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Chapter 1 Prologue

Terima kasih banyak atas pilihan produk kami!


Deteksi cacat ultrasonik banyak digunakan dalam mendeteksi dan mengkarakterisasi cacat
internal bahan rekayasa seperti logam, plastik, dan komposit. gelombang suara frekuensi tinggi
mencerminkan dari retak, void, dan diskontinuitas materi lainnya, memproduksi pola gema khas.
Produk ini terutama untuk mendeteksi logam.
Digital Ultrasonic Flaw Detector model PXUT-350C adalah instrumen portabel dan
kompak dengan desain operasi yang mudah digunakan. Perlengkapan instrumen berfitur lengkap
untuk semua persyaratan deteksi cacat.
Dan itu juga merupakan instrumen berteknologi tinggi dengan desain canggih dan
perawatan ekstra. Sehingga dikenal dengan kualitas dan daya tahannya.

Anda bisa menghubungi kami dengan cara di bawah, jika Anda memiliki pertanyaan.
Tel: +86-513-85280328, 85296971
E-mail: sale@ut-world.com
Website: http://www.ylndt.com http://www.ut-world.com/

Catatan penting:
1. Gunakan listrik yang ditentukan yang kami maksud dalam dokumen ini.
2. Jangan gunakan charger jika stekernya kehilangan kontak.
3. Jika tidak menggunakan kawat yang kami sediakan, beban kawat yang Anda gunakan
harus melebihi yang kami sediakan.
4. Instrumen harus diletakkan di tempat yang kering dan bersih, dan hindari getaran yang
terlalu besar.
5. Jika instrumen tidak bekerja untuk waktu yang lama, setidaknya harus digembungkan
sebulan sekali.
6. Bila Anda menghubungkan instrumen dengan peralatan lain, pastikan daya dimatikan.
7. Saat mencetak, printer memerlukan kabel yang ditentukan yang kami sediakan.
8. Jika instrumen itu tidak normal, Anda bisa menghubungi kami atau agen kami setiap saat
di hari kerja.
9. Jika unit rusak jangan dibuka instrumennya. Jika perlu diperbaiki, silahkan hubungi
kami.

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Specifications:
Jangkauan Frekuensi 0.415.0 Mhz
Rentang jangkauan 110dB0.11.02.06.0 in stepping
Kisaran dinamis 30dB
linieritas vertikal 4%
linearitas horizontal 1%
Jangkauan Deteksi 06000 mmlongitudinal wave in steel
Resolusi Instrumental 30dB(2.5P20)
Batas sensitifitas 55dB200mm2 flat bottom hole2.5P20
Tipe Probe Single,double and through transmission probe
Beam path displacement 05800mmlongitudinal wave in steel
Gate Wave accessing gate,lose gate
Tampilan TFT Color LCD
Power supply 16V DC220V10%50Hz AC
Beratt 1.4Kgwith battery

Catatan
Indikator ini diukur pada pita filter 2.5M, metode deteksi gelombang penuh
untuk kasus FW.

Bab 2 Fungsi Keypad

Page: 2
1/0 : Record 0 : Delay / penekan
/ / 2 : gerbang gelombang : pilihan
1_/() 2abc 3 : Channel / pengaturan : pemeriksaan
3def 4ghi 4 : Nol / Test # : Kembali
/ / / K 5 : Gain / Kompensasi Enter : Konfirmasi / 2ndF
8tuv 6 : Kisaran akustik / skala
5jkl
6mno 7pqrs 7 : Kecepatan suara /
/ Standar
9wx 8 : Nilai K
yz 0-
+ 9 : fungsi
+ -
/2ndf

CH / SET: adalah menggeser saluran dengan menekan tombol + atau -.


Channel digunakan untuk menyimpan setting, yang siap mendeteksi cacat, dan juga
menyimpan hasil deteksi. Ada sepuluh saluran dalam instrumen ini. Satu saluran dapat
menyimpan satu set data.
Bila Anda telah memilih saluran, di sudut kiri atas, prompt "CH x" dengan sorotan
ditampilkan. Sementara itu Anda bisa mengganti saluran dengan menekan tombol + atau -.
Tekan tombol ini untuk menampilkan menu pengaturan seperti berikut ini:
Tekan tombol Enter dapat mengganti CH ke pengaturan parameter. Dalam proses deteksi
beberapa parameter mungkin sering berubah. Menu pengaturan ditampilkan seperti berikut:

1.Probe Type
2.Probe Frequency
3.Crystal Size
4.Angle Value
5.Sound Velocity
6.Probe Front DIS.
7.Filter Band
8.Echo Mode

1. Jenis probe memiliki tiga pilihan: Straight, Angle, dan Dual. Dan jika item ini berubah,
banyak parameter lain harus dimodifikasi secara bersamaan.
2. Ukuran Crystal dan Frekuensi probe, kedua item ini, parameternya perlu memasukkan nilai
nominal probe. Bila Anda perlu memasukkan tanda perkalian, Anda bisa menggunakan titik
di keypad untuk menggantinya. Yaitu 9.13 menunjukkan bahwa kalikan 9 sampai 13.
3. Nilai sudut adalah sudut transduser.
4. Kecepatan suara juga diuji bersamaan dengan offset nol secara umum, dan dapat diinput
langsung pada item ini. Nilai itu harus antara 1000 sampai 9999 m / s.

