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Crane Supporting structure Design

1. Geometric Properties
Span of the crane Bridge = 24 m
Wheel Spacing ,a = 2 m
Min. Spacing between crab and supports ,e min = 0 m

2. Mechanical properties
Self Weight of crane, Qc1 = 175 kN
Self weight of crab, Qc2 = 20 kN
Hoist load, Qh = 100 kN

3. Dynamic magnification Factors ( EN 1991, Part 3)

Steady Hoisting speed in m/s,Vh = 0.1 m/s


Hoisting class of appliance = HC1 q T.B.1,EC-1,P3
Released or dropped part of hoisting mass, m = 0 kN
Magnitude of vibrational Pulses = High q
Total Hoisting masss = 25 kN
Type of grab = Slow Grab q
Specific use of crane For systems where forces change smoothly q
Dynamic Magnification factor, 1 = 1.1 T24, EC-1,P3
Dynamic Magnification factor, 2 = 1.067 T24, EC-1,P3
Dynamic Magnification factor, 3 = 1 T24, EC-1,P3
Dynamic Magnification factor, 4 = 1 T24, EC-1,P3
Dynamic Magnification factor, 5 = 1.5 T26, EC-1,P3

4. Determination of Vertical wheel Loads


Refer table 2.2, EN 1991, Pt 3: Group Loads and Dynamic factors to be considered
as one characteristic crane action
4.1 Unloaded Crane
Load arrangement of the unloaded crane to obtain minimum loading on the runway beam

Load Group 1,2 1 = 1.1


QC1,k = 192.5 kN
QC2,k = 22 kN
Q,r,(min) = 118.25 kN
Q,r,min = 96.25 kN
Load Group 3,4,5,6 4 = 1
QC1,k = 175 kN
QC2,k = 20 kN
Q,r,(min) = 107.5 kN
Q,r,min = 87.5 kN

4.2 Loaded crane


Load arrangement of the unloaded crane to obtain maximum loading on the runway beam

Load Group 1 1 = 1.1


QC1,k = 192.5 kN
QC2,k = 22 kN
2 = 1.067
Qh,k = 106.7 kN
Q,r,(max) = 96.25
Q,r,max 224.95 kN
Load Group 2 1 = 1.1
QC1,k = 192.5 kN
QC2,k = 22 kN
3 = 1
Qh,k = 100 kN
Q,r,(max) = 96.25 kN
Q,r,max = 218.25 kN
Load Group 4,5,6 4 = 1
QC1,k = 175 kN
QC2,k = 20 kN
Qh,k = 100 kN
Q,r,(max) = 87.5 kN
Q,r,max = 207.5 kN

5. Determination of Horizontal Loads


5.1 Caused by acceleration and deceleration of the crane

5.1.1 Drive Force K


Wheel Type = Steel q
Friction Factor = 0.2 EC-1,2.7.3(4)
Wheel Drive Type Central q
Number of single wheel drivers,mw = 2
Q*r,min = 97.5 kN EC-1,2.7.3(3)
K=m.Q*r,min = 19.5 kN EC-1,2.7.3(3)
5.1.2 Longitudinal Loads

Number of runway beams,nr = 2 Nos


Horizontal Loads, HL1=HL2= 5*K/nr = 14.625 kN EC-1,2.7.2(2)
5.1.3 Transverse Loads

The moment, M resulting from the drive force whch should be applied at the centre of mass is
equilibrated by transverse horizontal forces H T,1 and HT,2.
Qr=Qr,max+Qr(max) = 295 kN EC-1,2.7.2(3)
1 =Qr,max/Qr = 0.70 EC-1,2.7.2(3)
2=1-1 = 0.30 EC-1,2.7.2(3)
ls=(1-0.5).l = 4.88 m EC-1,2.7.2(3)
M=K.ls = 95.19 kNm EC-1,2.7.2(3)
HT,1=5.2.M/a = 21.17 kN EC-1,2.7.2(3)
HT,2 =5.1.M/a = 50.21 kN EC-1,2.7.2(3)

