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BINOMIAL THEOREM

## By:- Nishant Gupta

For any help contact:
9953168795, 9268789880
Content marketed & distributed by FaaDoOEngineers.com

BINOMIAL THEOREM

Expansion :
(x + y)n = n C0 x n y o n C1x n1y1 n C2 x n2 y 2 .... n Cn y n where n N

## General term : Tr+1 = n

C r x n r y r
n r 1
Number of terms is C r 1 (Where r is no. of different Variables)
Coefficients :
(1+ x) n = Co + C1x + C2x2 + .. + Cnxn
Sum of binomial coefficients : Co + C1 + C2 + . + Cn = 2n
Sum of even &odd binomial coefficients is same Co + C2 + C4 + = C1 + C3 + C5 + = 2n-1
n (n 1) 2 n (n 1)( n 2) 3
For rational index (1 + x)n =1+ nx + x+ x + Where | x | < 1 & n can be v e or
2! 3!
fraction.
n (n 1)( n 2)..............(n r 1). r
General term : Tr+1 = x , (1 + x)n
r!
n (n 1)( n 2)..............(n r 1). r
Tr+1 = x , (1 + x) n
r!
n
r 2 , if n is even
Middle term in (x + y) n Tr+1 =
r n 1 & n 1 if n is odd.
2 2
n
r 2 , if n is even
Greatest coefficient is n
Cr
r n 1 & n 1 if n is odd.
2 2
n 1
Important tools: n
Cr n Cr 1 Cr 1
n
Cr n 1 r
n
(Ratio of two consecutive coefficients)
C r 1 r
n n 1
n
Cr C r 1
r

## Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85

Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880
Content marketed & distributed by FaaDoOEngineers.com

To find sum of binomial coefficients just put all the variables equal to 1.
i.e. for (x 3y + 4z + 2t)1884 (1 3 + 4 + 2)1884 = 41884
n 1 r c n 1
Greatest term in (a + x)n at x = c is 1 . Or CHECK
r a x
1
a
if is an integer (say m) then greatest term is Tm+1= Tm
If its integral part is m then greatest term is Tm+1
If coefficients rth, ( r+1)th, ( r +2)th terms in (1+x)n are in A.P. then r=( n n 2 )/2
Try to remember : CoCr + C1Cr+1 + C2Cr+2 + . = 2n C n r

Cn

## Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85

Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880
Content marketed & distributed by FaaDoOEngineers.com
ASSIGNMENT
BINOMIAL THEOREM
3
x3 2 9
BASIC c9
x 2
(c) 12
2
1. No. of terms in 2x 3y 4z 10 is

## (a) 64 (b) 65 (d) N/T

(c) 66 (d) N/T 8. The ratio of the coefficient of x15 to the term
15
2
5
6
independent of x in x 2 is
3 x
2. The coefficient of x5 in x is
3
x (a) 1/4 (b) 1/16
(a) 0 (b) 120 (c) 1/32 (d) 1/64
(c) 420 (d) 540 2 1
11

## 3. If the 4 th term in the expansion of 9. If coefficient of x7 in ax and x -7 in

n bx
1 5
ax is , then the values of a and n : 1
11
x 2 ax 2 are equal, then ab is
1
bx
(a) are ,6 (b) 6 (a) 1 (b) 2
2
(c) are 1/2, 3 (d) can not be found. (c) 3 (d) 4

## 5 x 2 14 10. Number of terms in ( 1+x )101 ( 1+x 2 x ) 100 is

4. Coefficient of middle term in ( ) is (a) 302 (b) 301
2 x2
(c) 202 (d) 101
(a) 110 (b) 120
(c) 130 (d) None 11. 4
C 3 C 3 C 3 C 3 8 C 3 9 C 3 10 C 3 11C 3 12 C 3
5 6 7

## 5. If coefficient of x2 and x3 in the expansion of (a) 13

C 4 1 (b) 13
C4 1
( 3 + ax )9 are the same, then the value of a is: (c) 13
C4 (d) None.
(a) 9/7 (b) 7/9
12. If coefficients of (r+4 )th term and ( 2r + 1)th
(c) -9/7 (d) -7/9 term ( 1 + x )18 are equal, then r is equal to :
6. Coefficient of middle term in expansion in (a) 3 (b) 5
powers of x of (1 + x)4 and (1- x)6 is same if
(c) 3 or 5 (d) N/T
equals:
13. Coeff. of xn in ( 1+2x)2n & ( 1+2x)2n-1 are in
(a) -5/3 (b) 10/3
ratio
(c) -3/10 (d) 3/5
(a) 1:2 (b) 1:3
12
x 2 3 (c) 3:1 (d) 2:1
7. Fifth term from end in 2 is