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5. Jarak depan probe bisa diuji bersamaan dengan pengujian zero offset. Dan itu juga bisa
diinput secara langsung jika sudah diketahui nilainya terlebih dahulu.
6. Filter Band memiliki empat pilihan: 2.5MHz, 5.0MHz dan wide.
7. Mode echo memiliki empat pilihan : FULL WAVE, HALF + WAVE, HALF - WAVE and RF
WAVE.

Nol / Uji: menekan tombol ini dua kali, sebuah menu ditampilkan seperti berikut:

1. Zero Offset
2. Angle
3. DAC Curves
4. AVG Curves
5. Performance

Anda bisa memilih item yang sesuai untuk melakukan apa yang Anda butuhkan. Kunci
Return bisa membuat Anda keluar dari menu ini tanpa menyimpannya.
Semua parameter dalam status awal instrumen yang telah kita atur mungkin tidak sesuai
dengan yang sebenarnya. Seperti nilai K probe, kecepatan suara, dan offset nol dll. Jadi, Anda
perlu mengkalibrasi instrumen sebelum melakukan deteksi untuk memastikan hasil pendeteksian
dengan tepat.
Anda telah menguji offset nol dari probe sudut dengan instrumen ini, kemudian
menemukan gema tertinggi dari lubang dalam yang diketahui, seperti kedalaman 20mm, pada
blok uji oleh probe ini, lalu untuk menyesuaikan jalur balok, gain, dan gerbang. untuk membuat
Gema di gerbang dan 60% layar, dan atur nilai K sampai instrumen memberikan nilai kedalaman
gema sama dengan 20mm, di sini nilai K sebenarnya adalah satu dari probe yang Anda gunakan.
Penyesuaian offset nol:
Bila Anda telah memilih nol offset, pojok kiri atas memberi prompt "ZERO" dengan
sorotan. Kunci + atau - bisa mengubahnya. Jika offset nol berubah, gema akan bergerak di
cakrawala dan parameter lainnya juga berubah.

Current page 1 Total page 2 Current page 2Total page 2


1.Beam Range Scale 1.Thickness
2.Surface Compensation 2.Outer radius
3.Gate
Menu: menu Detection
tombol Method
ini seperti berikut ini: 3.B Gate Purpose
4.Printer 4.Key Alarm
5.Equivalent Reference 5.Unit
6.Equivalent Display 6.Referential Wave Height
7.Rejection
Page: 4 8.Sizing
9.Evaluation
Dalam proses deteksi beberapa parameter mungkin sering berubah dan yang lainnya hampir
tidak berubah. Yang tidak berubah ini tercantum dalam menu parameter agar bisa di-preset.
Ada 13 item dalam menu ini, karena tingginya layar, tampilan menu sebenarnya adalah 9 item.
Tapi Anda bisa menggulir menu untuk melihat item lainnya dengan memutar kenop. Dan bekerja
sama dengan nomor kunci Anda bisa memodifikasi parameter yang sesuai. Jika Anda salah
memasukkan nomor kunci untuk memilih barang yang tidak Anda butuhkan, Anda bisa
menekannya lagi untuk menghindarinya.
Rincian untuk item menu ini:
1. Skala jalur balok memiliki tiga pilihan: Range Y, Range X, dan S Range. Anda bisa
menggunakan tombol angka satu sampai tiga untuk memilihnya.
2. Nilai kompensasi Permukaan harus antara 0,1 sampai 50 dB, dan nilai yang Anda
masukkan harus sesuai dengan permukaan kopling dari potongan kerja.
3. Pilihan printer adalah memilih printer yang akan Anda gunakan untuk mencetak.
Ada tiga pilihan: Epson LQ300K, HP 6L, Epson C61. Pilihan pertama adalah
printer konvensional, jika printer HP atau Canon laser printer, Anda bisa memilih
HP 6L, printer Epson Anda harus memilih Epson C61.
4. Equivalent Reference memiliki empat pilihan: Original, Rejection, Sizing, and
Evaluation. Pilihan ini menentukan standar nilai ekivalen gema cacat di gerbang.
Dan mereka tersedia saat DAC dibuat. Nilai Penolakan, Ukuran, dan Evaluasi harus
antara -50 sampai +50 dB, dan nilai ketiganya harus menurun pada gilirannya, jika
tidak instrumennya mungkin tidak dapat diterima.
5. B Gate Purpose memiliki dua pilihan: Lose and Get. Tujuannya akan bergeser Get
or Lose.
6. Alarm Kunci memiliki dua pilihan: ON dan OFF. Pilih ON, alarm akan memberi
suara tajam dengan menekan tombol, jika tidak alarm tidak akan bekerja.
7. Unit: saat Anda mengklik nomor tiga, ukurannya akan bergeser mm atau inci
Catatan: semua pengaturan yang dikonfirmasi tersedia saat Anda dan keluar dari menu ini.
Dan saat Anda memilih Angle, di pojok kiri atas sebuah "nilai K" prompt dengan sorotan
ditampilkan di samping "CH". Sementara tombol + atau - bisa mengubahnya. Karena nilai K

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diubah, unit jalur balok, sudut pembiasan dan parameter lokasi gema diubah sesuai, namun
bentuk gema pada layar tidak berubah. Menurut dokumen Anda dapat menguji nilai K dari probe
sudut.

