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Unit 1

Sports and Fitness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Unit 2 Skin Deep. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Unit 3 Animals in Danger. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Review 1 The Lost World. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Unit 4 Violent Earth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Unit 5 Islands and Beaches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Unit 6 Ancient Mysteries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Review 2 The Serengeti. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Unit 7 Global Addictions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Unit 8 Legendary Voyages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Unit 9 Stories of Survival. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Review 3 The Forbidden City. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Unit 10 All in the Mind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Unit 11 Art and Life. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Unit 12 Medical Challenges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Review 4 Banks of the Seine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Unit 13 Words and Pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Unit 14 Love and Attraction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Unit 15 Food and Health. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Review 5 Mystic Waters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Unit 16 Design and Engineering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Unit 17 Human Journey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Unit 18 Conservation Challenges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Review 6 Island of Statues. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28


Answer Key

Unit 1 1B Pushing the Limit


Before You Read (p.17)
Sports and Fitness
A. 1. Olympics
2. medal
Warm up (p.11)
3. train
1. Answers will vary. 4. athletes
2. Answers will vary.
B. 1. Answers will vary.
3. Answers will vary.
2. Answers will vary.
1A The Worlds Game Reading Comprehension (p.20)
Before You Read (p.12) A.
1. a
2. c
A. 1. T
3. fast-twitch fibers
2. T
4. It causes tiredness, muscle pain and
3. F
difficult breathing.
4. T
5. a
B. Answers will vary. 6. Hemoglobin carries oxygen around
the body.
Reading Comprehension (p.15)
7. d
A. 1. a. version 8. Greg Louganis: b
b. originated Louganis mother: c
c. annually Tegla Loroupe: a
Sean McCann: d
2.c
9. b
3. Immigrants from the Balkans and
B. 1. Marathon runners: b and e
other countries bring the sport to
2. Gymnasts: c and f
Australia.
3. Both: a and d
4. Australia, NG, Spain, North America,
South Korea, Brazil, South Africa
Vocabulary Practice (p.21)
5. European teams
6. d A. 1. champion
7. d 2. has increased
B. Asia: d, h 3. competed
Australia: b, e, g 4. adjust
North America: a, c, f 5. attributes
6. psychologically
Vocabulary Practice (p.16) 7. genetic

A. 1. enthusiastic 1C Our City Needs Sports


2. version
3. evolved Before You Read (p.22)
4. awarded
5. intense A. 1. For
2. Newspaper. Editors and readers of the
B. 1. a
newspaper.
2. a
3. b
4. b
5. a

Unit 1 1
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

Reading Comprehension (p.23) 2A What is beauty


A. 1. The need to build more housing
Before You Read (p.26)
estates.
2. b A. Answers will vary.
3. reports, writing, bow, venue, sporting B. 1. c
events, forced, international 2. d
4. The athletes lives are disrupted. 3. b
5. 2012 4. e
6. 1. Hong Kong athletes have only won 5. a
3 Olympic medals / medal tally at
international events is low. Reading Comprehension (p.29)
2. There is need for housing / money
A.
1. spans
should be spent on housing.
2. i. good-looking people make more
7. 1. Infrastructure including talent
money
identification programs and
ii. they get called on more often in
specialized training facilities
class
2. Scholarships
iii. they are perceived as friendlier
8. Stellar
3. Larger eyes, fuller lips, a smaller nose
9. Because of lack of post-retirement
and a smaller chin
employment or study options
4. cultures
Explore More (p.24) 5. c
6. a
A. 1. d 7. Yes: beauty does not always conform
2. a to a single uniform standard. //
3. b beauty can be altered by all sorts of
4. c expectations.
5. c No: it is human nature to look for
B. 1. automatically certain (preferred) features // qualities
2. evolved in a mate. (or any logical answers
3. attributes related to the ideas in text)
4. adjust B. 1. 4,000
5. generate 2. money
6. enhances 3. make more money
7. prospect 4. a preference
8. intense 5. cultural
9. data 6. Peru
10. genetic
Vocabulary Practice (p.30)
A. 1. conform
Unit 2

2. fundamental
3. devote

Skin Deep

4. alter
5. predominantly
6. notion
Warm up (p.25) B. 1. uniform
1. Answers will vary. 2. genders
2. Physical appearance doesnt count as much 3. mat
as someones personality and character. 4. subjective
3. Common approaches include cosmetics,
beauty treatments, and cosmetic surgery.

2 Unit 2
Answer Key

2B Unmasking Skin 3. denoted


4. bravery
Before You Read (p.31) 5. leisure
6. permanent
A. 1. b
7. fade
2. a
8. chemical
3. d
B. 1. criminal
4. c
2. leisurely
B. 1. b
3. permanent
2. d
3. a Explore More (p.36)
4. c
A. 1. eyebrows
Reading Comprehension (p.34) 2. lashes
3. mask
A.
1. i. p r o t e c t s u s f r o m e x t r e m e s
4. silicon
of temperatures, damaging
B. 1. notion
sunlight, harmful chemicals, and
2. subjective
dangerous infections;
3. crucial
ii. keeps the brain in touch with the
4. devote
outside world.
5. conforms
2. Our skin
6. predominantly
3. changed completely
7. Chemicals
4. New Zealand Positive: full facial
8. alter
tattoos, called moko, are still used to
9. uniform
identify the wearer as a member of a
10. permanent
certain family (and to symbolize the
persons achievements in life). (lines
4548)
Japan Negative: tattoos are still
strongly associated with criminals Unit 3
(lines 5354)
West Africa Positive: scarring Animals in Danger
symbolizes that a male has matured
from a child into an adult. (lines 67 Warm up (p.37)
70) 1. Over 40,000 species appear on the World
Australia Positive Conservation Unions list of endangered
5. c plants and animals. Common examples are
6. b the big cats, pandas, wolves, some whales
7. a. aware of and elephants.
b. difficult to see 2. Habitats become changed by human
c. industrialized activities or by environmental factors.
B. 1. b 3. Answers will vary.
2. a
3. e 3A Panda Protectors
4. c
5. d Before You Read (p.38)
A. 1. C
Vocabulary Practice (p.35)
2. D
A. 1. crucial 3. B
2. mature 4. A

