Anda di halaman 1dari 11

Assumptions for AE210 Sample Building

Office Building (OB) Units


Use OB offices
Area per floor OB 20,000 SF
Number of floors OB 14 Stories
Area Per Occupant OB 200 SF/Occupant
Floor-to-Floor Height OB 12 Ft
Area OB 280,000 SF
Occupants OB 1,400 People

Retail Building (RB)


Use RB Retail
Area per floor RB 40,000 SF
Number of floors RB 2 Stories
Area Per Occupant RB 50 SF/Occupant
Area RB 80,000 SF
Floor-to-Floor Height RB 15 Ft
Occupants RB 1,600 People
Length of Stay RB 45 min
Traffic Per Hour Max RB 2,133 People/Hour

http://www.mcs.net/~aoarch/web/korea-tele.htm
What Modes of Transportation Might be Required or used - Class List

Mode Where use


Elevator Office Retail
Stairs Both
Escalator Retail
Walkway/corridor Both
Ramp Both
Hallway Both
equired or used - Class List

Comment
Transportation
Circulation
Transportation
Circulation
Circulation
Circulation
BuIlding Transportation Modes

Characteristics Geared Traction Gearless Hydraulic Escalator & Dumbw Pneumatic Tram Robot
Elevator Traction Elevator Horiz. aiter Tube Carts
Elevator Ramps
Vertical Travel 25 50+ 6 1 3 5 0
-Stories
Speed 50-400fpm 400-2000 100fpm 5fps 100fpm 25fps 30fps 6fps
fpm
Initial Cost Medium High Low High Low Low High High
Maintenance Cost Medium High Medium High Low Low Medium Medium

Passengers/Hr 400 400 400 3000 - - 2400 -

Images - Otis Elevator


What must be taken into account to design and elevator systems - Class List

Factor Comment
Factors Influencing Elevator Design - Source MEEBS 7th Ed

Good OK Units Definition or Comment


Interval (I) 30 35 Secs Average time between departure of cars from the lobby
Car Capacity
Average Lobby time 18 21 Secs Average time spent by a passenger between arriving in the lobby and
leaving the lobby in a car
Round-trip time (RT) Average time required for a car to make a round trip, staring from the
lower terminal and returning to it.
Average Trip Time (AVTRP) Average time spent by passengers form the moment they arrive in the
lobby to leaving the car at an upper floor

Handling Capacity (HC) Figure of merti for an elevator system, indicating the maximum number
of passengers that can be handled in a given period, usually 5 min

Zone 14 20 Floors Group of floors in a building that is considered as a group


Minimum HC 13% 5% pct Percent of building to be carried in 5 minutes

Time Interval for Design max 5 10 Min Determined based on experience as good approximation of period during
which rush hour 'hits' the elevator.

Percent of Population to Carry in 12% 5% pct Determined based on experience


5 min
Elevator Max Speed 150- FPm Note that the travel time depends on four components: 1) door-open
2000 time; 2) acceleration time; 3) max speed; 4) deceleration time.
depends Therefore max speed doesn't help much for low-rise buildings.
How Would we Calculate Our Office Building

Item Value Units Comment


Occupants 1400 People From Building Info
Floors 14 Floors From Building Info
Floor-to-Floor 12 Ft From Building Info
Total Rise 168 Ft Floors * Floor-to-Floor

Minimum Handling Capacity 13% Pct From Elevator practice - 5 min load
Elevator Carrying Capacity 3500 Lbs From Elevator practice - Actually try multiple sizes
Elevator Speed 500 fpm From Elevator practice - Actually try multiple speeds.
There are tables of good practice. 23.8 MEEBS.
Elevator car Avg Capacity 16 People From Tables - Meebs 23.4
Handling Capacity 182 People Min Handling capacity * Occupants
Round Trip 143 secs From Graph 23.17
Average Trip 76 secs From Graph
Car Carries in 5 minutes 33.6 People/5min Calculated
Number of Cars Needed 5 Cars Calculated
Average Trip Time - p.1166 MEEBs

Round Trip Time 23.17b


Typical Car Information for High-Rise Gearless Elevators - Otis

Rated lbs.a 2000 2500 2500 3000 3000 3000 3500 3500 3500 4000 4000 4000
PassengerCapacity 16/15 16/15 16/15 20/18 20/18 20/18 23/21 23/21 23/21 27/25 27/25 27/25
b

Speed ft./min.d 800 800 1000 800 1000 1200 800 1000 1200 800 1000 1200
Maximum Stops 60 60 72 60 72 87 60 72 87 60 72 87
A. Depthe
7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-6" 7'-6" 7'-6" 8'-2" 8'-2" 8'-2" 8'-2" 8'-2" 8'-2"
B. Car Door Width 3'-0" 3'-6" 3'-6" 3'-6" 3'-6" 3'-6" 3'-6" 3'-6" 3'-6" 4'-0" 4'-0" 4'-0"

C. Single Widthe 7'-6 1/2" 8'-8" 8'-8" 8'-8" 8'-8" 8'-8" 8'-8" 8'-8" 8'-8" 9'-8" 9'-8" 9'-8"

D. Double Widthe 15'-5" 17'-8" 17'-8" 17'-8" 17'-8" 17'-8" 17'-8" 17'-8" 17'-8" 19'-8" 19'-8" 19'-8"
E. Triple Width e
23'-3 26'-8" 26'-8" 26'-8" 26'-8" 26'-8" 26'-8" 26'-8" 24'-8" 28'-8" 28'-8" 28'-8"
1/2"
F. Minimum Clear 11'-9" 11'-9" 7'-6" 11'-9" 11'-9" 11'-9" 11'-9" 11'-9" 11'-9" 11'-9" 11'-9" 11'-9"
Headroom
G. Clear Openingf 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0"