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P E TA P O T E N S I P LT B D I I N D O N E S I A D A N H A S I L K A J I A N AWA L D I 1 0 L O K A S I

Peta Potensi Pembangkit Listrik


Tenaga Bayu (PLTB)
di Indonesia dan Hasil Kajian Awal
PLTB di 10 Lokasi
Disusun berdasarkan Wind Resource Assessment

Map of Potential Locations


for Wind Power Generation in Indonesia
and Pre-Feasibility Studies in 10 Locations
Based on Wind Resource Assessment

B2TE-BPPT Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong #620 Wi n d H yb r i d Powe r G e n e r at i o n


Tangerang Selatan,15314 - Indonesia M ar k e ti n g D e ve l op me n t I n i tia t i ve
Telp/Fax : +62 21 756 0940 - +62 21 756 5670
www.whypgen-bppt.com W H yPG e n - BPPT
Avg Wind Speed 5.15 m/s
PEUKAN BADA at 50 m heights
ACEH BESAR Potential Wind Power
Generation 90 MW*

POTENTIAL WIND POWER GENERATIONS


BUNGOMEME Avg Wind Speed 5.48 m/s BITUNG
Avg Wind Speed 5.97 m/s
at 50 m heights
NORTH Potential Wind Power
IN INDONESIA
GORONTALO at 50 m heights
MINAHASA Generation 50 MW** (Study at 23 locations in Indonesia)
PALASA TANGKI Avg Wind Speed 5.88 m/s
PARIGI at 50 m heights
MOUTONG

Avg Wind Speed 5.99 m/s


PELAPIS ISLAND
at 50 m heights
NORTH Potential Wind Power
KAYONG Generation 0.06 MW*

WATTANG Avg Wind Speed 7.04 m/s


at 50 m heights
PULU
Potential Wind Power
SIDRAP Generation 100 MW**

Avg Wind Speed 6.1m/s


TANJUNG
at 50 m heights
TINGGI Potential Wind Power
BELITUNG Generation 5 MW*

PUNAGA Avg Wind Speed 4.78 m/s


Avg Wind Speed 6.95 m/s ADI JAYA at 50 m heights
LAIKANG at 50 m heights
TAKALAR KAIMANA Potential Wind Power
Generation 0.1 MW**
BARON Avg Wind Speed 5.8 m/s
at 50 m heights
GUNUNG Avg Wind Speed 4.0 m/s
Potential Wind Power BUNGAIYA
KIDUL Generation 15.3 MW* at 24 m heights
Avg Wind Speed 8.11 m/s SELAYAR
Potential Wind Power
ARUNGKEKE at 50 m heights ISLAND Generation 10 MW**
JENEPONTO Potential Wind Power
Generation 132.5 MW***

Avg Wind Speed 5.5 m/s


MUARA at 50 m heights
BINUANGEUN Potential Wind Power
LEBAK Generation 68 MW*
Avg Wind Speed 4.1 m/s
Avg Wind Speed 6.6 m/s PANDANSIMO at 50 m heights
CIEMAS at 50 m heights BANTUL Potential Wind Power
SUKABUMI Potential Wind Power Generation 50 MW***
Generation 50 MW* Avg Wind Speed 5.32 m/s TEMBERE
HARJOWINANGUN at 60 m heights Avg Wind Speed 4.54m/s
Avg Wind Speed 6.6 m/s WEST NUSA at 50 m heights
CIKELET at 50 m heights PURWOREJO Potential Wind Power TENGGARA Avg Wind Speed 6.7 m/s
OELBUBUK
Generation 90 MW* at 50 m heights
GARUT Potential Wind Power TIMOR TENGAH
Generation 68 MW* NUSA PENIDA Avg Wind Speed 4.9 m/s PALAKAHEMBI Avg Wind Speed 5.4 m/s Potential Wind Power
GUNUNG Avg Wind Speed 5.47 m/s SELATAN
* Based on WHyPGen Pre-Feasibility Study at spesific area KLUNGKUNG at 20 m heights EAST at 50 m heights Generation 15 MW*
SELOK at 60 m heights SUMBA
Potential Wind Power
** Estimated from WHyPGen Wind Resources Assessment Generation 5.1 MW*
(WRA) on Potential Area CILACAP Avg Wind Speed 6.99 m/s
WEST KUPANG at 50 m heights
*** Based on Technology Developers Plan
KUPANG Potential Wind Power
Generation 50 MW**
Pengantar
Indonesia memiliki beberapa lokasi yang potensial untuk pengembangan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Bayu (PLTB).
Mulai dari Aceh, selatan pulau Jawa, Nusa Tenggara, Selatan dan Utara Sulawesi, Kepulauan di Timur Indonesia sampai
dengan Papua adalah beberapa lokasi yang potensial untuk pengaplikasian PLTB.

Mulai dari pembangkit skala besar yang terhubung dengan jaringan, sampai skala kecil di daerah pesisir dan
pulau-pulai terpencil, potensi ini harus didata, dipetakan dan dikembangkan.

Untuk mendapatkan data potensi ini secara lengkap, maka perlu dilakukan Wind Resources Assessment (WRA) agar
didapatkan perkiraan besaran energi yang dapat dibangkitkan di lokasi tersebut. Hasil dari WRA ini sangat menujang
untuk membangun studi kelayakan PLTB yang lengkap.

WHyPGen-BPPT bertujuan untuk mendorong implementasi dan aplikasi PLTB di Indonesia. WHyPGen-BPPT telah
menyelesaikan WRA pada 23 lokasi dan melakukan kajian awal pada 10 lokasi yang potensial di Indonesia.

