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ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY 1

IES LA ARBOLEDA
THE HOUSE: CASA Fireplace: chimenea (dentro)
- Kitchen: Cocina Stairs: escaleras SEASONS: estaciones FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS
fridge: frigorfico Upstairs: en el piso de arriba Spring: primavera Grandmother: abuela
microwave oven: microondas Downstairs: en el piso de abajo Summer: verano Grandfather: abuelo
sink: pila, lavabo Ceiling: techo Autumn (BrE): otoo Grandparents: abuelos
plate: plato Floor: suelo; Wall: pared Fall (AmE): otoo Father: padre
knife:cuchillo Roof: tejado ; Clock: reloj Winter: invierno Mother: madre
fork: tenedor Corridor: pasillo Garage: garaje DAYS OF THE WEEK Parents: padres
spoon: cuchara; cup: taza Garden: jardn Monday: lunes Aunt: ta
napkin: servilleta Front door: puerta de entrada Tuesday: martes Uncle: to
tablecloth: mantel Letter box (BrE): buzn; Mailbox: (AmE): buzn Wednesday: mircoles Father-in-law: suegro
dishes: vajilla Attic: buhardilla Thursday: jueves Mother-in-law: suegra
glass: vaso Pillow: almohada; Blankets: mantas Friday: viernes Brother: hermano
Living room: sala de estar;saln Sheets: sbanas Saturday: sbado Sister: hermana
Sofa=couch: sof Wardrobe/ closet: armario Sunday: domingo Son: hijo
Carpet: alfombra; Rug: alfombra; Bathroom: cuarto de bao PERIODS OF TIME Daughter: hija
Picture:cuadro Sink=wash-basin: lavabo Minute: minuto Wife:esposa
Armchair: silln Toilet: inodoro; Mirror: espejo Hour: hora Husband: marido
Television set: televisin Towel: toalla Day: da Cousin: primo/a
Curtain:cortina Toilet paper: papel higinico Week: semana Brother-in-law: cuado
Lamp: lmpara Shampoo: champ; Soap: jabn Month: mes Sister-in-law: cuada
Bookcase: librera Toothbrush: cepillo de dientes; Year: ao Nephew: sobrino
Cushion: cojn Toothpaste: pasta de dientes Century: siglo Niece: sobrina
Bedroom: dormitorio Comb: peine; Hairbrush: cepillo (para el pelo) Weekend: fin de semana
Bed: cama Shower: ducha
Bedside table mesilla de noche Bath/Bathtub: baera
Cologne: colonia
ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY 2
CLOTHES and JEWELLERY COLOURS NATURE
THE HUMAN BODY Shirt: camisa Red: rojo; Pink: rosa Mountain: montaa
Head: cabeza T-shirt: camiseta Orange: naranja Hill : colina
Hair: pelo Trousers (pl): pantalones Brown: marrn River: ro Coast: costa
Ear: oreja/odo Jeans: vaqueros Yellow: amarillo Blue: azul Seashore: costa
Neck: cuello Skirt: falda Shoes: zapatos Purple: morado Beach: playa
Shoulder: hombro Socks: calcetines Black: negro Grey: gris Countryside: campo
Arm: brazo Sweater: jersey/sudadera White: blanco Sky. Cielo Village: pueblo
Back: espalda Underwear: ropa interior Green: verde ; Tree: rbol ; Flowers: flores
Leg: pierna Underpants: calzoncillos/bragas Light green: verde claro Lake: lago
Knee: rodilla Track suit /jogging set: chandal Dark green: verde oscuro Sea: mar Island: isla
Foot; feet (pl): pie Coat: abrigo ; Raincoat: chubasquero Navy blue: azul marino Sun: sol
Toes: dedos (de los pies) Tie: corbata MARITAL STATUS Sunrise: el amanecer
Hand: mano Suit: traje ; Belt: cinturn To marry (reg): casarse con Sunset: la puesta del sol
Finger: dedo Hat: sombrero Married: casado Single: soltero Moon: luna Stars: estrellas.
Mouth: boca Cap: gorra; Shorts: pantalones cortos Divorced: divorciado Horizon: horizonte.
Face: cara Swimming-trunks (BrE):baador (men) Widow: viuda ; Widower: viudo. Forest: bosque
Forehead: frente Bathing suit: (AmE) baador(men) ID OR PASSPORT Wood: bosque; madera.
Nose: nariz Swimsuit/bathing suit: (women): baador Name: nombre Desert: desierto.