5.2 Caused by Skewing of crane


5.2.1 Skewing angle
Wheel guide type = Wheel Flange q T2.7,EC-1
Width of rail head,br = 50 mm
F = 0.75*x/a = 0.005 rad T2.7,EC-1
v=y/a = 0.0025 rad T2.7,EC-1
0 = 0.001 rad T2.7,EC-1
= 0.0085 rad
5.2.2 Non-Positive Factor
f=0.3*(1-exp(-250) = 0.264 EC-1,2.7.4(2)
5.2.3 Force factors
e1 = 0 m
e2 = 2 m
Number of pairs of coupled wheels, m = 0
Number of wheel pairs,n = 2
Combination of wheel pairs = IFF q
e2 = 4
e = 2 m
h = 2 m
s = 0.5 T2.9,EC-1
s,1,L and s,2,L = 0 T2.9,EC-1
For wheel pair 1
s,1,1,T = 0.148 T2.9,EC-1
s,2,1,T = 0.352 T2.9,EC-1
For wheel pair 2
s,1,2,T = 0 T2.9,EC-1
s,2,2,T 0 T2.9,EC-1
5.2.4 Longitudinal Forces
Hs,1,L = 0 kN EC-1,2.7.4(1)
Hs,2,L = 0 kN EC-1,2.7.4(1)
5.2.5 Transverse force
S=f*s.Qr = 38.965 kN EC-1,2.7.4(1)
For wheel pair 1
Hs,1,1,T = 11.557 kN EC-1,2.7.4(1)
Hs,2,1,T = 27.408 kN EC-1,2.7.4(1)
Hs,1,T = 27.408 kN
Hs,2,T = 27.408 kN
For wheel pair 1
Hs,1,2,T = 0 kN
Hs,2,2,T = 0 kN

5.3 Caused by accelerartion or braking of crab


Assuming that the payload is free to swing, EC-1,2.11.2

HT,3 = 0.1*(Qc2+Qh) = 12 kN EC-1,2.7.5

6. Fatigue Loads
Class of crane = s6 q
fat,1 =(1+1)/2 = 1.05 EC-1,2.12.1(7)
fat,2 =(1+2)/2 = 1.034 EC-1,2.12.1(7)
i for normal stress = 0.794 T2.12,EC-1
i for shear stress = 0.871 T2.12,EC-1
For Normal Stress, Qc,i = fat.i.Qmax,i = 86.496 kN EC-1,2.12.1(4)
For Shear Stress, Qc,i = fat.i.Qmax,i = 94.885 kN EC-1,2.12.1(4)
Summary of Crane Reactions(kN)
Group Of Loads 1 2 3 4 5 6
1= 1.1 1= 1.1 1= 1.1 4= 1 4= 1 4= 1
Magnification factor which are considered for =
the group of loads 2 1.07 3= 1 5= 1.5 5= 1.5
5= 1.5 5 = 1.5
Qr,(min) 59.125 59.125 53.75 53.75 53.75 53.75
Self Weight of the
Vertical Crane Qr,min 48.125 96.25 43.75 43.75 43.75 43.75
Loads Qr,(max) 48.125 48.125 - 43.75 43.75 43.75
Self Weight of the
Crane and Hoist Load Qr,max 112.475 109.125 - 103.75 103.75 103.75
HL,1 14.625 14.625 14.625 14.625 - -
Acceleration of the HL,2 14.625 14.625 14.625 14.625 - -
crane HT,1 21.17 21.17 21.17 21.17 - -
Horizontal HT,2 50.21 50.21 50.21 50.21 - -
Loads HS1,L - - - - 0 -
HS2,L - - - - 0 -
Skewing of the crane
HS1,T - - - - 27.4076 -
HS2,T - - - - 27.4076 -

- - - -
Acceleration of the crab HT,3 - 12