Gain: Bila Anda telah memilih fungsi ini, pojok kiri atas memberi "Gain Gain" prompt dengan
sorot. Angka 0.1, 1.0, 2.0, atau 6.0 di samping prompt adalah langkah-langkah penguatan.
Mereka menunjukkan masing-masing 0.1dB, 1.0dB, 2.0dB, dan 6.0dB. Dalam status gain yang
berubah, Anda dapat menekan tombol ini berulang-ulang untuk mengubah langkah keuntungan,
dan gunakan tombol + atau - untuk menyesuaikan gain.
Dan operasi kompensasi sama saja dengan itu.

Range: Juga merupakan kunci majemuk yang digunakan untuk mengatur rentang balok dan
Skala. Tekan tombol ini dan Enter Dapat beralih fungsi antara Gain dan Range.
Penyesuaian of the beam path:
Bila Anda telah memilih rentang balok, dengan menekan tombol ini berulang kali Anda
dapat beralih ke langkah 1 atau langkah 2. Langkah 1 adalah penyesuaian yang bagus, langkah 2
adalah penyesuaian samar. Jika beam path berubah, gema yang menampilkan layar juga akan
meluas atau terkompres. And the DAC/AVG will be too, if you have made the DAC/AVG curve.
Adjustment of the scale:
When you have chosen scale, by pressing the Entry key, you can switch scale of beam path:
X range, Y range, S range.

Delay/REJ: is also a compound key using to adjust the delay and reject. Press this key and Enter
can switch function between Delay and REJ.
Adjustment of the delay:
When you have chosen delay, by pressing this key repeatedly you can switch in step 1 or
step 2. The step 1 change 1mm once time. The changeable value of step 2 is one half of the
screen. And key + or is used to adjust them.
Adjustment of the reject:
After you have chosen reject, by pressing Enter key. The changeable value is 0.5%. And the
key + or is used to adjust them.

VEL/STD: The sound velocity is also tested together with the zero offset generally, and can be
inputted directly in this item. The value of it must between 1000 to 9999 m/s.
Standard is the standard of detect, you can chose standard according to work-piece.

Gate: is a compound key using to adjust the parameters of wave-in and wave-out gate that is gate
A and B. Press this key and Enter can switch gate type between Gate A and Gate B.

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When you have chosen gate, by pressing this key repeatedly you can switch in the three
parameters: start, width, and level. And the key + or can change its corresponding parameters.
The gate can be classified two types: normal gate and DAC gate which can be switch in the
Function menu.
Function: the menu of this key (i.e. function) like the following:

0. Initialization
1. Echo Envelope
2. Peak Memory
3. Alarm
4. DAC Gate
5. DAC Compensation

If you have selected one item of the menu, it will show with a high-light.
Details for this menu item:
0. Initialization is to delete the data you will not use it again.
If you have chosen this item, a dialog can be seen:

Initialization
1. Current Channel
2. All Channel
3. Flaw Record
4. Detector

Note: the deleted data can not be recovered, so you need careful
1. Echo Envelope records the continuous peaks in gate and give a envelop line displaying
on the screen. According to the shape of envelope, you can find the highest echo of
defect easily.
Note: this function can not be used together with the peak memory.
2. Peak Memory is to record the highest echoes while in the same gain, which have ever
been in the gate, and display on the screen.
Note: this function can not be used together with the Echo envelope.
3. Alarm: is to give a sharp sound while the height of flaw wave higher than the height of
get gate of lower than the height of lose gate.
4. DAC Gate is to give an alarm according to the equivalent not the absolute height of the
echo. This item is available after the DAC/AVG have been made. This function can not
be used together with the DAC compensation.
5. Distance Amplitude Compensation is also called DAC compensation or distance
amplitude correction. This function is to reduce the difference between the heights of
the same size defects echoes in different place of the work-piece. Just after the DAC

Page: 7
compensation is available, the DAC/AVG will change to a line. The echoes in the A
gate get compensation, and their heights are changed, but the parameters in the
parameter zone are former ones. The interfering waves are also compensated, but you
need not to mind them. What you need to do is to adjust the A gate to make the
interfering waves be out of the gate.
Note: this function can not be available together with DAC gate, at the same time, the
function will be available after DAC/AVG have been made.

Other Function
When all the parameters are steady in the parameter zone, you can press key Enter to freeze
the screen. And then, a flash cursor is on one peak of the echoes, you can press key + or key - to
move the cursor to the next peak. The parameter zone will show the value of the peaks location
and equivalent where the cursor is. Pressing key Return, you can exit. But, if there is no echo
which height is higher then 10 percent of the screen, these functions will be unavailable.