Unit 3 3
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

B. 1. 2,500,000 U.S. dollars 3. The herders animals


2. They are high maintenance animals 4. d
and money must be sent to China. 5. a
6. The leopard had killed one or two
Reading Comprehension (p.41) animals many times.
A. 1. d 7. solve
2. a. T 8. They are earning money for the
b. NG community.
c. F 9. c
d. T 10. b
3. b B. 1. Himalayan Homestays: b, c, d, f
4. boost (line 81) 2. Snow Leopard Enterprises: a and e
5. c 3. Both: g
6. Eliminating the need to raise pandas
in captivity. Vocabulary Practice (p.47)
7. a A. 1. reward
8. c 2. incentive
B. 1. three 3. drag
2. visits / visitors 4. reverse
3. expensive 5. enforce
4. few years / decade 6. landscape
5. population
3C Our Precious Animals
Vocabulary Practice (p.42)
Before You Read (p.48)
A. 1. restoration
2. dramatic A. 1. Chairperson of the schools Nature
3. precious Club.
4. accommodation 2. 3 (join group, respect habitats, refuse
5. scarce products made from threatened or
endangered species)
B. 1. b
2. b Reading Comprehension (p.49)
3. b
4. a A.
1. d
5. a 2. Chinese white and pink dolphins
3. c
3B Cats in Crisis 4. 1. Join a nature group and learn about
endangered animals.
Before You Read (p.43) 2. Volunteer to protect them (by
helping in emergency situations).
A. 1. T
3. Participate in tree-planting and
2. F
beach clean-up days.
3. T
5. Haven
4. T
6. They often end up in the sea.
5. F
7. may be challenging traditions or
B. Answers will vary. avoiding some useful medicines.
8. By treating your animals well.
Reading Comprehension (p.46)
9. There are plenty of other delicious
A. 1. Protecting snow leopards: a, d, e foods and equally effective medicines.
Killing snow leopards: b, c
2. a. close by
b. distinctive

4 Unit 3
Answer Key

10. May I ask you to recall the last time B. Brazil


you saw a wild animal in Hong Kong? three million
/ Incredible, right? So what can we all tepuis
do to keep Hong Kong a safe haven 2,700
for our animal guests and residents? Angel Falls
Pemon
Explore More (p.50) Poisonous frog
A. 1. predator The Lost World
2. prey
3. jaws Biodiversity
4. branch
Vocabulary Building 1 (p.56)
B. 1. scarcity
2. precious A. 1. species
3. incentive 2. endanger
4. reversal 3. extinct
5. drag 4. ecosystem
6. hesitate 5. vulnerable
7. landscape 6. habitat
8. estimated B. 2. capability
9. restored 3. disable
10. rewarded 4. probability
C. 1. They are both predators with keen 5. stable
senses of hearing, sight and smell. 6. vulnerable
2. Answers will vary. 7. responsible
8. likeability
C. capable
probable
Review 1 vulnerability
availability
The Lost World stable

A. Across: 1. evolve
4. data
9. external Unit 4
10. mate
12. enthusiasm Violent Earth
14. subjective
16. notion Warm up (p.57)
17. award
1. Some natural disasters such as tornadoes,
18. alter
floods, and hurricanes are weather-
19. permanent
related. However, this unit deals with
Down: 1. enormous
seismic natural disasters such as volcanic
2. fade
eruptions, earthquakes and tsunamis.
3. intense
2. Answers will vary.
5. fundamental
3. Yes. Earthquakes in China and tsunami
6. attribute
in Japan.
7. eliminate
8. chemical
11. crucial
13. trend
15. drag

Review 1 Unit 4 5
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

4A The Ring of Fire B. The author believes that in the future


earthquakes will be predictable.
Before You Read (p.58)
Reading Comprehension (p.66)
A. 1. active
2. earthquake A. 1. c
3. eruption 2. b
4. evacuate 3. b
5. explosion 4. a. approximately (line 58)
6. summit b. preceding (line 70)
7. scared 5. Koshun Yamaoka: b
B. 1. Mount Fuji in Japan and Popocatepeti Naoyuki Kato: c
in Mexico A scientist in Parkfield: a
2. Answers will vary. 6. Yes: It appears from the research
being done all over the world that
Reading Comprehension (p.61) earthquakes are not entirely random.
No: At present, no scientists have ever
A. 1. Japan and Mexico
accurately predicted any earthquakes.
2. c
(or any logical answers related to the
3. c
ideas in the text)
4. a. unpreventable / unavoidable
B. a. f (62)
b. signs
b. b (6263)
5. Ash and smoke were seen coming
c. e (69)
from the mountain.
d. a (7071)
6. c
e. d (7478)
7. People who live near El Popo
f. c (8190)
8. All; except pray to their ancestors
B. Mount Fuji: c and g Vocabulary Practice (p.67)
El Popo: a,b and f
Both: d and e A. 1. drill
2. schedule, randomly
Vocabulary Practice (p.62) 3. tracking
4. precise
A. 1. ancestors
5. preceding
2. inevitable
6. zone
3. disastrous
B. 1. laboratory
4. holy
2. identical
5. abandon
3. detect
6. dawn
B. 1. witnessed Explore More (p.68)
2. displaced
3. expands A. It started in Sumatra, Indonesia. It
4. monitored traveled to the east coast of Africa.
B. 1. displacing
4B When the Earth Moves 2. witnesses
3. zone
Before You Read (p.63) 4. disaster
5. monitor
A. 1. T
6. detect
2. T
7. abandon
3. F
8. inevitably
4. F

6 Unit 4
Answer Key

C. 1. Answers will vary. Vocabulary Practice (p.74)


2. Answers will vary.
A. 1. isolated
2. ultimate
3. eager
Unit 5

4. pursuit
5. destination

Islands and Beaches B. 1. prohibited


2. spoiled
3. rank
Warm up (p. 69) 4. diverse
1. Answers will vary. 5. magnificence
2. Some famous beaches include Bondi Beach
in Australia; Daytona Beach in Florida, 5B Island Explorations
USA; Waikki Beach in Hawaii; and the
beaches of Phuket in Thailand. Before You Read (p.75)
3. Islands, especially isolated and exotic
A. 1. C
ones, provide a place with a slower pace
2. D
and unspoiled nature. Their romantic
3. B
atmosphere makes them perfect for
4. A
honeymooners.
B. 1. Iceland
5A The Best of Brazil 2. a. 310,000
b. 100,000
Before You Read (p.70) c. 1,000
d. 4C or 40F
A. Answers will vary but should pertain to
e. 22
the beaches in the photographs.
B. 1. A travel writer researching beaches. Reading Comprehension (p.78)
2. A n s w e r s m ay b e r e l a t e d t o t h e
A. 1. c
answers to A.
2. b
Reading Comprehension (p.73) 3. adventure trips organizer
4. Skiing and Relax in steaming hot
A.
1. (travel writer) Stanley Steward water
2. Six 5. c
3. The beach is a way of thinking and 6. The Mid-Atlantic fault that is pulling
living. the island apart.
4. a B. Labeling from top to left to bottom right:
5. Prainhas beach: a and c b (Thingvellir), d (Reykjavik), f (Blue
The beach at Macei: b Lagoon), c (Gullfoss), e (Vik), and a (caves
6. d near the Vatnajokull glacier).
7. c
8. a prison, a national park Vocabulary Practice (p.79)
9. It has the perfect balance of sand, sea
A. 1. vast
and sky. The water is pale blue and
2. converted
warm. The sand is the color of honey.
3. vehicle
And there is that hint of wildness the
4. architectural
writers seeking.
5. visible
B. 5 Praia do Leo b
1 Copacabana a, e
4 Macei d
2 Prainha f
3 Jericoacoara c
Unit 5 7
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

