Anda di halaman 1dari 6

# Client Location

Project Date
Crane Supporting structure Design

1. Geometric Properties
Span of the crane Bridge = 24 m
Wheel Spacing ,a = 2 m
Min. Spacing between crab and supports ,e min = 0 m

2. Mechanical properties
Self Weight of crane, Qc1 = 175 kN
Self weight of crab, Qc2 = 20 kN
Hoist load, Qh = 100 kN

## Steady Hoisting speed in m/s,Vh = 0.1 m/s

Hoisting class of appliance = HC1 q T.B.1,EC-1,P3
Released or dropped part of hoisting mass, m = 0 kN
Magnitude of vibrational Pulses = High q
Total Hoisting masss = 25 kN
Type of grab = Slow Grab q
Specific use of crane For systems where forces change smoothly q
Dynamic Magnification factor, 1 = 1.1 T24, EC-1,P3
Dynamic Magnification factor, 2 = 1.067 T24, EC-1,P3
Dynamic Magnification factor, 3 = 1 T24, EC-1,P3
Dynamic Magnification factor, 4 = 1 T24, EC-1,P3
Dynamic Magnification factor, 5 = 1.5 T26, EC-1,P3

## 4. Determination of Vertical wheel Loads

Refer table 2.2, EN 1991, Pt 3: Group Loads and Dynamic factors to be considered
as one characteristic crane action
4.1 Unloaded Crane
Load arrangement of the unloaded crane to obtain minimum loading on the runway beam

## Load Group 1,2 1 = 1.1

QC1,k = 192.5 kN
QC2,k = 22 kN
Q,r,(min) = 118.25 kN
Q,r,min = 96.25 kN
Load Group 3,4,5,6 4 = 1
QC1,k = 175 kN
QC2,k = 20 kN
Q,r,(min) = 107.5 kN
Q,r,min = 87.5 kN

## 4.2 Loaded crane

Load arrangement of the unloaded crane to obtain maximum loading on the runway beam

## Load Group 1 1 = 1.1

QC1,k = 192.5 kN
QC2,k = 22 kN
2 = 1.067
Qh,k = 106.7 kN
Q,r,(max) = 96.25
Q,r,max 224.95 kN
Load Group 2 1 = 1.1
QC1,k = 192.5 kN
QC2,k = 22 kN
3 = 1
Qh,k = 100 kN
Q,r,(max) = 96.25 kN
Q,r,max = 218.25 kN
Load Group 4,5,6 4 = 1
QC1,k = 175 kN
QC2,k = 20 kN
Qh,k = 100 kN
Q,r,(max) = 87.5 kN
Q,r,max = 207.5 kN

## 5. Determination of Horizontal Loads

5.1 Caused by acceleration and deceleration of the crane

## 5.1.1 Drive Force K

Wheel Type = Steel q
Friction Factor = 0.2 EC-1,2.7.3(4)
Wheel Drive Type Central q
Number of single wheel drivers,mw = 2
Q*r,min = 97.5 kN EC-1,2.7.3(3)
K=m.Q*r,min = 19.5 kN EC-1,2.7.3(3)
5.1.2 Longitudinal Loads

## Number of runway beams,nr = 2 Nos

Horizontal Loads, HL1=HL2= 5*K/nr = 14.625 kN EC-1,2.7.2(2)
5.1.3 Transverse Loads

The moment, M resulting from the drive force whch should be applied at the centre of mass is
equilibrated by transverse horizontal forces H T,1 and HT,2.
Qr=Qr,max+Qr(max) = 295 kN EC-1,2.7.2(3)
1 =Qr,max/Qr = 0.70 EC-1,2.7.2(3)
2=1-1 = 0.30 EC-1,2.7.2(3)
ls=(1-0.5).l = 4.88 m EC-1,2.7.2(3)
M=K.ls = 95.19 kNm EC-1,2.7.2(3)
HT,1=5.2.M/a = 21.17 kN EC-1,2.7.2(3)
HT,2 =5.1.M/a = 50.21 kN EC-1,2.7.2(3)