Save: is to save the file you need. If you have chosen this item, the instrument will give a prompt
ID: xxxxxxxx to clue you to input some characters as a file name which must be less than 8
characters. After you confirm the ID, the instrument saves the wave form, the detection setting
and detection data. Completing the operation said above, the instrument is back to detection state
automatically. The instrument can store up 800 waveforms with corresponding flaw detection
data. If the storage is full, it will give a prompt memory is full. And you can delete some
useless data to save the new one. The data saved in the instrument will not be lost, unless it is
deleted manually.
(If you have set the echo envelope or peak memory available, the instrument would query
whether you want to save the envelope or peak before the Record menu show.)

Review: the menu of this key like the following:

1. Print Screen
2. Data Process

If some data needs processing in the course of flaw detection, you can use the function of
Review.
1. Print Screen is special for print out the screen display. If you want to use this function,
Please connect the printer with the instrument which is power off. The specific operation steps
are following:
a. Connecting the printer to the power-off instrument with the specific transducer cable
provided by us.
b. To turn on the power of the printer first, then, the flaw detector.

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c. Press the key Review to see its menu.
d. Press the number key 2 to print out the contents of the current screen.
Note: you should select the printer model you are using in the menu of Menu before printing. If
the printer and detector do not connect well, or the print paper dose not fit well, the instrument
will give a prompt the printer is unprepared. And the prompt flash thrice before it disappears.
Then you can connect the printer and the power-off detector again.
2. Data Process is to deal with the data file you have saved before. Its menu like the
following, if you have chosen this item in menu of Review:
REVIEW
1.Date
2.ID
3.Screen
4.Delete
5.Report
6.Recall

Here, there are three ways to seek the data files:


a. Pressing the key + or -, you can browse the data files in sequence of the ID.
b. Pressing the key 1, the instrument will seek the file by the date you input.
c. Pressing the key 2, the instrument will seek the file by the ID you input.
The fourth item Delete is to delete the useless data file you have just found.
Documentation Print is to print out detailed documentation of detection report. After
completing print, the instrument is back to the previous status automatically.
Selecting the sixth item Recall would overwrite the channel 15th with the current data files.
A new message box shown on the screen indicates that CH15 OVERWRITE. Pressing the key N
(6) can return. Pressing the key Y(9) would enter the channel 15th and all the parameters of
channel 15th would be replaced by those of the data files you have selected before.

Return: the function of this key is to back to the last step you have just operated. Or, when you
need to input character, you must press it first.

Enter: this key is to confirm an operation you have just done. Or, you can use it to choose other
function of a compound key.

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Chapter 3 Performance Test
In testing status all the menu functions are shielded. They will resume after the test or your break
test. In testing status you can exit any time by pressing Return. All parameters become their
originally before the testing status.
Zero offset test:
In the Test menu you chose the first item Zero Offset, a dialog is to be shown like following:

1. Sound Velocity
m/s
2. 1st beam-path
mm
3. 2nd beam-path
mm
start testing

You can set the first item according to the probe type you using. Generally if the probe is
normal or double crystal, you set 5900, and the angle probe is to set 3230.
The 2nd beam path must be bigger than the 1 st beam path. If you chose the default value
distance, it will test the sound velocity together with zero offset.
The following are four samples of the zero offset tests:
Sample 1: Use 100mm thick flat-bottomed test block to test the sound velocity of normal
probe, set the wave mode as longitudinal and the 1st beam path as 100mm, and the type of beam
path as distance, then you can press key Enter to begin test. A prompt will be seen at the top
right corner in the wave-form zone.

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Press , when peak
in gate at the
distance of 100mm

As the illustration right, you only need to move the probe on block to
make the highest echo of reflector show in A gate, and the amplitude is stable,
then you press key Enter, the instrument will change the beam path, gain, gate start
automatically to make the twice echo show in gate, and the beam path is automatically changed
to 200mm in the parameter zone, here you need to keep the probe stable, and when the twice
echo is steady, you press key Enter, the instrument will calculate the value of zero offset and
sound velocity. If you press key Y to confirm the instrument will store them automatically.
Sample 2: Testing the zero offset and sound velocity of the angle probe by test block CSK-
IA, first, you set the wave mode as transverse, the first beam path as 50mm, and the type of
beam path as distance, and after you confirm these parameters you have just set,
the instrument starts testing.
Second, when seeing a prompt like the one in sample 1, you
move the probe on the test block CSK-IA (illustration top right) to
make the highest echoes of reflectors show on the wave form zone,
moreover the one of R50 arc is in A gate (the height of it is about percent 60 of the screen.), then
you measure the distance of probe and R50 arc and confirm it. And when the steady echo of
R100 arc is also in gate, confirm it again.
The last, the instrument itself calculates the sound velocity and zero offset, after you
confirm them, it will store them automatically. Then input the value of the horizontal distance
you have just measured, when the screen shows the prompt The distance of the probe and first
reflector.
If you use the test block IIW to test the sound velocity, you should input the first beam path
as 100mm, and other steps are the same with the test block CSK-IA.
Note:
When you are testing the value of zero offset, you could not modify the delay, change the
compensation and gain, and shift the channel.
Before you confirm the echo, you should make sure that there is a prompt zero at the top
left corner on the screen.
All the inputted data in samples is only an example, you could input them according to
actual case.
Angle value test: in test menu, you choose the second item Angle, and then you could do
following the prompts the instrument gives.
You need to input the parameters according to the probe and test block you used. And the
instrument will preset the value of gain, beam path, gate, and etc according to the parameters you

