u'e saw hlood speak to Mary Phagan, Cords like
on the second floor, in front of the that found on Mary's neck are all
girls' dressing room. It was about
over the place. They come on the
05 hig as a fan^ and something white
bundles of slats that are tied around
was over it. I didn't see it there Fri- the pencils. Barrett found the blood,
day. I have been working there
hair, and pay-envelope.
years. The spot I saw was not one of
Witness' explanation of the differ-
the paints. The white stuff did not ence between his former testimony
hide the red. You could see it
about the elevator, and that which he
was giving at the trial, is quite sim-
R. B. Haslett testified that on Mon- ple and satisfactory: he says that he
day morning he and ]\Ir. Black went sawed a plank for the two carpenters
out to Frank's house, to request him on the fourth floor, and forgot about
to appear at the station-house. it; and, as soon as he remembered
"I saw Mr. Rosser and Mr. Haas that he had sawed the plank, he recol-
at the station-house about 8 :30 or 9 lected that he had forgotten to lock
o'clock. Mr. Frank was at the sta- the elevator. Thus doth the little
tion-house two or three hours." busy bee improve each shining hour;
and, by association of ideas, remember
E. F. Holloway, sworn for the that forget fulness as to sawing one
State: Was day watchman at fac- plank, revives the memory to the
tory. Forgot to lock the elevator on extent that one can recall what it was
Saturday, when he left the factory at he forgot.
11 :45, Witness admitted that he had N. X. Darley was Manager of a
previously sworn twice that he left branch of the pencil factory. He tes-
the elevator locked; once, in the affi- tified
"Mr. Sig Montag is my superior, "Scratch pads are scattered all over
Mr. Frank and I are of equal dignity the building.
in the factory. "Mr. Frank told me that the slip
^'I was there Sunday morning he took out of the clock Sunday
(April 27), about 8:20. *I saw Mr. morning had been punched regularly.
Frank that morning. When I first / made the some mistake.'''^
saw him, I observed nothing unusual. (Darley, like Frank, wanted to give
When we started to the basement, 1 an innocent negro an hour of the
noticed that his hands were trembling night, so that he might have time to
I observed that he seemed still nerv- go home and back.)
ous when he went to nail up the back W. F. Anderson, sworn for the
door. Frank explained why he was State, said that when the call came
nervous by saying he hadn't had from the night-watchman at the fac-
breakfast, and that the sight at the tory, Lee phoned that a woman was
morgue had unnerved him. dead at the factory.
"T'Ae elevator was unlocked. "I asked him if it was a white
''''Mr. Frank told me in the hase- woman or a negro woman. He said
ment that he helieved the murder had it vjas a white woman.''"'
been committed in the basement. Anderson went to the factory, used
"When we started down the ele- the ladder to reach the basement, and
vator, he was shaking all over. He at about 3 :30 he began to use the tele-
looked pale. When riding down to phone trying to get Leo Frank. "I
the police station, Mr. Frank was on heard the telephone rattling and buz-
my knee: he was trembling. "\Vhen zing: I continued to call for fve min-
my attention was called to it, I no- utes: got no answer.
ticed something that looked like blood, "/ called Mr. Tlaas^ and Mr. Mon-
with something white over it, at the tag, too; I got a response from both.
ladies' dressing room, Monday morn- I tried to get Frank again at 4 o'clock.
ing. Central said she rang, and couldn't
^''Barrett showed me some hair on get him.
the lever of a lathe: six or eight "There are plenty of pencils and
strands, at the outside. trash in the basement. The trash was
"Pay-envelopes are found scattered all uj) next to the boiler.''''

all around. H. L. Parry, and G. C. February,

"The factory is supposed to be stenographers, swore to their reports
locked and unoccupied by any person of Frank's statements to Chief Lan-
on Sundays. ford, and to the coroner's jury.
"Frank usually started on his bal- Albert McKnight, a negro, testified
ance sheet in the afternoon. that his wife, Minola, cooks for Mrs.
"Frank is a small, thin man, about Selig. with whom Frank and wife
125, or 130 pounds. Is easily upset, lived on Saturda}^ April 2Gth, he

and nervous. Eubs his hands. Sig wos at the home of Frank to see
Montag had a fuss with Frank on Minola. He saw Frank when he came
fourth and Montag hollered at
floor, home, "close to 1:30. He did not eat
him considerably, and he was very any dinner. He came in, went to the
nervous the balance of the evening; sideboard of the dining room, stayed
he shook and trembled. He says, 'Mr. there a few minutes, and then he goes
Darley, I just can't work,' and some out, and catches a car. Stayed there
of the boys told me he took spirits of about five or ten minutes.
ammonia for his nerves. "I certainlv saw Mr. Frank that

day, from the kitchen, where I waa probably longer. The blood was very
sitting." much congested. The blood had set-
Cross-examination failed to shake tled in her face, because she was lying
the negro, and he was corroborated on her face.
later by white men who said he had "I found some dirt and dust under
made the same statements to them, the nails. Some urine and dry blood
soon after the murder. splotches on the underclothes. The
Miss Helen Ferguson testified that right leg of the drawers was split
she worked at the pencil factory. with a Imife, or ripped right up the
"I saw Mr. Frank on Friday, April seam.
25, about 7 o'clock in the evening, and "/7er right eye was very dark^ and
asked for Mary Phagan's money. Mr. very much swollen^ like it was hit
" If it had been after
Frank said, 'I can't let you have it.' before death.
Witness had got Mary's money be- death, there wouldn't have been any
fore,but not from Frank. swelling.
R. L. Waggoner swore to seeing "I found a wound 2^/4 inches on the
Frank on Tuesday morning, walk to back of the head. It was made before
the windowof the pencil factory, a death, because it bled a great deal.
dozen times in half an hour, look The hair was matted with hlood^ and
down on the sidewalk, and twist his very dry. There is no circulation
hands. In the automobile, after his after death. / dldnH notice any
arrest, Frank's leg was shaking. scratches on her nose. I don't think
J. L. Chief of Police,
Beavers, the little girl lost much
swore: "Saw what
I took to be a Dr. Claude Smith testified that on
splotch of blood on the floor, near the one of the chips brought him, he
dressing room door. It looked like found three, four, or five corpuscles
blood." of blood. Couldn't say it was human

R. M. Lassiter swore that he found

blood. A
drop, or half a drop, or
even less, would have caused it. Ex-
a parasol in thebottom of the elevator
amined the bloody shirt found at
shaft, Sunday morning; also a ball of
Newt Lee's. It was smeared inside
small wrapping twine; also a person's
and "I got no odor from the
armpits that it had been worn. The
"/ noticed evidenec of dragging blood was high up about the waist-
from the elevator in the basement line."
The umbrella was not crushed. There Dr. J. W.
Hurt, County Physician,
is a whole lot of trash at the bottom" testified wounds, one back of
to the
of the elevator shaft. the head, and the other on the eye.
W. H. Gheesling, funeral director "Black, contused eye. number of A
and embalmer, testified small minor scratches on the face.
"I moved the body of Mary Phagan Tongue protruding. Cord around the
(from the factory) at 10 minutes to neck. She died of strangulation.
4 o'clock, in the morning, April 27th. There was swelling on the neck. The
This cord was around her neck. wound on back of head, made by blunt
There was an impress of an eighth af instrument, and the blow from down
an inch on her neck. The rag was upward. It was calculated to produce
around her head, and over her face. unconsciousness. Scratches on face
The tongue was an inch and a quarter made after death. Hymen not intact.
out of her mouth, sticking out. The Blood on the parts. Vagina a little
body was rigid ... in my opinion, she large for her age: enlargement could
had been dead ten or fifteen hours. have been made by penetration before
death. Normal virgin uterus. She been done to vagina some little time
was not pregnant. before death. Perhaps ten or fifteen
"T^Ae body looked as if it had been minutes.
dragged through the dirt and cinders. "'There was evidence of violence in
It was my impression that she was the neighborhood of the hymen. This
dragged face forward." violence to the hymen had evidently
Dr. H. F. Harris, a practising phy- been done just before death.
sician, testified: "Menses could not have caused any
"I made an examination of the body dilation of blood vessels, and discol-
of Mary Pliagan on May 5th. On oration of walls.
"Contents of stomach showed that
very little alteration, if any, had
taken place in the cabbage and biscuit
eaten for dinner. She died in half-
an-hour, or three-quarters afterwards.
"The violence to the private parts
might have been produced by the
finger or other means, but I found
evidence of violence.''''
C. B. Dalton, sworn for the State,
said that he knew Leo Frank, Daisy
Hopkins, and Jim Conley. He had
been to the pencil factory several
times. Had been in the basement.
"Daisy Hopkins introduced me to
Frank. When I went down the lad-
der (into the basement) Daisy Hop-
kins went with me. We went back to
a trash pile in the basement. I saw
an old cot, and a stretcher.
"Frank had Coco-Cola, lemon and
lime, and bee)\ in his office. I never
saw the women in his office doing any
writing. The first time I went to
DR. H. F.HARRIS, CHIEF STATES WITNESS AS Frank's office, it was Saturday eve-
ning. I went in there with Daisy

found a hem- Hopkins. There were women in the

removing skull, little
office. I have been in there several
orrhage under the skull, correspond-
times. Conley was sitting at the front
ing with point where blow was re-
Blow hard enough to render door."
Injury to eye S. L. Rosser: "I am city police-
person unconscious.
and scalp made before death. Strang- man. On May th or 7th, I Imew that

ulation by cord, the cause of death.

Mrs. White claimed she saw a negro
at the factory on Saturday morning,
Examined vagina. No spermatazoa.
April 26th.
On walls of vagina, evidence of vio-
some kind. Epithelium pulled "Mrs. White volunteered the in-
lence of
completely detached in places, formation about seeing the negro."
blood vessels dilated immediately be-
Harry Scott, recalled:
neath surface, and a great deal of "I knew on Monday (April 28),
hemorrhage in surrounding tissues. that Mrs. White claimed she saw a
"Indications were that violence had darkey at the pencil factory. I gave

the information to the police depart- Frank and Rebecca Carson repeatedly
ment. go into the ladies' private room, on
the fourth floor, and remain fifteen or
twenty minutes. This was during
work hours. Rebecca Carson carried
the key to this room.

