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PLTM PUSAKA 3 2 x 1,5 MW Perhitungan Desain Pipa Pesat (Penstock) Rev 03

A. Perhitungan Water Hammer

10 3 K
c = KD
1
Et
c : kecepatan gelombang (m/det)
K : modulus bulk 2.1 x 10 9
D : diameter dalam (m)
E : modulus elastisitas bahan
t : ketebalan pipa penstock (m)
2L
t" = c

t" : waktu kritis gelombang (det)


L : panjang penstock
c : cepat rambat gelombang (m/det)
10 3 * 2.1x10 9
c = 2.1x10 9 *1.5
1
2 x1010 * 0.01
= 354.08 m/det
2L
t" = c
2 *116
=
354
= 0.66 det
Surge head:
cv
P =
g

2vL
=
gt

P : tekanan (m)
v : selisih kecepatan
g : percepatan gravitasi (9.81 m 2 /det)
L : panjang pipa (m)

t" : critical time


354 * 2
P =
9.81
= 72.17 m
2 * 2 *116
P =
9.81 * 0.71

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PLTM PUSAKA 3 2 x 1,5 MW Perhitungan Desain Pipa Pesat (Penstock) Rev 03

= 66.62 m
Total Head Pressure = P + Net Head
= 72.17 + 49.10
= 121.27 m

B. Perhitungan Tebal Penstock


H tot x D x SFtot
t req =
83700
t req : tebal pipa pesat (penstock) yang diperlukan (mm)

Ht : total head pressure (m)

D : diameter pipa pesat (mm)


SF : faktor keamanan 2.0 3.5
121.27 x 1500 x 3.0
t req =
83700

= 6.5 mm
Jagaan terhadap korosi = 2.0 - 3.0 mm
Digunakan Penstock dengan ketebalan = 6.5 + 3.0
= 9.5 mm
~ 10.00 mm

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