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SAFE USE OF CHEMICALS

Oman L.L.C.

1.0 Purpose

To ensure that the risks to health from exposure to hazardous substances are:

Identified and assessed


Existing control measures reviewed (where assessments have already been carried out)
and checked for effectiveness
Identifying new or additional control measures to reduce risks to as low as is reasonably
practicable

2.0 Scope

Chemical assessments are required where any substance hazardous to health is in use within the
Strabag Oman LLC Projects .

3.0 Responsibility

Assessor Responsible for carrying out assessment(s) of substances on


the Site Register (Appendix A) and recommending actions
to reduce risk from exposure. Discussing actions (and to
whom they should be assigned) with the Health & Safety
Coordinator.

HSE Manager Responsible for implementation of assessment programme


(and reviews), monitoring progress of the programme and
that actions identified are completed.

4.0 Undertaking Assessment

Substance Schedule

The substance schedule is a complete list of all chemicals and substances, which are
stored or used within the Project. These also include substances which may be used by
contractors.

Name

This is the product name as allocated by the manufacturer/supplier of the substance.

Supplier

Enter the Name, address and contact telephone number of the supplier of the substance. If
more than one supplier is used for the same substance, list all suppliers.

Storage Area

Is the substance stored in a centralised store or in different locations within the premises?
Enter the area where the substance is stored, in multiple locations use the abbreviation
ML.

Author Release Division International with its Subdivisions


Name: Farhat
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Quantity Stored

Dependant on the substance, special precautions may be required for the storage. Enter
the maximum amount that will be stored at any one time within the organisation.

Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

Before purchasing any chemical or substance the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
should be obtained from the potential supplier, the information contained within the MSDS
will allow an assessment to be made on the safe storage and use of the substance. Enter
either Yes/No and where the MSDS is filed.

Assessment Required

Is an Assessment required? Answer either Yes/No.

Assessment Number

Each Assessment should be given its own unique number, which references the storage
area, department/area used. The HSE Manager will issue these numbers.

Assessment Date

Enter the date that the assessment was completed and approved for use by the HSE
Manager.

Review Date

Dependant on the material, substance or use, the Assessment will require a review; the
review date will be ascertained by the Health & Safety Coordinator.

5.0 Assessment Form

Substance Name

This is the product name as allocated by the manufacturer/supplier of the substance.

Hazard Label

Enter the description of the hazard label, either Irritant, Toxic, corrosive etc.

Physical Description

Enter the physical description of the material or substance; this could be Solid, Dust Fume
Liquid etc.

Chemical Names/Components

The substance could be made up of different components, put the chemical names of the
components within this field.

Maximum Exposure Limits (MELs)

Maximum Exposure Limits cannot be exceeded under any circumstances and some form
of monitoring may be required to ensure the limit is not exceeded. The MEL should be
clearly on the MSDS.

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Occupational Exposure Limits (OESs)

Occupational Exposure Limits are also detailed within the MSDS, where an OES has been
allocated steps will be required to evidence that controls in place are reducing exposure to
or below the stated limit.

Description of Process

Describe the process in which the substance is to be used, this should also include the
physical layout of the environment i.e. confined space, open air etc., the people at risk from
exposure and so on.

Possible Route of Entry

What are the possible routes of entry into the body of the substance or material? Dust is an
obvious inhalation route but may also enter the body through contact on the skin

Are Hazardous Levels of Exposure Likely

During the different stages (from storage to disposal) of use of the material or substance,
are hazardous levels of exposure likely.

Is there a Risk to Health

Answer Yes or No if there is a risk to health to anyone who may be affected by the material
or substance. This could be the person who is using the substance or another employee,
contractor or a member of the public.

Control Measures & Precautions Required During Use, Mixing Etc.

The following hierarchy of controls should be adopted when completing this section: -

1. Elimination of substance.
2. Reduction or substitution.
3. Engineering controls - isolation from person
- Local Exhaust Ventilation (LEV)
4. Procedural Controls
5. Personal protective equipment.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Required

The use of Personal Protective Equipment must be the last control measure adopted,
when all other forms of control are not available. When specifying the use of PPE it must
be made clear the type of PPE, which is to be, used i.e. Neoprene Gloves, Grade 1 Safety
Goggles, type of respirator and cartridge to be used.