Let us now give the gist of the evi-

dence of Jim Conley, the accomplice,
whose confession blocked Leo Frank's
deliberate scheme to hang the innocent
negro, Newt Lee.
Jim told how Frank would have
private meetings with women in the
factory, while he, Jim, kept a watch-
out. He told of how another young
man (Dalton) visited the factory, and
how there would be "a lady for him,
and one for Mr. Frank."


Frank gave me the informa-

tionwhen I first talked to him.''''
(Pray observe that Frank not only
told the detective whomhe employed.^
that heknew Mary Phagan, and that
he knew J. M. Gantt was paying con-
siderable attention to her, but that he
knew Jim Conley was in the factory
on the day of the crime.
Yet he was directing the police to a
negro Avho was not there until night-
fall, and to a white man who merely
went in to get some old shoes!)
"I gotinformation as to Conley
writing, through my operations while M. GANTT, ARRESTED FOR CRIME ON AC-
I was out of town. Personally, / did COUNT OF FRANK'S STATEMENTS.
not get the information from; the pen-
cil factory, I got it from outside He told of how Frank would signal
sources, wholly disconnected with the to him, by "stomping" on the floor,
pencil company." when a woman was alone with Frank,
Misses Myrtice Cato and Maggie and how he, Jim, was then to lock the
Grifiin, both swore that they had seen door. When Frank got through with

hiswoman, he would whistle, and Jim Next, he heard the "stomp," and the
would unlock the door. whistle, and went upstairs.
Conley told of meeting Frank near "]\fr. Frank was standing there at
Montag"s, that Saturday morning, and the top of the etairs, shivering and
of their talk: on this point of the trembling, and rubbing his hands, like
meeting, and an apparently confiden- this" illustrating.
tial talk, the negro was corroborated "Pie had a little rope in his hands
by Mrs. Hattie Waites. a long, wide piece of cord.
Tlie negro told of how the Jew "liis eyes looked funny. His face
instructedhim where to sit, and what was red.
to do, when they reached the factoi-y "After I got to the top of the
after Frank got back from Montag's. stairs,he asked me:
Mary Phagan was expected; and " 'Did you see that little girl that
Frank was planning to prevent inter- passed here just a while ago?'
ruption, while he was alone with her. "I told him I saw one come along
The negro then told of how he sat there, and she come back again, and
where Frank told him to, and he then I saw another one come along
named the several visitors that came there, and she hasn't come back down.
to the factory during the morning. "And he says, 'Well, the one you
At length, he reaches the doomed say didn't come back down, she came
girl,and he said into my office, and I went back there
"The next person I saw. was the to see if her work had come, and I
lady that is dead. wanted to be with the little girl, and
"After I went upstairs. I heard her she refused me, and I struck her, and
footsteps going towards the office; I guess I struck her too hard, and she
after shewent in the office, I heard fell and hit her head against some-
two people walking out of the office, thing^ and I don't know how bad she
and going like they were coming got hurt."
down the steps; but they didn't come At the time Jim made this state-
down the steps; they went hack ment first to the officers, he did not
toicard the metal department.'^'' Imow that there was a wound in the
("Has the metal come? Will there back of the girl's head and, of course,

be work for me, next week?" he did not know it rangea "from down
No more work for you, Mary Pha- upward."
gan! He did not know that her eye was
You can die in defense of our vir-
3^ black and swollen, and that scientific
tue, but never more will you turn testimony would prove the two wounds
the dull wheel of Labor!) to have been given at practically the
"'After they went back there, I same time.
heard the lady scream, but I didn't Without Jim's story of the blow in
hear no more; and the next person her face, and her fall against some-
that came was Miss Monteen Stover. thing, it would be impossible to take
She sta^'ed there a pretty good while the official record and explain those
it wasn't so very long, either she
two wounds front and rear.
came back down the steps, and left. One man could not have made the
"After she came back down the two wounds, simultaneously : the fall
steps, and left, I heard somebody from against the handle of the machine
the metal department come running made the rear wound, and explains
back there upstairs, on their tip-toes its peculiar range.
then I heard somebody tip-toeing back Had Jim been making up a story,
to the metal department." he would have said that she fell

against the crank,, or against some Note, farther on, that Miss Nellie
sharp corner, naming it. Woods swore that Frank used these
In the excitement of the moment, identical words to her, when he had
Frank himself did not know ichat it her in his office, and was trying to get
was that the girl had struck in fall- his hands under her clothes.
ing,, else he would have removed her Of course, Jim Conley did not know
tress of hair from the crank. that Frank had ever used those words
Is it not an evidence of the veracity to a white girl, and the corroboration
of the negro's story, that he repre- IS powerful.
sents Frank as saying he had hit the The negro continued:
girl too hard, and in falling she had "The reason he said that was, I had
hit something,, and he did not know seen him in a position I haven't seen
how bad she was hurt? any other man," etc.

The fact is. Frank expected to over- The language is set forth in the
come the girl's resistance without any opinion of two Justices of the
more violence than rakes usually exert Georgia Supreme Court, who dis-
on modest girls who stoutly resist, sented from the majority. They con-
and even cry out, at first. sidered the evidence improper, and
Her determined fight enraged him; their dissent was based upon this, and
and, knowing that he had but a few upon other evidence of Frank's vices.
minutes in which to accomplish his What Jim described, was the crime
purpose, he struck her, believing she of Sodom.
would then yield, through fear. "He asked me if I wouldn't go back
. When she fell on the floor, he may there, and bring her up, so that he
have thought she was shamming un- could put her somewhere; and he said
consciousness and he therefore ripped
to hurry that there would be mone}''

her drawer-leg, clear up, and did the in it for me.

violence to the vagina. HOW?
Not "When I came back there, I found
in the natural way. the lady lying flat of her back, with a
Then, his passion cooled, he saw rope around her neck. The cloth was
that the girl was badly hurt and that ; also tied around her neck, and part of
if he allowed her to leave, in her it was under her head, like to catch

pitiable condition, she would go out blood.She was dead when I went back
into the streets, and make the city and I came back and told Mr.
ring with what she could tell,, and Frank the girl was dead, and he said,
what she could show. 'Sh, sh.' He told me to go back there
Having gone that far it was death by the cotton box. get a piece of cloth,

anyway he ran for the cord, tied it put it around her, and bring her up.
around her neck, as tight as he could I didn't hear what Mr. Frank said,
tie it; and left her, to call for help and I came on up there to hear what
from Jim, his confidential man, in he said. He was standing on the top
such matters. of the steps, like he was going down
The from her underskirt was
strip the steps, and while I was back in the
probably torn off, and wadded under metal department. I didn't under-
the girl's head, when he pushed up stand what he said, and I came on
her clothes, and ripped the leg of her back there to understand what he did
drawers. say, and he said to go and get a piece
Conley continued his testimony, as of cloth to put around her, and I went
to what Frank said to him: and looked around the cotton box, and
" 'Of course you know / ain't huilt got a piece of cloth and went back
" there.
like other men.''
The girl was lying flat on her ribbon, and I said, 'Mr. Frank, what
hack', and her hands were out this am I going to do with these things?'
way. I j)ut hoth of her hands down and he said. 'Just leave them right
easily, and rolled her up in the cloth, there,* and I taken the things and
and taken the cloth and tied her up. jiitched them over in front of the
and started to pick her up, and I boiler, and after Mr. Frank had left,
looked back a little distance and saw I goes over to the elevator, and he
her hat and piece of ribbon laying said, 'Come on up and I will catch
down, and her slippers, and I taken you on the first floor,' and I got on
them and put them all in the cloth, the elevator and started it to the first
and I ran my right arm through the floor, and Mr. Frank was running up
cloth and tried to bring it up on my there. lie didnH give me time to stop
shoulder. The cloth was tied just like the elevator, he icas so nervous and
a person that was going to give out tremhly, and before the elevator got
clothes on Monday; they get the to the top of the first floor, Mr. Frank
clothes and put them on the inside of made the first step onto the eleva'or,
a sheet and take each corner and tie and by the elevator being a little
the four corners, and I run my right down, like that, he stepped down on
arm through the cloth after I tied it it and hit me quite a blow right over
that way and went to put it on my about my chest, and that jammed me
shoulder and I found I couldn't get it up against the elevator, and when we
on my shoulder; it was heavy, and I got near the second floor he tried to
carried it on my arm the best I could, step off hefore it got to the floor, and
and when I got away from the little his foot caught on the second floor as
dressing room that was in the metal he was stepping ofl", and that made
department, I let her fall, and I was him stumble and he fell back sort of
scared and kind of jumped, and I said, against me, and he goes on and takes
'Mr. Frank, you will have to help me the key hack to his of ice and leaves
with this girl, she is heavy,' and he the hox unlocked.
come and caught her by the feet, and "I was willing to do anj'thing to
I laid hold of her by the shoulders, help Mr. Frank because he was a
and when we got her that way I was white man and my superintendent,
backing and Mr. Frank had her by and he sat down and I sat down at
the feet, and Mr. Frank kind of put the table, and Mr. Frank dictated the
her on me; he was nervous and trem- notes to me. Whatever it was, it
bling, and after we got up a piece didn't seem to suit him, and he told
from where we got her at, he let her me to turn over and write again, and
feet drop, and then he picked her up. I turned the paper and wrote again,
and we went on to the elevator, and and when I done that he told me to
he pulled down on one of the cords turn over again, and I turned over
and the elevator wouldn't go, and he again and I wrote ont he next page
said, 'Wait, let me go in the office, and there, and he looked at that and kind
get the key; and he went in the of ice of liked it .and he said that was all
and got the key and come hack and right. Then he reached over and got
unlocked the sicitchhoard, and the ele- another piece of paper, a green piece,
vator went down to the basement, and and told me what to write. He took
we carried her out, and / opened tli it and laid it on his desk, and looked
cloth and rolled her out there on the at me smiling and rubbing his hands,
floor, and Mr. Frank turned around and then he pulled out a nice little
and went on up the ladder, and I no- roll of greenbacks, and he said, 'Here
ticed her hat and slipper and piece of is $200,' and I taken the money and

