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DEFORMASI TITIK BUHUL PADA RANGKA BATANG BIDANG

E F
500 kg

BAHAN KONTRUKSI/
4m

LUAS PENAMPANG HORISONTA

A C D B LUAS PENAMPANG VERTIKA

500 kg 500 kg
LUAS PENAPANG DIAGONAL

3m 3m 3m
a. HITUNG DEFORMASI VER
b. HITUNG DEFORMASI HOR
PENYELESAIAN
A. MENGHITUNG DEFLEKSI PADA TITIK D (dVD)

Si i L i
RUMUS :
VD=
Fi Ei
E 9 F
500 kg

8 6 4m 8
7 4
5
=
HA
1 C 2 D 3 B 1
A A

D'
dVD
500 kg 500 kg
RA

3m 3m 3m
3m 3m 3m

TABEL PERHITUNGAN
NO.
Si (kg) ai Li/(Ei.Fi) Si.ai.Li/(Ei.Fi)
batang

1 +41.5 +0.25 3/(4F.E) 7.78/EF LUAS PENAMPANG HORI


2 + 208 +0.500 3/(4F.E) 78/EF LUAS PENAMPANG VERT
3 + 208 +0.500 3/(4F.E) 78/EF LUAS PENAPANG DIAGO
4 -347.5 -0.833 5/(1F.E) 1447.34/EF
5 + 500 +1 4/(2F.E) 1000/EF
6 -277.5 -0.416 5/(1F.E) 577.2/EF
7 +722 +0.333 4/(2F.E) 480.85/EF
8 -902.5 -0.416 5/(1F.E) 1877.2/EF
9 -541.5 -0.25 3/(4F.E) 101.53/EF
S 5647.9/EF

MENGHITUNG ai
E F
9

1
7 6 4m
8 4
5

HA' =0
1 C 2 D B
A 3

3m 3m 3m

RA'
RB'
= 3/9.1
= 0.333

RA
5 4
S8
3
S1

S8/5 = RA/4 S1/3 = RA/4


S1/3 = 0.333
S8 = 0.333 /4 x 5 S1/3 =
= 0.416 (tekan) = 0.24975
MENGHITUNG ai
E F
9

7 6
8 4
5

HA' =0
1 C 2 D B
A 3

1
3m 3m 3m

RA'
RB'
= 3/9.1
= 0.333

MENCARI a9
SMC = 0
RA'.3 + S9.4 0
0.333.3 + S9.4 = 0
1+ S9.4 = 0
S9 = -1 /+4
= -0.25 TEKAN
Si i L i
VD= = 5647.9/EF

Fi Ei = 5647.9
21,000,000,000 X 0.0005

= 0.00054 M
= 0.54 MM
HAN KONTRUKSI/MATERIAL : BAJA
E = 2,100,000 Kg/cm2
MPANG HORISONTAL = 20 CM2 = 4F
MPANG VERTIKAL = 10 CM2 = 2F
PANG DIAGONAL = 5 CM2 = F
DEFORMASI VERTIKAL/LENDUTAN/DEFLEKSI PADA TITIK D
DEFORMASI HORISONTAL/TRANSLASI PADA TITIK E

E F E
9 500 kg

8 6
4
4m + 8
7
5

HA'
1 C 2 D 3 B 1 C
A

500 kg 500 kg

3m 3m 3m 3m

RA RA'
RB
DIDAPAT Si
ENAMPANG HORISONTAL = 20 CM2 = 4F
ENAMPANG VERTIKAL = 10 CM2 = 2F
ENAPANG DIAGONAL = 5 CM2 = F

RB'
5 S4
4
4m

3 S3

a4/5 = RB'/4
a4/5 = 0.667 /4
a4 = 0.667 /4 x 5
RB'
= 6/9.1 = 0.833 tekan
= 0.667
a3/3 = RB'/4
a3/3 = 0.667 /4
=0.333 a3 = 0.667 /4 x 3
= 0.500 tarik

RA/4
0.333 /4
0.333 /4 x 3
0.24975 (TARIK)
RA'

4m

5 4
B S6
3 S9+S2

a6/5 = RA'/4
RB'
= 6/9.1 a6/5 = 0.333/4
= 0.667
a6 = 0.333/4 X 5
= 0.41625 (TEKAN)
E = 2,100,000 Kg/cm
CM.CM
2

= 2,100,000 KG/ 10^-2 10^-2


10-4
0.0005 = 21,000,000,000

LUAS PENAPANG DIAGONAL = 5 CM2 = F


0.0005
E F
9

7 6
4
4m DIDAPAT ai
5
(BEBAN LUAR DIHILANGKAN)
C 2 D
3 B (DIKERJAN P = 1 di D)