Page: 11
have just inputted. If the difference is too large between the values of parameters you input and
the actual ones, it may bring on an error. Then you need to input the proper value and test again.
Sample 1: To test the actual Angle value of the probe of which the nominal K value is 1.5
by test block CSK-IA or IIW with a 50 hole.
First, the depth, diameter of the reflector and the K value are respectively inputted as
70mm, 50mm, and 1.5, and then you could press key Enter to start testing. The instrument will
give a prompt in the top right corner:
Press , when peak
in gate at the
distance of 70 mm

Then, locate the probe and test block as the illustration right, and you move the probe to
make the highest echo of reflector (hole of diameter 50) in A gate. And after you confirm it, the
instrument itself calculates the K value, and then you could confirm and store the test results.
Sample 2: To test the actual K value of the probe of which nominal K value is 1.5 by test
block CSK-IIIA with a 40mm deep, 1 hole. The depth, diameter of the reflector and the K
value respectively are inputted as 40mm, 1mm, and 1.5, and then you press key Enter to start
testing. A prompt at the top right corner of the screen is similar to the sample 1.

Locate the probe on test block as the illustration right, and you move the probe to make the
highest echo of reflector ( 1 and 40mm depth) show in A gate. And after you confirm it, the
instrument itself calculates the Angle value, and then you could confirm and store the test
results.
In order to adapt all sorts of possibility, the instrument will change the sound scale as S viz.
distance. In sample 1, if the inputted K value equals the actual one, or is close to the actual one,
the path of the wave in test block may be 101mm. But in general test process, the A gate is be set
between grid three to five, the instrument makes the highest echo of reflector as at grid four as
possible. And the instrument makes the 101 divide by 4, that is to say the unit of beam path is
25.2mm/D, so the prompt given by instrument is depth 70mm, but at the bottom of screen the
value may be 100mm according to the ruler, the value is the value of beam path viz. distance,
and is not the deep value. And you can refer to first example in the chapter example of detection.

Note:
If the sound velocity and zero offset are not calibrated, they may bring on an error K value.

Page: 12
So you should calibrate them first.
The depth of reflector is the distance between the block surface and the center of reflector.
Only when the prompt Angle value is shown on the screen and the echo is about 60
percent, you could confirm it.
While you are testing the Angle value, you could not modify the delay, change the
compensation and gain, shift the channel.
If the difference between value of nominal angle and the value of actual angel is too big .it
results in the highest echo is not in A gate. Here, you could adjust the beam path and parameter
of A gate to make the echo be in gate.

DAC: in the test menu, select DAC, you will see a prompt: Test zero & angle? Y/N. If you
press the key Y , the instrument will test the zero offset and K value at first, then do the DAC.
Otherwise, you press the N , there will be a dialogue in the screen:

1. Max. Detection Depth mm


2. Reflector Diameter mm
3. Reflector Length mm
Press , start testing
Press <- to correct

After inputted data, then pressing the Enter, the instrument begins to make the DAC. The
parameter zone, on the left top of the screen, it will show three characters DAC, on the right
top of the wave form zone, a prompt dialogue is shown:
press +/- to select
echopress to exit
At the process of making the DAC, you can change the parameters of gate, gain, beam
path, etc. But, you need to input the parameters as probe type, K value, sound velocity of work-
piece, and so on .Manually before DAC making.
Moving the probe on the test block, when you see the highest echo, to keep the probe
stable, and you must adjust the gain to keep the needing wave at the percent of 40-80 of the
screen. Then you can press Return to exit parameter adjustment. At the state of DAC, you can
press - to freeze the waveform, then a cursor will be seen on the peak of one wave. Continued
pressing key -, to select the next peak. At the same time, the parameter zone will show the
corresponding data such as the location of the peak, the height of the wave, and etc. You can use
+ to select the echo, and after the first point is located, the waveform is to be unfrozen. Then,
you can move the probe again to locate the next point. If one point of the three seems a little low,
due to you did not find the most proper echo. And this bring on the improper DAC, you also can
reset the improper point by the following way. Pressing the key -, to make sure that the cursor on

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the improper peak, continued pressing key + to select the point of the peak again. When all the
points are located (generally three points), you can press Enter to store it and the DAC will be
created automatically by the instrument itself.
AVG: The process of making AVG is similar to the process of making DAC.
There is an example in chapter example of detection.
Note: if the zero offset, K value is not calibrated, the DAC may be wrong. So you should test the
zero offset and K value first.
When the wide of A gate is smaller than the wide of two grids of the screen, the instrument
will adjust the gain automatically, to make sure that the height of echo in the gate is 60 percent
of the screen.
The waveform frozen function can be used when there are DAC characters in the
parameter zone, and there is an echo at least whose height is higher than 10 percent of the
screen.