looked at it a little bit, and I said, place for you to get in all right, but
*Mr. Frank, don't you pay another if you are not coming back, let me
dollar for that watchman, because I know, and I will take those things
will pay him myself,' and he said, 'All and put them down with the body,'
right, I don't see what you want to and I said, 'All right, I will be back
buy a watch for, either; that big, fat in about forty minutes.' Then I went
wife of mine wanted me to buy an down over to the beer saloon across
automobile, and I wouldn't do it.' the street, and I took the cigarettes
And after a while Mr. Frank looked out of the box and there was some
at me and said, 'You go down there money in there and I took that out,
in the basement and you take a lot of and there was two paper dollars in
trash and burn that package that's in there and tw^o silver quarters, and I
front of the furnace,' and I told him took a drink, and then I bought me a
all right. But I ivas afraid to go down double-header and drank it, and I
there hy myself^ and Mr. Frank looked around at another colored fel-
wouldnH go down there with me. He low standing there, and I asked him
said, 'There's no need of my going did he want a glass of beer, and he
down there,' and I said, 'Mr. Prank, said no, and i looked at the clock and
you are a white man, and you done it said twenty minutes to two, and the

it, and I am not going down there and man in there asked me was I going
burn that myself.' He looked at me home, and I said, 'Yes,' and I w^alked
then kind, of fnghtened.^ and he said., south on Forsyth Street to Mitchell
*Let me see that money^ and he took and JNIitchell to Davis, and I said to
the Tnoney hack and put it back in his the fellow that was with me, 'I am
pocket, and I said, 'Is this the way going back to Peters Street,' and a
jou do things?' And he said, 'You Jew across the street that I owed a
keep your mouth shut, that is all dime to called me and asked me about
right.' And Mr. Frank turned round it and I paid him that dime. Then I
in his chair and looked at the money, went on over to Peters Street and
and he looked back at me and folded staid there a while. Then I went
"his hands and looked up and said, home and I taken fifteen cents out of
^Why should I hang? I have wealthy my pocket and gave it to a little girl
people in Brooklyn^ and he looked to go and get some sausage, and then
down when he said that, and I looked I gave her a dime to go and get some
up at him, and he was looking up at wood, and she staid so long that
the ceiling, and I said, 'Mr. Frank, when she came back I said, 'I will
what about me?' And he said. 'That's cook this sausage and eat it and go
all right, don't you worry about this back to Mr. Frank,' and I laid down
thing; you just come back to work across the bed and went to sleep, and
Monday, like you don't know any- I didn't get up any more until half-
thing, and keep your mouth shut; if past six o'clock that night.
you get caught, I will ^(^i you out on That's the last I saw of Mr. Frank
bond and send you away,' and he said. that Saturday. I saw him next time on
'Can you come back this evening and Tuesday, on the 4th floor, when I was
do it?' And I said, 'Yes,' that I was sweeping. He walked up and he said,
coming to get my monej'. He said, ''Now., remember^ keep your mouth
'Well, I am going home to get dinner, shvt,^ and I said, 'All right,' and he
and you come bqck here in about said, '// you'd come, hack on Saturday
forty minutes and I will fix the and done what I told you to do with
money, and I said. 'How will I get it have heen
doxim. there., there icould
in?' And he said, 'There will be a no trouble!' This conversation took

place between ten and eleven o'clock gether; and how, after the two men
Tuesday. ^Mr. Frank knew I could got through, each paid him 25 cents
write a little bit, because he always for watching while they were with
gave me tablets up there at the office the women.
so I could write down what kind of Then Jim told of the Avoman who
boxes we had, and I would give that came down from the fourth floor, to
to Mr. Fi'ank down at his office, and be with Frank in his office, while the
that's the way he knew I could write." negi'o watched.
On cross-examination it lasted 8 (The manner of Frank with these
hours thenegro stated that he was women is set forth in Volume 141 of

27 years old: that before he went to the Georgia Reports, page 287. Any-
the pencil factory, he worked a year one can obtain a copy by writing to
and a half for Dr. Palmer; that he the State Librarian, Atlanta.)
had worked for the Orr Stationery "I never was drunk at the factory.
Company, and for S. S. Gordon. Be- Yes, I sometimes drank beer in the
for that, for Adams Woodword and basement with Snowball" another
Dr. Howell. Got his first job with negro employee.
S. M. Truitt. Next with W. S. Coates. Jim admitted that he had told lies
Went to school one year. Can write about the case, until he decided to
a little. Worked for Truitt two years. confess.
For Coates, five years. ''Mr. Quinn came in, and then went
He admitted he had stooled in the away before Mary Phagan came. Mr.
elevator shaft, Friday evening. Quinn had already gone out of the
"/ have never seen the night watch- factory when Mary Phagan came in.
man^ Newt Lee.'''' I didn't Mr. Barrett, nor Miss
(Notice that had only been
Lee Corinthia Hall, or Hattie Hall, or
there three weeks, and that Conley Alonzo Mann, or Emma
had never seen him; and therefore it "/ never was in jail until April,
was Franl\ not Conley, who knew 1913. I have been down at police bar-
that the night-watch was a ''tall., slim, racks several times. I was arrested
black negro.'''' for fighting black boj^s.I have never
Therefore, it was Frank., not Con- fought a white man, or woman.
ley, Avho was able to accurately de- "While I was writing the notes,
scrihe Lee, in the notes, where he is Mr. Frank took the pencil out of my
twice described I hand, and told me- to rub out that 'a'
This immensely important detail has in 'negro.'
heretofore been overlooked.) "I saw Mary Phagan's mesh-bag,
''T heard them say there was a negro or pocketbook, in Mr. Frank's office,
night watchman, but I did not know after he got back from the basement.
he was a negro. It was lying on his desk. He taken
"The lady that I saw with Mr. it and put it in the safe.''''
Frank was Miss Daisy Hopkins. It "Mr. Frank told me he would send
would alwaj's be between 3 and 3:30 me away from here if they caught
(o'clock p. m.). I was sweeping the me. He would get me out on bond,
second floor; (Frank's office floor). and send me away.
Mr. Frank called me into his office. "I had orders from Mr. Frank to
Miss Daisy was with him." write down how many boxes we
Then Jim told of how Dalton and needed.
another woman came'; how Dalton "il/n Frank knew for a whole year
and his went down into the basement, that I could write. I used to write
and how Frank and his, remained to- for him, the name of the pencils we

made, 'Luxury,' 'George Washington,' (3.) The of nature, 3 o'clock

'Thomas Jefferson,' 'Magnolia,' and after midnight,
that same night,
'Uncle Remus.' which providentially caused the en-
"Yes, / wrote him orders to take dangered Newt Lee to discover the
money out of my wages^
corpse which Frank had intended to
(See the importance of this un- either drag out into the alley behind,
known to the negro: Frank, familiar or bury in the dirt floor, or burn in
with his writing, sees two specimens the furnace, when the fires were
of it in the basement, Sunday morn- started again, Monday.
ing, soon after the corpse is found, (4.) The break-down and confes-
and yet never says a word about the sion of Jim Conley.
''''hand-write'''' being Conley'^s^ nor
about his, Frank's, knowing that Thus the circumstances forged a
Conley could write.) pei-fect chain around l"'rank.
"The pocket-book was a white-look- Like a shuttle in a weaver's loom,
ing pocket-book, with a chain to it. the girl was on the stairs, between
You could take it and fold it up and Conley and Frank: both knew she
hold it in one hand." was there; each man knew the other
(Mary's mother referred to it as a was there; and each man knew that
silver mesh-bag.) if he did not kill the child, the other
Ivie Jones testified that he met Jim did!
Conley on the street, between 1 and If she had left the hands of Frank,
2 Saturday afternoon, of
o'clock, she was flung towards the hands of
April 26th; and that they walked on Conley, at the foot of the stairs; and,
together toward Conley 's home. as Frank knew Conley was there, he
knew the negro assaulted and mur-
The State here
"rested" its case. dered the girl, if he himself did not
It had traced Mary into Frank's pos- do so.
session, and had thrown upon him There isn't a law^yer living who can
the burden of explaining what became get over this point, and explain
of her, for she was found dead, in his Frank's screening of Conley, save
possession (in law), and the condi- upon the idea of their joint guilt.
tion of her stomach and limbs proved The Jew^ never hinted a suspicion
that she was murdered at about the of the negro, until after the negro
time he got possession of her. exonerated Newt Lee, and put the
In the effort to save his life, he pre- awful crime where it belonged.
tended that she had gone into Newt And, without the negro's evidence,
Lee's possession, after nightfall; but no man can possibly explain that hair
he was foiled in his purpose to hang and blood on Frank's floor; the ab-
the innocent negro, by unforeseen cir- sence of blood or signs of struggle,
cumstances : elsewhere; the loose cloth around the
(1.) Theinabilit}^ of his friends head, which soaked up the blood; the
to prove that anybody saw Mary hands folded across the breast, and
alive, after she had been traced almost so frozen into position that, when the
to the factory door: fiendish Jcav dragged her by the heels,
(2.) The providential visit of over a cinder-strewn and gritty dirt
Monteen Stover to Frank's office, at floor, those little fingers remained in
the time when he told Harry Scott position across the bosom, which was
and swore at the inquest that Mary never to pillow a husband's head, or
was in his office, and that he himself nourish an honest man's babe.
never left it: "I put both of her hands down,
easy;" and, as the negro had seen Explain it, NOW, Mr. Schifff
people cross the hands of the dead, A detail of Mr. evidence
he crossed hers upon her breast and : was, that '"''empty sacks are usually
so they found them, next morning. m.oved a few hours after they are
Everlasting honor to the race which taken off the cotton^
produces girls of this heroic mold Frank's gubernatorial attorney
girls who will not live, unless they argued that there was no use for
can live purely I cloth, or sacks, at a pencil factory.
Everlasting honor to the work peo-
ple, and the common people, who Miss Hattie Hall, stenographer,
have fought so grandly, for two long swore she finished her work, carried
years, to avenge that innocent blood I
it to Frank, and left at 12:02, Satur-
xVnd honor forever to the brave men day, punching tlie clock as she went
of Cobb County who carried out the away.
legal sentence of the courts, after
She said Frank did not make up
one of Frank's own lawyers had his financial sheet that morning, but
contemptuously upset the legal ma- admitted she had testified differently
chinery which had judicially ascer- at the inquest.
tained Leo Frank's terrible guilt. Miss Corinthia Hall, sworn for the
defense, stated she was forelady at
THE CASE OF THE DEFENSE. the factory. Got there Saturday about
25 minutes to 12 o'clock. Mrs. P^mma
The first two witnesses, Matthews Clark Freeman was with her. They
and Hollis, merely swore to street-
left at about 15 minutes to 12.
car schedules, and the time Mary was in his office.
Phagan rode into the city.
On cross-examination, witness stated
Herbert SchitF, Assistant Superin- that she and Mrs. Freeman met
tendent of the factory, testified to the Lemmie Quinn a few minutes later at
system of business, manner of paying the Greek Cafe, and Quinn told them
off, how pencils are made, etc.
he had just been up to see Mr. Frank.
He saw the blood spots, and the Mrs. Freeman's evidence was to the
hair. His most important statement same effect.
was made on cross-examination: Miss Eula May Flowers merely tes-
"/ knew on Monday that Mrs.
itfied that she gave Schiff the data
White claimed she saw a negro there^ for financial reports.
Then, ISIr. Schiff, why didn't you Miss Magnolia Kennedy swore that
go after that negro, instead of Newt Helen Ferguson did not ask for Mary
Lee, who was at home, asleep? Phagan's pay envelope.
Answer the question^ NOW^ Mr. On cross-examination, she said:
Eerhert Schifff
"Barrett called my attention to the
You knew, on Monday, that the My
hair. It looked Marys. like
negro whom Mrs. White saw, must
machine was right next to Mary's."
have been Jim Conley ; and you swore
that you saw Conley in the shipping
She had never before seen the spots
room of the factory on Monday, and on the floor, but on Monday could see
on Tuesday, following: you did not
them ten or twelve feet away.
ask Conley a single question about Wade Campbell, another employee:
the crime; and yet you knew he must His sister, Mrs. White, told him,
be the guilty man, if Frank wasn't. Monday, that she had seen the negro
How do you explain your failure Saturday. "I saw the spots they claim
to catechise Jim Conley? was blood. Have never seen Frank