1
3m 3m

RB'
KONSTRUKSI RANGKA BATANG STATIS TAK TENTU DALAM (KELEBIHAN PADA R
E 9 F
500 kg

8 4 4m 8
7 5
6
=

A 1 C 2 D 3 B A 1

500 kg 500 kg

3m 3m 3m 3m

TABEL PERHITUNGAN
SiO
NO.
batang ai Li/(Ei.Fi) Si.ai.Li/(Ei.Fi) ai2.Li/(Ei.Fi)
kg

1 +41.5 +0.25 3/(4F.E) 7.78/EF 0.047/EF


2 + 208 +0.500 3/(4F.E) 78/EF 0.188/EF
3 + 208 +0.500 3/(4F.E) 78/EF 0.188/EF
4 -347.5 -0.833 5/(1F.E) 1447.34/EF 3.470/EF
5 + 500 +1 4/(2F.E) 1000/EF 2.000/EF
6 -277.5 -0.416 5/(1F.E) 577.2/EF 0,862/EF
7 +722 +0.333 4/(2F.E) 480.85/EF 0.222/EF
8 -902.5 -0.416 5/(1F.E) 1877.2/EF 0,862/EF
9 -541.5 -0.25 3/(4F.E) 101.53/EF 0,047/EF
AH 500 0 0 0 0
RA 722.222 0.333 0 0 0
RB 277.778 0.667 0 0 0
RD 0 -1 0 0 0
S +5647.9/EF +7.891/EF
akibat beban luar Akibat RD=1

+5647.9/EF + 7.891/EF . RD
+5647.9 + 7.891 . RD
+ 7.891 . RD
RD
LEBIHAN PADA REAKSI PERLETAKAN)
E 9 F E 9
500 kg

4 4m 8
7 5 7
6 6
+
C 2 D 3 B 1 C 2
A

500 kg 500 kg

3m 3m 3m 3m 3m

UNTUK MENCARI Sio

UNTUK MENCARI ai
Si = Sio+aiRD Tekan/ 1294.44
i .Li/(Ei.Fi)
2

kg Tarik 1794

0.047/EF -137.43 Tekan 199.38222 0.05 41.5


0.188/EF -149.87 Tekan 0.19 208
0.188/EF -149.87 Tekan 0.19 208
3.470/EF -248.71 Tekan 3.47 348
2.000/EF -215.74 Tekan 2 500
0,862/EF -20.25 Tekan 0.87 278
0.222/EF 483.66 Tarik 0.22 722
0,862/EF 604.75 Tarik 0.87 903
0,047/EF 362.57 Tarik 0.05 542
0 500.00 7.89

0 483.88
0 -199.62
0 715.74
+7.891/EF

=0
=0
= -5647.9
= -5647.9 / 7.891 .

= -715.739 kg
F

4 4m
5

2 D 3 B

RD=1

3m 3m

K MENCARI ai

0.3
0.5
0.5
0.8
1
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.3
KONSTRUKSI RANGKA BATANG STATIS TAK TENTU LUAR (KELEBIHAN PADA BAT
E 9 F
500 kg

8 4 4m 8
7 5
10
6
=

1 C 2 D 3 B 1
A A

500 kg 500 kg

3m 3m 3m 3m

TABEL PERHITUNGAN
NO.
batang
SiO (kg) ai Li/(Ei.Fi) Si.ai.Li/(Ei.Fi) ai2.Li/(Ei.Fi)

1 +41.5 0 3/(4F.E) 0 0
2 + 208 -3/5 3/(4F.E) -94/EF 0,270/EF
3 + 208 0 3/(4F.E) 0 0
4 -347.5 0 5/(1F.E) 0 0
5 + 500 -4/5 4/(2F.E) -800/EF 2.560/EF
6 -277.5 1 5/(1F.E) -1388/EF 5,000/EF
7 +722 -4/5 4/(2F.E) -1155/EF 2.560/EF
8 -902.5 0 5/(1F.E) 0 0
9 -541.5 -3/5 3/(4F.E) +244/EF 0,270/EF
10 0 +1 5/(1F.E) 0 5,000/EF
S -3193/EF +15.66/EF

-3193/EF + 15.66/EF . X
-3193 + 15.66 . X
+ 15.66 . X
X
EBIHAN PADA BATANG)
E 9 F E 9 F
500 kg

X =1

4 4m 8
7 5 7 5
6 6 X=1
+
C 2 D 3 B 1 C 2 D
A

500 kg 500 kg

3m 3m 3m 3m 3m

UNTUK MENCARI Sio 3m

UNTUK MENCARI ai
i2.Li/(Ei.Fi) Si = Sio+aiX tekan/tarik

0 41.50 Tarik
0,270/EF 85.60 Tarik
0 208.00 Tarik
0 -347.50 Tekan
2.560/EF 336.80 Tarik
5,000/EF -73.50 Tekan
2.560/EF 558.80 Tarik
0 -902.50 Tekan
0,270/EF -663.90 Tekan
5,000/EF 204.00 Tarik
+15.66/EF

=0
=0
= +3193
= +3193 / 15.66 .