Tongue: lengua Pyjamas/pajamas: pijama Surname (BrE): apellido Pond: estanque
Lip: labio Bra: sujetador ; Bracelet: pulsera Last name (AmE): apellido Cloud: nube
Eye: ojo Ring: anillo ; Necklace: collar Place of Birth: lugar de nacimiento Fog: niebla ;Rain: lluvia
Heart: corazn Earring: pendiente Birth date: fecha de nacimiento Storm: tormenta
Lung: pulmn Scarf: bufanda /paoleta Age: edad Environment: medio ambiente
Blood: sangre Handkerchief: pauelo Marital status: estado civil Field: campo
Stomach: estmago Chain: cadena ; Watch: reloj Address: domicilio Waterfall: cascada, catarata
Brain: cerebro Glasses: gafas ; Sun-glasses: gafas de sol Sex: sexo Male: varn Stream: arroyo,riachuelo,
Bones: huesos Female: mujer.
ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY 3

BUILDINGS & PLACES DAILY ROUTINE HOUSEWORK


School: colegio To wake up: despertarse To iron: planchar
University: universidad To get up: levantarse To do the ironing
Kindergarten: guardera To have breakfast: desayunar To make the beds: hacer las camas
Shop: tienda To have a shower: ducharse To sweep the floor: barrer el suelo
Bookshop (BrE): librera To do the housework: hacer las tareas de casa To wash up: lavar los cacharros
Bookstore (AmE): librera To go jogging: hacer footing To do the washing up: lavar
Hospital: hospital To get dressed: vestirse To do the shopping: hacer la compra
Church: iglesia To leave home: salir de casa To do the dusting: Limpiar el polvo
Chemists: farmacia To buy the newspaper:comprar peridico To load the diswasher: cargar el lavava
Town Hall: ayuntamiento To listen to music: escuchar msica To cook: cocinar
Prison/Jail: carcel To catch the train/bus: coger el tren/bus To tidy up: ordenar
Bus-railway station: estacn To start school/work: empezar cole/trabajo To vacuum : pasar la aspiradora
Cinema: cine To have a break: hacer un descanso To do the vacuuming:
Theatre: teatro To have lunch: comer (medioda) To clean the floor: limpiar el suelo
Movie theater (AmE): cine To finish work/school: terminar de trabajar To put the rubbish out: sacar la basura
Circus: circo To rest: descansar To do the laundry: Hacer la colada
Shopping centre: centro comercial To meet some friends: quedar con amigos To do the washing :
Mall (AmE): complejo comercial To watch TV: ver la tele To hang out the washing. Tender ropa
Petrol station: gasolinera To do the homework: hacer los deberes To wash or mop the floor: fregar
Library: biblioteca. To have dinner: cenar To sew : coser
Cafeteria: bar To go to bed.: acostarse To water the plants: regar las plantas.
Restaurant: restaurante
Hotel: hotel
Inn: pensin
ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY 4
SCHOOL SUBJECTS THE CLASSROOM JOBS OR OCCUPATIONS Housewife : ama de casa
Blackboard: pizarra Cook: cocinero Travel Agent : agente de viajes
Physical Education: E.F Textbook: libro de texto Driver: conductor Police Officer : polica
Foreign languages: lenguas extranjeras Notebook: cuaderno Farmer: granjero/agricultor Cop (coloq) poli
English: Ingls Workbook: libro de ejercicios Hairdresser: peluquero Fireman : bombero
French: Francs Dictionary: diccionario Architect: arquitecto Judge : Juez
Latin: Latn Calculator: calculadora Engineer: ingeniero Politician : poltico
Spanish Language and Literature School bag: mochila Secretary: secretari@ Social worker : trabajador social
Mathematics ( Maths): Matemticas Scissors: tijeras Postman/woman: carter@ Sportman/woman : deportista.
Physics: Fsica Picture: cuadro Waiter: camarero Journalist: periodista
Chemistry: Qumica Map: mapa Waitress: camarera Painter: pintor
Crafts: Manualidades Pencil: lapicero Tourist Guide: gua turstico Nurse: enfermera
Computer Science: Informtica Ruler: regla Teacher : profesor Janitor: conserje (de colegio)
Computer Lab: Laboratorio Informtica Pen: bolgrafo Doctor : doctor WHATS THE WEATHER LIKE?