Chapter 4 Examples of Detection


The chapters above have detailed basic functions of this instrument and how to use it. Now,
we give some examples to introduce the operation of this instrument in particular.
DAC with angle probe
Requirement assumption:
1. Work-piece: 30mm thick steel plate with welding line.
2. Probe: K2, 2.5P10*6, single.
3. Test Block: CSK-IA,CSK-IIIA
4. DAC:
Points of DAC6(10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60)
RL+5 dB
SL-3 dB
EL-9 dB

Brief Instruction: the step how to achieve to the function.


Method 1: automatic test
a. Start detector
Make the power on, press the key to show the detection interface, then you connect the
probe with detector to make sure it in gear status.
b. Choose channel
Press CH and by the key + or - to choose one channel.
c. Clear

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In the Function menu, choose the item Initialization to clear current channel.
d. Set parameters
In the menu of Set, set the probe as angle, the frequency as 2.5MHz, the crystal size as
13*13. The other parameters can be inputted in the process of test or after it. And then press
Enter to exit the parameters menu.
e. debugging
(I) In menu of Test choose the item DAC and press + to test zero offset, sound
velocity and K value at first.
(II) Test zero offset and sound velocity
Set the wave mode as transverse i.e.3230m/s, and the beam path is inputted
50mm, after you confirm the parameters you inputted, move the probe on CSK-IA
test block to make the highest echo of R50 show in gate (that is A gate, if the echo
is not in, you can move A gate.), then confirm it, keep the probe stable, when the
echo of R100 rises (or decline) to 60 percent, confirm it again, now, you can press
+ to save the test value, at the same time, measure the distance from probe to R50
by a ruler, i.e. the L in the illustration following.

Front distance =50-L

L
R50
Illustration R100

(III) Test K value.


Input the depth of reflector as 30mm, the diameter as 50mm, and input K
value as 2 for the probe, after you confirm these parameters, move the probe on
CSK-IA test block to make the highest echo of 50 hole in A gate, and confirm it,
then you can press + to save test value.
(IV) DAC
Input 40mm as maxi-depth, 1.0mm as diameter of reflector, and 6mm as
length of reflector, and confirm them when all the parameters have been inputted
completely. Thereafter, you need to move the probe on CSK-IIIA test block to find
the highest echo of the hole which locates in 10mm depth of the test block. The
instrument adjusts gain automatically to make the highest echo of this 10mm deep
hole is about 60 percent of the screen. Then yon can see DAC in the parameter
zone, and press to make cursor on the top of the highest echo. Now you can see
the parameters of this echo in parameter zone, and then, press + to confirm this
echo, you can see a line on the screen that is as high as the echos peak. Move the

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probe again to seek the highest echo of the next hole which locates in 20mm depth
of the test block, then you press to make the cursor on the top of this echo and
press + to confirm it, you will see the original made by the two points of the two
highest echoes peaks. By the same way, you can seek the highest echoes of holes
which locate in 30mm, 40mm, 50mm, and 60mm depth of the test block. After the
points are sought, and you confirm them, the DAC original is made.
(V) Other parameters
Press Set, in the sixth item of it input the front distance just tested, and set the
RL as 5dB, the SL as -3dB, the EL as -9dB, then you can input the compensation
value according to the surface roughness of work-piece. Herein the debugging is
complete. If you make sure that the debugging and setting are right, you could
carry the power-off detector to do the actual detection. All the parameters are not
lost with the power-off detector.




DAC illustration
f. Actual Detection
The actual detection is almost sameness with the process we said above. By adjusting
gain, beam-path and gate, to make the defects wave form and parameter location show on
the screen of detector. If you need to store the wave form of defect, you could press Record
to do it. Repeat the steps of detection above, until all the detection has been completed. Then
the instrument can be power off, but the data of detection you have just tested wont be lose,
if you have saved them.
g. Documentation Print
Connect the power-off instrument with the printer while the instrument power off, and
use the cable provided by us. Thereafter, turn on the printer and instrument, press Record
and choose the third item to go to the data processing status, now you can press + or to
seek the file needing print. The last step is to press key 4 to complete the documentation
print.

Method 2: manual test


Premising the K value of probe (1.98), front distance, sound velocity (3230m/s), and other
nominal you have known, then you could do the following:
a. Start detector
Make the power on, then you connect the probe with detector to make sure it in gear.

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b. Choose channel
Press CH and by the key + or - to choose one channel.
c. Clear
In the Function menu, choose the ninth item parameters clear to clear current channel.
d. Set parameters
In the menu of Set, set the probe as angle, the K value as 1.98, the frequency as 2.5MHz, the
crystal size as 13*13, the front distance as 10.5, the velocity as 3230m/s, the RL as 5dB, the
SL as -3dB, the EL as -9dB, and the surface compensation according to the actual need.
Thereafter press Return to exit the setting menu.
e. debugging
(I) In menu of Test choose the third item DAC and press - to make DAC directly.
(II) Set the max. detection depth as 40mm, set the reflector diameter as 1.0mm, and the
reflector length as 6mm, after you confirm the parameters you inputted, move the
probe on CSK-IIIA test block to make the highest echo of 20mm-depth hole show
in gate (that is A gate, if the echo is not in, you can move A gate.), and the height of
it must be 40%-80% of the screen. Thereafter press Gain repeatedly until the
parameter zone show the characters ZERO, and then press + or to make the
20mm-depth holes highest echo value in parameter zone as 20mm or near 20mm,
now the zero offset has been adjusted completely and you can start to make DAC.
(III) Other operation can refer to method 1.