= 204 kg
F

4 4m
5

D 3 B

3m

MENCARI ai
KONSTRUKSI RANGKA BATANG STATIS TAK TENTU DALAM (KELEBIHAN PADA R
E 9 F
500 kg

8 4 4m 8
7 5
6
=

A 1 C 2 D 3 B A 1

500 kg 500 kg

3m 3m 3m 3m

TABEL PERHITUNGAN
SiO
NO.
batang a1i a2i Li/(Ei.Fi) SiO.1i.Li/(Ei.Fi)
kg

1 2 3 4 5 6=2*3/5

1 +41.5 +0.5 +0.25 3/(E.4F) 15.56 / (EF)

2 + 208 +0.25 +0.500 3/(E.4F) 39.00 / (EF)

3 + 208 +0.25 +0.500 3/(E.4F) 39.00 / (EF)

4 -347.5 -0.417 -0.833 5/(E.1F) 723.96 / (EF)

5 + 500 0 +1 4/(E.2F) 0.00 / (EF)

6 -277.5 +0.417 -0.416 5/(E.1F) -578.59 / (EF)

7 +722 +0.666 +0.333 4/(E.2F) 961.70 / (EF)

8 -902.5 -0.833 -0.416 5/(E.1F) 3,758.91 / (EF)

9 -541.5 -0.5 -0.25 3/(E.4F) 203.06 / (EF)

AH 500 0 0 0 0.00

RA 722.222 0.667 0.333 0 0.00


RB 277.778 0.333 0.667 0 0.00

RC 0 -1 0 0 0.00

RD 0 0 -1 0 0.00

S 5,162.61 / (EF)

SiO.1i.Li/(Ei.Fi)

1. SYARAT BATAS 1 (BOUNDARY CONDITION) = JUMLAH DEFLEKSI VERT


VC = 0
2. SYARAT BATAS 2 (BOUNDARY CONDITION) = JUMLAH DEFLEKSI VERT
VD = 0

VC = 0 defleksi di C akibat beban luar + Defleksi di C Akibat RC

5,162.61 / (EF) + 6.563 / (EF) RC


5,162.61 + 6.563 RC
6.563 RC

RC

VD = 0 defleksi di D akibat beban luar + Defleksi di D Akibat RC

5,647.90 / (EF) + 3.419 / (EF) RC


5,647.90 + 3.419 RC
3.419 RC

RC
RC
RC DITENTUKAN DARI P

RC
RC
RC
RC
RC
LEBIHAN PADA REAKSI PERLETAKAN)
E 9 F E 9 F
500 kg

4 4m 8
7 5 7 5
6 6
+

C 2 D 3 B 1 C 2 D
A

500 kg 500 kg RC=1

3m 3m 3m 3m 3m

UNTUK MENCARI Sio

UNTUK MENCARI a1i

SiO.2i.Li/(Ei.Fi) 1i2.Li/(Ei.Fi) 2i2.Li/(Ei.Fi) 1i.2i.Li/(Ei.Fi)

7=2*4/5 8=3*3/5 9=4*4/5 10=3*4/5

7.781 / (EF) 0.188 / (EF) 0.047 / (EF) 0.094 / (EF)

78.000 / (EF) 0.047 / (EF) 0.188 / (EF) 0.094 / (EF)

78.000 / (EF) 0.047 / (EF) 0.188 / (EF) 0.094 / (EF)

1,447.338 / (EF) 0.868 / (EF) 3.469 / (EF) 1.735 / (EF)

1,000.000 / (EF) - / (EF) 1.000 / (EF) - / (EF)

577.200 / (EF) 0.869 / (EF) 0.865 / (EF) -0.867 / (EF)

480.852 / (EF) 0.887 / (EF) 0.222 / (EF) 0.444 / (EF)

1,877.200 / (EF) 3.469 / (EF) 0.865 / (EF) 1.733 / (EF)

101.531 / (EF) 0.188 / (EF) 0.047 / (EF) 0.094 / (EF)

- - - -

- - - -
- - - -

- - - -

- - - -

5,647.90 / (EF) 6.563 / (EF) 6.891 / (EF) 3.419 / (EF)

SiO.2i.Li/(Ei.Fi) 1i2.Li/(Ei.Fi) 2i2.Li/(Ei.Fi) 1i.2i.Li/(Ei.Fi)