First Aid Procedures

First Aid procedures for the material or substance will be found within the MSDS.

Acute and Chronic Effects

Detail whether the material or substance will create acute or chronic effects and the target
organs.

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Training & Instruction

All persons who will be using the material or substance within the workplace will require
training and instruction.

Initial training via induction will provide details of where the MSDS Sheets are located and
how to follow the precautions.

Secondary training will be given to Foremen, Supervisors and Managers detailing the
collation and management of MSDS sheets, distribution amongst the workforce and
ensuring that they are maintained up to date.

When using a new substance on the project the MSDS sheet will be used as a Toolbox
Talk Topic to ensure that the hazards and precautions are clearly communicated to the
workforce.

Workplace Monitoring

Workplace monitoring may be required, detail the type of monitoring that will be required
i.e. monitoring of hands for dermatitis by workplace foreman.

Health Surveillance and/or Biological Monitoring

Health or Biological Monitoring may be a statutory requirement; this will be detailed within
the MSDS. Detail the type of Surveillance that will be required and how to get it set up.

Measures to Protect /Other Staff/contractors

What measures can be put in place to prevent exposure to other who may be affected by
the process. This can be achieved by working out of hours, separation etc.

Transport Requirements

Special transport requirements will be detailed within the MSDS

Storage Requirements

Special storage requirement will be stated within the MSDS

Spillage Procedure

Enter the requirement from the MSDS for the procedure of cleaning up spills

Disposal Procedure

What is the safe procedure for the disposal of the material or substance, does it have a
waste category?

Inspection & Testing of Ventilation or Respiratory Equipment

If the use of Local Exhaust Ventilation Systems (LEVs) or Respirators has been specified,
insert the testing periods of the equipment i.e. daily/weekly/monthly inspection, 14 month
examinations etc.

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Assessment Summary

Enter a brief summary of the assessment and any other relevant information that could be
required

Assessment Record Details

To be completed by the assessor and the HSE Manager

6.0 Forms
Appendix

Substance Schedule A

COSHH Assessment Form B

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Appendix A

Assessment Form and Schedule

Name Supplier Storage Area Quantity Data Sheet Assessment Assessment Assessment Assessment
Stored Required Number Date review Date
Yes/No

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Appendix B

Substance Or Material Assessment


Substance Name BATTERY ACID
Hazard Label TOXIC AND CORROSIVE
Physical Description Odorless, clear to amber, heavy, oily liquid

Maximum Exposure Occupational


Chemical Names/Components Limits Exposure
15 Min 8Hr TWA Standard
15 Min 8Hr TWA
SULPHURIC ACID , ELECTROLYTE, H2SO4 3 mg/m 3 15 minutes
Hydrogen Sulphate, Oil of Vitriol and
1 mg/m 3
(TWA) 8 hours
SULPHUFIC ACID DO
WATER N/A

Description Of Process

Possible Routes Of Entry


Route Of Entry Very Likely Likely Unlikely Very Unlikely
Ingestion y
Absorption y
Inhalation Y
Skin Damage Y
Through Contact
Injection Y

Are Hazardous Levels Of Exposure Likely? (If no controls are used)


Activity Very Likely Likely Unlikely Very Unlikely
Storage & Handling Y
Transportation Y
Mixing Concentrate Y
Normal Use Y
Disposal Y

Is There A Risk To Health? (Yes/No) Yes, Causes serious


If yes, please complete the following sections. eye irritation. Causes
skin irritation.

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Control Measures & Precautions Required During Use, Mixing, etc.


N.B. Elimination or substitution of the substance must be considered prior to specifying
in this section engineering or working controls.
Elimination
The activities to replace battery fluid can be done by some agency,
outside of the organization, who are specialises in dealing with all
the hazards and risk arises from the use, handling, storage,
transportation of the substance in question.