2 x 14. If the third term in the expansion of

x 3
5
2 7
5
( x x log10 x is 106 then x must be
c7
(a)
x 2
12
2 (a) 1 (b) 10

4 (c) 10 (d) 10-35
x3 2 8
(b) 12 c 8 15. If T2 / T3 in the expansion of ( a +b )n and T3 /
2 x 2
T4 in ( a + b )n+ 3 are equal, then n is
(a) 3 (b) 4
Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85
Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880
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(c) 5 (d) 6 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
26. .........
16. Coefficients of 5 th, 6 th, 7 th term in ( 1 + x )n 0 10 1 11 2 12 20 30
are in A.P., then n equals : 60 30
(a) 7 (b) 5 (a) (b)
20 10
(c) 3 (d) 10
30
17. If coefficient of mth, (m + 1)th and (m+2)th (c) (d) 1
terms in expansion (1+x)n are in A.P; then 20
(a) n2+4(4m+1)+4m22 = 0 27. In expansion of ( a b )n, n 5, the sum of the
5th and 6th terms is zero. Then a/b is
(b) n2+n(4m+1)+4m2 +2 = 0
(a) (n-5)/6 (b) (n-4)/5
(c) (n 2m)2 = n + 2.
(c) 5/(n-4) (d) 6/(n-5)
(d) (n + 2m)2 = n + 2.
18. Coefficient of x7 in ( 1 x4 ) ( 1 + x )9 is : 1 1 1
28. 15
C1 15 C 2 15 C 3 .........15 terms is
4 16 64
(a) 27 (b) 24
12 15
(c) 48 (d) 48. 5 5
(a) 1 (b) 1
19. Coefficient of x5 in (1 + x2)5 (1 + x)4 is 4 4
(a) 30 (b) 60 15
5
(c) 40 (d) N/T (c) 1 (d) N/T
4
20.
Coeff. of x 3 in 1 x x 3 x 4 10
is
29. Coeff. of x 53 in 100 C r x 3100 r 2 r is
100

(a) 30
C3 (b) 10
C3 r 0

## (c) 130 (d) 120 (a) 100

C 51 (b) 100
C 52
21. Coefficient of xn in (1 + x) (1 x)n is (c) - 100 C 53 (d) N/T
(a) n 1 (b) ( - 1)n (1 + n)
30. If sum of coefficients in ( 1 3x + 10x2 )n is a
(c) (- 1)n 1 (n 1)2 (d) ( - 1)n 1n. and in the expansion of (1 + x2 )n is b, then:
(a) a = 3b (b) a = b3
22. Coefficient of x1001 in ( 1-x ) 901 ( 1+x+x2 ) 900
(c) b = a3 (d) N/T
(a) 900
C 332 2/11 (b) 900
C 333 x 2y
12
31. Sum of coeff. in 1
(c) 900
C 334 (d) 0 3 3

## 23. In expansion of (x + a)n, if sum of even terms (a) 1 (b) 2

is E and odd terms is O, then O2 E2 is (c) 212 (d) N/T.
(a) (x2 + a 2) n (b) (x2 a 2) n 32. Sum of coeff. of even powers of x in
(c) (x a)2n (d) N/T (x x3 + 2x4)50 is
24. If A & B represent sum of odd & sum of even (a) 250 (b) 225
terms in ( x + a) n then (x +a) 2n - (x-a) 2n is (c) 226 (d) N/T
(a) A2 B2 (b) AB 33. The coefficient of term independent of x in
(c) 4AB (d) N/T x 1 x 1
10

## 25. If coeff. of (r + 1)th & (r + 3)th terms in (1 + x)2n 2/3 is

x x 1 x x1/ 2
1/ 3
are equal, then
(a) 70 (b) 112
(a) n r = 1 (b) n r = -1
(c) 105 (d) 210
(c) n + r + 1 = 0 (d) N/T

## Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85

Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880
Content marketed & distributed by FaaDoOEngineers.com
34. Coefficient of x20 in ( 1 + x2)40 ( x 2 2 1 )-5 is 42. If n N such that ( 9 + 4 5 )n = I + F ,where
x2
I N and 0 < F < 1, then ( I + F )( I F ) is :
(a) 30
C10 (b) 30 C 25 (a) 0 (b) 1
(c) 1 (d) N/T (c) 72n (d) 22n
35. The coefficient of xn in the expansion of
(1 + 2x + 3x2 + )1/2 is
43.
If 6 6 14 2n 1
= I + F then IF is

## (a) 1 (b) n + 1 (a) 15n+1 (b) 202n+1

(c) 1 (d) n. (c) 25n (d) N/T

## 36. Coeff of x10 in 1 x x 2

x 3 ... 44.
If 3 3 5
2 n 1
I + F, I is integer & F is
1 x x .....
2 fraction then I(I + F)