H DEFLEKSI VERTIKAL PADA PERLETAKAN C = 0

H DEFLEKSI VERTIKAL PADA PERLETAKAN D = 0

+ Defleksi di C Akibat RD

+ 3.419 / (EF) RD = 0
+ 3.419 RD = 0
+ 3.419 RD = -5,162.61
: 6.563

+ 0.521 RD = -786.65 (Pers. 1)

+ Defleksi di D Akibat RD

+ 6.891 / (EF) RD = 0
+ 6.891 RD = 0
+ 6.891 RD = -5,647.90
: 3.419

+ 2.015 RD = -1,651.79 (Pers. 2)

+ 0.521 RD = -786.65 (Pers. 1)


-
1.494 RD = -865.15
RD = -865.15 / 1.494
RD = -579.00 kg

= 579.00 kg
DITENTUKAN DARI PERS. 1

+ 0.521 x -579.00 = -786.65 (Pers. 1)

+ -301.661 = -786.65
= -786.647 + -301.66
= -1,088.308 kg
= 1,088.308 kg
F E 9 F

4 4m 8 4 4m
5 7 5
6

D 3 B 1 C 2 D 3 B
A

RD=1

3m 3m 3m 3m

MENCARI a1i UNTUK MENCARI a2i


Si = Sio+a1iRC+a2iRD Tekan/
[kg] Tarik
11=2+3*RC + 4*RD

-647.40 TEKAN
-353.58 TEKAN
-353.58 TEKAN
588.27 TARIK
-79.00 TEKAN
-490.46 TEKAN
-195.62 TEKAN
244.92 TARIK
147.40 TARIK
500.00
-196.49
-470.82
1,088.31
579.00
KONSTRUKSI RANGKA BATANG STATIS T

F 14 G H
15 500 kg Fh =

Fd =
8
13 4.5m
12 9 5 Fv =
10 6
11 7

1 C 2 D 3 E 4 B
A

500 kg 500 kg 500 kg

3m 3m 3m

F 14 G H
15 500 kg

8
13 4.5m 13
12 9 5
10 6
+

1 C 2 D 3 E 4 B 1
A A

500 kg 500 kg 500 kg

3m 33 m
m 3m 3m

UNTUK MENCARI Sio

SiO
NO. a 1i a 2i Li/(Ei.Fi) (SiO.a 1i.Li)/(Ei.Fi) (SiO.a 2i.Li)/(Ei.Fi)
batang
kg

1 125 0 0 0.6 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

2 125 -0.555 0 0.6 /EF -41.71 /EF 0.00

3 375 0 -0.555 0.6 /EF 0.00 /EF -124.92


4 375 0 0 0.6 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

5 -677 0 0 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

6 500 0 -0.832 2.25 /EF 0.00 /EF -936.06

7 0 0 1 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

8 76 0 1 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 409.50

9 0 -0.832 -0.832 2.25 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

\ 10 526 1 0 5.41 /EF 2,847.00 /EF 0.00

11 0 1 0 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

12 500 -0.832 0 2.25 /EF -936.06 /EF 0.00

13 -1127 0 0 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

14 -917 -0.555 0 0.6 /EF 305.31 /EF 0.00

15 -917 0 -0.555 0.6 /EF 0.00 /EF 305.31

AH 500 0 0 0 0.00 0.00

RA 917 0 0 0 0.00 0.00

RB 583 0 0 0 0.00 0.00

S 2,174.54 /EF -346.17

Menghitung Reaksi Perletakan akibat beban luar

F 14 G H
15 500 kg

8
13 4,5 m
12 9 5
10 6

AH=500 kg
1 C 2 D 3 E 4 B
AH=500 kg
1 C 2 D 3 E 4 B
A
500 kg 500 kg 500 kg

3m 33 m
m 3m 3m

AV=938 kg BV = 563 kg

Reaksi Perletakan di A (Sendi), Jadi ada 2 reaksi (Horisontal AH, Reaksi Vertikal AV)

Menghitung AH

SH = 0

AH = 500 kg

Menghitung AV ; Misal AV

SMB = 0 ; + -
AV x 12 - 500 x 3 - 500 x 6 - 500 x 9 - 500

12 AV - 1500 - 3000 - 4500 - 2250

12 AV - 11250 = 0 ; 12 AV = 11250

AV = 11250 / 12 = 938 kg

Menghitung BV ; Misal BV

SMA = 0 ; + -
-BV x 12 + 500 x 3 + 500 x 6 + 500 x 9 - 500

-12 BV + 1500 + 3000 + 4500 - 2250

-12 BV + 6750 ; -12 BV = -6750

BV = -6750 / -12 = 563 kg

KONTROL

SV = 0? + ; -
+ AV + BV - 500 - 500 - 500 = 938 + 563 -

= 1500 - 1500 =

Menghitung Gaya Batang

Berdasarkan Metode Keseimbangan Titik Buhul Gaya batang yang dapat langsung ditentukan

yaitu :