AVG by normal probe


Requirement on the assumption:
1. Work-piece: 200mm thick steel plate.
2. Probe: 2, 2.5P10*6, single.
3. Test Block: CSK-IA,CS-1-5
Brief Instruction:
a. Start detector
Make the power on, and then you connect the probe with detector to make sure it in gear.
b. Choose channel
Press CH and by the key + or - to choose one channel.
c. Clear
In the Function menu, choose the ninth item parameters clear to clear current channel.
d. Set parameters
In the menu of Set, set the probe as normal, the frequency as 2.5MHz, The crystal size as
20.0. The other parameters can be inputted in the process of test or after it. And then press
Return to exit the setting menu.
e. debugging

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(I) test zero offset and sound velocity
In the test menu choose first item zero offset, and set the wave mode as
longitudinal i.e. 5900m/s, the beam path as 100mm. After you confirm these parameters,
move the probe on CSK-IA test block to make the 100mm-depth-flat-bottoms highest
echo appear in the A gate, confirm it and keep the probe stable, then wait for its second
echo until it rises or declines 60 percent of the screen. Now, you can confirm it again,
and press + to store the test data.
(II) AVG
In test menu, choose the third item to select DAC, and press to make the AVG
curve directly. Input 200mm as the maximum detection depth, and 2.0mm as the
diameter of the reflector, and the length of the reflector can be ignored. After you
confirm these parameters you have just inputted, move the probe on CS-1-5 test
block to find the highest echo of 200mm-depth hole and make it be 40%-80% of
the screen. Then, you can see that characters DAC in the parameters zone, and
press to make the cursor be on the top of the highest echo, meanwhile, you can
see that all the parameters of this echo are in the parameter zone, and press + to
confirm it, a line, high as the echos peak, is shown on the screen. Press Enter it
will change to AVG curve and press + to store it.
Other operations can refer to sample 1.
Note:
When making AVG curve, you need to pay attention to the frequency of probe, the size of
crystal, and the parameters to see that they are proper.
When making AVG curve, in theory the instrument calculates the data out of thrice near
field. In the thrice near field it only shows line. If the depth value of the test block you used is
too small, the test may use multiple echoes to make the needed echo out of the thrice near field.
It is unavailable to change the RL, SL, and EL, after making AVG curve.

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Chapter 5 Frequent Questions Answer appendix

1. Different results by the same condition and operation, why?


Due to the coupling, handle, and direction and location of probe, and etc., these can result in
some different test result. This phenomenon is natural as long as the difference is in the allowed
range.
2. The parameters in parameter zone always get a tiny variety, why?
Whether or not there is an echo in screen, the parameters may get a little variety in decimal
fraction. This is a natural phenomenon because of the little fluctuate of echoes. And the noise of
instrument can also bring on the phenomenon with the probe detaching with the instrument.
3. There is a sound warning or no echo, when turn on the instrument immediately after turning
off Why?
This is due to the interval of power on and off which is too short. You need waiting for 30
seconds at least, to turn on the instrument after turning it off.
4. The K value of the probe does not equal tangent value of refracting angle, why?
This error is because of the precise of the instrument, but the error range is under 0.5
degree. This does not influence the precision of detection. Recommend you to use the value of
the refracted angle, and this can avert the error.
5. Hang-up in operation, and can not start again, why?
By violent shaking, miss operating, or other reasons, the memorizer is in disarray, thereby
the instrument is hang-up. Here, you can restart the instrument after 30 seconds, if it is still
abnormal, you should initialize it. But initialization may bring on the data you have stored loss.

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So you should print the data in time, which needs print, or you can transfer the data to computer
to back up.
6. Amplitude is low in near region, when making DAC curve. Why?
The coupling between the probe and test block is bad, so the highest echo can not been
found. And the influence is in near field region, which brings on this error.
7. The shape of the DAC is not perfect, why?
This is due to the points of the echoes you colleted is not the highest ones.
8. When making DAC, the highest echoes of 10mm and 20mm are found, but the highest echo of
30mm can not been found, why?
Before making DAC, you should confirm the sound velocity of work-piece, the offset set,
and the K value. Above all the reject must be zero, and otherwise the echo will not be shown if
its height is under the value of reject.
9. The location of vertical is exact, but the horizontal is not, why?
Zero offset and K value test are not exact; the front distance is not exact; the start of the
gate is too left, and the height of flaw echo is lower than the height of noise and initial pulse in
gate; if the front distance is 0mm, the horizontal value should be the horizontal distance between
center where the sound beam launched; if the front distance is a test value, the horizontal value
should be the horizontal distance between the front of probe and flaw; if the front distance is not
exact, the horizontal value is not exact either.
If these FAQ do not address your needs, please send us an e-mail,
master@ntuniondata.com, with your question.
Malfunctions, and to deal with the malfunctions
1. Instrument can not start
(I) Examine the power, and see whether the indicator light is on or not, or you can
connect the charger and start the instrument.
(II) Press the power key repeatedly, but the interval is at least 30 seconds.
(III) Connect to the charger, and press the power key repeatedly.
(IV) If the ways above are not available, you connect it to the charger and press the
power key repeatedly after powering it off for 30 minutes.
2. No echo
(I) Is the connection of probe and instrument right?
(II) Is the setting about the probe right?
(III) Is the line of probe right; is the connection of probe and line right? You can use a
forceps to contact the core of probe outlet, if there are noises on screen, the
instrument should be right.
(IV) Are the gain, offset, and beam path right?
(V) Is the reject too big? You can try to set reject as 0
(VI) Examined the item above, if it still can not solve this trouble, you could contact us.