talk to Mary Phagan. I knew that Emil Selig, father-in-law to Frank,

Conley could write." testified to his natural conduct, and
(Tlien, Mr. Campbell, why didn't conversation on Saturday. Flatly
you suspect Conley, whom yon knew contradicted Albert McKnight.
to be the negro your sister saw there, Miss Helen Kerns swore she saw
and whom you knew could write?) Frank on the street, that Saturday,
Lemmie Quinn came next: 10 minutes after 1 p. m., on Alabama
He is foreman of the metal depart- Street.
ment. About 100 women work at fac- Mrs. A. P. Levy: Saw Frank get
tory. Couldn't tell color of hair Bar- off car near his home, between 1 and
rett found. Noticed the blood spots. 2 p. m., that Saturday. Was looking
"I was in the office, and saw Frank at the clock, and knows it was 1 :20.
between 12:20 and 12:25." Mrs. M. G. Michael, of Athens, tes-
He "reckoned" the time, and did tified that Mrs. Frank is her neice.
not go by any clock or watch. He She saw Frank at about 2 o'clock
admitted that he met Miss Hall, and Saturday. He greeted her. She saw
Mrs. Freeman after he had been to nothing unusual about him.
see Frank. Jerome Michael, of Athens, swore
(This was the only attempt at alibi that he had his watch in his hand
and tioo of FranJvS own loitnesses Saturday, and saw Frank that day
smashed if, hy FranJc's own clock. between 1 and 2 o'clock. Saw noth-
Note how they were corroborated ing unusual about him.
by Mrs. White and Holloway, both of "I practise law. I had my watch
whom swore that the ladies, Miss Hall in my hand when I saw Frank."
and Mrs. Freeman, were at the fac- Mrs. Hennie Wolfsheimer swore to.
tory some 10 to 20 minutes before about the same thing. She was
noon. Frank's aunt. She was corroborated
The attem'pt to place Quinn in by Julian Loeb, cousin to Mrs. Frank;
Frank's office at 12 :20, shows how they Cohen Loeb, and H. J. Hinchey.
needed help, there and then: its Miss Eebecca Carson testified that
break-down, left them without a leg she was foreladj^ at the pencil fac-
to stand on.) tory; that the elevator is noisy when
Harr}^ Denham, one of the carpen- running, and that Jim Conley told
ters at work on the fourth floor, tes- her, on Monday, he was so drunk the
tified to the hammering, forty feet previous Saturday he did not know
from the elevator. Was
pretty sure where he was or what he did. She
elevator did not run that day. He also heard Jim say that Frank was
could have seen wheels moving, and as innocent as an angel.
heard the noise. Finished and left Mrs. E. M. Carson testified that
about 3 p. m. Frank was there. Conley said that Frank was innocent.
Minola McKnight: She has seen blood spots on floor.
Testified to Frank's natural and Girls would hurt their fingers.
regular conduct on Saturday and Sun- On cross-examination, she admitted
day. Swore her husband bulldozed she had seen Frank and Conley, on
her into making that affidavit about fourth floor, at the same time, the
Frank getting drunk Saturday night, Tuesday after the murder.
confessing to murder, and wanting to (This was an important corrobora-
kill himself. tion of Conley 's evidence.)
"My husband tried to get me to tell Miss Mary Pirk, another forelady
lies," she said. "All that affidavit is at the factory, swore that on Monday
a lie." she accused Jim of the murder, and
that "he took his broom and walked uncle, Moses Frank, who "is supposed
right out of the office." Miss Mary to be very wealthy."
swore she wouldn't believe Jim on Oscar Pappenheimer, stockholder in
oath. She did not report to Frank tlie pencil factfjr}', swore to receiving
that she suspected Jim. "I accused i-oport ^Monday, April 28th.
Jim before I saw the blood at the C. F. Ursenbach, brother-in-law of
ladies' dressing room." Frank, said he had an engagement
Miss Dora Small testified that she for the ball game with Frank, for
worked at the factory: saw Jim Con- Saturday afternoon, and Frank called
ley on fourth floor Tuesda3\ Didn't it ort'; saw Frank, Sunday: seemed
see Frank talk to Jim. "I have never all right.
seen him talk to that nigger in my I.Straus swore he was at Frank's
life." Miss Dora said that Jim worried home, Saturday night, and while
her for money to buy newspapers, others played cards, Frank sat in the
and that she wouldn't believe him on hall, reading.
oath. P^very time he heard a newsboy Mrs. P^mil Selig testified that the
yell"Extra!" Jim would go to Miss contents of the Minola McKnight affi-

Dora and beg to see it, before she had davit were false.
finished with it. Montag, Treasurer of the fac-
Miss Julia Fuss, who also worked tory, to Frank's coming to
there, testified that Jim said, on Wed- his house, Sunday morning, after the
nesday, after the murder, that Frank crime looked all right witness went
: :

was asinnocent as the angels in to the factory that morning: sent for
heaven; she added that Jim "was Haas and Rosser, Monday: made no
never known to tell the truth." trade about fees. Don't know who is

She testified that Frank came up paying Frank's lawyers.

stairs where Conley was, that Tues- Many witnesses for the defense
day moiviing, but she did not see either confined themselves to the good
them in conversation. character of Frank, or to the bad
Annie Hixon, a lady of color, testi- character of Conley, and to contra-
fied that Frank called up the Ursen- dictory statements made by him; and
bach home, about half-past one, April not one of these witnesses swore to
26, and told them he would not be any fact of real importance.
able to keep his engagement to go to The defendant's lawyers carried the
the ball game. character business too far, by putting
Alonzo Mann, office boy at the fac- up Miss Irene Jackson, who, after
tory, swore he left at about 11:30 on saying that Frank's "character was
Saturday. Had never seen Frank very well," swore that he had a habit
have any women there. Had never of leering at the girls in their private
seen Dalton there. room, while they were partly un-
Mr. M. O. Xix identified the finan- dressed.
cial sheets as being in Frank's hand- jNIiss Bessie Fleming testified that

writing. Frank made out his financial sheets

Harry Gottheimer travels for the on Saturday mornings.
pencil factory. Saw Frank at Mon-
tag's that Saturday morning. Said Then came defendant's statement:
Frank invited him to call at the fac- covers forty-five pages of printed
tory that afternoon. matter, and less than five of these
Mrs. Rae Frank, mother of defen- touch the merits of the case.
dant, identified some writing, especi- He stated that after Hattie Hall
ally' a letter written by him to his left (12:02), Mary Phagan (he did

not know her name, he said) came peached, or cross examined^ by his
into his office, ten or fifteen minutes lawyers.
later,and that he did not know where By Ruth Robinson, Dewey He well,
she went after he gave her the pay and W. E. Turner (white), it was
envelope. proved that Frank not only Imew
He stated that Quinn came in, after- Mary Phagan, but talked to her by
wards, and that if he (Frank) left name, had his hand on her shoulder,
his office, after 12 o'clock, before he tried to push his attentions on her;
went upstairs at 12:45, he must have and that she was holding him off,
"unconsciously^" gone back to the repulsing his advances.
toilet George Eppes made affidavit that
(This toilet is back of the metal Mary told him, the Saturday morning
room, and he had to go to the metal he saw her last, alive, that Frank had
room, and, if he went to it, then^ he been trying to flirt with her.
had to go to the metal room where \