S12 = +500 kg ; S6 = +500 kg ; S9 = 0

S7 = 0 ; S11 = 0

Menentukan gaya batang S1 dan S13

S13y S13 5.41 4.5 Sina = 4.5 /

Cosa = 3 /
a
AH=500 kg
S13x S1 3
A

S13x = S13 Cosa = S13 x

AV=938 kg S13y = S13 Sina = S13 x

SV = 0 + ; -

S13y + AV = 0

0.832 S13 + 938 = 0

0.832 S13 = -938

S13 = -938 / 0.832 = -1127 kg (TEKAN)


SH = 0 + ; -

S13x + AH + S1 = 0

0.555 S13 + 500 + S1 = 0

0.555 x -1127 + 500 + S1 = 0

-625 + 500 + S1 = 0

-125 + S1 = 0

S1 = 125 kg (TARIK)

S2 = 125 kg (TARIK)

Menghitung gaya batang S14 dan S10

F S14
S10x

SMD = 0 ; +
S10
4.5 m 13
S10y S14 x 4.5 + AV x 6

12 4.5 S14 + 938 x 6


AH=500 kg S2=111 kg
1 C D 4.5 S14 + 5628
A
500 kg 4.5 S14 + 4128 = 0

3m 3m 4.5 S14 = -4128

AV=938 kg S14 = -4128 / 4.5

S15 = -917 kg (TEKAN)

a Sina = 4.5 / 5.41 = 0.832 ; S10y = S10

4.5 Cosa = 3 / 5.41 = 0.555 ; S10x = S10


5.41

SV = 0 + ; -

+ AV - S10y - 500 = 0

938 - 0.832 S10 - 500 = 0

-0.832 S10 + 438 = 0

S10 = -438 / -0.832 = 526 kg

Menghitung gaya batang S8 dan S3

S15 S8x H
500 kg 5.41 4.5 Sina =
a Cosa =
a
S8
S8y 4,5 m 3
5

E 4 B S8x = S8 Cosa =
S3

500 kg S8y = S8 Sina =

3m

BV = 563 kg

SV = 0 + ; -

+ BV - S8y - 500 = 0

563 - 0.832 S8 - 500 = 0

-0.832 S8 + 63 = 0

S8 = -63 / -0.832 = 76 kg (TARIK)


SMH = 0 ; + -

S3 x 4.5 - BV x 3 = 0

4.5 S3 - 563 x 3 = 0

4.5 S3 - 1689 = 0

4.5 S3 = 1689

4.5 S3 = 1689

S3 = 1689 / 4.5 = 375 kg (TARIK)

S4 = 375 kg (TARIK)

4.5 5.41 BV = 563


S5
a

S4 B 3

BV = 563 kg S5 563 563


= ; S5 =
5.41 4.5 4.5

= 677

S5X = S5 COS a = 677

= 376

SH = 0
376 - S4 = 0

S4 = 376

F 14 G H
15

X1
8
13 4m
12 9 5
10 6
X1

1 C 2 D 3 E 4 B
A

3m 33mm 3m 3m

AV'=0 BV'=0

UNTUK MENCARI a 1i

S11=X1=1

a 112
5.41 4.5
a 112
X1=1

a 12 3 a 12

C
a112 1 1
= ; a112 = x
4.5 5.4 5.41

= 0.832 (tekan)

a12 1 1
= ; a12 = x
3 5.4 5.41

= 0.555 (tekan)

Persamaan 1

2,174.54 + 14.30 X1 + 1.56 X2 = 0

14.30 X1 + 1.56 X2 = -2,174.54

X1 + 0.11 X2 = -152.05 (Pers. 1)

Persamaan 2

-346.17 + 1.56 X1 + 14.30 X2 = 0

1.56 X1 + 14.30 X2 = 346.17

X1 + 9.18 X2 = 222.23 (Pers. 2)


X1 + 0.11 X2 = -152.05 (Pers. 1)

X1 + 9.18 X2 = 222.23 (Pers. 1) -


-9.07 X2 = -374.28

X2 = -374.28 / -9.07

= 41.26 kg (tarik)

X1 + 0.11 X2 = -152.05

X1 + 0.11 x 41.26 = -152.05

X1 + 4.49 = -152.05

X1 = -152.05 - 4.49

= -156.55 kg (tekan)
ANG STATIS TAK TENTU LUAR (KELEBIHAN PADA BATANG)