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3. Can not print
(I) Is the cable provided by us?
(II) Is the cable of connection right?
(III) Is the print paper prepared ok?
(IV) Is printer compatible with EPSON LQ-1600K?
(V) Does the printer work in gear?
4. Key is unavailable
(I) The key is locked, that is to say, you should not press the key to operate on the
corresponding step.
(II) The location of key you pressed dose not reach the designated position.
(III) Your operation dose not follows the prompt the instrument gives.
5. The screen is in disarray, and the next operation is unavailable.
(I) To turn off the instrument, then you can turn it on after 1 minute.
(II) To initialize the instrument.
6. The data files were lost
(I) Do you do the deletion?
(II) Does the instrument clash violently?
(III) Dose the instrument not turn on or charge for a long time?
7. The interfering noise is distinct, the echoes continue moving or flickering.
(I) The connection of probe and line is loose contact
(II) There is interference on power line or charger. You can remove the charger using
battery directly.
(III) The probe or probe line is so close to the screen that it brings on radiation.
(IV) It is interfered by electromagnetic wave, so you should be away electromagnetic
wave.
8. No echoes by double crystal probe
(I) Is the probe setting right?
(II) Is the test range under probe focus?
(III) Is the sensitivity too low?
9. Can not making DAC
(I) When collecting the test point to make DAC, you do not press to freeze echo.
(II) When you press -, the prompt in parameter zone is not DAC.
(III) When you press -, the amplitude of echo is too low.
Data Inputting
You can press number key to input corresponding number, and you need to press key Enter
to confirm it.
How to input English letters and other special characters?
When the instrument prompts you to input the ID of the data file, presses key Return

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repeatedly to change input wanys:123, abc and ABC.
123 : input digital number
abc: input lowercase
ABC: input capital letter
Press enter key to confirm the ID of data file.
How to input the negative?
When you input number, the first digit you input 0, the second is not decimal, and the
instrument will regard it as a negative.
How to exit inputting status?
If you inputted nothing, you can press Enter to exit, otherwise, you press Eenter, it will
store the data you inputted, and you also could press Return twice to exit without any store.
How to modify the date and time?
After starting the instrument and press Return repeatedly, the cursor will flash in
corresponding position where you could modify it by pressing corresponding number key, then
you need to press Enter to affirm.
How to use the batteries?
1. If the instrument has not been used for a long time, it needs to be electrified for one
time a month at least.
2. The life of batteries has the specific time. If the time of charging and discharging is
abnormal, you should replace the batteries as soon as possibly.
3. Dont be short circuit.
4. Using it up if possible before recharging, to extend the batteries life.
5. After charging completely, please remove the charger to avoid discharging by it.
How to keep the instrument clean?
1. To keep the instrument in a dry and clean place.
2. To avoiding water and oil, and often clean the surface.
How to transport the instrument?
Before transporting, it needs packing to avoid shock, water, and damp.
Accessories
Package List 1 copy
Particular Paper 1 copy
Quality Certificate 1 copy
Operation Manual 1 copy

We offer one year warranty and a life time repair.


If you got any question, Please contact us in time.

Page: 22
Appendix Stylebook of Detection Report
Ultrasonic Flaw Report
Current page Total page
Duty DEP. Report NO. DAC
Commission DEP. Detect Part
Work-piece Name Detect Ratio
Work-piece NO. Detect Time
Work-piece Specs Standard
Material Kind Grade
Surface Status Detect position
Heat Treatment S range 67.5 mm
Coupling X range 60.3 mm
Detector NO. Orientation Y Y range 30.2 mm
Probe Number Probe type Angle Equivalent 1 6 -0.8 dB

Probe Frequency 2.5MHz Front size 11mm Length


ProbeAngle 2.0 /63.4 High
Sensitivity 43.7+0.0 +0.0 dB AssessGrade

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Flaw echo & Curves lines:

Check Result

Detector Date Principal Date

Copyright 2008, The Union Digital Technology Development Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
Any unauthorized copying, editing of this document is strictly prohibited.
UNION and other respective logos, are trademarks or registered trademarks of our
company in China and other countries. All other trademarks belong to their respective owners.

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