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# DESIGN CALCULATION OF SPILLWAY GATE

1 Design data
Type Radial gate
Max.Flood level 337 m
High water level336 m
Low water level 336 m
Crest El. 340 m
Clear span 14 m
Height 11 m
Design head-H 11 m
Quantity 2 sets
All.stress-SS400 1200 kg/cm2
All.stress-SM490 1600 kg/cm2
Corr.all. 2 mm

R= 1.25 * H
= 1.25*11
= 13.75 m
sin /2= h/2
R
= 5.5
trh
= 0.4
/2 = 23.58 o
= 47.16 o
<= 0.26 radiant

## 3 Arc length of gate

L= R * (< in radiant)
= 3.14*13.75 *0.26
= 11.31 m

## 4 Spacing of horizontal girder

(a) Number of girder-N, according to standard for H= 8.5 to 12 =
3
(b) Water pressure, t/m2 spacing, m kg/cm2
p0 = 0.000 0.000
a
2.245
b1 = 3.726

p1 = 4.491 4.491
b
6.134
b2 = 3.189

p2 = 7.778 7.778
c 8.910
b3 = 2.644
9.559
p3 = 10.042 10.042
d
b4 = 1.441 10.521
p4 = 11.000 11.000
e 11.000

5 Vertical stiffeners
5.1 Bending moment on vertical stiffeners
M ab= p1*b1^2/6
= 4.49*3.73^2/6
= 10.391 tm
= 1,039,086 kg-cm

M cb & bc = (p1*b2^2/12)+(p2*b2^2/12)
= (4.49*3.19^2/12)+(7.78*3.19^2/12)
= 10.40 tm
= 1,039,761 kg-cm

M cd & dc = (p2*b3^2/12)+(p3*b3^2/12)
= (7.78*2.64^2/12)+(10.04*2.64^2/12)
= 10.38 tm
= 1,038,110 kg-cm

M de = (p3*b4^2/2)+(p4*b4^2/3)
= (10.04*1.44^2/2)+(11*1.44^2/3)
= 10.43 tm
= 1,042,558 kg-cm
Max. bending moment- Mb max.
Mb max. = 1,042,558 kg-cm

## 5.2 Number of vertical stiffeners

Spacing, s = 0.60 m
N= (B/s)+1
= 14/0.6+1
= 24

## 5.3 Bending stress

cd = Mmax = 1042557.53
Zxl 815.90

= 1042557.53
815.90
= 1,277.80 tf/cm2

## Material: JIS G 3101 SS400

H B Tw Tf
I mm 450 200 9 14
Cor.all. mm 1
I x1 = 18,195 cm4
Z x1= 816 cm3
Aw = 77.54 cm2
G= 60.87 kg/m
5.4 Weight of vertical stiffener
Gst = N * L * G
= 24*11.31*60.87
= 16,753.18 kgs
6 Horizontal girder
6.1 The end frames shall be fixed at about 0.2 * B distance from each end.

## Distance of end frame from each end of the gate, e

b= 0.2 * B
= 0.2 *14
= 2.8 m
= 280 cm
Distance between end frames
e= B - ( 2*b )
= 14 -(2 *2.8)
= 8.4 m
= 840 cm

## 6.2 Loads acting on horizontal girder

(1) Beam B
wb = wb1 + wb2
wb1 = (p0 + 2 * p1) * b1
6
= (0 + 2 * 4.49) * 3.73 = 5.577 tf/m
6
wb2 = (2 * p1 + p2) * b2
6
= (2 * 4.49 + 7.78) * 3.19 = 8.908 tf/m
6
wb = 5.577 + 8.908 = 14.485 tf/m
= 144.85 kgf/cm
(2) Beam C
wc = wc1 + wc2
wc1 = (p1 + 2 * p2) * b2 =
6
(4.49 + 2 * 7.78) * 3.19 = 63.930
6 6
= 10.66 tf/m
wc2 = (2 * p2 + p3) * b3 =
6
= (2 * 7.78 + 10.04) * 2.64 = 94.23
6 6
= 15.71 t/m