Mary Phagan's hair was, and over One the notes found near the
the very spot where her blood stained corpse read:
the floor !
"He said he would love me, laid
Almost the entire statement of the down play like night witch did it
defendant, as shown in the record, was but that long tall black negro did
taken up with a tedious and pro- boy hisself."
longed explanation of his manner of The other read:
doing his work at the factory. "Mam that negro fire down here did
One thing Frank did try to do this i went to make water and he
he attempted to explain why his wife push me down a hole a long tall
would not come to see him at the jail. negro black that had it wase long
He said he did not want her in that sleam tall negro i wright while play
crowd of reporters, detectives, and with me."
snap-shotters Note, that unnatural sexual inter-
(Three of Frank's male relatives course seems to be suggested; and
had virtually dragged her to the that Newt Lee is designated by occu-
police headquarters; but she would pation once, and by personal descrip-
go no further; and when she went tion, twice; and that the place of tlie
away, she stayed away three wee'ks. crime placed on the floor above
In the Atlanta papers, Eabbi Marx not in the basement itself.
explained this by saying, she was ex- Excepting a mass of immateriMl
pecting every day that Frank would evidence, as to how long cabbage lies
be released, although the fact was '
in the stomach undigested, and as to
universally known that he had been whether the girl's privates had been
bound OA'er for trial, and could not violated, the defendant had nothing
be bailed out. except what I have stated.
In rebuttal, the State proved that How could he have?
Frank's character for lasciviousness The case hinged on the few minutes
was bad. The witnesses who swore after Hattie Hall left at 12:02, and
it, were M^^rtie Cato, Maggie Griffin. before Mrs. White's return at 12:30;
Mrs. C. D. Donegan, Mrs. H. R. and the disappearance of Frank and
Johnson, Marie Karst, Nellie Pettis, his victim, during the time that Mon-
Mary Davis, Mrs. Mary E. Wallace, teen Stover waited for him in his
Estelle Winkle, and Carrie Smith. office, could never be explained.

These white ladies had worked for His conviction rested upon undeni-
Frank, and not one of them was im- able physical facts, and his own state-
ments, made hefore he learned how cabbage in the girl's stomach,' and the
Monteen could disprove them. blood on her person.
An incredible amount. of time was
The lawyers for the defense took devoted to this point and the law-

three and three only each of

lines, yers of Frank really appeared to at-
them leading into what the French tach tremendous importance to it.
call a cul de sac. we Americans call Doctor after doctor gave the most
it, a blind alley. learned and exhaustive dissertations
A number of following
witnesses, on the of cabbage: and
one of these paths that didn't go any- doctor after doctor uttered wisdom,
where, testified to a time or times on the possibility of ascertaining, from
when they had seen varnish and paint the examination of a woman's corpse,
spilled, or when they had seen some- whether she had suft'ered sexual vio-
body hurt at a machine, and bleeding lence before she died.
on the floor. None of these witnesses Can you not see at a ghmce how
made the slightest effort to explain futile all sort of tiling was?
away the spots of red, with white There was no dispute about the girPs
powder over them, which were not going into Frank's possession, soon
on the floor when it was swept Fri- after she ate her dinner; there was
day, but was seen there th-e first thing no dispute that somebody murdered
Monday morning. her, in Frank's own house, almost im-
Consequenth', this line of evidence mediately after she entered it and ;

stopped in a cul de sac. nobody was being prosecuted for any

Another lot of witnesses were put other crime than murder!
up, to prove that Frank had never Frank was not being tried for
been seen by them to have had a rape, nor sodomy, nor adultery. He
woman, or women, in the factory on was being tried for THE MURDER
Saturday afternoons. OF MARY PHAGAN, who was found
Even a layman will perceive, that dead, hij violence, IN HIS HOUSE,
no matter how strong this point was shortly following her coming into his
made, it did nothing more than con- possession.
tradict Conley, as to one detail of his He admitted the possession; fixed
testimony. The evidence of these the time by his own clock: and made
witnesses was consistent with the false statements as to his then where-
idea, that Frank was too sly in his abouts; consequently the scientific tes-
secret vices to be caught up with by timony concerning the contents of the
the ordinary employees of the place. girVs stomach, and the condition of
Jim was his confidential man, and her vagina, was almost ludicrously
Jim was just the sort of negro to unimportant.
keep the secret, and to care nothing That laborious path led nowhere,
about the sexual practices of his white for the simple reason that it threw no
boss. light on the question in the case that
So you see path of the
that this question being, "TFAo fastened the
defense also led to nothing: it did cruel cord around the child's neck,
not tend to clear up the mysterj' of and choked her to death f
Mary Phagan's death, in Frank's The astounding fact to be learned
house., shortly after she went into his from this official Brief of Evidence
possession. is, it fails to show that defendant'^s
The third line of the defense con- lawyers had any consistent theory
sisted of scientific testimony as to the as to who committed the crime. AND

WHERE. I never saw such an in- sciously"gone to the toilet. Very

stance of water-muddying, and beat- well; hutwhere did Mary go?
ing about the bush. At no pivotal Her hair, and her blood, and the
point (lid Frank's attorneys grapple only possible
explanation of the
with the facts. You search in vain to wounds the swollen eye in front, and
find how they expected to show the the scalp cut on the back of the head,
jury that Mary Phagan came out of ranging from down upward were
Frank's possession safely, after she all back there at the metal depart-
came in, next to Hattie Hall, and was ment, where the toilet was.
followed so closely by Monteen Stover. Infatuated young degenerate! To

The jury could see as you do that, escape Monteen's evidence, and to
had she gone on down stairs, as Frank explain his absence from his office, he
said she did, "at 12:05, or 12:10, or supposed himself to have gone, "un-
maybe 12:07," she would have met consciously," to the only place in his
Monteen; and that the negro, at the house where there were damning evi-
foot of the stairs, could not have done dences of the crime.
what icas done to her, without being Ask the finest criminal lawyer of
ta/icn in the act, hy the other white your acquaintance, if he ever knew of
girl. a great case of circumstantial evidence,
When Frank told the jury he must where the defendant was not con-
have been at the toilet during the victed hy something which HE
five minutes that Monteen waited, the or did. It happens so, almost invari-
jury must have felt the cold chills ably. Guilt cannot talk, or be mute;
run up their spines, for the jury knew move, or stand still, without revealing

that Mary had not "unconsciously" the difference between the slush and
gone to the toilet, at the same time the snow; the crystal fount, and the
Frank did! turbid stream. God so made the
What the doomed man, and his
world that truths p: lies never do.
bewildered lawyers failed to see was No innocent man ever pretended
this: not to know a murdered person with

whom he had been in daily contact,
It just as necessary for him to
WHERE MARY for a year; with whom he had
explain WAS, while
familiarly conversed, and upon whom
Monteen waited, as to explain HIS he had put his hands: and no guilty
man ever took hold of the upraised
fatal time.
arms of his victim, crossed them
Frank's repeated statements en-
decently over her bosom, and then
trapped him beyond escape. He said,
bore her away from the scene of the
again and again, that Mary came next
to Hattie Hall, and he did not mention
Monteenh coming at all. This proved
When the defendant made his ex-
to the jury that he did not know of
traordinary motion for a new trial
Monteen's coming. And he would (the Supreme Court having unani-
have known it, had he been in his
mously refused to grant a re-hearing
office, when he said he was. Now, on his regular motion for a new trial)
as he had (in ignorance of Monteen's
there was developed the most amaz-
visit) placed both Mary and himself
ing series of operations, conducted by
in his office
while Monteen waited the W. J. Burns Agency, and by C.
he had deliberately and repeatedly AV. Burke, private detective of Gov-
lied as to Mary's whereabouts, as well ernor Slaton's law-firm.
as his own. He might have "uncon- Practically all of the employees of

the pencil whose testimony

factory, trial . . . and see if they would not
had made out the were
State's case, change their evidence.
either threatened, or ottered money, "He told me that what I swore to
to change their evidence. did not bind me, because I was not
Much of this foul work was done in cross-examined, and said it was not
the private office of Governor Slaton. recorded.
His detective, l^nrke, using the assumed "I saw several of the girls, and they
name of Kelley, tampered with George told mo they would not change their
Eppes, and took him to Birmingham. evidence, because what they swore to
Albert McKnight was tempted with was true.
money, and with otters of employ- "Burke wanted me Monteento see
ment at high wages. Burns tried to Stover, and talk with and see if
get him to swear, that some injuries I couldn't get her to change her evi-
he had received in a railroad accident dence.
were caused by a beating given Albert "Ho wantea me to go down and
by the Atlanta detectives. livewith Monteen, and 'pick' her. My
The work-girls were oti'ered money mother refused to let me do it, aiid"
to make affidavits contradicting the Avould not let me work for Burke any
evidence given at the trial. more.
Carrie Smith was threatened by "/ met Burke., and talked with him,.
Burke with the exposure of alleged inTHE PRIVATE OFFICE OF
misconduct, if she did not come across, VOVERNOR JOHN M. SLATOX:'
and make the statement Burke de- Mrs. Cora Falta testified that she
sired. The girl, being innocent, defed had been working at the factory five-
Governor Slaton'' s detective! years.
Burns kept an Atlanta negro, Aaron "On Monday, April 26, 1913, we
Allen, several days in Chicago, talk- were all at work, and Magnolia Ken-
ing to him daily, and having Burns' nedy came running into the room, and'
underlings talk to him; and they were said: 'TFe have found some of Mary''s
assisted by Jacob Jacobs. They
hair on the lathe machine!'' We all'
wanted the negro to swear that Con- quit work, and went there and looked'
ley had confessed that he alone com- at it."
mitted the murder. One day, in Chi-
(Remember, that no one, at this
cago, Allen was ushered into a room
time, suspectedLeo Frank.)
of the Burns suite of offices; where
somehody had left on the table a R. L. Craven swore that he heard
J. N. Starnes urge Minola McKnight
large pile of money^ golci? silver, and
greenbacks. The negro was too wary to tellsomething favorable to Frank,.
to touch it.
ifshe could, because they would rather
Marie Karst testified that Burke learn something in his favor than
and Lemmie Quinn came out to her something against him; and, in the
home, and "Lemmie set up to drinks," presence of Minola's husband, and'
and Burke talked to her. Wanted her her lawyer, Starnes told the woman
to come to the office of Kosser, Bran-
not to swear to her statement unless-
don, Slaton & "I didn't go."
Phillips. it was true.