Minimise
Minimize the quantity stored at site in order to minimise the harmful
exposure of the acid- such as generation of acid fumes.
Transfer the acid in smaller container and use as needed and keep in
cabinet design to store those smaller containers.

Engineering controls
Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation or other engineering
controls to keep airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. The
most effective measures are the total enclosure of processes and the
mechanization of handling procedures to prevent all personal contact
with sulfuric acid. Safety showers and eyewash stations should be
installed in storage and handling areas

Administrative control
Supervision of all the activities involving, the chemical, develop a
safe system of work for example When diluting, add acid to water. Do
NOT add water to the acid. Avoid contact with organic substance
instruction and training on hazard, risk, compatibility,
incompatibility, use of PPES, handling storage, use and disposal etc.
tool box talk based on MSDS of the substance.

Personal protection
Eyes: Chemical goggles and face shield.
Skin: Where there is a danger of spilling or splashing, acid resistant
aprons or suits should be worn. Trouser legs should be worn outside (not
tucked in) rubber boots.
Hands: Chemical-resistant, impervious gloves (i.e. neoprene) should be
worn when handling sulfuric acid.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Required


N.B. PPE must only be used as a control measure if no other form of control is available.
In indicating requirement for PPE, state type (i.e. Neoprene gloves, carbon monoxide
cartridge gas mask, etc.).
Activity Eye Protection Gloves RPE (i.e. Mask) Other PPE
Storage & Chemical Chemical- cartridges acid resistant
Handling goggles and resistant, for aprons or suits
face shield. impervious concentratio should be worn
gloves (i.e. ns up to 10
neoprene) mg/m

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Transportation N/a Chemical- N/a acid resistant
resistant, aprons or suits
impervious should be worn
gloves (i.e.
neoprene)
Mixing Chemical Chemical- cartridges acid resistant
Concentrate goggles and resistant, for aprons or suits
face shield. impervious concentratio should be worn
gloves (i.e. ns up to 10
neoprene) mg/m
Normal Use Chemical Chemical- cartridges acid resistant
goggles and resistant, for aprons or suits
face shield. impervious concentratio should be worn
gloves (i.e. ns up to 10
neoprene) mg/m
Disposal Chemical Chemical- cartridges acid resistant
goggles and resistant, for aprons or suits
face shield. impervious concentratio should be worn
gloves (i.e. ns up to 10
neoprene) mg/m

First Aid Procedures


Ingestion DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If victim is alert and not
convulsing, rinse mouth and give to 1 glass of water to
dilute material. If spontaneous vomiting occurs, have
victim lean forward with head down to avoid breathing in
of vomitus, rinse mouth and administer more water.
IMMEDIATELY contact local poison control center. Vomiting
may need to be induced but should be directed by a
physician or a poison control centre. IMMEDIATELY
transport victim to an emergency facility.
Eye Contact Immediately flush eyes with running water for a minimum
of 20 minutes. Hold eyelids open during flushing. If
irritation persists, repeat flushing. Obtain medical
attention IMMEDIATELY. Do not transport victim until the
recommended flushing period is completed unless flushing
can be continued during transport.
Inhalation Move victim to fresh air. Give artificial respiration
ONLY if breathing has stopped. Do not use mouth-to-mouth
method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance:
induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket
mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper
respiratory medical device. Give Cardiopulmonary
Resuscitation (CPR) if there is no pulse AND no
breathing. Obtain medical attention IMMEDIATELY.
Skin Contact Immediately flush skin with running water for a minimum
of 20 minutes. Start flushing while removing contaminated
clothing. If irritation persists, repeat flushing. Obtain
medical attention immediately. Do not transport victim
unless the recommended flushing period is completed or
flushing can be continued during transport.