Peta ini berisi data kecepatan angin, arah dominan, dan rapat daya pada lokasi yang spesifik. Peta ini dapat dijadikan
dasar untuk mengidentifikasi dan mengembankan PLTB di area tersebut.

Kami harapkan peta, WRA dan kajian awal ini akan mendorong aplikasi PLTB di Indonesia.

Dr. Andhika Prastawa, MSEE


Kepala Balai Besar Teknologi Energi, BPPT
National Project Director WHyPGen-BPPT

Preface
Indonesia has several location that potential to generate wind power generation (WPG). From Aceh, Southern part of Java,
East Nusa Tenggara, South and North Sulawesi, Islands of Eastern part of Indonesia until Papua at certain area have a
potential to implementation of wind power generation.

Ranging from the large-scale connected to the existing grid to small-scale coastal and isolated islands, this potential must
be recorded, measured, mapped and developed.

To obtain complete data about it, it is necessary to do Wind Resources Assessment (WRA) to estimate the future energy
production of a WPG at certain area. The results of WRA are needed to develop a more complete wind farm Feasibility Study
(FS).

Base on WHyPGen mission to encourage implementaion of wind energy in Indonesia. WHyPGen-BPPT has completed WRA
on 23 potential locations and pre-FS on 10 location in Indonesia.

This map will show the wind speed, wind direction and the potential power density at specific locations. This map could be
use as the basis to identified and develop the potential WPG in the area.

We hope this maps, WRA and pre-FS will encourage the application of WPG in Indonesia.

Dr. Andhika Prastawa, MSEE


Head of Energy Technology Center, BPPT
National Project Director WHyPGen-BPPT
Metodologi WRA

Wind Resources Assessment (WRA) dalam studi ini disusun menggunakan WASP (wind analysis
application program), dengan didukung beberapa perangkat lunak seperti: global Mapper,
Surfer dan Peta Editor.

Data yang digunakan dalam studi ini sebagai input untuk WASP adalah:
Data Angin berdasarkan pengukuran in-situ dengan minimum periode 1 tahun
pengukuran.

Data angin lainnya dalam bentuk time series berupa kecepatan dan arah angin (re-analisis
dari downscaling data 3TIER).

Data kondisi lapangan (terrain) yang digunakan diambil dari Digital Elevation Model
(DEM) yang diperoleh dari satelit atau pesawat ruang angkasa Shuttle Radar Topographic
Mission (SRTM) dengan resolusi 90m.

Data mengenai luas tutupan lahan diperoleh dari Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa
Nasional (LAPAN) dari Pusat Pengindraan Jarak Jauh, yang diaplikasikan pada peta vector
dengan menggunakansoftware Map Editor.

Luas area yang dikaji adalah 20km (dihitung dari jarak terhadap titik referensi di lokasi).

WRA Modeling Method


The process of preparation of Wind Resources Assessment (WRA), the use of WAsP (Wind Analysis
Application Program), with supporting several software such as : Global Mapper, Surfer and Map
Editor.

In this work, the following state of the art freely available sources of data have been used, input data
for WasP :
Wind data, in situ the measurement mast, with minimum 1 year period.

Others wind data from Mesoscale time series, speed and direction (re-analysis of data from
3TIER downscaling).

Terrain that the data used was taken from the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) - Satellite or
spacecraft of Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM), 90m resolution.

Roughness length is taken from National Institue of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) at Data
and Remote Sensing Center, is overlaid into vector maps by using Map Editor software.

The area of analysis which is 20 km (magnitude of the point of reference sites).


Contents
Preface i
WRA Modeling Method ii
Contents iii

Wind Resources Assessment (WRA)


Peukan Bada, Aceh Besar 1
Tanjung Tinggi, Belitung 2
Betok (Pulau Karimata), Kayong Utara 3
Padang (Pulau Karimata), Kayong Utara 4
Pulau Pelapis, Kayong Utara 5
Muara Binuangeun, Lebak 6
Ciemas, Sukabumi 7
Cikelet, Garut 8
Bukit Srandil, Cilacap 9
Harjobinangun, Cilacap 10
Pantai Baron, Gunung Kidul 11
Pantai Pandansimo, Bantul 12
Pulau Nusa Penida, Klungkung 13
Tembere, Lombok Timur 14
Laipori, Sumba Timur 15
Lifuleo, Kupang Barat 16
Oelbubuk, Timor Tengah Selatan 17
Bungaiya, Selayar 18
Arungkeke, Jeneponto 19
Punaga Laikang, Takalar 20
Waitang Pulu, Sidrap 21
Palasa, Parigi Moutong 22
Tada, Parigi Moutong 23
Bungomeme, Gorontalo 24
Bitung, Minahasa Utara 25
Mapoaana, Buton 26
Burangasi, Buton Selatan 27
Kaimana, Kaimana 28
Nusa Ulan, Kaimana 29
Adijaya, Kaimana 30

Pre-Feasibility Study
Peukan Bada 01, Aceh Besar 31
Peukan Bada 02, Aceh Besar 32
Peukan Bada 03, Aceh Besar 33
Tanjung Tinggi, Belitung 34
Betok (Pulau Karimata), Kayong Utara 35
Padang (Pulau Karimata), Kayong Utara 36
Pulau Pelapis, Kayong Utara 37
Muara Binuangeun, Lebak 38
Ciemas, Sukabumi 39
Cikelet, Garut 40
Harjobinangun, Purworejo 41
Pantai Baron, Gunung Kidul 42
Laipori, Sumba Timur 43
Oelbubuk, Timor Tengah Selatan 44
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Wind Energy Potential in Indonesia
(Based on 10 pre-FS locations in Indonesia)

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