Then Burke met her on the street, This statement of Minola was in
and offered to employ her to work reference to Frank'^s heing di^nk dur-
for him. Gave her $2 a day for work- ing the night after the crime; his
ing in the afternoons. "Burke wanted wife sleeping on the rug on the floor;
me to go around and see the girls who and his calling for his pistol to kill
had sworn for the State in the Frank himself. After these exhortations, the-

woman swore to the statement, and Miss Nellie Pettis made affidavit
signed it. to the ell'orts of Frank's detectives,
Mrs. Carrie Smith swore that she and lawyers, to change her evidence;
was offered $20 to sign an affidavit but she reiterated with emphasis that
favorable to Frank. She had worked Frank had insulted her in his office,
three A^ears at the factory, and knew by making an indecent proposition
Frank's character was bad. The man, which she indignantly rejected fol^
Maddox, who wanted lier to change lowing which she left his office and
her evidence, was in Governor Slaton's employment.
private office, in the Grant building, Mrs. Mamie Edmunds (formerly
when she went there to see Marie Kitchens) swore that when Frank,
Karst. without knocking, would open the
Mrs. ]\Iaggie Nash (formerly Grif- door of the ladies' private dressing
fin) swore to the efforts of Burns to room, and see girls in there partly
(jet he)' to change her evidence as to dressed, she thought it would have
Frank^s had character, and Frank'' been as little as he could have done to
going into the private room, on the say, "Excuse me, ladies," and go
fourth floor, with a forelady. She away. But instead of doing so, "he
told Burns he might try one hundred would stand m
the door, and laughed
years to change her evidence, but she or grinned. I don't know when a
would never do it, because it was the Jew is laughing, or when he is grin-
truth. ning; but he stood there, and made
Ruth Robinson swore that she had no ert'ort to move."
known Mary Phagan as a little girl, "Miss Jackson exclaimed, 'We are
in Cobb County; and that she had dressing, blame it!' and then he shut
seen Frank at Mary''s 7nachine, several the door and disappeared."
times a day, talking to her, and call- C. W. Burke tried to persuade wit-
ing her ''''Mary,'''' when it was not ness that 1^'rank's conduct was all
necessary from any business reason. right, and urged her to sign a paper
"Mary had worked there a good, long to that effect.
time, and understood her business." "I took Burke's word for what tlie
"Sometimes Frank would remain at papers contained. I did not tell
Mary's machine fifteen or twenty min- Burke anything different from what 1
utes. I never saw him show that have sworn before."
much attention to the work of the C. B. Dalton swore that Burke
other girls on thatfloor. I have seen offered him $100 to sign a paper, "to
Frank, in showing Mary about her be used before the Pardon Board, to
work, take hold of her hands, and keep Frank from hanging." He said
hold them. Frank's visits to Mary, he went to Dublin, Ga., to do some
and talks with her, and assistance work for a bank, and two Jews came
given her, hecame more and more fre- to h'lm and offered him $400 to leave
quent. the State. They came to him several
"The very last day I worked there, times, and renewed the offer, stating
T saw Frank talking to Mary. / that they meant to get Frank a new
heard him call her 'Mary.'' tried.
"The said Leo Frank undertook to "I have, on several visits to Frank's
give me seven dollars, when he knew ( seen
ffice. girls there. Have seen him
I was not entitled to the money, and play with them, hug them, kiss them,
he endeavored to have an assignation iind pinch them. I saw him, on sev-
with me, some time the next week. eral occasions, take a girl and go back
This occurred in his office." of the room where the dressing room
is. On one occasion, Frank had six office of Leo Frank on one occasion,
bottles of and I caried three
beer, when the said Frank made an indecent
more to his ofiice. Frank told Dalton proposal to me. My experience as a
he needn't rent a room; to take Daisy trained nurse enahled me to fully un-
Hopkins to the basement, where there derstand and know what Frank in-
was a cot. ''I used this cot with tended.
Daisy Hopkins half a dozen times." He said, 'You know, / am not like
Helen Ferguson swore that Jimmie other people.'' and. drawing his chair
Wren, who worked for C. W. Burke, closer up to me, says, 'I don't think
offered her $100, if she would leave j^ouunderstand me,' and put his hands
Atlayita. Frank was going to get a on me: and I resisted, and got up and
new trial, and her hoard and all ex- opened the door," etc.
penses would be paid while she was Frank's detectives endeavored to
out of the State. She said that Wrenn secure from this witness a statement
made violent love to her, and tried to that would negative her former evi-
persuade her to marry him! He took dence; but, as in every other instance,
her up to the Grant building, and in- they fell short of success.
troduced her to his "father."
Two white men (iraham and Til-
"Jimmie made love to me, and said
lander made affidavit that they went
he wanted to marry me, hut wanted to the pencil factory, Saturday. April
me to sign an affidavit first.'''' 26th, between 11 and 12 o'clock; and
They were worlring on the girl to that they saw a negro seated near the
get her to repudiate her statement, foot of the stairs. Being unacquainted
that Frank had refused to give her with the interior of the building, each
Mary's pay envelope. of these men asked the negro where
It was this refusal, on Friday eve- the office was located, and he directed
ning, to give Helen the $1.20 due to them to it. If the negro was drunk,
Mary, that compelled the girl to go these men didn't notice it.

to Frank herself for it, next day. Hattie Waites made an affi-
Burns, Burke, and Wrenn were davit to the fact that, on Saturday
working desperately, us'ing John M. morning. April 26th. between 10 and
Slaton/s private office, to get out of 11 o'clock, she saw a white man and
their way the evidence which tended a negro talking together on the street,
to show that Frank deliberately laid near Montag's place of business. She
a trap for Mary Phagan. afterwards recognized Frank as the
It was not until several weeks after white man, and Conley as the negro.
Jimmy Wrenn introduced Helen Fer-
guson to his "father," in Governor The most abominable a'ttempt to
Slaton''s private office., that she dis- manufacture evidence was made while
covered that Jimmy^s father'''' was Conley was in jail, awaiting trial. A
the unscrupulous scoundrel, C. W.

white convict, George Wrenn who

Burke, who was worlring for the firm had stolen $30,000 worth of diamonds,
of Rosser, Brandon, Slaton & Phil- but who was
nevertheless a "trusty"
lips, and trying, in the interest of this in the
prison was the instrument
law-firm, to criminally defeat Law used by the Frank detectives.
and Justice. He. in turn, employed a negro
Miss Nellie Wood gave testimony woman, Annie Maud Carter, a notori-
which corroborated Conley in a most ously low character. Wrenn coached
remarkable manner. She said: this black strumpet, and put her into
"I told the Solicitor before he put Conley 's cell, to entice him into com-
me on the stand, that I was in the mitting the unnatural act with her.

They wanted to show that it was Roan ! Forged letters of a couple of

Conley who was the sodomist. negroes
"Mr. Gillem (a prison oificial) told The Avhole case of the defense
me he would give me $2.00 if I would reeked with fraud, bribery, perjury,
go in there and see Jim Conley. and forgery.
George Wrenn wrote a letter, and Never in the world was there a
gave it to me, and he said, 'Yon give more infamous episode than which
it to Jim Conley, and tell him it just followed the organization of the
came in through the mail.' Haas Finance Committee, after the
"Gillem said to me, that Conley legitimate litigation in this case had
was a (a most nasty term for ended.
sodomite) and said, *I just want to Having lost at every point in the
see if he will fool with you with his legal contest, the Haas Finance Com-
(the rest is too obscene to print). I mittee was appointed for no other
have asked Conley, and he said he purpose than to defeat Law and Jus-
would never do a thing like that; said tice, hy unparalleled and illegitimate

he had never done except in means.

the natural way. It is almost miraculous that the in-
"The first Sunday in December, a domitable Solicitor, Hugh Dorsey,

Jew came up Mr. Pappenheim was _
was able to defeat the Haas Commit-
there, too"
and the woman went on tee, defeat the detectives of Governor
to tell how the Jew told her she could Slaton's firm, and defeat the criminals
make a pot of money, and get rich of the Burns "Detective" Agency
quick, if she would put something in villainous gang whose work consists of
Jim Conley's victuals just such attempts to bribe witnesses,
The Jew said to the negress as was seen in their manipulations of
"I want you to take this little vial, the Frank case.
and put a drop in his food, and give With the following, clipped from
it to him." current news reports in Atlanta, I
When the negress recoiled from the close the review of the corrupt prac-
Jew's offer, he said to her, "You're a tices used in the extraordinary mo-

d d fool," and walked off. tion for new trial:
"I don't Ivnow his name, but he
comes up here" (where Frank and Atlanta, Ga., Jan. 28.
The Rev. C. B.
Ragsdale, formerly pastor of a local
Conley were imprisoned) '"''with the
church, today testified he was paid $200
Klein hoys. He has black hair, and for signing a false affidavit in connection
his hair stands up, and his hat is with the Leo M. Frank case. Mr. Ragsdale
pulled to one side." was the first witness in the trial of Dan S.
Lehon, soutiiern manager of the William
The detectives not only tried to get
J. Burns National Detective Agency; Ar-
the Carter woman to inveigle Conley thur Thurman, a lawyer, and C. C. Ted-
into the unnatural vice of which der, a former policeman, who are charged
Frank was accused, but endeavored to with subordination of perjury. It is

get up a marriage between the two alleged they procured false affidavits from
Ragsdale and R. L. Barber shortly after
Conley and the woman both swore
Frank's extraordinary motion for a new
that their letters had been changed, trial was filed.
and that the unprintable filth put in the affidavits Ragsdale and Barber
them, had been forged. declared they overhard James Cor ley, a
negro, tell another negro that he had
Forged time-slips against Newt Lee
killed a girl in the factory where Mary
Forged bloody shirt against Lee Phagan was murdered.
Forged affidavits against the girls The former pastor still was on the wit-
Forced letter of the dead Judge ness stand when court adjourned for the
day. He testified to alleged meetings with from the evidence by twelve jurors,
the defendants when he said the affidavit unless we are clear that the view of the
was discussed, describing the signing of facts taken by the jury is wrong. It is
the document in the office of Luther Z. our duty to affirm, if the trial was fair
Rosser, who was one of Frank's principal and without legal error, and the verdict
counsel, and told of the alleged payment was not u^ainst the weight of evidence.
of the money later. He added that the We are to see to it that the trial was
night he received the money "a man rode fair and that there was suA'icieut evi-
up to my house on a motorcycle and told dence witli recofoiized rules of law to
my sons to tell their father not to say any- support the verdict. This done, the re-
thing to anybody unless it was a Burns .si>on.sibility for the result rests with the
man." jurors.