History: Historia Glue: pegamento Lawyer : Abogado Sun; Its sunny: sol; est soleado
Natural Science: Ciencias Naturales Chalk: tiza Artist : artista Rain; Its rainy: lluvia; est lluvioso
Biology: Biologa Pencil-sharpener: sacapuntas Musician : msico Fog; Its foggy: niebla; hace niebla
Religion: Religin Rubber/ Eraser: borrador Shopkeeper : dependiente/a Wind; its windy: viento; hace viento
Ethics: tica. Marker: rotulador Computer Programmer : programador Snow; its snowy: nieve; est nevado
Breaktime: recreo Tippe-ex Correcting fluid: tippex Bricklayer/builder : albail Cloud; its cloudy: est nublado
Vocational Training:Mdulos formativos Paper clip: clips Economist : economista Storm; stormy weather tormenta;
Stapler: grapadora Contable : contable Cold; freezing: Its freezing: fro, helado
Notice board: tabln; corcho Psychologist : psiclogo Warm; hot; its hot: hace calor.
Hole-punch: perforadora Newsreader : locutor CARDINAL POINTS
Diary: agenda Soldier : soldado North (n) Norte; northern (adj) del norte
Desk: pupitre Civil Servant : funcionario South (n) Sur; southern ( adj) del sur
Drawer: cajn Electrician : electricista East (n) Este; eastern (adj) del este
Attendance report: parte asistencia Mechanic : mecnico West (n) Oeste; western (adj) del oeste
ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY 5
OPPOSITES (Adjectives) FOOD Dairy Products : PHYSICAL APPEARANCE
Fruits: Milk : leche
Good bad: bueno malo Apple: manzana Butter : mantequilla Hair Age
Big/Large small/little:grandepequeo Pear: pera Cheese : queso Short Long Baby: beb
Old new: viejo nuevo Orange: naranja Yoghurt : yogur Straight: liso Child: nio
Cheap expensive: barato caro Banana: pltano Egg : huevo; Fried eggs: huevos fritos Wavy: ondulado Teenager: adolesc
Open closed: abierto cerrado Grape: uvas Jam/Jelly : mermelada. Curly: rizado Adult: adulto
Easy difficult/hare: fcil/difcil Strawberry: fresa Breakfast Bald (adj) calvo Grown-up: adulto
Thick thin: grueso delgado Peach: melocotn Cornflakes : cereales Dark, brown, red
Wide narrow: ancho estrecho Vegetables: verduras Juice : zumo Grey : cano
Tall short (por people): altobajo Bean: juda Blond/ fair :rubio
Biscuits/ cookies : galletas
High low (for things) altobajo Potato: patata Accessories
Loud low (for volume) altobajo
Toast : tostada
Carrot: zanahoria Make- up: maquillaje
Deep Shallow: profundosuperficial Sauces and Seasoning
Lentils: lentejas Tattoo: tatuaje
Weak strong: dbil fuerte (salsas y condimentos)
Spinach: espinacas. Piercing: piercing.
Fast slow: rpido lento Vinegar : vinagre
Mushroom: champin Leather jacket: chaqueta de cuero
Happy sad: feliz triste. Salt : sal
Meats: Oil: aceite Casual wear: ropa informal
Dry wet: seco mojado Beef: carne de vaca Denim jacket.: chaqueta vaquera
Full empty: lleno vaco Onion: cebolla
Veal: ternera (muy joven) Garlic; ajo Verbs related to Appearance
Light Heavy: ligero pesado Lamb: cordero To wear-wore-worn: llevar
Hard soft: duro suave Tuna: atn.
Pork: cerdo Cucumber: pepino To look like: parecerse a.
Clean dirty: limpio sucio Chicken: pollo To dye: teir.
Tight loose: apretado suelto Others
Turkey: pavo To dress: vestir
Good-Looking/pretty ugly: guap@ feo Fish: pescado
Steak : filete To dress well: vestir bien
Fat thin : gord@ delgado Bread: pan
Chop: chuleta To dress badly: vestir mal (con mal
Early late: temprano tarde Sandwich: sandwich
Saussage: salchicha gusto)
Dark bright: oscuro luminoso Crisps(BrE)/chips(AmE) patatas frita
Verbs Omelette: tortilla To dress up: vestirse de punta en blanco
Right left: derecho izquierdo Eat-ate-eaten: comer Sporty style : estilo deportivo
Soup: sopa
To taste: degustar/ saber Posh ( clothes, person) pijo