B. a. cure
b. monster Unit 6
c. mild
d. tension Ancient Mysteries
e. migrate
Warm up (p.83)
5C The Tourists Fly in to Play
1. Answers will vary, but for more information
Before You Read (p.80) see http://science.nationalgeographic.com/
science/archaelogy
A. 1. Hong Kong (Mai Po / Shek O / Po Toi /
2. Answers will vary, but for more information
Deep Bay)
see http://science.nationalgeographic.com/
2. Birds
science/archaelogy
Reading Comprehension (p.81) 3. Answers will vary, but for more information
see http://science.nationalgeographic.com/
A. 1. a
science/archaelogy
2. 1. Wade around Mai Po
2. Eat some Red Pargo 6A Silent Stones
3. Black-naped Tern: Black shoes and
Sings a beautiful song Before You Read (p.84)
Black-headed Gull: Very loud and
Fearless A. 1. associate
4. They are compared to a black net 2. puzzles
because there are many of them and 3. artifact
the birds are huge. 4. legend
5. the leopard of the sky 5. Evidence
6. d B. An astronomical calendar
7. c A cemetery
8. a A place where sick people were cured
9. Line 37 (But an alert is raised)
10. Flapping feather (line 42) / frantic Reading Comprehension (p.87)
flappers (line 48)
A. 1. world
Explore More (p.82) 2. b
3. Parker Pearson refers to the Malagasy
A. As sea levels rise with global warming,
culture to explain his theory that
the low islands may be below the surface
Durrington is the domain of the living
of the water.
and Stonehenge is a place of the
B. 1. isolated dead.
2. vast 4. c
3. diversity 5. c
4. destination 6. a. deposited
5. tensions b. avenue
6. visible 7. d
7. ultimately 8. They believe that Stonehenge may
8. pursuit have been a center for health and
9. eager healing.
C. 1. Some atolls are less than 5 meters 9. mystery / secrets and purpose / origin
high. Whether they can be saved B. 1. F
depends on how much sea levels rise. 2. T
2. Answers will vary.

8 Unit 6
Answer Key

3. F conflict with Homo sapiens sapiens


4. F ( m o d e r n h u m a n s ) a n d vo l c a n i c
5. T eruption.

Vocabulary Practice (p.88) Vocabulary Practice (p.93)


A. 1. domain A. 1. unique
2. transport 2. cousins
3. deposit 3. abnormally
4. graves 4. phenomenon
B. 1. trace 5. inspection
2. definitely 6. contrary
3. motive B. 1. shrinking
4. cite 2. adapt
5. inspired 3. astonishing
4. minimized
6B The Lost Cave
Explore More (p.94)
Before You Read (p.89)
A. Answers will vary.
A. 1. human B. 1. astonished
2. Homo habilis, Homo erectus, Homo 2. graves
sapiens and Homo floresiensis 3. phenomenon
3. The adults were much smaller than 4. deposits
either modern humans or an earlier 5. inspecting
form (Homo erectus). The skeletal 6. unique
material was found with stone tools 7. inspired
and the remains of an extinct relative 8. Contrary
of elephants. 9. cousin
B. 1. Homo Floresiensis 10. definitive
2. Flores, Indonesia C. 1. Answers will vary.
3. They were very small. 2. Answers will vary.

Reading Comprehension (p.92)


A. 1. a. T
b. F Review 2
c. NG
2. c The Serengeti
3. Homo erectus
4. Scientists believed that the Homo A. Across: 1. vehicle
erectus may have designed and sailed 5. pursuit
boats. 7. tension
5. a 8. cite
10. spoiled
B. 1. Flores, Indonesia
13. mild
2. 95,000 to 13,000 years ago
15. magnificent
3. short (about one meter); forehead and
16. drill
jaw similar to Homo erectus
17. deposit
4. several theories regarding resources,
19. expand
no selection for larger size
20. eager
5. tool making, hunting
Down: 2. inevitable
6. Not known, but theories include
3. vast
4. prohibited

Review 2 9
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

6. ultimate a. 2
9. monitor b. 21
10.
schedule c. 12
11.
domain d. 25
12.
precise e. 13
14.
dawn
18.
rank
B. Conservation
Tanzania Unit 7
1.5 million
zebras Global Addictions
April
Maasai Warm up (p.101)
Olduval Gorge 1. Examples: caffeine, nicotine, alcohol,
Leakey gambling, and computer games.
handyman 2. Addictions to work and exercise are OK if
they are not excessive.
Earth in Motion 3. Answers will vary.

Vocabulary Building 2 (p.100) 7A The Worlds Favorite Drug


A. 1. heated
2. pressure Before You Read (p.102)
3. rise A. 2. 25 mg
4. cracks 3. 50 mg
5. layers 4. 80 mg
6. spread
5. 200 mg
7. formed
6. 57 mg
8. dives
7. 294 mg
B. 1. Take
8. 130 mg
2. Take
B. Answers will vary.
3. Take
4. Take Reading Comprehension (p.105)
5. break
6. break A. 1. b
7. take 2. losing sleep
8. take 3. a. T
9. Take b. F
10. Take c. NG
11. Take 4. enough
12. take 5. b
13. take 6. a
14. break 7. For: The writer writes, Caffeines
15. take behavioral effects are real, but more
16. take often, mild. (or any logical answers
17. take related to the ideas in the text)
18. break B. 1. Lose sleep
19. take 2. Counters physical fatigue
20. take 3. E a s e s p a i n by r e d u c i n g m u s c l e
21. break inflammation
22. break
4. Creates headaches / causes physical
23. break
dependence
24. break
5. Fights illness including cancer
25. break
10 Unit 7
Answer Key

Vocabulary Practice (p.106) 2. substitute


A. 1. contradictory 3. equivalent
2. depend 4. utilize
3. awakened 5. dispose
4. furthermore B. 1. a
5. abusing 2. b
6. severe 3. a
7. exhibits
8. fluctuating 7C Is Nuclear the Best
B. 1. a Alternative?
2. b
3. b Before You Read (p.112)
4. b A. 1. Two
5. b 2. Two

7B Addicted to Fossil Fuels? Reading Comprehension (p.113)