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Other While the patient is being transported to a medical
facility apply compresses of iced water. If medical
treatment must be delayed, immerse the affected area in
iced water or apply compresses of iced water to
affected areas. Do not freeze tissue.
Continued washing of the affected area with cold or
iced water will be helpful in removing the last traces
of sulfuric acid. Creams or ointments should not be
applied before or during the washing phase of treatment

Other Relevant/Supporting Information & Procedures


Acute & Chronic Effects
Acute (Short Term) Chronic (Long Term)

EYE CONTACT: Immediate pain, severe Inhalation: Prolonged or repeated


burns and corneal damage, which may inhalation may affect behavior
result in permanent blindness. (muscle contraction or
SKIN CONTACT: Causes burns, and spasticity), urinary system
brownish or yellow stains. (kidney damage), and
Concentrated solutions may cause cardiovascular system, heart
second or third degree burns with (ischemic heart lesions), and
severe necrosis. Prolonged and respiratory system/lungs
repeated exposure to dilute (pulmonary edema, lung damage),
solutions may cause irritation, teeth (dental discoloration,
redness, pain, drying, and cracking erosion).
of the skin. Skin: Prolonged or repeated skin
INHALATION: Causes respiratory contact may cause dermatitis, an
irritation and at high allergic skin reaction.
concentrations may cause severe
injury, burns, or death. Effects of
exposure may be delayed.
INGESTION: Causes severe irritation
or burns of the mouth, throat, and
esophagus

Training & Instruction Required

People working with this chemical should be properly trained regarding


its hazards and its safe use.

Workplace Monitoring
Monitor that all the operatives handling the chemical are using
required PPEs. The area is well ventilated and and way from heat all
the time.

Health Surveillance and/or Biological Monitoring

Measures To Protect Tenants/Public/Other Staff/Contractors

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Properly label the container
Store the material secure
Do not permit unauthorised person in the storage area
Procedure and facility to deal with large spill

Transport Requirements
Shipping Description: Sulfuric Acid
Shipping Description: UN 1830, Sulfuric Acid, 8, PG II
Packaging References: 49CFR, Sections 172.504, 173.213, 173.247,
172.325 / SP 30

Storage Requirements
STORAGE: If stored in non-reactive container, keep container tightly
closed. Metal and, specifically carbon steel, storage tanks must be
vented due to hydrogen release as below above.
Good general ventilation should be provided to keep vapor and mist
concentrations below the exposure limits.
CAUTION: Hydrogen, a highly flammable gas, can accumulate to explosive
concentrations inside drums, or any types of steel containers or tanks
upon storage. Carbon steel storage tanks must be vented. People working
with this chemical should be properly trained regarding its hazards and
its safe use.
Keep away from heat and sources of ignition. Avoid temperatures, which
may have a negative effect on the materials of construction used in
equipment.
Materials to Avoid: Contact with organic materials (such as alcohol,
chlorates, carbides, nitrates etc.) may cause fire and explosions.
Contact with metals may produce flammable hydrogen gas.

Spillage Procedure
Small spill:
Cover with DRY earth, sand or other non-combustible material or absorb
with an inert dry material and place in a loosely covered plastic or
other appropriate waste disposal container. If necessary: Neutralize the
residue with a dilute solution of sodium carbonate, lime, or other
suitable neutralizing agent.
Large Spill:
Stop leak if possible without risk. Dike with DRY earth, sand or other
non-combustible inert material. Prevent entry into sewers or waterways.
Consider neutralizing the residue with sodium carbonate, lime, or other
suitable neutralizing agent. Ensure adequate decontamination of tools
and equipment following clean up.
Comply with local regulations on reporting releases. Dispose of waste
material at an approved waste treatment/disposal facility, in accordance
with applicable regulations. Do not dispose of waste with normal garbage
or to sewer systems
Disposal Procedure
The generation of waste should be avoided or minimized wherever
possible. Cleaned up material may be a hazardous waste on disposal due
to the corrosively characteristic. Disposal of this product and any by-
products must comply with all local requirements. Consult your local
and/or regional authorities

Inspection & Testing Of Ventilation &/Or Respiratory Equipment

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Assessment Summary

Assessment Record Details


Assessment No.: Review Date:
Assessor: Responsible Person For Review:

If You Feel Unwell Whilst Using, or After Using This Product, Please Report To Your
Manager/Supervisor.

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