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any of the tubes forming part of the blood circulation system of the body, carrying in
most cases oxygen-depleted blood toward the heart.
blood pressure

1. Blood pressure- the pressure of the blood in the circulatory system, often measured for
diagnosis since it is closely related to the force and rate of the heartbeat and the
diameter and elasticity of the arterial walls.

1. Lung - In most cases, pulmonary embolism is caused by a blood clot in the leg that
breaks loose and travels to the lungs. A blood clot in a vein close to the skin is not
likely to cause problems. But having blood clots in deep veins (deep vein thrombosis)
can lead to pulmonary embolism.

1. Cellular reproduction is a process by which cells duplicate their contents and then
divide to yield two cells with similar, if not duplicate, contents. Understanding this
process is helpful in understanding the basis for humanreproduction as well as the
basis for the generation of life in other classes of organisms.

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Circilation-movement to and fro or around something, especially that of fluid in a closed

a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake
of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic

Heart-a hollow muscular organ that pumps the blood through the circulatory system by rhythmic
contraction and dilation. In vertebrates there may be up to four chambers (as in humans), with
two atria and two ventricles.

1. Aorta- the main artery of the body, supplying oxygenated blood to the circulatory system.
In humans it passes over the heart from the left ventricle and runs down in front of the

Diaphragm- a dome-shaped, muscular partition separating the thorax from the abdomen in
mammals. It plays a major role in breathing, as its contraction increases the volume of the
thorax and so inflates the lungs.