Before You Read (p.107) A. 1. a. Safe
b. Unsafe
A. 1. Footwear, toys, garden tools, storage
c. Safe
containers.
d. Safe
2. For electricity, heat, and the means of
2. In the wake of
powering transport.
3. They were exposed to the equivalent
B. 1. Solar, wind and nuclear.
of a thousandth of the amount of
2. Nuclear.
radiation utilized in a s tandard
Reading Comprehension (p.110) radiotherapy course.
4. a. adverse
A. 1. b
b. exaggerated
2. cost, weather, darkness
c. standard
3. a. ideal
5. Supporters of nuclear energy
b. advocates
6. a. T
4. c
b. F
5. Wind power / Wind energy
c. NG
6. The turbines / wind towers would
7. a town with no inhabitants
destroy the high-quality landscape.
8. a
7. The turbines dont work well if there
is no wind or too much wind. The Explore More (p.114)
turbines are noisy and ugly.
8. d A. 1. d
9. Yes: If combinations of these sources 2. a
are used, along with other power 3. c
sources. 4. b
No: Each source alone has its B. 1. utilize
shortcomings. 2. substitute
10. d 3. finite
B. Nuclear: d 4. dependable
Wind: a, f, g 5. advocate
Solar: b 6. equivalent
All: c 7. capacity

Vocabulary Practice (p.111)


A. 1. finite
Unit 7 11
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

8. guarantee 1405: Zheng He departs on 1st voyage,


9. fluctuating lands in Vietnam
10. Furthermore 1422: End of Zheng Hes 6th voyage,
C. 1. Answers will vary. new emperor comes to power
2. Answers will vary. with change in policy
1431: Final voyage to Africas East
Coast, pilgrimage to Mecca
1433: O n r e t u r n voya g e t o C h i n a ,
Unit 8 Zheng He dies

Legendary Voyages Vocabulary Practice (p.120)


A. 1. fascinated
Warm up (p.115) 2. via
1. Answers will vary but might include 3. subsequently
voyages of Ibu Battuta, Leif Erikson, Marco 4. accumulated
Polo, Magellan, and Columbus. 5. departed
2. Answers will vary. 6. accompanied
3. Some possibilities are voyages under the 7. terminated
poles and in space. 8. coincided

8A Treasure Fleet 8B Arabian Tales

Before You Read (p.116) Before You Read (p.121)

A. 1. armada A. Answers will vary.


2. ports B. 1. An explorer, recreate Sindbads
3. trading fleets voyages
4. admiral 2. By boat, 9,656km
3. All place names.
B. A l l ; e x c e p t D i d Z h e n g H e r e a ch
Americal? Reading Comprehension (p.124)
Reading Comprehension (p.119) A. 1. On behalf of: representing
A.
1. Sailors, government officials, doctors, Comprised of: made up of
cooks, merchants, and interpreters. 2. c
2. Seven 3. Serendib (another name of Sri Lanka)
3. c 4. Sindbad was carried to the valley by a
4. a. True giant bird.
b. False 5. b
c. NG 6. Sindbads crew: a
5. 5, 4, 6, 1, 2, 3 Severins crew: b, c
6. c 7. Sad: the great adventure is ending.
7. d Happy: Omani peoples generosity
8. The new emperor of China wanted and the determination of his crew
to terminate all foreign exploration made the voyage a reality.
(in 1422). B. Sindbad: c, e, f
9. legacy, engagement Severin: a
B. 1371: Ma He was born Both: b, d, g
1402: Ma He renamed Zheng He and
given job as Admiral

12 Unit 8
Answer Key

Vocabulary Practice (p.125) 2. In the Andes Mountains in Chile


3. To Santiago, Chile
A. 5, 4, 2, 1, 3
4. T h e p l a n e c r a s h e s a n d s o m e
B. 1. tale
passengers survive.
2. crew
3. comprised B. Although 29 people died in the airplane
4. struggled crash, 16 managed to survive, including
5. violent 2 who sought help.
6. crew
Reading Comprehension (p.131)
7. generously
8. accelerate A. 1. People who died in the plane crash.
9. brief 2. b
3. b
Explore More (p.126) 4. d
5. The plane could not be found. (or any
A. People make journeys to religious
logical answers related to the ideas in
places or to places that have special
the text)
significance for them.
6. 1, 6, 4, 5, 3, 2
B. 1. comprises 7. There were a few cans on the ground,
2. subsequently and some farm animals in a field.
3. via 8. c
4. accumulation
B. Friday, not Tuesday
5. commanded
Uruguay, not Brazil
6. tale
29, not 27
7. struggle
Two, not three
8. brief
10, not 21
9. depart
14, not 16
C. 1. Answers will vary.
2. Answers will vary. Vocabulary Practice (p.132)
A. 1. sustained
2. rational
3. steady
Unit 9 4. rescued
5. sew
Stories of Survival 6. urgent
7. volunteered
Warm up (p.127) 8. aircraft
9. tough
1. Answers will vary, but some types of life-
threatening situations include natural B. 1. rational
disasters such as storms or earthquakes, 2. blanket
accidents and incidents of violence. 3. tough
2. Answers will vary. 4. steady
3. Survival may depend on luck, preparedness, 5. rescue
or determination. 6. volunteer

9A An Ill-Fated Flight 9B A Photographers Quest

Before You Read (p.128) Before You Read (p.133)


A. 1. The people include a sports team, A. 1. In an Afghan refugee camp in Pakistan
their friends, and relatives, and the in December 1984.
airplane crew. 2. S t e ve M c C u r r y, a p h o t o g ra p h e r
working for National Georgraphic.
Unit 9 13
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

3. Her photograph was on the cover of Reading Comprehension (p.139)


National Geographic in June 1985.
A.
1. Survival
B. 1. Her name and story. 2. directed, catastrophe / disaster
2. Her photograph featuring her unique 3. Through the grown Pis recollections.
eyes. 4. Make friends with Richard Parker.
5. No, he doesnt. He thinks it can be
Reading Comprehension (p.136)
easily mixed up with other Disney
A. 1. d films.
2. decade 6. a. True
3. a. True b. NG
b. False c. False
c. True 7. Special effectsleaping whales,
d. NG swarms of flying fish, savage storms
4. b and even a mysterious flesh-eating
5. d island.
6. He travels to Pakistan for work.
7. Gula had never seen it and she didnt Explore More (p.140)
know that it had become a famous
A. 1. b
image.
2. d
8. National Geographic
3. a
9. Steve McCurry: c
4. c
Sharbat Gula: a and b
Boyd Matson: d B. 1. mercy
2. terror
B. a. 4
3. endure
b. 8
4. sustain
c. 5
5. tough
d. 1
6. convinced
e. 6
7. mobilized
f. 7
8. steady
g. 3
9. rescue
h. 9
10. tragedy
i. 2
C. 1. Answers will vary.
Vocabulary Practice (p.137) 2. Answers will vary.
A. 1. explosion
2. terror
3. mercy
4. border Review 3
5. wages
6. clinic The Forbidden City
7. convinced
A. Across: 1. advocate
8. stable
4. tragedy
9C Man Against Nature 6. via
7. tough
Before You Read (p.138) 8. volunteer
12. guarantee
A. 1. True
14. coincide
2. True
16. abuse
3. False
18. mobilize
19. crew
20. terror
14 Review 3
Answer Key

