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SOLUCIONARIO DE EXAMEN

Alumno:
Caldern Quispe, Gilmer

Universidad Nacional San Cristbal de Huamanga


Ingenieria Civil
Ayacucho - Per
Ingeniera Civil Gilmer Caldern Q.

1. Problema N1
Que Valor de I limita a 4 pulgadas el desplazamiento vertical del punto D del marco
mostrado E = 30000Klb/pulg 2

20Klb

C
B
10pies

1Klb/pie

D
20pies P=0

20Klb

C
A B
10pies 20pies 10pies 10pies

P+20

1.1. Solucion x
400+30P D
Aplicando el teorema de castigliano P = 0
P=0
s
T ramo Intervalo y M y M
x P
DC 0 X 101 0 2x=y 0
CE 0 X 101 PX X
EB 101 X 301 P X 20 (X 10) X
BA 0 X 10
A
10pies 20pies 10pies
4tn/m
10tn P+20

x
400+30P

s
1Klb/pie y y
3m x
2x=y

2m 3m 5m
4tn/m
y 2 6m
m = 10tn
(400 + 30p) (p + 20) x
2

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3m
Ingeniera Civil Gilmer Caldern Q.
20Klb

C
B
10pies
m = (400 + 30p) (p + 20) x 2x2
1 x
cos = 5 = ds 1Klb/pie
= 5dx
y 5
m D
= 30
20pies x
p P=0
10 30 10
1
Z
1
Z Z
400 20x 2x2 (30 x) 5dx

v = (px) (x) dx + [20 (x 10)] [x] dx +
ei ei
0 10 0

Al integrar
A
10pies 20pies 10pies
[544273.709 = 4EI
544273.709x123 = 4x30000I P+20

I = 7837.54pulg2 x
400+30P

s
y y
2. Problema N2 x
2x=y

Dibujar el diagrama de momentos flectores la inercia de las barras horizontales es I1


y de las verticales I2 sabiendo que la relacion entre ellas es I1 = 2I2

4tn/m
10tn

3m

2m 3m 5m
6m

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Ingeniera Civil Gilmer Caldern Q.

2.1. Solucin

Calculo de las rigideces relativas


   
1 4 2 1 3
K12 = = 0.25 ; K23 = = 0.4 ; K36 = = 0.25
3 3 5 3 4
1
K45 = = 0.167
6
Coeficientes de distribucion
0.25 0.4
C12 = 1 ; C21 = = 0.385 ; C23 = = 0.615
0.25 + 0.4 0.25 + 0.4
0.4 0.4
C32 = = C34 = 0.5 ; C43 = = 0.706
0.4 + 0.4 0.4 + 0.167
0.167
C45 = = 0.294 ; C63 = 0 C54 = 0
0.4 + 0.67
Momentos de empotramiento
0 0
M20 = 7.2 M32 = 4.8
0 0
M34 = 8.333 M43 = 8.333
0 0
M12 = M21 = 0
0 0
M36 = M63 =0
0 0
M45 = M54 = 0

9.477 -9.477
-1.121 0.001 0.001 2.770
-0.002 -0.001 -0.001 -0.003
0.004 0.009 0.009 0.004
-0.015 -0.08 -0.009 -0.018
0.025 0.050 0.050 0.025
-0.092 -0.046 -0.053 -0.106
0.150 0.300 0.300 0.150
-0.561 -0.280 -0.322 -0.644
0.912 1.823 1.823 0.912
5.658 2.829 -2.942 -5.833
-7.2 4.8 -8.333 8.333
0.615 0.5 0.5 0.706
2 3 4
-0.002
-0.010
-0.058
-0.351

0.294

-2.450
-0.268
-0.044
-0.007
-0.001
-2.770
0.385
3.121

3.542
0

6m
0
0
1

0
-1.225
-0.134
-0.022
-0.004

-1.385
0
0
1

0
0
0

1 6 5

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0.249 -0.249
Ingeniera Civil Gilmer Caldern Q.