## 5.2 Caused by Skewing of crane

5.2.1 Skewing angle
Wheel guide type = Wheel Flange q T2.7,EC-1
Width of rail head,br = 50 mm
F = 0.75*x/a = 0.005 rad T2.7,EC-1
v=y/a = 0.0025 rad T2.7,EC-1
0 = 0.001 rad T2.7,EC-1
= 0.0085 rad
5.2.2 Non-Positive Factor
f=0.3*(1-exp(-250) = 0.264 EC-1,2.7.4(2)
5.2.3 Force factors
e1 = 0 m
e2 = 2 m
Number of pairs of coupled wheels, m = 0
Number of wheel pairs,n = 2
Combination of wheel pairs = IFF q
e2 = 4
e = 2 m
h = 2 m
s = 0.5 T2.9,EC-1
s,1,L and s,2,L = 0 T2.9,EC-1
For wheel pair 1
s,1,1,T = 0.148 T2.9,EC-1
s,2,1,T = 0.352 T2.9,EC-1
For wheel pair 2
s,1,2,T = 0 T2.9,EC-1
s,2,2,T 0 T2.9,EC-1
5.2.4 Longitudinal Forces
Hs,1,L = 0 kN EC-1,2.7.4(1)
Hs,2,L = 0 kN EC-1,2.7.4(1)
5.2.5 Transverse force
S=f*s.Qr = 38.965 kN EC-1,2.7.4(1)
For wheel pair 1
Hs,1,1,T = 11.557 kN EC-1,2.7.4(1)
Hs,2,1,T = 27.408 kN EC-1,2.7.4(1)
Hs,1,T = 27.408 kN
Hs,2,T = 27.408 kN
For wheel pair 1
Hs,1,2,T = 0 kN
Hs,2,2,T = 0 kN

## 5.3 Caused by accelerartion or braking of crab

Assuming that the payload is free to swing, EC-1,2.11.2

## HT,3 = 0.1*(Qc2+Qh) = 12 kN EC-1,2.7.5

6. Fatigue Loads
Class of crane = s6 q
fat,1 =(1+1)/2 = 1.05 EC-1,2.12.1(7)
fat,2 =(1+2)/2 = 1.034 EC-1,2.12.1(7)
i for normal stress = 0.794 T2.12,EC-1
i for shear stress = 0.871 T2.12,EC-1
For Normal Stress, Qc,i = fat.i.Qmax,i = 86.496 kN EC-1,2.12.1(4)
For Shear Stress, Qc,i = fat.i.Qmax,i = 94.885 kN EC-1,2.12.1(4)
Summary of Crane Reactions(kN)
Group Of Loads 1 2 3 4 5 6
1= 1.1 1= 1.1 1= 1.1 4= 1 4= 1 4= 1
Magnification factor which are considered for =
the group of loads 2 1.07 3= 1 5= 1.5 5= 1.5
5= 1.5 5 = 1.5
Qr,(min) 59.125 59.125 53.75 53.75 53.75 53.75
Self Weight of the
Vertical Crane Qr,min 48.125 96.25 43.75 43.75 43.75 43.75
Loads Qr,(max) 48.125 48.125 - 43.75 43.75 43.75
Self Weight of the
Crane and Hoist Load Qr,max 112.475 109.125 - 103.75 103.75 103.75
HL,1 14.625 14.625 14.625 14.625 - -
Acceleration of the HL,2 14.625 14.625 14.625 14.625 - -
crane HT,1 21.17 21.17 21.17 21.17 - -
Horizontal HT,2 50.21 50.21 50.21 50.21 - -
Loads HS1,L - - - - 0 -
HS2,L - - - - 0 -
Skewing of the crane
HS1,T - - - - 27.4076 -
HS2,T - - - - 27.4076 -

- - - -
Acceleration of the crab HT,3 - 12