Down: 1. accumulate
2. convince Unit 10
3. endure
4. tale All in the Mind
5. explode
9. exhibit Warm up (p.147)
10. rescue 1. Most people have few memories before age
11. temporary 3.
13. mercy 2. Love, hate, joy, or happiness, sadness or
14. clinic sorrow, fear, guilt, surprise and excitement.
15. depart 3. Apes such as chimps, monkeys, dolphins,
17. sew horses, parrots, dogs and cats.
B. five
Nanjing 10A A Mind of Your Own
1925
paintings Before You Read (p.148)
Dragon throne
A. 1. self-awareness
Super Harmony
2. emotional
Imperial Way
3. recall
public square
4. Perception
Energy 5. Behavior
B. A: Who am I?
Vocabulary Building 3 (p.146) B: How do I remember?
C: Why do I have emotions?
A. 1. utilized
D: Can I control how I feel?
2. civilizations
3. Industrial Reading Comprehension (p.151)
4. urbanization
5. fossilization A. 1. b
6. global(ized) 2. brain
7. organizations 3. They use powerful techniques to
8. realization visualize the sources of thought,
emotion, behavior and memory.
B. 1. overall
4. c
2. for instance
5. A stored pattern of connections
3. therefore
between neutrons in the brain.
4. nevertheless
6. The hippocampus that helps form
5. clearly
long-term memories is not fully
6. even though
developed at this stage.
7. later
7. d
8. furthermore
8. Davidson wants to find out whether
9. especially
our mental activities and state of mind
10. so as
can be controlled. (or any logical
11. in conclusion
answers related to the ideas in the
12. definitely
text)
9. c
B. 1. c
2. a
3. d
4. e
5. b

Unit 10 15
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

Vocabulary Practice (p.152) Vocabulary Practice (p.157)


A. 1. presumption A. 1. revealed
2. transform 2. mastered
3. accomplish 3. primitive
4. underlying 4. dismiss
5. visualize 5. acknowledging
6. reinforce 6. pronounces
B. 1. flexible 7. extraordinarily
2. presume B 1. master
3. entity 2. simulate
4. welfare 3. reveal
4. humble
10B How Smart Are Animals? 5. acknowledge
6. abstract
Before You Read (p.153)
A. A n s w e r s w i l l v a r y, b u t c o m m o n Explore More (p.158)
definition of intelligence is highly A. Answers will vary, but sharks have a
developed ability to think logically, to reputation for being predators.
understand the world around you, and to
B. 1. presume
learn things quickly
2. welfare
B. Gray parrots (words, imitation, counting, 3. humble
zero concept), sheep and elephants 4. extraordinary
(face recognition), chimpanzees (tool 5. transforming
making, use), octopuses (emotions), and 6. simulate
a border collie (linking vocabulary to 7. flexible
photographs) 8. dismissed
9. revealed
Reading Comprehension (p.156) 10. mastered
A. 1. b 11. acknowledge
2. d C. 1. Answers will vary.
3. around, think, feel 2. Answers will vary.
4. They change color.
5. imitation
6. (1) A l e x c a n i m i t a t e a l m o s t 1 0 0
English words. Unit 11
(2) Alex has a basic understanding of
the abstract concept of zero. Art and Life
(3) He can understand the concepts of
same and different.
Warm up (p.159)
7. c
8. a 1. Answers will vary.
2. The reading covers this topic.
B. 1. tools
3. Answers will vary.
2. hunting
3. laugh
4. spit
11A Color of Life
5. 2-year-old
Before You Read (p.160)
6. photographs
A. 1. Answers will vary, but some colors
excite while others calm people.

16 Unit 11
Answer Key

2. Food would be less appealing and 11B Master of Color


some information would be harder to
recognize. Before You Read (p.165)
B. Red signals dominance and accelerates
A. 1. principles
the heart rate.
2. techniques
Yellow is highly visible and can be a
3. portrait
stimulant or a caution signal.
4. setting
Blue is neutral, calming, and inhibits
5. masterpiece
hunger.
B. $80million A Japanese businessman
Pink creates passivity.

Reading Comprehension (p.163) Reading Comprehension (p.168)


A. 1. Th e y d i d n o t e n c o u ra g e h i m t o
A.
1. a
become an artist, instead his father
2. It makes the world more beautiful.
thought he should be a salesclerk or
It conveys emotion and symbolize
carpenter.
power.
2. a. NG
3. d
b. True
4. red
c. NG
5. Red: Sports teams uniforms: red
3. b
seems to be the color, across species,
4. c
that signals dominancegiving
5. Viewers of Van Goghs paintings /
those dressed in red an advantage in
People in general
sporting events. (lines 4043)
6. a
Pink: Walls in prisons: Men in prison
B. a. 1
are reported to be more passive when
b. 5
the walls are painted a specific shade
c. 2
of pink. (lines 4749)
d. 3
Yellow: yellow has been found to
e. 4
help children focus on their work and
do better in school (lines 6869)
Vocabulary Practice (p.169)
Blue: Sleeping pills // rooms
6. c A. 1. innovative
7. c 2. resisted
8. a. extracted from (line 10) 3. classical
b. redden (line 32) 4. appreciated
c. caution (line 65) 5. wandering
d. in control (line 78) B. 1. a
B. a. yellow 2. a
b. blue 3. b
c. blue 4. a
d. red 5. a
e. blue
f. blue 11C A World Full of Wondrous
Hues
Vocabulary Practice (p.164)
A. 1. highlights Before You Read (p.170)
2. bold A. 1. Pau-la and Hung
3. extracted 2. Beijing and Hong Kong
4. inhibitions
5. caution

