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Are supplements regulated by the FDA?

CHAPTER 1: ROLES AND SCOPE OF PRACTICE


NO.

Composed of health professionals, with Is it legal for fitness facilitators to sell

physicians at the top of the pyramid commercial nutritional supplements? YES.

ALLIED HEALTHCARE CONTINUUM Are PTs qualified to recommend

Mental health, alternative healthcare, supplements to clients? NO.

trainers/instructors, rehab professionals, A way to become recognized as an

nutritional support, and gatekeepers are expert for a particular type of training or

specialty areas within ALLIED client population - SPECIALIZATION

HEALTHCARE
CHAPTER 2: ADHERENCE & MOTIVATION
Protect the public from harm PRIMARY
FOCUS OF CERTIFICATION Personal factor that influences exercise
Screening the clients for exercise limitations adherence EXERCISE EXPERIENCE
to facilitate exercise program design is Estimated no. of calories than a person will
WITHIN THE SCOPE OF PRACTICE burn by taking an additional 15k steps per
Compiling detailed nutritional week 750 CALORIES
programming and specific meal planning Approx. percentage of the American
recommended by their physician is population that does not engage in leisure
OUTSIDE THE SCOPE OF PRACTICE time activity 30%
Helping clients gain a better Drop-out rate for those beginning an
understanding of portion sizes and exercise program within six months 50%
healthful food is WITHIN THE SCOPE OF Percentage of Americans that engage in
PRACTICE recommended level of physical activity
Legal range of services that professionals 25%
in a given field can provide SCOPE OF Younger, more education, non-smokers,
PRACTICE white, not significantly overweight,
Establish the clients fitness level in order to convenience/cost/amount of time
design an appropriate exercise program required for fitness program FACTORS
ASSESSMENTS INFLUENCING EXERCISE ADHERENCE
Designed for fitness professionals wanting Appropriate expectations for clients,
to provide one on one or small group identify clients readiness to
exercise instruction ACE PERSONAL change/preference/ex-history, work with
TRAINER CERTIFICATION client to select activities to meet
To help prevent violations of client privacy, objectives, offer choices LEADERSHIP
ACE-certified professionals should adhere QUALITIES OF A PT
to HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability Entry in scheduler/cell phone/calendar,
and Accountability Act) set out exercise clothes the night before
PTs should ___ clients who require services EXERCISE PROMPTS
outside their scope of practice REFER Psychological drive that gives behaviour
Its important to develop a ___ to refer direction and purpose MOTIVATION
clients to reputable health professionals Engaging in physical activity for the
and also to gain referrals REFERRAL pleasure and experience that comes with
NETWORK it INTRINSIC MOTIVATION
Being physically active to lose weight, be profession, genuine client concern
healthy or to look good; tense and COMPONENTS OF BEING A GOOD LEADER
pressured most of the time EXTRINSIC Most reliable predictor of participation in
MOTIVATION an exercise program PAST EXERCISE
Motivation as people are actually working PROGRAM PARTICIPATION
out SITUATIONAL MOTIVATION Best strategy to enhance the likelihood
Belief in ones own capabilities to engage that a client will continue to work with
in a physical activity program SELF them encourage client ownership of the
EFFICACY program to facilitate development of
Relapse prevention, social support, intrinsic motivation
assertiveness, self-regulation, high-risk Goal that is likely to enhance participation
situations STRATEGIES TO MAINTAIN SERIES OF PROGRESSIVELY ATTAINABLE
CLIENT MOTIVATION SHORT TERM GOALS
Honest and straight-forward expression of It has a drop-out rate twice the rate of a
ones thoughts, feelings and beliefs moderate intensity program VIGOROUS
ASSERTIVENESS INTENSITY
Effective self-regulators of their own Factor that is most likely unrelated to
behaviours, schedules, time and priorities adherence levels AGE
SELF-REGULATIONS Most important factor in starting an
Prepare to deal with program relapses exercise program INDIVIDUAL
and program barriers, plan to remain Voluntary and active involvement in an
active thru these times, watch for signs exercise program ADHERENCE
that clients may be overwhelmed or worn Health conditions and is a weak predictor
out HIGH-RISK SITUATIONS of exercise behaviour HEALTH STATUS
Personal attributes, environmental factors Most important and influential attribute
and physical activity factors 3 variable influencing adherence ACTIVITY
CATEGORIES OF EXERCISE PARTICIPATION HISTORY
Demographic values, health status, activity General tendencies that people have in
history, psychological traits & knowledge, their personality or psychological make-up
attitude and beliefs PERSONAL PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAITS
ATTRIBUTES Reflective of ones ability to set goals,
Access to facilities, time, social support monitor progress and self-reinforce SELF-
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS MOTIVATION
Intensity & Injury PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Those who perceive their health as ___ are
FACTORS unlikely to adhere to a program POOR
Info that the clients provide themselves A belief in personal control over health
INTRINSIC FEEDBACK outcomes LOCUS OF CONTROL
Reinforcement, error correction & Most common excuse for not exercising
encouragement EXTRINSIC FEEDBACK and for dropping out of a program
Type of feedback that provides info on PERCEIVED LACK OF TIME
progress KNOWLEDGE OF RESULTS Percentage of people who engage in
Professionalism, client-trainer trust, ability to high-intensity activities are injured each
listen effectively, excitement for the year 50%
One way personal trainers can enhance
the feelings of enjoyment and
accomplishment is by creating MASTERY
Involves how the client generally views
exercise CONTEXTUAL MOTIVATION
Failing to build client ___ is related to less-
motivated clients who may ultimately drop
out INDEPENDENCE
Provides a guide to clients of how they are
doing FEEDBACK
A common cause of conflict is the lack of
___ which means expectations are not
clearly defined ROLE CLARITY
Specific, measurable, attainable, relevant
and time bound goals SMART GOALS
Clients who have poor time management
skills, a lack of social support, or busy
schedules are most at risk for RELAPSE

CHAPTER 3: COMMUNICATION AND TEACHING


TECHNIQUES