Debido al desplazamiento

3m 9.477 -9.477
-1.121 0.001 0.001 2.770
-0.002 -0.001 -0.001 -0.003
0.004 0.009 0.009 0.004
-0.015 -0.08 -0.009 -0.018
2m 0.025 3m 0.050 0.050 0.025 5m
-0.092 -0.046 -0.053 -0.106 6m
0.150 0.300 0.300 0.150
-0.561 -0.280 -0.322 -0.644
0.912 1.823 1.823 0.912
5.658 2.829 -2.942 -5.833
B
-7.2 4.8 -8.333 8.333
0.615 0.5 0.5 0.706
2 3 4
-0.002
-0.010
-0.058
-0.351

0.294

-2.450
-0.268
-0.044
-0.007
-0.001
-2.770
0.385
3.121

3.542
0

6m
0
0
1

0
-1.225
-0.134
-0.022
-0.004

-1.385
0
0
1

0
0
0

0
3EI 3EI
M12 = 1 = 4 6
M63 = 5
= 4
9 9
0 0 6EI
M45 = M54 = = 2
36

0.249 -0.249
2.237 1.241
0.001 0 0 0.001
-0.002 -0.005 -0.005 -0.002
0.008 0.004 0.005 0.009
-0.013 -0.027 -0.027 -0.013
-2.237
0.049 0.025 0.028 0.056
3I -0.08 -0.160 -0.160 -0.080 2.5m
6.5tn/m
0.298 0.149 0.171 0.342
-0.434 -0.968 -0.968 -0.484
2.46 1.230 0.706 1.142
B
0 0 0 0
2I
0.615 0.5 0.5 0.706
2 B3 4
-2.237

-4

0.588
0.142
0.024
0.004
0.001
-1.241
0.294
0.385

2m
0.005
0.005
0.031
0.186
1.54

0
0
1

0
0.294
0.071
0.012
0.002

-1.621
0

-4
-4
1

0
0

-2

1 6 5

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Ingeniera Civil Gilmer Caldern Q.

Cortantes de cross sin desplazamiento

1
Q12 = (3.121) = 1.040
3
Q63 = 0
1
Q54 = (1.385 2.770) = 0.693
6
Cortantes de cross con desplazamiento

1
Q12 = (2.237) = 0.746
3
1
Q63 = (4) = 1.333
3
1
Q54 = (1.621 1.241) = 0.477
6
1.040 + 0.693 + x (0.746 + 1.333 + 0.477) = 0
x = 0.136

momentos finales
M12 =0
M21 = 3.121 + 0.136 (2.237) = 2.82
M23 = 1.121 + 0.136 (2.237) = 2.82
M32 = 9.477 + 0.136 (0.249) = +9.51
M34 = 9.477 + 0.136 (0.249) = 9.51
M43 = 2.770 + 0.136 (1.241) = 2.94
M45 = 2.770 + 0.136 (1.241) = 2.94
M54 = 1.385 + 0.136 (1.621) = 1.61

Diagramas

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Ingeniera Civil Gilmer Caldern Q.

Fuerzas axiales

Fuerzas Cortantes
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Ingeniera Civil Gilmer Caldern Q.

3m

2m 3m 5m
6m

Momentos flectores

3. Problema N3
Desarrollar la siguiente por el meodo de slope deflection

3I 2.5m
6.5tn/m

2I

2m

2tn/m 2I 4m

3m 5m

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Ingeniera Civil Gilmer Caldern Q.

3.1. Solicin

-2.237
0.005
0.005
0.031
0.186
D
3I 2.5m
6.5tn/m

E 2I F
B

2m

2tn/m 2I 4m

A
3m 5m

Planteando las escuaciones se tiene


M63 = 0.136 (4) = 0.54
2E (2I)
MAB = (B ) 5.333 = 0.667EIB 5.333
6
MBA = 2E (2I) (2B ) + 3.556 = 1.333EIB + 3.556
MEF = 3E (2I) 2E 5.417 = 1.6EIE 5.417
2E (2I)
MF E = (E ) + 8.125 = 0.8EIE + 8.125
5
2E (3I)
MCD = (C + D ) = 3.073EIC + 1.536EID
3.91
2E (3I)
MDC = (C + 2D ) = 1.536EIC + 3.073EID
3.91
Ecuaciones de equilibrio
MBA = 0
MCD = 0
MDC = 0
MEF = 0

1.333EIB + 3.556 = 0 EIB = 2.667


3.073EIC + 1.536EID = 0 EIB = 2.667
1.536EIC + 3.073EID = 0

remplazando
1.6EIE 5.417 = 0 EIE = 3.385
MAB = 7.111
MF E = 10.833
MCD = MDC = MBA = MEF = 0

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Ingeniera Civil Gilmer Caldern Q.

Fuerzas axiales

Fuerzas cortantes Momentos flectores

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