Unit 11 17
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

Reading Comprehension (p.171) 2. Tra n s p l a n t s , s t e m c e l l r e s e a rch , a n d


nanotechnology.
A. 1. Language barrier and missing his
3. Diseases spread rapidly with high death
mom
rates when antibiotics are not efficient
2. They both migrated to a place with a
against them.
new culture.
3. An art therapist guides a person
12A Modern Medicine
through the creative process and
helps him see his problems and how Before You Read (p.174)
he is dealing with them.
4. a and b A. 1. Deadly diseases such as cancer and
5. Passive aggression infectious viruses, sexually transmitted
diseases such as AIDS, general poor
6. Gallery owner noticed his paintings health and fitness.
and his Mother and Ling are arriving 2. I d e n t i f y t h e h u m a n g e n o m e ,
next week to stay successful transplants, medications.
7. b B. Answers will vary.
8. People who are sad or depressed
Reading Comprehension (p.177)
9. communicate, barrier, colorful,
exhibited A.
1. b
2. c
Explore More (p.172) 3. tiny particles into a person (to cure a
A. 1. Urban disease)
2. distinctive 4. A technology that involves extremely
3. gallery small particles.
4. emerges 5. a. when exposed to UV light
5. dimension b. the body and programmed to bond
6. Graffiti only to a certain type of cancer
cell.
B. 1. innovation
c. can then use a camera and locate
2. wander
the colored-particles and hence
3. bold
find the cancer cells.
4. cautions
6. It will be possible to detect and
5. highlights
treat cancer at an early stage when
6. appreciate
the cells are less resistant to drug
7. extracts
treatment.
8. classical
7. Nanotechnology: c
9. package
Technology used now: b
C. 1. Answers will vary.
Both: a
2. Answers will vary.
8. d
9. a
B. 1. F
Unit 12 2. F
3. T
Medical Challenges

4. T
5. T
6. F
Warm up (p.173)
1. Answers will vary according to country, Vocabulary Practice (p.178)
but some problem diseases include Ebola,
A. 1. priority
AIDS, West Nile Virus, malaria, and bird flu.
2. allocate
3. insert

18 Unit 12
Answer Key

4. multiply Explore More (p.184)


5. Meanwhile A. Answers will vary.
6. radical B. 1. poisonous
7. bond 2. victims
8. thoroughly 3. fevers
4. roots
12B Virus Hunters 5. bond
6. priority
Before You Read (p.179)
7. extensive
A. 1. China in 2003 8. emergency
2. Asia 9. multiplying
3. Central Asia, Europe, India and Japan C. 1. Answers will vary.
B. Diseases that spread from animals to 2. Answers will vary.
humans

Reading Comprehension (p.182)


Review 4
A.
1. d
2. a. the horses trainer, an assistant, and Banks of the Seine
a veterinarian
b. the dead horse
A. Across: 1. highlight
3. True, False, NG, True
7. resist
4. c
9. victim
5. c
11. passive
6. potentially (line 100)
13. master
7. To create vaccines for the diseases.
15. bond
To make the communities more aware
16. allocate
of disease prevention and treatment
17. greed
B. 1. animal habitats 18. acknowledge
2. travel 19. root
3. scratch 20. entity
4. animal waste
Down: 2. inhibit
5. eating
3. laser
6. handshake
4. transmit
7. sneeze
5. fever
6. incidence
Vocabulary Practice (p.183)
8. appreciate
A. 1. root 10. thorough
2. transmitted 12. welfare
3. fever 14. swell
4. victims
B. Orsay Museum
5. emergency
prison
6. conservative
Sainte-Chapelle
7. incidence
ice-cream
B. 1. b Statue of Liberty
2. a Gustave
3. a
4. b
5. b

Review 4 19
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

Cultural Heritage Reading Comprehension (p.196)


A. 1. c
Vocabulary Building 4 (p.190) 2. Niwo Island
A. 1. administrative 3. b
2. massive 4. a
3. distinctive 5. c
4. sensitive 6. They were warnings to travelers / They
5. conservative were warnings of the dangers of the
6. extensive passes.
7. primitive B. 1. many famous bridges
8. innovative 2. too much concrete
B. 1. swell 3. run into the sea
2. give 4. peaceful shrine
3. speed
Vocabulary Practice (p.197)
4. pick
5. welled A. 1. commence
6. grew 2. flee
7. set 3. navigate
8. took 4. embrace
9. turned 5. resemble
B. 1. b
2. b
3. a
Unit 13 4. b
5. a
Words and Pictures
13B A Life in Pictures
Warm up (p.191)
Before You Read (p.198)
1. Answers will vary.
2. Answers will vary. A. Answers will vary.
3. Pictures or photographs contain more B. 1. F
information than words can easily describe. 2. T
Verbal descriptions or explanations focus 3. F
on the main features more than on small
details. Reading Comprehension (p.202)
A. 1. H e wa n t e d t o f i t i n a n d b e l i k e
13A A Writers Journey everybody else in the U.S.A., so
learning Japanese never interested
Before You Read (p.192) him.
A. 1. snow, a calm, autumn 2. c
2. loss, sadness, loneliness 3. d
3. Answers will vary. 4. False, NG, True
B. 1. Oku no Hosomichi, Narrow Road to a 5. improved
Far Province 6. a
2. Tokyo, Matsushima City, Otsu City 7. c
8. Its a very natural picture. / The light is
3. The Mogami River (the answer is in a
behind him. / The light is incredible.
photo caption)
9. The frog sitting on the leaf.
10. c

20 Unit 13
Answer Key

B. Yellow: b and e
Blue: a and f Unit 14
Both: c and d
Love and Attraction
Vocabulary Practice (p.203)
A. 1. amateur Warm up (p.207)
2. passion 1. Science can identify how the brain and
3. route hormones respond.
4. concentrate 2. Physical appearance, personality and
5. motivate accomplishments, etc.
6. glare 3. Some animals display unusual colors or
7. ideal behaviors such as dancing.
8. anticipated
14A Aspects of Love
13C Passion or Pragmatism?
Before You Read (p.208)
Before You Read (p.204)
A. Answers will vary.
A. 1. False B. 1. c
2. False 2. d
3. True 3. b
4. a
Reading Comprehension (p.205)
A.
1. Fire in the belly Reading Comprehension (p.212)
2. It is the driving forcewe dont need A. 1. c
to be persuaded or tempted into doing 2. Shameful
something as the passion does that for 3. c
us, it is the motivation. / It propels us 4. Its very important that someone has
to reach our goals. all the right qualities.
3. It is better to choose a career based 5. b
on pragmatism than passion. 6. b
4. When his band won first prize in an 7. 3, 4, 1, 2
amateur singing contest. B. 1. e
5. Atrophy
2. d
6. a. True
3. a
b. False
4. b
c. NG
5. f
Explore More (p.206)
Vocabulary Practice (p.213)
A. 1. erupts, fumes A. a. norm
2. crater, glacier b. defiance
B. 1. passion c. affection
2. commence d. romance
3. navigate e. recruit
4. flee B. 1. inherently
5. route 2. trigger
6. ideal 3. mutual
7. obsessed 4. inclination
8. anticipate 5. abundance
9. concentration
C. 1. Answers will vary.
2. Answers will vary.