25 cm2 = 5 F BAHAN BAJA (ES) = 2,100,000.00 kg/cm2

5 cm2 = 1 F = E

10 cm2 = 2 F

F 14 G H F 14
15

X1=1
8
4.5m 13
12 9 5 12
10 6 10
X1=1 +

C 2 D 3 E 4 B A 1 C 2

33mm 3m 3m 3m 3m

UNTUK MENCARI a 1i UNTUK MENCARI a

Si = Sio+a 1i.X1+a 2i.X2


(Si .a 2i.Li)/(Ei.Fi)
O
(a 1i .Li)/(Ei.Fi)
2
(a 2i .Li)/(Ei.Fi)
2
(a 1i.a 2i.Li)/(Ei.Fi)
kg

0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 125

0.00 /EF 0.18 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 212

-124.92 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.18 /EF 0.00 /EF 352


0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 375

0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF -677

-936.06 /EF 0.00 /EF 1.56 /EF 0.00 /EF 466

0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 41

409.50 /EF 0.00 /EF 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 117

0.00 /EF 1.56 /EF 1.56 /EF 1.56 /EF 96

0.00 /EF 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 370

0.00 /EF 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF -157

0.00 /EF 1.56 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 630

0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF -1,127

0.00 /EF 0.18 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF -830

305.31 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.18 /EF 0.00 /EF -940

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 917

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 583

-346.17 /EF 14.30 /EF 14.30 /EF 1.56 /EF


x 4.5 = 0

= 0

x 4.5 = 0

= 0

= 0
1500

0 (O.K)

5.41 = 0.832 5.41 4.5

5.41 = 0.555 S13 AV =


a

AH+S1

0.555 = 0.555 S13

0.832 = 0.832 S13

AH+S1 938 500+S1 938


= ; =
3 4.5 3 4.5

938
500+S1 = x 3
4.5

S1 = 625 - 500

S1 = 125 kg (TARIK)
-

- 500 x 3 = 0

- 1500 = 0

- 1500 = 0

= -917 kg (TEKAN)

(TEKAN)

Sina = S10 x 0.832 = 0.555 S10

Cosa = S10 x 0.555 = 0.832 S10


4.5 / 5.41 = 0.832

3 / 5.41 = 0.555

S8 x 0.555 = 0.555 S8

S8 x 0.832 = 0.832 S8
S5

S4

x 5.41

677 kg (tekan)

x 0.55

376
376 KG (TARIK)
4.5

(tekan)

(tekan)

Dibagi 14.30 (koefesien X1)

Dibagi 1.56 (koefesien X1)


NG)

G H
15

X2=1
8
4.5m
9 5
10 6
X2=1

2 D 3 E 4 B

3m 3m

UNTUK MENCARI a 2i

+a 1i.X1+a 2i.X2 Tekan/

kg Tarik

125 TARIK

212 TARIK

352 TARIK
375 TARIK

-677 TEKAN

466 TARIK

41 TARIK

117 TARIK

96 TARIK

370 TARIK

-157 TEKAN

630 TARIK

-1,127 TEKAN

-830 TEKAN

-940 TEKAN

500

917

583
S13 938
=
5.41 4.5
938

938
S13 = x 5.41
4.5

= 1127 kg (TEKAN)

938
4.5
KONSTRUKSI RANGKA BATANG STATIS T

F 14 G H
15 500 kg Fh =

Fd =
8
13 4.5m
12 9 5 Fv =
10 6
11 7

1 C 2 D 3 E 4 B
A

500 kg 500 kg 500 kg

3m 3m 3m

F 14 G H
15 500 kg

8
13 4.5m 13
12 9 5
10 6
+

1 C 2 D 3 E 4 B 1
A A

500 kg 500 kg 500 kg

3m 33 m
m 3m 3m

UNTUK MENCARI Sio

SiO
NO. a 1i a 2i Li/(Ei.Fi) (SiO.a 1i.Li)/(Ei.Fi) (SiO.a 2i.Li)/(Ei.Fi)
batang
kg

