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Preface

Assalammualaikum Wr. Wb.

Thank goodness to Allah SWT, because as It willing, we could finish this

report as soon as the Lab Work was over. The Chemistrys Lab Work Report is the

proof of our hardwork during the Lab Work activity.

We purely write this report to fulfill Chemistrys Task which is the teacher has

gave to us. Not only that, we could gain new experiment and experience. We

learn that chemistry is not only needs theory, but also needs experiment as the

proof of the theory that weve learn from the book.

We realize the the report is far from perfect. Thus, we do wish there will be

any supporting ideas or criticsm from all experts and readers to develop and

improve the report in the future. The last but not least, we hope that the report

can give us advantages especially on our Chemistry school grades.

Wassalam

Thursday, August 26th 2010

The Composer Team


Determination of Reaction Heat NaOH
and HCl
In The Calorimeter
CHAPTER ONE: Preliminary
AUGUST 26TH 2010

A. GOAL

To determine Reaction Heat and Type of Reaction

B. BASIC THEORY

Calorimetry is a tool used to measure the amount of heat involved


in a change or chemical reaction.

If two or more substances mixed into a single high temperature, the


substance that will release heat while the low temperature substance that will
receive the heat, until thermal equilibrium is reached.

The equation of amount of heat that needed to increase the


substance temperature:
Q= m.c.t
Where:
Q = amount of heat needed (calorie)
m = mass substance
c = Heat type ( kal/gr C)
0

t = temperature changes (C)


CHAPTER TWO: Contents
A. TOOLS AND MATERIALS
2 Pieces 50ml Measure Glass
Thermometer
Calorimeter
NaOH
HCl

B. PROCEDURE

1. Put the NaOH into a measuring cup, then write the temperature.
2. Put the HCl into the second measuring cup then write the temperature.
3. Pour all of them into the calorimeter and close immediately.
4. Stir them vertically for many times.
5. After that, use thermometer to know the temperature, write it.
6. Write the results here.

C. OBSERVATION

SUBSTANCE TEMPERATURE
HCl t1 = 28C
NaOH t2= 28C

= 28
1+2 28+28
FIRST TEMPERATURE = =
2 2
Final temperature after NaOH and HCl has poured is 330C

D. DISCUSSION

t = final temperature first temperature


= 330C - 280C
= 50C

NaOH = 25ml
HCl = 25ml
m = .v
= 1g/ml . (25 + 25)ml
= 50 gram

m = 50 gram
c = 4.18 j/g 0C
t = 5C

Q = m.ct
= 50 g . 4.18 j/g 0C . 50C
= 1.045 j = 1,045 Kj
Q reaction = -1,045 Kj

Mol NaOH
= VxM
= 25 ml x 1 mmol/ml
= 25 mmol
Mol HCl
= VxM
= 25 ml x 1 mmol/ml
= 25 mmol
Limiting reagent 25 mmol = 0,025 mol

H = -1,045 Kj
0,025 mol
= - 41.8 Kj/mol
CHAPTER 3: Conclusion
From the reaserach we've done, the temperatures of both are increasing after
we mixed them. Thus, there was a exoterm reaction because Hs of it is
negative (-). As far as weve learn, this lab work lead us to how determine
calorimetric, and Exoterm nor Endoterm reaction.
LIBRARIES
http://belajarkimia.blogspot.com
http://edukasi.net/materikimia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calorimetry
http://www.mnstate.edu/provost/