## wc= 10.66 + 15.71 = 26.36 tf/m

= 263.60 tf/cm
(3) Beam D
wd= wd1 + wd2
wd1 = (p2 + 2 * p3) * b3
6
= (7.78 + 2 * 10.04) * 2.64 = 12.278 tf/m
6
wd2 = (2 * p3 + p4) * b4
6
(2 * 10.04 + 11) * 10.52 = 7.465 tf/m
6
wd = 12.278 + 7.465 = 19.743 tf/m
= 197.43 kg/cm

## wmax = = 263.60 kg/cm

MBA = wmax * b ^2 = 263.6 * 280 ^2
2 2
11,356,240.00
2
= 5,678,120.00 kg-cm
6.3 Bending stress
BC = MBC = 5678120
Zxl 10454.64
= 11356240
10454.64
Upper girder = 1,086.24 kgf/cm2
Material: JIS G 3101 SS400
H B Tw Tf
I mm 900 400 25 25
Cor.all. mm 1

I x1 = 468,368 cm4
Z x1= 10,455 cm3
Aw = 379.50 cm2
G= 297.91 kg/m

## 6.4 Weight of horizontal girder

Gst = N * B * G
= 3*14*297.91
= 166,828.20 kgs

7 Skin plate
From the practical safety consideration the thickness of skin plates is of not less than 10 mm.

s = K * a^2 * p
100 x t^2

## 7.2 Result of calculation

k= 50
a b b/a p t
(cm) (cm) (kgf/cm2) (cm) s
60 372.600 6.21 2.245 1.80 (kgf/cm2)
60 318.900 5.315 6.134 2.80 1247.4
60 264.400 4.407 8.910 3.80 1408.4
60 144.100 2.402 10.521 3.80 1110.6
allowable bending stress SM-490 1311.5
Corrosion allowance 0.2 cm
Thickness of skin plate 1 20 mm
2 30 mm
3 40 mm
4 40 mm
7.3 Weight of skin plate, G=W * H * t * g
Width-W Height-H Thickness-t Weight-G
(dm) (dm) (dm) (kg)
1 140 37.26 0.2 8,189.75
2 140 31.89 0.3 10,514.13
3 140 26.44 0.4 11,623.02
4 140 14.41 0.4 6,334.64
5 Total 36,661.54

## 8 Total weight of moving parts exluding end frame

Weight of vertical stiffener = 16,753.18 kgs
Weight horizontal girder = 166,828.20 kgs
Weight of skin plate = 36,661.54 kgs
Total = 220,242.92 kgs

9 Friction force
9.1 Friction force on pin
Assume pin pin diameter -df = 600 mm
= 0.3 m
Friction between bronze and steel- ff = 0.25

## (a) Maximum horizontal thrust on pin, P=

P= B * H^2
2*n
where n = number of end frame = 2
= 14 *11^2 = 484
2*2 4
= 121 tf
(b) Friction force on pin
Fp = P * ff = 121 * 0.25
= 30.3 tf
( c) Load due to friction- Tp
Tp * R = Fp * r
Tp = Fp * r / R = 30.25 *0.3 / 13.75
where = 0.66 tf
R= Radius of radial gate
Fp = Friction force on pin
R= Radius of pin

## 9.2 Friction force due to seal rubber

Assume width of seal bears water pressure - wr = 50 mm
= 0.05 m
Pressure area of rubber - ar = 2*L*wr = 2*11.31*0.05
= 1.13 m2
Average water pressure - pw = 5.578 t/m2
Friction coefisien between rubber and steel- fr = 1.1
Load due to friction of rubber seal - Tr
Tr = pw * ar * fr = 5.58*1.13*1.1
= 6.94 tf
10 Center of gravity
DESCRIPTIONS WEIGHT DISTANCE MOMENT
(kgs) (mm) (kgs.-mm)
1 gate leaf 220,243 11,311 2,491,162,385
2 end frame 24,575 6,875 168,953,560
3 total 244,818 2,660,115,945
4 center of gravity 10,866 from center of pin

center
of
gravity

## 11 Steel wire rope

11.1 Tension on Steel wire rope in normal condition
diameter, d 35 mm
breaking strength, T kgf
unit weight, Wc 90 kg/m
Taking length of wire rope - Lc = 12.31 m
Tension in wire rope due to its own weight = 1.11 tf
Total tension in one side of wire rope in normal condition - Wc
Wc = (Gg+Gf+Tr)/2 = 220.24+1.96+6.94/2
where = 114.57 tf
Gg = weight of gate leaf = 220.24 tf
Df = portion of end frame weight at wire rope position
(Dwg.3) = 1.96 tf