By skin of his teeth, Lehon

escaped conviction, because the State
Tiiat is good law good wherever
the system of jury-trial prevails.
was not able to trace the payment of Our Supreme Court reviewed the
the $200 cUreethj to him, beyond a evidence in the Frank case, and found
reasonable doubt. At least, that is it "sufficient to support the verdict."
the most charitable view to take of (See page 284, 141 Georgia Reports.)
the verdict. Some man, or men, on The Court held unanimously that
the panel may have suspected that the the new^ evidence, pretended to have
$200 fell out of the moon, and just been discovered after the verdict had
accidentally dropped into Ragsdale's been affirmed, was not of such a char-
pocket. acter as to warrant another trial.
But you Avill have no doubts as to
The United States Supreme Court
who and paid, Ragsdale to
hired, decided that Frank's lawyers had not
swear that he had overheard Conley been able to show that he had been
confess, because you have already seen denied a fair trial, or deprived of any
how Burns had vainly tried to bribe legal right.
Aaron Allen, in Chicago; and how
Surely, a case should come to an
they had tried to bribe the white girls,
end, some time. Surely, Frank's case
and how they tried to bribe R. P.
ought to have ended when the highest
Barrett, and Albert McKnight: and
court on earth said the verdict must
how they tried to use Annie Maud
stand. Surely, his own lawyer, Gov-
ernor John M. Slaton, had no legal
Decidedly, it is the blackest record
right to annul the solemn adjudica-
of systematic effort to save the guilty,
tions of the supreme heads of our
destroy the innocent, debauch wit- Law
judicial system. Surely, the
nesses, manufacture evidence, and
never meant that a defendant'' s own
create a public sentiment in favor of '

attorney should become his jury, his

a fictitious case, AGAINST THE trial judge, and his reviewing court.
REAL ONE, that ever has been
When Slaton comnnited the sen-
known in the New World.
tence of his client, his act was null
New York and void. Time could not validate it.
The Appellate Court of
the highest tribunal in that State Frank was legally under sentence
said, in the Becker case of death when the Vigilance Commit-
tee took him out, and hanged him by
Extensive as is the power of review the neck until he was dead.
vested in this court on a judgment ot All power is in the people. Courts,
death, the law does not intend to substi- juries, sherili's, governors draw their
tute the cncUisions of fact, wliich mny
authority from this original source:
be fliawn by seven jud'-es. frr the conclu-
sions of the fact wliich have been drawn when the constituted authorities are

unable, or unwilling to protect life, States the eloquence of Patrick

liberty, and property, the People Henry, and of James Otis, rather
must assert their inherent right to than the musket in the Ohio wilder-
do so. ness, being the shot that was heard
Womanhood must not be left at the around the world.
mercy of the libertine: the Rich must A law-case in England, rocked the
not trample upon the children of the throne, and tested, with a supreme
Poor: the Jew must learn to distin- severity, the strength of England's
guish between the Midianite and the judicial fabric.
American. The fabric stood the test: and the
Prison Commissions and Governors vindicated system, which would not
must learn that it is dangerous to bend, even though the king sought to
usurp power, and to undo the official hend it., filled Englishmen with honest
work, done legally by the Judicial pride.
Department. Itwas the great case where George
In Frank's case, all legal tribunals IV. brought to bear all the powers of
were appealed to, by the best of law- a monarch and a bad mad, to crush
yers; and every decision was against one friendless woman AND
him. They had to be: there was no FAILED!
escape from it. Not all the patronage of the crown,
His own lawj'er then commuted his not all the money of the Secret Ser-
sentence, and fled the State. vice, not all the clamor of place-
The Vigilance Committee took the holders, place-seekers, time-servers,
condemned man out of the State court sycophants, and unscrupulous
Farm, carried him almost to the grav ,
politicians, could hend the Law of
of his little victim, and hanged him, Great Britain.
in accordance with the sentence which Personally weak and without
had three times been pronounced from friends, the foreign princess who had
the bench. married the king, saw a host of de-
It was a long, hard fight, and the termined supporters come to her re-
Law won, over Big Money. lief, when English ministers sought
to use the LaAV, as the instrument of
There are some legal trials that are a had man.
more than mere hiAV cases. When the long legal combat drew
There are some that involve a toward its close, and Lord Brougham
dynasty, test a system, and throw had brought to shame and defeat the
light upon national conditions. crowned libertine, we are told that a
There are some that change the scene of indescribable excitement took
course of events, and leave their effect, place in the House of Lords the high
for weal or woe, upon the era in court which had tried the case.
which they are tried. The Prime Minister rose to "with-
court-house case, in France, drag- draw the bill," equivalent to quashing
ging into it a king's wife, a pope's the indictment against the persecuted
cardinal, and a corrupt judicial sys- woman.
tem, led the way to the overthrow of "Cheers loud and long rose from
an ancient monarchy. the opposiiton benches" where sat
A court-house case, in Virginia, fol- the champions of the Law.
lowed by another, in Massachusetts, "But the House hushed to silence,
set in motion the ball which never when the venerable Erskme arose,
ceased to roll until Thirteen Colonies with eyes aflame" Erskine. the in-
had become Thirteen Independent domitable lawyer who had fought so
hard, so long, and so triumphantly, had won ! and all men in England,
to vindicate the jury system, all women inEngland, all children in
"My lords," he said, and his voice England, ^VP:RE SAFER FROM
rang out with the clear tone that had THAT HOUR, when the grand old
entranced the tribunals of thirty years lawyer rose, with full heart and
before flashing eyes, to quote the words of
"My lords, I am an old man, and the grand old preacher, whose tribute
my life, for good has been
or evil, to Law, is a tribute to the God that
passed under the sacred rule of the inspired the Law.
"In this moment, I feel my strength Have the children of Moses the
renovated and repaired by that rule right to break the Sinai tables?

being restored the accursed change Do they deserve death when they
wherewithal we have been menaced, slay Hebrews, only?
has passed over our heads there is Is there some unwritten law, which
an end of that horrid and portentious absolves them, when their victim is a
excressence of a new law, retrosf-ec- Gentile?
tive, and iniquitous a)id the consti- They are taught in their Talmud
tution and scheme of our polity is that, "As man is superior to other
once more safe. animals, so are the Jews superior to
"My heart is too full of the escape all other men."
we have just had, to let me do more Do the Hebrews of today hold to
than praise the blessings of the sys- that, in their heart of hearts?
tem we have regained," a system of They are taught by their great
which Hooker, in his great work on teacher, Rabbana Ashi, that "Those
Ecclesiastical Polity, said who are not Jews, are dogs and
"Of Law there can be no less asses."
acknowledged than that her seat is Are the Hebrews true to Talmud,
the bosom of God: her voice is the and to their learned Rabbana?
harmony of the world; all things in Was Mary Phagan the Irish girl
heaven and on earth do her homage. legitimate spoil for the descendant
the very least as feeling her care, of those who divided among them-
and the greatest as not exempt from selves the daughters of the Midian-
her power. ite?
"Both angels and men, and crea- Is there a secret tenet of tlieir re-
tures of what condition soever . . . ligion,which compels the entire race
admiring her as the mother of their to combine to save the neck of sucli n
peace and joy.' loathsome degenerate as Leo Frank?
"There was silence as the silvery They did not waste a dollar, nor a
voice ceased. It was as if men wished day, on the Jews who were electro-
to hear the last echo of those won- cuted for shooting Rosenthal: was it
drous accents. Then broke out a cheer, because Rosenthal was a Jew?
such as was never before heard in If the victim in that case had been
that august assembly." an Irishman, would there have been a
The Law had won! against the Haas Finance Committee? a nation-
licentious king; against the truckling wide distribution of lying circulars?
ministers; against the servile aristo- a flying column of mendacious detec-
crats; against the detectives of the tives? a constantly increasing supply
secret service, and the hirelings of the of political lawyers? the muzzling of
reptile press: daily papers? an attempt to enlist the
Yea, by the living God! the Law jSTorthern school-children. Peace So-

cieties, and Anti -Capital-Punishment In the whole scope of American

leagues? history, no such campaign of abuse,
Money talks; and m this Frank- of misrepresentation, of deliberate
case,money talked as loudly, and as fabrications, and systematic elforts to
resourcefully, as though Baron humbug outsiders, to close the mouths
Hirsch's $45,000,000 Hebrew Fund of editors, to corrupt or intimidate
had been copiously poured into the officials; and to ^''get axoay with it,^''

