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Problem Solution P1-11A:

a) Given,
=10 mol/h
= 0.010
Molar flow rate,0 = 5/
Consumed 99%

= (Zero order reaction) where K=0.05
. 3
For CSTR:
We know,
0
V=

55.01
= 0 =
0.05
3
=99
Required volume for CSTR is 993
For PFR:

=


Or, =

1
Or, V=


1
Or, V= [ 0 ]

1
Or, V= (0.01 5 5)
0.05
Or, V=993
For PFR required volume is 993
b) Given,
= (1st order reaction) where K=0.001 1
For CSTR:
We know,
0
V=

( )
Or, V= 0 0 0 [F=CV]

0 (0 )
Or, V=

10(0 0.010 )
Or, V=
0.00010.010 3600
3
Or, V=2750
Required volume for CSTR is 2750 3
For PFR:

=

( 0 )
Or, =

0
Or, 0 =
0
0
Or, V= ln
0
10 0 0.01
Or, V= ln
0.00013600 0
3
Or, V=127.92
Required volume for PFR is 127.92 3
3
c) Given, = 2 (2nd order reaction) where K=3
.

For CSTR:
0 (0 )
V=

0 (0 0.010 )
Or, V=
2
0 (0 0.010 )
Or, =
(0.010 )2
100.99 0
Or, = 2
30.00010
100.99
Or, =
30.00010.5
Or, V=66000 3
Required volume for CSTR is 66000 3

For PFR:
0
0 =
2
0
0 2
Or, V=
0

1
Or, = 0 [ ]0

0 1 1
Or, = [ ]
0
10 1 1 1
Or, = ( )
3 0 0.01 1
10 1 1 1
Or, = ( )
3 0.5 0.01 1

Or, V=660 3
Required volume for PFR is 660 3

Problem Solution P1-12A:


Given,
V=20 3
0 = 20
a) Given,
= (1st order reaction) where K=0.865 1
= 0.2
We know,

=
0


Or, t=
0

1
Or, =-
0

1
Or, = ln
0

1
Or, = ln
0

1 0.2
Or, =- ln
0.865 20

Or, =5.32 min


b) Given,
3
= 2 (2nd order reaction) where K=2
.

For 2nd order reaction,


1
t=
0 2
1 1 1
Or, =- ( )
0

1 1 1
Or, =- ( 0 )

0 0

1 1 1
Or, = (1 20 )
2 20 20

Or, t=9.5 min


c) Given,
T=1270 = 400K
n=20 mol
R=0.082 3 atm/(k.mol)
V=20 3

Initial pressure, 0 =
200.082400
= = 32.8 atm (Answer)
20
As the reaction goes to completion. So n=40 mol

Final pressure, =
400.082400
= = 65.6 atm (Answer)
20