## 11.2 Tension on wire rope in Emergeny condition

(a) Related dimensions
span - B = 14 m
Radius - R = 13.75 m
tan A =B/R = 13.75/14 = 0.98
angle < A = 44.48 o
(i) Nearest distance from pin to diagonal line of another pin to the edge of gate leaf - "X"

X/B= SIN(A)
X= sin(A)*B = 9.81 m
angel < D = = 45.49 o
(ii) Distance from intersection of diagonal line and gate center line to pin centerline - "Y"

Y/X = SIN(D)
y= sin(D)*X 7.00 m
( iii) C of G = = 10.87 m
from center of pin
(iv) Distance from intersection of diagonal line and gate center line to center of gravity - "Z"

Z= 10.87-7 = 3.87 m
(v) Nearest distance from c.g to diagonal line of another pin to the edge of gate leaf - "p"

p= sin(D)*X = 2.758 m
(Dwg.4)

(b) Moments
Taking moment about vertical plane passing through diagonal line

Gg*p = Rd*X
(i) Reaction at point d, Rd
Rd = Gg * p
X
= 110.12*2.76 = 303.68
9.81 9.81
= 30.94 tf
(downward)

(ii) Taking moment about vertical plane passing through wire rope line P-Q

## Rd*Cc - Gg*Dc = Ra*Bc

Ra = reaction at point A

Ra = (Rd*Cc) - (Gg*Dc )
Bc
= (30.94*0.6) - (110.12*6.4) = (686.21)
13.4 13.4
= (51.21) tf
(upward)
where
Cc = nearest distance of wire rope from point D 0.6 m
Gg = Load on c.g/2 110.12 tf
Dc = nearest distance of wire rope from point c.g 6.4 m
Bc = nearest distance of wire rope from point A 13.4 m

## (iii) Tension in emergency

Taking moment about vertical plane passing through D, parallel to line AK

X*(Ra+T')=Gg*(X+Cc)
(Ra*X)+(T'*X)=Gg*(X+Cc)
T'*X=Gg*(X+Cc)-(Ra*X)
T'*X= Gg*(X+Cc)-(Ra*X)
T' = 110.12*(9.81+0.6)-(-51.21*9.81)
9.81
= 1,649.35 = 168.13 tf
9.81

T=

Clear
span,B
b

B C

"p
"
"Z
"
O
90
o
"X
"
"Y
"
A D

## Dwg.7 - Basic arrangement of upper

structure
12 End frame
12.1 Axial loads on end frame members
(a) Axial load
wb = 14.49 t/m
wc = 26.36 t/m
wd = 19.74 t/m
w max = 26.36 t/m

F= wmax * B /2
= 26.36 *14/2
= 621.52 tf

## ( c) Inclined component along the line of end member - F'

Radius - R = 13.75 m
Angle of end frame inclination - = 11.51 o
Length of end frame - L = R / cos () = 13.75/-0.87
= 15.80 m
F' = F*L/R = 621.52*15.8/13.75
= 713.98 tf
(d) Profil for end frames
Upper girder
Material: JIS G 3101 SS400
H B Tw Tf
Double-I mm 750 300 30 30
Cor.all. mm 1
I x1 = 586,564 cm4
Z x1= 15,726 cm3
Aw = 722.40 cm2
G= 567.08 kg/m

## (e) Bending moment - Bm

length of end frame, L' = L - (hf+hg) = 14.45 m
where
L = incline distance of end frame = 15.80 m
hf = height of vertical stiffeners web = - m
hg = height of horizontal girders web = - m

Bm = G * L'^2
8
= 567.08 *(14.45)^2
8
= 118,331
8
= 14,791.40 kgm

## (f) Bending stress - Sb

Sb = Bm*100 + F'
z A
= 14791.4*100 + 713.98*1000
15725.57 722.4
= 1,479,140.40 + 713975.11
15725.57 722.4
= 94.06 + 988.34
= 1,082.40 kg/cm2

## (g) Weight of one element of end frame

Gst = L' * G
= 14.45*567.08 = 8,191.69 kgs

## Total weight- Gef = N * Gst = 24,575.06 kgs

N = number of arm = 3