1 111 0 0 0.6 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

2 111 -0.555 0 0.6 /EF -37.05 /EF 0.00

3 389 0 -0.555 0.6 /EF 0.00 /EF -129.36


4 389 0 0 0.6 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

5 -701 0 0 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

6 500 0 -0.832 2.25 /EF 0.00 /EF -936.06

7 0 0 1 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

8 100 0 1 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 539.50

9 0 -0.832 -0.832 2.25 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

\ 10 501 1 0 5.41 /EF 2,710.50 /EF 0.00

11 0 1 0 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

12 500 -0.832 0 2.25 /EF -936.06 /EF 0.00

13 -1102 0 0 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00

14 -889 -0.555 0 0.6 /EF 295.99 /EF 0.00

15 -889 0 -0.555 0.6 /EF 0.00 /EF 295.99

AH 500 0 0 0

RA 917 0 0 0

RB 583 0 0 0

S 2,033.38 /EF -229.92

Menghitung Reaksi Perletakan akibat beban luar

F 14 G H
15 500 kg

8
13 4,5 m
12 9 5
10 6

AH=500 kg
1 C 2 D 3 E 4 B
AH=500 kg
1 C 2 D 3 E 4 B
A
500 kg 500 kg 500 kg

3m 33 m
m 3m 3m

AV=917 kg BV = 583 kg

Reaksi Perletakan di A (Sendi), Jadi ada 2 reaksi (Horisontal AH, Reaksi Vertikal AV)

Menghitung AH

SH = 0

AH = 500 kg

Menghitung AV ; Misal AV

SMB = 0 ; + -
AV x 12 - 500 x 3 - 500 x 6 - 500 x 9 - 500

12 AV - 1500 - 3000 - 4500 - 2000

12 AV - 11000 = 0 ; 12 AV = 11000

AV = 11000 / 12 = 917 kg

Menghitung BV ; Misal BV

SMB = 0 ; + -
-BV x 12 + 500 x 3 + 500 x 6 + 500 x 9 - 500

-12 BV + 1500 + 3000 + 4500 - 2000

-12 BV + 7000 ; -12 BV = -7000

BV = -7000 / -12 = 583 kg

KONTROL

SV = 0? + ; -
+ AV + BV - 500 - 500 - 500 = 917 + 583 -

= 1500 - 1500 =

Menghitung Gaya Batang

Berdasarkan Metode Keseimbangan Titik Buhul Gaya batang yang dapat langsung ditentukan

yaitu :

S12 = +500 kg ; S6 = +500 kg ; S9 = 0

S7 = 0 ; S11 = 0

Menentukan gaya batang S1 dan S13

S13y S13 5.41 4.5 Sina = 4.5 /

Cosa = 3 /
a
AH=500 kg
S13x S1 3
A

S13x = S13 Cosa = S13 x

AV=917 kg S13y = S13 Sina = S13 x

SV = 0 + ; -

S13y + AV = 0

0.832 S13 + 917 = 0

0.832 S13 = -917

S13 = -917 / 0.832 = -1102 kg


SH = 0 + ; -

S13x + AH + S1 = 0

0.555 S13 + 500 + S1 = 0

0.555 x -1102 + 500 + S1 = 0

-611 + 500 + S1 = 0

-111 + S1 = 0

S1 = 111 kg

S2 = 111 kg

Menghitung gaya batang S14 dan S10

F S14
S10x

SMD = 0 ; +
S10
4.5 m 13
S10y S14 x 4.5 - AV x 6

12 4.5 S14 + 917 x 6


AH=500 kg S2=111 kg
1 C D 4.5 S14 + 5502
A
500 kg 4.5 S14 + 4002 = 0

3m 3m 4.5 S14 = -4002

AV=917 kg S14 = -4002 / 4.5

S15 = -889 kg

a Sina = 4.5 / 5.41 = 0.832 ; S10x = S10

4.5 Cosa = 3 / 5.41 = 0.555 ; S10y = S10


5.41

SV = 0 + ; -

+ AV - S10y - 500 = 0

917 - 0.832 S10 - 500 = 0

-0.832 S10 + 417 = 0

S10 = -417 / -0.832 = 501 kg

Menghitung gaya batang S8

S15 S8x H
500 kg 5.41 4.5 Sina =

Cosa =
a
S8
S8y 4,5 m 3
5

E 4 B S8x = S8 Cosa =
S3

500 kg S8y = S8 Sina =

3m

BV = 583 kg

SV = 0 + ; -

+ BV - S8y - 500 = 0

583 - 0.832 S8 - 500 = 0

-0.832 S8 + 83 = 0

S8 = -83 / -0.832 = 100 kg


SMH = 0 ; + -

S3 x 4.5 - BV x 3 = 0

4.5 S3 - 583 x 3 = 0

4.5 S3 - 1749 = 0

4.5 S3 = 1749

4.5 S3 = 1749

S3 = 1749 / 4.5 = 389 kg

S4 = 389 kg

4.5 5.41 BV = 583


S5
a

S4 B 3

BV = 583 kg S5 583 583


= ; S5 =
5.41 4.5 4.5

= 701

F 14 G H
15

X1
X1
8
13 4m
12 9 5
10 6
X1

1 C 2 D 3 E 4 B
A

33mm 3m 3m

AV'=0 BV'=0

UNTUK MENCARI a 1i

S11=X1=1

a 112
5.41 4.5
a 112
X1=1

a 12 3 a 12

a112 1 1
= ; a112 = x
4.5 5.4 5.41

= 0.832 (tekan)

a12 1 1
= ; a12 = x
3 5.4 5.41

= 0.555 (tekan)
Persamaan 1

2,033.38 + 14.30 X1 + 1.56 X2 = 0

14.30 X1 + 1.56 X2 = -2,033.38

X1 + 0.11 X2 = -142.18 (Pers. 1)