Unit 14 21
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

14B Animal Attraction Explore More (p.220)


A. 1. canopy
Before You Read (p.214)
2. courtship
A. 1. F 3. perch
2. T 4. elaborate
3. NG B. 1. dense
4. T 2. species
5. F 3. elaborate
B. Answers will vary. 4. affection
5. evoke
Reading Comprehension (p.218) 6. mutual
A. 1. b 7. harsh
2. a 8. inclined
3. Advantage: Attract mates 9. prominent
Disadvantage: Make them more 10. recruit
noticeable to predators C. 1. Answers will vary.
4. c 2. Answers will vary.
5. He spreads his wings out like a dress.
6. d
7. c
8. European ladies hats / traditional Unit 15
costumes of Papua New Guinean
tribesmen Food and Health
9. It uses up the lands where the birds
once lived. Warm up (p.221)
B. 1. T
1. Answers will vary.
2. F
2. Foods with toxins (e.g., blowfish) or foods
3. T
contaminated with bacteria are dangerous.
4. F
3. Using genetically modified foods or more
5. NG
effective fertilizers and pesticides can
Vocabulary Practice (p.219) increase the supply of foods.

A. 1. species 15A Food Safety


2. ritual
3. bouncing Before You Read (p.222)
4. prominent A. 1. d
5. absurd 2. a
6. dense 3. b
7. harsh 4. c
8. evoked
B. An E. coli incident in which a young girl
B. 1. prominent (Lauren Beth Rudoph) died.
2. undergo
3. evoke Reading Comprehension (p.226)
4. harsh
5. bounce A. 1. d
6. ritual 2. endured
7. absurd 3. c
8. noble 4. No. Although some bacteria are
dangerous to humans, most of them
help with digestion, making vitamins,
shaping the immune system and
22 Unit 15
keeping us healthy.
Answer Key

5. Diseases / bacteria can spread very 5. adequately tested


easily as large numbers of animals 6. public relations exercise
live in tight quarters.
6. b Vocabulary Practice (p.233)
7. a A. 1. genes
8. The investigators 2. revolutionary
9. 3, 1, 2, 4 3. pests
10. b 4. conventional
B. 1. c 5. diminished
2. d 6. skeptics
3. e 7. allergic
4. a 8. notwithstanding
5. b B. 1. diminish
2. notwithstanding
Vocabulary Practice (p.227)
3. allergic
A. a. compulsory 4. revolution
b. integral 5. conventional
c. nationwide 6. pests
d. diligent 7. skeptics
e. contamination 8. nutrition

15B Genetic Engineering 15C A Dreadful Experience


Before You Read (p.228) Before You Read (p.234)
A. New varieties are resistant to insects and A. 1. False
herbicides, have more vitamins, and 2. True
grow faster. No risks are mentioned in 3. True
the information.
B. 1. They are safe as far as we know.
Reading Comprehension (p.235)
2. They may harm the environment if
they are introduced before adequate A. 1. Address
t e s t i n g . Th e y m ay a l s o r e q u i r e 2. Wan Chai
alternatives pesticides. 3. The ground beef in the lasagna
3. Yes, by increasing crop quantities and 4. a. 3
nutritional value. b. 2
c. 5
Reading Comprehension (p.232) d. 1
A. 1. b e. 4
2. d 5. c
3. a. False 6. He and his sisters missed school and
b. NG the family-run stationary business
c. True couldnt open in the lead up to
4. d Chinese New Yearwhich is their
5. I t d o e s n t c o n t a i n m u c h b e t a - busiest time of the yearbecause his
c a r o t e n e . / B e t a - c a r o t e n e i s n t parents were still recovering.
converted into vitamin A when people 7. Getting infected with e-coli and
are malnourished. ending up in hospital.
B. 1. genetic 8. a
2. allergic
Explore More (p.236)
3. pesticide
4. slip by undiscovered A. Answers will vary.
Unit 15 23
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

B. 1. battle Food and Diet


2. compulsory
3. diligently Vocabulary Building 5 (p.242)
4. notwithstanding
A. 1. cultivated
5. nationwide
2. Grains
6. diminishing
3. staple
7. feasible
4. irrigate
8. contaminated
5. yields
C. 1. Answers will vary.
6. surplus
2. Answers will vary.
7. undernourished
B. 1. undergo
2. overseas
Review 5

3. underground
4. undertaken
Mystic Waters

5. oversaw
6. undercover
7. overlooked
A. Across: 1. absurd 8. underlying
2. nationwide C. First Syllable: 2, 3, 5, 6, 9
6. affection Second Syllable: 1, 4, 7, 8
11. route D. 1. abundance
12. obsessed 3. cohere
14. passion 4. confidence
15. gene 5. correspondence
17. ritual 6. emerge
18. bounce 7. inference
19. species 8. maintain
20. ferry 9. occur
Down: 1. allergic 10. pertain
3. noble 11. reference
4. dense 12. reverence
5. digestion 1. emergence
6. abundant 2. occurrence
8. compulsory 3. abundance
9. navigate 4. assistance
10. pioneer 5. reference
13. skeptic 6. infer
15. glare E. 1. across
16. evoke 2. over
B. Sichuan Province 3. around to
nine village valley 4. along
calcium carbonate 5. away
mineral composition 6. at
Tibetan 7. back
Qiang 8. by
mirror F. a. 2
Semo b. 5
visitors c. 1
carbon dioxide emissions d. 4
e. 3

24 Review 5
Answer Key

5. reproduce
Unit 16 6. vital
7. riddle
Design and Engineering 8. gradually

Warm up (p.245) 16B The Future of Fashion


1. Clothing fabric can be recycled or made
Before You Read (p.252)
from disposable materials.
2. Some fabrics are treated to protect people A. 1. textiles
against sunburn or insect bites. 2. high-tech
3. Tents, sails, parachutes, temporary buildings 3. fiber
4. Synthetic
16A Design by Nature B. Answers will vary.