1
(a) 5n 1 (b) 32 n 1
(a) (b) n C10
10! (c) 22 n1 (d) N/T
(c) 0 (d) 1 45. If (5+2 6 )n = I + f, where I N, n N and
37. Greatest integer just greater than 0 f < 1, then I equals
1 .0001 10000
1 1
(a) f (b) f
(a) 3 (b) 4 f 1 f
(c) 5 (d) N/T 1 1
(c) f (d) f
38. C 0 3C1 5C 2 .....(2n 1)C n is 1 f 1 f
46. Coefficient of t24 in (1+ t2)12 (1 + t12) (1+ t24)
(a) n.2 n (b) n 12 n
is:
(c) n.2 n 1 (d) N/T (a) 12C5 + 3 (b) 12C6 + 1
10 (c) 12C6 (d) 12C6 + 2.
39. The sum of the series
r 0
20
C r is 47. Coefficient of x5 in (1 + 2x + 3x2 + .. )- 3/2 is:
(a) 21 (b) 25
(a) 220 (b) 219
(c) 26 (d) N/T
1 1
(c) 219 + 20C
10 (d) 219 20C
10 48. The largest term in (3 - 5x )15 where x = 1/5
2 2
(a) 5 th (b) 11 st
40. If ( 1 + x ) n = C0 + C1x + C2 x2 + ..+Cn xn,
C C C (c) 7 th (d) 9 th
then C0 + 1 2 .... n is equal to :
2 3 n 1 49. If ( 1 + x + 2x2 )5 = 1 + a1x + a2x2 + + a12 . x12
then value of a2 + a4 + + a12 is :
2 n 1 1
(a) 2n + 1 (b) (a) 31 (b) 31
n 1
(c) 511 (d ) 1023.
2 n 1
(c) (d) 2n+1 1 50. 1 x 10 a 0 a 1 x a 2 x 2 .. a 10 x 10 then
n 1
41. Term independent of x in (1 + x)n (1+ 1/x)n is a 0 a 2 a 4 ...2 a 1 a 3 a 5 ...2 is
(a) Co2 + 2C12 + 3C22 + + (n + 1)Cn2 (a) 310 (b) 210
(b) (Co + C1 + .+ Cn)2 (c) 2 9 (d) N/T
(c) Co2 + C12 + C22 + + Cn2 51. If x is positive; the first negative term in the
(d) None of these. expansion of ( 1 + x )27/5 is :
(a) 6 th (b) 7 th

## Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85

Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880
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(c) 5 th (d) 8 th. 1

## 52. No. of terms with integral coeff. in (c) 2 3 (d) N/T

Coeff of x in 1 x 1 x 7 ... x 1..15
600 6
1 1 59. 6
7 3 2.5 2
(a) 16
C9 (b) 16
C5 6 C5

(a) 100 (b) 101 (c) 16
C 6 1 (d) N/T
(c) 50 (d) N/T 60. Number of real negative terms in the binomial
53. Number of integral terms in 3 5
8 256
is:
expansion of (1 + ix)4n 2, n N, x > 0 is
(a) n (b) n + 1
(a) 33 (b) 34
(c) n 1 (d) 2n
(c) 35 (d) 32.
61. If the coefficient of x100
in 1 + (1 + x) + (1 + x)2
+ (1 + x) + + (1 + x)n ( n 100) is 201C101,
3

## 54. Remainder when 5 99 is divided by 13 is then n will be equal to:

(a) 6 (b) 7 (a) 100 (b) 200
(c) 8 (d) N/T (c) 101 (d) N/T
62. The value of the sum
3 200
55. If {x} denotes fractional part of x, then 1 99 1 99 1 99
8 1 .............. is
2 1 3 2 100 99
(a) 1/8 (b) 3/8 (a) 1/99 (b) 1/100
(c) 5/8 (d) N/T (c) 2/90 (d) 2/100
x y z in 1 x y z is
3 4 9
56. Coeff. of 63. If x is very small, then an approximate value
of (1+x)/(1 x) is
(a) 2.9 C 7 7 C 4 (b) 2 9 C 2 7 C 3
(a) 1 x (b) 1 + x
(c) C 7 C 4
9 7
(d) N (c) 1 2x (d) 1+ 2x
T
64. If x is so small that its two and higher powers
57. Coefficient of x2 in ( 1 + 3x)1/2 (1 2x)-1/3 is
can be neglected and if
55
(a) (b) 55/72 ( 1 2x ) 1/2 ( 1 4x ) 5/2 = 1 + kx, then k is to
72
(a) 1 (b) 2
(c) 72/55 (d) N/T
(c) 10 (d) 11
1 1.4 1.4.7
58. 1 ... is 65. Coefficient of a2b3c5 ( a + b + c)10
6 6.12 6.12.18
(a)1260 (b) 5040
2
1
(a) 2 (b) 3 3 (c) 2520 (d) N/T

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
c a a d a c b c a c a c d c d

## Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85

Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880
Content marketed & distributed by FaaDoOEngineers.com
16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
a c d b c c d b c a b b b c b
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
c d d b a d a b c b c b b c c
46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
d d a c b d b a c a b b c a a
61 62 63 64 65 66
b b d d c d

## Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85

Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880