Persamaan 2

-229.92 + 1.56 X1 + 14.30 X2 = 0

1.56 X1 + 14.30 X2 = 229.92

X1 + 9.18 X2 = 147.61 (Pers. 1)

X1 + 0.11 X2 = -142.18 (Pers. 1)

X1 + 9.18 X2 = 147.61 (Pers. 1) -


-9.07 X2 = -289.79

X2 = -289.79 / -9.07

= 31.94 kg (tarik)

X1 + 0.11 X2 = -142.18

X1 + 0.11 x 31.94 = -142.18

X1 + 3.48 = -142.18
X1 = -142.18 - 3.48

= -145.66 kg (tekan)
ANG STATIS TAK TENTU LUAR (KELEBIHAN PADA BATANG)

25 cm2 = 5 F BAHAN BAJA (ES) = 2,100,000.00 kg/cm2

5 cm2 = 1 F = E

10 cm2 = 2 F

F 14 G H F 14
15

X1
8
4.5m 13
12 9 5 12
10 6 10
X1 +

C 2 D 3 E 4 B A 1 C 2

33mm 3m 3m 3m 3m

UNTUK MENCARI a 1i UNTUK MENCARI a

Si = Sio+a 1i.X1+a 2i.X2


(Si .a 2i.Li)/(Ei.Fi)
O
(a 1i .Li)/(Ei.Fi)
2
(a 2i .Li)/(Ei.Fi)
2
(a 1i.a 2i.Li)/(Ei.Fi)
kg

0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 111.33

0.00 /EF 0.18 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 192.13

-129.36 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.18 /EF 0.00 /EF 370.95


0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 388.67

0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF -700.68

-936.06 /EF 0.00 /EF 1.56 /EF 0.00 /EF 473.42

0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 31.94

539.50 /EF 0.00 /EF 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 131.70

0.00 /EF 1.56 /EF 1.56 /EF 1.56 /EF 94.62

0.00 /EF 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 355.51

0.00 /EF 5.41 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF -145.66

0.00 /EF 1.56 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 621.20

0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF -1,102.10

0.00 /EF 0.18 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.00 /EF -808.54

295.99 /EF 0.00 /EF 0.18 /EF 0.00 /EF -907.05

500.00

917.00

583.00

-229.92 /EF 14.30 /EF 14.30 /EF 1.56 /EF


x 4 = 0

= 0

x 4 = 0

= 0

= 0
1500

0 (O.K)

5.41 = 0.832 5.41 4.5

5.41 = 0.555 S13 AV =


a

AH+S1

0.555 = 0.555 S13

0.832 = 0.832 S13

AH+S1 917 500+S1 917


= ; =
3 4.5 3 4.5

917
500+S1 = x 3
4.5

S1 = 611 - 500

S1 = 111 kg
-

- 500 x 3 = 0

- 1500 = 0

- 1500 = 0

= -889 kg

Cosa = S10 x 0.555 = 0.555 S10

Sina = S10 x 0.832 = 0.832 S10


4.5 / 5.41 = 0.832

3 / 5.41 = 0.555

S8 x 0.555 = 0.555 S8

S8 x 0.832 = 0.832 S8
S5

S4

x 5.41

701 kg (tekan)
4.5

(tekan)

(tekan)
Dibagi 14.30 (koefesien X1)

Dibagi 1.56 (koefesien X1)


NG)

G H
15

X2
8
4.5m
9 5
10 6
X2

2 D 3 E 4 B

3m 3m

UNTUK MENCARI a 2i

+a 1i.X1+a 2i.X2 Tekan/

kg Tarik

111.33 TARIK

192.13 TARIK

370.95 TARIK
388.67 TARIK

-700.68 TEKAN

473.42 TARIK

31.94 TARIK

131.70 TARIK

94.62 TARIK

355.51 TARIK

-145.66 TEKAN

621.20 TARIK

-1,102.10 TEKAN

-808.54 TEKAN

-907.05 TEKAN

500.00

917.00

583.00
S13 917
=
5.41 4.5
917

917
S13 = x 5.41
4.5

= 1102 kg

917
4.5