campaign. in defiance of the record, the verdict,

and the decisions of the courts.
Like Thomas Erskine, I am noth- They have never darned TO PUB-
ing but an old lawyer, no longer in- LISH THE EVIDENCE!
clined to the hot combat of the arena
where I once loved to light; but I'm It is a peculiar and portentious
not too old to make a stand for the thing, that one race of men and one,
Law for the integi'it}^ of the system
only should be able to convulse the
which our fathers handed down to world, by a system of newspaper agi-
us; and for the inflexible Justice, in tation and suppression, when a mem-
whose scales the murder of one little ber of that race is convicted of a tap-
factory girl weighs as heavily, as ital crime against another race.
though she had been the daughter of Does anybody in this country know
Rothschild. what was the truth about Dreyfus,
Let the Jews of Georgia, and else- the French officer who was convicted
where, look to it. of treason, and, at first, sentenced to
They are putting themselves on death ?
trial; and, if they continue the malig- Nobody does. All we know is, what
nant crusade which they have been the newspapers told us; and it leaked
waging, by libels and cartoons, out, long afterwards, that the wife
against a State which has never done of Dreyfus abandoned him, as soon as
injustice to a single Jew, they will he was turned loose.
reap the whirlwind. Presumably, she was a Jewess; but,
// Mary Phagan had heen a rich like the other Hebrew champions of
man'^s daughter, and Frank, a poor Dreyfus, she dropped him, as soon as
man's son, his neck would have she had accomplished her purpose.
cracked, a year ago! One of the Eothschild banking
This case is more than a law case. houses exerts a powerful influence
This case involves the honor of a over French finances; another in
State! This case drags the judicial Frankfort, another in Vienna, and
ermine into the ditch. This case is another in London, have often stood
an indictment against jury trial. This together to control the policies of
case is an attack upon the fortress European governments: if they in-
of the Law. This case pollutes the sisted upon the liberation of Dreyfus,
holy temple of Justice.
the French Republic beset by royal-
There never were such foul meth- ists, socialists, and clericals was in
ods used to besmirch honest men, no condition to resist the demand.
mock the truthful evidence, gull a The peculiar thing, and the sinister
generous public, and defeat the very thing, is, that some secret organiza-
purposes of the criminal code. tion existed which could permeate the
There never were such prodigious whole European world, and the
energies put forth to conceal the United States, also, with the litera-
Truth, and to put Falsehood in its ture which clamored for Dreyfus.
place. The father of Dreyfus was an
Alsatian banker a Jew, of course of the Gentile boy, whose veins pre-
and a sijl)ject of the Kaiser. He was sented the pale lips of forty- five cuts,
a cog in the wheel of the German spy- made hy a sharp instrument.
system; and he used his son, the Somebody had killed the lad most
French officer, to secure for the Ber- deliberately, most cruelly and the
lin Government, the military secrets Russian courts, in full possession of
of the French War Office. the facts, declared that Beiliss had
France had not then formed her done it.

defensive alliance with Great Britain, But the American people not know-
and was not strong enough to fully ing the facts, and totally in the dark
expose Dreyfus, and the Kaiser thus as to who did get the blood out of the
precipitating a war. The French boy's veins were excitedly certain
officer, Ricard, who was the stanch that Beiliss didn't.
champion of Dreyfus in every one of Consequently, a pressure of the
the investigations, turned against the same peculiar and irresistible sort that
Jew, after he himself was given a had saved Dreyfus, caused Russia to
position in the War Office and learned stay her uplifted hand, and spare
the* truth, from indubitable docu- Beiliss.
mentary evidence. To this day, the Americans who
blindly, hysterically helped to put thq
The Beiliss case, in Russia, was pressure on the Czar's Government,
equally remarkable, in its progress have no idea who made the forty-five
and end.
its slits in the blood-vessels of the little
Gentile boy was found dead, with boy; and, what's more, they don't
more than forty small incisions in his care.
veins and arteries, from which prac- They accomplished their emotional
ticallyevery drop of his blood hnf^ purpose, blew off their psychological
been drawn and the hlood had left steam, and then forgot all about
no marks, any ic here. Beiliss, and the boy.
That much triclded through the Is there such a thing as "blood sac-
newspapers to the American people, rifice" in Russia? We don't know.
and they realized, of course, that here Nobody can dogmatize on such a sub-
was a novelty in deliberate and atroci- ject.
ous crime. Even in our own country, there is a
Beiliss, a Russian Jew, was accused blood sacrifice, practised in the re-
of kidnapping the little boy, and moter wilds of Arizona. The Indians
emptying his blood-vessels of their who practised it, welded Christianity
contents, in order that it might be to some ancient tribal rite, and
used in "a religious sacrifice." adopted the custom of crucifying an
The Russian court found Beiliss Indian, as Christ was crucified.
guilty; but, apparently, the same When I see Abraham with his
mighty engine of agitation, and sup- knife uplifted over the breast of his
pression, that had worked for Drey- boy; and when I see Agamemnon
fus, was put in motion for Beiliss. covering his face to shut out the sight
Mankind was told, that there was of the priest and his knife about to
no such thing as "blood sacrifice'" slay the Greek king's daughter; and
among Russian Jews; and that Beiliss when I see the sacrifice of the idolized
was the victim of jungle fury, race girl who ran
out, radiant with joy, to
hatred, lynch law, &c., &c. greet Jeptha on his return from bat-
In the meanwhile, the hysterical tle I feel myself lost in doubt as
public lost sight of the pallid corpse to ichat a Russian fanatic might do.
Hidden Factors of Service

Records kept like^ this are practically Records, statistics and accounts kept
useless for the itianagement of a busi- like this are available for a complete
ness. Efficiency is impossible and funds knowledge of the cost and efficiency of
for improvement cannot be obtained. each department of the business.

y^- J

Such methods result in a telephone line The result of such records is a telephone
which can give only poor service. 'line like this, which gives good service.

The subscriber knows the difference! He demands

a well-informed, intelligent business management.

^%, American Telephone and Telegraph Company

And Associated Companies
One Policy One System Universal Service
Let all this may, the other
be as it Union will soon "submit a proposition
races of men must up and take
"sit to theUnited States Government."
notice," if the repeated campaigns of AVhat? The subject treat with the
this Invisible Power seem to mean, Sovereign ?
that Jews are to be exempt from pun- This is what comes of unrestricted
ishment for capital crimes, when the Immigration, just as 90 per cent of
victim is a Gentile. our crimes come from it.
If the work of this Invisible Power What a fine illustration of Jewish
has been substantially the same in a arrogance it will be, if such Amer-
third case, as in the other two; and ican citizens as Rabbi Wise, Nathan
this third case is that of Leo Frank, Straus, Adolph Ochs, Joseph Pulitzer,
then the Frank case assumes a nev et al., make a proposition to our Gov-
aspect, of new importance, and of ernment, for an American Zion, the
formidable portent. Jew millionaires negotiating with the
America is big enough to be "the Government as its equals
melting pot" of the Old World, pro- In 1813, the rich Jews compelled

vided the metals melt otherwise, it Congress to abrogate the Russian
isn't. treaty, as a rebuke to Russia, for her
If the Jew is not to amalgamate treatment of her own subjects.
and be assimilated; if all the very They naturalized a German Jew,
numerous foreign nationalities that Paul Warburg, and placed him at
are being moved over into this coun- the head of our new Jew-made finan-
try are to retain their several lan- cial system.
guages, customs, flags, holidays, ideas Meditate upon these points:
of law, education, government, etc., (1.) Never before was a Jewish
then the melting pot will fail to fuse or Gentile Finance Committee organ-
into ore another, these conflicting ele- ized, and funds raised, to fight a case
ments. which had already been thrice ad-
In such a case, the melting pot be- judged by a State Supreme Court
comes a huge bomb, loaded witli (2.) Never before, was unlimited
deadly explosives. money spent in publishing lies about
Has the menace of secret organiza- an record which was accessible
tion, of an Invisible Power, and of to everybody, and which itself could
cynical defiance of law, revealed itself, have been laid before the public for
in the Frank case? less money than the lies cost:
Reflect upon it! (3.) Never before, did a murder
Reflect upon it, Avith especial refer- case, tried in Georgia, secure an ap-
ence to recent announcements, in peal to the Supreme Court of the
metropolitan dailies, that the Jews United States:
mean to use the Baron Hirsch (4.) Never before, did any defen-
Fund of $45,000,000 to carve out a dant employ so many lawyers, in so
new Zion in this country. From all many different cities, as were em-
over the world, the Children of Israel ployed for this degenerate Jew:
are flocking to this country, and plans (5.) Never before, were the At-
are on foot to move them from Europe lanta papers, the Hearst papers, and
en masse. Poland, Hungary, Kussia. the Jew papers so doggedly deter-
and Germany are to empty upon our mined that the public should not have
shores the very scum and dregs of the a chance to learn what was the evi-
Parasite Race. dence, upon which the Jew had been
The papers state that the- heads of legally convicted.
the vast Hebrew societies of this (6.) Never before did a criminal's

own liiwver, holding tlie office of Gov- Supreme Court of the Union said
ernor, defy and reverse all the courts, must die, ana
Superior Court whom
and virtually pardon his own client. judges had, three times, sentenced to
(7.) Never before did the Jew bo hanged,
papers, and the Hearst papers, so When the Jews, and the Hearst
provoke a State, as to insolently de- papers, are especially and peculiarly
raand, from day to day, that the legal Avrought up over this land of a "lynch-
sentence on Frank be annulled, and ing,' you may feel quite sure that
that he he set at liberty. their unwritten law exempts a Jew,
(8.) Never before did a Vigilance when his victim is a Gentile.
Committee execute a criminal whom r:r:rrrrrr=:^^r=^^rr=rrrr=:=^
a iury had convicted, whom the Su- i--
%^ - j^ ^i
^ for the prospector.
J-/VCry llllll^ Ku
J .^-^m.^
Everything v-^"' cholce of
'I -mj^
> :. 4 locatinff
preme Court of Georgia had declared instrumentaj^frecK^ si^-

was properly found guilty, whom the novelty co., Dept. e."
gj'g^lfo" ut c^t^^i^fm^^'^^



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