Before You Read (p.246) Reading Comprehension (p.256)


A. 1. draw inspiration A. 1. b
2. apply 2. a
3. fields 3. a. False
4. unimaginable complex b. True
5. have the potential c. NG
6. concrete purpose 4. B y d a y d r e a m i n g ( l i n e 3 ) a n d
B. 1. The thorny devil lizard observing nature (line 49)
2. Drinking water through its foot 5. d
3. Make a device to help people collect 6. b
water in the desert B. 1. e
2. a
Reading Comprehension (p.250) 3. d
A. 1. c 4. c
2. b 5. b
3. a
4. d Vocabulary Practice (p.257)
5. Andrew Parker: c A. 1. thereby
Ronald Fearing: b 2. fantasy
Robert Cohen: d 3. suspended
Mark Cutkosky: a 4. forthcoming
6. c 5. foresee
7. Engineers find it hard to reproduce
B. 1. b
nature since it is inherently and
2. a
unimaginably complex.
3. a
8. Positive / Hopeful / Optimistic
4. b
B. 1. T
5. a
2. F
3. T Explore More (p.258)
4. F
A. 1. literally
5. F
2. obstacle course
Vocabulary Practice (p.251) 3. contestants
B. 1. portable
A. 1. Nonetheless
2. fantasy
2. insight
3. vital
3. colleague
4. thereby
4. device
5. devices
Unit 16 25
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

6. foresee Vocabulary Practice (p.265)


7. nonetheless
A. 1. scattered
8. colleagues
2. immense
C. 1. Answers will vary. 3. buried
2. Participation is more important than 4. refined
the sculpture and adults participation 5. bulk
is a good role model for children. 6. vanished
7. conquered
8. proof
9. descendants
Unit 17 B. 1. mainland

Human Journey

2. proof
3. descendant
4. scattered
Warm up (p.259) 5. vanish
1. Answers will vary. 6. immense
2. Burial sites with skeletal material, living 7. conquer
sites including artifacts such as stone tools 8. refine
and pottery.
3. The Arctic and Subarctic, some Pacific 17B Fantastic Voyage
islands, the Amazon Basin, and Siberia are
remote places that people reached on foot Before You Read (p.266)
or by rafts and canoes. A. 1. expand
2. anthropologists
17A The DNA Trail 3. feats
4. canoes
Before You Read (p.260) 5. horizon
A. 1. Africa B. 1. c
2. South America 2. a
3. Asia 3. b
4. 30,000 to 40,000
B. Mutations in DNA. Reading Comprehension (p.270)
A. 1. a
Reading Comprehension (p.264) 2. The winds blow steadily and in
A. 1. c p r e d i c t a b l e d i r e c t i o n s ove r t h e
2. a oceans surface, thus helping the
3. They compare mutations of DNA in explorers find ways to new islands or
different populations. back home.
4. c 3. d
5. a 4. b
6. The trip was full of dangers. / (Or 5. a
other reasonable answers) 6. 1, 4, 3, 2
7. The ancestors of today s Native 7. a. T
Americans b. F
B. 1. F c. NG
2. T 8. a
3. F B. Lapita: a, d
4. F Ancient Polynesians: b, e
5. T Both: c, f

26 Unit 17
Answer Key

Vocabulary Practice (p.271)


A. 1. boundary
Unit 18


2. stretched
3. intervals
Conservation Challenges
4. analogous
5. conceivable Warm up (p.275)
6. stubborn 1. Answers will vary, but some possibilities are
7. disrupts hard-to-reach places in Africa and South
America.
17C The Real Treasures of Life 2. Climate change, infringement on natural
areas for agricultural land or forestry,
Before You Read (p.272) population pressure.
3. Declare fragile areas as protected zones,
A. 1. Kin Fai and Gai
enforce laws against poaching, list areas as
2. Two coffins
UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Reading Comprehension (p.273)
18A Disappearing Forests
A.
1. b
2. Trying to find Cheung Po Tsai s Before You Read (p.276)
treasure
3. a. T A. 1. b
b. NG 2. a
c. F 3. c
4. She was in love with him 4. b
5. a. 3 B. S i s t e r D o r o t hy S t a n g wa s s h o t by
b. 2 gunmen.
c. 4
d. 1 Reading Comprehension (p.280)
6. Charismatic A. 1. b
7. The remains of Cheungs parents. 2. c
8. The coffins / tombs 3. To protect settlers claims.
9. d 4. People who create and use false land
titles.
Explore More (p.274) 5. destroys / ruins
A. Thousands of miles using sails that catch 6. c
the wind. 7. d
B. 1. immense B. Arguments for:
2. outdo 1. property
3. stubborn 2. slave
4. disrupted 3. agricultural chemicals
5. intact Arguments against:
6. proof 1. in harmony with
7. interval 2. Golden Chainsaw
8. conquer 3. exaggerated issue
C. 1. Answers will vary, but the Mata Rangi
III voyage was not successful. Vocabulary Practice (p.281)
2. Answers will vary, but the Mata Rangi A. 1. devastating
III voyage was not successful. 2. confront
3. founded
4. supplemented
5. secluded
6. authentic
Unit 18 27
Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

7. harmony 4. collapsed
8. adjacent 5. chaos
B. 1. harmony 6. evade
2. authentic 7. abolish
3. found 8. compiled
4. fraud
Explore More (p.288)
5. supplement
6. adjacent A. a. 3
7. secluded b. 1
8. taunt c. 5
9. confront d. 4
e. 2
18B Animal Protectors B. 1. compiled
2. devastated
Before You Read (p.282)
3. authentically
A. 1. A 4. secluded
2. C 5. harmony
3. B 6. founded
B. 1, 2, 1, 2 7. instinct
8. adjacent
Reading Comprehension (p.286) 9. confront

A.
1. a C. 1. Answers will vary.
2. The female elephant and her two 2. Answers will vary.
babies
3. a
4. protect / safeguard
5. a. F Review 6
b. NG
c. T Island of Statues
6. c
7. c A. Across: 1. proof
8. The sudden sharp rise in the price of 3. agitation
ivory and the widespread availability 5. outdo
of automatic weapons 7. revered
9. d 9. mainland
10. Teacher and elephant researcher 12. intact
B. a. 5 13. confront
b. 2 16. evade
c. 6 18. rigid
d. 4 19. genuine
e. 1 20. colleague
f. 3 Down: 1. portable
2. forthcoming
Vocabulary Practice (p.287) 4. immense
A. 1. withdraw 6. taunt
2. weapons 8. vital
3. agitated 10.
authentic

28 Review 6
Answer Key

11.
device E. 1. wear
13.
compile 2. carry
14.
riddle 3. figure
15.
thereby 4. rule
17.
bulk 5. drowned
19.
gap 6. freak
B. South Pacific 7. maxed
Polynesia 8. stamp
volcano F. a. 3
Easter Sunday 1722 b. 2
2,000 c. 4
figures or statues d. 1
1,200
400500
Jared Diamond
environmental disaster

Population
Vocabulary Building 6 (p.294)
A. 1. Demographers
2. population
3. census
4. statistics
5. pensions
6. migrant
7. refugees
8. populous
B. 1. Calligraphy
2. telegraph
3. phonograph
4. seismograph
5. autograph
6. bibliography
7. Demography
8. biography
C. 1. erect
2. breed
3. duplicate
4. revoked
5. initiate
6. erased
D. 1. Corrupt
2. abrupt
3. interrupted
4. erupting
5. ruptured
6. bankrupt

Review 6 29